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1.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937967

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Development of a system for direct lactose to ethanol fermentation provides a market for the massive amounts of underutilized whey permeate made by the dairy industry. For this system, glucose and galactose metabolism were uncoupled in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by deleting two negative regulatory genes, GAL80 and MIG1, and introducing the essential lactose hydrolase LAC4 and lactose transporter LAC12, from the native but inefficient lactose fermenting yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus. RESULTS: Previously, integration of the LAC4 and LAC12 genes into the MIG1 and NTH1 loci was achieved to construct strain AY-51024M. Low rates of lactose conversion led us to generate the Δmig1Δgal80 diploid mutant strain AY-GM from AY-5, which exhibited loss of diauxic growth and glucose repression, subsequently taking up galactose for consumption at a significantly higher rate and yielding higher ethanol concentrations than strain AY-51024M. Similarly, in cheese whey permeate powder solution (CWPS) during three, repeated, batch processes in a 5L bioreactor containing either 100 g/L or 150 g/L lactose, the lactose uptake and ethanol productivity rates were both significantly greater than that of AY-51024M, while the overall fermentation times were considerably lower. CONCLUSIONS: Using the Cre-loxp system for deletion of the MIG1 and GAL80 genes to relieve glucose repression, and LAC4 and LAC12 overexpression to increase lactose uptake and conversion provides an efficient basis for yeast fermentation of whey permeate by-product into ethanol.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796984

RESUMO

A novel, aerobic, moderately halophilic Gram-positive actinomycete, strain MASK1Z-5T was isolated from a surface-sterilized branch of Bruguiera gymnoirhiza in Shankou Mangrove Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China. The taxonomic position of the strain was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain MASK1Z-5T tolerated up to 20% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0-7%), and grew at pH 5.0-12.0 (optimum pH 7.0-8.0), 20-37 °C (optimum 30 °C). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain MASK1Z-5T belonged to the genus Brachybacterium, and showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.0% to B. endophyticum M1HQ-2T. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diamino acid. MK-7 was the predominant menaquinone. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid and three unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0 and anteiso-C17:0. The DNA G + C content was calculated to be 71.8 mol% based on the whole genome sequence. The estimated values of average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) based on whole genome sequences between strain MASK1Z-5T and B. endophyticum M1HQ-2T were 81.8% and 25.0%, respectively. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic properties clearly indicated that strain MASK1Z-5T represents a novel species within the genus Brachybacterium, for which the name Brachybacterium halotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MASK1Z-5T (= CGMCC1.18660T = JCM 34339T).

3.
Life Sci ; : 119481, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857573

RESUMO

AIMS: Muscle and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells presented high osteogenic potentials, which modulate osteoblast function through releasing extracellular vesicles (EVs) containing miRNAs. Herein, this study evaluated the function of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (BMSC-EVs) delivering miR-497-5p in ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). MAIN METHODS: The expression level of miR-497-5p was validated in ossified posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) tissues and BMSC-EVs. The uptake of BMSC-EVs by ligament fibroblasts was observed by immunofluorescence. miR-497-5p was overexpressed or downregulated to assess its role in osteogenic differentiation of ligament fibroblasts. Further, an OPLL rat model was established to substantiate the effect of BMSC-EVs enriched with miR-497-5p on OPLL. KEY FINDINGS: Ossified PLL tissues presented with high miR-497-5p expression. PLL fibroblasts were identified to endocytose BMSC-EVs. BMSC-EVs could upregulate miR-497-5p and shuttle it to ligament fibroblasts to accelerate the osteogenic differentiation. miR-497-5p targeted and inversely regulated RSPO2. Then, RSPO2 overexpression activated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and repressed the osteogenic differentiation of ligament fibroblasts. In vivo experiments further showed that miR-497-5p-containing BMSC-EVs enhanced OPLL through diminishing RSPO2 and inactivating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: BMSC-EVs could deliver miR-497-5p to ligament fibroblasts and modulate RSPO2-mediated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, thereby accelerating OPLL.

