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1.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-10, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628285

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative hemorrhage during the acute phase is rarely observed after revascularization surgery for moyamoya disease (MMD) but can have severe complications. Its risk factors and outcomes are still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of postoperative hemorrhage during the acute phase in MMD and examine the outcomes of the hemorrhage. METHODS: The authors reviewed the preoperative clinical characteristics and radiographic features of 465 consecutive MMD cases (518 procedures) that had undergone direct or combined bypass surgery at their institution between 2009 and 2015. Patients with postoperative intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) or ICH plus intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) during the acute phase were screened, and then the incidence, location, and risk factors of hemorrhage in these patients were analyzed. Short-term and long-term outcomes (modified Rankin Scale scores) for these patients were also collected. Outcomes were compared between patients with and those without postoperative ICH using propensity score analysis to reduce the between-group differences in baseline characteristics. RESULTS: Postoperative hemorrhage occurred in 11 (2.1%; ICH = 9, IVH = 2) of 518 procedures (mean patient age 39.82 ± 8.8 years). Hemorrhage occurred in the first 24 hours after the operation in 8 cases (72.7%). In the ICH group, most of the hemorrhage sites (77.8%) were located beneath the anastomosed area, and the mean hematoma volume was 16.98 ± 22.45 ml (range 3-57 ml). One case from the ICH group required hematoma evacuation. Among the adult patients (463 procedures [89.4%]), preoperative hypertension (p = 0.008), CT perfusion (CTP) stage > III (p = 0.013), and posterior circulation involvement (p = 0.022) were significantly associated with postoperative ICH. No significant differences between the postoperative ICH group and the no-hemorrhage group were detected in terms of postoperative neurofunctional status at discharge (p = 0.569) or at the last follow-up (p = 1.000). Neither was there a significant difference in future stroke risk (p = 0.538) between these two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative hypertension, CTP stage > III, and posterior circulation involvement are independent risk factors for postoperative ICH after direct or combined revascularization for MMD. After appropriate perioperative management, postoperative ICH has no significant correlations with the postoperative short-term and long-term neurofunctional status.

2.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 186: 105505, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Transient neurological events (TNEs) are frequently observed after revascularization surgery for moyamoya disease (MMD). However, clinical features and pathophysiology of TNEs in MMD are still unclear. This study was aimed to clarify the incidence and time course of TNEs and to determine the independent predictors of TNEs in MMD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 195 hemispheres in 171 consecutive patients with MMD who had undergone combined direct and indirect bypass surgery were analyzed. Preoperative clinical characteristics and radiographic features were recorded. The incidence and clinical feature of postoperative TNEs were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for postoperative TNEs. Outcomes were compared between patients who had TNEs with those without TNEs at the time of discharge. RESULTS: Postoperative TNEs were detected in 40 (20.5%) of 195 operated hemispheres, including 17 (42.5%) aphasia, 9 numbness of the extremities (22.5%), 6 seizures (15%), 5 motor weakness (12.5%), 4 dysarthria (10%) and 6 others (15%). The incidence of TNEs was significantly higher in adult patients than in pediatric ones. Multivariate analysis revealed that female, left-sided surgery and the presence of the edematous lesion was an independent predictor of TNEs after surgery in MMD (OR, 3.0; 95% CI, 1.1-8.2; P = 0.03, OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.2-7.0; P = 0.02 and OR, 17.4; 95% CI, 5.7-53.0; P < 0.01, respectively). DSA stage (OR 0.05, 95% CI 0.0-0.5, p = 0.005; OR 0.08, 95% CI 0.0-0.4, p = 0.008), PCA involvement (OR 2.75, 95% CI 1.0-7.4, p = 0.046), left-sided surgery (OR 2.73, 95% CI 1.2-6.5, p = 0.022) and edematous lesion (OR 21.2, 95% CI 7.6-59.7, <0.001) were significantly associated with TNE severity. Compared with patients without postoperative TNEs, no significant differences in mRS score between the two groups were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Female, left-sided surgery and edematous lesion were independent risk factors for postoperative TNEs; the left-sided surgery and edematous lesion were also independently associated with the severity of TNE. Although patients with postoperative TNEs had worse neurological status during the perioperative period, postoperative TNEs had no associations with worse mRS score at the time of discharge.

