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1.
Int J Med Inform ; 157: 104641, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common clinical pancreatic disease. Patients with different severity levels have different clinical outcomes. With the advantages of algorithms, machine learning (ML) has gradually emerged in the field of disease prediction, assisting doctors in decision-making. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Publication time was limited from inception to 29 May 2021. Studies that have used ML to establish predictive tools for AP were eligible for inclusion. Quality assessment of the included studies was conducted in accordance with the IJMEDI checklist. RESULTS: In this systematic review, 24 of 2,913 articles, with a total of 8,327 patients and 47 models, were included. The studies could be divided into five categories: 10 studies (42%) reported severity prediction; 10 studies (42%), complication prediction; 3 studies (13%), mortality prediction; 2 studies (8%), recurrence prediction; and 2 studies (8%), surgery timing prediction. ML showed great accuracy in several prediction tasks. However, most of the included studies were retrospective in nature, conducted at a single centre, based on database data, and lacked external validation. According to the IJMEDI checklist and our scoring criteria, two studies were considered to be of high quality. Most studies had an obvious bias in the quality of data preparation, validation, and deployment dimensions. CONCLUSION: In the prediction tasks for AP, ML has shown great potential in assisting decision-making. However, the existing studies still have some deficiencies in the process of model construction. Future studies need to optimize the deficiencies and further evaluate the comparability of the ML systems and model performance, so as to consequently develop high-quality ML-based models that can be used in clinical practice.

2.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 8797-8803, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858047

RESUMO

Objective: Earlobe crease (ELC) has been considered as a skin sign of atherosclerosis, and its pathophysiological mechanism is still unclear. Our study aims to test the hypothesis that ELC patients with lower serum levels of the age-suppressing hormone Klotho, which is not only associated with premature aging but also with endothelial dysfunction, may be associated with atherosclerosis. Methods: A total of 135 patients aged 40-68 years underwent coronary angiography. According to the presence or absence of coronary heart disease (CAD) and ELC, they were divided into three groups: CAD group and ELC group (ELC group, n = 45); no ELC group (non-ELC group, n = 45). There was no ELC or CAD in the control group (control group, n = 45). Serum Klotho concentration was obtained by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: The Klotho level in the ELC group was 365.6 ± 38.1 pg/mL, while the Klotho level in the non-ELC group was 568.8 ± 44.9 pg/mL. It is worth noting that the Klotho level of the ELC group was significantly lower than that of the non-ELC group (P < 0.001). The serum Klotho level of the control group was higher than that of the non-ELC group (593.3±45.3 vs 568.8±44.9 pg/mL, P = 0.702), but the difference was not statistically significant. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the Klotho level is a parameter that affects the appearance of ELC. Conclusion: Serum Klotho levels were considerably lower in patients with ELC. We concluded that the perturbations of Klotho in patients might be associated with ELC and with CAD.

3.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(11): 1709-1724, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most lethal malignancies worldwide. It is known that the proliferation of PC cells is a critical process in the disease. Previous studies have failed to identify the key genes associated with PC cell proliferation, using bioinformatic analysis, genome-wide association studies, and candidate gene testing. AIM: To investigate the function of the chromobox 8 (CBX8)/receptor substrate 1 (IRS1)/AKT axis in PC. METHODS: A genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screening was performed to select genes that could facilitate PC cell proliferation. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression of CBX8 in PC tissues and cells. The regulatory roles of CBX8 in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were verified by in vivo and in vitro functional assays. RESULTS: CBX8 was upregulated in PC tissues and shown to drive PC cell proliferation. Higher expression of CBX8 was correlated with worse outcomes of PC patients from two independent cohorts comprising a total of 116 cases. CBX8 was also proved to serve as a promising therapeutic target for a PC xenograft model. We demonstrated that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1a induced CBX8 transcription by binding to the promoter of CBX8. CBX8 efficiently activated the PI3K/AKT signaling by upregulating insulin IRS1. CONCLUSION: CBX8 is a key gene regulated by HIF-1α, and activates the IRS1/AKT pathway, which suggests that targeting CBX8 may be a promising therapeutic strategy for PC.

