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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 111: 104871, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839581

RESUMO

Nine previously undescribed butyrolactone and sesquiterpene derivatives, named cyclopentanone A (1), subamolides F and G (2 and 3), secosubamolide F (4), rupestonic acids J - L (5-7), linderaguaianols A and B (8 and 9), together with six known ones 10-15 were isolated from the roots of Lindera glauca. Their structures, including their absolute configurations were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis, quantum chemical calculations, and Mo2(AcO)4-induced circular dichroism. Compound 1 that possessed a unique five-membered cyclopentane skeleton with a side chain was rarely found from natural sources. The biogenetic pathway for 1-4 was postulated. Secosubamolide F (4) inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 cells with IC50 value of 1.73 ± 0.18 µM and also significantly suppressed the production of iNOS. The binding interactions between 4 and iNOS were investigated using docking analyses.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 111: 104880, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839585

RESUMO

There remains a critical need for more effective therapies for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), which is the leading cause of death in patients with prostate cancer. In this study, a series of sanjuanolide derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as potential anti-CRPC agents. Most of the compounds had excellent selectivity for CRPC cells with IC50 values < 20 µM. Moreover, minimal side effects on human normal hepatic MIHA cells and normal prostatic stromal myofibroblast WPMY-1 cells were observed, with IC50 > 100 µM. The representative compound S07 slowed down the proliferative rate of CRPC cells, promoted cell apoptosis and caused G2/M phase accumulation, as well as G1/G0 phase reduction. Further mechanistic studies showed that S07 treatment triggered intense DNA damage and provoked strong DNA damage response in a dose-dependent manner. These findings suggested that sanjuanolide derivatives, especially S07, selectively induced CRPC cell death by triggering intense DNA damage and DNA damage response.

3.
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol ; : 101697, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients are at a high risk of developing venous thromboembolism, with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The role of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in procoagulant activity (PCA) in patients with NASH remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the formation of NETs in NASH patients stimulated by specific pro-inflammatory factors. Moreover, we evaluated the pivotal role of NETs in the induction of hypercoagulability in NASH and the interaction between NETs and endothelial injury. METHOD: The levels of the NETs biomarkers were evaluated in the plasma samples of 27 NASH patients and 18 healthy subjects. The formation of NETs was visualized using immunofluorescence microscopy. The PCA of the NETs was assessed using coagulation time, purified coagulation complex, and fibrin formation assays. Confocal microscopy was further used to evaluate the interactions between the NETs and HUVECs. RESULTS: The levels of NETs markers in the plasma of NASH patients were significantly higher than healthy controls. NETs derived from NASH enhanced thrombin and fibrin formation and significantly reduced CT (p<0.05). The mixture of IL-6 and TNF-α triggered the NETs release in the plasma rather than them alone. Additionally, the NETs exerted cytotoxic effects on the endothelial cells, converting them to a procoagulant and pro-inflammatory phenotype, and DNase I could reverse these effects. CONCLUSION: Our results revealed the primary role of NETs in promoting the hypercoagulable state in NASH patients. Methods that prevent the formation of NETs may be a novel approach for the prevention and treatment of NASH.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e24759, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725831

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The forkhead box (FOX) family is a large and diverse group of transcription factors. Forkhead box J2 (FOXJ2) is a member of the FOX family that is aberrantly expressed in a variety of cancers. However, its role in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains elusive. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of FOXJ2 expression in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.The current study retrospectively included 151 patients with EOC from January 2013 to September 2016. FOXJ2 expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry based on tissue microarrays. Then, the prognostic value of FOXJ2 expression and clinical outcomes were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier and cox regression analysis.Low FOXJ2 expression was associated with high International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that high FOXJ2 expression was associated with improved median overall survival (OS, 57.9 vs 31.9 months; P = .037) and longer median progression-free survival (PFS, 31.8 vs 18.1 months; P = .012). Univariate analysis demonstrated that FOXJ2 expression was significantly correlated with OS and PFS in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Multivariate analysis revealed FOXJ2 expression as an independent prognostic factor of progression-free survival of epithelial ovarian cancer patients.Low FOXJ2 expression is a novel adverse prognostic factor of clinical outcome in epithelial ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/cirurgia , Regulação para Baixo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Biomacromolecules ; 22(3): 1297-1304, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577294

RESUMO

Noncovalent cross-linked hydrogels with promising mechanical properties are on demand for applications in tissue engineering, flexible electronics, and actuators. However, integrating excellent mechanical properties with facile preparation for the design of hydrogen bond cross-linked hydrogels is still challenging. In this work, an advanced hydrogel was prepared from acrylamide and N-acryloyl phenylalanine by one-pot free-radical copolymerization. Owing to hydrophobicity-assisted multiple hydrogen bonding interactions among phenylalanine derivatives, the hydrogels exhibited fascinating mechanical behaviors: tensile strength of 0.35 MPa, elongation at break of 2100%, tearing energy of 1134 J/m2, and compression strength of 3.56 MPa. The hydrogels also showed robust elasticity and fatigue resistance, and the compression strength did not show any decline, even after 100 successive cycles, as well as promising self-recovery property. In addition, the cytotoxicity test in vitro proved that the hydrogel showed good biocompatibility with normal human liver cells (LO2 cells). The excellent stretchability, robust elasticity, high toughness, fatigue resistance, and biocompatibility of the hydrogel demonstrated its vast potential in the biomedical field and flexible electronic devices.

6.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 160: 315-328, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545609

RESUMO

Soil salinity is among the crucial factors that impact on crop productivity, including oat (Avena sativa L.). Herein, we used two distinct oat cultivars with varied salt tolerance levels to unravel adaptive responses to salt stress by metabolomic and transcriptomic characterization. Metabolomic profiling revealed 201 metabolites, including saccharides, amino acids, organic acids, and secondary metabolites. The levels of most saccharides and amino acids were elevated in Baiyan 2 (BY2) as well as in Baiyan 5 (BY5) exposed to salt stress. In the tolerant cultivar BY2 exposed to 150 mM NaCl, concentrations of most of the metabolites increased significantly, with sucrose increased by 38.34-fold, Sophorose increased by 314.15-fold and Isomaltose 2 increased by 25.76-fold. In the sensitive cultivar BY5, the concentrations of most metabolites increased after the plant was exposed to 150 mM NaCl but decreased after the plant was exposed to 300 mM NaCl. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that gene expressions in BY5 were significantly affected under exposure to 300 mM NaCl (34040 genes up-regulated and 14757 genes down-regulated). Assessment of metabolic pathways as well as KEGG enrichment revealed that salt stress interferes with the biosynthesis of two oat cultivars, including capacity expenditure and sugar metabolism. Most of the BY2 genes enhanced energy consumption (for example, glycolysis) and biosynthesis (for instance, starch and sugar metabolism) under salt stress. In contrast, genes in BY5 were found to be down-regulated, leading to the inhibition of energy consumption and biosynthesis, which may also be attributed to salt sensitivity in BY5. In addition, the modified Na+/K+ transporter genes expression is associated with the predominant ionic responses in BY2, which leads low concentration of Na+ and high K+ when exposed to high salt situations. These findings suggest that the varied defensive capacities of these two oat cultivars in response to salt stress are due to their variations in energy-expenditure strategy, synthesis of energy substances and ion transport in roots. Our present study offers a crucial reference for oat cultivation under saline soil.


Assuntos
Avena , Metaboloma , Tolerância ao Sal , Transcriptoma , Avena/genética , Avena/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Salinidade
7.
Chemosphere ; 274: 129779, 2021 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540317

RESUMO

The degradation potential of microplastics remains a critical issue for researching marine litter, and it is one of the most important factors that can be used for calculating the persistence time of microplastics in certain conditions. However, there are lack of standard or approved methods for estimating the ageing stage of environmental microplastics. In this study, the potential of spectral-image fusion strategy was investigated to analyze the degradation degree of polyethylene microplastics in natural exposure of coastline. The proposed spectral-image fusion linear model showed a significant ability to classify the degradation degree of environmental microplastics samples with the best accuracy of 97.1% as compared to two single-sensing information-based linear models (with one spectral wavelength of the carbonyl index at 1720 cm-1 or three-channel components from LAB color-space). This is the first attempt to qualitatively measure the degradation degree of the naturally exposed microplastics based on spectral-image fusion model. The proposed fusion model based strategy is an effective tool for predicting the degradation degree of the field exposed microplastics.

