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1.
BMC Fam Pract ; 22(1): 118, 2021 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic inertia (TI), defined as physicians' failure to increase therapy when treatment goals are unmet, is an impediment to chronic disease management. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of TI in proteinuria management among T2DM patients managed in primary care settings and to explore possible associating factors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. T2DM patients with proteinuria (either microalbuminuria or macroalbuminuria) and had been followed up in 7 public primary care clinics of the Hospital Authority of Hong Kong from 1 Jan, 2014 to 31 Dec, 2015 were included. The prevalence of TI in proteinuria management and its association with patients' demographic and clinical parameters and the working profile of the attending doctors were explored. Student's t test and analysis of variance were used for analyzing continuous variables and Chi square test was used for categorical data. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression was used to determine the association between TI and the significant variables from patients' and doctors' characteristics. RESULTS: Among the 22,644 T2DM patients identified in the case register, 5163 (26.4%) patients were found to have proteinuria. Among the sampled 385 T2DM patients with proteinuria, TI was identified in 155 cases, with a prevalence rate of 40.3%. Male doctor, doctor with longer duration of clinical practice and have never received any form of Family Medicine training were found to have a higher TI. Patients with microalbuminuria range and lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) were also found to have higher TI. Logistic regression study revealed that patients' systolic BP level and microalbuminuria range of proteinuria were negatively associated with the presence of TI, whereas doctor's year of clinical practice being over 20 years and patients being treated with submaximal dose of medication were positively associated with the presence of TI. CONCLUSIONS: TI is commonly present in proteinuria management among T2DM patients, with a prevalence of 40.3% in primary care. Systolic BP and microalbuminuria range of urine ACR were negatively associated with the presence of TI, whereas submaximal ACEI/ARB dose and doctors practicing over 20 years were positively associated with the presence of TI. Further studies exploring the strategies to combat TI are needed to improve the clinical outcome of T2DM patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Proteinúria , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 1901-1911, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188466

RESUMO

Objective: To enhance the quality of COPD management in primary care via a two-phase clinical audit in Hong Kong. Methods: COPD patients aged 40 or above and had attended any of the 73 public primary care clinics under the Hospital Authority of Hong Kong (HAHK) for follow up (FU) during the audit period were included. Performance of six evidence-based audit criteria on COPD care was reviewed in phase 1 from 1st April 2017 to 31st March 2018. Service gaps were identified and a series of quality improvement strategies were executed in the one-year implementation phase. The outcome of the service enhancement was assessed in phase 2 from 1st April 2019 to 31st March 2020. Student's t-test and the chi-square test were used to examine the statistically significant differences between the two phases. Results: Totally 10,385 COPD cases were identified in phase 1, the majority were male (87.7%) and the mean age was 75.3±9.9 years. Among the 3102 active smokers, 1788 (57.6%) were referred to receive the smoking cessation counselling and 1578 (50.9%) actually attended it. A total of 4866 cases (46.9%) received seasonal influenza vaccine (SIV) and 4227 cases (40.7%) received pneumococcal vaccine (PCV). A total of 1983 patients (19.1%) had spirometry test done before and 1327 patients (12.8%) had history of hospital admission due to acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). After the proactive implementation phase, performance on all criteria was significantly improved in phase 2, with a marked increase in the SIV and PCV uptake rate and spirometry performance rate. Most importantly, a significant reduction in AECOPD rate leading to hospital admission had been achieved (9.6%, P<0.00001). Conclusion: COPD care at all public primary care clinics of HAHK had been significantly improved for all audit criteria via the systematic team approach, which, in turn, reduced the hospital admission rate and helped relieve the burden of the health care system.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Melhoria de Qualidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Auditoria Clínica , Feminino , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia
3.
Sci Adv ; 7(7)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568480

RESUMO

Evidence that offspring traits can be shaped by parental life experiences in an epigenetically inherited manner paves a way for understanding the etiology of depression. Here, we show that F1 offspring born to F0 males of depression-like model are susceptible to depression-like symptoms at the molecular, neuronal, and behavioral levels. Sperm small RNAs, and microRNAs (miRNAs) in particular, exhibit distinct expression profiles in F0 males of depression-like model and recapitulate paternal depressive-like phenotypes in F1 offspring. Neutralization of the abnormal miRNAs in zygotes by antisense strands rescues the acquired depressive-like phenotypes in F1 offspring born to F0 males of depression-like model. Mechanistically, sperm miRNAs reshape early embryonic transcriptional profiles in the core neuronal circuits toward depression-like phenotypes. Overall, the findings reveal a causal role of sperm miRNAs in the inheritance of depression and provide insight into the mechanism underlying susceptibility to depression.

