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1.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 833865, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35370861

RESUMO

Objective: This paper used meta-regression to analyze the heterogenous factors contributing to the prevalence rate of mental health symptoms of the general and frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) in China under the COVID-19 crisis. Method: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Medrxiv and pooled data using random-effects meta-analyses to estimate the prevalence rates, and ran meta-regression to tease out the key sources of the heterogeneity. Results: The meta-regression results uncovered several predictors of the heterogeneity in prevalence rates among published studies, including severity (e.g., above severe vs. above moderate, p < 0.01; above moderate vs. above mild, p < 0.01), type of mental symptoms (PTSD vs. anxiety, p = 0.04), population (frontline vs. general HCWs, p < 0.01), sampling location (Wuhan vs. Non-Wuhan, p = 0.04), and study quality (p = 0.04). Conclusion: The meta-regression findings provide evidence on the factors contributing to the prevalence rate of mental health symptoms of the general and frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) to guide future research and evidence-based medicine in several specific directions. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=220592, identifier: CRD42020220592.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 577-580, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376676

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: Soccer is an intensely competitive sport. With its development and elevation in techniques, athletes' higher demands for physical fitness, strategy, and tactics are presented. An excellent physical training protocol is essential to achieve these goals. Objective: To study how soccer players can improve their physical function in physical training. Methods: Soccer players from a school were selected as research subjects. Physical training interventions and follow-up tests were performed on soccer players during training. Physical training included a physical function test and a body composition test. Finally, SPSS16.0 software was used for statistical analysis of the obtained data. Results: The mean hemoglobin and red blood cell concentration mean values in the athletes' final test increased slightly compared to the first test; the difference was insignificant (P>0.05). However, the hematocrit index improved significantly (P<0.01). Conclusion: Physical training can reduce the body fat content in the physical function of soccer players and reduce the weight of soccer players. This physical training mode can be used as a reference standard for the physical training of other high-level soccer teams. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução: O futebol é um esporte intensamente competitivo. Com o seu desenvolvimento e elevação no nível das técnicas, são apresentadas exigências mais altas para a aptidão física, estratégia e tática dos atletas. Um bom protocolo de treinamento físico é essencial para atingir essas metas. Objetivo: Estudar como os jogadores de futebol podem melhorar sua função física no treinamento físico. Métodos: Os jogadores de futebol de uma escola foram selecionados como objetos de pesquisa. Intervenções de treinamento físico e testes de acompanhamento foram feitos em jogadores de futebol durante o treinamento. O treinamento físico incluiu um teste de função física e um teste de composição corporal. Finalmente, o software SPSS16.0 foi usado para análise estatística dos dados obtidos. Resultados: Os valores médios de concentração de hemoglobina e células vermelhas sanguíneas no teste final dos atletas aumentaram ligeiramente em comparação com o primeiro, a diferença não foi significativa (P>0,05). Entretanto, o índice do hematócritos melhorou significativamente com efeito significativo (P<0,01). Conclusão: O treinamento físico pode reduzir o conteúdo de gordura corporal na função física dos jogadores de futebol e reduzir o peso dos jogadores de futebol. Esse modo de treinamento físico pode ser usado como um padrão de referência para o treinamento físico de outras equipes de futebol de alto nível. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


Resumen Introducción: El fútbol es un deporte intensamente competitivo. Con su desarrollo y elevación en el nivel de las técnicas, se presentan mayores exigencias para la aptitud física, la estrategia y la táctica de los atletas. Un buen protocolo de entrenamiento físico es esencial para alcanzar estos objetivos. Objetivo: Estudiar cómo los jugadores de fútbol pueden mejorar su función física en el entrenamiento físico. Métodos: Se seleccionaron jugadores de fútbol de una escuela como sujetos de la investigación. Se realizaron intervenciones de entrenamiento físico y pruebas de seguimiento a los jugadores de fútbol durante el entrenamiento. El entrenamiento físico incluyó una prueba de función física y una prueba de composición corporal. Finalmente, se utilizó el software SPSS16.0 para el análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos. Resultados: Los valores medios de concentración de hemoglobina y glóbulos rojos en la prueba final de los atletas aumentaron ligeramente en comparación con la primera prueba, la diferencia no fue significativa (P>0,05). Sin embargo, el índice de hematocrito mejoró significativamente con un efecto importante (P<0,01). Conclusión: El entrenamiento físico puede reducir el contenido de grasa corporal en la función física de los futbolistas y reducir el peso de los mismos. Este modo de entrenamiento físico puede utilizarse como norma de referencia para el entrenamiento físico de otros equipos de fútbol de alto nivel. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

3.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 11(1): 95, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The continuous mutation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has made the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic complicated to predict and posed a severe challenge to the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics held in February and March 2022. METHODS: During the preparations for the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, we established a dynamic model with pulse detection and isolation effect to evaluate the effect of epidemic prevention and control measures such as entry policies, contact reduction, nucleic acid testing, tracking, isolation, and health monitoring in a closed-loop management environment, by simulating the transmission dynamics in assumed scenarios. We also compared the importance of each parameter in the combination of intervention measures through sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: At the assumed baseline levels, the peak of the epidemic reached on the 57th day. During the simulation period (100 days), 13,382 people infected COVID-19. The mean and peak values of hospitalized cases were 2650 and 6746, respectively. The simulation and sensitivity analysis showed that: (1) the most important measures to stop COVID-19 transmission during the event were daily nucleic acid testing, reducing contact among people, and daily health monitoring, with cumulative infections at 0.04%, 0.14%, and 14.92% of baseline levels, respectively (2) strictly implementing the entry policy and reducing the number of cases entering the closed-loop system could delay the peak of the epidemic by 9 days and provide time for medical resources to be mobilized; (3) the risk of environmental transmission was low. CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive measures under certain scenarios such as reducing contact, nucleic acid testing, health monitoring, and timely tracking and isolation could effectively prevent virus transmission. Our research results provided an important reference for formulating prevention and control measures during the Winter Olympics, and no epidemic spread in the closed-loop during the games indirectly proved the rationality of our research results.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Pequim , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2
4.
J Int Adv Otol ; 18(5): 388-391, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A comparative study of 1.5T and 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging inner ear gadolinium enhancement was carried out to further explore the practicality and universality of 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of inner ear labyrinthine hydrops positive imaging. METHODS: This dual case-control study was conducted on 25 patients with Meniere's disease (experimental group), diagnosed by People's Hospital of Ordos Dongsheng District between April 2017 and April 2019 and 51 patients with Meniere's disease (control group), diagnosed by People's Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between March 2010 and February 2011 and published on Chinese Medical Journal in 2011. Both groups were injected with gadolinium diluent into bilateral tympanic chambers through the tympanic membrane, and 3 dimensional-Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging scanning of the inner ear was performed 24 hours later. The results of the 2 groups were observed, calculated, and statistically processed. RESULTS: The positive rate of membranous labyrinthine hydrops was 96% (24/25) in the experimental group and 96.1% (49/51) in the control group. The results are very close. CONCLUSION: In clinical diagnoses of Meniere's disease, 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging and 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging have the same value and significance.


Assuntos
Orelha Interna , Hidropisia Endolinfática , Doença de Meniere , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Meios de Contraste , Orelha Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Orelha Interna/patologia , Edema , Hidropisia Endolinfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doença de Meniere/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Meniere/patologia
5.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(9): e2230690, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066889

RESUMO

Importance: Accelerated aging makes adults more vulnerable to chronic diseases and death. Whether childhood adversity is associated with accelerated aging processes, and to what extent lifestyle mediates the association, remain unknown. Objective: To examine the associations of childhood adversity with a phenotypic aging measure and the role of unhealthy lifestyle in mediating these associations. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using data from adult participants in the UK Biobank baseline survey (2006-2010) and online mental health survey (2016). Data analysis was performed from September 1, 2021, to February 28, 2022. Exposures: Childhood adversity, including physical neglect, emotional neglect, sexual abuse, physical abuse, and emotional abuse, was assessed retrospectively through the online mental health survey (2016). Main Outcomes and Measures: A phenotypic aging measure, phenotypic age acceleration, was calculated, with higher values indicating accelerated aging. Body mass index, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and diet were combined to construct an unhealthy lifestyle score (range, 0-5, with higher scores denoting a more unhealthy lifestyle). Results: A total of 127 495 participants aged 40 to 69 years (mean [SD] chronological age at baseline, 56.4 [7.7] years; 70 979 women [55.7%]; 123 987 White participants [97.2%]) were included. Each individual type of childhood adversity and cumulative childhood adversity score were associated with phenotypic age acceleration. For instance, compared with participants who did not experience childhood adversity, those who experienced 4 (ß = 0.296, 95% CI, 0.130-0.462) or 5 (ß = 0.833; 95% CI, 0.537-1.129) childhood adversities had higher phenotypic age acceleration in fully adjusted models. The formal mediation analysis revealed that unhealthy lifestyle partially mediated the associations of childhood adversity with phenotypic age acceleration by 11.8% to 42.1%. Conclusions and Relevance: In this retrospective cohort study, childhood adversity was significantly associated with acceleration of aging and, more importantly, unhealthy lifestyle partially mediated these associations. These findings reveal a pathway from childhood adversity to health in middle and early older adulthood through lifestyle and underscore the potential of more psychological strategies beyond lifestyle interventions to promote healthy aging.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Aceleração , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
6.
Injury ; 2022 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fragility fracture commonly occurs in the elderly, the basis of fracture healing is osteoblast regeneration. The study measured the expression changes of microRNA-455-3p during fracture healing in patients with fragility fractures, and explored its influence on osteoblast differentiation. METHODS: 108 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were recruited, in which 58 cases with fragility fracture. qRT-PCR was used for the measurement of miR-455-3p levels. MC3T3-E1 cells were induced differentiation by BMP-2. ELISA was performed for the measurement of alkaline phosphates (ALP), runt-related transcription factor-2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin (OCN), and Collagen I. Luciferase reporter gene assay was done for the target gene analysis. RESULTS: Serum miR-455-3p was significantly decreased in both osteoporosis and fragility fracture patients compared with the control group, which was most deficient in patients with fragility fracture. With the extension of treatment time, the level of miR-455-3p in serum increased gradually and reached the highest level at 4 weeks of treatment. Levels of miR-455-3p continued to increase on the 7th and 14th days after induction of cell differentiation. MiR-455-3p overexpression promoted cell proliferation, and increased the levels of osteoblast differentiation markers, including ALP, OCN, Collagen I, and RUNX2. MiR-455-3p in MC3T3-E1 cells was directly bound to HDAC2 and negatively regulated. Both MC3T3-E1 differentiation and the fracture healing of patients were accompanied by progressively reduced HDAC2. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-455-3p promotes osteogenic differentiation which may be associated with fracture healing, HDAC2 acts as a target of miR-455-3p in the underlying mechanism.

7.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 5871669, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046073

RESUMO

With the advent of the era of big data, the world is facing the challenge of unprecedented information blowout growth, and Internet information processing technology has also ushered in rapid development. At the same time, charity culture has always been a part that the state and society attach great importance to. It is a form of social wealth redistribution and a supplement to the social security system. Based on this social background and reality, this paper analyzes and explores the psychological changes of charitable cultural behavior by social media based on big data technology. This paper introduces latent semantic analysis and constructs the theoretical framework of social media. This paper introduces the related concepts of heart rate variability and mental state, collects the factor factors and constructs the model, and studies the PLS load and cross load. This paper makes a statistical analysis of the data of charitable donations in China from 2017 to 2021 and tests the validity of the questionnaire from the psychological level. The experimental results show that the correlation between the subscales of the questionnaire and the total scale is between 0.470 and 0.820, and the correlation between the dimensions is between 0.183 and 0.590. The correlation between the dimensions and the total score of the scale is higher than that between the dimensions, which shows that there are both connections and differences between the dimensions of the two scales, which are relatively independent, and the scale has a certain structural validity.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Big Data , China , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tecnologia
8.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 70(9): 637-641, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047235

RESUMO

Human epidermal growth factor (EGFR) is an important target for antitumor drug research. A series of novel quinazolinone derivatives were synthesized and developed as potent inhibitors of EGFR. The results showed that most of the aimed compounds had potential anti-tumor cell proliferation activities. Some compounds were tested for their EGFR inhibitory activity. Especially, compound 6d showed the most potent antitumor activity with IC50 values of 1.58 µM against human breast cancer (MCF-7) cell lines and exhibited the most potent EGFR inhibitory activity with IC50 of 0.77 µM. Docking simulation was performed to position compound 6d into the EGFR active site to determine the probable binding conformation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Quinazolinonas , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Desenho de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinazolinonas/química , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
Glycobiology ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048714

RESUMO

Vertebrate sialic acids (Sias) display much diversity in modifications, linkages and underlying glycans. Slide microarrays allow high-throughput explorations of sialoglycan-protein interactions. A microarray presenting ~150 structurally-defined sialyltrisaccharides with various Sias linkages and modifications still poses challenges in planning, data sorting, visualization and analysis. To address these issues, we devised a simple 9-digit code for sialyltrisaccharides with terminal Sias and underlying two monosaccharides assigned from the non-reducing end, with three digits assigning a monosaccharide, its modifications, and linkage. Calculations based on the encoding system reveal >113,000 likely linear sialyltrisaccharides in nature. Notably a biantennary N-glycan with two terminal sialyltrisaccharides could thus have >1010 potential combinations and a triantennary N-glycan with three terminal sequences, >1015 potential combinations. While all possibilities likely do not exist in nature, sialoglycans encode enormous diversity. While glycomic approaches are used to probe such diverse sialomes, naturally-occurring bacterial AB5 toxin B subunits are simpler tools to track the dynamic sialome in biological systems. Sialoglycan microarray was utilized to compare sialoglycan-recognizing bacterial toxin B subunits. Unlike the poor correlation between B subunits and species phylogeny, there is stronger correlation with Sia-epitope preferences. Further supporting this pattern, we report a B subunit (YenB) from Yersinia enterocolitica (broad host range) recognizing almost all sialoglycans in the microarray, including 4-O-acetylated-Sias not recognized by a Y. pestis orthologue (YpeB). Differential Sia-binding patterns were also observed with phylogenetically-related B subunits from Escherichia coli (SubB), Salmonella Typhi (PltB), S. Typhimurium (ArtB), extra-intestinal E.coli (EcPltB), Vibrio cholera (CtxB), and cholera family homologue of E. coli (EcxB).

10.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 948696, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051304

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that impairment in auditory-vocal integration characterized by abnormally enhanced vocal compensations for auditory feedback perturbations contributes to hypokinetic dysarthria in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, treatment of this abnormality remains a challenge. The present study examined whether abnormalities in auditory-motor integration for vocal pitch regulation in PD can be modulated by neuronavigated continuous theta burst stimulation (c-TBS) over the left supplementary motor area (SMA). After receiving active or sham c-TBS over left SMA, 16 individuals with PD vocalized vowel sounds while hearing their own voice unexpectedly pitch-shifted two semitones upward or downward. A group of pairwise-matched healthy participants was recruited as controls. Their vocal responses and event-related potentials (ERPs) were measured and compared across the conditions. The results showed that applying c-TBS over left SMA led to smaller vocal responses paralleled by smaller P1 and P2 responses and larger N1 responses in individuals with PD. Major neural generators of reduced P2 responses were located in the right inferior and medial frontal gyrus, pre- and post-central gyrus, and insula. Moreover, suppressed vocal compensations were predicted by reduced P2 amplitudes and enhanced N1 amplitudes. Notably, abnormally enhanced vocal and P2 responses in individuals with PD were normalized by c-TBS over left SMA when compared to healthy controls. Our results provide the first causal evidence that abnormalities in auditory-motor control of vocal pitch production in PD can be modulated by c-TBS over left SMA, suggesting that it may be a promising non-invasive treatment for speech motor disorders in PD.