8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 214: 113203, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530028

RESUMO

A novel series of novel N-substituted (indole or indazole) benzamides were synthesized, and their anti-tumor properties were evaluated. The majority of tested compounds possessed moderate cytotoxicity, but inspiringly, we verified that active compound 5d presents an astonishing advantage by inhibiting the adhesion, migration, and invasion of osteosarcoma (OS) cells in vitro. Mechanistically, we confirmed 5d inhibited the migration ability of OS cells via the expression of genes related to adhesion, migration, and invasion. This effects of 5d suggest that it can be used as a potential chemotherapeutic drug to some aggressive and/or metastatic cancers, as well as in combination with other clinical anti-cancer drugs. In turn, this could enhance the therapeutic effect or reduce the risk of cell migration.

9.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 47(1): 320-328, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393183

RESUMO

AIM: Maternal complications caused by the cesarean delivery inhibit the capability of preserving the uterus and subsequent fertility. However, successful restoration of the incisional scar continuously still remains a challenge. This work was to evaluate the repairing effect of Human Wharton's Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hWJ-MSC) on incisional scar of the uterine. METHODS: Eighteen rats were randomly assigned into two groups and nine for each: one group injected with hWJ-MSC in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) and the other injected with PBS for comparison. RESULTS: With hWJ-MSC in PBS injected, the uterine endometrium and myometrium with full-thickness injury were restored and the functionality was greatly improved in comparison with the group only with PBS injected. CONCLUSION: The hWJ-MSC can repair the injured uterine effectively by promoting the uterine endometrium and myometrium cells proliferation and according to the chi-square analysis the pregnancy is improved.

10.
Microb Cell Fact ; 20(1): 8, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pichia pastoris (Komagataella phaffii) is an important platform for heterologous protein production due to its growth to high cell density and outstanding secretory capabilities. Recent developments in synthetic biology have extended the toolbox for genetic engineering of P. pastoris to improve production strains. Yet, overloading the folding and secretion capacity of the cell by over-expression of recombinant proteins is still an issue and rational design of strains is critical to achieve cost-effective industrial manufacture. Several enzymes are commercially produced in P. pastoris, with phytases being one of the biggest on the global market. Phytases are ubiquitously used as a dietary supplement for swine and poultry to increase digestibility of phytic acid, the main form of phosphorous storage in grains. RESULTS: Potential bottlenecks for expression of E. coli AppA phytase in P. pastoris were explored by applying bidirectional promoters (BDPs) to express AppA together with folding chaperones, disulfide bond isomerases, trafficking proteins and a cytosolic redox metabolism protein. Additionally, transcriptional studies were used to provide insights into the expression profile of BDPs. A flavoprotein encoded by ERV2 that has not been characterised in P. pastoris was used to improve the expression of the phytase, indicating its role as an alternative pathway to ERO1. Subsequent AppA production increased by 2.90-fold compared to the expression from the state of the AOX1 promoter. DISCUSSION: The microbial production of important industrial enzymes in recombinant systems can be improved by applying newly available molecular tools. Overall, the work presented here on the optimisation of phytase production in P. pastoris contributes to the improved understanding of recombinant protein folding and secretion in this important yeast microbial production host.