4.
Clin Invest Med ; 43(2): E35-46, 2020 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593275

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Crush and Culotte techniques have been used increasingly to treat patients with complex unprotected left main coronary artery bifurcation lesions. This article compares published data on these two techniques. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang Data and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, were searched for articles published before Aug 21, 2019 to identify all relevant studies on left main coronary artery bifurcation lesions treated by Crush versus Culotte techniques. The pooled data were analyzed using either fixed- or random-effects model depending on heterogeneity (assessed via the I2 index). The endpoints were major adverse cardiac events, target lesion revascularization, cardiac death, stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction and target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: Eight articles with a total of 1,283 patients were included, and 710 patients were treated with Crush, and 573 ones with Culotte. Crush group was trend to decreased major adverse cardiac event compared with Culotte group [Relative ratio (RR) 0.63,95% confidence interval(CI) 0.39-1.04, I2 =72.7%], mainly driven by decreased cardiac death [RR 0.49, 95% CI(0.25-0.99), I2 =0%], decreased myocardial infarction [RR 0.40, 95% CI(0.21-0.76), I2 =21.6%],and lower stent thrombosis [RR 0.39, 95% CI(0.16-0.98), I2 =39.4%]. There was no significant difference in target lesion revascularization and target vessel revascularization between Crush and Culotte [RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.46-1.28, I2=61.1%; RR 0.78, 95% CI (0.30-2.02), I2 =73.1%, respectively]. CONCLUSION: Crush was superior to Culotte for treatment of left main coronary artery bifurcation lesions with a trend of lower incidence of long-term major adverse cardiac events, mainly derived from decreased myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis and cardiac death.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2019: 2750173, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772520

RESUMO

Background: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) becomes more and more frequent after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). There have been no reported meta-analyses to determine the role of these risk factors in predicting CIN in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI. So we made this meta-analysis to summarize the incidence of CIN in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI and to study associations between CIN and several risk factors that are mentioned in most prevention guidelines. Hypothesis: The overall incidence of CIN in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI is not low. Many risk factors could influence the occurrence of CIN, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. Methods: Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Chinese BioMedical (CBM), were searched for articles published before May 21, 2019, to identify all relevant studies on CIN. The pooled data were analyzed using either fixed-effects or random-effects models depending on heterogeneity (assessed via the I 2 index). Results: Twelve articles encompassing a total of 6342 patients were included. The overall pooled CIN incidence was 13.3% (95% CI: 10.4-17.1). The forest plots showed positive associations between CIN and the presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, history of prior myocardial infarction, age, damaged left anterior descending artery, Killip class ≥2, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, and left ventricular ejection fraction <40%; the odds ratios for these factors were 1.85 (95% CI: 1.57-2.18; p < 0.00001), 1.83 (95% CI: 1.47-2.29; p < 0.00001), 2.14 (95% CI: 1.46-3.14; p < 0.0001), 7.79 (95% CI: 5.24-10.34; p < 0.00001), 1.92 (95% CI: 1.15-3.22; p=0.01), 3.12 (95% CI: 2.21-4.40; p < 0.00001), -6.15 (95% CI: -9.52 to -2.79; p=0.0003), -15.06 (95% CI: -24.75 to -5.36; p=0.002), and 5.53 (95% CI: 1.10-27.95; p=0.04), respectively. Conclusion: The overall incidence of CIN in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI was not low and was closely associated with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, history of prior myocardial infarction, age, damaged left anterior descending artery, Killip class ≥2, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, and left ventricular ejection fraction <40%.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores Etários , Complicações do Diabetes , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico
6.
Phytother Res ; 33(4): 1074-1083, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30768733

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue. N-(3-methoxybenzyl)-(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadecatrienamide (MBOC) is one of the macamides isolated from Maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.), a cruciferous plant from the Andes of Peru. In this study, C3H/10T1/2 mesenchymal stem cells were treated with MBOC in osteogenic induction medium. An ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model was used to investigate the effect of 1-month MBOC treatment on the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Remarkably, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, and bone volume/tissue volume of the distal femoral metaphysis were significantly increased in OVX + MBOC mice compared with OVX mice, as revealed by microcomputed tomography analysis. Trabecular separation was decreased in OVX + MBOC mice compared with OVX mice. Consistently, MBOC increased the levels of osteocalcin and runt-related transcription factor 2 in OVX mice, as well as the expression of runt-related transcription factor 2, osterix, and alkaline phosphatase in C3H/10T1/2 cells. Mechanistically, MBOC activates the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway via inhibiting phosphorylation of GSK-3ß at Tyr216 and maintaining ß-catenin expression. Collectively, the current study demonstrates the robustness of MBOC in the induction of mesenchymal stem cells osteogenic differentiation and consequent bone formation, suggesting that MBOC may be a potentially effective drug to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Lepidium/química , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteoporose/patologia
7.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 17(7): 1303-1310.e18, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29654915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Chinese herbal medicine, MaZiRenWan (MZRW), has been used for more than 2000 years to treat constipation, but it has not been tested in a randomized controlled trial. We performed a trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MZRW, compared with the stimulant laxative senna or placebo, for patients with functional constipation (FC). METHODS: We performed a double-blind, double-dummy, trial of 291 patients with FC based on Rome III criteria, seen at 8 clinics in Hong Kong from June 2013 through August 2015. Patients were observed for 2 weeks and then assigned randomly (1:1:1) to groups given MZRW (7.5 g, twice daily), senna (15 mg daily), or placebo for 8 weeks. Patients were then followed for 8 weeks and evaluated at baseline and weeks 4, 8 (end of treatment), and 16 (end of follow up). Participants recorded information on stool form and frequency, feeling of complete evacuation, and research medication taken. Data on individual bowel symptoms, global symptom improvement, and adverse events were collected. A complete response was defined as an increase ≥1 complete spontaneous bowel movement (CSBM)/week from baseline (the primary outcome). Secondary outcomes included response during the follow-up period, colonic transit, individual and global symptom assessments, quality of life measured with 36-item short form Chinese version, and adverse events. RESULTS: Although there was no statistically significant difference in proportions of patients with a complete response to MZRW (68%) vs. senna (57.7%) (P = .14) at week 8, there was a statistically significant difference vs. placebo (33.0%) (P < .005). At the 16-week timepoint (after the 8-week follow-up period), 47.4% of patients had a complete response to MZRW, 20.6% had a complete response to senna, and 17.5% had a complete response to placebo (P < .005 for MZRW vs. placebo). The group that received MZRW group also had significant increases in colonic transit and reduced severity of constipation, straining, incomplete evacuation, and global constipation symptoms compared with the groups that received placebo or senna in (P < .05 for all comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized controlled trial of 291 patients with FC, we found MZRW to be well-tolerated and effective in increasing CSBM/week. MZRW did not appear to be more effective than senna and might be considered as an alternative to this drug. ClincialTrials.gov no: NCT01695850.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Defecação/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Constipação Intestinal/fisiopatologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1245-1250, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29052381

RESUMO

According to the findings, modified Ganlu Yaoyu San has a good anti-inflammatory activity, and can significantly alleviate the degree of arthritis. Its therapeutic effect for rheumatoid arthritis may be related to the regulation of MAPK pathway of synovial cells. In the study, the rat adjuvant arthritis(AA) model was established to further investigate the pharmacodynamic mechanism for regulating MAPK pathway of synovial cells. Enzyme-linked immune assay was used to determine the serum TNF-α level of AA rats administered with drug for two weeks, synovial tissue protein kinases ERK1/2 and p38 content were determined by immunohistochemistry, synovial tissue JNK1, ERK1, p38 gene(mRNA) expression were detected with fluorescence quantitative PCR(RT-PCR) method. According to the results, after administration for two weeks, the levels of serum TNF-α of AA rat was significantly decreased(P<0.05). After administration for four weeks, the protein expressions of p38 and ERK1/2 in synovial tissue were reduced(P<0.05 or P<0.01), the gene expressions of JNK1, p38 and ERK1 in knee joint synovial tissue were reduced(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In conclusion, modified Ganlu Yaoyu San can effectively treat rheumatoid arthritis. Its mechanism might be related to the reduction of TNF-α levels in serum, protein expression of p38 and ERK1/2 in synovial tissue, and JNK1, p38 and ERK1 gene expressions, and regulation of MAPK pathway.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Animais , Ratos , Membrana Sinovial/enzimologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
9.
J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci ; 34(4): 548-553, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25135725

RESUMO

The changes of microRNA expression in rat hippocampus after traumatic brain injury (TBI) were explored. Adult SD rats received a single controlled cortical impact injury, and the ipsilateral hippocampus was harvested for the subsequent microarray assay at three time points after TBI: 1st day, 3rd day and 5th day, respectively. We characterized the microRNA expression profile in rat hippocampus using the microRNA microarray analysis, and further verified microarray results of miR-142-3p and miR-221 using quantitative real-time PCR. Totally 205 microRNAs were identified and up-/down-regulated more than 1.5 times. There were significant changes in 17 microRNAs at all three time points post-TBI. The quantitative real-time PCR results of miR-142-3p and miR-221 indicated good consistency with the results of the microarray method. MicroRNAs altered at different time points post-TBI. MiR-142-3p and miR-221 may be used as potentially biological markers for TBI assessment in forensic practice.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hipocampo/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Lesões Encefálicas/patologia , Feminino , Genética Forense , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Hipocampo/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Trials ; 14: 366, 2013 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24180235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional constipation is a common clinical complaint. Although the effectiveness of Ma Zi Ren Wan for alleviating functional constipation symptoms has been proven in a previous randomized placebo-controlled study, further evidence is needed to make clinical recommendations about Chinese herbal medicine. In particular, a comparison with conventional western medicine for functional constipation patients is needed. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a prospective, double-blinded, double dummy, randomized, controlled trial. After a 2-week run-in period, eligible patients (Rome III) with excessive traditional Chinese medicine syndrome will randomly be assigned to the Chinese medicine arm (Ma Zi Ren Wan and western medicine placebo), western medicine arm (senna and Chinese medicine placebo) or placebo arm (Chinese medicine placebo and western medicine placebo). Patients will undergo an 8-week treatment and an 8-week follow-up. The primary outcome is the responder rate for complete spontaneous bowel movement (CSBM) during treatment. Patients with a mean increase of CSBM ≧1/week in comparison with their baselines are defined as responders. The secondary outcomes include responder rate during follow-up, changes of colonic transit as measured with radio-opaque markers, individual and global symptom assessments, and reported adverse effects. DISCUSSION: This study is the first study to compare a Chinese Herbal Medicine (Ma Zi Ren Wan) with a laxative that is commonly used in the clinical practice of western medicine, and with a placebo. This study will complete the investigation of Ma Zi Ren Wan for functional constipation, and should, therefore, suggest recommendations for clinical practice. Furthermore, the process of first conducting a systematic review, then implementing a dose determination study followed by a placebo-control trial, and finally, comparing traditional Chinese medicine with an active conventional medicine in a controlled trial can be a reference to other researches on Chinese medicine interventions in the future. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01695850.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal/terapia , Defecação/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Laxantes/uso terapêutico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Extrato de Senna/uso terapêutico , Protocolos Clínicos , Constipação Intestinal/diagnóstico , Constipação Intestinal/fisiopatologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Motilidade Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Hong Kong , Humanos , Laxantes/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Extrato de Senna/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 31(1): 65-7, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21355162

RESUMO

The detailed operating methods and the clinical application of the unique acupuncture therapy established by professor XIE Qiang and applied specially in otorhinolaryngologic department are introduced, ie. acupuncture and moxibustion methods for regulating channels and contacting qi, transferring focus of excitation, needling movement and needling ying combined with minimally invasive needle scalpel. Meanwhile, the position of the experience acupoints named Kaiyin 1 (ease-up the voice 1) and Kaiyin 2 (ease-up the voice 2) and their manipulation are recommended, and the clinical application of these acupuncture methods and acupoints for inflammation and pain in otorhinolaryngologic department are explained.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Otorrinolaringopatias/terapia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Moxibustão , Manejo da Dor , Adulto Jovem
12.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 22(4): 258-60, 2006 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17080661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the change of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs)and the expression of Bad after optic nerve injury, so as to study the changes of optic function level on morphology and molecular. METHODS: The experimental models of optic nerve crush were established in fifty Wistar rats. At the different time after injuries (from one to twenty-eight day), the changes of RGCs were observed under microscope. Immunohistochemiscal technique and computer image analysis methods were performed to observe the changes of Bad in RGCs in rats. RESULTS: The number of RGCs was reduced significantly according to partial lesion of optic nerve crush. An initial loss of RGCs densities was accelerated in one week after nerve crush, two weeks later the trend mitigated. After four weeks, no obvious change were observed. The expression of Bad increased in 3 days, reached peak in 5 days, and declined one week later. No obvious changes were observed after two weeks. CONCLUSION: The expression of Bad lead to the loss of RGCs following optic nerve crush. This is the important reason of loss optic function. The identification on optic nerve injuries should be done at least four weeks later.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico/metabolismo , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Proteína de Morte Celular Associada a bcl/metabolismo , Animais , Morte Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Medicina Legal , Masculino , Compressão Nervosa , Nervo Óptico/patologia , Nervo Óptico/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Células Ganglionares da Retina/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 27(5): 885-91, 2006 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16850827

RESUMO

Copper complexing capacities (CC) and conditional stability constants (K) of seawater surface microlayer (SML) and subsurface layer (SSL) in Jiaozhou Bay were determined by the anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) technique in 2004. The distribution regularity and the relationship with COD, DOC, TN, TP of Jiaozhou Bay were discussed systematically. The results are as following: The copper complexing capacities show the enrichment phenomenon of SML in Jiaozhou Bay. The average copper complexing capacities of SML and SSL are 3.85 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1), 2.45 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1) respectively, and the average enrichment factor of SML is 1.56. The average conditional stability constants (lgK) of SML and SSL are the same 7.21. K(SML) is lower than K(SSL) in March and September, but K(SML) is higher than K(SSL) in June and December. The copper complexing capacities in Jiaozhou Bay become lower by one turn of northeast, northwest, south, center, entrance and the other turn of September, June, December, March. Meanwhile the obviously positive relationship between copper complexing capacities and COD, DOC of SML and SSL is found, comparing to the negative relationship between copper complexing capacities and TN, TP.


Assuntos
Cobre/análise , Água do Mar/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Eletroquímica , Eletrodos , Monitoramento Ambiental
14.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 22(1): 78-80, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16524196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze cause of medical accidents and actuality of technical identification in medical tangle. METHODS: 32 cases (17 death, 15 survive) of medical tangle by technical identification (according to sex, age, mostly diseases, sequel) and identified results (whether or not mistake, cause and effect connection, duty degree) have been studied. RESULTS: 13 cases of 32 medical accidents have been determined.19 cases have been attributed to no medical accidents. Causes of medical accidents were most due to negligence of sense of duty. CONCLUSION: The incidence rate of medical accidents can be decreased by strengthen colligated stuff of medical affairs personnal. We suggest that our state bring out more perfect legislation of autopsy in order to gain positive effect of technical identification in medical tangle. The medical mistake among grade of medical accidents should be added so that justice of identification could be improved.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Prova Pericial , Medicina Legal , Imperícia/legislação & jurisprudência , Acidentes/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autopsia/legislação & jurisprudência , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Prova Pericial/legislação & jurisprudência , Prova Pericial/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Imperícia/estatística & dados numéricos , Erros Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Erros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 15(5): 1178-88, 2004 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15100358

RESUMO

Prolonged exposure of the peritoneal mesothelium to high dialysate glucose concentrations reduces anionic sites that are critical to its selective permeability, thereby impairing the peritoneal transport properties in patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). Perlecan, an anionic heparan sulfate proteoglycan, is pivotal to the selective permeability of basement membranes, and high glucose concentrations modulate its synthesis in mesangial cells. The effect of glucose on perlecan expression in the peritoneal mesothelium has not been established. We investigated perlecan expression in peritoneal biopsies from patients on PD, and the effect of high glucose concentrations on perlecan synthesis in cultured human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC). Peritoneal biopsies from PD patients showed reduced perlecan expression compared with controls. Exposure of HPMC to high glucose concentrations resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in the synthesis of perlecan polypeptide and its deposition into the extracellular matrix. These effects were mediated in part through the induction of TGF-beta1. Characterization studies showed that perlecan synthesized by HPMC contained solely heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan (HS GAG) chains, and [(35)S]-incorporation studies demonstrated progressive reduction of their de novo synthesis with increasing glucose concentrations (68142 +/- 3658, 48147 +/- 2517, 31468 +/- 5781, and 25575 +/- 3621 cpm/ micro g cellular protein for 5 mM, 30 mM, 75 mM, and 120 mM D-glucose, respectively; P < 0.001 for 5 mM versus 30 mM D-glucose, and P < 0.0001 for 5 mM versus 75 mM or 120 mM D-glucose). Both the length and the charge density of the HS GAG chains remained unchanged. Reduction of peritoneal perlecan expression in long-term PD was attributed to high dialysate glucose concentrations, which induced TGF-beta1 and reduced perlecan synthesis in HPMC. Since perlecan can sequester growth factors, thereby modulating cell migration and differentiation perturbation of peritoneal perlecan expression contributes to the structural and functional changes of the peritoneum in long-term PD.


Assuntos
Soluções para Diálise/farmacologia , Glucose/farmacologia , Proteoglicanas de Heparan Sulfato/biossíntese , Diálise Peritoneal , Peritônio/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Biópsia , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Epitélio , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Peritônio/citologia , Peritônio/efeitos dos fármacos , Radioisótopos de Enxofre , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
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