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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 885-890, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171563

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the changes of peri-implant tissue around the individualized abutment that was grinded from zirconia provisional crown in one year. Methods: In this research, a prosthodontic-driven virtual implant planning and immediate provisionalization were conducted in computer assisted design software. And computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques were used to fabricate the zirconia provisional crown and surgical guide template before surgery. The implant was accurately placed with the surgical guide, and the zirconia provisional crown was immediately delivered after surgery. Three months later, the implant osseointegration was completed, and zirconia provisional crown was prepared intraorally to generate customized zirconia abutment for final prosthesis. The study included 30 patients with single anterior tooth loss, including 18 males and 12 females, aged from 26 to 50 years old, and the mean age was (36.2±6.1) years old. The patients were from the Center of Oral Implantology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical College from January 2017 to February 2018. After cementation of the final prosthesis, the cases were followed up at 6 and 12 months time intervals. Implant survival rate, probing depth, bleeding on probing, marginal bone level loss and papilla index score (PIS) were recorded in every appointment. Results: The survival rate of 30 implants was 100%, and the probing depths were less than 5 mm. The bone resorption at 6 and 12 months follow-up after the final delivery was 0 (0, 0) mm and 0 (-0.2, 0) mm, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The PIS was 3.0 (2.0, 4.0), 3.0 (2.8, 4.0) and 3.0 (3.0, 4.0) on the final delivery, 6 and 12 months after final delivery, respectively. Conclusions: Marginal bone level and bone loss were stable with this new implant clinical protocol at the one-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Adulto , Coroas , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Zircônio
2.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e180, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183394

RESUMO

AIMS: Suicide emerges as a threat to national health of USA with Whites being at extra risk. More information is needed regarding the increased suicide among Whites to improve national suicide prevention strategies. This study aims to characterise the age pattern of suicide among Whites by suicide methods adjusting for time period and birth cohort. METHODS: Suicide mortality data by age of 15-84 years during 1999-2017 were derived from the Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiological Research, prepared by US Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Mortality data for three common suicide methods, firearms, suffocation and poisoning were analysed using the age-period-cohort (APC) model. Period-cohort adjusted mortality rates by age were estimated based on results from APC modelling. RESULTS: Period-cohort adjusted rates indicated that the overall age pattern for males contained five phases, including three increasing phases (ages 15-20, 30-50 and 65+), connected by two declining phases (ages 20-30 and 50-65); and the age pattern for females was a parabolic with an increasing phase from 15 years of age up to 50, followed by a declining phase after age 50. Furthermore, the age pattern for different suicide methods differed substantially for males, but did not for females. Among males, suicide by firearms contained two rapid increasing phases, one during adolescence and another in older ages; suicide by suffocation showed a high plateau across an age span from 20 to 55 years; and suicide by poisoning followed a parabolic, increasing by age up to 45 before it declined. Age patterns revealed by the unadjusted crude rates were biased because of significant linear period effect and W-shaped cohort effect. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to quantify the age patterns of suicide by different methods for US Whites using period-cohort adjusted rates. Study findings provide valid evidence supporting precision interventions to reduce the extra suicide mortality among Whites by targeting specific age ranges with different suicide methods.

3.
Anim Genet ; 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226134

RESUMO

Freshness is an important index to determine the quality deterioration (protein degradation and changes in appearance) of chilled chicken meat and is a primary consideration of consumers. Adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 (AMPD1) catalyzes the deamination of adenosine monophosphate to inosine monophosphate in skeletal muscle and is the rate-limiting step in the purine nucleotide cycle. Inosine monophosphate is regarded as an important indicator of meat freshness in chicken. This study investigated the association of polymorphisms in the chicken AMPD1 promoter region with meat freshness during freezing storage. An SNP (c. -905G>A) was found to be associated with the freshness (K-value) of chicken breast meat. Chickens with the AA genotype had significantly lower K-values than those with GG and AG genotypes (P < 0.01). Individuals with the AA genotype also had higher breast meat AMPD1 mRNA levels than did those with the GG and AG genotypes (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). A luciferase assay revealed that genotype AA had greater transcriptional activity than genotype GG. Transcription factor binding site analysis identified distinct putative transcription factor binding sites in the two alleles of mutation site c. -905. In summary, we identified an SNP (c. -905G>A) in the promoter region of the AMPD1 gene that may modulate the binding affinity of different transcription factors to control AMPD1 expression and affect the freshness K-value of chicken meat.

