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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5989, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645818

RESUMO

Liquid-liquid phase separation promotes the formation of membraneless condensates that mediate diverse cellular functions, including autophagy of misfolded proteins. However, how phase separation participates in autophagy of dysfunctional mitochondria (mitophagy) remains obscure. We previously discovered that nuclear receptor Nur77 (also called TR3, NGFI-B, or NR4A1) translocates from the nucleus to mitochondria to mediate celastrol-induced mitophagy through interaction with p62/SQSTM1. Here, we show that the ubiquitinated mitochondrial Nur77 forms membraneless condensates capable of sequestrating damaged mitochondria by interacting with the UBA domain of p62/SQSTM1. However, tethering clustered mitochondria to the autophagy machinery requires an additional interaction mediated by the N-terminal intrinsically disordered region (IDR) of Nur77 and the N-terminal PB1 domain of p62/SQSTM1, which confers Nur77-p62/SQSTM1 condensates with the magnitude and liquidity. Our results demonstrate how composite multivalent interaction between Nur77 and p62/SQSTM1 coordinates to sequester damaged mitochondria and to connect targeted cargo mitochondria for autophagy, providing mechanistic insight into mitophagy.

2.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 814-820, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications. METHODS: The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants. RESULTS: A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25+6 weeks, 26-26+6 weeks, 27-27+6 weeks, 28-28+6 weeks, 29-29+6 weeks, 30-30+6 weeks, and 31-31+6 weeks had a survival rate of 32.5%, 60.6%, 68.0%, 82.9%, 90.1%, 92.3%, and 94.8% respectively. The survival rate tended to increase with the gestational age (P<0.05) and the survival rate without serious complications in each gestational age group was 7.5%, 18.1%, 34.5%, 52.2%, 66.7%, 75.7%, and 81.8% respectively, suggesting that the survival rate without serious complications increased with the gestational age (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids were protective factors against death in very preterm infants (P<0.05), and 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 was a risk factor for death in very preterm infants (P<0.05); high gestational age and high birth weight were protective factors against serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05), while 5-minute Apgar score ≤3 and maternal chorioamnionitis were risk factors for serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Assuntos
Doenças do Prematuro , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(10): 1633-1645, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333698

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, non-motile, brilliant yellow and non-spore forming, coccoid- or short rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain KSK16Y-1T, was isolated from surface-sterilised leaf of Rhizophora stylosa collected from Shankou Mangrove Nature Reserve, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Genome of strain KSK16Y-1T is 4.93 Mb with 68.1% DNA G + C content and encoded 4359 predicted proteins, 4 rRNAs, 45 tRNAs and 4 ncRNA. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the strain KSK16Y-1T has 98.1%, 97.9% and 96.9% 16S rRNA gene similarities with Jiella aquimaris JCM 30119T, J. endophytica CBS5Q-3T and J. pacifica 40Bstr34T, respectively. Whole-genome comparisons between strain KSK16Y-1T and J. aquimaris 22II-16-19i, J. endophytica CBS5Q-3T, J. pacifica 40Bstr34T, using average nucleotide identity (ANI) values (< 82.0%) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values (< 25.1%), confirmed low genome relatedness. Strain KSK16Y-1T grew at 20-30 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.0) and with 0-10% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-2%). Cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the major fatty acid was C18:1ω7c. The polar lipid profile consists of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, one unknown phospholipid, one unknown aminolipid, one unknown aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids. The predominant respiratory quinone is ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The polyphasic characterization indicated that strain KSK16Y-1T represents a novel Jiella species. The name Jiella mangrovi sp. nov., type strain KSK16Y-1T (= CGMCC 1.18745T = JCM 34332T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Rhizophoraceae , Alphaproteobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Folhas de Planta , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(10): 1565-1574, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346001

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped and aerobic bacterium was isolated from surface-sterilized branch of Aegiceras corniculatum in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. The isolate, designated strain 165T, grew at 20-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-7.0 (optimum, 6.0) and with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1 %). The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified glycolipid. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0. On the basis of 16 S rRNA gene sequence and multiple genes of conserved core proteins analysis, strain 165T was a member of the genus Ectobacillus. Its closest phylogenetic neighbor was Ectobacillus panaciterrae Gsoil 1517T, with sequence similarity of 97.1 %. The average nucleotide identity value between strain 165T and type strain of Ectobacillus panaciterrae was 73.0 %. The estimated DDH value between strain 165T and type strain of Ectobacillus panaciterrae was 19.7 %. The genome of strain 165T was 3, 545, 051 bp long with a DNA G + C content of 38.2 % and encodes 3459 predicted proteins, 25 rRNAs, 87 tRNAs and 5 ncRNA. The genome of strain 165T comprised gene clusters of type 3 PKS, terpene, betalactone and lanthipeptide-class-ii for secondary metabolites. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses supported the strain 165T as a representative of a novel species of the genus Ectobacillus, for which the name Ectobacillus aegiceratis sp. nov. is proposed, with strain 165T (= JCM 33,414T = CGMCC 1.13742T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Fosfolipídeos , Primulaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 684-689, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence and clinical features of sepsis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: The clinical data were collected from VLBW infants, with a birth weight of < 1 500 g, who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Maternity Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, from January 2019 to June 2020. The incidence of sepsis, distribution of pathogenic bacteria, and risk factors for sepsis were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 369 infants were enrolled, and 138 infants had sepsis, among whom 84 had early-onset sepsis (EOS) and 54 had late-onset sepsis (LOS). Enterococcus faecalis (24%) and Streptococcus (21%) were the main pathogenic bacteria in infants with EOS, and Staphylococcus (41%) and Enterobacter (29%) were the main pathogenic bacteria in infants with LOS. The incidence of EOS and LOS decreased with the increase of gestational age and birth weight (P < 0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a high birth weight was a protective factor against EOS (OR=0.996, 95%CI:0.993-0.998, P < 0.05), while vaginal delivery (OR=2.781, 95%CI:1.190-6.500, P < 0.05) was a risk factor for EOS, and long duration of parenteral nutrition was a risk factor for LOS (OR=1.129, 95%CI:1.067-1.194, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Enterococcus faecalis is the most common pathogenic bacteria for EOS, and Staphylococcus is the most common pathogenic bacterium for LOS in VLBW infants. A high birth weight may reduce the risk of EOS in VLBW infants, while vaginal delivery may increase the risk of EOS. Prolonged parenteral nutrition may increase the risk of LOS.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Sepse , Peso ao Nascer , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/etiologia
6.
J Exp Med ; 218(9)2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236404

RESUMO

Obesity-induced secretory disorder of adipose tissue-derived factors is important for cardiac damage. However, whether platelet-derived growth factor-D (PDGF-D), a newly identified adipokine, regulates cardiac remodeling in angiotensin II (AngII)-infused obese mice is unclear. Here, we found obesity induced PDGF-D expression in adipose tissue as well as more severe cardiac remodeling compared with control lean mice after AngII infusion. Adipocyte-specific PDGF-D knockout attenuated hypertensive cardiac remodeling in obese mice. Consistently, adipocyte-specific PDGF-D overexpression transgenic mice (PA-Tg) showed exacerbated cardiac remodeling after AngII infusion without high-fat diet treatment. Mechanistic studies indicated that AngII-stimulated macrophages produce urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) that activates PDGF-D by splicing full-length PDGF-D into the active PDGF-DD. Moreover, bone marrow-specific uPA knockdown decreased active PDGF-DD levels in the heart and improved cardiac remodeling in HFD hypertensive mice. Together, our data provide for the first time a new interaction pattern between macrophage and adipocyte: that macrophage-derived uPA activates adipocyte-secreted PDGF-D, which finally accelerates AngII-induced cardiac remodeling in obese mice.

7.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(9): 1431-1442, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263387

RESUMO

A novel endophytic actinomycete, designated strain BSK3Z-2 T, was isolated from a surface-sterilised branch of Avicennia mariana from Shankou Mangrove Nature Reserve, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Cells were observed to be Gram-stain positive, aerobic, asporogenous and rod-shaped. Strain BSK3Z-2 T was found to grow optimally at 30 °C, pH 7.0 and in the presence of 1% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain BSK3Z-2 T belongs to the genus Phycicoccus and has high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.1% with Phycicoccus endophyticus IP6SC6T. Phylogenetic analysis based on the genome of strain BSK3Z-2 T was performed by extracting and aligning 39 conserved proteins and 88 housekeeping genes, which further confirmed the phylogenetic assignment of strain BSK3Z-2 T. The draft genome of strain BSK3Z-2 T is 3.54 Mbp with a DNA G + C content of 73.8%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI), amino acid identity (AAI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain BSK3Z-2 T and species of genus Phycicoccus were 73.8-85.6%, 64.5-75.9% and 19.5-23.8%, respectively, which are below the standard cut-off values for bacterial species delineation. Strain BSK3Z-2 T contains MK-8(H4) as the dominant menaquinone. The cell wall peptidoglycan contains meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids profile of strain BSK3Z-2 T was found to contain diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant fatty acids were identified as C15:0, C17:0, iso-C16:0 and C17:1ω8c. Comparing the phenotypic and phylogenetic features of the strain BSK3Z-2 T and related taxa, strain BSK3Z-2 T is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Phycicoccus, for which the name Phycicoccus avicenniae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BSK3Z-2 T (= CGMCC 1.18743 T = JCM 34335 T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Avicennia , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo
8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(6): 593-598, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (n=1 184), tracheal intubation (n=166), and extensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR; n=116). The three groups were compared in terms of general information and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (P < 0.05). As the intensity of resuscitation increased, the Apgar scores at 1 minute and 5 minutes gradually decreased (P < 0.05), and the proportion of infants with Apgar scores of 0 to 3 at 1 minute and 5 minutes gradually increased (P < 0.05). Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly higher mortality rate and incidence rates of moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia and serious complications (P < 0.05). The incidence rates of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ intracranial hemorrhage and retinopathy of prematurity (stage Ⅲ or above) in the tracheal intubation group were significantly higher than those in the non-tracheal intubation group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Peso ao Nascer , China , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11340, 2021 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059761

RESUMO

Exploiting a pure culture strategy to investigate the composition of the human gut microbiota, two novel anaerobes, designated strains AF52-21T and CM04-06T, were isolated from faeces of two healthy Chinese donors and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The two strains were observed to be gram-negative, non-motile, and rod-shaped. Both strains grew optimally at 37 °C and pH 7.0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the two strains clustered with species of the genus Faecalibacterium and were most closely related to Faecalibacterium prausnitzii ATCC 27768T with sequence similarity of 97.18% and 96.87%, respectively. The two isolates shared a 16S rRNA gene sequence identity of 98.69%. Draft genome sequencing was performed for strains AF52-21T and CM04-06T, generating genome sizes of 2.85 Mbp and 3.01 Mbp. The calculated average nucleotide identity values between the genomes of the strains AF52-21T and CM04-06T compared to Faecalibacterium prausnitzii ATCC 27768T were 83.20% and 82.54%, respectively, and 90.09% when comparing AF52-21T and CM04-06T. Both values were below the previously proposed species threshold (95-96%), supporting their recognition as novel species in the genus Faecalibacterium. The genomic DNA G + C contents of strains AF52-21T and CM04-06T calculated from genome sequences were 57.77 mol% and 57.51 mol%, respectively. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, we conclude that both strains represent two new Faecalibacterium species, for which the names Faecalibacterium butyricigenerans sp. nov. (type strain AF52-21T = CGMCC 1.5206T = DSM 103434T) and Faecalibacterium longum sp. nov. (type strain CM04-06T = CGMCC 1.5208T = DSM 103432T) are proposed.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008671

RESUMO

Magnetism of any material depends on its crystal structure. However, two isostructural compounds such as MCuMoO4(OH) (M = Na, K) can have markedly different magnetic properties. Herein, we introduce a new method to describe the linkages between the O-atoms and their bridged Cu2+ ions in order to clearly illustrate the structure-magnetic property relationships. This new method can account for magnetic differences between the two isostructural MCuMoO4(OH) and is further confirmed by the rational design and development of a new compound KGaCu(PO4)2 with different linkages. The title compound crystalized in a space group of P21/c adopts a one-dimensional (1D) magnetically isolated S = 1/2 zigzag chain composed of elongated [CuO6] octahedra via sharing alternately equatorial and skew edges. O atoms at the skew edges bridge the equatorial and axial orbitals of neighbouring Cu2+ ions (denoted EOA), while those at the equatorial edges bridge the equatorial orbitals of Cu2+ ions (EOE). The nearest-neighbour (NN) magnetic coupling of Cu2+ ions with the EOA linkage at 2.821 Å in the title compound is negligible, whereas the NN magnetic coupling of Cu2+ ions with the EOE linkage at 2.974 Å is essential. Therefore, the zigzag chain containing alternating spin-exchange dimers and no-spin-exchange ones is similar in electronic configuration to the dimerization of the quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnet. Magnetic investigation of analogous compounds with a 'trans-cis-trans-cis' configuration observed in the title compound may shed light on structural evolutions associated with spin-Peierls (SP) transition.

11.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(4): 390-396, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the association of early nutrition intake with the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database were searched for the observational studies on the association between early nutrition intake and BPD. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of eligible studies. RESULTS: Eight observational studies were included, with 548 infants with BPD and 522 infants without BPD. The Meta analysis showed that the BPD group had a significantly lower caloric intake than the non-BPD group within the first week after birth and in the first 2 weeks after birth (P < 0.05). The BPD group had a significantly lower enteral nutrition intake than the non-BPD group (WMD=-18.27, 95%CI:-29.70 to -6.84, P < 0.05), as well as a significantly lower intake of carbohydrate, fat, and protein (P < 0.05). The BPD group had a significantly longer duration of parenteral nutrition than the non-BPD group (WMD=14.26, 95%CI:13.26-15.25, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Early nutrition deficiency may be associated with the development of BPD, and more attention should be paid to enteral feeding of infants at a high risk of BPD to achieve total enteral feeding as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Desnutrição , Displasia Broncopulmonar/epidemiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/etiologia , China , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Nutrição Parenteral
12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(6): 875-884, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796984

RESUMO

A novel, aerobic, moderately halophilic Gram-positive actinomycete, strain MASK1Z-5T was isolated from a surface-sterilized branch of Bruguiera gymnoirhiza in Shankou Mangrove Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China. The taxonomic position of the strain was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain MASK1Z-5T tolerated up to 20% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0-7%), and grew at pH 5.0-12.0 (optimum pH 7.0-8.0), 20-37 °C (optimum 30 °C). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain MASK1Z-5T belonged to the genus Brachybacterium, and showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.0% to B. endophyticum M1HQ-2T. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diamino acid. MK-7 was the predominant menaquinone. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid and three unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0 and anteiso-C17:0. The DNA G + C content was calculated to be 71.8 mol% based on the whole genome sequence. The estimated values of average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) based on whole genome sequences between strain MASK1Z-5T and B. endophyticum M1HQ-2T were 81.8% and 25.0%, respectively. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic properties clearly indicated that strain MASK1Z-5T represents a novel species within the genus Brachybacterium, for which the name Brachybacterium halotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MASK1Z-5T (= CGMCC1.18660T = JCM 34339T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Rhizophoraceae , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 42(7): 1069-1079, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758353

RESUMO

Sepsis is life-threatening organ dysfunction due to dysregulated systemic inflammatory and immune response to infection, often leading to cognitive impairments. Growing evidence shows that artemisinin, an antimalarial drug, possesses potent anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities. In this study we investigated whether artemisinin exerted protective effect against neurocognitive deficits associated with sepsis and explored the underlying mechanisms. Mice were injected with LPS (750 µg · kg-1 · d-1, ip, for 7 days) to establish an animal model of sepsis. Artemisinin (30 mg · kg-1 · d-1, ip) was administered starting 4 days prior LPS injection and lasting to the end of LPS injection. We showed that artemisinin administration significantly improved LPS-induced cognitive impairments assessed in Morris water maze and Y maze tests, attenuated neuronal damage and microglial activation in the hippocampus. In BV2 microglial cells treated with LPS (100 ng/mL), pre-application of artemisinin (40 µΜ) significantly reduced the production of proinflammatory cytokines (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6) and suppressed microglial migration. Furthermore, we revealed that artemisinin significantly suppressed the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and the expression of proinflammatory cytokines by activating the AMPKα1 pathway; knockdown of AMPKα1 markedly abolished the anti-inflammatory effects of artemisinin in BV2 microglial cells. In conclusion, atemisinin is a potential therapeutic agent for sepsis-associated neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment, and its effect is probably mediated by activation of the AMPKα1 signaling pathway in microglia.

14.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(4): 479-486, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646472

RESUMO

A short-rod-shaped, non-spore-forming endophytic actinobacterium, was isolated from a surface-sterilized leaf of Acrostichum aureum in Fangchenggang, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, designated strain CBS4Y-1T and examined by a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. This actinobacterium was Gram-staining-positive and aerobic. Substrate mycelia and aerial mycelia were not observed, and no diffusible pigments were observed on the media tested. Strain CBS4Y-1T grew optimally with 0-1.0% (w/v) NaCl at 30 °C, pH 7.0-8.0. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA genes showed that strain CBS4Y-1T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Nocardioides marinus CL-DD14T (96.7%) and Nocardioides terrae BX5-10T (96.7%). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenomic analysis based on core proteomes alignment revealed that strain CBS4Y-1T belonged to the genus Nocardioides and formed a distinct cluster within the genus Nocardioides. The DNA G + C content of strain CBS4Y-1T was 71.1 mol%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained LL-diaminopimelic acid and MK-8(H4) was the predominant menaquinone. Phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylinositol (PI) were detected in the polar lipid extracts. The major fatty acids were iso-C16:0, C18:1ω9c and iso-C17:0. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain CBS4Y-1T represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides acrostichi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CBS4Y-1T (= KCTC 49238T = CGMCC 4.7548T).


Assuntos
Nocardioides , Fosfolipídeos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Filogenia , Folhas de Planta , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2
16.
Hypertension ; 77(3): 868-881, 2021 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486984

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies have identified that NPR-C (natriuretic peptide receptor-C) variants are associated with elevation of blood pressure. However, the mechanism underlying the relationship between NPR-C and blood pressure regulation remains elusive. Here, we investigate whether NPR-C regulates Ang II (angiotensin II)-induced hypertension through sodium transporters activity. Wild-type mice responded to continuous Ang II infusion with an increased renal NPR-C expression. Global NPR-C deficiency attenuated Ang II-induced increased blood pressure both in male and female mice associated with more diuretic and natriuretic responses to a saline challenge. Interestingly, Ang II increased both total and phosphorylation of NCC (NaCl cotransporter) abundance involving in activation of WNK4 (with-no-lysine kinase 4)/SPAK (Ste20-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) which was blunted by NPR-C deletion. NCC inhibitor, hydrochlorothiazide, failed to induce natriuresis in NPR-C knockout mice. Moreover, low-salt and high-salt diets-induced changes of total and phosphorylation of NCC expression were normalized by NPR-C deletion. Importantly, tubule-specific deletion of NPR-C also attenuated Ang II-induced elevated blood pressure, total and phosphorylation of NCC expression. Mechanistically, in distal convoluted tubule cells, Ang II dose and time-dependently upregulated WNK4/SPAK/NCC kinase pathway and NPR-C/Gi/PLC/PKC signaling pathway mediated NCC activation. These results demonstrate that NPR-C signaling regulates NCC function contributing to sodium retention-mediated elevated blood pressure, which suggests that NPR-C is a promising candidate for the treatment of sodium retention-related hypertension.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Rim/metabolismo , Receptores do Fator Natriurético Atrial/deficiência , Membro 3 da Família 12 de Carreador de Soluto/metabolismo , Angiotensina II , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão/genética , Túbulos Renais Distais/citologia , Túbulos Renais Distais/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores do Fator Natriurético Atrial/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Sódio/sangue , Sódio/urina , Membro 3 da Família 12 de Carreador de Soluto/genética
17.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 26(1): 8, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prenatal stress can cause neurobiological and behavioral defects in offspring; environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the development of brain and behavioral; this study was designed to test and verify whether an enriched environment can repair learning and memory impairment in offspring rats induced by prenatal stress and to explore its mechanism involving the expression of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) and activity-regulated cytoskeletal-associated protein (Arc) in the hippocampus of the offspring. METHODS: Rats were selected to establish a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model during pregnancy. Offspring were weaned on 21st day and housed under either standard or an enriched environment. The learning and memory ability were tested using Morris water maze and Y-maze. The expression of IGF-2 and Arc mRNA and protein were respectively measured by using RT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: There was an elevation in the plasma corticosterone level of rat model of maternal chronic stress during pregnancy. Maternal stress's offspring exposed to an enriched environment could decrease their plasma corticosterone level and improve their weight. The offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy exhibited abnormalities in Morris water maze and Y-maze, which were improved in an enriched environment. The expression of IGF-2, Arc mRNA, and protein in offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy was boosted and some relationships existed between these parameters after being exposed enriched environment. CONCLUSIONS: The learning and memory impairment in offspring of prenatal stress can be rectified by the enriched environment, the mechanism of which is related to the decreasing plasma corticosterone and increasing hippocampal IGF-2 and Arc of offspring rats following maternal chronic stress during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like II/genética , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/genética , Transtornos da Memória/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/genética , Meio Social , Estresse Psicológico/genética , Animais , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Feminino , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like II/metabolismo , Aprendizagem , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/psicologia , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória/psicologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/psicologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
18.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443520

RESUMO

Lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs) have demonstrated great potential in luminescence sensing and optical anti-counterfeiting. High-security anti-counterfeiting technology is of great importance and requires the development of universal luminescent materials with multiple modes of emission and adjustable photoluminescence. Herein, a 3D red light emission microporous europium(iii) metal-organic framework [Eu3(OH)(1,3-db)2(H2O)4]·3H2O (1) (1,3-db = 1,3-di(3',5'-dicarboxylpheny) benzene) was constructed from a zigzag [Eu3(COO)8] chain and π-electron-rich terphenyl-tetracarboxylate. Notably, the quenched fluorescence of 1 under hydrogen chloride vapor could be recovered upon fuming by a vapor of Et3N. Most strikingly, the strong blue light emission by nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon dots (N,S-CDs) could be encapsulated in 1 to generate a dual-emission composite, namely, N,S-CDs@Eu-MOF, which shows solvent-dependent photoluminescence: N,S-CD-related blue luminescence in water and Eu-MOF-related red emission in organic solvents. Taking advantage of the above unique reversible fluorescent behavior, Eu-MOF and N,S-CDs@Eu-MOF are prepared as fluorescent high-security inks to achieve data encryption and decryption on specific flower patterns.

19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(1): 37-42, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of twin pregnancy by assisted reproductive technology (ART) versus twin pregnancy by spontaneous conception (SC) on neonatal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 3 356 live twins with a gestational age of ≥24 weeks who were born in Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital from 2017 to 2019, with 2 006 twins (1 003 pairs) in the ART group and 1 350 (675 pairs) in the SC group. The two groups were compared in terms of the mother's general information and pregnancy comorbidities and the general information, diseases, and outcomes of neonates. RESULTS: Compared with the SC group, the ART group had a significantly higher maternal age (P < 0.05) and significantly higher rates of primiparity, cesarean section, and cervical cerclage (P < 0.05). Compared with the SC group, the ART group had significantly higher incidence rates of maternal pregnancy comorbidities including hypertension, gestational diabetes, and postpartum hemorrhage (P < 0.05). Compared with the SC group, the ART group had a significantly lower mean gestational age of neonates (P < 0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of very-low-birth-weight infants (6.8% vs 5.8%, P < 0.05), while ART did not increase the risks of preterm birth and low Apgar score. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the mortality rate of neonates and the incidence rates of neonatal diseases including respiratory distress syndrome, stage II/III necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and grade III-IV intracranial hemorrhage (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with twin pregnancy by SC, twin pregnancy by ART does not increase the neonatal mortality rate and risk of adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Gravidez de Gêmeos , Nascimento Prematuro , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 21(3): 336-361, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912124

RESUMO

Many plants in the genus Zanthoxylum, belonging to the Rutaceae family, are used as folk medicines for the treatment of various diseases, which have gained much attention for their phytochemical and pharmacological activity investigations. Alkaloids are the largest secondary metabolites with structurally diverse types found in this genus and they demonstrate a wide range of biological activities. The aim of this review is to provide a summary on the isolation, classification, and biological properties of alkaloids from Zanthoxylum species, which also will bring more attention to other researchers for further biological study on alkaloids for the new drug development.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Zanthoxylum/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Humanos
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