4.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(4): 390-396, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the association of early nutrition intake with the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database were searched for the observational studies on the association between early nutrition intake and BPD. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of eligible studies. RESULTS: Eight observational studies were included, with 548 infants with BPD and 522 infants without BPD. The Meta analysis showed that the BPD group had a significantly lower caloric intake than the non-BPD group within the first week after birth and in the first 2 weeks after birth (P < 0.05). The BPD group had a significantly lower enteral nutrition intake than the non-BPD group (WMD=-18.27, 95%CI:-29.70 to -6.84, P < 0.05), as well as a significantly lower intake of carbohydrate, fat, and protein (P < 0.05). The BPD group had a significantly longer duration of parenteral nutrition than the non-BPD group (WMD=14.26, 95%CI:13.26-15.25, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Early nutrition deficiency may be associated with the development of BPD, and more attention should be paid to enteral feeding of infants at a high risk of BPD to achieve total enteral feeding as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Desnutrição , Displasia Broncopulmonar/epidemiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/etiologia , China , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Nutrição Parenteral
5.
ACS Nano ; 15(4): 7649-7658, 2021 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871962

RESUMO

Accurate and rapid blood typing plays a vital role in a variety of biomedical and forensic scenarios, but recognizing weak agglutination remains challenging. Herein, we demonstrated a flipping identification with a prompt error-discrimination (FLIPPED) platform for automatic blood group readouts. Bromocresol green dye was exploited as a characteristic chromatography indicator for the differentiation of plasma from whole blood by presenting a teal color against a brown color. After integrating these color changes into a quick-response (QR) code, prompt typing of ABO and Rhesus groups was automatically achieved and data could be uploaded wirelessly within 30 s using a commercially available smartphone to facilitate blood cross-matching. We further designed a color correction model and algorithm to remove potential errors from scanning angles and ambient light intensities, by which weak agglutination could be accurately recognized. With comparable accuracy and repeatability to classical column assay in grouping 450 blood samples, the proposed approach further demonstrates to be a versatile sample-to-result platform for clinical diagnostics, food safety, and environmental monitoring.

6.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2000845, 2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715285

RESUMO

SCOPE: Human milk can prevent the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Human milk is rich in cargo-carrying exosomes that participate in intercellular communication. This study investigated the effects of term and preterm human milk-derived exosomes, and elucidated their lipid expression profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Milk from healthy mothers is collected who have delivered full-term or preterm infants, and exosomes are isolated and quantified. Administration of term and preterm milk exosomes significantly enhances epithelial proliferation and migration in vitro, and ameliorates the severity of NEC in vivo. A total of 395 lipids are identified in term and preterm human milk-derived exosomes. Bioinformatics analysis and western blotting reveal that top 50 lipids regulate intestinal epithelial cell function via the Extracellular-Signal-Regulated Kinase/Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (ERK/MAPK) pathway. CONCLUSION: This study reveals for the first time the lipidomic complexities in exosomes derived from preterm and term milk. The results provide novel mechanistic insight on how human milk prevents the development of NEC.

7.
Technol Health Care ; 29(S1): 297-309, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) imaging combined with artificial intelligence is important in the diagnosis and prognosis of lung diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate temporal changes of quantitative CT findings in patients with COVID-19 in three clinic types, including moderate, severe, and non-survivors, and to predict severe cases in the early stage from the results. METHODS: One hundred and two patients with confirmed COVID-19 were included in this study. Based on the time interval between onset of symptoms and the CT scan, four stages were defined in this study: Stage-1 (0 ∼7 days); Stage-2 (8 ∼ 14 days); Stage-3 (15 ∼ 21days); Stage-4 (> 21 days). Eight parameters, the infection volume and percentage of the whole lung in four different Hounsfield (HU) ranges, ((-, -750), [-750, -300), [-300, 50) and [50, +)), were calculated and compared between different groups. RESULTS: The infection volume and percentage of four HU ranges peaked in Stage-2. The highest proportion of HU [-750, 50) was found in the infected regions in non-survivors among three groups. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate rapid deterioration in the first week since the onset of symptoms in non-survivors. Higher proportion of HU [-750, 50) in the lesion area might be a potential bio-marker for poor prognosis in patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , /fisiopatologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Comorbidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(4): 479-486, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646472

RESUMO

A short-rod-shaped, non-spore-forming endophytic actinobacterium, was isolated from a surface-sterilized leaf of Acrostichum aureum in Fangchenggang, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, designated strain CBS4Y-1T and examined by a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. This actinobacterium was Gram-staining-positive and aerobic. Substrate mycelia and aerial mycelia were not observed, and no diffusible pigments were observed on the media tested. Strain CBS4Y-1T grew optimally with 0-1.0% (w/v) NaCl at 30 °C, pH 7.0-8.0. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA genes showed that strain CBS4Y-1T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Nocardioides marinus CL-DD14T (96.7%) and Nocardioides terrae BX5-10T (96.7%). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenomic analysis based on core proteomes alignment revealed that strain CBS4Y-1T belonged to the genus Nocardioides and formed a distinct cluster within the genus Nocardioides. The DNA G + C content of strain CBS4Y-1T was 71.1 mol%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained LL-diaminopimelic acid and MK-8(H4) was the predominant menaquinone. Phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylinositol (PI) were detected in the polar lipid extracts. The major fatty acids were iso-C16:0, C18:1ω9c and iso-C17:0. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain CBS4Y-1T represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides acrostichi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CBS4Y-1T (= KCTC 49238T = CGMCC 4.7548T).

9.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758353

RESUMO

Sepsis is life-threatening organ dysfunction due to dysregulated systemic inflammatory and immune response to infection, often leading to cognitive impairments. Growing evidence shows that artemisinin, an antimalarial drug, possesses potent anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities. In this study we investigated whether artemisinin exerted protective effect against neurocognitive deficits associated with sepsis and explored the underlying mechanisms. Mice were injected with LPS (750 µg · kg-1 · d-1, ip, for 7 days) to establish an animal model of sepsis. Artemisinin (30 mg · kg-1 · d-1, ip) was administered starting 4 days prior LPS injection and lasting to the end of LPS injection. We showed that artemisinin administration significantly improved LPS-induced cognitive impairments assessed in Morris water maze and Y maze tests, attenuated neuronal damage and microglial activation in the hippocampus. In BV2 microglial cells treated with LPS (100 ng/mL), pre-application of artemisinin (40 µΜ) significantly reduced the production of proinflammatory cytokines (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6) and suppressed microglial migration. Furthermore, we revealed that artemisinin significantly suppressed the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and the expression of proinflammatory cytokines by activating the AMPKα1 pathway; knockdown of AMPKα1 markedly abolished the anti-inflammatory effects of artemisinin in BV2 microglial cells. In conclusion, atemisinin is a potential therapeutic agent for sepsis-associated neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment, and its effect is probably mediated by activation of the AMPKα1 signaling pathway in microglia.

10.
J BUON ; 26(1): 259-265, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721460

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To detect the expression level of HOTAIR in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and further investigate its associations with the pathological stage, computed tomography (CT) characteristics and prognosis of these patients. METHODS: The expression level of HOTAIR was assessed in normal tissues and thyroid cancer tissues of PTC patients and nodular goiter tissues of patients with nodular goiter via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Additionally, the relations of HOTAIR expression level with the clinicopathological features, CT characteristics and prognosis of PTC patients were analyzed. Finally, Western blotting was employed to detect the protein expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the normal tissues, thyroid cancer tissues and nodular goiter tissues. RESULTS: The expression level of HOTAIR was notably higher in the thyroid cancer tissues than in the normal tissues and nodular goiter tissues (p<0.05). The high expression of HOTAIR was significantly correlated with tumor size, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage and distant metastasis (p<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that factors such as tumor size, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis had statistical significance. CT imaging showed that the high expression of HOTAIR had obvious associations with tumor density, shape, strengthening residual circle and calcification (p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the 7-year survival of PTC patients with a low expression of HOTAIR was clearly better than that of those with a high HOTAIR expression. Lastly, it was found that the protein expression of VEGF was higher in the thyroid cancer tissues than that in the normal tissues and nodular goiter tissues (p<0.05). Besides, the expression of VEGF in the thyroid cancer tissues was remarkably higher in PTC patients with a high expression of HOTAIR than in those with a low HOTAIR expression (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The expression level of HOTAIR is distinctly increased in PTC tissues and has a positive correlation with the pathological stage and poor prognosis of patients. HOTAIR can serve as a diagnostic or prognostic marker for patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma.

12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6643171, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628369

RESUMO

Background: Perinatal hypoxia is a universal cause of death and neurological deficits in neonates worldwide. Activation of microglial NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) leads to oxidative stress and neuroinflammation, which may contribute to hypoxic damage in the developing brain. Dexmedetomidine has been reported to exert potent neuroprotection in several neurological diseases, but the mechanism remains unclear. We investigated whether dexmedetomidine acts through microglial NOX2 to reduce neonatal hypoxic brain damage. Methods: The potential role of microglial NOX2 in dexmedetomidine-mediated alleviation of hypoxic damage was evaluated in cultured BV2 microglia and neonatal rats subjected to hypoxia. In vivo, neonatal rats received dexmedetomidine (25 µg/kg, i.p.) 30 min before or immediately after hypoxia (5% O2, 2 h). Apocynin-mediated NOX inhibition and lentivirus-mediated NOX2 overexpression were applied to further assess the involvement of microglial NOX2 activation. Results: Pre- or posttreatment with dexmedetomidine alleviated hypoxia-induced cognitive impairment, restored damaged synapses, and increased postsynaptic density-95 and synaptophysin protein expression following neonatal hypoxia. Importantly, dexmedetomidine treatment suppressed hypoxia-induced microglial NOX2 activation and subsequent oxidative stress and the neuroinflammatory response, as reflected by reduced 4-hydroxynonenal and ROS accumulation, and decreased nuclear NF-κB p65 and proinflammatory cytokine levels in cultured BV2 microglia and the developing hippocampus. In addition, treating primary hippocampal neurons with conditioned medium (CM) from hypoxia-activated BV2 microglia resulted in neuronal damage, which was alleviated by CM from dexmedetomidine-treated microglia. Moreover, the neuroprotective effect of dexmedetomidine was reversed in NOX2-overexpressing BV2 microglia and diminished in apocynin-pretreated neonatal rats. Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine targets microglial NOX2 to reduce oxidative stress and neuroinflammation and subsequently protects against hippocampal synaptic loss following neonatal hypoxia.

13.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523143

RESUMO

AIMS: Obesity, an established risk factor of atrial fibrillation (AF), is frequently associated with enhanced inflammatory response. However, whether inflammatory signaling is causally linked to AF pathogenesis in obesity remains elusive. We recently demonstrated that the constitutive activation of the 'NACHT, LRR & PYD Domains-containing Protein 3' (NLRP3) inflammasome promotes AF susceptibility. In this study, we hypothesized that the NLRP3 inflammasome is a key driver of obesity-induced AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Western blotting was performed to determine the level of NLRP3 inflammasome activation in atrial tissues of obese patients, sheep, and diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. The increased bodyweight in patients, sheep, and mice was associated with enhanced NLRP3-inflammasome activation. To determine whether NLRP3 contributes to the obesity-induced atrial arrhythmogenesis, wildtype (WT) and NLRP3 homozygous knockout (NLRP3-/-) mice were subjected to high-fat diet (HFD) or normal chow (NC) for 10 weeks. Relative to NC-fed WT mice, HFD-fed WT mice were more susceptible to pacing-induced AF with longer AF duration. In contrast, HFD-fed NLRP3-/- mice were resistant to pacing-induced AF. Optical mapping in DIO mice revealed an arrhythmogenic substrate characterized by abbreviated refractoriness and action potential duration (APD), two key determinants of reentry-promoting electrical remodeling. Upregulation of ultra-rapid delayed-rectifier K+-channel (Kv1.5) contributed to the shortening of atrial refractoriness. Increased profibrotic signaling and fibrosis along with abnormal Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) accompanied atrial arrhythmogenesis in DIO mice. Conversely, genetic ablation of Nlrp3 (NLRP3-/-) in HFD-fed mice prevented the increases in Kv1.5 and the evolution of electrical remodeling, the upregulation of profibrotic genes, and abnormal SR Ca2+ release in DIO mice. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that the atrial NLRP3 inflammasome is a key driver of obesity-induced atrial arrhythmogenesis and establishes a mechanistic link between obesity-induced AF and NLRP3-inflammasome activation.

14.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e040797, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550236

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Severe hyperbilirubinaemia in newborns can be easily complicated by acute bilirubin encephalopathy or even kernicterus, which could lead to neurological sequelae or death. However, there is no systematic study of the management of severe hyperbilirubinaemia in China. The Neonatal Severe Hyperbilirubinemia Online Registry study aims to investigate the management of jaundice before admission, risk factors and outcomes of severe hyperbilirubinaemia in a real-world setting in China. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective, multicentre, open, observational cohort study. From May 2020 to April 2023, more than 2000 patients with neonatal severe hyperbilirubinaemia from 13 tertiary hospitals in Jiangsu Province will join the study. Demographic data and treatment information will be collected from their clinical data. Management measures for jaundice before admission will be collected by the WeChat applet (called 'Follow-up of jaundice') after being provided by the patient's guardian using a mobile phone. Follow-up data will include cranial MRI examination results, brainstem auditory-evoked potential or automatic auditory brainstem response, physical examination results and Griffiths Development Scales-Chinese at the corrected ages of 3-6 months and 1 and 2 years. Results and conclusions will be recorded using 'Follow-up of jaundice.' In-hospital outcomes, including severity of hyperbilirubinaemia (severe, extreme, hazardous), acute bilirubin encephalopathy (mild, moderate, severe) and survival status (death or survival), will be collected at discharge. Follow-up outcomes will include loss to follow-up, survival status and kernicterus (yes or no) at 2 years. The research will enhance our comprehensive knowledge of jaundice management before admission, risk factors and outcomes of severe hyperbilirubinaemia in China, which will ultimately help to reduce the incidence of neonatal severe hyperbilirubinaemia. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Our protocol has been approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital. We will present our findings at national conferences and peer-reviewed paediatrics journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04251286.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 414: 124906, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640730

RESUMO

Corncob, an agricultural bio-waste, was used as adsorbent to remove organic and inorganic contaminants in waste lubricating oil (WLO) from diesel engine. To improve its adsorption capacity, corncob was modified with mixed solution of nitric acid, Hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide and ethanol. Characterization results showed the crystallinity index of corncob enhanced 12%, which would be ascribed to the disruption of the dense lignin-carbohydrates structure in lignocellulose biomass by modification. The surface of modified corncob became smoother and porous. The adsorption results showed modified corncob had better removal rates to contaminants than raw corncob. For WLO with 80,000 km mileage, the removal rates to Fe, Al, Cu were enhanced from 19%, 6.4%, 48-27%, 27%, 53%, while that for oxide, sulphate, aromates, soot and insoluble resins were enhanced 1.7, 1.2, 3.0, 1.7 and 1.7 times. The reduction rate of total acid number to WLO with 40,000, 60,000, 80,000 km were enhanced 16%, 9%, 12% by modified corncob, respectively. The optimal adsorption condition was explored as adsorbing 60 min at 90 °C with 2% adsorbent. Corncob, with the advantages of low cost, good biodegradability and high adsorption capacity, could be used as alternative to conventional adsorbent for WLO.