5.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1037-1042, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210883

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) combined with high resolution temporal bone CT (HRCT) in the location diagnosis of middle ear cholesteatoma and its value in the postoperative follow-up. Methods: 134 patients with inital cholesteatoma and 22 patients with suspected recurrent cholesteatoma were selected for HRCT, conventional MRI and DWI examination. Based on the intraoperative and pathological diagnosis, DWI and HRCT images were combined to evaluate the consistency between the lesion location and invasion area of the initial cholesteatoma and intraoperative lesions. The results of HRCT and DWI in the diagnosis of recurrent middle ear cholesteatoma were statistically analyzed to evaluate their diagnostic efficacy. Results: The accuracy rate of DWI combined with HRCT was 90.3%.The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of HRCT and DWI in the diagnosis of recurrent middle ear cholesteatoma were 27.8%, 75.0%, 83.3%, 18.8% and 100%, 75.0%, 94.7% and 100%, respectively, and the Kappa values consistent with the pathological results were 0.024 and 0.843, respectively. Chi-square test confirmed that there were differences in the diagnosis between groups (P<0.001). Conclusions: Combined with the high sensitivity of DWI and the high resolution of HRCT, the accuracy of preoperative positioning of the newly diagnosed cholesteatoma can be improved and surgery strategy can be guided. DWI is also of high diagnostic value for recurrent cholesteatoma in the middle ear.

7.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1043-1050, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212552

RESUMO

Objective: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common infectious complication after emergency abdominal surgery (EAS). To a large extent, most SSI can be prevented, but there are few relevant studies in China. This study mainly investigated the current situation of SSI occurrence after EAS in China, and further explored risk factors for SSI occurrence. Methods: Multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted. Clinical data of patients undergoing EAS in 33 hospitals across China between May 1, 2019 and June 7, 2019 were prospectively collected, including perioperative data and microbial culture results from infected incisions. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI after EAS, while the secondary outcomes were postoperative hospital stay, ICU occupancy rate, length of ICU stay, hospitalization cost, and mortality within postoperative 30 days. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of SSI after EAS. Results: A total of 660 EAS patients aged (47.9±18.3) years were enrolled in this study, including 56.5% of males (373/660). Forty-nine (7.4%) patients developed postoperative SSI. The main pathogen of SSI was Escherichia coli [culture positive rate was 32.7% (16/49)]. As compared to patients without SSI, those with SSI were more likely to be older (median 56 years vs. 46 years, U=19 973.5, P<0.001), male [71.4% (35/49) vs. 56.1% (343/611), χ(2)=4.334, P=0.037] and diabetes [14.3% (7/49) vs. 5.1% (31/611), χ(2)=5.498, P=0.015]; with-lower preoperative hemoglobin (median: 122.0 g/L vs. 143.5 g/L, U=11 471.5, P=0.006) and albumin (median: 35.5 g/L vs. 40.8 g/L, U=9452.0, P<0.001), with higher blood glucose (median: 6.9 mmol/L vs. 6.0 mmol/L, U=17 754.5, P<0.001); with intestinal obstruction [32.7% (16/49) vs. 9.2% (56/611), χ(2)=25.749, P<0.001], with ASA score 3-4 [42.9% (21/49) vs. 13.9% (85/611), χ(2)=25.563, P<0.001] and with high surgical risk [49.0% (24/49) vs. 7.0% (43/611), χ(2)=105.301, P<0.001]. The main operative procedure resulting in SSI was laparotomy [81.6%(40/49) vs. 35.7%(218/611), χ(2)=40.232, P<0.001]. Patients with SSI experienced significantly longer operation time (median: 150 minutes vs. 75 minutes, U=25 183.5, P<0.001). In terms of clinical outcome, higher ICU occupancy rate [51.0% (25/49) vs. 19.5% (119/611), χ(2)=26.461, P<0.001], more hospitalization costs (median: 44 000 yuan vs. 15 000 yuan, U=24 660.0, P<0.001), longer postoperative hospital stay (median: 10 days vs. 5 days, U=23 100.0, P<0.001) and longer ICU occupancy time (median: 0 days vs. 0 days, U=19 541.5, P<0.001) were found in the SSI group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the elderly (OR=3.253, 95% CI: 1.178-8.985, P=0.023), colorectal surgery (OR=9.156, 95% CI: 3.655-22.937, P<0.001) and longer operation time (OR=15.912, 95% CI:6.858-36.916, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of SSI, while the laparoscopic surgery (OR=0.288, 95% CI: 0.119-0.694, P=0.006) was an independent protective factor for SSI. Conclusions: For patients undergoing EAS, attention should be paid to middle-aged and elderly patients and those of colorectal surgery. Laparoscopic surgery should be adopted when feasible and the operation time should be minimized, so as to reduce the incidence of SSI and to reduce the burden on patients and medical institutions.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217253

RESUMO

Background: Study to describe the degree of menopausal palpitation distress and its demographic, clinical, symptom, and quality-of-life (QOL) correlates. Analysis of existing, baseline, data from peri- and postmenopausal women, 42 to 62 years of age, who participated in the Menopause Strategies-Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health (MsFLASH) clinical trials testing interventions for vasomotor symptoms (n = 759). Up to 46.8% of menopausal women report having palpitations, yet the symptom is relatively understudied. Little is known about palpitation distress or its correlates. Materials and Methods: Degree of distress from "heart racing or pounding" was self-reported over the past two weeks as "not at all," "a little bit," "moderately," "quite a bit," or "extremely." Other measures included self-report forms, clinic-verified body mass index (BMI), vasomotor symptom diaries, and validated symptom and QOL tools. Results: The percentage who reported palpitation distress was 19.6%, 25.2%, and 33.5% in the three trials or 25.0% overall. In multivariate analysis, the odds of reporting palpitation distress was lower in past smokers (odds ratio [OR] = 0.59 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.38-0.90]) and current smokers (OR = 0.48 [0.27-0.87]) relative to never-smokers and lower with every 5 kg/m2 higher BMI (OR = 0.82 [0.69-0.98]).The odds of reporting palpitation distress was higher with every five point more severe insomnia (OR = 1.28 [1.05-1.54]), five point worse depressive symptoms (OR = 1.47 [1.11-1.95]), five point worse perceived stress (OR = 1.19 [1.01-1.39]), and one point worse menopausal QOL (OR = 1.29 [1.06-1.57]). Conclusions: Menopausal palpitation distress is common and associated with demographic, clinical, symptom, and QOL factors. Findings can be used for screening in clinical practice and to justify additional research on this understudied symptom.

9.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1126-1130, 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152816

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotype, molecular genetic characteristics and prognosis of the metaplastic thymoma (MT). Methods: The clinicopathological and follow-up data of five MT cases were collected at Fujian Provincial Hospital from 2008 to 2019. Immunohistochemical staining and MAML2 gene detection were performed, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were 2 males and 3 females, aged 36-64 years (mean age 52 years). The tumors ranged 3.2-7.3 cm in the greatest diameter (average 5.1 cm).Microscopically, the tumor showed a biphasic pattern with epithelial cells merging gradually with the spindle cell component. The two areas transited to each other or had obvious boundary. Both components showed mild atypia. No mitosis was observed in either area, and a small number of lymphocytes were observed in the stroma. Immunohistochemical staining showed that epithelioid cells were positive for CKpan, p63 and E-cadherin. Spindle cells were positive for vimentin and EMA, while the Ki-67 index was less than 5%, and lymphocytes were negative for TdT. MAML2 gene apart signal was detected in two of the cases (2/4) that were tested by FISH. Conclusions: MT is a low-grade malignant epithelioid thymic tumor. Its diagnosis and differential diagnosis are dependent on the morphological characteristics, immunohistochemical staining and MAML2 gene detection. The primary treatment option is surgical resection, with an overall good prognosis.


Assuntos
Timoma , Neoplasias do Timo , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Timoma/genética , Timoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Timo/genética , Neoplasias do Timo/cirurgia , Vimentina
10.
Int Urogynecol J ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175228

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine if recovery expectancies were associated with actual postdischarge recovery after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. METHODS: Study subjects (N = 167) undergoing laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy were asked to preoperatively predict the likelihood of a prolonged postdischarge recovery (> 42 days). Low, medium, and high recovery expectancy groups were created from responses to the likelihood of prolonged postdischarge recovery question. Previously established predictors of actual recovery 42 days after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy included age, body mass index, Charlson co-morbidity index, short form (SF)-36 bodily pain scores, doctors' and others' health locus of control, and sick role investment. One parsimonious hierarchical linear and logistic regression model was constructed to determine if preoperative recovery expectancies were independently associated with PSR13 scores and "significant" postdischarge recovery after controlling for previously established predictors. RESULTS: Study subjects with high recovery expectancies had higher PSR13 scores than subjects with low recovery expectancies (82.32 ± 15.34 vs 73.30 ± 15.30, mean difference 9.01, 95%CI 1.08-16.94). Study subjects with low recovery expectancies scored 7.7 points lower on the PSR13 scale (minimally important difference = 5), which translated into a 73% reduction in the likelihood of being "significantly" recovered 42 days after surgery, after controlling for previously established predictors. CONCLUSIONS: A low recovery expectancy has a negative impact on actual recovery 42 days after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. Our findings are important because preoperative recovery expectancies are modifiable predictors, making them a candidate for an expectancy manipulation intervention designed to optimize recovery after pelvic reconstructive surgery.

12.
J Dairy Sci ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131815

RESUMO

This study examined the effect of 3-nitrooxypropanol (3-NOP), an investigational substance, on enteric methane emission, milk production, and composition in Holstein dairy cows. Following a 3-wk covariate period, 48 multi- and primiparous cows averaging (± standard deviation) 118 ± 28 d in milk, 43.4 ± 8 kg/d milk yield, and 594 ± 57 kg of body weight were blocked based on days in milk, milk yield, and enteric methane emission and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups: (1) control, no 3-NOP, and (2) 3-NOP applied at 60 mg/kg feed dry matter. Inclusion of 3-NOP was through the total mixed ration and fed for 15 consecutive weeks. Cows were housed in a freestall barn equipped with a Calan Broadbent Feeding System (American Calan Inc., Northwood, NH) for monitoring individual dry matter intake and fed ad libitum once daily. Enteric gaseous emissions (methane, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen) were measured using 3 GreenFeed (C-Lock Inc., Rapid City, SD) units. Dry matter intake, cow body weight, and body weight change were not affected by 3-NOP. Compared with the control group, 3-NOP applied at 60 mg/kg feed dry matter decreased daily methane emission, emission yield, and emission intensity by 26, 27, and 29%, respectively. Enteric emission of carbon dioxide was not affected, and hydrogen emission was increased 6-fold by 3-NOP. Administration of 3-NOP had no effect on milk and energy-corrected milk yields and feed efficiency, increased milk fat and milk urea nitrogen concentrations, and increased milk fat yield but had no other effects on milk components. Concentration of C6:0 and C8:0 and the sum of saturated fatty acids in milk fat were increased by 3-NOP. Total trans fatty acids and the sum of polyunsaturated fatty acids were decreased by 3-NOP. In this experiment, 3-NOP decreased enteric methane daily emission, yield, and intensity without affecting dry matter intake and milk yield, but increased milk fat in high-producing dairy cows.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20003, 2020 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203986

RESUMO

Cell migration is a fundamental process that is crucial for many biological functions in the body such as immune responses and tissue regeneration. Dysregulation of this process is associated with cancer metastasis. In this study, polydimethylsiloxane platforms with various topographical features were engineered to explore the influence of guiding patterns on MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cell migration. Focusing on the guiding effects of grating patterns, variations such as etch depth, pattern discontinuity, and bending angles were investigated. In all experiments, MC3T3-E1 cells on patterned surfaces demonstrated a higher migration speed and alignment when compared to flat surfaces. The study revealed that an increase in etch depth from 150 nm to 4.5 µm enhanced cell alignment and elongation along the grating patterns. In the presence of discontinuous elements, cell migration speed was accelerated when compared to gratings of the same etch depth. These results indicated that cell directionality preference was influenced by a high level of pattern discontinuity. On patterns with bends, cells were more inclined to reverse on 45° bends, with 69% of cells reversing at least once, compared to 54% on 135° bends. These results are attributed to cell morphology and motility mechanisms that are associated with surface topography, where actin filament structures such as filopodia and lamellipodia are essential in sensing the surrounding environment and controlling cell displacement. Knowledge of geometric guidance cues could provide a better understanding on how cell migration is influenced by extracellular matrix topography in vivo.

15.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(11): 922-929, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210863

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the distribution pattern of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in left ventricular free wall of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Methods: A total of 130 consecutive DCM patients who were hospitalized in our hospital, underwent both CMR and CTA examinations and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria including negative results of coronary angiography or coronary CTA, were retrospective included in this study. The LGE pattern, extent and distribution in left ventricular free wall were analyzed. Results: Left ventricular free wall LGE was detected in 56 out of 130 DCM patients. LGE was observed in both septal and free wall in 53 out of 56 patients with LGE (94.6%). Prevalence of NYHA classification Ⅲ/Ⅳ, intraventricular block, paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia, and secondary mitral insufficiency was significantly higher, while left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower, left ventricular end-diastolic/systolic volume, left ventricular end-diastolic/systolic volume index and left ventricular end-diastolic diameters values were larger in patients with LGE than without LGE (all P<0.05). In terms LGE pattern among these 56 patients, percent of involved myocardial segments in patients with subepicardial LGE (n=19) was significantly higher than patients with intermural LGE (n=30), patients with transmural LGE (n=21), and patients with subendocardial LGE (n=9)(60.8%(127/209) vs. 32.4%(107/330), 32.5%(75/231), 26.3%(26/99), respectively, all P < 0.01). Transmural LGE was most likely to involve the left ventricular inferior lateral basal (18/21) and mid (13/21) segment, followed by anterior lateral basal (15/21) and mid (11/21) segments and inferior mid segment (9/21). Subepicardial LGE was more likely to occur in the inferior lateral basal (13/19) and mid (16/19) segment, anterior lateral basal (13/19) and mid (15/19) segment, anterior lateral basal (13/19) and mid (15/19) segment, lateral apical (13/19), anterior and inferior mid segment (12/19 and 10/19), and apical segment (15/19 and 10/19). Intermural LGE mostly involved the anterior and inferior basal (19/30, 16/30) and mid (18/30 and 14/30) segment. There were 33 cases of single LGE pattern and 23 cases of multiple LGE pattern. Percent of involved myocardial segments was significantly higher in multiple LGE group than single LGE group (60.9% (154/253) vs. 49.9%(181/363), P = 0.007). Of 130 patients, 23 received heart transplantation, of which 6 patients had septal LGE alone and 17 patients had septal and free wall LGE. The rate of heart transplantation in the latter group was higher (32.1% (17/53)vs. 13.6%(6/44), P=0.034). Conclusions: There are several LGE distribution patterns in left ventricular wall among DCM patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Meios de Contraste , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
16.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(11): 930-935, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210864

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the changes of left ventricular function in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) before PCI and within 24 hours after PCI by layer-specific strain, and to explore the value of this new assessment method for quantitative monitoring on the myocardial function in STEMI patients. Methods: A total of 40 patients with acute anterior wall myocardial infarction, who underwent PCI in Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University during July 2017 to July 2018, were included in this prospective cohort study. According to the symptom to balloon time (STB), the patients were divided into STB ≤6 hours group (26 cases) and STB 6-12 hours group (14 cases). Echocardiography was performed before, immediately, 3 hours and 24 hours after PCI. Echocardiographic indexes including endocardial myocardial longitudinal strain (LS-endo), 18-segment full-thickness myocardial longitudinal strain (LS) of left ventricle and left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) were measured. The mean LS-endo and LS values of myocardial segments in infarcted area (IALS-endo, IALS) and the mean LS-endo and LS values of myocardial segments in non-infarcted area (NIALS-endo, NIALS) were calculated. Results: There were 34 males and 6 females in this cohort and age was (62±10) years. In STB≤6 hours group, the IALS-endo value ((13.7±4.9)% vs. (10.0±2.7)%, P<0.05) and NIALS-endo value ((17.0±2.9)% vs. (14.6±2.9)%, P<0.05) were significantly higher at 24 hours after PCI than those before PCI. In the group of STB 6-12 hours, IALS-endo decreased immediately after PCI ((6.7±3.3)% vs. (11.9±6.5)%, P<0.05), and there was a rising trend at 3 hours after PCI (P>0.05). At 24 hours after PCI, the index was higher than that immediately after PCI ((13.6±8.4)% vs. (6.7±3.3)%, P<0.05). The NIALS-endo value was significantly higher at 24 hours after PCI than that before PCI ((17.1±2.1)% vs. (14.5±3.2)%, P<0.05). In the STB 6-12 hours group, the decrease rate of IALS-endo immediately after PCI was higher than that in the STB ≤6 hours group (93% (13/14) vs. 35% (9/26), P<0.001). In STB ≤6 hours group, the NIALS value at 24 hours after PCI was higher than that before PCI (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in IALS, NIALS and GLS at other time points (P>0.05). Conclusions: Layered LS is superior to full-thickness LS and GLS in evaluating left ventricular function in STEMI patients. LS measured by echocardiography can continuously and quantitatively evaluate the changes of left ventricular myocardial function in STEMI patients before and after PCI.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(11): 954-961, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210868

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of 3-phosphate dependent protein kinase 1-protein kinase B (PDK1-Akt) signaling pathway on the transcription, expression and function of cardiac hyperpolarized activated cyclic nucleotide gated 4 (HCN4) ion channels. Methods: Atrial myocytes were obtained from healthy male wild-type C57 mice and heart-specific PDK1 knockout mice (PDK1-KO) by enzymolysis. Then the atrial myocytes were divided into blank control group and PDK1-KO group. In further studies, the isolated atrial myocytes were cultured and further divided into drug control group (treated with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)) and PDK1 knockdown group (treated with 1 µg/ml PDK1 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) interference plasmid), SC79 group (treated with 8 µmol/ml SC79), GSK2334470 group (treated with 10 nmol/L GSK2334470) and PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group (8 µmol/ml SC79 and 1 µg/ml PDK1 shRNA interference plasmid). Real time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of PDK1 and HCN4, Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of PDK1, Akt and HCN4, the whole cell patch clamp was used to detecte the current density of HCN, and immunofluorescence was used to detecte the expression of HCN4 protein on atrial cells. Results: (1) the expression levels of HCN4 mRNA (1.46±0.03 vs. 0.99±0.01, P<0.001) and protein (1.14±0.02 vs. 1.00±0.06, P=0.017) in PDK1-KO group were higher than those in blank control group. The HCN current density in PDK1-KO group was higher than that in blank control group((-17.47±2.00) pA/pF vs. (-12.15±2.25) pA/pF, P=0.038). (2) The functions of PDK1 shRNA and specific Akt agonist SC79 were verified by comparing the PDK1 knockdown group and SC79 group with the drug control group. The results showed that the expression levels of PDK1 mRNA and protein in PDK1 knockdown group were lower than those in drug control group, and the expression level of phosphorylated Akt (Thr 308) protein in SC79 group was higher than that in drug control group. (3) The expression levels of HCN4 mRNA (3.61±0.46 vs. 1.00±0.08, P<0.001) and protein (2.33±0.11 vs. 1.00±0.05, P<0.001) in GSK2334470 group were higher than those in drug control group. (4) To reduce the effect of drug-miss target, the cultured atrial myocytes were transfected with shRNA plasmid of PDK1 and intervened with SC79. The results showed that the expression of HCN4 mRNA in PDK1 knockdown group was higher than that in the drug control group (1.76±0.11 vs. 1.00±0.06, P<0.001), and PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group (1.76±0.11 vs. 1.33±0.07, P=0.003). In PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group, the mRNA expression level was also higher than that in the drug control group (1.33±0.07 vs. 1.00±0.06, P<0.001). The expression level of HCN4 protein in PDK1 knockdown group was higher than that in drug control group (1.15±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.05, P=0.003). As for the The expression level of HCN4 protein, there was no significantly statistical difference between the PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group and the drug control group (P>0.05), but PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group was lower than PDK1 knockdown group (0.95±0.01 vs. 1.15±0.04, P<0.001). In patch clamp experiments, the results showed that the HCN current density was (-13.27±1.28) pA/pF in the drug control group, (-18.76±2.03) pA/pF in the PDK1 knockdown group, (-13.50±2.58) pA/pF in the PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group; the HCN current density of PDK1 knockdown group was higher than that of drug control group (P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group and drug control group (P>0.05). (5) The results of immunofluorescence showed that the brightness of green fluorescence of PDK1 knockdown group was higher than that of drug control group, indicating that the expression of HCN4 localized on cell membrane was increased. However, the green fluorescence of PDK1 knockdown+SC79 group was lighter than that of PDK1 knockdown group, suggesting that the expression of HCN4 in PDK1-knockdown cell membrane decreased after further activating Akt. Conclusion: PDK1-Akt signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of HCN4 ion channel transcription, expression and function.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Animais , Canais de Cátion Regulados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/genética , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026968

RESUMO

Background: Dysmenorrhea affects most reproductive-aged women. Common dysmenorrhea treatments vary in their effectiveness across individuals. Little is known about factors associated with perceived treatment ineffectiveness. The objectives of this study were to describe the perceived ineffectiveness of common pharmacological treatments for dysmenorrhea and investigate factors associated with perceived treatment ineffectiveness. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 678 women with dysmenorrhea (aged 14-42) provided data on perceived treatment ineffectiveness, dysmenorrhea symptom-based phenotypes, demographics, clinical factors, and psychobehavioral characteristics. We used Fisher's exact tests to compare treatment ineffectiveness across three symptom-based phenotypes. We used logistic regressions to explore associations of phenotype, demographic, clinical, and psychobehavioral correlates of perceived treatment ineffectiveness. Results: Percentages perceiving treatments as ineffective were 29.3%-35.6% nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, 49.9% acetaminophen, and 39.3% combined oral contraceptive pills (OCPs). Factors associated with perceived ineffectiveness varied across treatments and included symptom-based phenotypes, clinical, and psychobehavioral factors. For ibuprofen and acetaminophen, women with severe (vs. mild) pain phenotype and higher number of chronic pain conditions were more likely to perceive the treatments as ineffective. For OCPs, women with severe pain (vs. mild) phenotype, comorbid gynecological condition, less anxiety, and worse depressive symptoms were more likely to perceive the treatment as ineffective. Conclusion: A significant percentage of women reported ineffectiveness of dysmenorrhea treatments. Phenotypes, clinical, and psychobehavioral factors were associated with treatment ineffectiveness. Future research should test if symptom-based phenotypes are associated with treatment effectiveness in clinical trials and investigate other factors that affect dysmenorrhea treatment effectiveness, so treatments can be tailored to individuals.

20.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(10): 831-837, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105927

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the effectiveness and safety sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) combination ±ribavirin in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in China. Methods: A total of 96 Chinese adults with chronic HCV infection who were treated with SOF/VEL combination ± ribavirin for 12 weeks between July 2018 and February 2020 were selected. HCV RNA, routine blood test, liver, kidney and coagulation function, abdominal Color Doppler ultrasound or CT and liver stiffness were detected at baseline, 4 weeks of treatment, end of treatment and 12 weeks of follow-up. Adverse events and laboratory abnormalities during the treatment were recorded. A t-test was used to compare the measurement data between the two groups, and the analysis of variance was used for multiple group comparison. Results: A total of 93 cases (96.9%) achieved sustained virological response (SVR12), of which 3 cases had relapsed. 88 cases (91.7%, 88/96) had achieved rapid virological response (RVR). 96 cases (100%) had achieved virological response by the end of treatment (EOT). In patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis, the average baseline Child-Pugh score and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was 7.4±1.0, and 11.4±1.7, respectively. Among them, 12 cases of the SOF/VEL combined with RBV treatment had achieved SVR12 (100%) at 12 weeks, while only 3 of the 5 cases of single-tablet regimen of SOF/VEL had achieved SVR12 (60%). There was no significant difference between creatinine levels and baseline during or 12 weeks after treatment. The incidence of adverse events in patients with chronic hepatitis C and compensated cirrhosis was 6.3% (5/79), while that in patients with decompensated cirrhosis was 35.3% (6/17). The most common adverse events were hyperbilirubinemia, fatigue and anemia. There were no serious adverse events, deaths or discontinuation of treatment due to adverse events. Conclusion: SOF/VEL combination ± ribavirin in the treatment of various common genotypes of chronic hepatitis C, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma has higher SVR12 in China, and the tolerance and safety are good.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carbamatos/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C Crônica , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/uso terapêutico , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Carbamatos/efeitos adversos , China , Quimioterapia Combinada , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Ribavirina/efeitos adversos , Sofosbuvir/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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