3.
Metabolites ; 9(9)2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487917

RESUMO

The authors wish to make the following corrections to this paper [...].

4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(9): 653-8, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electroacupuncture(EA)on the expression of muscle-specific ring finger protein 1(MuRF1/Trim63),F-box only protein 32(Fbxo32),myosin heavy chain-IIa(Myh2),myosin heavy chain-IIb(Myh4)and myosin heavy chain-I(Myh7)in diabetes rats. METHODS: Thirty-six male Wistar rats were equally randomized into control, model and EA groups. The diabetes model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 0.1% Streptozocin (STZ) solution (50 mg/kg). After that, EA (2 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST36), "Yinlingquan" (SP9) and "Shenshu" (BL23) for 10 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 2 weeks. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) and fasting serum insulin (FINS) contents were assayed by using ELISA, and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated. The body weight, and wet weight of bilateral gastrocnemius muscles were measured. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the gastrocnemius muscle was measured after H.E. stai-ning. The expression of MuRF1, Fbxo32, Myh2, Myh4 and Myh7 mRNAs in the gastrocnemius tissue was tested using quantitative real time-PCR. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the FBG and HOMA-IR were significantly higher (P<0.05), and the FINS, body weight were significantly lower (P<0.05) after intravenous injection of STZ for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 weeks respectively. Following EA treatment and compared with the model group, the FBG and HOMA-IR were significantly down-regulated (P<0.05), and the FINS and body weight were considerably increased (P<0.05). Following modeling and compared with the control group, the wet weight of gastrocnemius muscle, CSA, and expression levels of Myh2, Myh4 and Myh7 mRNAs were obviously decreased, and the expression of MuRF1 and Fbxo32 mRNA was obviously increased in the model group (P<0.05). After EA treatment, the gastrocnemius muscle wet weight, CSA, expression levels of Myh2, Myh4 and Myh7 mRNA were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05), and the expression levels of MuRF1 and Fbxo32 mRNA were markedly down-regulated in comparison with those of the model group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA treatment can delay the atrophy of gastrocnemius muscle (skeletal muscle) in diabetes rats possibly by improving the degradation of myosin heavy chain via regulating the expression of muscular MuRF1, Fbxo32, Myh2, Myh4 and Myh7 mRNAs.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar
5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 224: 115155, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472825

RESUMO

Plant-parasitic nematodes cause substantial crop losses annually; however, current nematicides are environmentally unfriendly and highly toxic to nontarget organisms. The development of green efficient nematicides from multifunctional natural bioactive substances such as chitin oligosaccharide (COS) is promising. In this paper, COS dithiocarbamate derivatives (COSDTC, COSDTA, COSDTB) were synthesized to increase nematicidal activity (against Meloidogyne incognita), and their structures were characterized by FTIR, NMR, TGA/DTG and elemental analysis. Furthermore, the nematicidal activities, egg hatching inhibitory activities, plant growth adjustment abilities, cytotoxicity and phytotoxicity of the derivatives were evaluated. The primary mechanism was assessed by heavy metal ion absorption and GSH-binding assays. The results showed COS dithiocarbamate derivatives could possess multiple efficacies, including high nematicidal activities and egg hatching inhibitory activities, plant growth regulating effects, low cell toxicities and phytotoxicities. Additionally, it was inferred that nematicidal activity may be correlated with GSH-binding activity but not heavy metal ion complexation. COS modification has immense potential for controlling plant-parasitic nematodes.

6.
J Basic Microbiol ; 59(11): 1082-1091, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544274

RESUMO

Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is one of the most destructive diseases affecting rice worldwide. However, little is known about the population structure of this organism in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, South China. Here, pathotypic and DNA fingerprint analyses were conducted to characterize the isolates of Xoo collected from rice leaves in five districts of the region from 2013 to 2016. Their pathogenicity was tested by leaf clipping, and the DNA fingerprints were analyzed by repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction and endogenous insertion sequence element-based polymerase chain reaction assays using the repetitive extragenic palindromic sequence and enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus primers, respectively. Pathogenicity assays of 70 representative isolates were conducted using a series of near-isogenic lines and two new pathotypes were identified. All the pathotypes were found to be incompatible with xa5 and Xa7. One pathotype was virulent to Xa14, Xa21, and Xa23, whereas another virulent to Xa21 and Xa23, but incompatible with Xa14. A dendrogram generated for the data sets obtained from DNA fingerprinting suggested the prevalence of high genetic diversity of Xoo throughout Guangxi, and no association between the molecular haplotypes and pathotypes was identified.

7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(17)2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455021

RESUMO

The Luojia1-01 (LJ1-01) satellite launched on June 2, 2018 provides a new option for nighttime light (NTL) application research. In this paper, four types of human settlements, such as cities, counties, towns and villages, are sampled to evaluate the potential of LJ1-01 to detect feeble NTL by comparing with the NTL images from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System (DMSP/OLS) and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership Satellite. First, the landscape indices and cutoff threshold method are applied to enhance signal-noise ratio (SNR). Then, the detection accuracy of samples is evaluated to determine the optimal cutoff threshold for each NTL data source. After that, the spatial correspondence of different NTL images and the area consistency between the samples and NTL footprints are compared. Finally, after the discussion of feeble NTL detection and the influence of clouds, moonlight and image composites, it can be concluded that LJ1-01 is more suitable for detection feeble NTL objects, while great importance should be attached to the measures to eliminate the noise in LJ1-01 image and make LJ1-01 more widely used: (1) In the study area, a suitable cutoff threshold of LJ1-01 image can be set to 0.1 nano-Wcm-2sr-1, which is lower than that of VIIRS image (0.3 nano-Wcm-2sr-1), and this enables LJ1-01 to reserve more information of NTL, especially the feeble NTL. Moreover, the minimum area that can be identified by NTL footprints from LJ1-01 is 0.02 km2, while that of VIIRS and DMSP are 0.3 km2 and 4.5 km2, respectively. (2) The cutoff threshold method can identify the range of NTL with more noise, but cannot eliminate the noise separately. The filtering method and the image composition method may play more important role in the applications of LJ1-01 data.

8.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(23): 24305-24312, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256395

RESUMO

Identifying the sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is key to air quality control and pollution prevention. Though receptor models have been widely used in source apportionment of VOCs, they are not applicable to identify the potential source of labile species. In this study, the potential source of methyl mercaptan (MeSH) near a large refining and petrochemical plant was identified using an indirect method. When wind directions were controlled, the study period was separated into two subperiods depending on the detection of MeSH. Relative contributions from potential sources were predicted by chemical mass balance model and positive matrix factorization model based on ambient concentrations of sulfur-free compounds. Both models predicted that petroleum refinery and petrochemical production were the dominant sources of VOCs in the study area. When MeSH was detected, the relative contribution from gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas, or crude oil increased by 7.4 to 26.8% point, depending on wind direction and the predictive model used, suggesting a close relationship between MeSH and the emission from petroleum refinery. Consistent with the indirect source apportionment, among the coexisting VOCs, MeSH was most highly correlated or associated with ethane, propane, isobutane, cis-2-pentente, and isoprene, which are major components of the products or by-products of petrochemical refining processes.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Modelos Químicos , Compostos de Sulfidrila/análise , Poluição do Ar , Gasolina , Petróleo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Vento
9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(13): 4510-4520, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278889

RESUMO

Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) plays a crucial role in the development and progression of coronary heart disease (CAD). Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is an adipokine correlated with cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies found that RBP4 levels are increased in patients with SCH. However, the relationship of RBP4 with CAD in SCH patients remains unclear. A total of 199 SCH patients (148 with CAD and 51 without CAD) and 102 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Serum RBP4 was increased in SCH patients than controls. Moreover, serum RBP4 was higher in SCH patients with CAD. Although there was no significant difference of metabolic parameters between SCH patients with and without CAD, serum RBP4 was positively correlated with body mass index, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, as well as thyroid stimulating hormone. Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed elevated RBP4 was correlated with increased risk for CAD in SCH patients. Serum RBP4 levels were also increased as the number of stenosed vessels increased. Furthermore, increased RBP4 was positively correlated with the severity of CAD quantified by the Gensini score. Our findings demonstrate that serum RBP4 is associated with the presence and severity of CAD in patients with SCH.

10.
Stat Methods Med Res ; : 962280219864710, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359834

RESUMO

In an ultra-high dimensional setting with a huge number of covariates, variable screening is useful for dimension reduction before applying a more refined method for model selection and statistical analysis. This paper proposes a new sure joint screening procedure for right-censored time-to-event data based on a sparsity-restricted semiparametric accelerated failure time model. Our method, referred to as Buckley-James assisted sure screening (BJASS), consists of an initial screening step using a sparsity-restricted least-squares estimate based on a synthetic time variable and a refinement screening step using a sparsity-restricted least-squares estimate with the Buckley-James imputed event times. The refinement step may be repeated several times to obtain more stable results. We show that with any fixed number of refinement steps, the BJASS procedure retains all important variables with probability tending to 1. Simulation results are presented to illustrate its performance in comparison with some marginal screening methods. Real data examples are provided using a diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) data and a breast cancer data. We have implemented the BJASS method using Matlab and made it available to readers through Github https://github.com/yiucla/BJASS .

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 138: 70-78, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306705

RESUMO

Avian Leukosis Virus Subgroup J (ALV-J) is an oncogenic retrovirus, mainly spread by vertical and horizontal transmission, which have caused severe losses in world poultry industry. Sargassum fusiforme polysaccharide (SFP), a marine algae sulfated polysaccharide, has attracted more attention due to its variously biological activities. In this study, the anti-ALV-J property of SFP was assessed in vivo and in vitro. The results demonstrated that different Mw of SFPs showed virustatic activity to ALV-J in vitro by combining with the virus when ALV-J adsorbed onto the host cells. When treated with SFPs, the ALV-J gene and protein expression reduced clearly and SFP-3 (Molecular weight 9 kDa) had the best antiviral effect. Results in vivo showed that the immunosuppression of the ALV-J infected chickens were relieved by SFP-3. Moreover, SFP-3 obviously inhibit the viral shedding and alleviated the organs damage caused by ALV-J. This study offered a new method for ALV-J treatment and enriched the potential application of SFP.

12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 4876-4882, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210419

RESUMO

Despite aggressive multimodality treatment, the prognosis of glioma, especially malignant glioma, remains very poor. After decades of effort, anti-angiogenic therapy has become an important method of cancer treatment in addition to surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Although the performance of anti-angiogenic therapy in colorectal cancer is good, its performance in malignant glioma remains unsatisfactory. Several phase III clinical trials showed no overall survival benefits. To solve this problem, the division of patients into groups based on their molecular biomarkers is an important step. This paper provides current insights into anti-angiogenic drugs undergoing clinical trials and discusses the potential of molecular biomarkers to guide glioma diagnosis.

13.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 20(9): 1264-1278, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250536

RESUMO

Post-translational farnesylation can regulate subcellular localization and protein-protein interaction in eukaryotes. The function of farnesylation is not well identified in plant pathogenic fungi, particularly during the process of fungal infection. Here, through functional analyses of the farnesyltransferase ß-subunit gene, RAM1, we examine the importance of protein farnesylation in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Targeted disruption of RAM1 resulted in the reduction of hyphal growth and sporulation, and an increase in the sensitivity to various stresses. Importantly, loss of RAM1 also led to the attenuation of virulence on the plant host, characterized by decreased appressorium formation and invasive growth. Interestingly, the defect in appressoria formation of the Δram1 mutant can be recovered by adding exogenous cAMP and IBMX, suggesting that RAM1 functions upstream of the cAMP signalling pathway. We found that two Ras GTPases, RAS1 and RAS2, can interact with Ram1, and their plasma membrane localization was regulated by Ram1 through their C-terminal farnesylation sites. Adding a farnesyltransferase inhibitor Tipifarnib can result in similar defects as in Δram1 mutant, including decreased appressorium formation and invasive growth, as well as mislocalized RAS proteins. Our findings indicate that protein farnesylation regulates the RAS protein-mediated signaling pathways required for appressorium formation and host infection, and suggest that abolishing farnesyltransferase could be an effective strategy for disease control.

14.
World Neurosurg ; 129: e224-e232, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125778

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a cerebrovascular disorder, currently defined as progressive stenosis of intracranial internal carotid artery and its main branches with secondary formation of netlike vessels. Its precise formation mechanism, however, is unknown. We propose that MMD is caused by abnormal embryonic development of the cerebral arteries and also propose a mechanism for MMD formation. METHODS: The anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries, anterior choroidal arteries (AChoA) and posterior choroidal arteries, and posterior corpus callosum arteries were analyzed separately for each patient with MMD to determine whether the arteries exhibited the following characteristics, which we regarded as remnants of primitive vessels: 1) plexiform arteries rather than normal artery trunks; 2) clustered arteries converging at locations of normal artery trunks; and 3) dilated AChoA. RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 39 consecutive patients with MMD, of whom 30 had anterior cerebral arteries, 31 middle cerebral arteries, 10 posterior cerebral arteries, 30 AChoAs, 18 posterior choroidal arteries, and 20 posterior corpus callosum arteries and had the characteristics of primitive vessel remnants. Altogether, 82.05% of the patients had the remnants of primitive vessels. CONCLUSIONS: MMD is more likely to be caused by abnormalities of cerebral artery development, which mainly occur in the embryonic period or postnatally. The abnormality developing processes include sprouting angiogenesis, vessel fusion, and pruning, which primarily affect cranial ramus of primitive internal carotid artery, may occasionally affect the caudal ramus of the primitive internal carotid artery, and rarely affect the vertebrobasilar artery system. So-called moyamoya vessels comprise unfused primitive small vessels; to compensate, enlarged AChoAs remain undegenerated but are not dilated.

15.
Molecules ; 24(10)2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117172

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to isolate and purify antioxidative peptides from Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) protein. Five enzymes (pepsin, trypsin, papain, flavourzyme, and neutrase) were used for protein hydrolysis, and Pacific herring protein hydrolysates (PHPH) were separated by ultrafiltration. The fraction with the molecular weight below 3500 Da exhibited the highest in vitro antioxidant activities and cellular antioxidant activity. The PHPH was isolated and purified by consecutive chromatographic methods including gel filtration chromatography and reverse high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The purified antioxidant peptides were identified as Leu-His-Asp-Glu-Leu-Thr (MW = 726.35 Da) and Lys-Glu-Glu-Lys-Phe-Glu (MW = 808.40 Da), and the IC50 values of cellular antioxidant activity were 1.19 ± 0.05 mg/mL and 1.04 ± 0.06 mg/mL. The results demonstrate that is possible to produce natural antioxidative peptides from Pacific herring protein via enzymatic hydrolysis and purification.

16.
Poult Sci ; 98(9): 4094-4103, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002106

RESUMO

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes a variety of extraintestinal diseases known as colibacillosis and is responsible for significant economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Biofilm formation results in increased morbidity and persistent infections, and is the main reason for the difficult treatment of colibacillosis with antimicrobial agents. It is reported that the transcriptional regulator McbR regulates biofilm formation and mucoidy by repressing the expression of the periplasmic protein YbiM, and activates the transcription of the yciGFE operon by binding to the yciG promoter in E. coli K-12. However, whether McbR regulates biofilm formation and H2O2 stress response in APEC has been not reported. The present study showed that, in the clinical isolate APECX40, the deletion of mcbR increased biofilm formation by upregulating the transcription of the biofilm-associated genes bcsA, fliC, wcaF, and fimA. In addition, the deletion of mcbR decreased H2O2 stress response by downregulating the transcript levels of the stress-associated genes yciF and yciE. The electrophoretic mobility shift assays confirmed that McbR directly binds to the promoter regions of yciG and yciF. This study may provide new clues to understanding gene regulation in APEC.

17.
Nanoscale ; 11(16): 7813-7824, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958488

RESUMO

In this work, we prepared ultrathin MoS2 nanosheets with exposed active edge sites and high electric conductivity that can sufficiently absorb light in the visible region to enable solar energy conversion. The gold nanocrystal-decorated MoS2 nanosheets facilitate sufficiently enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting in the UV-visible region. Different Au nanostructures, such as Au nanoparticles and nanorods, were modified on the surface of MoS2 nanosheets to promote photoelectrochemical water decomposition. By spin-coating a synthetic gold-modified MoS2 hybrid photoanode on a FTO substrate, the efficiency of photoelectrochemical water oxidation was significantly enhanced, by 2 times (nanorods) and 3.5 times (nanoparticles) in the visible-infrared region; furthermore, the average optical resistance was reduced by a factor of two compared to the MoS2 photoanode without Au, and the photocurrent increases exponentially when the system bias was greater than 0.7 volts. The Au-MoS2 metal-semiconductor interface plays an important role in studying the surface plasmon interactions, charge transfer mechanism, and electric field amplification. This rational design for such a unique hybrid nanostructure explains the plasmon-enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting. This current contribution provides a new path for using the plasmonic metal/semiconductor heterostructure to effectively harvest UV-visible light for solar fuel generation.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(16): e14718, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008920

RESUMO

Xanthogranuloma of choroid plexus is an extremely rare, benign, and mostly asymptomatic intracranial lesion. We report a case of symptomatic lateral ventricular xanthogranuloma resected via a neuronavigator-guided ventriculoscopic approach. Then we review recent English medical literature and notice that craniotomies have been the most popular treatment. But our choice of a ventriculoscopic approach possesses unique advantages such as minimized neural tissue damage, shortened operative time, less blood loss, and safer access to central structures over conventional open surgeries. Informed consent has been obtained from the patient and his immediate family regarding this case report.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/diagnóstico , Plexo Corióideo , Granuloma/diagnóstico , Ventrículos Laterais , Xantomatose/diagnóstico , Adulto , Encefalopatias/complicações , Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalopatias/cirurgia , Granuloma/complicações , Granuloma/diagnóstico por imagem , Granuloma/cirurgia , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neuroendoscopia , Exame Neurológico , Neuronavegação , Xantomatose/complicações , Xantomatose/diagnóstico por imagem , Xantomatose/cirurgia
19.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e025566, 2019 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898819

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Revascularisation surgery is an important treatment of moyamoya disease (MMD). Several general methods of revascularisation had been used: direct, indirect and combined techniques. However, there had been no reports about the criteria of recipient arteries selection in bypass surgery for MMD. Surgeons usually choose the recipient arteries by their own experiences. Their choices of the recipient arteries are various and may contribute the different outcome of patients. The purpose is to identify utility and efficacy of precision bypass guided by multimodal neuronavigation of MMD in a prospective randomised controlled trial. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: This study is a prospective randomised controlled clinical trial. This study will enrol a total of 100 eligible patients. These eligible patients will be randomised to the empirical bypass group and the multimodal neuronavigation-guided precision bypass group in a 1:1 ratio. Patient baseline characteristics and MMD characteristics will be described. In the multimodal neuronavigation-guided group, the blood velocity and blood flow of the recipient arteries will be identified. Surgical complications and outcomes at pretreatment, post-treatment, at discharge and at 3 month, 6 month, 12 month and end of trial will be analysed with CT perfusion, MRI, digital subtraction angiography, modified Rankin Scale, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale and modified Barthel Scale. This trial will determine whether multimodal neuronavigation-guided precision bypass is superior to empirical bypass in patients with MMD and identify the safety and efficacy of multimodal neuronavigation-guided precision bypass. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol and written informed consent were reviewed and approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Peking University International Hospital. Study findings will be disseminated in the printed media. The study started in August, 2018 and expected to be completed in December, 2020. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03516851; Pre-results.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 132: 575-584, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926491

RESUMO

A new kind of eco-friendly superabsorbent polymer was successfully synthesized using (2-pyridyl) acetyl chitosan chloride (PACS), acrylic acid (AA) and acrylamide (AM) in aqueous solution by a free radical polymerization. The effect of different reaction conditions, such as the initiator content, crosslinker content and PACS content were investigated. And the water retention, salt tolerance and reuse ability were investigated too. The chemical structure and morphological characterizations of the superabsorbent polymer were investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that the novel superabsorbent polymer exhibits excellent water absorbency, which can absorb distilled water 615 g/g and 0.9% NaCl solution 44 g/g. At the same time, this product showed excellent water retention and reusability. The antibacterial properties of the superabsorbent polymers were tested too. The introduction of antibacterial groups also enhances antibacterial properties against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. This kind of superabsorbent polymer has a broad application prospect.


Assuntos
Absorção Fisico-Química , Acrilamidas/síntese química , Acrilamidas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Acrilamidas/química , Antibacterianos/química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Sais/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Água/química
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