4.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 52, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615551

RESUMO

Despite the widespread use of malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) in clinical practice, there are a lot of challenges. We conducted a secondary analysis of 129 malaria RDT data from rounds 5-8 of the World Health Organization (WHO) product testing summary and discuss the causes of false-negative (FN) results with a focus on low parasite density, improper RDT storage, operation and interpretation, and plasmodium falciparum with a pfhrp2/3 gene deletion. The results demonstrated that the malaria RDTs currently commercially available might cause FN results in practice.

5.
Light Sci Appl ; 10(1): 190, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535628

RESUMO

This study is the first to explore the potential associations among allergic conjunctivitis (AC), air pollution, and meteorological conditions in Northeast China. Data of meteorology, ambient atmospheric pollutants, and the incidence of allergic conjunctivitis (IAC) in prefecture-level cities between the years 2014 and 2018 are analyzed. The results show an increasing trend in the AC of average growth rate per annum 7.6%, with the highest incidence in the provincial capitals. The IAC is positively correlated with atmospheric pollutants (i.e., PM2.5, PM10, CO, SO2, NO2, and O3) and meteorological factors (i.e., air temperature and wind speed), but negatively correlated with relative humidity. These results suggest that the IAC is directly proportional to pollution level and climatic conditions, and also the precedence of air pollution. We have further obtained the threshold values of atmospheric pollutants concentration and meteorological factors, a turning point above which more AC may be induced. Compared with the air quality standard advised by China and the World Health Organization (WHO), both thresholds of PM10 (70 µg m-3) and PM2.5 (45 µg m-3) are higher than current standards and pose a less environmental risk for the IAC. SO2 threshold (23 µg m-3) is comparable to the WHO standard and significantly lower than that of China's, indicating greater environmental risks in China. Both thresholds of NO2 (27 µg m-3) and O3 (88 µg m-3) are below current standards, indicating that they are major environmental risk factors for the IAC. Our findings highlight the importance of atmospheric environmental protection and reference for health-based amendment.

6.
Opt Lett ; 46(18): 4434-4437, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525015

RESUMO

We demonstrate a circularly polarized optical microscope (POM) by incorporating a hole-patterned electrode (HPE) liquid crystal (LC) lens fabricated by photoalignment. The focal plane is controlled by voltages on the HPE LC lens with a tuning range of 2.2 mm without any mechanical movement. The diopter can be controlled from 0 to -5.0D, and the wavefront optical path difference is less than 0.25λ for our proposed HPE LC lens. Such a low aberration is obtained, because the LC directors are well aligned along with the axially symmetrical electrical field, and there is no observed twist deformation of the LC directors. Finally, we applied our circularly polarized POM to inspect the reflectance properties of several beetles, and we find that the "Chrysochroa toulgoeti" beetle exhibits right circularly polarized reflectance from some small areas on its wings.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26624, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260550

