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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(36): 2825-2830, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587723

RESUMO

An expert consensus on coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) was released by the American Association for Thoracic Surgery in May 2021, which contains a vast array of perioperative recommendations. During preoperative period, a comprehensive assessment on ICM including myocardial viability and valve function by a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) approach should be performed. In terms of intraoperative period, multiple arterial conduits and on-pump CABG using cold blood cardioplegia should be considered, meanwhile, other aspects involving concomitant management of mitral valve regurgitation and arrythmia, as well as active use of mechanical cardiac assist devices (e.g., intra-aortic balloon pump) should also be achieved. Finally, a range of postoperative interventions which includes standardized MDT management in intensive care unit (ICU), continuous use of cardiac assist devices, cardiac pacing, close follow-up within 90 days and drug treatment strictly guided by the guidelines after discharge from hospital should be conducted. The above-mentioned perioperative bundled care might reduce perioperative complications and operative mortality, and thus improve the prognosis of the patients with ICM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Cirurgia Torácica , Consenso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
2.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(8): 545-553, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420286

RESUMO

Objective: To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester. Methods: A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted. A total of 154 singletons pregnant women with cesarean scar pregnancy during the second trimester induced abortion by various reasons in 12 tertiary A hospitals were selected, their pregnant outcomes were observed and the risk factors of serious adverse outcomes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logstic regression; the role of ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta and severe adverse outcomes was evaluated, the effectiveness of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in preventing hemorrhage in pregnant women with and without placenta accreta was compared. Results: Among 154 subjects, the rate of placenta accreta was 42.2% (65/154), the rate of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml was 39.0% (60/154), the rate of hysterectomy was 14.9% (23/154), the rate of uterine rupture was 0.6% (1/154). The risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml and hysterectomy was placenta accreta (P<0.01). For each increase in the number of parity, the risk of placenta accreta increased 2.385 times (95%CI: 1.046-5.439; P=0.039); and the risk of placenta accreta decreased with increasing ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness (OR=0.033, 95%CI: 0.001-0.762; P=0.033). The amount of postpartum hemorrhage and hysterectomy rate in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound combined with MRI were not significantly different from those in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound only or MRI only (all P>0.05). For pregnant women with placenta accreta, there were no significant difference in the amount of bleeding and hysterectomy rate between the UAE group [median: 1 300 ml; 34% (16/47)] and the non-embolization group (all P>0.05); in pregnant women without placenta accreta, the amount of bleeding in the UAE group was lower than that in the non-embolization group (median: 100 vs 600 ml; P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in hysterectomy rate [2% (1/56) vs 9% (3/33); P>0.05]. Conclusions: (1) Placenta accreta is the only risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml with hysterectomy for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester; multi-parity and ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness are risk factors for placenta accreta. (2) The technique of using ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta of cesarean scar pregnancy needs to be improved. (3) It is necessary to discuss of UAE in preventing postpartum hemorrhage for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.


Assuntos
Placenta Acreta , Embolização da Artéria Uterina , Cicatriz , Feminino , Humanos , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Acreta/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(31): 2465-2470, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399561

RESUMO

Objective: To establish the standard operation procedure (SOP) for detection of oligoclonal band (OCB) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and verify consistency by using this SOP in different laboratories. Methods: The SOP for detection of CSF-OCB fluid was successfully established by an expert feedback approach. Neuroimmunology laboratories in 3 representative Chinese three-tier research hospitals were selected for this study, and commercially available protein electrophoresis automation systems and detection SOP were set up. The quality control product was provided by the College of American Pathologists (CAP) and Sebiacompany were used for interior quality and compared to each other, respectively. Seventeen serum and CSF paired samples were tested and compared using the same SOP. Kappa test or Kendall W test were adopted to evaluate the inter-laboratory consistency among different hospitals. Results: The results of repeated testings in a single hospital suggested that the 2-and 4-fold dilution for CSF-OCB were reported as positive, while 64-and 128-fold dilution were reported as negative. Positive or negative inconsistencies were reported in 8-, 16-, and 32-fold dilution. After increasing the number of repetitions, the results showed that both 16-and 32-fold dilution were reported as negative, and 8-fold dilution exhibited negative results (2 positive results for 40 repetitions, coincidence rate=95%).The results of multi-center inter-laboratory quality assessment showed that the detection consistency rate among 3 hospitals was 100% (Kappa value =1). Conclusions: The SOP to detect CSF-OCB established in this study demonstrates a good repeatability and stability. Therefore,such SOP would be a good reference for diagnostic laboratories to detect CSF-OCB in China.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla , Bandas Oligoclonais , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Laboratórios , Soro
4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 480-486, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384154

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the genetic landscape of multiple fusion genes in patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and investigate the characteristics of immunophenotypes and mutations. Methods: The results of multiple fusion genes from 4192 patients with de novo AML were retrospectively analyzed from 2016 to 2020. In addition, the immunophenotypical data and the mutational results from high-through put method were statistically investigated and correlated as well. Results: ①Among the 52 targets, 29 different types of fusion genes were detected in 1948 patients (46.47%) with AML, which demonstrated an "exponential distribution" . ② As the age increased, the number of patients with fusion gene increased first and then decreased gradually. The total incidence rate of fusion genes and MLL rearrangment in children were significantly higher than those in adults (69.18% vs 44.76%, 15.35% vs 8.36%) . ③The mutations involving FLT3 and RAS signaling pathway contributed most in patients with MLL rearrangment. ④No specific immunophenotypic characteristics were found in AML patients with MLL or NUP98 rearrangements. Conclusion: Nearly half of AML patients were accompanied by specific fusion gene expression, the proportions of different fusion genes in pediatric and adults patients were different by multiple PCR. The gene mutations and immunophenotype of these AML patients have certain rules.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , Criança , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 460-466, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential effectiveness of different screening strategies for cardiovascular diseases prevention in a community-based Chinese population from economically developed area of China. METHODS: Totally 202 179 adults aged 40 to 74 years without cardiovascular diseases at baseline (January 1, 2010) were enrolled from the Chinese electronic health records research in Yinzhou (CHERRY) study. Three scenarios were considered: the screening strategy based on risk charts recommended by the 2020 Chinese guideline on the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in Chinese adults aged 40-74 years (Strategy 1); the screening strategy based on the prediction for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in China (China-PAR) models recommended by the 2019 Guideline on the assessment and management of cardiovascular risk in China in Chinese adults aged 40-74 years (Strategy 2); and the screening strategy based on the China-PAR models in Chinese adults aged 50-74 years (Strategy 3). According to the guidelines, individuals who were classified into medium- or high-risk groups after cardiovascular risk assessment by the corresponding strategies would be introduced to lifestyle intervention, while high-risk population would take medication in addition. Markov model was used to simulate different screening scenarios for 10 years (cycles), using parameters mainly from the CHERRY study, as well as published data, Meta-analyses and systematic reviews for Chinese populations. The life year gained, quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained, number of cardiovascular disease events/deaths could be prevented and number needed to be screened (NNS) were calculated to compare the effectiveness between the different strategies. One-way sensitivity analysis on uncertainty of cardiovascular disease incidence rate and probabilistic sensitivity analysis on uncertainty of distributions for the hazard ratios were conducted. RESULTS: Compared with non-screening strategy, QALYs gained were 1 433 [95% uncertainty interval (UI): 969-1 831], 1 401 (95%UI: 936-1 807), and 716 (95%UI: 265-1 111) for the Strategies 1, 2, and 3; and the NNS per QALY in the above strategies were 141 (95%UI: 110-209), 144 (95%UI: 112-216), and 198 (95%UI: 127-529), respectively. The Strategies 1 and 2 based on different guidelines showed similar effectiveness, while more benefits were found for screening using China-PAR models in adults aged 40-74 years than those aged 50-74 years. The results were consistent in the sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSION: Screening for cardiovascular diseases in Chinese adults aged above 40 years seems effective in coastal developed areas of China, and the different screening strategies based on risk charts by the 2020 Chinese guideline on the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases or China-PAR models by the 2019 Guideline on the assessment and management of cardiovascular risk in China may have similar effectiveness.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Prevenção Primária , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(6): 575-581, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139829

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current status and influencing factors of kinesiophobia in adult burn patients. Methods: A single center cross-sectional research method was conducted. A total of 170 adult burn patients, meeting the inclusion criteria, were admitted to the Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns of the West China Hospital of Sichuan University from October 2018 to December 2019. On admission, the self-made general information questionnaire was used to investigate the gender, age, education level, marital status, payment method of medical expenses, injury factors, and total burn area of patients. One month after admission or before discharge, the presence and degree of kinesiophobia of patients were evaluated by the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), their pain degrees (results averaged) at the time of burn, debridement and dressing change, after burn operation, and at rest were evaluated by the Visual Analogue Scale, their social support levels were evaluated by the Social Support Revalued Scale, and their degrees of anxiety and depression were evaluated by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. According to the TSK score, the patients with score >37 points were included into kinesiophobia group, and the patients with score ≤37 points were included into non-kinesiophobia group. The general information of patients in the two groups, as well as the pain score, social support level score, anxiety score, and depression score mentioned above, were recorded. Data of patients between the two groups were statistically analyzed with unifactor analysis including chi-square test, independent sample t test, and Mann-Whitney U test. The factors with statistically significant differences in unifactor analysis were used as variables for multivariate logistic regression analysis to screen out the independent influencing factors of kinesiophobia in adult burn patients. Results: Questionnaires and scales of 170 patients were collected, and the recovery rate was 100%. The data of two patients complicated with cranial fracture aggravation were removed, and 168 valid data were obtained, with the effective rate of 98.82%. Among the 168 patients, 88 were male (52.38%) and 80 were female (47.62%), aged from 18 to 71 (41±6) years. Most of the patients had secondary school education or below, were married, and with no out-of-pocket medical expenses. The main factors of injury were flame and hydrothermal fluid, and the total burn area was 2%-75% ((28±5)%) total body surface area. The TSK score was (41±5) points, the pain score was 4.0 (2.6, 7.0) points, the social support level score was (40±5) points, the anxiety score was 8.5 (7.0, 13.0) points, and the depression score was 9.5 (6.5, 12.0) points. A total of 98 patients had kinesiophobia, and the incidence of kinesiophobia was 58.33%. There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, educational level, marital status, or injury factors of patients between kinesiophobia group and non-kinesiophobia group (P>0.05). The percentage of out-of-pocket expenses, total burn area, pain score, anxiety score, and depression score of patients in kinesiophobia group were significantly higher than those in non-kinesiophobia group (χ2=6.402, t=2.39, Z=-8.05, -6.68, -7.89, P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the social support level score of patients in kinesiophobia group was significantly lower than that in non-kinesiophobia group (t=5.22, P<0.01). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that total burn area, pain score, social support level score, anxiety score, and depression score were the independent influencing factors for the development of kinesiophobia in adult burn patients (odds ratio=0.79, 1.45, 0.78, 1.15, 1.17, 95% confidence interval=0.80-0.92, 1.24-1.74, 0.65-0.91, 1.06-1.29, 1.03-1.24, P<0.01). Conclusions: The incidence of kinesiophobia in adult burn patients is high, and the degree of kinesiophobia is mainly affected by total burn area, pain, social support level, anxiety and depression degrees, and so on. Thus these factors should be taken into consideration when designing interventions to reduce the incidence and degree of kinesiophobia.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Adulto , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente
7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 664003, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995088

RESUMO

Theabrownin (TB), a natural compound present in the fresh leaves of green tea, is a potential antitumor agent. However, so far whether and how TB affects glioma is unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of TB on astroglioma and oligodendroglioma cells. Surprisingly, TB significantly reduced the viabilities of HOG and U251 cells in a dose-dependent manner, which was accompanied by the upregulation of active-Casp-3, Bax, and PTEN; meanwhile, the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 was downregulated. In addition, TB treatment induced cell cycle arrest at the G1 and G2/M phases in HOG and U251 cells, respectively. TB treatment caused the downregulating of c-myc, cyclin D, CDK2, and CDK4 and upregulating of p21 and p27 in the HOG cell, while TB increased P53, p21, and p27 levels and decreased the levels of cell cycle regulator proteins such as CDK and cyclin A/B in the U251 cells. Therefore, the c-myc- and P53-related mechanisms were proposed for cell cycle arrest in these two glioma cell lines, respectively. Overall, our findings indicated that TB could be a novel candidate drug for the treatment of gliomas.

8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 308-312, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979975

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features, bone marrow features, and gene mutations of children with familial platelet disorder with predisposition to myeloid leukemia (FPD/AML) caused by a RUNX1 germline mutation as well as their family members. Methods: The clinical data and gene mutations of a child with FPD/AML hospitalized in the Pediatric Blood Disease Center, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, and some family members were extracted and analyzed. The literature was searched using "RUNX1 germline mutation" and "FPD/AML" as keywords in the Chinese databases; also PubMed was reviewed until September 2020. Results: A male patient aged 5 with dermatorrhagia was admitted due to thrombocytopenia for more than 3 years. The laboratory tests revealed a peripheral blood routine (WBC 6.38×10(9)/L, HGB 113 g/L, PLT 54×10(9)/L, NEUT 4.03×10(9)/L, and MPV 9.1 fl) . Bone marrow smear revealed dysplasia of megakaryocytes. The immunohistochemistry for CD42b and CD41 highlighted small mononuclear megakaryocytes. Second generation sequencing revealed RUNX1 (exon3:c.520delC: p.R174Efs*10, NM_001001890) frameshift mutations, and its germline mutation was verified via genetic detection of oral epithelial cells. Five members of the family had blood diseases and successively died. The child's mother and maternal grandfather were sequenced for the second generation, and RUNX1 frameshift mutation was detected in the same locus as the child. However, the clinical features among them were different. A total of 37 English literatures were retrieved, and more than 70 FPD/AML families were reported. No relevant Chinese literature was retrieved. Conclusion: Runx1 germline mutations cause FPD/AML with a high risk of progression to myeloid malignancy. Family members carrying the same mutations may exhibit different clinical features and severity.


Assuntos
Transtornos Herdados da Coagulação Sanguínea , Transtornos Plaquetários , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transtornos Plaquetários/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem
9.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(3): 229-235, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706456

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the three-dimensional distribution of functional sinus node, right phrenic nerve and superior vena cava(SVC)-right atrial muscle sleeves by three-dimensional electrophysiological technique in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and to investigate the efficacy and safety of segmental radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for isolation of superior vena cava in these patients. Methods: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 136 AF patients who underwent first RFCA in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2018 to June 2019 and all patients underwent SVC isolation under sinus rhythm. Baseline clinical data of patients were collected. The functional sinus node was defined by activation mapping, pacing was guided by three-dimensional mapping (Carto) system, localization of the right phrenic nerve was defined by pacing map, the superior vena cava-right atrial muscle sleeves was determined according to the change of potential during SVC isolation, segmental RFCA was performed for SVC isolation, the three-dimensional distribution of functional sinus node, right phrenic nerve and superior vena cava(SVC)-right atrial muscle sleeves was determined by three-dimensional electrophysiological technique. Immediate SVC isolation was achieved in all patients. Patients were evaluated immediately after RFCA and patients were followed at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after RFCA. Holter monitoring was performed every 3 months, the chest radiograph and the SVC ultrasonic examination were performed every 6 months after RFCA. Postoperative complications were assessed. Results: The mean age of the 136 patients with AF was (51.6±14.2) years, 86 (63.2%) were male, 98 cases (72.1%) were paroxysmal AF and 38 cases (27.9%) were persistent AF. Right atrium activation mapping revealed that 17 (12.5%) functional sinus node were located in the SVC, 78 (57.4%) were located at the SVC-right atrium junctions, 41 (30.1%) were located below the junction level. From the head to foot view, 83 (61.0%) functional sinus node were located at the anterior lateral segment of the SVC-right atrium three-dimensional reconstruction model, 34 (25.0%) located at the posterior lateral segment, 15 (11.0%) located at the anterior wall, 4 (2.9%) located at posterior wall or anterior septum. A total of 294 SVC muscle sleeves were detected among all patients, 94 (32.0%) SVC muscle sleeves were located at the anterior septum of the SVC-right atrium three-dimensional reconstruction model, 76 (25.9%) were located at the posterior septum, 21(7.1%) were located at the posterior free wall, 11 (3.7%) were located at the posterior lateral, 27 (9.2%) were located at anterior lateral wall and 65 (22.1%) were located at the anterior free wall. Right phrenic nerve positioned relatively fix, 133 (97.8%) were located at the lateral segment of the SVC-right atrium three-dimensional reconstruction model, 3 (2.2%) were located at the anterior free wall. Sinus rhythm and SVC isolation were successfully restored immediately after RFCA, no significant SVC stenosis, right phrenic nerve palsy and functional sinus node injury occurred immediately post procedure. All patients were followed up for (11.2±3.6) months and none had postoperative complication. Conclusions: Three-dimensional electrophysiological can determine the spatial location of functional sinus node, right phrenic nerve and SVC-right atrial sleeves. On this basis, segmental RFCA is a safe and effective method to achieve complete isolation of SVC.

10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(2): 880-889, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between neuropsychiatric status and blood neurotransmitter in lead workers, and to provide theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of lead workers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study applied cross-sectional survey, 74 occupational lead exposed workers in a battery factory in a city of Hebei province were selected as the lead exposed group, and 62 workers (non-lead workers) were selected as the control group. The occupational health symptoms questionnaire and health examination and POMS (Profile of Mood State, POMS) emotional test questionnaire were applied to investigate the nearly emotional status of the studied objects, ICP-MS was used to determine the blood lead level of all subjects, HPLC (High performance liquid chromatography, HPLC) was applied to determine the concentration of neurotransmitter in peripheral blood of all studied subjects, and all results were applied the Pearson's correlation analysis. RESULTS: The blood lead concentration of the lead workers group (163.23±40.77 ug/L) was significantly higher than that in the control group (43.62±14.50 ug/L), and the difference was statistically significant. From the analysis of neuropsychiatric status, the neurological symptoms in the lead workers group were higher than that in the control group, among which the symptoms of sleep disturbance, dizziness, fatigue, numbness of limbs and dampness and coldness of limbs were more obvious. Among the symptoms of digestive system, the incidence of abdominal pain, abdominal distension, constipation and nausea and vomiting were higher. According to the POMS emotion questionnaire, the scores of 5 negative emotions and 1 positive emotion in the lead exposure group were higher than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant. Related to the control group, the concentration of neurotransmitters such as DA, 5-HT, GABA, Gly, Trp and Glu were statistically decreased, p<0.001. There was a negative correlation between neurotransmitters in peripheral blood and blood lead levels in lead workers, among which 5-HT had the greatest correlation with lead levels (r=-0.569, p<0.001). 5-HT and Trp were significantly correlated with tension-anxiety (T), depression-depression (D), anger-hostility (A), Vigor-hyperactivity (V), fatigue-inertia (F), and confusion-confusion (C). 5-HT, Trp and GABA were significantly correlated with the survey symptoms, among which, the sleep disorder, constipation and fatigue had most significantly positive correlation with 5-HT or Trp, r-value was respectively 0.373, 0.233 and 0.563. CONCLUSIONS: Lead exposure not only causes the alteration of neuropsychiatric behavior of lead workers, but also changes gastrointestinal symptoms. Serotonin may be involved as the main neurotransmitter synthesized in intestinal, and the synthesis and metabolism may be regulated by intestinal flora.


Assuntos
Chumbo/sangue , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Neurotransmissores/sangue , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Serotonina/sangue , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Tontura/psicologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Chumbo/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Náusea/psicologia , Neurotransmissores/metabolismo , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Serotonina/metabolismo , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vômito/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(11): 910-914, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256274

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. Currently, hepatectomy, radiofrequency ablation, interventional therapy, and so on are widely used in the treatment of liver cancer; however the 5-year survival rate of patients is still very poor. The onset of liver cancer is insidious, and most patients do not have the opportunity to undergo surgery when they are initially diagnosed. In addition, patients with advanced liver cancer lack effective treatment, which is mainly due to chronic inflammation of the liver. Immunotherapy has great potential advantages in the treatment of liver cancer, so it has attracted more and more researchers' attention. Importantly, with the development of biomedical science into the era of precision medicine, more precise and effective immunotherapy strategies for HCC treatment have been explored, thus bringing new hope to HCC patients. This article reviews the research status and progress of liver cancer immunotherapy in the context of precision medicine.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , China , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Medicina de Precisão
12.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(11): 896-902, 2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333691

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the predictive role of ETV6-RUNX1 fusion gene in protocol CCLG-ALL-2008 as well as identify the prognostic factors that influence the outcome of ALL with ETV6-RUNX1 fusion gene. Methods: One hundred and seventy-eight patients newly diagnosed with pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia with ETV6-RUNX1 rearrangement from April 2008 to April 2015 were enrolled in CCLG-ALL-2008. The follow up period ended in July 2018; we performed retrospective analyses of their data to determine the efficacy of the regimen and the prognostic factors. Results: The median age of the study population (178 pediatric patients) , including 100 boys and 78 girls was 4 (1-13) y, and the median white blood cell count at diagnosis was 9.46 (1.25-239.83) ×10(9)/L. Three patients died, and 1 was lost to follow up by the end of the first induction chemotherapy, resulting in an induced remission rate of 97.8% (174/178) . The cumulative incidence of relapse was 15.9% with a median follow up of 73.5 mon. Total 83.3% of the relapse cases were those of isolated bone marrow relapse, while 79.2% of the cases were those of late relapse. The median interval time between relapse and first complete remission was 35.5 mon (range, 1-62 months) . One of the 5 patients with early recurrence and 7 of the 19 with late recurrence cases survived. The 5-year-OS and 5-year-EFS of ETV6-RUNX1 positive children was (89.4±2.4) % and (82.1±6.9) %, respectively. The estimated 10-year-OS and 10-year-EFS of ETV6-RUNX1 positive children was (88.6±2.5) % and (77.3±4.0) %, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to estimate and compare the survival. Univariate statistical analysis showed that poor prognostic factors that influenced survival included central nervous system state 2 at diagnosis, poor prednisone response, high risk, gene positivity after induction chemotherapy, as well as MRD positivity and gene positivity at the 12(th) week. In the multivariate analysis, only the central nervous system state 2 at diagnosis and MRD positivity at the 12(th) week were associated with the outcome. Conclusion: ETV6-RUNX1-positive ALL is a subgroup with a favorable prognosis as per the CCLG-ALL-2008 protocol. Patients with ETV6-RUNX1 should be given more intensive therapy, including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation when they are CNS2 at diagnosis or have high level of MRD at the 12(th) week after treatment.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(12): 1143-1153, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342130

RESUMO

Objective: To study the significance of induction chemotherapy and subsequent comprehensive therapy for overall survival rate (OS) and larynx dysfunction-free survival rate (LDFS) in patients with advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: Patients who met the inclusion criteria with the diagnoses of advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma between 2011 and 2017 received 2 or 3 cycles of TPF regimen induction chemotherapy. Patients who attained complete response (CR) received radical chemotherapy. Patients who attained partial response (PR) and the reduction of tumor volume was more than 70% were defined as large PR and received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. When the tumor volume reduction of PR patients was less than 70%, they were defined as small PR. (CR+large PR) group was defined as effective group. Patients who did not reach CR and large PR were defined as uneffective group and underwent radical surgery and received adjuvant radiotherapy as appropriate after the surgery. The end points of the study were OS, progression-free survival (PFS) and LDFS. Chi-square (χ(2)) test was used for correlation analysis. Survival analysis was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method with a Log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate and multivariate survival analysis. Results: A total of 260 patients were enrolled in the study. The follow-up period ranged from 5 to 83 months, with an average of 24.7 months. The 3-year and 5-year OS rate was 46.0% and 32.6%, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year PFS rate was 41.0% and 26.6%, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year LDFS rate was 37.9% and 24.8%, respectively. Poor outcome of induction chemotherapy, advanced N stage, strong positive Ki-67 immunohistochemistry (all P<0.001) were negative prognostic factors. The advanced clinical stage was positively related to the poor outcome of induction chemotherapy (P=0.015). There was no significant difference in OS and PFS between the large PR group and the small PR group (all P>0.005). Conclusion: TPF regimen induction chemotherapy and subsequent comprehensive therapy for patients with advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma may improve the quality of life of patients, with high OS rate and LDFS rate.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Quimiorradioterapia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(10): 859-865, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076624

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the electrophysiological characteristics and the therapeutic efficacy of irrigated-tip catheter radiofrequency ablation(RFA) without radiation for pregnant women with focal atrial tachycardia(AT) originating from the right atrial appendage (RAA). Methods: Data from 55 women with focal AT, who underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2016 to March 2019, were screened. 2 non-pregnant women with right atrial appendage tachycardia (RAAT) and 4 pregnant women with non-RAAT were excluded. The remaining 49 cases were divided into RAAT during pregnancy group (n=6, including 4 cases of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy) and non-pregnant and non-RAAT group (control, n=43). Under the guidance of three-dimensional mapping system, the earliest activation site was identified, RFA with the irrigated catheter without x-ray fluoroscopy was performed in RAAT patients during pregnancy, all patients in control group underwent non-zero-ray ablation. Patients were followed up at 3, 6, 12 months post procedure, and yearly follow up thereafter in outpatient clinic. Electrocardiogram or Holter monitoring was performed during follow up. AT recurrence and surgical complications were recorded during follow up. At 6 months after RFA, echocardiography examination and laboratory examination including N-terminal B-type brain natriuretic peptide measurement were performed in the pregnant patients, delivery results were also recorded in the pregnant patients. The electrophysiological characteristics of RAAT during pregnancy were analyzed, the therapeutic efficacy of RFA was compared between the two groups. Results: This study is a retrospective study. Age ((30.7±6.2)years vs. (57.2±11.7)years), left ventricular ejection fraction ((46.0±12.8)% vs. (60.1±5.9)%), proportions of organic heart disease (0% vs. 58%) were significantly lower in the RAAT patients during pregnancy group than in control group (P<0.05), while proportions of patients with persistent tachycardia (100% vs. 7%), symptoms of chest distress and palpitation (6/6 vs. 49%) and left ventricular ejection farction≤50% (4/6 vs. 9%) were significantly higher in RAAT group than in control group (P<0.05), heart rate was similar between the two groups ((163.7±11.1)beats/minutes vs. (153.7±15.2)beats/minutes, P>0.05). The characteristic P-wave morphology was observed in RAAT patients during pregnancy, i.e, P wave was mostly upright (5/6) in inferior-leads (Ⅱ, Ⅲ, aVF) and in lead I and aVL, deep and wide negative P wave was found in V1 lead (5/6), and gradually became positive from V2-V6. The mean tachycardia cycle length was (361.7±38.5) ms. Three-dimensional mapping showed that the origin points of the 6 RAAT pregnant patients were all scattered in the local region, the local region was ablated accordingly, 2 patients (2/6) received extensive ablation of local areas. Immediate successful rate was similar between the two groups (6/6 vs. 93%). During follow up ((15.3±4.0) months), no complications were observed after RFA, postoperative recurrence rate was similar (1/6 vs. 12%). Uncomplicated delivery was reported in all 6 pregnant RAAT post ablation. Normal cardiac structure and function was observed in the 4 pregnant patients with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy post ablation. Compared to pre-ablation phase, reduced left atrial dimension ((30.3±1.3) mm vs. (36.8±6.7) mm, P>0.05), increased left ventricular ejection fraction ((64.0±2.9)% vs. (39.8±10.7)%), reduced left ventricular end-diastolic dimension ((44.8±4.0) mm vs. (60.0±2.9) mm) and reduced N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide value ((136.2±47.5) ng/L vs. (3 408.4±901.3) ng/L) were observed at 6 months post ablation (P<0.05). Conclusion: The electrophysiological characteristics are suggestive for focal AT originating from RAA during pregnancy. Under the guidance of 3-dimension activation mapping, no fluoroscopic RFA with irrigated-tip catheter is a safe and effective strategy for the treatment of focal RAAT during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Taquicardia , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(9): 707-712, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878418

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of placement of S(2) alar iliac screw (S(2)AI) using free-hand technique for sacrapelvic fusion in lumbar degenerative scoliosis. Methods: Eighteen patients with Lumbar Degenerative Scoliosis treated by S(2)AI screw fixation at Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Southern Theater Command of People's Liberation Army and Department of Orthopedics, 89th hospital of People's Liberation Army from August 2014 to October 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 5 males and 13 females, aged 63.2 years old (range:55 to 71 years old).Parameters of spine including: Cobb Angle, C(7) plumb line -center sacral vertical line (C(7)PL-CSVL), lumbar lordosis(LL), sagittal vertical axis(SVA), pelvic incidence(PI), pelvic tilt(PT), sacral slope (SS) and pI-LL were measured on the whole spine X-ray before operation and at final follow-up. Pelvic CT scan was performed postoperatively to assess the accuracy of S(2)AI placement. Oswestry disability Index (ODI) was also recorded. The data were compared by paired t test or Wilcoxon tests. Results: All patients were followed up for 23.7 months (range: 12~62 months).At the last follow up, Cobb Angle decreased from (32.28±4.97) °preoperative to (6.56±3.20) ° (t=41.142, P<0.01) and C(7)PL-CSVL deceased from (1.11±2.07) cm preoperative to (0.18±1.08) cm (t=41.142, P=0.06) .LL improved from (-22.39±13.07) °preoperative to (-36.39±4.29) ° (t=4.470, P<0.01) , PI-LL decreased from (26.83±14.83)°preoperative to (13.72±8.3)° (t=4.396, P<0.01) , PT decreased from (27.94±4.26) °to (23.39±6.08) ° (t=2.680, P=0.02) , and SS increased from (22.22±6.36) °to (26.28±7.24) ° (t=-2.178, P=0.04) .SVA decreased from (6.54±4.51) cm preoperative to (2.62±1.29) cm (t=3.052, P=0.01) .ODI decreased from 0.58(0.40) (M(Q(R))) to 0.18 (0.15) (Z=-4.567, P<0.01) .No complications such as nerve and blood vessel injury occurred during the operation. A total of 32 S(2)AI screws were placed, 3 screws were placed with mild to moderate cortical breaches, 2 were perforated the pelvis ventrally, 1 was perforated posteriorly, with no clinically notable neurovascular or visceral complications. Eight patients finished the SRS-22 questionnaire, with mean score of 4.4 in terms of satisfaction with management. Conclusions: Free-hand technique of S(2)AI screw placement for sacrapelvic fusion in degenerative lumbar scoliosis is safe and feasible.S(2)AI fixation in DLS can provide great correction of deformity, maintain the stability of lumbo-pelvic area and improve the clinical symptoms.


Assuntos
Ílio/cirurgia , Sacro/cirurgia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Idoso , Animais , Parafusos Ósseos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 807-812, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987459

