Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Int J Mol Med ; 42(2): 1199, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749426

RESUMO

Subsequently to the publication of this article, the authors have realized that an address affiliation associated with certain of the authors had been omitted. The authors' affiliation information should have appeared as follows (the omitted address affiliation is featured in bold): Yi­Ying Yang1,2*, Xiu­Ting Sun1,2*, Zheng­Xun Li1,2, Wei­Yan Chen3, Xiang Wang4, Mei­Ling Liang5, Hui Shi1,2, Zhi­Sheng Yang1,2 and Wu­Tao Zeng1,2 1Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat­Sen University; 2Key Laboratory on Assisted Circulation, Ministry of Health, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080; 3Intensive Care Unit, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510260; 4Department of Cardiology, Laiwu City People's Hospital, Laiwu, Shandong 27110; 5Department of Cardiology, Sun Yat­Sen Cardiovascular Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518020, P.R. China *Contributed equally. The authors regret this error in the affiliations, and apologize for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in the International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41: 1283­1292, 2018; DOI: 10.3892/ijmm.2017.3322].

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(6): e9765, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29419669

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between serum uric acid (sUA) and the incidence of hypertension in nonmetabolic syndrome (non-MetS) subjects.This was a prospective observational study including 23,525 subjects who had been followed up for at least 5 years. A logistic regression model was used to assess independent risk factors associated with hypertension. An area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (auROC) was generated, and a nomogram was developed to assess diagnostic ability of sUA and the sUA-based score.We enrolled 11,642 subjects, and 763 (6.55%) were diagnosed with hypertension at the 5-year follow-up. Subjects were classified into 4 groups based on the sUA quarter. Using Q1 as the reference group, Q2, Q3, and Q4 were found to show a higher risk for the development of hypertension with odds ratio of 1.51 (1.15, 1.98), 1.72 (1.30, 2.27), and 2.27 (1.68, 3.06), respectively (P < .001) after adjusting for other known confounding variables. Interaction analysis showed that there was no significant difference between subgroups stratified on the basis of sex, age, body mass index, fasting plasma glucose, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol except triglycerides (P = .006). The auROCs for sUA and the sUA-based score were 0.627 (0.607, 0.647) and 0.760 (0.742, 0.777), respectively. A nomogram comprising independent risk factors was developed to predict the 5-year risk of hypertension for each subject.High sUA was significantly associated with the incidence of hypertension in non-MetS subjects adjusting for confounders.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Hiperuricemia , Ácido Úrico , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Ácido Úrico/análise , Ácido Úrico/sangue
3.
Int J Mol Med ; 41(3): 1283-1292, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29286068

RESUMO

Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)], a heptapeptide mainly generated from cleavage of AngⅠ and AngⅡ, possesses physiological and pharmacological properties, including anti­inflammatory and antidiabetic properties. Activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase and protein kinase B (PI3K̸Akt) signaling pathway has been confirmed to participate in cardioprotection against hyperglycaemia-induced injury. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that Ang-(1-7) protects H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells against high glucose (HG)-induced injury by activating the PI3K̸Akt pathway. To examine this hypothesis, H9c2 cells were treated with 35 mmol/l (mM) glucose (HG) for 24 h to establish a HG-induced cardiomyocyte injury model. The cells were co-treated with 1 µmol/l (µM) Ang-(1-7) and 35 mM glucose. The findings of the present study demonstrated that exposure of H9c2 cells to HG for 24 h markedly induced injury, as evidenced by an increase in the percentage of apoptotic cells, generation of reactive oxygen species and level of inflammatory cytokines, as well as a decline in cell viability and mitochondrial luminosity. These injuries were significantly attenuated by co-treatment of the cells with Ang-(1-7) and HG. In addition, PI3K̸Akt phosphorylation was suppressed by HG treatment, but this effect was abolished when the H9c2 cells were co-treated with Ang-(1-7) and HG. Furthermore, the cardioprotection of Ang-(1-7) against HG-induced injury in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts was highly attenuated in the presence of either D-Ala7-Ang-(1-7) (A-779, an antagonist of the Mas receptor) or LY294002 (an inhibitor of PI3K̸Akt). In conclusion, the present study provided new evidence that Ang-(1-7) protects H9c2 cardiomyoblasts against HG-induced injury by activating the PI3K̸Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Angiotensina I/farmacologia , Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/enzimologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/toxicidade , Inflamação/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
4.
J Hum Genet ; 62(12): 1065-1071, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28878336

