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1.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 3269-3286, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924260

RESUMO

Background: Naringin is a naturally occurring flavanone that promotes osteogenesis. Owing to the high lipophilicity, poor in vivo bioavailability, and extensive metabolic alteration upon administration, the clinical efficacy of naringin is understudied. Additionally, information on the molecular mechanism by which it promotes osteogenesis is limited. Methods: In this study, we prepared TAT & RGD peptide-modified naringin-loaded nanoparticles (TAT-RGD-NAR-NPs), evaluated their potency on the osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), and studied its mechanism of action through metabolomic analysis. Results: The particle size and zeta potential of TAT-RGD-NAR-NPs were 160.70±2.05 mm and -20.77±0.47mV, respectively. The result of cell uptake assay showed that TAT-RGD-NAR-NPs could effectively enter hDPSCs. TAT-RGD-NAR-NPs had a more significant effect on cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation promotion. Furthermore, in metabolomic analysis, naringin particles showed a strong influence on the glycerophospholipid metabolism pathway of hDPSCs. Specifically, it upregulated the expression of PLA2G3 and PLA2G1B (two isozymes of phospholipase A2, PLA2), increased the biosynthesis of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). Conclusion: These results suggested that TAT-RGD-NPs might be used for transporting naringin to hDPSCs for modulating stem cell osteogenic differentiation. The metabolomic analysis was used for the first time to elucidate the mechanism by which naringin promotes hDPSCs osteogenesis by upregulating PLA2G3 and PLA2G1B.


Assuntos
Flavanonas , Nanopartículas , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Polpa Dentária , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Produtos do Gene tat/genética , Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo IB/metabolismo , Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo III/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipossomos , Oligopeptídeos/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Células-Tronco
2.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 14(1): 112, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941673

RESUMO

With the pandemic of metabolic diseases, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence has dramatically elevated. NAFLD encompasses a spectrum of diseases including simple steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which can further progress to cirrhosis or liver cancer (LC). However, data are lacking on the burden and trend of NASH-related LC. Here, we analyzed the trends and changes of NASH-related LC burden using Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data (1990-2019). In 2019, the global incidence, prevalence, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and deaths of NASH related LC were 36.3 thousand (95% UI 29.5-44.9), 46.8 thousand (38.2-57.6), 796 thousand (657-976) and 34.7 thousand (28.4-43.2), respectively. The absolute numbers and rates of NASH-related LC incidence, mortality, and DALY significantly elevated from 1990 to 2019. With the age increased, the incidences, DALYs and deaths of NASH-related LC significantly elevated. The incidence and mortality rate of NASH-related LC significantly increased from 2010 to 2019 in individuals aged from 20 to 54 and older than 55 years old. We also found that a large disparity of NASH-related LC burden in different socio-demographic index (SDI) locations. The crude number and the age-standardized rate of incidences, DALYs and deaths was highest in the middle SDI locations and high SDI locations showed the largest increase of NASH-related LC burden from 1990 to 2019. Moreover, the proportion of LC incidences, deaths and DALYs attributed to NASH were 4.74%, 5.30% and 4.25%, respectively in 1990 which were increased by 43.5%, 35.3% and 49.4%, respectively in 2019. Conclusion: The global burden of NASH-related LC and the proportion LC burden attributed to NASH are significantly increasing.

3.
Waste Manag ; 151: 163-170, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35952414

RESUMO

Catalytic gasification of old corrugated containers with Fe-based catalysts is a promising way to produce renewable H2 along with the utilization of solid waste. In this study, the effect of support type and crystal form of support in Fe-based catalysts on the catalytic gasification of old corrugated containers was systematically investigated. The results show that, the introduction of Fe/γ-Al2O3, Fe/TiO2, Fe/SiO2, and Fe/ZSM5-30 promote H2 production. Among them, Fe/TiO2 has the highest catalytic activity on H2 yield (25.10 mmol/g) related to the formation of Fe2TiO5 solid-melt material. Fe/γ-Al2O3 shows the best H2 selectivity (46.34 %) and good H2 yield (24.19 mmol/g) due to good dispersity of Fe. Further, the order of catalytic effect on H2 selectivity is Fe/amorphous Al2O3 (51.46 %) > Fe/α-Al2O3 (46.98 %) > Fe/γ-Al2O3 (46.34 %). With the increase in cycle index, Fe/amorphous Al2O3 shows the best catalytic effect on H2 yield (25.56 mmol/g) after 11 indexes due to the formation of Al2FeO4. Fe/γ-Al2O3 shows the best stability on H2 selectivity (∼43 %) after 11 indexes.

4.
Phytochemistry ; : 113346, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961408

RESUMO

1H-NMR guided fractionation led to the isolation of twenty-two coumarin monoterpenes from the whole plant of Gerbera piloselloides, among which fourteen were undescribed. All coumarin monoterpenes were initially found to be racemates without optical activity. Subsequently, eleven pairs of optically pure enantiomers were successfully separated by chiral phase HPLC. Their structures and absolute configurations were unambiguously determined based on their spectroscopic data, calculated/experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Bioassays in LPS-treated RAW 264.7 cells revealed that the four compounds possessed moderate anti-inflammatory activity. In addition, the correlation between the cotton effect (CE) from δ-lactone at approximately 210-220 nm in CD spectra and γ-C or the ring fused at γ-C of the skeleton was reported for the first time.

5.
Hip Int ; : 11207000221116764, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 infection first emerged in December 2019 in China and has since rapidly spread to become a worldwide pandemic. Orthopaedic surgery suffered a significant decline in the volume of surgical cases, while the orthopaedic trauma services maintained or increased the activity. Emergency operations for proximal femur fractures (PFF) in the elderly population assumed levels comparable to before the pandemic, with the 1-year mortality rate ranging from 14% to 36%. AIMS: To determine whether patients with PFF affected by COVID-19 have a higher risk of postoperative mortality through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and BMC were searched from January 2020 to January 2021 to identify original studies reporting the mortality in COVID-19 patients after PFF surgery. Study and participants' characteristics, mortality rate and odds ratio (OR) were extracted. Risk of bias assessment was carried, and visual inspection of the funnel plot was used to assess publication bias. A random-effects model for meta-analysis was adopted. RESULTS: Among 656 articles that came from the search query and hand-search, 10 articles were eligible after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Overall, the sum of the study participants was 1882, with 351 COVID-19 positive patients (18.7%) and a total number of 117 deaths, with an overall mortality rate of 33.3%. The mortality rate of COVID-19 positive patients varied from 14.8% to 60% and was higher than of those without COVID-19, with OR ranging from 2.424 to 72.00. The inverse variance method showed an OR = 3.652. All studies showed a statistically significant p-value. CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative mortality in hip fracture patients with concomitant COVID-19 was 3.65 times higher than the mortality in non-COVID patients. The currently available literature demonstrates that COVID-19 infection represents a substantial risk factor for postoperative mortality in the already susceptible hip fracture population.

7.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4591, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933437

RESUMO

The explosion in demand for massive data processing and storage requires revolutionary memory technologies featuring ultrahigh speed, ultralong retention, ultrahigh capacity and ultralow energy consumption. Although a breakthrough in ultrafast floating-gate memory has been achieved very recently, it still suffers a high operation voltage (tens of volts) due to the Fowler-Nordheim tunnelling mechanism. It is still a great challenge to realize ultrafast nonvolatile storage with low operation voltage. Here we propose a floating-gate memory with a structure of MoS2/hBN/MoS2/graphdiyne oxide/WSe2, in which a threshold switching layer, graphdiyne oxide, instead of a dielectric blocking layer in conventional floating-gate memories, is used to connect the floating gate and control gate. The volatile threshold switching characteristic of graphdiyne oxide allows the direct charge injection from control gate to floating gate by applying a nanosecond voltage pulse (20 ns) with low magnitude (2 V), and restricts the injected charges in floating gate for a long-term retention (10 years) after the pulse. The high operation speed and low voltage endow the device with an ultralow energy consumption of 10 fJ. These results demonstrate a new strategy to develop next-generation high-speed low-energy nonvolatile memory.

8.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 949514, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937700

RESUMO

Chlamydia trachomatis is the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) and remains a major public health challenge, especially in less-developed regions. Establishing a rapid, inexpensive, and easy-to-interpret point-of-care (POC) testing system for C. trachomatis could be critical for its treatment and limiting further transmission. Here, we devised a novel approach termed a multiple cross displacement amplification integrated with gold nanoparticle-based lateral flow biosensor (MCDA-AuNPs-LFB) for the highly specific, sensitive, user-friendly, and rapid identification of C. trachomatis in clinical samples. A suite of MCDA primers based on the C. trachomatis ompA gene from 14 serological variants (serovar A-K, L1, L2, and L3) were successfully designed and used to establish the assay. Optimal assay conditions were identified at 67°C, and the detection procedure, including nucleic acid preparation (approximately 5 min), MCDA amplification (30 min), and AuNPs-LFB visual readout (within 2 min), was completed within 40 min. The all-in cost for each test was approximately $5.5 USD. The limit of detection (LoD) was 10 copies/reaction, and no cross-reaction was observed with non-C. trachomatis microbes. A total of 135 suspected C. trachomatis-infection genital secretion samples were collected and simultaneously detected using real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) in our assay. Compared with the qPCR technology, the MCDA-AuNPs-LFB sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 100%, 96.20%, 94.92%, and 100%, respectively. Hence, our MCDA-AuNP-LFB assay exhibited considerable potential for POC testing and could be used to identify C. trachomatis in clinical settings, particularly in low-income regions.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Ouro , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Temperatura
9.
Burns ; 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941025

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Deep partial-thickness and full-thickness burn wounds often undergo tangential excision or escharectomy to expose healthy tissue, combined with skin grafting to promote wound healing. However, conventional tangential excision with the humby knife leads to inevitable damage to the dermis while excising burn tissue due to the lack of precision. Indeed, the preservation of dermal tissue is a key factor in determining wound healing and scar quality. The precision and tissue selectivity of the Versajet Hydrosurgical System has been established for excising burn tissue while preserving dermal tissue. In this study, we retrospectively compared the efficacy of "Hydrosurgical excision combined with skin grafting" and "Conventional tangential excision combined with skin grafting" in treating deep partial-thickness and full-thickness burn wounds to demonstrate that hydrosurgery improved the treatment of deep partial-thickness and full-thickness burns. METHODS: A total of 86 patients with deep partial-thickness and/or full-thickness burns with a total burn surface area (TBSA) ≤ 25% from July 2018 to July 2020 were included in this study and were divided into experimental (hydrosurgical excision combined with skin grafting, n = 43) and control (conventional tangential excision combined with skin grafting, n = 43) groups. Parameters were analyzed, including the intraoperative blood loss volume per unit area of grafted skin, surgery duration, wound healing time, skin graft survival, and the treatment costs per unit of burned area. Scar assessment was performed at 1 year with the modified Vancouver Scar Scale linked with TBSA (mVSS-TBSA). RESULT: No significant difference was found in male to female ratio, age, weight, TBSA, burn depth, skin grafting area (SKA), skin grafting methods, cases treated with carbon dioxide fractional laser or incidence of inhalation injury, and the incidence of hypovolemic shock between two groups(p > 0.05). Compared with the control group, patients treated with hydrosurgical excision combined with skin grafting experienced less intraoperative blood loss volume per unit area of grafted skin (p < 0.05). The mVSS-TBSA of patients that underwent hydrosurgical excision combined with skin grafting was significantly improved in comparison to the control group (p < 0.01). No significant difference was found in surgery duration, wound healing time, skin graft survival and treatment costs per unit of burned area between the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Hydrosurgical excision combined with skin grafting reduced intraoperative blood loss volume per unit area of grafted skin, improved scarring 1-year after injury, and did not increase the treatment costs per unit of burned area. This technique provides a novel alternative for managing deep partial-thickness and full-thickness burn wounds.

10.
Database (Oxford) ; 20222022 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962763

RESUMO

Drug resistance remains a global threat, and the rising trend of consuming probiotic-containing foods, many of which harbor antibiotic resistant determinants, has raised serious health concerns. Currently, the lack of accessibility to location-, drug- and species-specific information of drug-resistant probiotics has hampered efforts to combat the global spread of drug resistance. Here, we describe the development of ProbResist, which is a manually curated online database that catalogs reports of probiotic bacteria that have been experimentally proven to be resistant to antibiotics. ProbResist allows users to search for information of drug resistance in probiotics by querying with the names of the bacteria, antibiotic or location. Retrieved results are presented in a downloadable table format containing the names of the antibiotic, probiotic species, resistant determinants, region where the study was conducted and digital article identifiers (PubMed Identifier and Digital Object Identifier) hyperlinked to the original sources. The webserver also presents a simple analysis of information stored in the database. Given the increasing reports of drug-resistant probiotics, an exclusive database is necessary to catalog them in one platform. It will enable medical practitioners and experts involved in policy making to access this information quickly and conveniently, thus contributing toward the broader goal of combating drug resistance. DATABASE URL: https://probresist.com.

11.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 190: 62-74, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940517

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a recognized multifactorial inflammatory chronic disease, however, the exact role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of periodontitis is undefined. This study aims to imply the mechanism of NRF2-regulated oxidative stress and inflammatory responses under periodontitis and explored the novelty therapeutic targets. We first demonstrate that redox imbalance caused by inhibited NRF2 signaling pathway is induced in periodontium during hypoxia and bacterial events. Then we propose that LPS from P. gingivalis and hypoxia stimuli could inhibit hPDLCs proliferation and GSH level, promote ROS production, lipid peroxidation level, and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-17 level caused by the inhibited PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and sequential sequestered crosstalk between selective autophagy SQSTM1/p62 and Keap1/NRF2 axis accompanied by the reinforced NRF2 ubiquitination degradation and inactivated NRF2 nuclear translocation. Overexpression of NRF2 and SQSTM1 can protect hPDLCs from oxidative stress and inflammation exacerbation because of enhanced NRF2 activity. Further, the antioxidant and anti-inflammation potential of puerarin is verified in vitro and in experimental periodontitis in mice through diminishing above negative feedback loop mechanically. Altogether, we speculate that NRF2-mediated redox homeostasis is a profound candidate for one of the prominent roles in periodontitis pathogenesis and suggest puerarin as a promising therapeutic target.

12.
Front Neurol ; 13: 946593, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968302

RESUMO

Background and purpose: This study sought to improve methods to identify biomarkers in the neuroendocrine system related to stroke progression to improve the accuracy of traditional tools for evaluating stroke prognosis. Methods: Seventy-four stroke patients and 237 healthy controls were prospectively included. We measured urinary epinephrine (E), noradrenaline (NE), dopamine (DA) and cortisol (F) on days 1, 3, and 5 after stroke onset and plasma F, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), thyrotropin (TSH), prolactin (PRL), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and growth hormone (GH). The correlation between these hormone levels and 90-day prognosis was analyzed, their value in assessing prognosis was compared with lesion volume and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and their correlation with conventional clinical variables was assessed. Results: Levels of F, 24-h urinary free cortisol(UFC), E, NE, DA, and GH on days 1, 3, and 5 were significantly higher in stroke patients than in controls (P < 0.01), while ACTH and TSH decreased, gradually approaching normal within 5 days of onset. Levels of E, NE, F, and 24-h UFC were proportional to severity, and all gradually decreased within 5 days of onset in patients with a good prognosis and gradually increased or remained high in those with a poor prognosis. After adjustment for age, sex, NIHSS, or Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, F > 13.6 µg/dL, ACTH > 22.02 pg/mL and NE > 123.5 µg/ 24 h were identified as risk factors for a poor prognosis 90 days after stroke (P < 0.05). The combination of F, ACTH, NE, white blood cell count (WBC), glucose (Glu), and hemoglobin (Hb) was significantly more accurate than lesion volume (AUC: 0.931 vs. 0.694 P = 0.019) and NIHSS score (AUC: 0.931 vs. 0.746 P = 0.034) in predicting poor prognosis of stroke 1 day after onset. Hormones and traditional clinical variables were correlated to varying degrees, with NE correlating most strongly with 24-h UFC (r = 0.54) and moderately positively with lesion volume (r = 0.40) and NIHSS score (r = 0.45). Conclusions: Stroke causes significant time-phased dynamic changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic nervous system, and plasma F, ACTH, and urinary NE levels can be used to assess stroke severity and prognosis. Chinese clinical trial registry: Registration Number: ChiCTR1900024992. Registration Date: 2019/8/6.

14.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(7): 2544-2555, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928625

RESUMO

Background: We aimed to explore the impact of opioid-sparing anesthesia on patients' quality of recovery after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). We tested the primary hypothesis that our predefined opioid-sparing anesthesia provides better quality of patients' recovery compared to routine anesthesia in VATS. Methods: Patients between 18 and 70 years, scheduled for elective VATS, had an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I-III under general anesthesia, were randomly allocated to: routine anesthesia group and opioid-sparing anesthesia group. Patients in the opioid-sparing anesthesia group were mainly given preoperative thoracic paravertebral blockade with intraoperative withholding longer acting opioids. Patients in routine anesthesia group received opioid-based anesthesia. The primary outcome was the Quality of Recovery-15 scale (QoR-15) at 6 hours after surgery. The secondary outcomes included QoR-15 at 24 and 48 hours after surgery, Overall Benefit of Analgesia Score Satisfaction with pain treatment (OBAS) and acute pain intensity at 6, 24 and 48 hours after surgery, and clinical outcomes of recovery after surgery. Results: A total of 159 patients were included in final analysis. The median difference in QoR-15 between opioid-sparing anesthesia and routine anesthesia was 4 (95% CI: 1-6) at 6 hours, 8 (95% CI: 4-12) at 24 hours and 4.7 (95% CI: 1-6) at 48 hours after surgery respectively; 73.4% of patient showed good recovery in opioid-sparing anesthesia group, compared to 53.8% in routine anesthesia group at 24 hours after surgery (P=0.01). Patients demonstrated lower OBAS in opioid-sparing anesthesia group compared to routine anesthesia at all time points after surgery (P<0.05). The pain at most was significantly lower in opioid-sparing anesthesia group compared to routine anesthesia at 6 and 48 hours after surgery (P<0.05). Patients exhibited faster recovery with opioid-sparing anesthesia on time to mobilize and time to first flatus (P<0.01). Conclusions: Our intraoperative opioid-sparing anesthesia cannot improve patients' recovery at 6 hours after VATS lung surgery, but it demonstrates better outcomes at 24 hours after surgery compared to routine anesthesia, reaching to a clinically important difference. Trial Registration: This study is registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000031609.

15.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 145, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score derived from clinical parameters at the time of hospital discharge is a powerful predictor of long-term mortality and reinfarction after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The triglyceride glucose (TyG) index, which is a simple and reliable surrogate marker of insulin resistance, has been demonstrated to be an independent predictor of long-term adverse major adverse cardiac events, irrespective of diabetes mellitus. We investigate whether the addition of the TyG index improves the predictive ability of the GRACE score after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ACS patients regardless of diabetes mellitus. METHOD: A retrospective cohort of 986 ACS patients undergoing PCI was enrolled in the present analyses. The GRACE score for discharge to 6 months and the TyG index were calculated. The primary endpoint was the composite of MACEs, including all-cause death and nonfatal myocardial infarction. Patients were stratified according to the primary endpoint and the tertiles of the TyG index. Cumulative curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression was adopted to identify predictors of MACEs. The predictive value of the GRACE score alone and combined with the TyG index or fasting blood glucose (FBG) was estimated by the area under the receiver­operating characteristic curve, likelihood ratio test, Akaike's information criteria, continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). Internal validation was assessed using the means of bootstrap method with 1000 bootstrapped samples. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 30.72 months ((interquartile range, 26.13 to 35.07 months), 90 patients developed MACEs, more frequently in the patients with a higher TyG index. Multivariate Cox hazards regression analysis found that the TyG index, but not FBG was an independent predictor of MACEs (hazard ratio 1.6542; 95% CI 1.1555-2.3681; P = 0.006) in all types of ACS regardless of diabetes mellitus when included in the same model as GRACE score. Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the incidence of the primary endpoint rose with increasing TyG index tertiles (log-rank, P < 0.01). Adjustment the GRACE score by the TyG index improved the predictive ability for MACEs (increase in C-statistic value from 0.735 to 0.744; NRI, 0.282, 95% CI 0.028-0.426, P = 0.02; IDI, 0.019, 95% CI 0.004-0.046, P = 0.01). Likelihood ratio test showed that the TyG index significantly improved the prognostic ability of the GRACE score (χ2 = 12.37, 1 df; P < 0.001). The results remained consistent when the models were confirmed by internal bootstrap validation method. CONCLUSION: The TyG index, but not FBG is an independent predictor of long-term MACEs after PCI in all types of ACS patients regardless of diabetes mellitus after adjusting for the GRACE score, and improves the ability of the GRACE score to stratify risk and predict prognosis of ACS patients undergoing PCI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Glucose , Humanos , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos
16.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 948049, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910602

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluated the effect of microecological agents (MA) combined with molasses (M) on the biodegradation of rice straw in the rumen. Rice straw was pretreated in laboratory polyethylene 25 × 35 cm sterile bags with no additive control (Con), MA, and MA + M for 7, 15, 30, and 45 days, and then the efficacy of MA + M pretreatment was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. The scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy results showed that the MA or MA + M pretreatment altered the physical and chemical structure of rice straw. Meanwhile, the ruminal microbial attachment on the surface of rice straw was significantly increased after MA+M pretreatment. Furthermore, MA + M not only promoted rice straw fermentation in vitro but also improved digestibility by specifically inducing rumen colonization of Prevotellaceae_UCG-001, Butyrivibrio, and Succinimonas. Altogether, we concluded that microecological agents and molasses could be the best choices as a biological pretreatment for rice straw to enhance its nutritive value as a ruminant's feed.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 916195, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910632

RESUMO

A novel pre-treatment using corn steep liquor (CSL) and urea was developed to enhance the enzymatic saccharification and degradability of rice straw (RS). We used RS (1) without (Con) or with additives of (2) 5% urea (U), (3) 9% CSL and 2.5% urea (CU), and (4) 9% CSL and 5% urea (C5U). The result showed that the water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) conversion of RS reached 69.32% after C5U pre-treatment. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) confirmed that the surface of pre-treated RS exposed more cellulose and hemicellulose due to the disruption of the resistant structure of lignocellulose. Pre-treated RS significantly decreased neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) contents and increased crude protein (CP) content, microbial colonization, and induction of Carnobacterium and Staphylococcus attachment. Altogether, we concluded that pre-treatment of a combination of CSL and urea has the potential to improve the nutritive value of RS.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 922120, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912178

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation supported by third-party cord blood (haplo-cord-HSCT) results in rapid hematopoietic recovery, low incidences of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and relapse of hematologic malignancies. However, few reports on haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation supported by third-party cord blood (haplo-cord-PBSCT) have been published. To evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent haplo-cord-PBSCT or human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (MSD-PBSCT), we retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent haplo-cord-PBSCT (n = 93) or MSD-PBSCT (n = 72) in our hospital from March 2017 to December 2020. In the haplo-cord-PBSCT and MSD-PBSCT groups, the median time for neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 13 vs. 12 days (p = 0.07) and 16 vs. 13 days (p = 0.06), respectively. The 30-day cumulative incidences of neutrophil engraftment were 100.0% and 98.6% (p = 0.12). The 100-day cumulative incidences of platelet engraftment were 96.8% and 98.6% (p = 0.01). The 100-day cumulative incidences of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute GVHD were 29.1% vs. 23.6% (p = 0.42) and 9.7% vs. 4.2% (p = 0.18). The cumulative incidences of total and moderate/severe chronic GVHD at 1 year were 26.5% vs. 17.4% and 8.1% vs. 4.5%, respectively, and at 3 years were 34.7% vs. 34.3% (p = 0.60) and 13.6% vs. 10.6% (p = 0.49), respectively. The cumulative incidences of relapse at 1 year were 9.3% and 7.2% and at 3 years were 17.0% and 17.0% (p = 0.98). Non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 1 year was 14.6% and 8.6% and at 3 years was 17.4% and 8.6% (p = 0.13) in two groups. The probabilities of overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and GVHD-free/relapse-free survival (GRFS) at 1 year were 81.7% vs. 88.6%, 76.1% vs. 84.2%, and 71.7% vs. 79.7%, respectively, and at 3 years were 78.7% vs. 79.0%, 65.6% vs. 74.4%, and 55.5% vs. 63.6%, respectively, in the corresponding group, p > 0.05. In conclusion, for patients with acute myeloid leukemia/myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) and acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), haplo-cord-PBSCT results in similar outcomes compared with MSD-PBSCT, and it may be a valid alternative transplantation method.

19.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 224: 106982, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35797747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Disc degeneration has long been associated with excessive mechanical loading or acute disc injury. Our goal is to perform a shock load on the functional units of the cynomolgus monkey intervertebral disc and analyze the degree of degeneration of the intervertebral disc through image analysis and comprehensive analysis. The organ model establishes a standard organ culture model and a non-invasive biomechanical evaluation protocol close to the early degeneration of the human intervertebral disc. METHODS: After modeling, the cynomolgus monkey intervertebral discs were collected and loaded into the dynamic mechanical culture system. The physiological group was loaded with 10% high compressive deformation load for one second, the injury group was punctured with annulus fibrosus, the model group was loaded with 20-50% high compressive deformation, and the nutritional components were a high-glucose group and low-glucose group. After day 3 (short term) and day 10 (long term), samples were collected to analyze cell viability, histomorphology, image analysis for imaging and biomechanical changes. RESULTS: Both the injury group and the 30-50% strain model group showed signs of early degeneration, including decreased instantaneous compressive stiffness, percent change in gray value, decreased cell viability, AF fissure, and percent increase in dynamic elastic modulus. The glucose-restricted group also showed signs of early disc degeneration in long-term cultures. CONCLUSION: This study shows that a single shock load can induce early degeneration of healthy cynomolgus monkey intervertebral discs, and 30% strain may be the nociceptive threshold for early degeneration of healthy intervertebral discs. More importantly, a non-invasive biomechanical evaluation scheme of Percentage change in dynamic modulus of elasticity is established, which solves the key scientific problem of how to non-invasively, quantitatively and sensitively detect the development process of early intervertebral disc degeneration and its degree of degeneration in an in vitro organ model.

20.
Neurobiol Dis ; 172: 105834, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35905927

RESUMO

Synapse dysfunction and loss are central features of neurodegenerative diseases, caused in part by the accumulation of protein oligomers. Amyloid-ß, tau, prion, and α-synuclein oligomers bind to the cellular prion protein (PrPC), resulting in the activation of macromolecular complexes and signaling at the post-synapse, yet the early signaling events are unclear. Here we sought to determine the early transcript and protein alterations in the hippocampus during the pre-clinical stages of prion disease. We used a transcriptomic approach focused on the early-stage, prion-infected hippocampus of male wild-type mice, and identify immediate early genes, including the synaptic activity response gene, Arc/Arg3.1, as significantly upregulated. In a longitudinal study of male, prion-infected mice, Arc/Arg-3.1 protein was increased early (40% of the incubation period), and by mid-disease (pre-clinical), phosphorylated AMPA receptors (pGluA1-S845) were increased and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR5 dimers) were markedly reduced in the hippocampus. Notably, sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) post-mortem cortical samples also showed low levels of mGluR5 dimers. Together, these findings suggest that prions trigger an early Arc response, followed by an increase in phosphorylated GluA1 and a reduction in mGluR5 receptors.

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