Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 827
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1027-33, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish and promote the non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment mode based on mobile internet for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with moxibustion therapy, and to observe the feasibility and effectiveness of the model in the pandemic. METHODS: A total of 43 first-line medical staff and 149 suspected and confirmed cases with COVID-19 [18 cases in medical observation period, 17 cases of mild type (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung), 24 cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung) and 90 cases in recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung)] were included. A non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment platform was established for the treatment of COVID-19 with indirect moxibustion plaster based on mobile internet. By the platform, the patients were instructed to use indirect moxibustion plaster in treatment. For the first-line medical staff and patients in the medical observation period, Zusanli (ST 36), Qihai (CV 6) and Zhongwan (CV 12) were selected. For the mild cases (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung) and the cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected. In the recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung), Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Zusanli (ST 36) and Kongzui (LU 6) were used. The treatment was given once daily for 40 min each time. The intervention lasted for 10 days. After intervention, the infection rate and the improvement in the symptoms and psychological status of COVID-19 were observed in clinical first-line medical staff and COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: In 10 days of intervention with indirect moxibustion plaster, there was "zero" infection among medical staff. Of 43 first-line physicians and nurses, 33 cases had some physical symptoms and psychological discomforts, mainly as low back pain, poor sleep and anxiety. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 78.8% (26/33) and the curative rate was 36.4% (12/33). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 58.3% (14/24) and the curative rate was 37.5 (9/24). Of 149 patients, 133 cases had the symptoms and psychological discomforts. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 81.2% (108/133) and the curative rate was 34.6% (46/133). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 76.5% (52/68) and the curative rate was 57.4 % (39/68). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to apply the indirect moxibustion plaster technique based on mobile internet to the treatment COVID-19. This mode not only relieves the symptoms such as cough and fatigue, improves psychological state, but also possibly prevents the first-line medical staff from COVID-19.

2.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 11(10): e00252, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031198

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In randomized controlled trials, L-menthol inhibits gastrointestinal peristalsis during endoscopy. Our goal was to quantitatively synthesize the available evidence to evaluate the efficacy and safety of L-menthol for gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: We comprehensively searched for relevant studies published up to January 2020 in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. The main outcomes consisted of the proportion of no peristalsis, proportion of no or mild peristalsis, adenoma detection rate, and adverse events. RESULTS: Eight randomized controlled trials analyzing 1,366 subjects were included. According to the pooled data, L-menthol significantly improved the proportion of no peristalsis (odds ratio [OR] = 6.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.94-8.57, P < 0.00001), and the proportion of no or mild peristalsis (OR = 7.89, 95% CI = 5.03-12.39, P < 0.00001) compared with the placebo, whereas it was not associated with an improvement in the adenoma detection rate (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.54-1.99, P = 0.92). Adverse events did not differ significantly between the 2 groups (OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 0.75-2.59, P = 0.29). DISCUSSION: The findings of this study support the use of L-menthol to suppress gastrointestinal peristalsis during endoscopic procedure.

3.
J Med Internet Res ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in ICU have a high mortality rate, and how to early assess the prognosis and carry out precise treatment is of great significance. OBJECTIVE: To use machine learning to construct a model for the analysis of risk factors and prediction of death among ICU patients with COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 123 COVID-19 patients inthe ICU of Vulcan Hill Hospital were selected from the database, and data were randomly divided into a training data set (n = 98) and test data set (n = 25) with a 4:1 ratio. Significance tests, analysis of correlation and factor analysis were used to screen the 100 potential risk factors individually. Conventional logistic regression methods and four machine learning algorithms were used to construct the risk prediction model for the prognosis of COVID-19 patients in ICU. Performance of these machine learning models was measured by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Model interpretation and model evaluation of the risk prediction model, such as calibration curve, SHAP, LIME, etc., were performed to ensure its stability and reliability.The outcome is based on the ICU death recorded from the database. RESULTS: Layer-by-layer screening of 100 potential risk factors finallyrevealed 8 important risk factors that were included in the risk prediction model: lymphocyte percentage (LYM%), prothrombin time (PT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total bilirubin (T-Bil), percentage of eosinophils (EOS%), creatinine(Cr), neutrophil percentage (NEUT%), albumin (ALB) level. Finally, eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) established by 8 important risk factors showed the best recognition ability in the training set of 5-fold cross validation (AUC=0.86) and the verification queue (AUC=0.92). The calibration curve showed that the risk predicted by the model was in good agreement with the actual risk. In addition, using SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) and Local Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanations (LIME) algorithms, feature interpretation and sample prediction interpretation algorithms of the XGBoost black box model were implemented. Additionally, the model has been translated into an online risk calculator that is freely available for the public usage ( http://114.251.235.51:1226/index). CONCLUSIONS: The 8 factors XGBoost model predicts risk of death in ICU patients with COVID-19 well,which initially demonstrates stability and can be used effectively to predict COVID-19 prognosis in ICU patients.

4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(21): 127401, 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871539

RESUMO

Telomeric repeat binding factor 2 (TRF2) plays an important role in protecting telomeres from being recognized as DNA breaks. TRF2 performs its telomere protecting functions partially by recruiting a number of accessory proteins to telomeres through its TRF homology (TFRH) domain. Identification of small molecular compounds which can bind to the TRFH domain of TRF2 and block the interactions between TRF2 and its associated proteins is crucial for elucidating the molecular mechanisms of these protein-protein interactions. Using a previously identified peptidic mimetic of ApolloTBM as a lead compound, we designed and synthesized a series of novel TRF2 inhibitors by non-peptidic modifications of the N-terminal residues. These compounds can maintain the binding affinities to TRF2 but have much reduced peptidic characteristics compared to the lead compound.

5.
Pancreas ; 49(9): 1161-1167, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology, etiology, severity, and outcomes of acute pancreatitis (AP) in the southern Sichuan region of China. METHODS: All patients with first-attack AP between 2013 and 2018 in the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University were retrospectively identified. The etiology tendency was analyzed, and the relationship was defined with sex, aging, severity, length of stay, and mortality. RESULTS: Three thousand twenty-eight patients were enrolled for analysis. Acute biliary pancreatitis had the highest incidence rate; the second and third most common causes were hypertriglyceridemic (14.4%) and alcoholic (14.2%), followed by idiopathic (13.6%), mixed etiology (12.9%), and miscellaneous (2.31%). Patients with alcoholic AP were more likely to be middle-aged males, whereas patients with acute biliary pancreatitis were more likely to be elderly females (P < 0.05). The overall mortality in the hospital was 1%, and there was no difference in each etiological groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Biliary disease was the predominant etiology of AP in southern Sichuan of China, and hypertriglyceridemia ranked second. The proportion of hypertriglyceridemic AP and mixed etiology AP gradually increased, whereas idiopathic AP decreased. There were different etiology proportion of AP according age, sex, and severity.

6.
Cell Prolif ; : e12899, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Stem cell niche regulated the renewal and differentiation of germline stem cells (GSCs) in Drosophila. Previously, we and others identified a series of genes encoding ribosomal proteins that may contribute to the self-renewal and differentiation of GSCs. However, the mechanisms that maintain and differentiate GSCs in their niches were not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flies were used to generate tissue-specific gene knockdown. Small interfering RNAs were used to knockdown genes in S2 cells. qRT-PCR was used to examine the relative mRNA expression level. TUNEL staining or flow cytometry assays were used to detect cell survival. Immunofluorescence was used to determine protein localization and expression pattern. RESULTS: Herein, using a genetic manipulation approach, we investigated the role of ribosomal protein S13 (RpS13) in testes and S2 cells. We reported that RpS13 was required for the self-renewal and differentiation of GSCs. We also demonstrated that RpS13 regulated cell proliferation and apoptosis. Mechanistically, we showed that RpS13 regulated the expression of ribosome subunits and could moderate the expression of the Rho1, DE-cad and Arm proteins. Notably, Rho1 imitated the phenotype of RpS13 in both Drosophila testes and S2 cells, and recruited cell adhesions, which was mediated by the DE-cad and Arm proteins. CONCLUSION: These findings uncover a novel mechanism of RpS13 that mediates Rho1 signals in the stem cell niche of the Drosophila testis.

7.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 122, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that resistance to CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cell therapy may be due to the presence of CD19 isoforms that lose binding to the single-chain variable fragment (scFv) in current use. As such, further investigation of CARs recognize different epitopes of CD19 antigen may be necessary. METHODS: We generated a new CD19 CAR T (HI19α-4-1BB-ζ CAR T, or CNCT19) that includes an scFv that interacts with an epitope of the human CD19 antigen that can be distinguished from that recognized by the current FMC63 clone. A pilot study was undertaken to assess the safety and feasibility of CNCT19-based therapy in both pediatric and adult patients with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL). RESULTS: Data from our study suggested that 90% of the 20 patients treated with infusions of CNCT19 cells reached complete remission or complete remission with incomplete count recovery (CR/CRi) within 28 days. The CR/CRi rate was 82% when we took into account the fully enrolled 22 patients in an intention-to-treat analysis. Of note, extramedullary leukemia disease of two relapsed patients disappeared completely after CNCT19 cell infusion. After a median follow-up of 10.09 months (range, 0.49-24.02 months), the median overall survival and relapse-free survival for the 20 patients treated with CNCT19 cells was 12.91 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.74-18.08 months) and 6.93 months (95% CI, 3.13-10.73 months), respectively. Differences with respect to immune profiles associated with a long-term response following CAR T cell therapy were also addressed. Our results revealed that a relatively low percentage of CD8+ naïve T cells was an independent factor associated with a shorter period of relapse-free survival (p = 0.012, 95% CI, 0.017-0.601). CONCLUSIONS: The results presented in this study indicate that CNCT19 cells have potent anti-leukemic activities in patients with R/R B-ALL. Furthermore, our findings suggest that the percentage of CD8+ naïve T cells may be a useful biomarker to predict the long-term prognosis for patients undergoing CAR T cell therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov : NCT02975687; registered 29 November, 2016. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/keydates/NCT02975687.

8.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 43(9): 1315-1323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879205

RESUMO

Vascular dementia (VD) is a common neurodegenerative disease, and the cognitive dysfunction is a major manifestation of VD. Lots of evidences showed that beta-amyloid (Aß) deposition and neuroinflammation act as vital elements in the progress of VD. The previous studies showed that osthole (OST) can improve the cognitive function of VD and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the effect of OST on Aß in VD brain is still unclear. Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) of rats were used to investigate the effect of OST on Aß through nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in this study. Morris Water Maze and Y-maze were used to test the spatial learning, memory and working abilities. Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and Nissl staining were used to observe the morphology and number of hippocampal neurons. Immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the number of microglia activated. Western blot was used to detect the expression of proteins. The study results showed that OST obviously enhanced the spatial learning, memory and working abilities induced by modified bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) in rats, improved the pathological damage of hippocampal neurons induced by BCCAO in rats, inhibited the activation of microglia induced by BCCAO in rats. Furthermore, this study also discovered that OST reduced Aß deposition in VD hippocampus via inhibition the NLRP3 inflammasome. Together, these results suggest that OST reduces Aß deposition via inhibition NLRP3 inflammasome in microglial in VD.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22114, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bromhexine hydrochloride tablets may be effective in the treatment of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children. This study will further evaluate the efficacy and safety of bromhexine hydrochloride tablets in the treatment of COVID-19 in children. METHODS: The following electronic databases will be searched, with all relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) up to August 2020 to be included: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the Chongqing VIP China Science and Technology Database (VIP), Wanfang, the Technology Periodical Database, and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM). As well as the above, Baidu, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), Google Scholar, and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR) will also be searched to obtain more comprehensive data. Besides, the references of the included literature will also be traced to supplement our search results and to obtain all relevant literature. RESULTS: This systematic review will evaluate the current status of bromhexine hydrochloride in the treatment of COVID-19 in children, to evaluate its efficacy and safety. CONCLUSION: This study will provide the latest evidence for evaluating the efficacy and safety of bromhexine hydrochloride in the treatment of COVID-19 in children. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020199805. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information of individuals will not be published. This systematic review will also not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not available. The results may be published in peer-reviewed journals or disseminated at relevant conferences.


Assuntos
Bromoexina/farmacologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Expectorantes/farmacologia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Org Chem ; 85(19): 12526-12534, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894946

RESUMO

A copper-catalyzed radical cascade dehydrogenative cyclization of N-tosyl-8-ethynyl-1-naphthylamines under air is described herein for the synthesis of thioazafluoranthenes. The reaction proceeds smoothly with high efficiency and a broad reaction scope. The product is indeed a new fluorophore and its photophysical properties are also investigated. Based on the results, we are pleased to find that the Stokes shift of amino-linked thioazafluoranthenes in dilute tetrahydrofuran is determined to be 143 nm (4830 cm-1).

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962932

RESUMO

Echocardiography is a unique diagnostic tool for intraoperative monitoring and assessment of patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, there are high levels of interoperator variations in echocardiography interpretations that could lead to inaccurate diagnosis and incorrect treatment. Furthermore, anesthesiologists are faced with the additional challenge to interpret echocardiography and make decisions in a limited timeframe from these complex data. The need for an automated, less operator-dependent process that enhances speed and accuracy of echocardiography analysis is crucial for anesthesiologists. Artificial intelligence is playing an increasingly important role in the medical field and could help anesthesiologists analyze complex echocardiographic data while adding increased accuracy and consistency to interpretation. This review aims to summarize practical use of artificial intelligence in echocardiography and discusses potential limitations and challenges in the future for anesthesiologists.

12.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(3): 2649-2656, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32765758

RESUMO

Optimal treatment options for post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) have not yet been established. The present study retrospectively analyzed the effect of budesonide, montelukast and azithromycin on treating PIBO in children <5 years old.. Based on treatment regimen, the cohort was divided into group A and group B. Group A received a combination of budesonide, montelukast and azithromycin for at least 3 months and group B received unconventional treatment (budesonide for nebulization intermittently, prednisone, montelukast and antibiotics if necessary) compared with standard treatment. Tidal pulmonary function and symptoms assessment were performed at diagnosis and after 3 months of therapy. There were no significant differences in the sex, age, pulmonary function and symptoms assessment between groups A and B at diagnosis. However, following 3 months of treatment, the time to peak tidal expiratory flow as a proportion of expiratory time, and volume to peak expiratory flow as a proportion of exhaled volume in group A were significantly higher compared with those in group B. The respiratory rate in group A was significantly lower compared with group B. The symptoms assessment score in group A was significantly higher compared with that of group B. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that combination therapy with budesonide, montelukast and azithromycin improves pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in PIBO children <5 years old. The present study was retrospectively registered on March 22, 2020 with register no. YY202003-008-HB03.

13.
Food Res Int ; 136: 109303, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846515

RESUMO

As the major biologically active constituents in Ganoderma species, Ganoderma triterpenoids (GTs) also showed potential anti-obesity effect in recent reports. To further elucidate the anti-obesity effect of GTs, four new compounds Ganoderenses H-K (1-4) and four known compounds (5-8) from Ganoderma resinaceum were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of Ganoderenses H (1), I (2), and Resinacein S (Res S; 5) were confirmed for the first time by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Then the effects of these triterpenoids on brown/beige adipocytes were further analyzed in vitro. Our results may be summarized as follows: (1) Res S reduced lipid droplets size by regulating lipid metabolism, but not affect the differentiation of C3H10T1/2 cells. (2) Res S increased the expression of brown and beige adipocytes markers and enhanced the activity of brown and beige adipocytes (e.g., increased ß-oxidation and pro-lipolytic activities et al.) in differentiated C3H10T1/2 cells. (3) Res S induced mitochondrial biogenesis and increased mitochondrial OCR in differentiated C3H10T1/2 cells. In conclusion, Res S is potential for activating the function of brown and beige adipocytes, thus having potential therapeutic implications for obesity and associated metabolic diseases.

14.
Life Sci ; 261: 118351, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858039

RESUMO

AIMS: Numerous studies suggest that excessive maternal inflammation and defective extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invasion could contribute to the development of preeclampsia (PE), but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Some evidence suggests that CyPA is elevated in PE. This research aims to investigate the effect of recombinant human CyPA on trophoblast migration and invasion both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We detected the expression and localization of CyPA in human placenta and explored the effects of CyPA on cell migration and invasion on HTR8/SVneo cell. Additionally, the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2/9 and molecules in the p38/ERK/JNK signaling pathway were detected. We established a mouse model by injecting pregnant mice with recombinant human CyPA and measured blood pressure, albumin/creatinine ratio, fetal and placenta weight of mice. Moreover, we examined the placental histology and MMP-2/9 and p38/ERK/JNK expression. KEY FINDINGS: Our results showed that CyPA inhibited the migration and invasion of HTR8/SVneo cells in a dose-dependent manner, decreasing the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2/9 and molecules in the p38/ERK/JNK signaling pathway. Silencing CyPA could reverse the above effects. Moreover, CyPA could induce PE-like features in pregnant mice and disrupt the structure of the mouse placenta by reducing the junctional zone area. CyPA attenuated the trophoblast invasiveness in mice placenta by downregulating MMP-2/9 expression and p38/ERK/JNK pathway activity. SIGNIFICANCE: We proposed that CyPA could inhibit trophoblast migration and invasion both in vitro and in vivo, which was involved in PE development.

15.
BMJ Open ; 10(8): e033803, 2020 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847900

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emergence delirium (ED) is a common adverse manifestation after general anaesthesia and may result in undesirable consequences. Its causes and mechanisms are diverse and complex, and it is still unavoidable in clinical work. There is a high incidence of ED after otorhinolaryngology surgery, which may result from the sudden loss of functional senses and discomfort of surgical organs. This study aims to test a non-invasive, non-drug treatment modality of nose clamping and mouth-breathing training before surgery to reduce ED. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective randomised controlled trial (RCT) will include 200 patients who undergo functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) at Shanghai General Hospital, China. Study participants will be randomly assigned in two groups with a 1:1 ratio. The pretreatment group (P-group) will receive an intervention by nasal splint and mouth-breathing training before surgery, while the control group (C-group) will not receive any intervention; following which both groups will undergo FESS under general anaesthesia in accordance with the same anaesthesia scheme. After surgery, we will perform a single-blinded assessment of ED occurrence with stratification. IBM SPSS Statistics V.20 statistical software will be used for statistical analyses. A X2 test will be used to compare the two groups, and t-tests will determine the statistical significance of continuous variables. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This RCT was designed in accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai General Hospital, ID: 2019KY039.We expect to release the original data in February 2022 on the ResMan original data sharing platform (IPD sharing platform) of the China clinical trial registry, which can be viewed at the following website:http://www.medresman.org.cn/pub/cn/proj/projectshow.aspx?proj=6293. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1900024925.

16.
Poult Sci ; 99(8): 3865-3876, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731973

RESUMO

The cuticle is the outmost layer of the eggshell and may affect the hatchability by modulating eggshell conductance. Three different solutions using acetic acid (AA), vinegar (V), and citric acid (CA) for cuticle removal by egg washing were developed, and the effects of cuticle removal on hatching performance of quail hatching eggs were evaluated. A total of 5,238 fresh quail hatching eggs were randomly divided into 9 treatments as follows: unwashed control, nondipped (CND); washed control, water dipped (CWD); standard control, 0.13% sodium hyperchlorite (CSH); 2% AA (AA2); 4% AA (AA4); 44.4% V (V2); 88.8% V (V4); 2% CA (CA2); and 4% CA (CA4). Overall, AA4, V4, and CA4 treatments significantly improved the hatchability of fertile eggs (95.42%, 94.16% and 95.66%, respectively) (P < 0.05) and the hatchability of CND, CWD, CSH, AA2, V2 and CA2 treatments were 90.98%, 93.00%, 92.27%, 79.44%, 90.37%, and 90.59%, respectively. The eggshell thickness and cuticle quality results showed that all AA, V, and CA solutions can effectively remove the quail eggshell cuticle, and AA4, V4 and CA4 significantly decreased eggshell thickness (P < 0.05). Microbial activity on the eggshell surface in all acid treatments was reduced significantly at day 0 of incubation (P < 0.05) and that significantly decreased than controlled treatments over the incubation period except AA2 treatment. Egg weight loss was lower for all acid treatments than that of the CND treatment (P < 0.05). There was no clear effect of treatments on chick quality. Hatch time in AA4, V4, and CA4 treatments slightly improved compared with controlled treatments (P > 0.05). There were no significant differences between treatments for chick livability and live weight at the first 21 D of life. Results of the present study indicate that cuticle removal with AA4, V4, or CA4 could effectively decrease the microbial activity on the eggshell surface during the incubation period and improve hatchability of quail hatching eggs without negative effects on hatch time and performance of quail chicks.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21757, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846801

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare cerebrovascular condition, which mainly manifests as headaches, seizures, and focal neurological deficits. JAK2 mutation in myeloproliferative diseases increases the risk of CVT. PATIENT CONCERNS: This 40-year-old woman suffered from rapidly progressive cognitive impairment and limb weakness. Her symptoms worsened while being treated with mannitol with the diagnose of cerebral hemorrhage. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with CVT and multiple intracranial hemorrhage caused by JAK2 V617F mutation-positive primary myelofibrosis by neuroimage and whole-exome sequencing. INTERVENTION: She received low-molecular-weight heparin sodium 3800 IU twice a day followed by oral anticoagulant therapy. OUTCOMES: The patient showed full recovery from limb weakness and in the follow-up period she noticed no change in her memory. LESSONS: Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of the JAK2 V617F mutation in CVT patients without known causes or risk factors.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Trombose Intracraniana/etiologia , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Mielofibrose Primária/complicações , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Trombose Intracraniana/tratamento farmacológico , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Carbohydr Res ; 496: 108093, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738718

RESUMO

Sulfated polysaccharides play important roles in angiogenesis. However, the impact of structural alteration of sulfated polysaccharide on the bioactivity is still vague. In this study, binding between different sulfated polysaccharides and bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP2) was measured to understand the sense of this motif transformation. The results showed that binding between sulfated α-1,4-glucan and BMP2 was the most intensive. The branch of α-1,4-glucan was important for the binding. The affinity of sulfated polysaccharides to BMP2 increased as the molecular weight (MW) and degree of substitution (DS) increased. DS that exceeded 1.05 impaired binding and played more important role in polysaccharide BMP2 interaction than MW. The reservation of partial 6-OH would benefit its binding ability to BMP2. Further, we showed that sulfated polysaccharides with strong binding to BMP2 blocked phosphorylation of Smad 1/5/8 and expression of Id1 to a greater extent than those not strongly bind to BMP2. The binding strength of polysaccharides to BMP2 increased, so did the potency of the anti-angiogenesis effects.

19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812343

RESUMO

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a severe complication of preterm infants characterized by increased alveolarization and inflammation. Premature exposure to hyperoxia is believed to be a key contributor to the pathogenesis of BPD. No effective preventive or therapeutic agents have been created. Stimulator of interferon gene (STING) is associated with inflammation and apoptosis in various lung diseases. Long non-coding RNA MALAT1 has been reported to be involved in BPD. However, how MALAT1 regulates STING expression remains unknown. In this study, we assessed that STING and MALAT1 were up-regulated in the lung tissue from BPD neonates, hyperoxia-based rat models and lung epithelial cell lines. Then, using the flow cytometry and cell proliferation assay, we found that down-regulating of STING or MALAT1 inhibited the apoptosis and promoted the proliferation of hyperoxia-treated cells. Subsequently, qRT-PCR, Western blotting and dual-luciferase reporter assays showed that suppressing MALAT1 decreased the expression and promoter activity of STING. Moreover, transcription factor CREB showed its regulatory role in the transcription of STING via a chromatin immunoprecipitation. In conclusion, MALAT1 interacts with CREB to regulate STING transcription in BPD neonates. STING, CREB and MALAT1 may be promising therapeutic targets in the prevention and treatment of BPD.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(38): 43073-43082, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32851841

RESUMO

Using temporal dimension in optical multiplexing is a promising method to increase the security of data encryption. However, adjusting the fluorescence lifetime of light-emitting material often results in inevitable changes in their fluorescence spectra, which is unfavorable for confidential information protection. Here, we report the preparation of various perovskite quantum dot/polymer nanospheres (PQD/polymer) with tunable and long fluorescence lifetimes but identical fluorescence spectra, which are ideal multidimensional data encryption materials. This new data encryption strategy utilizes the water sensitivity of perovskite and achieves spatial dimension encryption of information using different water stabilities between uncoated perovskite quantum dots and PQD/polymer. The fluorescence lifetime of PQD/polymer is used as the coding element to achieve temporal dimension data encryption, and the data are decrypted by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy and time-gated luminescence imaging techniques. This study shows the potential of PQD/polymer as a new class of materials for advanced data encryption.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA