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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 863, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964974

RESUMO

Postoperative infection is an important factor contributing to poor prognosis after surgical treatment of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM). However, the predictive factors of postoperative infection-related complications in adult patients with CCM have still not been well established. To identify possible predictive factors of postoperative infection after CCM surgery, we retrospectively evaluated the data of CCM patients who were enrolled into our prospective registry database. The relationship between preoperative characteristics of patients and postoperative infection-related complications was analyzed. A total of 167 CCM patients were included in this study. The average age was 39.69 ± 15.27 years old, and 21 of them had postoperative infection. For patients with postoperative infection, the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Modified Rankin Scale (mRS), white blood cell (WBC) count, and neutrophil (NEU) count were all significantly higher than those of the group without infection. Our preliminary results showed that NEU count might have significant predictive value of intracranial infection, and GCS, mRS and CCM presenting with hemorrhage were all factors significantly related to postoperative pneumonia. Preoperative GCS, mRS and CCM presenting with hemorrhage might be used as predictive factors for postoperative pneumonia after CCM surgery, while preoperative NEU count can be used as an important predictive factor for postoperative intracranial infection after CCM surgery. Further large-scale studies are still needed to confirm this finding.

2.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e919565, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Controversies exist in imaging modalities for predicting adenoma consistency. In this study, we proposed a method of predicting consistency by magnetic resonance T2-sequence imaging based on adenoma to cerebellar peduncle signal (TCTI) ratio. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between January 2013 and May 2017, 191 consecutive patients with pituitary adenoma diagnosed at our institution were retrospectively studied. The consistency grade for each lesion was assigned. And the TCTI ratio based on preoperative and postoperative T2-weighted imaging was calculated. RESULTS The median TCTI ratio was 1.55, 1.28, and 1.25 for soft, fibrous, and hard adenomas, respectively. The differences were significant for all groups (p<0.001). A cutoff value of 1.38 for soft adenomas was found to be 80.2% sensitive and 88.7% specific. The median ratio of the outermost layer of residual tumor was 1.25 (SD±0.408, 95% CI 1.27-1.42). It was less than that ratio of the upper, lower quarter, and middle region of adenoma, respectively, and the inter-group differences were all statistically significant with p≤0.001. The extent of resection for the soft group was significantly greater than that of the hard group (85.3% vs. 70.6%, p=0.011). Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed that the consistency grade was the influencing factor of degree of resection. p=0.003. CONCLUSIONS The TCTI ratio showed a good correlation with pituitary adenoma consistency. We also determined the optimal ratio of the residual adenoma.

3.
Zootaxa ; 4615(3): zootaxa.4615.3.11, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716339

RESUMO

Opsarius putaoensis, new species, is described from the Mali Hka River, a tributary of the Irrawaddy River in northern Myanmar. For convenience of identification, Opsarius sensu Rainboth (1991) in Southeast Asia and India can be divided into two species groups based on the number of anal-fin rays: (1) the O. gatensis species group with more than 12 branched anal-fin rays, and (2) the O. barna species group with fewer than 11 branched anal-fin rays. The remaining species of the O. barna species group can be divided into two species subgroups by the presence or absence of barbels: (1) the O. chatricensis species subgroup without barbels, and (2) the O. barnoides species subgroup with one or two pairs of barbels. Opsarius putaoensis sp. nov. is a member of the O. chatricensis species subgroup together with O. chatricensis, O. arunachalensis, and O. barna. Opsarius putaoensis is most similar to O. chatricensis in overall appearance, including the number of vertical bars and color pattern, but it differs from O. chatricensis by the following characters: insertion of dorsal not reaching posterior end of pelvic fin base vs. reaching, vertical bars 6-7 vs. 7-8, vertical bars extending to the lateral line vs. not, branched anal-fin rays 9 vs. 10, branched pelvic-fin rays 7 vs. 8, branched pectoral-fin rays 12, rarely 11 vs. 11, circumpeduncular scales 12 vs. 14, and scale rows between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line 7-8 vs. 6. It is distinguished from all other species of the genus Opsarius by a combination of the following characters: barbels absent, dentary with parallel rows of tubercles, snout much shorter than eye diameter, mouth gape below anterior edge of orbit, body deep with depth 25.6-33.3% SL, pectoral and pelvic axial scales lobate, lateral line completely perforated with 35-38 scales, scale rows between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line 7-8, predorsal scales 15, circumpeduncular scales 12, branched dorsal-fin rays 7, branched anal-fin rays 9, branched pelvic-fin rays 7, insertion of dorsal not reaching pelvic-fin base, body with 6-7 vertical bars, extending to lateral line, and distal edge of dorsal fin black.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Animais , Cor , Índia , Mianmar , Rios
4.
Commun Biol ; 2: 277, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372516

RESUMO

Negative distance-dependence of conspecific seedling mortality (NDisDM) is a crucial stabilizing force that regulates plant diversity, but it remains unclear whether and how fragment size shifts the strength of NDisDM. Here, we surveyed the seed‒seedling transition process for a total of 25,500 seeds of a local dominant tree species on islands of various sizes in a reservoir and on the nearby mainland. We found significant NDisDM on the mainland and large and medium islands, with significantly stronger NDisDM on medium islands. However, positive distance-dependent mortality was detected on small islands. Changes in distance-dependence were critically driven by both rodent attack and pathogen infestation, which were significantly affected by fragment size. Our results emphasize the necessity of incorporating the effects of fragment size on distance-dependent regeneration of dominant plant species into the existing frameworks for better predicting the consequences of habitat fragmentation.

5.
Proc Biol Sci ; 286(1897): 20182501, 2019 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963835

RESUMO

The collapse of mutualisms owing to anthropogenic changes is contributing to losses of biodiversity. Top predators can regulate biotic interactions between species at lower trophic levels and may contribute to the stability of such mutualisms, but they are particularly likely to be lost after disturbance of communities. We focused on the mutualism between the fig tree Ficus microcarpa and its host-specific pollinator fig wasp and compared the benefits accrued by the mutualists in natural and translocated areas of distribution. Parasitoids of the pollinator were rare or absent outside the natural range of the mutualists, where the relative benefits the mutualists gained from their interaction were changed significantly away from the plant's natural range owing to reduced seed production rather than increased numbers of pollinator offspring. Furthermore, in the absence of the negative effects of its parasitoids, we detected an oviposition range expansion by the pollinator, with the use of a wider range of ovules that could otherwise have generated seeds. Loss of top-down control has therefore resulted in a change in the balance of reciprocal benefits that underpins this obligate mutualism, emphasizing the value of maintaining food web complexity in the Anthropocene.

6.
Zootaxa ; 4476(1): 87-93, 2018 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30313343

RESUMO

Altigena malihkaia, new species, is described from the Mali Hka River, a tributary of the Irrawaddy River in northern Myanmar. It is distinguished from all other species of the genus Altigena by having a combination of 45-49 lateral-line scales, 12-14 circumpeduncular scales, 17-20 pre-dorsal midline scales, wide head (96.8-138.5% HL), long postorbital length (64.6-81.0 % HL), and short dorsal-fin (length 21.9-26.2% SL).


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Animais , Cabeça , Mianmar , Rios
7.
Science ; 362(6410): 80-83, 2018 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287660

RESUMO

Biodiversity experiments have shown that species loss reduces ecosystem functioning in grassland. To test whether this result can be extrapolated to forests, the main contributors to terrestrial primary productivity, requires large-scale experiments. We manipulated tree species richness by planting more than 150,000 trees in plots with 1 to 16 species. Simulating multiple extinction scenarios, we found that richness strongly increased stand-level productivity. After 8 years, 16-species mixtures had accumulated over twice the amount of carbon found in average monocultures and similar amounts as those of two commercial monocultures. Species richness effects were strongly associated with functional and phylogenetic diversity. A shrub addition treatment reduced tree productivity, but this reduction was smaller at high shrub species richness. Our results encourage multispecies afforestation strategies to restore biodiversity and mitigate climate change.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Mudança Climática , Extinção Biológica , Florestas , Árvores/classificação , Carbono/análise , Filogenia , Árvores/fisiologia
8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(3): 790-796, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29722220

RESUMO

Phylogeny has been widely used to quantify community phylogenetic structure and to infer the underlying mechanism. Many studies, however, neglected phylogeny uncertainty and its potential impact on community phylogenetic structure. In this study, we explored the potential impact of phylogenetic uncertainty among 150 species in a 20 hm2 plot in Tiantong, Zhejiang. One consensus tree and 999 phylogenetic trees representing the phylogenetic uncertainty were estimated based on two cpDNA fragments (rbcL and matK). Combined with the species distribution data, community phylogenetic structure was quantified by two common indices (NRI and NTI) and their significances were tested by the independent swap null model. Our results showed that tree topology and node age showed a large uncertainty. The uncertainty was larger for young species and significantly increased with mean phylogenetic distance. Phylogenetic uncertainty increased the variation of both standardized NRI and NTI in each quadrat. These impacts were independent between both indices in either spatial pattern or the degree of impact. NRI was more sensitive than NTI to the uncertainty. At community scale, phylogenetic uncertainty also affected the variation of the mean standardized NRI and NTI of all quadrats, with mean standard deviation of 0.37 and 0.077, respectively. Such a result suggests that mean standardized NRI at community level was more vulnerable to the phylogenetic uncertainty, which is consistent with the result at the sample level. Our findings showed that phylogenetic uncertainty could add different variation into the NRI and NTI series indices and might increase biases in the quantification of community phylogenetic structure and its underlying ecological processes. Our results implied that non-random community phylogenetic structure was probably overestimated in the previous studies which ignored phylogenetic uncertainty.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Filogenia , Incerteza
9.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(2): 397-402, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29692052

RESUMO

Seagrasses are monocotyledons that grow in intertidal and subtidal zones. Seagrass beds are among ecosystems with the highest ecosystem service value. However, seagrass beds are rapidly decline due to anthropogenic disturbances and global climate change. Enhalus acoroides, a monoecious perennial species, is the largest seagrass in stature. It distributes in tropical regions, with Hainan Island as its northern limits. Clonal diversity and genetic structure of E. acoroides populations in Hainan Island were studied to facilitate its conservation and restoration. We used four polymorphic microsatellites to genotype samples collected from four extant populations. We found low clonal and genetic diversities within populations, consistent with the expectations of genetic structure in edge populations. A large range of genetic differentiation was found between these four populations, probably due to the large range of geographic distances between them and genetic drift by local extinction and recolonization. We found no sign of recent bottlenecks in all the populations, probably due to the within-population genetic diversity being too low to show obvious reduction even after bottlenecks. We proposed suggestions on population conservation for those with high priority. Given that seagrass bed had experienced rapid decline in recent years, strengthened conservation and ecological restoration are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Genética Populacional , Hydrocharitaceae/genética , China , Variação Genética , Ilhas , Repetições de Microssatélites
10.
Zookeys ; (734): 1-12, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29674853

RESUMO

The diversity of anostracans in Myanmar is poorly known. A series of biodiversity surveys had been conducted in Myanmar, and two species of Streptocephalus were collected in the central dry zone. Streptocephalus sirindhornae Sanoamuang et al., 2000 is reported in Myanmar for the first time, and Streptocephalus shinsawbuaesp. n. is described as new. Streptocephalus shinsawbuaesp. n. belongs to the S. dichotomus group and is similar to S. simplex Bond, 1934 and S. sahyadriensis Rogers & Padhye, 2014, but can be distinguished by the form of the male antennal posterior primary ramus and anterior primary ramus apex and egg ornamentation. Streptocephalus dichotomus has been reported from Myanmar in the past but was not found in this survey.

11.
Trends Ecol Evol ; 33(4): 234-235, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496339
12.
Zootaxa ; 4532(1): 137-144, 2018 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647380

RESUMO

A new species of Yunnanilus is described from Tuojiang River, Sichuan, China. The new species, Yunnanilus jiuchiensis, can be distinguished from other species of Yunnanilus by the following combination of characters: processus dentiformis absent; body covered with scarce scales; lateral-line incomplete, as long as half the length of the pectoral-fin length, with 6-11 pores; eye diameter larger than interorbital width; and caudal-peduncle length less than its depth.


Assuntos
Cipriniformes , Animais , China , Rios
13.
Zool Res ; 38(5): 291-299, 2017 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29181903

RESUMO

A new species of the sisorid catfish genus Exostoma Blyth, 1860 was collected from two hill-stream tributaries of the Nujiang (Salween River) drainage in Gaoligong Mountain, south-western Yunnan Province, China from 2003 to 2006 and from two tributaries of the Salween River in Cangyuan County, Lingcang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China (in 2007) and in Yongde County, Lingcang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China (in 2015). Exostoma gaoligongensesp. nov. is the 10th species of the genus and is most similar to E. vinciguerrae in morphology but can be distinguished by pelvic fin reaching anus vs. not reaching; maxillary barbels just reaching or slightly surpassing pectoral-fin origin vs. surpassing pectoral-fin origin or even reaching posterior end of gill membrane; abdominal vertebrae 23-25 vs. 25-27; length of dorsal fin/dorsal to adipose distance 90.3%-287.0% vs. 59.2-85.7. A key to Exostoma spp. is provided.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/anatomia & histologia , Peixes-Gato/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Peixes-Gato/fisiologia , China , Rios , Especificidade da Espécie
14.
Zool Res ; 38(5): 300-309, 2017 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29181904

RESUMO

Freshwater fish from the Putao and Myitkyina areas were collected in three ichthyofaunal surveys of the Mali Hka River and tributaries in and around Khakaborazi National Park and Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary, Kachin State, from 2014-2016. Tor yingjiangensis Chen et Yang 2004, Tor qiaojiensis Wu et al. 1977, Garra qiaojiensis Wu et al. 1977, Garra bispinosa Zhang 2005, and Schizothorax oligolepis Huang 1985, originally described from the upper Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwaddy) River in China, are first reported herein as new records to Myanmar. Counts, measurements, descriptions, photographs, and distributions of the specimens of the five newly recorded species are provided.


Assuntos
Cipriniformes/anatomia & histologia , Cipriniformes/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Cipriniformes/fisiologia , Mianmar , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Food Res Int ; 100(Pt 1): 312-324, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28873693

RESUMO

This study was aimed to investigate antioxidation and α-glucosidase inhibition of the bioactive compounds in three cultivars of blueberry ('Northland' (NL) from the hybrid blueberry (V. corymbosum L.×V. angustifolium Aiton), 'Britewell' (BW), and 'Gardenblue' (GB) from the rabbiteye blueberry (Vaccinium ashei Reade)). A total of eighteen anthocyanins were identified and quantified in Anthocyanins (ACNs), among which four acylated anthocyanins were exclusively found in Northland. The blueberry anthocyanin extracts (BAEs) were further measured the antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibition effect. Northland BAEs exhibited significantly superior antioxidant activity compared with BAEs of other cultivars, and the antioxidant activity was correlated with the content of anthocyanins. However, α-glucosidase inhibition test showed that Britewell BAEs had the strongest inhibitory effect. BAEs were further separated into anthocyanin fraction (AF) and copigment fraction (CF). Fifteen phenolic acids and four iridoids were identified in CF. In terms of α-glucosidase inhibition effects, the CF from three cultivars could inhibit α-glucosidase in a dose-dependent manner, while the AF did not show significant inhibitory effects. The blueberry exhibits excellent antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibition.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Antioxidantes , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Iridoides , Antocianinas/análise , Antocianinas/química , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/análise , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Iridoides/análise , Iridoides/química , Iridoides/metabolismo , Picratos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
PLoS One ; 12(9): e0185311, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28934362

RESUMO

Environmental conditions in coastal salt marsh habitats have led to the development of specialist genetic adaptations. We evaluated six DNA barcode loci of the 53 species of Poaceae and 15 species of Chenopodiaceae from China's coastal salt marsh area and inland area. Our results indicate that the optimum DNA barcode was ITS for coastal salt-tolerant Poaceae and matK for the Chenopodiaceae. Sampling strategies for ten common species of Poaceae and Chenopodiaceae were analyzed according to optimum barcode. We found that by increasing the number of samples collected from the coastal salt marsh area on the basis of inland samples, the number of haplotypes of Arundinella hirta, Digitaria ciliaris, Eleusine indica, Imperata cylindrica, Setaria viridis, and Chenopodium glaucum increased, with a principal coordinate plot clearly showing increased distribution points. The results of a Mann-Whitney test showed that for Digitaria ciliaris, Eleusine indica, Imperata cylindrica, and Setaria viridis, the distribution of intraspecific genetic distances was significantly different when samples from the coastal salt marsh area were included (P < 0.01). These results suggest that increasing the sample size in specialist habitats can improve measurements of intraspecific genetic diversity, and will have a positive effect on the application of the DNA barcodes in widely distributed species. The results of random sampling showed that when sample size reached 11 for Chloris virgata, Chenopodium glaucum, and Dysphania ambrosioides, 13 for Setaria viridis, and 15 for Eleusine indica, Imperata cylindrica and Chenopodium album, average intraspecific distance tended to reach stability. These results indicate that the sample size for DNA barcode of globally distributed species should be increased to 11-15.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Chenopodiaceae/classificação , Chenopodiaceae/fisiologia , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico/métodos , Poaceae/classificação , Poaceae/fisiologia , Salinidade , Chenopodiaceae/genética , DNA de Plantas/genética , Ecossistema , Variação Genética , Poaceae/genética , Tamanho da Amostra
17.
Hepatology ; 66(1): 209-219, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28370357

RESUMO

Mortality from hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is high due to limited treatment options. Preclinical and clinical investigations have proved that treatment with mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) is beneficial for recovery from liver injury. We hypothesized that the outcome of HBV-related ACLF would be improved by MSC treatment. From 2010 to 2013, 110 patients with HBV-related ACLF were enrolled in this open-label, nonblinded randomized controlled study. The control group (n = 54) was treated with standard medical therapy (SMT) only. The experimental group (n = 56) was infused weekly for 4 weeks with 1.0 to 10 × 105 cells/kg allogeneic bone marrow-derived MSCs and then followed for 24 weeks. The cumulated survival rate of the MSC group was 73.2% (95% confidence interval 61.6%-84.8%) versus 55.6% (95% confidence interval 42.3%-68.9%) for the SMT group (P = 0.03). There were no infusion-related side effects, but fever was more frequent in MSC compared to SMT patients during weeks 5-24 of follow-up. No carcinoma occurred in any trial patient in either group. Compared with the control group, allogeneic bone marrow-derived MSC treatment markedly improved clinical laboratory measurements, including serum total bilirubin and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease scores. The incidence of severe infection in the MSC group was much lower than that in the SMT group (16.1% versus 33.3%, P = 0.04). Mortality from multiple organ failure and severe infection was higher in the SMT group than in the MSC group (37.0% versus 17.9%, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Peripheral infusion of allogeneic bone marrow-derived MSCs is safe and convenient for patients with HBV-related ACLF and significantly increases the 24-week survival rate by improving liver function and decreasing the incidence of severe infections. (Hepatology 2017;66:209-219).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/mortalidade , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/terapia , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B/complicações , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Causas de Morte , China , Feminino , Hepatite B/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zookeys ; (646): 95-108, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28228678

RESUMO

During a survey of the Mali Hka River drainage in Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary in December 2015, a new species was collected and is described herein as Oreoglanis hponkanensis. It is a member of the Oreoglanis siamensis species group and can be distinguished from its congeners in having a unique combination of the following characters: lower lip with median notch and posterior margin entire, caudal fin emarginate, nasal barbel reaching about half the distance to eye, tip of maxillary barbel rounded, posterior margin of maxillary barbel entire, absence of pale elliptical patches on sides of body below adipose fin, absence of patch on base of first dorsal fin ray, caudal fin brown with two round, bright orange patches in middle, branched dorsal fin rays 5, branched anal fin rays 2, vertebrae 40, pectoral fin surpassing pelvic fin origin, pelvic fin length 21-26% SL, caudal peduncle length 25-33% SL, caudal peduncle depth 3-5% SL, adipose fin base length 34-39% SL, and dorsal to adipose distance 12-16% SL.

19.
Zool Res ; 37(5): 275-80, 2016 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27686786

RESUMO

Biological invasion is a pervasive negative force of global change, especially in its effects on sensitive freshwater ecosystems. Even protected areas are usually not immune. Ptychobarbus chungtienensis is a threatened freshwater fish now almost confined to Bita Lake, in the Shangri-La region of Yunnan province, China. Its existence is threatened by the introduction of non-native weatherfishes (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus and Paramisgurnus dabryanus) by an unusual method known as 'prayer animal release'. Periodic surveys revealed the ratio of invasive weatherfishes to P. chungtienensis has been increasing since the former species was first recorded from the lake in August, 2009. Ptychobarbus chungtienensis shows low genetic diversity in the relict Lake Bita population. Weatherfishes, however, have highly successful survival strategies. The degree of dietary overlap between the species is alarming and perhaps critical if food is found to be a limiting factor.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Cipriniformes , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Espécies Introduzidas , Lagos , Animais , Cipriniformes/genética , Cipriniformes/fisiologia , Dieta , Variação Genética
20.
Zookeys ; (612): 133-48, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27667927

RESUMO

The major phylogenetic pattern of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini has been revealed by previous molecular studies; however, the relationships within a clade that mainly inhabits the karst regions, which we refer to as the "karst group", in southwest China remain unresolved due to the low taxon sampling. This group includes more than 50% of the genera and species of Labeonini in China. Moreover, more than 90% of the genera of this group are endemic to China. In addition, some new genera and species of Labeonini have been discovered from these karst regions, but their taxonomic validity and phylogenetic position have not been examined. In this contribution, partial sequences of four nuclear (exon 3 of recombination activating protein 1, rhodopsin, early growth response protein 2B gene and interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein gene) and three mitochondrial genes (cytochrome b, cytochrome oxidase subunit I and 16S ribosomal RNA) from 36 ingroup taxa and 25 outgroup taxa were analyzed to provide a hypothesis of the phylogenetic relationships within the labeonins of the karst regions in China. We propose that the monophyly of Parasinilabeo, Ptychidio, Rectoris and Semilabeo are supported. A new genus, Prolixicheilus, is erected for Pseudogyrinocheilus longisulcus. Cophecheilus bamen is the sister to Prolixicheilus longisulcus. Ptychidio, Pseudocrossocheilus, Semilabeo, Rectoris and Stenorynchoacrum are closely related with high support values. Sinocrossocheilus, Pseudogyrinocheilus, Paraqianlabeo, Hongshuia, Discogobio and Discocheilus form a clade together with high support. Considering molecular results and morphological differences, Parasinilabeo longicorpus and Ptychidio macrops might be the synonyms of Parasinilabeo assimilis and Ptychidio jordani respectively. Comprehensive taxonomic revisions of the two genera Parasinilabeo and Ptychidio may be necessary.

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