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1.
Front Genet ; 13: 891204, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571040

RESUMO

The Dmrt (Doublesex and Mab-3 related transcription factor) gene family is a class of crucial transcription factors characterized by a conserved DM domain related to sex determination and differentiation, which has been systematically described in various teleost fish, but less in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), an important global aquaculture species in the US and China. In this study, seven Dmrt genes from channel catfish genome were identified and analyzed using bioinformatics methods. Seven IpDmrt genes were distributed unevenly across five chromosomes. Synteny analysis revealed that Dmrt1, Dmrt2a, Dmrt2b, Dmrt3, Dmrt4, and Dmrt5 were relatively conserved in teleost fish. Tissue distribution analysis showed that IpDmrt1, IpDmrt2b, IpDmrt5, and IpDmrt6 exhibited sexually dimorphic expression patterns and, among them, IpDmrt1 and IpDmrt6 had high expression levels in the testes, while IpDmrt2b and IpDmrt5 had more significant expression levels in the ovaries than in other tissues. After 17ß-estradiol treatment, IpDmrt2b and IpDmrt5 were significantly up regulated, while the expression of IpDmrt1 and IpDmrt6 was significantly repressed in XY channel catfish ovaries compared with XX channel catfish ovaries. The present study provides a comprehensive insight into the Dmrt gene family of channel catfish. The results suggest that IpDmrt1 and IpDmrt6 may play an important role in testis differentiation/development, while IpDmrt2b and IpDmrt5 are critical in ovary development in this species.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522402

RESUMO

This work comprehensively reviews the equations governing multicomponent flow and reactive transport in porous media on the pore-scale, mesoscale and continuum scale. For each of these approaches, the different numerical schemes for solving the coupled advection-diffusion-reactions equations are presented. The parameters influenced by coupled biological and chemical reactions in evolving porous media are emphasised and defined from a pore-scale perspective. Recent pore-scale studies, which have enhanced the basic understanding of processes that affect and control porous media parameters, are discussed. Subsequently, a summary of the common methods used to describe the transport process, fluid flow, reactive surface area and reaction parameters such as porosity, permeability and tortuosity are reviewed.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 842332, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463038

RESUMO

Background: A variety of regional analgesia methods are used during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Our network meta-analysis (NMA) sought to evaluate the advantages of various methods of localized postoperative pain management in VATS patients. Methods: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and EMBASE were searched from their date of inception to May 2021 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing two or more types of locoregional analgesia in adults using any standardized clinical criteria. This was done using Bayesian NMA. Results: A total of 3,563 studies were initially identified, and 16 RCTs with a total of 1,144 participants were ultimately included. These studies, which spanned the years 2014 to 2021 and included data from eight different countries, presented new information. There were a variety of regional analgesia techniques used, and in terms of analgesic effect, thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) [SMD (standard mean difference) = 1.12, CrI (Credible interval): (-0.08 to -2.33)], thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) (SMD = 0.67, CrI: (-0.25 to 1.60) and erector spinae plane block (ESPB) (SMD = 0.34, CrI: (-0.5 to 1.17) were better than other regional analgesia methods. Conclusion: Overall, these findings show that TEA, TPVB and ESPB may be effective forms of regional analgesia in VATS. This research could be a valuable resource for future efforts regarding the use of thoracic regional analgesia and enhanced recovery after surgery. Systematic Review Registration: Identifier [PROSPERO CRD42021253218].

4.
Front Genet ; 13: 830601, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401692

RESUMO

Objective: Esophageal cancer is an aggressive malignant tumor, with 90 percent of the patients prone to recurrence and metastasis. Although recent studies have identified some potential biomarkers, these biomarkers' clinical or pathological significance is still unclear. Therefore, it is urgent to further identify and study novel molecular changes occurring in esophageal cancer. It has positive clinical significance to identify a tumor-specific mutation in patients after surgery for an effective intervention to improve the prognosis of patients. Methods: In this study, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) on 33 tissue samples from six esophageal cancer patients with lymph node metastasis, compared the differences in the genomic and evolutionary maps in different tissues, and then performed pathway enrichment analysis on non-synonymous mutation genes. Finally, we sorted out the somatic mutation data of all patients to analyze the subclonality of each tumor. Results: There were significant differences in somatic mutations between the metastatic lymph nodes and primary lesions in the six patients. Clustering results of pathway enrichment analysis indicated that the metastatic lymph nodes had certain commonalities. Tumors of the cloned exploration results illustrated that five patients showed substantial heterogeneity. Conclusion: WES technology can be used to explore the differences in regional evolutionary maps, heterogeneity, and detect patients' tumor-specific mutations. In addition, an in-depth understanding of the ontogeny and phylogeny of tumor heterogeneity can help to further find new molecular changes in esophageal cancer, which can improve the prognosis of EC patients and provide a valuable reference for their diagnosis.

5.
J Oncol ; 2022: 3794021, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444699

RESUMO

Background: Although more pathologic stage-I lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) was diagnosed recently, some relapsed or distantly metastasized shortly after radical resection. The study aimed to identify biomarkers predicting prognosis in the pathologic stage-I LUAD and improve the understanding of the mechanisms involved in tumorigenesis. Methods: We obtained the expression profiling data for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients from the NCBI-GEO database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between early-stage NSCLC and normal lung tissue were determined. After function enrichment analyses on DEGs, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was built and analyzed with the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) and Cytoscape. Overall survival (OS) and mRNA levels of genes were performed with Kaplan-Meier analysis and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA). qPCR and western blot analysis of hub genes in stage-I LUAD patients validated the significant genes with poor prognosis. Results: A total of 172 DEGs were identified, which were mainly enriched in terms related to management of extracellular matrix (ECM), receptor signaling pathway, cell adhesion, activity of endopeptidase, and receptor. The PPI network identified 11 upregulated hub genes that were significantly associated with OS in NSCLC and highly expressed in NSCLC tissues compared with normal tissues by GEPIA. Elevated expression of ANLN, EXO1, KIAA0101, RRM2, TOP2A, and UBE2T were identified as potential risk factors in pathologic stage-I LUAD. Except for ANLN and KIAA0101, the hub genes mRNA levels were higher in tumors compared with adjacent non-cancerous samples in the qPCR analysis. The hub genes protein levels were also overexpressed in tumors. In vitro experiments showed that knockdown of UBE2T in LUAD cell lines could inhibit cell proliferation and cycle progression. Conclusions: The DEGs can probably be used as potential predictors for stage-I LUAD worse prognosis and UBE2T may be a potential tumor promoter and target for treatment.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35254482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the expression of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) in lung cancer (LC) and its correlation with tumor glucose metabolism and histopathology. METHODS: From June 2018 to November 2020, 73 patients with newly diagnosed LC were included. Immunohistochemical staining was used to quantify FAP expression in tumors. The histopathological type and tumor grade were determined via histopathological examination. The tumor glucose metabolism parameters and tumor maximal diameter were measured via [18F] F-FDG PET/CT. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to study the correlation of FAP expression levels with glucose metabolism variables and tumor histopathology. RESULTS: Positive FAP expression was observed in 97.3% (71/73) LC lesions, which was significantly higher than 87.7% (64/73) of [18F] F-FDG positivity observed on PET/CT (χ2 = 4.818, P = 0.028). In 12 early adenocarcinomas (ADCs), only three lesions (25%) were positive for [18F] F-FDG on PET/CT; however, 10 lesions (83.3%) were positive for FAP. When FAP expression was classified into low level (scores ≤ 3) and high level (scores > 4), high FAP level was found in 80.8% tumors and low FAP level in the other 19.2% tumors. High FAP level was identified in 100.0% of squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), 85.7% of ADCs, 66.7% (4/6) of large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNCs), and 40.0% (4/10) of small cell lung cancers (SCLCs) (P < 0.05). In non-mucinous ADC lesions, on univariate analysis, FAP expression level showed a close relationship with tumor metabolism parameters (maximal standard uptake value (SUVmax), mean standard uptake value (SUVmean), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG)), tumor diameter, tumor grade, and lesion attenuation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that FAP is widely expressed in LC and shows great variation in different histopathological types. A high positive rate of FAP expression implies that FAP-targeted imaging may be a sensitive modality for diagnosing LC, especially in early ADCs. Further validation with such probes is warranted.

7.
Biomed Opt Express ; 13(2): 982-994, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35284195

RESUMO

A novel dual-path microbend fiber optic sensor is designed for noninvasive measurement of respiratory rate (RR) and heart rate (HR) for cancer patients. The performance of the microbend fiber sensor is assessed in two groups of cancer patients, cancer patients with pain and without pain, ranging from eighteen to ninety-six years old in a daily observational measurement with the sensor mattress under the mattress of the clinical bed. All the patients received standard clinical monitoring for evaluating the accuracy of our measurement results. The results of our study showed good consistency in the experimental results of RR and HR between the dual-path fiber sensor we proposed and the hospital equipment with average errors of 3.60 beats per minute (bpm) and 1.02 respiration per minute (rpm) in HR and RR measurement in cancer patients with pain and 1.87bpm and 1.27rpm in HR and RR measurement in cancer patients without pain, respectively. In HR monitoring, the single path microbend fiber optic sensor has 8035 minutes of data with a false report rate of 19.09%, while the dual-path microbend fiber optic sensor has 6188 minutes of data with a false report rate of 12.87%. The dual-path sensor has a smaller false report rate compared with the single path sensor due to pre-judgments of data with path 1 and path 2. To our best knowledge, it is the first time to propose and demonstrate a dual-path sensor to reduce the false report rate for HR and RR measurements. The results of the Blend-Altman method showed great agreement between our sensor and hospital standard monitor in HR and RR measurements. The independent sample t-test indicates that the HR of cancer patients may be an effective way to judge whether or not they have cancer pain. Our noninvasive dual-path microbend fiber sensor also showed the advantages of an easy fabrication process, simple structure, and low false report rate.

8.
Mol Ther Oncolytics ; 24: 612-623, 2022 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35284624

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate whether and how exosomal miR-205-5p regulated angiogenesis and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) metastasis. We found that up-regulated serum exosomal miR-205-5p levels were associated with NPC progression and worse overall survival of NPC patients. miR-205-5p over-expression significantly increased tube formation, wound healing, migration and invasion of NPC cells, and lung metastasis of NPC tumors, whereas miR-205-5p inhibition had opposite effects. Exosomal miR-205-5p from NPC cells promoted the migration, tube formation, and microvessel density (MVD) of HUVECs in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, bioinformatics-, luciferase reporter-, and biotinylated miR-205-5p-based pull-down assays indicated that miR-205-5p directly bound to the 3' UTR of desmocollin-2 (DSC2). Exosomal miR-205-5p targeted DSC2 to enhance the EGFR/ERK signaling and MMP2/MMP9 expression, promoting angiogenesis and NPC metastasis, which was abrogated by DSC2 over-expression. Finally, the levels of miR-205-5p transcripts were positively correlated with MVD but negatively with DSC2 expression in NPC tissues, and patients with miR-205high/DSC2low NPC had worse overall survival. In conclusion, exosomal miR-205-5p promotes angiogenesis and NPC metastasis by targeting DSC2 to enhance EGFR/ERK signaling and MMP expression. This exosomal/miR-205-5p/EGFR/ERK axis may be a new therapeutic target for intervention of NPC metastasis.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35333153

RESUMO

A novel species of endophytic actinobacterium, designated strain GBK3QG-3T, was isolated from surface-sterilized root of Kandelia candel collected from Beilun Estuary, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, PR China. Cells of strain GBK3QG-3T were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped. Growth of GBK3QG-3T was observed at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). The G+C content of genomic DNA was determined to be 72.2 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain GBK3QG-3T was most related to the type strain of Nocardioides agrisoli CCTCC AB 2017058T (97.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), followed by Nocardioides ginkgobilobae SYP-A7303T (97.0 %) and Nocardioides aquiterrae GW-9T (96.9 %). Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain GBK3QG-3T and some strains of the genus Nocardioides with publicly available genomes were below 84.3 and 30.0 %, respectively. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained ll-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, an unknown phospholipid and an unknown lipid. The major menaquinone was identified as MK-8(H4), and the major fatty acids were identified as iso-C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Based on evidence collected from the phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analyses, we propose a novel species named Nocardioides mangrovi sp. nov. The type strain is GBK3QG-3T (=CGMCC 4.7708T=JCM 34553T).


Assuntos
Rhizophoraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nocardioides , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhizophoraceae/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35353675

RESUMO

A new endophytic bacterium, designated strain MQZ13P-4T was isolated from Sonneratia apetala collected from Maowei sea Mangrove Nature Reserve in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, PR China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain MQZ13P-4T and its closest phylogenetic neighbour Jiella endophytica CBS5Q-3T was 97.9 %. Phylogenetic analyses using 16S rRNA gene sequences and whole-genome sequences showed that strain MQZ13P-4T formed a distinct lineage with Jiella endophytica CBS5Q-3T, Jiella pacifica 40Bstr34T and Jiella aquimaris JCM 30119T. The draft genome of strain MQZ13P-4T was 5 153 243 bp in size and its DNA G+C content was 68.1 mol%. Comparative genome analysis revealed that the average nucleotide identity, digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average amino acid identity values among strain MQZ13P-4T and other related species were below the cut-off levels of 95, 70 and 95.5 %, respectively. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain MQZ13P-4T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major cellular fatty acid was C18 : 1 ω7c. The polar lipids comprised phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminolipids and two unidentified lipids. Strain MQZ13P-4T had a typical chemical compositions of fatty acids, lipids, quinones and diagnostic diamino acid for Jiella species, but could be distinguished from known species of the genus Jiella. Based on polyphasic evidence, strain MQZ13P-4T represents novel species of the genus Jiella, for which the name Jiella sonneratiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MQZ13P-4T (=CGMCC 1.18727T=JCM 34333T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Casca de Planta , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , Casca de Planta/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286270

RESUMO

In the actual production, the insertion of new job and machine preventive maintenance (PM) are very common phenomena. Under these situations, a flexible job-shop rescheduling problem (FJRP) with both new job insertion and machine PM is investigated. First, an imperfect PM (IPM) model is established to determine the optimal maintenance plan for each machine, and the optimality is proven. Second, in order to jointly optimize the production scheduling and maintenance planning, a multiobjective optimization model is developed. Third, to deal with this model, an improved nondominated sorting genetic algorithm III with adaptive reference vector (NSGA-III/ARV) is proposed, in which a hybrid initialization method is designed to obtain a high-quality initial population and a critical-path-based local search (LS) mechanism is constructed to accelerate the convergence speed of the algorithm. In the numerical simulation, the effect of parameter setting on the NSGA-III/ARV is investigated by the Taguchi experimental design. After that, the superiority of the improved operators and the overall performance of the proposed algorithm are demonstrated. Next, the comparison of two IPM models is carried out, which verifies the effectiveness of the designed IPM model. Last but not least, we have analyzed the impact of different maintenance effects on both the optimal maintenance decisions and integrated maintenance-production scheduling schemes.

12.
Biomaterials ; 283: 121476, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334354

RESUMO

In view of the fact that pancreatic cancer, called as the king of cancer, is one of the most lethal malignancies, exploring effective technologies for pancreatic cancer diagnosis and therapy remains an appealing yet significantly challenging task. Phototheranostics has recently received considerable attention by virtue of its various distinctive advantages. However, the limited penetration depth, strong oxygen-dependence and high heat shock protein-inhibition of conventional phototheranostic materials severely hamper their overall theranostic efficacy, especially for deep-seated hypoxia tumors, such as pancreatic tumor. In this study, an aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-featured photosensitizer, namely DCTBT, synchronously sharing NIR-II fluorescence imaging (FLI), diminished oxygen-dependent type-I photodynamic therapy (PDT) and high-efficiency photothermal therapy (PTT) functions was subtly constructed by molecular engineering. With the aid of an EGFR-targeting-peptide-modified amphiphilic polymer, the as-prepared DCTBT-loaded liposomes is capable of effectively accumulating at and visualizing pancreatic tumor, as well as significantly suppressing the tumor growth on both subcutaneous and orthotopic PANC-1 tumor mice models. This study thus brings useful insights into designing the next generation of cancer theranostic agents for potential clinical applications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Camundongos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Medicina de Precisão , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos
14.
Tree Physiol ; 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35313353

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are widely involved in plant growth and development. However, the function of circRNAs in plant somatic embryogenesis (SE) remains elusive. Here, by using high-throughput sequencing, a total of 5,029 circRNAs were identified in the three stages of longan (Dimocarpus longan) early SE. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis revealed that differentially expressed (DE) circRNA host genes were enriched in the 'non-homologous end-joining' (NHEJ) and 'butanoate metabolism' pathways. In addition, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content during longan early SE was determined. The results indicated that ROS-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) may not depend on the NHEJ repair pathway. Correlation analyses of the levels of related metabolites (glutamate, γ-aminobutyrate and pyruvate) and the expression levels of circRNAs and their host genes involved in butanoate metabolism were performed. The results suggested that circRNAs may act as regulators of the expression of cognate mRNAs, thereby affecting the accumulation of related compounds. A competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network of DE circRNAs, DE mRNAs, DE long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and DE microRNAs (miRNAs) was constructed. The results showed that the putative targets of the noncoding RNA (ncRNAs) were significantly enriched in the KEGG pathways 'mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling' and 'nitrogen metabolism'. Furthermore, the expression patterns of the candidate circRNAs, lncRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs confirmed the negative correlation between miRNAs and ceRNAs. And two circRNA overexpression vectors were constructed to further verify the ceRNA network correlations in longan early SE. Our study revealed the potential role of circRNAs in longan early SE, providing new insights into the intricate regulatory mechanism underlying plant SE.

15.
Gene ; 826: 146453, 2022 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337851

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 (CYP), a multi-gene superfamily, is involved in a broad range of physiological processes, including hormone responses and secondary metabolism throughout the plant life cycle. Longan (Dimocarpus longan), a subtropical and tropical evergreen fruit tree, its embryonic development is closely related to the yield and quality of fruits. And a large number of secondary metabolites, such as flavonoids and carotenoids, are also produced during the longan somatic embryogenesis (SE). It is important, therefore, to study potential functions of CYPs in longan. However, the knowledge of longan CYPs is still very limited. Here, a total of 327 DlCYPs were identified using the genome-search method, which could be classified into nine clans. The expansion of the DlCYP family was mainly caused by tandem duplication (TD) events. Promoter cis-acting elements analysis elucidated that DlCYPs played important roles in hormonal responses. A total of 246 DlCYPs exhibited six different expression patterns during the early SE based on longan transcriptomic data. Eight DlCYPs underwent alternative splicing (AS) events, and they might produce one to six isoforms. And the AS transcript of DlCYP97C1 might act as an alternative to the full-length transcript in ICpEC and GE stages. Finally, protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks and miRNA target prediction elucidated that DlCYPs might be involved in the phenylpropanoid metabolic pathway and primarily regulated and targeted by miR413. In summary, our results provided valuable inventory for understanding the classification and biological functions of DlCYPs and provided insight into further functional verification of DlCYPs during the longan early SE.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Sapindaceae , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Família Multigênica , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Sapindaceae/genética
16.
Org Lett ; 24(11): 2137-2142, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35297250

RESUMO

By merging electrocatalysis and nickel catalysis, a unified strategy has been successfully applied to achieve the decarboxylative cross-coupling of four types of α-oxocarboxylic acids and their derivatives with aryl trimethylammonium salts under mild conditions. Our strategy provides a practical way for preparing aryl ketones, amides, esters, or aldehydes.

17.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(2)2022 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35205362

RESUMO

Polyamines (PAs) play an important regulatory role in many basic cellular processes and physiological and biochemical processes. However, there are few studies on the identification of PA biosynthesis and metabolism family members and the role of PAs in the transition of plant embryogenic calli (EC) into globular embryos (GE), especially in perennial woody plants. We identified 20 genes involved in PA biosynthesis and metabolism from the third-generation genome of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.). There were no significant differences between longan and other species regarding the number of members, and they had high similarity with Citrus sinensis. Light, plant hormones and a variety of stress cis-acting elements were found in these family members. The biosynthesis and metabolism of PAs in longan were mainly completed by DlADC2, DlSAMDC2, DlSAMDC3, DlSPDS1A, DlSPMS, DlCuAOB, DlCuAO3A, DlPAO2 and DlPAO4B. In addition, 0.01 mmol∙L-1 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC), putrescine (Put) and spermine (Spm), could promote the transformation of EC into GE, and Spm treatment had the best effect, while 0.01 mmol∙L-1 D-arginine (D-arg) treatment inhibited the process. The period between the 9th and 11th days was key for the transformation of EC into GE in longan. There were higher levels of gibberellin (GA), salicylic acid (SA) and abscisic acid (ABA) and lower levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), ethylene and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in this key period. The expression levels in this period of DlADC2, DlODC, DlSPDS1A, DlCuAOB and DlPAO4B were upregulated, while those of DlSAMDC2 and DlSPMS were downregulated. These results showed that the exogenous ACC, D-arg and PAs could regulate the transformation of EC into GE in longan by changing the content of endogenous hormones and the expression levels of PA biosynthesis and metabolism genes. This study provided a foundation for further determining the physicochemical properties and molecular evolution characteristics of the PA biosynthesis and metabolism gene families, and explored the mechanism of PAs and ethylene for regulating the transformation of plant EC into GE.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Poliaminas , Sapindaceae
18.
Mikrochim Acta ; 189(3): 89, 2022 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35129701

RESUMO

For real-time evaluation of the cell behavior and function under in vivo-like 3D environment, the 3D functionalized scaffolds simultaneously integrate the function of 3D cell culture, and electrochemical sensing is a convincing candidate. Herein, Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the nanozyme (peroxide oxidase mimics) were modified on graphene foam scaffold to construct a 3D integrated platform. The platform displayed a wide linear range of 100 nM to 20 µM and a high sensitivity of 53.2 nA µM-1 toward detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) under the working potential of + 0.6 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The obtained 3D scaffold also displayed satisfactory selectivity toward the possible interferents that appeared in the cell culture environment. Furthermore, the cells still maintained high cell viability (almost 100%) after their growth and proliferation on the scaffold for 7 days. With the superior performance on cell culture and electrochemical monitoring, the functions on the 3D culture of MCF-7 or HeLa cells and in situ monitoring of cell-released H2O2 was easily achieved on this 3D platform, which show its great application prospects on further cancer-related disease diagnosis or drug screening. A nanozyme-based three-dimensional graphene scaffold was successfully constructed for cell culture and identification of cancer cells through in situ electrochemical monitoring of the cell-released H2O2.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Grafite/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Magnéticas de Óxido de Ferro/química , Células Cultivadas , Eletrodos , Células HeLa , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Células MCF-7 , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
19.
J Org Chem ; 87(5): 2421-2434, 2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35138091

RESUMO

An efficient methylthiomethylation of pyrroloisoquinolines and pyrroloquinolines has been reached by the use of ammonium acetate and dimethyl sulfoxide. Methylthiomethylated heterocycles can be obtained in moderate to good yields in most cases, while trace amounts to good yields of methylene-bridged products can be observed. Choice of DMSO activator and its amount have a great influence on the chemoselectivity of this process. It is worth noting that this process can also be scalable. Another feature of this process is that the product can be transformed to sulfone and sulfoxide easily.

20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 47(2): 165-70, 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of Pinggan Jiangya decoction combined with penetrating needling at Baihui (GV20) in a period of day from 7 am to 9 am in the treatment of grade 1 and 2 essential hypertension (EH). METHODS: A total of 150 cases of grade 1 and 2 EH patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 75 cases in each group. In the control group, Pinggan Jiangya decoction was prescribed for oral administration one dose a day, while in the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group, penetrating needling was exerted at GV20 once daily. The treatment duration was 8 weeks. Before and after treatment, the TCM syndrome score, 24 h average systolic blood pressure (24 h ASBP), 24 h average diastolic blood pressure (24 h ADBP), 24 h average pulse pressure difference (24 h PP), morning blood pressure surge (MBPS), 24 h SBP variability (24 h SBPV), 24 h DBP variability (24 h DBPV), serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and melatonin (MT) were compared in the patients of the two groups. The clinical therapeutic effect was observed in the two groups. RESULTS: After the treatment, in the self-comparison of each group, the scores of headache, vertigo, backache, soft knees, tinnitus, 24 h ASBP, 24 h ADBP, 24 h PP, MBPS, 24 h SBPV and 24 h DBPV in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01), and the above indexes in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The level of serum 5-HT after the treatment was lower than that of before the treatment (P<0.01), while the level of MT was higher than that of before the treatment (P<0.01) in both two groups, and the level of 5-HT in the observation group was lower than that of the control group, while the level of MT was higher than that of the control group (P<0.01). The total effective rate of the observation group was 93.3% (70/75), better than 76.0% (57/75) of the control group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Pinggan Jiangya decoction combined with penetrating needling at GV20 in a period of day from 7 am to 9 am can regulate the levels of serum MT and 5-HT, effectively reduce blood pressure, improve blood pressure variability, control morning peak blood pressure, and has a remarkable effect in the treatment of grade 1 and 2 EH.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Hipertensão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Pressão Sanguínea , Hipertensão Essencial/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico
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