11.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ACEI/ARB), ß-blockers (BB) and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) are known as guideline-directed medical therapy to improve prognosis. However, low blood pressure (BP) and renal dysfunction are often challenges prevent clinical implementation, so we investigated the association of different combinations of GDMT treatments with all-cause mortality in HFrEF population with low BP and renal dysfunction. METHODS: This study initially included 51, 060 HF patients from the Swedish Heart Failure Registry, and finally 1464 HFrEF patients with low BP (systolic BP ≦ 100 mmHg) and renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≦ 60 ml/min/1.73m2) were ultimately enrolled. Patients were receiving oral medication for HF at study enrollment, and divided into four groups (group 1-4: ACEI/ARB + BB + MRA, ACEI/ARB + BB, ACEI/ARB + MRA or ACEI/ARB only, and other). The outcome is time to all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Among the study patients, 485 (33.1%), 672 (45.9%), 109 (7.4%) and 198 (13.5%) patients were in group 1-4. Patients in group 1 were younger, had highest hemoglobin, and most with EF < 30%. During a median of 1.33 years follow-up, 937 (64%) patients died. After adjustment for age, gender, LVEF, eGFR, hemoglobin when compared with the group 1, the hazard ratio for all-cause mortality in group 2 was 1.04 (0.89-1.21) (p = 0.62), group 3 1.40 (1.09-1.79) (p = 0.009), and group 4 1.71 (1.39-2.09) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In real-world HFrEF patients with low BP and renal dysfunction, full medication of guideline-directed medical therapy is associated with improved survival. The benefit was larger close to the index date and decreased with follow-up time.

12.
Food Res Int ; 139: 109954, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509506

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main pathogens contributing to foodborne outbreaks, owing in part to its ability to form biofilms on food-contact surfaces. Cells that can detach from mature biofilms are a source for microbial cross-contamination in liquid food systems. The study was to evaluate and compare the resistance of detached-cells of biofilm formed by S. aureus and planktonic cells to Ultra High Pressure Homogenization (UHPH), a non-thermal technology applied in food processing. The results showed that the survival of both detached-cells and planktonic cells was dependent upon the applied pressure ranging from 30,000 PSI to 40,000 PSI, and cycle numbers with 1 and 3. A significant difference in UHPH resistance was observed at pressures of 35,000 PSI to 40,000 PSI whereby planktonic cell numbers were reduced about 2.0 log CFU/mL compared to a 0.5 log CFU/mL reduction of detached-cells. Cell resistance was further evaluated following UHPH by measuring membrane integrity and potential, as well as observing the cells using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM images revealed more scattered exopolysaccharides in the biofilm after UHPH treatment compared to the control. Additionally, UHPH treatment resulted in planktonic cells having a greater shift to smaller cell size and a wider cell size distribution compared with detached-cells; this indicated a higher resistance of detached-cells to UHPH. This finding suggests that although UHPH has great potential application in food sterilization, the resistance of detached-cells cannot be ignored.

13.
Int J Mol Med ; 47(3): 1, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448315

RESUMO

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID­19) pandemic, some patients with severe COVID­19 exhibited complications such as acute ischemic stroke (AIS), which was closely associated with a poor prognosis. These patients often had an abnormal coagulation, namely, elevated levels of D­dimer and fibrinogen, and a low platelet count. Certain studies have suggested that COVID­19 induces AIS by promoting hypercoagulability. Nevertheless, the exact mechanisms through which COVID­19 leads to a hypercoagulable state in infected patients remain unclear. Understanding the underlying mechanisms of hypercoagulability is of utmost importance for the effective treatment of these patients. The present review aims to summarize the current status of research on COVID­19, hypercoagulability and ischemic stroke. The present review also aimed to shed light into the underlying mechanisms through which COVID­19 induces hypercoagulability, and to provide therapies for different mechanisms for the more effective treatment of patients with COVID­19 with ischemic stroke and prevent AIS during the COVID­19 pandemic.


Assuntos
/fisiopatologia , Trombofilia/etiologia , /complicações , Humanos , /prevenção & controle
14.
Angiogenesis ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484377

RESUMO

Lymphatic remodelling in the hypoxic tumour microenvironment (TME) is critically involved in the metastasis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC); however, its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we uncovered a novel lymphatic pattern in the hypoxic TME, wherein lymphatic vessels (LVs) are encapsulated by tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) to form an interconnected network. We describe these aggregates as LVEM (LVs encapsulated by TAMs) considering their advantageous metastatic capacity and active involvement in early lymph node metastasis (LNM). Mechanistic investigations revealed that interleukin-10 (IL-10) derived from hypoxic TAMs adjacent to LVs was a prerequisite for lymphangiogenesis and LVEM formation through its induction of Sp1 upregulation in lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs). Interestingly, Sp1high LECs promoted the transactivation of C-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CCL1) to facilitate TAM and tumour cell recruitment, thereby forming a positive feedback loop to strengthen the LVEM formation. Knockdown of Sp1 or blockage of CCL1 abrogated LVEM and consequently attenuated LNM. Notably, CSCCnon-LNM is largely devoid of hypoxic TAMs and the resultant LVEM, which might explain its metastatic delay. These findings identify a novel and efficient metastasis-promoting lymphatic pattern in the hypoxic TME, which might provide new targets for anti-metastasis therapy and prognostic assessment.

15.
Mol Ther ; 29(4): 1512-1528, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388421

RESUMO

Cancer-associated lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) are an active barrier to the effector arm of the anti-tumor immune response; however, it remains unclear how LECs become immunosuppressive in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been implicated in intercellular crosstalk within the TME. Here, we report a mechanistic model via which cervical cancer-secreted, exosome-encapsulated microRNA (miR)-1468-5p promotes lymphatic PD-L1 upregulation and lymphangiogenesis to impair T cell immunity. Subsequently, exosomal miR-1468-5p epigenetically activates the JAK2/STAT3 pathway in LECs by directly targeting homeobox containing 1 (HMBOX1) in the SOCS1 promoter, activating an immunosuppressive program that allows cancer cells to escape anti-cancer immunity. Furthermore, clinical data reveal that high serum exosomal miR-1468-5p levels correlate with TME immunosuppressive status and poor prognosis in cervical cancer (CCa) patients. Taken together, our results suggest that cancer-secreted exosomal miR-1468-5p instructs LECs to form an integrated immunosuppressive TME component and may be a prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for CCa.

16.
Adv Mater ; 33(7): e2003523, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354783

RESUMO

The transfection efficiency of siRNA mediated by cationic polymers is limited due to the instability of polymers/siRNA complexes in the presence of serum. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is usually applied to modify cationic polymers, so as to reduce protein and cell adsorption and then to improve siRNA transfection efficiency. However, the polymers' modification with PEG mostly consumes the free amino of the polymers, which can, in turn, reduce the charge density and limit their siRNA transfection efficacy. Here, a new PEG modification strategy that need not consume the surface aminos of polymers is proposed. Catechol-PEG polymers are coated on the surface of phenylboronic acid (PBA)-modified Generation 5 (G5) poly(amidoamine) dendrimers (G5PBA) via reversible boronate esters to establish PEG-modified dendrimer/siRNA nanoassemblies for efficient siRNA delivery. The PEG/G5PBA/siRNA nanoassemblies have positive charge and show excellent gene silencing efficacy in the absence of serum in vitro. More importantly, the PEG/G5PBA/siRNA nanoassemblies also exhibit excellent serum resistance and gene silencing efficacy in serum-containing medium. Furthermore, the effective antiserum and gene silencing efficacy elicited by these nanoassemblies lead to excellent antitumor effects in vivo. This proposed strategy constitutes an important approach to reach an excellent gene silencing efficacy in the presence of serum.

17.
Dent Mater ; 37(2): 272-283, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: High phosphate content was found to significantly increase apatite formation of bioactive glasses (BGs) in vitro. However, there is very limited understanding of the effect of phosphate contents on osteogenesis which is important for clinical applications. The aims of this study were to investigate how phosphate content influences apatite formation ability of bioactive glasses in α-MEM culture medium and whether high phosphate content in bioactive glasses promotes osteogenesis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Four phosphate containing bioactive glasses were synthesized via a melt-quench method and characterized using X-ray powder Diffraction (XRD), TGA-DSC and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR). The apatite formation ability in α-MEM culture medium and the in vitro and in vivo osteogenic potential of these bioactive glass were explored. RESULTS: FTIR spectra confirmed faster apatite formation with an increase in phosphate content. The culture media containing ions released from the BGs showed enhanced cell viability and alkaline phosphatase activity of osteoblasts. Osteoblasts cultured with extracted BGs culture media generally showed increased proliferation, mineralized nodule formation, osteogenic and angiogenic genes expression with an increase in phosphate content in the glass compositions. An in vivo study demonstrated a larger amount of new bone formation in the calvarial defects implanted with high phosphate containing BG granules compared with that of BG without the presence of phosphate at 8 weeks post-surgery. SIGNIFICANT: The presence of higher phosphate content accelerates apatite formation and promotes osteogenesis, indicating that both apatite formation and osteogenesis of bioactive glasses can be tailored by varying phosphate content for specific clinical needs and personalized treatments.

18.
Food Chem ; 338: 127797, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950864

RESUMO

As a nutritious and popular seafood among consumers, Sargassum fusiforme is susceptible to the toxic heavy metals because of its strong adsorption properties. In this study, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) coupled with a simple framework (only remove some noise and low-intensity variables, and then combine with PLS algorithm) was used to establish the detection models to simultaneously and quantitatively analyze the content of heavy metals arsenic (As), chromium (Cd), cadmium (Cr), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) in Sargassum fusiforme. As comparisons, three classic variable methods of successive projections algorithm (SPA), uninformative variable elimination (UVE) and variable importance in projection (VIP) were adopted. The final results showed that six of seven heavy metal models from the TV-PLSR model were optimal. These results demonstrate that the TV-PLSR framework combined with LIBS technique is an effective framework for quantitatively analyzing the heavy metals in Sargassum fusiforme.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Lasers , Metais Pesados/análise , Sargassum/química , Análise Espectral , Metais Pesados/química
19.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283432

RESUMO

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a vector-borne vaccine preventable infectious disease for which vaccine provides direct protection. China introduced nationwide JE vaccination of young children in 2007, rapidly achieving high coverage. In 2018, 1,800 JE cases were reported in China, with morbidity and mortality rates of 0.13/100,000 and 0.0097/100,000. Nationally, 64% of cases were among adults aged 40 years or older, and in northern China, 82% were among adults, mainly in outbreaks. Severity varied little by age grouping. Compared with the previous 10 years, the proportion and absolute number of cases among adults increased, indicating possible emergence of adult JE in China as childhood JE decreased. We describe JE epidemiology and clinical features nationally and in areas with low endemicity after more than 10 years of routine childhood JE vaccination. Determining population JE seroprevalence should be a priority; vaccination campaigns among adults in high risk areas should be considered.

20.
Front Oncol ; 10: 598048, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194764

RESUMO

Background and Aims: In recent years, the best treatment method for pancreatic cancer in elderly patients has remained controversial. Surgery is the main treatment modality for pancreatic cancer. This study aimed to determine whether elderly patients with pancreatic cancer can gain survival advantages through more active and radical surgical treatment and evaluate the best treatment method and potential prognostic factors. Methods: From the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (SEER) database, 10,557 elderly patients (aged ≥65 years) with pancreatic cancer were included as Cohort 1, and Propensity Score Matching (PSM) evaluation was performed to generate Cohort 2 (424 pairs). Overall Survival (OS) and Cause-Specific Survival (CSS) were determined using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and differences were assessed using the Log-rank test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis and the forest plot of hazard ratio (HR) was made to assess the association between potential prognostic factors, including surgery and different surgical methods, and survival in elderly patients. Results: We identified 10,557 eligible patients with pancreatic cancer, who formed Cohort 1. The total OS and CSS in the surgery group were significantly higher than those in the non-surgery group (P < 0.001). Age, stage (AJCC 8th), grade, lymph node metastasis, radiation, chemotherapy, and surgical methods were independent factors affecting the prognosis of elderly patients. In Cohort 2, Total pancreatectomy (Total PT) had the lowest risk ratio (HR = 0.31, P < 0.001) and longest median CSS (18.000 months), while Extension Total pancreatectomy (Ex-Total PT, HR = 0.34, P < 0.001) showed the lower median CSS (17.000 months) and median OS (14.000 months). Partial pancreatectomy (Partial PT, HR = 0.46, P < 0.001) showed the lowest median CSS (13.000 months) and median OS (12.000 months), although they were still higher than the median CSS (6.000 months) and median OS (5.000 months) in the non-surgery group. Conclusions: Based on the SEER database, surgical treatment is an independent prognostic factor in elderly patients with pancreatic cancer. Compared with other surgical methods, Total PT can offer elderly patients the best survival advantages. However, Ex-Total PT, a more radical method, does not seem to be the best treatment option for the survival and benefit of elderly patients.

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