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) in children. Methods: The data of 29 children diagnosed as MPAL in the Pediatric Blood Disease Center, Institute of Hematology & Blood Disease Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2005 to December 1, 2019 were collected retrospectively. The morphology, immunophenotypes, cytogenetics, molecular biological characteristics, induction chemotherapy regimen, and prognosis were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier Method was used to draw survival curve. Log-Rank was used for univariate analysis. Results: (1) Among 29 MPAL cases, there were 1 case with KMT2A rearrangement, 1 case with BCR-ABL1, 13 cases with B/myeloid(B-M) type, 12 cases with T/myeloid(T-M) type and 2 cases with acute undifferentiated leukemia. (2) The common immunophenotypes were CD33 (23 cases, 79%), CD34 (25 cases, 86%) and HLA-DR (20 cases, 69%), and CD19 was positive in 17 cases (59%). (3) In molecular genetics analysis, 8 cases were detected to have abnormal gene fusion, including 1 case with MLL-AF4 fusion gene, 1 case with BCR-ABL1 fusion gene, 3 cases with TEL-AML1 fusion gene, 2 cases with WT1 and 1 case with FLT3-ITD. (4) In cytogenetics analysis, 27 cases obtained chromosome karyotypes, including 14 cases with abnormal karyotypes and 10 cases were complex karyotypes. (5) In treatment efficacy analysis, 27 cases received induction chemotherapy and the complete remission(CR) rate was 85%(23/27).The 5-year disease free survival(DFS) rate was (71±10)% and 5-year overall survival(OS) rate was (74±10)%. Thirteen of 14 cases received acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) induction therapy achieved CR, while 10 of 12 cases received hybrid induction therapy achieved CR. No significant difference was found in 5 year-OS rates between cases with ALL induction therapy and hybrid induction therapy ((77±15)% vs. (80±13)%, χ²=0.027,P=0.870). Conclusions: MPAL is a rare childhood leukemia and is prone to incorporate complex karyotypes. Induction therapy with ALL or hybrid regimens is a good choice to obtain favorable prognosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Doença Aguda , Criança , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 701-704, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging examination (MRI) for the local detecting of muscle invasive bladder cancer following transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). METHODS: Retrospective study identified 55 patients with pathology-proven bladder cancer who underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor followed by 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging between September 2012 and April 2019 in our hospital. Two radiologists reviewed pelvic magnetic resonance imaging together and judged muscle invasive bladder cancer. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated for the presence of muscle invasion by T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) only, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) only and T2WI+DWI compared with the findings at radical cystectomy as the reference standard. RESULTS: Of the 55 patients with pathological results from radical cystectomy, 3.64% (2/55) had no residual disease; 29.09% (16/55) were non-muscle invasive bladder cancer on pathology, including 13 cases in T1 and 3 cases in Ta; 34.55% (19/55) were in stage T2 depending on pathology, 25.45% (14/55) in T3, and 7.27% (4/55) in T4. The average age was 60.76 years, ranging from 42 to 82 years. There were 48 males and 7 females in our study. Before pelvic MRI examination, all the patients received transurethral resection of bladder tumor, including 16 cases taking the operation in our hospital and 39 cases in other hospitals. The interval between the pelvic MRI examination and transurethral resection of bladder tumor was more than 2 weeks in all the patients. They all underwent radical cystectomy within 1 month after the pelvic MRI examination, and no patient underwent radiotherapy or chemotherapy in our study during the interval between the MRI examination and radical cystectomy. T2WI only, DWI only, and T2WI+DWI of 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging for readers were with sensitivity: 94.59%, 83.78%, 91.89%; with specificity: 66.67%, 77.78%, 72.22% and with accuracy: 85.45%, 81.82%, 85.45%, respectively. CONCLUSION: 3.0T MRI may have a role in diagnosing muscle invasive bladder cancer following TURBT. T2WI has the advantage of detecting the location of bladder tumor, and DWI has the advantage of differentiating between the benign and malignant lesion. 3.0T MRI T2WI+DWI has a good utility in the detection of muscle invasive bladder cancer following TURBT with satisfied accuracy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cistectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(24): 1866-1871, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575929

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the rule of mediastinal lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma and the application of therapeutic mediastinal lymph node dissection through the sternotomy approach in the treatment of mediastinal lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods: All cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma with mediastinal lymph node metastasis treated through sternotomy cooperated by thoracic surgeons and head and neck surgeons from January 2006 to January 2017 in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were included in this study. The distribution, metastasis rate, metastasis degree, surgical method, surgical complications and postoperative survival of patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 31 patients (16 males and 15 females) with papillary thyroid cancer with mediastinal lymph node metastasis, with a median age of 46 (19-65) years, were enrolled in the group. Partial upper sternotomy was used in 28 cases, and total sternotomy was used in 3 cases. The mediastinal lymph nodes of papillary thyroid carcinoma metastasized farthest to the station 6, and the lymph node metastasis rate of each group from high to low was: 2R (61%), 1R (39%), 3A (39%), 1L (16%), 2L (10%), 4R (10%), 5 (3%) and 6 (3%). No metastasis was observed in station 3P, 4L and 7. In addition, the degree of lymph node metastasis at station 2R was the highest, reaching 35% (77/219). Extra-nodal invasion of mediastinal metastatic lymph nodes in thyroid papillary carcinoma is common (23%), easily fuses into masses (23%) and invades peripheral vascular nerves (26%). Up to 29% of blood transfusions are required during or after surgery due to oozing or bleeding (9/31). The 1-, 3-, 5-and 10-year survival rates of patients undergoing surgical treatment were 94%, 94%, 87% and 81%, respectively. Conclusion: Papillary thyroid carcinoma can metastasize to almost all mediastinal lymph nodes except station 3P, 4L and 7. Radical mediastinal lymph node dissection through sternotomy is an effective method for the treatment of mediastinal lymph node metastasis of thyroid papillary carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esvaziamento Cervical , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia , Tireoidectomia
19.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 255-261, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of gender on hepatic pathology and antibody-mediated immunity in Schistosoma japonicum-infected C57BL/6 mice. METHODS: Female and male C57BL/6 mice were infected with S. japonicum, and the hepatic pathological changes were observed using HE and picrosirius red staining in mice 8 weeks post-infection. The serum specific IgG antibody levels against the soluble adult worm antigen (SWA) and soluble egg antigen (SEA) were measured in mice using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the percentages of follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells were detected in mouse spleen and lymph nodes using flow cytometry. RESULTS: HE staining showed no significant difference in the mean area of a single hepatic egg granuloma between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum [(28.050 ± 3.576) × 104 µm2 vs. (26.740 ± 4.093) × 104 µm2; t = 0.241, P = 0.821], and picrosirius red staining revealed no statistical differences between female and male mice in terms of the mean proportion of picrosirius red stained hepatic tissues [(7.667 ± 1.856)% vs. (7.667 ± 1.764)%; t = 0, P = 1] or the mean optical density [(0.023 ± 0.003) vs. (0.027 ± 0.007); t = 0.447, P = 0.678]. ELISA detected no significant differences in the serum IgG antibody levels against SWA [(2.098 ± 0.037) vs. (1.970 ± 0.071); t = 1.595, P = 0.162] or SEA [(3.738 ± 0.039) vs. (3.708 ± 0.043); t = 0.512, P = 0.623] between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum. Flow cytometry detected significantly greater percentages of Tfh cells in the spleen [female mice, (8.645 ± 1.356)% vs. (1.730 ± 0.181)%, t = 5.055, P = 0.002; male mice, (8.470 ± 1.161)% vs. (1.583 ± 0.218)%, t = 5.829, P = 0.001] and lymph nodes [female mice, (3.218 ± 0.153)% vs. (1.095 ± 0.116)%, t = 11.040, P < 0.001; male mice, (3.673 ± 0.347)% vs. (0.935 ± 0.075)%, t = 8.994, P = 0.001) of both female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum than in uninfected mice; however, no significant differences were seen between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum in terms of the percentages of Tfh cells in the spleen [(8.645 ± 1.356)% vs. (8.470 ± 1.161)%; t = 0.098, P = 0.925] or lymph nodes [(3.218 ± 0.153)% vs. (3.673 ± 0.347)%; t = 1.332, P = 0.241]. There was no significant difference in the proportion of Treg cells in the spleen of male mice between infected and uninfected mice [(10.060 ± 0.361)% vs. (10.130 ± 0.142)%; t = 0.174, P = 0.867], while a higher proportion of Treg cells was seen in the spleen of female mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum than in uninfected mice [(10.530 ± 0.242)% vs. (9.450 ± 0.263)%; t = 3.021, P = 0.023]. There was no significant difference in the proportion of Treg cells in the spleen between female and male mice infected with S. japonicum [(10.530 ± 0.242)% vs. (10.060 ± 0.361)%; t =1.077, P = 0.323]. In addition, the proportions of Treg cells were significantly greater in the lymph node of S. japonicum -infected female [(17.150 ± 0.805)% vs. (13.100 ± 0.265)%; t = 4.781, P = 0.003] and male mice [(18.550 ± 0.732)% vs. (12.630 ± 0.566)%; t = 6.402, P = 0.001] than in uninfected mice; however, no significant difference was seen between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection [(17.150 ± 0.805)% vs. (18.550 ± 0.732)%; t = 1.287, P = 0.246]. CONCLUSIONS: There are no gender-specific hepatic pathological changes or antibody-mediated immunity in C57BL/6 mice post-infection with S. japonicum.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose Japônica , Animais , Anticorpos/sangue , Feminino , Fígado/imunologia , Fígado/parasitologia , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica/imunologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia
20.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 262-267, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468788

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunological functions of heat shock protein 40 kDa of Schistosoma japonicum (SjHSP40). METHODS: The homology of the SjHSP40 protein sequence was analyzed and the B and T cell epitopes of SjHSP40 were predicted using bioinformatics tools. The full-length SjHSP40 gene was amplified using a PCR assay, and cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pGEX-6P-1, which was transformed into Escherichia coli BL-21. The protein expression was induced with isopropyl ß-D-thiogalactoside (IPDG), and then, the recombinant protein was purified with glutathione-sepharose 4B resin to yield the fusion protein GST-SjHSP40, which was checked with SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Following immunization with GST-SjHSP40, the serum levels of anti-SjHSP40 IgG antibody and IgG1 and IgG2a subtypes were detected in BALB/c mice using ELISA. In addition, the effect of SjHSP40 on CD4+ T-cell subset differentiation was examined using flow cytometry. RESULTS: SjHSP40 contained 7 potential B cell epitopes and multiple T cell epitopes (CTL epitopes and Th epitopes). The prokaryotic expression plasmid pGEX-6p-1-SjSHP40 was successfully constructed, and the fusion protein GST-SjHSP40 was obtained following IPDG induction and protein purification. Significantly higher serum levels of anti-SjHSP40 IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies were detected in mice immunized with GST-SjHSP40 than in other groups; however, SjHSP40 showed no remarkable effects on CD4+ T-cell subset differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: SjHSP40 may induce specific humoral immune responses in mice; however, it does not affect the balance of Th immune responses. It is suggested that SjHSP40 may be a potential vaccine candidate.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40 , Schistosoma japonicum , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/sangue , Biologia Computacional , Epitopos/imunologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Plasmídeos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Schistosoma japonicum/genética , Schistosoma japonicum/imunologia
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