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) is commonly present in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). It is often difficult to predict gastrointestinal function in the early stage due to lack of reliable markers. We aimed to assess whether early plasma trefoil factor 2 (TFF-2) is a potential predictor for AGI.Fifty one patients were included for the onset of AP (from developing abdominal pain) within 72 hours in this prospective observational single-center study from January 2013 to July 2015. Among them 23 patients were classified as mild, 17 as moderately severe, and 11 as severe according to 2012 Atlanta classification. Plasma samples were collected only once at admission to the ICU. Twenty samples of healthy adults were also collected as control. The TFF-2 levels were determined by using a human TFF-2 enzyme-linked immunoassay. AGI grades from 1st to 7th day after admission were observed.The plasma TFF-2 levels among AP patients in early stage were significantly higher than healthy controls (766.41 ng/mL vs 94.37 ng/mL, P < .0001). The correlations between TFF-2 levels and AGI grades from 1st to 4th day after admission were positive (r = 0.47, 0.43, 0.42, 0.40 respectively, P < .05). As a predictor of acute gastrointestinal failure, plasma TFF-2 was superior to others: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, sequential organ failure assessment, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, serum calcium. In addition, TFF-2 increased along with the severity of AP (r = 0.554, P < .0001) and associated with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, sequential organ failure assessment, C-reactive protein, serum calcium.The plasma TFF-2 levels were increased in patients in early stage of AP and correlated with AGI grades and disease severity in our study. TFF-2 might be a potential predictor for acute gastrointestinal failure in patients with AP.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias/sangue , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Pancreatite/sangue , Pancreatite/complicações , Fator Trefoil-2/sangue , APACHE , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(16): 3936-3942, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal mucocele is a rare disease that causes obstructive dilatation of the appendix due to the intraluminal accumulation of mucin. We report a case of endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of an appendiceal mucocele. CASE SUMMARY: A 47-year-old man presented with a protrusion around the orifice of the appendix discovered by colonoscopy incidentally. He was admitted to our hospital for a routine checkup without any symptoms. Abdominal computed tomography showed a cystic mass approximately 3 cm in diameter with fat stranding. The preoperative diagnosis was non-neoplastic appendiceal mucocele, and endoscopic treatment was performed. The endoscopic findings and pathological results supported our preoperative diagnosis. The endoscopic treatment of appendiceal mucocele was feasible and effective, which was confirmed by repeated endoscopy and post-operative computed tomography after 7 mo. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic therapy provides a new method for the treatment of appendiceal mucocele.

9.
J Oncol ; 2021: 9948814, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122548

RESUMO

Objective: The consumption of dairy is associated with decreased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but few studies have assessed the relationship between dairy consumption and precursors of CRC. Therefore, we performed the first meta-analysis to further evaluate this association. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched through July 2020 for observational studies. Study-specific risk estimates for the highest versus lowest category were pooled using the random-effects and fixed-effects model. The methodological quality of included studies was assessed using the ROBINS-I Scale. Results: A total of 12 studies were included (3 cohort studies and 9 case-control studies). Compared with the lowest level consumption, fermented dairy products had a decreased risk of precursors of CRC in both cohort (RR = 0.92 95% CI: 0.87-0.97) and case-control studies (RR = 0.98 95% CI: 0.96-0.99). Total dairy (RR = 0.80 95% CI: 0.68-0.96) and cheese (RR = 0.96 95% CI: 0.93-0.99) consumption was inversely associated with the risk in case-control studies whereas yogurt consumption was inversely associated with the risk in cohort studies (RR = 0.91 95%CI: 0.86-0.96). No significant associations were found for consumption of total milk and non/low-fat milk. For dose-response analyses, evidence of linear association was found in total dairy and yogurt consumption. The risk decreased by 12% for an increment of 200 g/d total dairy consumption (RR = 0.88 95% CI: 0.81-0.95) and decreased by 8% for an increment of 50 g/d yogurt consumption (RR = 0.92 95% CI: 0.85-0.99). Conclusions: Fermented dairy products, specifically yogurt and cheese, were significantly associated with decreased risk of conventional and serrated precursors of colorectal cancer.

10.
Transl Pediatr ; 10(4): 773-782, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34012827

RESUMO

Background: Bronchial asthma (referred to as asthma in the present study) is the most common chronic airway inflammatory disease in childhood. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] on VDR expression, which is closely associated with asthmatic airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs), and explored its role and mechanism in the Rho-kinase signaling pathway. Methods: The acute asthma model was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) and pertussis bacillus, and ASMCs obtained from asthmatic rats were cultured in vitro. These cells were randomly divided into five groups: control (N) group, TNF-α (TNF) group, 1,25-(OH)2D3 (VD) group, dexamethasone (DXM) group, and 1,25-(OH)2D3 + DXM (L) group. The protein expression levels of VDR, ROCK, MLC20 and P-MLC20 were detected by western blot, and the mRNA expression levels of VDR, ROCK, MLC20 and P-MLC20 were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. Results: The expression of ROCK, MLC20 and P-MLC20 in each treatment group were significantly lower, when compared to the TNF group (P<0.05), but this remained stronger than (P<0.05) or similar to (P>0.05) that in the N group. Conclusions: The regulation mechanism of 1,25-(OH)2D3 in alleviating asthma should be correlated to its regulation of the expression of related signaling molecules in the Rho-kinase signaling pathway, and this effect may be achieved by regulating the mRNA and protein expression of the VDR gene.

11.
Front Genet ; 12: 640859, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040631

RESUMO

The etiology of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) and acute pancreatitis (AP) is complex. Herein, we dissected the underlying etiology in a patient with HTG and AP. The patient had a 20-year history of heavy alcohol consumption and an 8-year history of mild HTG. He was hospitalized for alcohol-triggered AP, with a plasma triglyceride (TG) level up to 21.4 mmol/L. A temporary rise in post-heparin LPL concentration (1.5-2.5 times of controls) was noted during the early days of AP whilst LPL activity was consistently low (50∼70% of controls). His TG level rapidly decreased to normal in response to treatment, and remained normal to borderline high during a ∼3-year follow-up period during which he had abstained completely from alcohol. Sequencing of the five primary HTG genes (i.e., LPL, APOC2, APOA5, GPIHBP1 and LMF1) identified two heterozygous variants. One was the common APOA5 c.553G > T (p.Gly185Cys) variant, which has been previously associated with altered TG levels as well as HTG-induced acute pancreatitis (HTG-AP). The other was a rare variant in the LPL gene, c.756T > G (p.Ile252Met), which was predicted to be likely pathogenic and found experimentally to cause a 40% loss of LPL activity without affecting either protein synthesis or secretion. We provide evidence that both a gene-gene interaction (between the common APOA5 variant and the rare LPL variant) and a gene-environment interaction (between alcohol and digenic inheritance) might have contributed to the development of mild HTG and alcohol-triggered AP in the patient, thereby improving our understanding of the complex etiology of HTG and HTG-AP.

12.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(13): 3114-3119, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bezoars are conglomerates of indigestible foreign material that can be found in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastric ulcer, gastrointestinal perforation, and intestinal obstruction are the main complications. Acute pancreatitis secondary to bezoar is rare. Here, we present a rare case of a migratory gastric bezoar complicated by acute pancreatitis and small bowel obstruction after dissolution therapy. CASE SUMMARY: A-65-year-old woman underwent gastroscopy because of epigastric pain, which revealed a huge bezoar and a gastric ulcer 10 d prior. The patient was discharged with a prescription of drinking 1 L Coca-Cola daily for 6 d, without repeat gastroscopy. However, she suddenly developed epigastric pain, nausea and vomiting for 3 d. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed mild inflammation of the pancreas. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed no abnormalities in the pancreatic duct or common bile duct. The nasogastric tube still showed drainage of more than 1.6 L of dark fluid each day after symptomatic treatment. Abdominal CT re-examination suggested intestinal obstruction. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a huge yellowish hard mass in the jejunal lumen, and we used the basket and net to fragment the bezoar. She was discharged with a good outcome. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic therapy is the first choice for gastric bezoars. When mechanical disintegration cannot be achieved, timing of repeat endoscopy is important during Coca-Cola dissolution therapy.

13.
Protein Expr Purif ; 185: 105893, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933613

RESUMO

MAP30 (Momordica antiviral protein 30kD) is a single-chain Ⅰ-type ribosome inactivating protein with a variety of biological activities, including anti-tumor ability. It was reported that MAP30 would serve as a novel and relatively safe agent for prophylaxis and treatment of liver cancer. To determine whether adding two tumor targeting peptides could improve the antitumor activities of MAP30, we genetically modified MAP30 with an RGD motif and a EGFRi motif, which is a ligand with high affinity for αvß3 integrins and with high affinity for EGFR. The recombinant protein ELRL-MAP30 (rELRL-MAP30) containing a GST-tag was expressed in E. coli. The rELRL-MAP30 was highly expressed in the soluble fraction after induction with 0.15 mM IPTG for 20 h at 16 °C. The purified rELRL-MAP30 appeared as a band on SDS-PAGE. It was identified by western blotting. Cytotoxicity of recombinant protein to HepG2, MDA-MB-231, HUVEC and MCF-7 cells was detected by MTT analysis. Half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values were 54.64 µg/mL, 70.13 µg/mL, 146 µg/mL, 466.4 µg/mL, respectively. Proliferation inhibition assays indicated that rELRL-MAP30 could inhibit the growth of Human liver cancer cell HepG2 effectively. We found that rELRL-MAP30 significantly induced apoptosis in liver cancer cells, as evidenced by nuclear staining of DAPI. In addition, rELRL-MAP30 induced apoptosis in human liver cancer HepG2 cells by up-regulation of Bax as well as down-regulation of Bcl-2. Migration of cell line were markedly inhibited by rELRL-MAP30 in a dose-dependent manner compared to the recombinant MAP30 (rMAP30). In summary, the fusion protein displaying extremely potent cytotoxicity might be highly effective for tumor therapy.

14.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 36(9): 720-727, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877904

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated the correlations between the different phenotypes of the uridine diphosphate glucuronyl transferase (UGT) 1A1 gene and the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer after the FOLFIRI regimen. Materials and Methods: A total of 240 advanced colorectal cancer patients with stage IV colon cancer or recurrence after radical surgery between January 2014 and December 2018 were included in a retrospective study. All participants were treated with the FOLFIRI regimen until the disease progressed or an intolerable level of toxicity occurred. Results: In this study, three phenotypes of the UGT1A1 gene promoter were found: the homozygous wild type (TA6/6 type, 78.3%), the heterozygous mutant type (TA6/7 type, 19.6%), and the homozygous mutant type (TA7/7 type, 2.1%). Compared with TA6/7 and TA6/6, the risk of nonresponse to FOLFIRI chemotherapy increased by 16%, but the difference was not significant. The risk of death increased by 24%, and there was no significant difference. There was a risk of hematologic and nonhematologic adverse reactions occurring in TA6/7 and TA6/6, and the total risk of adverse reactions increased by 9.3773 times among patients with more than two metastatic organs. Compared with patients with TA6/6, the risk of toxic side-effects increased by 42.8066 times (p = 0.0259) for patients with TA6/7. Among patients who received FOLFIRI chemotherapy for more than four cycles, the proportion with TA6/7 was greater than that with TA6/6. Compared with those with TA6/6, patients with TA6/7 showed a higher risk of hematologic toxicity (22.3246 times, p = 0.0035). Conclusion: The TA6/7 in patients with advanced colorectal cancer had more than two metastatic organs, and received FOLFIRI chemotherapy for more than four cycles compared with TA6/6 patients. Furthermore, the risk of hematologic and nonhematologic adverse reactions significantly increased, and the risk of digestive-tract and hematologic toxicity was more significant.

15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 3385-3392, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889027

RESUMO

Objective: A retrospective analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of the preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on the severity of toxic side effects of radiochemotherapy and the survival prognosis of patients with gastric cancer to guide the clinical nutritional support for patients with gastric cancer. Methods: Data of 191 patients with gastric cancer in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Guizhou Cancer Hospital and the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University between January 2008 and December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were allocated to the high PNI group (with PNI ≥47.7) and the low PNI group (with PNI <47.7) according to the PNI cutoff value, and the incidence of severe toxic side effects of radiochemotherapy and the overall survival time were compared between the high PNI group and low PNI group. In addition, prognostic factor analysis was performed. Results: The severe hematologic side effects of radiochemotherapy and shorter postoperative survival time were more likely to occur in the low PNI group than in the high PNI group. The multifactor analysis showed that TNM stage (p = 0.000) and PNI (p = 0.001) were the independent risk factors for the overall postoperative survival time in patients with gastric cancer. Conclusion: Preoperative PNI might predict the severity of hematologic toxic side effects of adjuvant chemotherapy/radiochemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer after surgery. Patients in the low PNI group were more likely to have severe hematologic toxic side effects, and therefore a low PNI might be one of the important factors affecting the prognosis of gastric cancer.

16.
Exp Ther Med ; 21(4): 387, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33680109

RESUMO

For patients with sepsis and septic shock, it remains controversial when to restrict fluid intake and achieve a negative fluid balance. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of the fluid intake volume during the first 24 h as well as fluid balance for 7 days on the prognosis of sepsis or septic shock. A total of 337 patients diagnosed with sepsis or septic shock at Ruijin Hospital (Shanghai, China) were enrolled in the present retrospective study. Patients with a low fluid intake volume during the first 24 h (fluid intake, 28.1±10.6 ml/kg) had lower in-hospital mortality rates (18.0 vs. 27.3%, P=0.043) and a shorter duration of mechanical ventilation [0 (0-6) vs. 3 (0-11), P=0.025] than the high-fluid volume intake group (62.6±17.6 ml/kg). Furthermore, survivors exhibited a daily negative net fluid balance from the second day (48 h), whereas non-survivors had a daily positive net fluid balance for 7 days, where fluid balance volumes were significantly lower in survivors compared with those in non-survivors. Finally, binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine whether the mean daily fluid balance (P<0.001) and the Acute Physiologic and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (P=0.048) were independent prognostic factors for patients with sepsis or septic shock. It was indicated that a low fluid intake volume during the first 24 h and a persistent negative fluid balance from the second day were associated with favorable outcomes. The mean daily fluid balance was an independent prognostic factor or patients with sepsis or septic shock.

17.
Fitoterapia ; 152: 104875, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675886

RESUMO

One new limonoid, named 19-hydroxy methyl isoobacunoate diosphenol (1); one new degraded limonoid, named 9α-methoxyl dictamdiol (9); two new quinolone alkaloids, 1-methyl-3-[(7E,9E,12Z)-7,9,12-pentadecadienyl]-4(1H)-quinolone (11) and 1-methyl-3-[(7E,9E,11E)-7,9,11-pentadecadienyl]-4(1H)-quinolone (12), along with eight known compounds, evodol (2), 7ß-acetoxy-5-epilimonin (3), rutaevine (4), 6ß-acetoxy-5-epilimonin (5), limonin (6), obacunone (7), clauemargine L (8), hiiranlactone E (10) were isolated from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth.. Structures of the four new compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic techniques, including 1D and 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 3, 5, 9, 11 and 12 showed obviously cytotoxic activity against six human tumor lines, while compounds 11, 12 displayed anti-platelet aggregation induced by ADP at 50 µM and 100 µM.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Evodia/química , Limoninas/farmacologia , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , China , Frutas/química , Humanos , Limoninas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinolonas/isolamento & purificação
18.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(1): 21-6, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on behavior, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), mitochondrial complexes Ⅰ-Ⅳ, mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial ultrastructure of Parkinson's disease (PD) mice, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of PD. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal, model, medication (Madopar) and EA groups (n=11 in each group). PD model was duplicated by intraperitoneal injection of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP, 30 mg·kg-1·d-1) for consecutively 5 d. EA was performed on the chorea tremor areas on both sides of the head of mice for 15 min, once a day for 14 d. The behavioral changes of mice were observed. The expression of TH in substantia nigra compacta of midbrain was detected by immunohistochemistry. The activities of mitochondrial complexes Ⅰ-Ⅳ were measured. The changes of mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by JC-1 staining method. The ultrastructural changes of striatum mitochondria were observed by transmission electron microscope. RESULTS: After modeling, the mice showed obvious behavioral abnormalities such as tremor, vertical hair and tail warping, and the pole test time in the model group was significantly longer than that in the normal group (P<0.01). After 7 and 14 days of the treatment, the pole test time in the EA and medication groups was shorter than that in the model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the number of TH positive cells of the substantia nigra, the mitochondrial membrane potential and the activity of mitochondrial complex I were decreased significantly in the model group (P<0.01), and EA and medication intervention reversed these changes (P<0.01). The mitochondrial structure of mice in the model group was obviously damaged, and the damage of mitochondrial structure was alleviated and the number of damaged mitochondria was decreased in the EA and medication groups. CONCLUSION: EA can protect and promote the recovery of mitochondrial structure and function in MPTP-induced PD mice, which may play a neuroprotective effect on PD mice by improving mitochondrial dysfunction, balancing cell homeostasis and reducing dopaminergic neuron damage.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Doença de Parkinson , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Substância Negra/metabolismo
19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 32-37, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554793

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of norcantharidin (NCTD) to proliferation of leukemia cells through disrupting key regulators of sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway and its downstream transcription factor SOX2. METHODS: CCK8 was used to detected the HL60 and NB4 cells after inhibited by NCTD, SMO and GLI1 inhibitor for 24 hours. Expression level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2 in HL60 cells with NCTD treatment was detected by immunoblot. HL60 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1 plasmid expressing GLI1 or SOX2. Empty vector and pcDNA3. 1-EGFP were divided into negative and positive control group, respectively. The expression of exogenous GLI1 or SOX2 in HL60 cells was confirmed by immunoblot, and growth curve of HL60 cell was checked by CCK8. Proliferation of genetic modified HL60 cells treated by various dose of NCTD was detected. RESULTS: NCTD, SMO/GLI1 inhibitors could inhibit the proliferation of NB4 and HL60 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with solvent (DMSO)-treated control group, NCTD remarkably decreased protein level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2. GLI1 and SOX2 were overexpressed in HL60 cells as compared with pcDNA3.1 empty vector-transfected group. Growth curve demonstrated significant proliferative advantage of GLI1/SOX2-transfected cells. CCK8 assay indicated that GLI1/SOX2-overexpressed HL60 cells were more resistant to NCTD treatment. CONCLUSION: NCTD attenuates HL60 proliferation via targeting the Hedgehog/SOX2 axis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Hedgehog , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes , Proliferação de Células , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1 , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco
20.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246944, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596244

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient for plant growth, development and production. However, little is known about the effects of P deficiency on nutrient absorption, photosynthetic apparatus performance and antioxidant metabolism in citrus. Seedlings of 'sour pummelo' (Citrus grandis) were irrigated with a nutrient solution containing 0.2 mM (Control) or 0 mM (P deficiency) KH2PO4 until saturated every other day for 16 weeks. P deficiency significantly decreased the dry weight (DW) of leaves and stems, and increased the root/shoot ratio in C. grandis but did not affect the DW of roots. The decreased DW of leaves and stems might be induced by the decreased chlorophyll (Chl) contents and CO2 assimilation in P deficient seedlings. P deficiency heterogeneously affected the nutrient contents of leaves, stems and roots. The analysis of Chl a fluorescence transients showed that P deficiency impaired electron transport from the donor side of photosystem II (PSII) to the end acceptor side of PSI, which showed a greater impact on the performance of the donor side of PSII than that of the acceptor side of PSII and photosystem I (PSI). P deficiency increased the contents of ascorbate (ASC), H2O2 and malondialdehyde (MDA) as well as the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) and glutathione reductase (GR) in leaves. In contrast, P deficiency increased the ASC content, reduced the glutathione (GSH) content and the activities of SOD, CAT, APX and monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR), but did not increase H2O2 production, anthocyanins and MDA content in roots. Taking these results together, we conclude that P deficiency affects nutrient absorption and lowers photosynthetic performance, leading to ROS production, which might be a crucial cause of the inhibited growth of C. grandis.


Assuntos
Absorção Fisiológica , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Citrus/metabolismo , Minerais/metabolismo , Nutrientes/metabolismo , Fósforo/deficiência , Fotossíntese , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Citrus/genética , Citrus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fluorescência , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Fotossíntese/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Plântula/metabolismo , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/metabolismo
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