16.
Gene ; 777: 145461, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515723

RESUMO

ADP-ribosylation modification considered as a model to study histone post-translational modification in chromatin modification. Despite it was reported in many plants, the study of ARFs gene family in longan was still unclear. In this study, 14 longan ARFs genes were identified using the longan genome (the third-generation genome) and further divided into two major groups, including the DlARF in the I-II group and the ARF-like (DlARL) in the III-V group, according to their structure and evolutionary characteristics. Whole-genome duplication (WGD) and segmental duplication events played a major role in the expansion of the DlARFs gene family, the synteny and phylogenetic analyses provided a deeper insight into the evolutionary characteristics of the DlARFs. Protein-protein interactions suggested that some DlARFs proteins may interact to participate in biological processes. Promoter analysis showed more stress response elements in DlARF5, DlGB1, DlARL1, DlARL2, and DlARL8a, suggesting that they may participate in abiotic stress. Expression profiles of DlARFs by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) showed that they were abundant accumulation during early somatic embryogenesis (SE). Expression pattern analysis of RNA-seq and qRT-PCR revealed that some ARFs members regulated early SE, and respond to exogenous hormones and abiotic stress such as abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin A3 (GA3), salicylic acid (SA), methyl jasmonate (MeJA), cold, and heat. Our study provides new insights for further research on the potential function of DlARFs, which may be useful for the improvement of longan.


Assuntos
Fatores de Ribosilação do ADP/genética , Sapindaceae/genética , Fatores de Ribosilação do ADP/metabolismo , Calo Ósseo/embriologia , Calo Ósseo/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Evolução Molecular , Expressão Gênica/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Genoma de Planta/genética , Família Multigênica , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , RNA-Seq/métodos , Sapindaceae/embriologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Transcriptoma/genética
17.
J Plant Physiol ; 258-259: 153364, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465637

RESUMO

DEAD-box (DDX) proteins belong to the largest subfamily of RNA helicase SF2, which contributes to all biological processes of RNA metabolism in the plant kingdom. Till now, no significant data are available regarding studies on DDX in Somatic Embryogenesis (SE) of woody plants. It is important to investigate the biological function of the DlDDX family in longan SE. Thus, a comprehensive analysis of 58 longan DEAD-box (DlDDX) genes characterization was performed by genome-wide identification and transcript abundance validation analysis. Homologous evolution has revealed that some DlDDXs in longan had high sequence similarity with Mus musculus, Citrus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, indicating that DlDDXs were highly conservative in the animal, plant, and microorganism. Remarkably, gene duplication, purifying selection, and alternative splicing events, and new auxiliary domains have likely contributed to the functional evolution of DlDDX, indicating that DlDDX appeared neofunctionalization in longan. Besides, DlDDX3, 15, 28, 36 might interact with protein complex (MAC3A, MAC3B, CDC5, CBP20) of miRNA biosynthesis. Notably, DlDDX28 contained a novel auxiliary domain (CAF-1 p150), which might contribute to DNA demethylation in longan early SE. 4 DlDDX genes significantly expressed not only in early SE and zygotic embryogenesis (ZE) but also up-regulated at high levels in 'Honghezi' and 'Quanlongbaihe' with abortive seeds, which are of great significance. Moreover, some DlDDXs presented abiotic stress-response dynamic expression patterns by ABA, SA, JA, and NaCl treatments during early SE. Hence, DEAD-box is essential to SE development and seed abortive in longan.

