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1.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 230-238, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989507

RESUMO

Based on the flow direction of the Fuhe River into Baiyangdian Lake, the impacted area of the Fuhe River was divided into 6 subareas, and sediments from 48 sites were collected in November 2020. The characteristics and risks of sediment nutrients and heavy metal pollution in these six subareas were investigated. The results showed that the average ω(TN), ω(TP), and ω(TOC) were 1841 mg·kg-1, 769 mg·kg-1, and 1.77%, respectively. The major heavy metals were Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb, which were 3.73, 1.50, 1.42, 1.31, and 1.31 times the soil background values for Hebei Province, respectively. The TP and heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb) content showed a decreasing trend from the Fuhe River estuary to the downstream Zaolinzhuang, whereas the TN and TOC content showed no marked trends. TN, TP, TOC, and heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb) were enriched in surface sediments (0-10 cm). The TP content in the surface sediments (0-10 cm) of the Fuhe River estuary, Fuhe River estuary-Nanliuzhuang, and Nanliuzhuang subareas were heavily polluted; the Wangjiazhai and Guangdian subareas were moderately polluted; and the Zaolinzhuang subarea was slightly polluted. Cd and Hg were the major contributors to heavy metal pollution, which were at considerable risk and moderate risk levels, respectively. The heavy metals in surface sediments (0-10 cm) of the Fuhe River estuary, Fuhe River estuary-Nanliuzhuang, and Nanliuzhuang subareas were at a considerable risk level, and the sediments below 30 cm presented a low risk level. The leaching concentrations of heavy metals in sediments from the subarea of severe ecological risk level were far less than the identification standard values of leaching toxicity, suggesting that the sediments can be treated as general waste after dredging.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos , Metais Pesados/análise , Nutrientes , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 27(6): 506-512, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs1126772, rs117291487, rs11730582, rs142608941 and rs6813526 of the osteopontin (OPN) gene with the risk of asthenozoospermia (AZS). METHODS: We included 135 AZS patients in the AZS group and another 239 fertile men as normal controls. Using the SNaPshot technique, we genotyped the rs1126772, rs117291487, rs11730582, rs142608941 and rs6813526 polymorphisms of the OPN gene in all the subjects and analyzed the correlation of the five SNPs with AZS. RESULTS: The GA genotype and A allele of the OPN gene rs1126772 were found to be correlated with the risk of AZS (GA vs AA: OR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.35-0.86, P = 0.009; A vs G: OR = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.46-0.89, P = 0.007), and so was the CT genotype and T allele at the RS11730582 locus (CT vs TT: OR = 0.526, 95% CI: 0.34-0.82, P = 0.009; T vs C: OR = 0.60, 95% CI: 0.44-0.83, P = 0.002). Haplotype analysis showed that the AATCT haplotype decreased the risk of AZS (AATCT: OR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.42-0.88, P = 0.008) . CONCLUSIONS: The polymorphisms of the OPN gene RS1126772 and RS11730582 may reduce the risk of AZS.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia/genética , Osteopontina , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Humanos , Masculino , Osteopontina/genética
3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4781-4788, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581120

RESUMO

A dredging demonstration project in the Baiyangdian Lake included open waters and fishing ponds to reduce the internal release of nitrogen and phosphorus from bottom sediments. The dredging depth design was determined by both the sediment vertical distribution profile of total nitrogen and phosphorus, and the sediment adsorption-desorption equilibrium method. The determined dredging depths were very similar and coincident. The dredging depth for the demonstration area of open waters in Nanliuzhuang was identified as(50±10) cm; and the dredging depths for fishing ponds were(30±10) cm in both the Nanliuzhuang and Caiputai demonstration areas. The equilibrium nitrogen(NH4+-N) and phosphorus(SRP) concentrations at zero net sorption or desorption(ENC0 and EPC0) were significantly positively correlated with both exchangeable and total nitrogen and phosphorus in the sediments. The total nitrogen and phosphorus in the sediments were also used to predict the risk of their release from the bottom sediments to the overlying water column. The sediment layers with ENC0 and EPC0 values greater than the NH4+-N and SRP in the overlying water column indicated the sediments act as a source of dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus to the overlying water column in the Nanliuzhuang and Caiputai demonstration areas. Accordingly, the sediment layers with both total nitrogen concentrations greater than 750 mg·kg-1 and total phosphorus concentrations greater than 500 mg·kg-1 should be identified as dredging layers.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , China , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(35): 42138-42145, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432434

RESUMO

By preparing a series of high-quality Fe1.1Se0.8Te0.2 films on the CaF2 substrate via pulsed laser deposition, we reveal the evolution of the structure as well as the superconductivity with the film thickness. We have found that there exists a threshold thickness above which the critical temperature Tc reaches its optimal value of 23.18 K with large activation energy, promising for high-field technological applications. Most importantly, the thick films have been found in a metastable state due to the fragile balance between the increased strain energy and the large compressive stress. Once the balance is broken by an external perturbation, a unique structure avalanche happens with a large part of the film exfoliated from the substrate and curves out. The exfoliated part of the film remains a single phase, with its lattice parameter and Tc recovering the bulk values. Our results clearly demonstrate the close relation between the compressive stress of the film/substrate interface and the high critical temperature observed in FeSeTe films. Moreover, this also provides an efficient way to fabricate free-standing single-phase FeSeTe crystals in the phase-separation regime.

5.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(4): 2410-2418, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632263

RESUMO

Interleukin-27 (IL-27) gene polymorphisms are linked to infectious disease susceptibility and IL-27 plasma level is associated with HIV infection. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between IL-27 polymorphisms and susceptibility to HIV infection and disease progression. A total of 300 patients with HIV infection (48 long-term nonprogressors and 252 typical progressors) and 300 healthy controls were genotyped for three IL-27 polymorphisms, rs17855750, rs181206, rs40837 which were performed by using multiple single nucleotide primer extension technique. Significant association was found between IL-27 rs40837 polymorphisms with susceptibility to HIV infection (AG vs AA: adjusted OR = 1.60, 95% CI, 1.11-2.30, P = 0.012; AG+GG vs AA: adjusted OR = 1.44, 95% CI, 1.02-2.03, P = 0.038) and disease progression (LTNP: AG vs AA: adjusted OR = 2.33, 95% CI, 1.13-4.80, P = 0.021; TP: AG vs AA: adjusted OR = 1.50, 95% CI, 1.04-2.24, P = 0.030). Serum IL-27 levels were significantly lower in cases compared to controls (P < 0.001). There were lower serum IL-27 levels in TPs than in LTNPs (P < 0.001). We further found that LTNPs with rs40837 AG or GG genotype had lower serum IL-27 levels than with AA genotype (P < 0.05). The CD4+ T counts in cases were significantly lower than controls (P < 0.001). In contrast, individuals with rs40837 AG genotype had lower CD4+ T counts than with AA genotype in cases (P < 0.05). In addition, CD4+ T counts in TPs were significantly lower than LTNPs (P < 0.001). IL-27 rs40837 polymorphism might influence the susceptibility to HIV infection and disease progression probably by regulating the level of serum IL-27 or the quantity of CD4+ T.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Infecções por HIV/genética , Interleucinas/genética , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
6.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 24(7): 596-601, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30173441

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs12009, rs1140763 and rs16927997 in the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of the glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) gene with the risk of male asthenozoospermia (AZS). METHODS: We included 400 AZS patients in the AZS group and another 400 fertile men as normal controls. Using the SNaPshot technique, we genotyped the rs12009, rs1140763 and rs16927997 polymorphisms in the 3'UTR of the GRP78 gene in all the male subjects and analyzed the association of the three SNPs with AZS. RESULTS: The percentage of progressively motile sperm was significantly lower in the AZS group than in the normal controls (ï¼»20.09 ± 8.18ï¼½ % vs ï¼»57.16 ± 13.45ï¼½ %, P <0.01). Three genotypes of CC, CT and TT and 2 alleles of C and T were found in rs12009 and rs1140763 of the GRP78 gene, and another three genotypes of GG, GA and AA and two alleles of G and A were observed in rs16927997. There were no statistically significant differences between the control and AZS groups in the frequencies of the C and T alleles in rs12009 (44.3% vs 47.3% and 55.7% vs 52.7%, P >0.05) or rs1140763 (50.0% vs 52.0% and 50.0% vs 48.0%, P >0.05) or those of the G and A alleles in rs16927997 (6.0% vs 4.4% and 94.0% vs 95.6%, P >0.05), nor in the genotypes and allele frequencies of the 3 polymorphisms (P >0.05). Furthermore, three haplotypes of C-C-A, T-C-G and T-T-A were observed in the male subjects but showed no evident correlation between the AZS and normal control groups. CONCLUSIONS: The polymorphisms in the 3'UTR of the GRP78 gene are not correlated with the risk of male asthenozoospermia.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Astenozoospermia/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Risco
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