RESUMO

We investigated the relationship between gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) gene polymorphisms and outcome of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). PCOS patients undergoing IVF-ET were selected, and infertile patients due to dysfunctional oviducts served as controls. GnRHR gene polymorphisms were detected using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Gene-gene interaction and linkage disequilibrium tests were performed using the SHEsis software. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate factors affecting outcome of patients undergoing IVF-ET. The PCOS group showed more patients with CC+CT genotypes rs12644822, rs3756159 and rs13138607 than the control group, and CC+CT genotypes and C alleles from three positions enhanced risk of PCOS. Patients with CC+CT genotypes from three positions exhibited increased serum luteinizing hormone (LH), LH/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone (T) and follicles than those with TT genotypes. The haplotype analysis indicated that CCC, CCT and TCC haplotypes increased the risk of PCOS, while TCT, TTC and TTT haplotypes lowered the risk. After IVF-ET treatment, patients with CC+CT genotypes of three positions in the GnRHR gene had a lower pregnancy rate than patients with TT genotypes. Logistic regression analysis indicated that CC+CT genotypes rs12644822, rs3756159 and rs13138607 were risk factor for patients undergoing IVF-ET. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate that CC+CT genotypes rs12644822C>T, rs3756159C>T and rs13138607C>T in the GnRHR gene may contribute to a decreased pregnancy rate for PCOS patients after IVF-ET.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Receptores LHRH/genética , Adulto , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
5.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 72(11): 1327-1334, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27488389

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether any of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the POR gene were significantly associated with CYP activity and expression, and could contribute to the total variability in stable warfarin maintenance doses in Han Chinese. METHODS: A total of 408 patients treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University were eligible for the study and had attained a stable warfarin maintenance dose at the start of the investigation. Demographics, warfarin maintenance doses, and concomitant medications were documented. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and genotyped for ten SNPs (CYP 2C9*2 and *3, CYP4F2 rs2108622, VKORC1 -1639C>T, and potential POR genes of rs10239977, rs3815455, rs41301394, rs56256515, rs1057868, and rs2286823) using the Sequenom MassARRAY genotyping system. RESULTS: A predictive model of warfarin maintenance dose was established and indicated that age, gender, body surface area, aspirin use, CYP2C9*3, CYP4F2 rs2108622, VKORC1 -1639C>T, and POR*37 831-35C>T accounted for 42.4 % of dose variance in patients undergoing anticoagulant treatment. The contribution of POR*37 831-35C>T to warfarin dose variation was only 3.9 %. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, the SNP POR*37 831-35C>T was confirmed as a minor but statistically significant factor associated with interindividual variation in warfarin maintenance dose in Han Chinese. The POR*37 gene polymorphism should be considered in future algorithms for faster and more reliable achievement of stable warfarin maintenance doses.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Modelos Biológicos , Varfarina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 25(10): 604-7, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24119697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory effect of microRNA-141 (miR-141) on expression of high mobility group protein B1(HMGB1) in human monocytes THP-1 cell line. METHODS: THP-1 cells were transfected with miR-141 mimic or inhibitor (100 nmol/L) for 48 hours with lipofectamine RNAi MAX. The levels of miR-141 and HMGB1 mRNA in the THP-1 cells were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitation reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and HMGB1 protein was determined with Western blotting. RESULTS: The levels of miR-141 could be up regulated (35.33±7.24 vs. 1.21±0.20, t=-8.408, P=0.010) or down regulated (0.55±0.12 vs 1.09±0.05, t=7.473, P=0.002) after being transfected with 100 nmol/L miR-141 mimic or inhibitor for 48 hours by lipofectamine RNAi MAX in THP-1, and the level of HMGB1 mRNA and protein decreased (mRNA: 0.43±0.06 vs. 0.97±0.08, t=9.760, P=0.001; protein: 0.63±0.12 vs. 1.00±0.11, t=2.991, P=0.040) or increased (mRNA: 2.13±0.11 vs. 1.16±0.13, t=-9.977, P=0.001; protein: 1.78±0.04 vs. 0.96±0.09, t=-13.778, P=0.000) simultaneously compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: miR-141 is involved in regulation of inflammation through HMGB1 gene and protein pathway, suggesting that miR-141 plays an important role in regulating immune cells during the inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Monócitos/citologia , Transfecção
7.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 62(3): 312-9, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23719092