18.
Pflugers Arch ; 473(3): 389-405, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511453

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent arrhythmia in adults. The prevalence and incidence of AF is going to increase substantially over the next few decades. Because AF increases the risk of stroke, heart failure, dementia, and others, it severely impacts the quality of life, morbidity, and mortality. Although the pathogenesis of AF is multifaceted and complex, focal ectopic activity and reentry are considered as the fundamental proarrhythmic mechanisms underlying AF development. Over the past 2 decades, large amount of evidence points to the key role of intracellular Ca2+ dysregulation in both initiation and maintenance of AF. More recently, emerging evidence reveal that NLRP3 (NACHT, LRR, PYD domain-containing 3) inflammasome pathway contributes to the substrate of both triggered activity and reentry, ultimately promoting AF. In this article, we review the current state of knowledge on Ca2+ signaling and NLRP3 inflammasome activity in AF. We also discuss the potential crosstalk between these two quintessential contributors to AF promotion.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443520

RESUMO

Lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs) have demonstrated great potential in luminescence sensing and optical anti-counterfeiting. High-security anti-counterfeiting technology is of great importance and requires the development of universal luminescent materials with multiple modes of emission and adjustable photoluminescence. Herein, a 3D red light emission microporous europium(iii) metal-organic framework [Eu3(OH)(1,3-db)2(H2O)4]·3H2O (1) (1,3-db = 1,3-di(3',5'-dicarboxylpheny) benzene) was constructed from a zigzag [Eu3(COO)8] chain and π-electron-rich terphenyl-tetracarboxylate. Notably, the quenched fluorescence of 1 under hydrogen chloride vapor could be recovered upon fuming by a vapor of Et3N. Most strikingly, the strong blue light emission by nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon dots (N,S-CDs) could be encapsulated in 1 to generate a dual-emission composite, namely, N,S-CDs@Eu-MOF, which shows solvent-dependent photoluminescence: N,S-CD-related blue luminescence in water and Eu-MOF-related red emission in organic solvents. Taking advantage of the above unique reversible fluorescent behavior, Eu-MOF and N,S-CDs@Eu-MOF are prepared as fluorescent high-security inks to achieve data encryption and decryption on specific flower patterns.

20.
Hypertension ; 77(3): 868-881, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486984

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies have identified that NPR-C (natriuretic peptide receptor-C) variants are associated with elevation of blood pressure. However, the mechanism underlying the relationship between NPR-C and blood pressure regulation remains elusive. Here, we investigate whether NPR-C regulates Ang II (angiotensin II)-induced hypertension through sodium transporters activity. Wild-type mice responded to continuous Ang II infusion with an increased renal NPR-C expression. Global NPR-C deficiency attenuated Ang II-induced increased blood pressure both in male and female mice associated with more diuretic and natriuretic responses to a saline challenge. Interestingly, Ang II increased both total and phosphorylation of NCC (NaCl cotransporter) abundance involving in activation of WNK4 (with-no-lysine kinase 4)/SPAK (Ste20-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) which was blunted by NPR-C deletion. NCC inhibitor, hydrochlorothiazide, failed to induce natriuresis in NPR-C knockout mice. Moreover, low-salt and high-salt diets-induced changes of total and phosphorylation of NCC expression were normalized by NPR-C deletion. Importantly, tubule-specific deletion of NPR-C also attenuated Ang II-induced elevated blood pressure, total and phosphorylation of NCC expression. Mechanistically, in distal convoluted tubule cells, Ang II dose and time-dependently upregulated WNK4/SPAK/NCC kinase pathway and NPR-C/Gi/PLC/PKC signaling pathway mediated NCC activation. These results demonstrate that NPR-C signaling regulates NCC function contributing to sodium retention-mediated elevated blood pressure, which suggests that NPR-C is a promising candidate for the treatment of sodium retention-related hypertension.

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