11.
Toxicol Res (Camb) ; 11(4): 673-682, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051666

RESUMO

Background: Clinically, long-term use of tamoxifen (TAM) would lead to fatty liver disease in breast cancer patients, especially obese women. However, the exact mechanism of TAM-induced hepatic steatosis is still unclear. Meanwhile, there is no drug to prevent and treat it. Aims and Methods: In view of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) playing a key role in hepatic lipid metabolism regulation, this study was conducted to investigate whether SIRT1 is a potential therapeutic target for TAM-induced hepatic steatosis. In this study, obese female Wistar rats fed with high-fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks were given TAM (4, 8 mg/kg, intragastric) for 14 days. In vitro, human hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2 was used to establish a high-fat model with 50 µM oleic acid and TAM (10 µM) was treated simultaneously for 72 h. Results: The results showed that TAM was more likely to upregulate the expression of lipid synthetase that caused the increase of lipid content in HepG2 cells and rat liver. The expression of SIRT1 was downregulated both in vitro and in vivo. SIRT1 agonist SRT1720 (15 mg/kg, 30 mg/kg, i.p.) could resist TAM-induced hepatic lipid synthetase overexpression to relieve TAM-induced hepatic steatosis. Meanwhile, the upregulation of p-forkhead box O1 and LXRα induced by TAM was reversed by SRT1720. Conclusions: These results indicated that TAM-induced hepatic steatosis was based on SIRT1-p-FoxO/LXRα-sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c pathway under HFD condition. SIRT1 agonist might be a potential therapeutic drug to relieve this side effect. Highlights: Tamoxifen increased lipid synthesis and regulated lipid transport in HFD rat liver.p-FoxO1/LXRα-SREBP1c signaling was upregulated through the inhibition of SIRT1 in tamoxifen-induced hepatic steatosis under HFD condition.SIRT1 agonist SRT1720 could relieve tamoxifen-induced hepatic steatosis.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 936925, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052134

RESUMO

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a global pandemic in March 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO). As of July 2, 2022, COVID-19 has caused more than 545 million infections and 6.3 million deaths worldwide, posing a significant threat to human health. Currently, there is still a lack of effective prevention and control strategies for the variation and transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has a unique theoretical system, has treated various conditions for thousands of years. Importantly, recent studies have revealed that TCM contributed significantly to COVID-19. SanHanHuaShi (SHHS) granules, a Chinese herbal medicine, which has been included in Protocol for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (6th to 9th editions) issued by the National Health Commission of China and used to prevent and treat COVID-19 disease. A previous retrospective cohort study showed that SHHS could significantly reduce the severity of mild and moderate COVID-19. However, there is an absence of high-quality randomized controlled clinical studies to confirm the clinical effectiveness of SHHS. Therefore, a clinical study protocol and a statistical analysis plan were designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of SHHS for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. This study will increase the integrity and data transparency of the clinical research process, which is of great significance for improving the practical application of SHHS granules in the future. Methods and analysis: The study was designed as a 7-day, randomized, parallel controlled, open-label, noninferiority clinical trial of positive drugs. A total of 240 patients with mild and moderate COVID-19 will be enrolled and randomly assigned to receive SanHanHuaShi granules or LianHuaQingWen granules treatment in a 1:1 ratio. Disease classification, vital signs, SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing, symptoms, medications, adverse events, and safety evaluations will be recorded at each visit. The primary outcome will be the clinical symptom recovery rate. Secondary outcomes will include the recovery time of clinical symptoms, negative conversion time of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test negative conversion rate, hospitalization time, antipyretic time, rate of conversion to severe patients, and time and rate of single symptom recovery. Adverse incidents and safety assessments will be documented. All data will be analyzed using a predetermined statistical analysis plan, including our method for imputation of missing data, primary and secondary outcome analyses, and safety outcomes. Discussion: The results of this study will provide robust evidence to confirm the effectiveness and safety of SHHS in the treatment of COVID-19. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn. Trial number: ChiCTR2200058080. Registered on 29 March 2022.

13.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056690

RESUMO

The present study demonstrated for the first time that SNORA70E, which belongs to box H/ACA small nucleolar noncoding RNAs (snoRNAs) who could bind and induce pseudouridylation of RNAs, was significantly elevated in ovarian cancer tissues and was an unfavourable prognostic factor of ovarian cancer. The over-expression of SNORA70E showed increased cell proliferation, invasion and migration in vitro and induced tumour growth in vivo. Further research found that SNORA70E regulates RAS-Related Protein 1B (RAP1B) mRNA through pseudouracil modification by combing with the pyrimidine synthase Dyskerin Pseudouridine Synthase 1 (DKC1) and increase RAP1B protein level. What's more, the silencing of DKC1/RAP1B in SNORA70E overexpression cells both inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion through reducing ß-catenin, PI3K, AKT1, mTOR, and MMP9 protein levels. Besides, RNA-Seq results revealed that SNORA70E regulates the alternative splicing of PARP-1 binding protein (PARPBP), leading to the 4th exon-skipping in PARPBP-88, forming a new transcript PARPBP-15, which promoted cell invasion, migration and proliferation. Finally, ASO-mediated silencing of SNORA70E could inhibit ovarian cancer cell proliferation, invasion, migration ability in vitro and inhibit tumorigenicity in vivo. In conclusion, SNORA70E promotes the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer through pseudouridylation modification of RAP1B and alternative splicing of PARPBP. Our results demonstrated that SNORA70E may be a new diagnostic and therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.

14.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203020, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050877

RESUMO

Ghrelin contributes to the communication between the brain and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Both decreased ghrelin levels and functional GI disorders are early events in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and animal models. However, the reason is not clear. Here it is found that choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-positive neurons in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DMV), are lost in PD transgenic mice. In response to the selective damaging of DMV neurons with mu p75-SAP, a rapid reduction both in plasma total and active ghrelin levels is observed. While by contrast, chemogenetic activation of DMV cholinergic neurons can increase the plasma ghrelin levels. Impairment of cholinergic neurons is accompanied by GI disorders, including decreased stool wet weight, stool dry weight, small intestine advancing rate, and gastric emptying rate, while exogenous ghrelin treatment can partially ameliorate GI dysfunction of A53T α-synuclein transgenic mice. Using pseudorabies virus retrograde trace method, the existence of a direct pathway from the stomach fundus to the DMV is shown. Taken together, the findings suggest that the reduction in plasma ghrelin levels in the early stages of PD may be the result of the lesion of cholinergic neurons in the DMV, thus linking neurodegeneration and GI dysfunction in PD.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094135

RESUMO

A series of heterometallic tetranuclear clusters, Ln2Ni2(NO3)4L4(µ3-OCH3)2·2(CH3CN) (Ln = Gd(1), Tb(2), Dy(3), Ho(4), Er(5); HL = methyl 3-methoxysalicylate), were synthesized solvothermally. The intramolecular synergistic effect of two metal centers of Ln(III) and Ni(II) and the exposed multimetallic sites serving as Lewis acid activators greatly increase the efficiency of the CO2 conversion, and the yield for cluster 3 can be achieved at 96% at atmospheric pressure and low temperature. In particular, the self-assembly multimetal center with polydentate ligand shows good generality and enhanced recyclability. The design of such 3d-4f heterometallic clusters provides an effective strategy for the conversion of CO2 under greener conditions. Meanwhile, magnetic investigations indicate that cluster 1 is a good candidate for magnetic refrigerant materials with a relatively large magnetocaloric effect (MCE) (-ΔSm = 28.5 J kg-1 K-1 at 3.0 K and 7.0 T), and cluster 3 shows single-molecular magnet behavior under zero dc field. Heterometallic clusters with special magnetic properties and good catalytic behavior for the conversion of CO2 are rare. Thus, they are potential bifunctional materials applied in practice.

16.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094898

RESUMO

The construction of heterostructures is one of the most promising strategies for engineering interfaces of catalysts to perform high-efficiency oxygen evolution reaction (OER). However, accurately tuning heterostructures' interface during operation remains a challenge. Herein, we fabricated the needled-like heterostructure Co1-xS/Co(OH)F supported on flexible carbon fiber cloth via an atomic substitution strategy, in which sulfur atoms are simultaneously grafted into F vacancies after the partial removal of F atoms from Co(OH)F during the electrodeposition, thus achieving the growth of cobalt sulfide on the interface of Co(OH)F. This electrocatalyst with such design exhibits the following advantages: (1) The lattice distortion caused by atomic substitution leads to the increase of active sites; (2) Co1-xS constructed on the surface of Co(OH)F by the atomic replacement strategy optimizes the adsorption (OH-) and desorption (O2) energy in the OER process; (3) the needle-like structure possesses the tip-enhanced local electric field effect. As a result, the Co1-xS/Co(OH)F/CC catalyst exhibits very high OER catalytic performance with an overpotential of 269 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 and a Tafel slope of 71 mV dec-1. The asymmetric electrode shows superior catalytic activity and stability in overall water splitting. The catalytic mechanism of these highly efficient Co1-xS/Co(OH)F/CC catalysts was investigated via DFT theoretical calculations and ex situ characterizations. This atomic substitution strategy displays universality for other transition metal sulfides (metal = Ni, Mn, Cu).

17.
Am J Med Sci ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084706

RESUMO

Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is a prevalent kind of heart failure in which a significant amount of the ejection fraction can be repaired, and left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction can be reversed or even restored completely. However, a considerable number of patients still present clinical signs and biochemical features of incomplete recovery from the pathophysiology of heart failure and are at risk for adverse outcomes such as re-deterioration of systolic function and recurrence of HFrEF. Furthermore, it is revealed from a microscopic perspective that even if partial or complete reverse remodeling occurs, the morphological changes of cardiomyocytes, extracellular matrix deposition, and abnormal transcription and expression of pathological genes still exist. Patients with "recovered ejection fraction" have milder clinical symptoms and better outcomes than those with continued reduction of ejection fraction. Based on the unique characteristics of this subgroup and the existence of many unknowns, the academic community defines it as a new category-heart failure with recovered ejection fraction (HFrecEF). Because there is a shortage of natural history data for this population as well as high-quality clinical and basic research data, it is difficult to accurately evaluate clinical risk and manage this population. This review will present the current understanding of HFrecEF from the limited literature.

18.
Adv Mater ; : e2205284, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085249

RESUMO

Long cycling lifespan is a prerequisite for practical utilization of lithium-sulfur batteries yet is restricted by the side reactions between soluble polysulfides and lithium metal anodes. The regulation on solvation structure of polysulfides renders encapsulating-polysulfides electrolyte (EPSE) that emerges as a promising solution to suppress the parasitic reactions. The solvating power of the solvents in the outer solvent shell of lithium polysulfides is critical for the encapsulation effect of EPSE. Herein a typical hydrofluoroether, 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl ether (HFE) is demonstrated as a superior outer-shell solvent to construct EPSE. On the basis of the large steric hindrance of fluorohydrocarbon chains, the electron-withdrawing -CF2 - segment further endows HFE molecule with prominently weak solvating power. The HFE-EPSE improves the lifespan from 54 to 135 cycles of lithium-sulfur batteries with ultrathin lithium metal anodes (50 µm) and high-areal-loading sulfur cathodes (4.4 mg cm-2 ). Furthermore, a 334 Wh kg-1 lithium-sulfur pouch cell (2.4 Ah level) with HFE-EPSE stably undergoes 25 cycles. This work demonstrates the vital role of weakening solvating power of the outer-shell solvent of lithium polysulfides to construct superior EPSE and inspires the significance of regulating the solvation chemistry of polysulfides to achieve long cycling lifespan of working lithium-sulfur batteries. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Parasit Vectors ; 15(1): 318, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cryptocaryon irritans is a fatal parasite for marine teleosts and causes severe economic loss for aquaculture. Galvanized materials have shown efficacy in controlling this parasite infestation through the release of zinc ions to induce oxidative stress. METHODS: In this study, the resistance mechanism in C. irritans against oxidative stress induced by zinc ions was investigated. Untargeted metabolomics analysis was used to determine metabolic regulation in C. irritans in response to zinc ion treatment by the immersion of protomonts in ZnSO4 solution at a sublethal dose (20 µmol). Eight differential metabolites were selected to assess the efficacy of defense against zinc ion stimulation in protomonts of C. irritans. Furthermore, the mRNA relative levels of glutathione metabolism-associated enzymes were measured in protomonts following treatment with ZnSO4 solution at sublethal dose. RESULTS: The results showed that zinc ion exposure disrupted amino acid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism, and nucleotide metabolism in C. irritans. Four antioxidants, namely ascorbate, S-hexyl-glutathione, syringic acid, and ubiquinone-1, were significantly increased in the Zn group (P < 0.01), while the glutathione metabolism pathway was enhanced. The encystment rate of C. irritans was significantly higher in the ascorbate and methionine treatment (P < 0.05) groups. Additionally, at 24 h post-zinc ion exposure, the relative mRNA level of glutathione reductase (GR) was increased significantly (P < 0.01). On the contrary, the relative mRNA levels of glutathione S-transferase (GT) and phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), thus indicating that the generation of reduced glutathione was enhanced. CONCLUSIONS: These results revealed that glutathione metabolism in C. irritans contributes to oxidative stress resistance from zinc ions, and could be a potential drug target for controlling C. irritans infection.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo , Zinco , Glutationa/metabolismo , Íons , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
20.
Br J Anaesth ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early exposure to general anaesthetics for multiple surgeries or procedures might negatively affect brain development. Recent studies indicate the importance of microbiota in the development of stress-related behaviours. We determined whether repeated anaesthesia and surgery in early life cause gut microbiota dysbiosis and anxiety-like behaviours in rats. METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats received skin incisions under sevoflurane 2.3 vol% three times during the first week of life. After 4 weeks, gut microbiota, anxiety-related behaviours, hippocampal serotonergic activity, and plasma stress hormones were tested. Subsequently, we explored the effect of faecal microbiota transplantation from multiple anaesthesia/surgery exposed rats after administration of a cocktail of antibiotics on anxiety-related behaviours. RESULTS: Anxiety-like behaviours were observed in rats with repeated anaesthesia/surgery exposures: In the OF test, multiple anaesthesia/surgery exposures induced a decrease in the time spent in the centre compared to the Control group (P<0.05, t=3.05, df=16, Cohen's d=1.44, effect size=0.58). In the EPM test, rats in Multiple AS group travelled less (P<0.05, t=5.09, df=16, Cohen's d=2.40, effective size=0.77) and spent less time (P<0.05, t=3.58, df=16, Cohen's d=1.69, effect size=0.65) in the open arms when compared to the Control group. Repeated exposure caused severe gut microbiota dysbiosis, with exaggerated stress response (P<0.01, t=4.048, df=16, Cohen's d=-1.91, effect size=-0.69), a significant increase in the hippocampal concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) (P<0.05; for 5-HT: t=3.33, df=18, Cohen's d=-1.49, effect size=-0.60; for 5-HIAA: t=3.12, df=18, Cohen's d=-1.40, effect size=-0.57), and changes in gene expression of serotonergic receptors later in life (for Htr1a: P<0.001, t=4.49, df=16, Cohen's d=2.24, effect size=0.75; for Htr2c: P<0.01, t=3.72, df=16, Cohen's d=1.86, effect size=0.68; for Htr6: P<0.001, t=7.76, df=16, Cohen's d=3.88, effect size=0.89). Faecal microbiota transplantation led to similar anxiety-like behaviours and changes in the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid. CONCLUSIONS: Gut microbiota dysbiosis caused by early repeated exposure to anaesthesia and surgery affects long-term anxiety emotion behaviours in rats.

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