RESUMO

MicroRNA (miR)-26 was found to be downregulated in cardiac diseases. In this study, the critical role of miR-26 in myocardial hypertrophy in both in vivo and in vitro was investigated. Sixteen male Wistar rats that underwent sham or transverse abdominal aortic constriction (TAAC) surgery were divided into control or TAAC group. Cardiomyocytes were isolated from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats. Our study demonstrated that miR-26a/b was downregulated in both TAAC rat model and cardiomyocytes. The results of luciferase assays also suggested that glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß) may be a direct target of miR-26. The overexpression of miR-26 attenuated GSK3ß expression and inhibited myocardial hypertrophy. The downregulation of miR-26 reversed these effects. Furthermore, silence of GSK3ß gene phenocopied the anti-hypertrophy effects of miR-26, whereas overexpression of this protein attenuated the effects of miR-26. Taken together, these data suggest that miR-26 regulates pathological structural changes in the rat heart, which may be associated with suppression of the GSK3ß signaling pathway, and implicate the potential application of miR-26 in diagnosis and therapy of cardiac hypertrophy.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Cardiomegalia/genética , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Cardiomegalia/terapia , Células Cultivadas , Terapia Genética , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/biossíntese , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/genética , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Regulação para Cima
8.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 47(9): 1153-8, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23227544

RESUMO

To observe the effect and mechanism of Yiqi Tongluo Jiedu capsule aganist cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury, the SD rats were randomly divided into following groups: sham-operated group, model group, the group of low, medium and high dose of Yiqi Tongluo Jiedu capsule, and nimodipine group. Using focal middle cerebral artery embolization (MCAO) model, following items were observed: symptoms of neurological deficit score; infarct volume; activity of SOD, content of MDA and NO, activity of NOS of ischemic brain tissue; Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression; content of IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNFalpha in serum; IL-1beta mRNA expression of ischemic brain tissue. Results showed that Yiqi Tongluo Jiedu capsule could significantly reduce the symptoms of neurological deficits, promote the recovery symptoms of neurological deficits; narrow infarct volume of brain tissue obviously, reduce the percentage of infarct volume; raise activity of SOD, reduce content of MDA and NO, reduce activity of NOS; increase Bcl-2 protein, reduce Bax expression; reduce content of IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNFa in serum; reduce IL-1beta mRNA expression of ischemic brain tissue. Yiqi Tongluo Jiedu capsule has significant protective effects against ischemic brain injury, it has significant anti-apoptotic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Cápsulas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Plantas Medicinais/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/sangue , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
9.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 30(3): 152-61, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21167013

RESUMO

AIMS: We evaluated effects of the nonpeptide angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) analog AVE 0991 (AVE) on cardiac function and remodeling as well as transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-ß1)/tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) expression in myocardial infarction rat models. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent either sham surgery or coronary ligation. They were divided into four groups: sham, control, AVE, and AVE+A-779 [[D-Ala(7) ]-ANG-(1-7), a selective antagonist for the ANG-(1-7)] group. After 4 weeks of treatment, the AVE group displayed a significant elevation in left ventricular fractional shorting (LVFS) (25.5 ± 7.3% vs. 18.4 ± 3.3%, P < 0.05) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (44.8 ± 7.6% vs. 32.7 ± 6.5%, P < 0.05) when compared to the control group, but no effects on the left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters (LVDd and LVDs, respectively) were observed. In addition, we found that the myocyte diameter (18 ± 2 µm vs. 22 ± 4 µm, P < 0.05), infarct size (42.6 ± 3.6% vs. 50.9 ± 4.4%, P < 0.001) and collagen volume fraction (CVF) (16.4 ± 2.2% vs. 25.3 ± 3.2%, P < 0.001) were significantly reduced in the AVE group when compared to the control group. There were no differences in LVFS, LVEF, myocyte diameter, and infarct size between the control and AVE+A-779 groups. AVE also markedly attenuated the increased mRNA expression of collagen I (P < 0.001) and collagen III (P < 0.001) and inhibited the overexpression of TGF-ß1 (P < 0.05) and TNF-α (P < 0.05) compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: AVE could improve cardiac function and attenuate ventricular remodeling in MI rat models. It may involve the inhibition of inflammatory factors TGF-ß1/TNF-α overexpression and the action on the specific receptor Mas of ANG-(1-7).


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio/patologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Angiotensina II/análogos & derivados , Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Animais , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Cardiomegalia/fisiopatologia , Cardiomegalia/prevenção & controle , Colágeno/genética , Colágeno/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Contração Miocárdica/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
10.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 38(6): 531-8, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21033136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) on postangioplasty fibrotic remodeling and the involvement of TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway in this process. METHODS: Thirty two healthy New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: sham group, control group, ANG-(1-7) group and ANG-(1-7) + A-779 group. Rabbits underwent angioplasty in the abdominal aorta or sham surgery. Subsequently, an osmotic minipump was implanted for saline, ANG-(1-7) (576 microg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) or ANG-(1-7) + A-779 (576 microg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) delivery. Before and after 4 weeks treatment, the levels of ANG II in plasma were measured by ELISA. At week 4, angiography and histomorphometric analysis were performed, mRNA levels of collagen I and III were assayed by RT-PCR and protein levels of TGF-beta1 and Smad2 in local vessel were assayed by Western blot. RESULTS: Following 4 weeks treatment, ANG-(1-7) and ANG-(1-7) + A-779 group displayed a significant elevation in lumen diameter [(4.11 +/- 0.10) mm and (3.34 +/- 0.11) mm vs. (2.88 +/- 0.08) mm, P < 0.05, respectively] and reduction in neointimal thickness [(208 +/- 17) microm and (407 +/- 25) microm vs. (448 +/- 15) microm, P < 0.05, respectively], neointimal area [(0.27 +/- 0.09) mm2 and (0.38 +/- 0.01) mm2 vs. (0.41 +/- 0.02) mm2, P < 0.05, respectively] and restenosis rate [(28.1 +/- 2.7)% and (36.8 +/- 2.2)% vs. (40.1 +/- 2.7)%, P < 0.05, respectively] compared with control group. Collagen I, III mRNA and TGF-beta1, Smad2 protein levels were significantly elevated in control group, ANG-(1-7) group and ANG-(1-7) +A-779 group compared to sham group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) and reduced in ANG-(1-7) group compared to control group (all P < 0.05). Co-treatment with A-779 reversed the inhibitory action of ANG-(1-7). Plasma levels of ANG II postangioplasty were similar in control and ANG-(1-7) group and both were significantly higher than preoperation levels. CONCLUSION: ANG-(1-7) attenuates postangioplasty collagen synthesis in rabbits possibly through down-regulating the expression of TGF-beta1 and inhibiting the activation of Smad2 pathway.


Assuntos
Angiotensina I/farmacologia , Aorta Abdominal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrose/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo III/metabolismo , Coelhos , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Smad2/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
11.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 62(2): 101-8, 2010 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20401443

RESUMO

The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) on inflammatory cells accumulation after focal cerebral ischemia and the underlying mechanism. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by 30 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 72 h of reperfusion. NDGA (5 and 10 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 30 min, 2, 24, 48 h after reperfusion, respectively. The brain injuries were observed by neurological and histological examination. Endogenous IgG exudation, neutrophils and macrophages/microglia accumulation, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) protein expression were determined by immunohistochemistry 72 h after reperfusion. ICAM-1 mRNA was determined by RT-PCR 72 h after reperfusion. The catalysates of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX), leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs), were evaluated by ELISA 3 h after reperfusion. The results showed that NDGA ameliorated neurological dysfunction, decreased infarct volume, and inhibited endogenous IgG exudation, neutrophils infiltration, ICAM-1 mRNA and protein expression 72 h after reperfusion. Moreover, NDGA reduced the levels of LTB4 and CysLTs 3 h after reperfusion. However, NDGA did not reduce the accumulation of macrophages/microglia 72 h after reperfusion. These results suggest that NDGA decreases neutrophil infiltration in the subacute phase of focal cerebral ischemia via inhibiting 5-LOX activation.


Assuntos
Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/farmacologia , Masoprocol/farmacologia , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Leucotrieno B4/metabolismo , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle
12.
Life Sci ; 86(5-6): 170-7, 2010 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20006627

RESUMO

AIMS: We previously reported that minocycline attenuates acute brain injury and inflammation after focal cerebral ischemia, and this is partly mediated by inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) expression. Here, we determined the protective effect of minocycline on chronic ischemic brain injury and its relation with the inhibition of 5-LOX expression after focal cerebral ischemia. MAIN METHODS: Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by 90 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion for 36 days. Minocycline (45 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 2h and 12h after ischemia and then every 12h for 5 days. Sensorimotor function was evaluated 1-28 days after ischemia and cognitive function was determined 30-35 days after ischemia. Thereafter, infarct volume, neuron density, astrogliosis, and 5-LOX expression in the brain were determined. KEY FINDINGS: Minocycline accelerated the recovery of sensorimotor and cognitive functions, attenuated the loss of neuron density, and inhibited astrogliosis in the boundary zone around the ischemic core, but did not affect infarct volume. Minocycline significantly inhibited the increased 5-LOX expression in the proliferated astrocytes in the boundary zone, and in the macrophages/microglia in the ischemic core. SIGNIFICANCE: Minocycline accelerates functional recovery in the chronic phase of focal cerebral ischemia, which may be partly associated with the reduction of 5-LOX expression.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase , Minociclina/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Agnosia/etiologia , Agnosia/prevenção & controle , Animais , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrócitos/enzimologia , Astrócitos/patologia , Encéfalo/enzimologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/enzimologia , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Contagem de Células , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Crônica , Imuno-Histoquímica , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/enzimologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/enzimologia , Microglia/patologia , Minociclina/administração & dosagem , Minociclina/farmacologia , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/enzimologia , Neurônios/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
13.
Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr ; 59(Pt 9): 1674-5, 2003 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12925810

RESUMO

CcmG/DsbE is a typical thiol/disulfide oxidoreductase, exhibiting a specific reducing activity in a highly oxidizing environment, and is involved in electron transfer during the maturation of c-type cytochromes. Escherichia coli CcmG/DsbE (residues 19-185) has been crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion technique. The crystals belong to the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 35.48, b = 48.52, c = 84.78 A. X-ray data have been collected to 1.9 A resolution.


Assuntos
Cristalização/métodos , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Proteína Dissulfeto Redutase (Glutationa)/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Proteína Dissulfeto Redutase (Glutationa)/genética , Proteína Dissulfeto Redutase (Glutationa)/isolamento & purificação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA