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1.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620964868, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030047

RESUMO

To discuss the coagulation dysfunction in COVID-19 patients and to find new biomarkers to separate severe COVID-19 patients from mild ones. We use a retrospective analysis of 88 COVID-19 patients, and compare the coagulation function between severe and mild groups. We found the prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), D-dimer were significantly higher in the severe group (P < 0.05), and the highest area under the curve (AUC) is 0.91 for D-dimer, while the AUC of PT and TT were 0.80 and 0.61 respectively. We identified that D-dimer has a better value in predicting patients who are likely to develop into severe cases, with the sensitivity and specificity were 84.4% and 88.8%, respectively. D-dimer may be a good biomarker to separate the severe COVID-19 patients from the mild ones.

2.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040242

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd), a highly toxic heavy metal, is widespreadly distributed in the environment. Chronic exposure to Cd is associated with the development of several diseases including cancers. Over the decade, many researches have been carried on various models to examine the acute effects of Cd; yet, limited knowledge is known about the long-term Cd exposure, especially in the human lung cells. Previously, we showed that chronic Cd-exposed human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells exhibited transformed cell properties, such as anchorage-independent growth, augmented cell migration, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). To study these Cd-transformed cells more comprehensively, here, we further characterized their subproteomes. Overall, a total of 63 differentially expressed proteins between Cd-transformed and passage-matched control cells among the five subcellular fractions (cytoplasmic, membrane, nuclear-soluble, chromatin-bound, and cytoskeletal) were identified by mass spectrometric analysis and database searching. Interestingly, we found that the thiol protease ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase isozyme L1 (UCHL1) is one of the severely downregulated proteins in the Cd-transformed cells. Notably, the EMT phenotype of Cd-transformed cells can be suppressed by forced ectopic expression of UCHL1, suggesting UCHL1 as a crucial modulator in the maintenance of the proper differentiation status in lung epithelial cells. Since EMT is considered as a critical step during malignant cell transformation, finding novel cellular targets that can antagonize this transition may lead to more efficient strategies to inhibit cancer development. Our data report for the first time that UCHL1 may play a function in the suppression of EMT in Cd-transformed human lung epithelial cells, indicating that UCHL1 might be a new therapeutic target for chronic Cd-induced carcinogenesis. Graphical abstract.

3.
J Immunol Res ; 2020: 7165230, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029541

RESUMO

STAT3 is highly expressed in aGVHD CD4+ T cells and plays a critical role in inducing or worsening aGVHD. In our preceding studies, DNA hypomethylation in STAT3 promoter was shown to cause high expression of STAT3 in aGVHD CD4+ T cells, and the process could be modulated by HMGB1, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. TET2, AID, and TDG are indispensable in DNA demethylation; meanwhile, TET2 and AID also serve extremely important roles in immune response. So, we speculated these enzymes involved in the STAT3 promoter hypomethylation induced by HMGB1 in aGVHD CD4+ T cells. In this study, we found that the binding levels of TET2/AID/TDG to STAT3 promoter were remarkably increased in CD4+T cells from aGVHD patients and were significantly negatively correlated with the STAT3 promoter methylation level. Simultaneously, we revealed that HMGB1 could recruit TET2, AID, and TDG to form a complex in the STAT3 promoter region. Interference with the expression of TET2/AID/TDG inhibited the overexpression of STAT3 caused by HMGB1 downregulation of the STAT3 promoter DNA methylation. These data demonstrated a new molecular mechanism of how HMGB1 promoted the expression of STAT3 in CD4+ T cells from aGVHD patients.

4.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037394

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the balance between cell proliferation and cell death is a central feature of malignances. Death-associated protein kinase 3 (DAPK3) regulates programmed cell death including apoptosis and autophagy. Our previous study showed that DAPK3 downregulation was detected in more than half of gastric cancers (GCs), which was related to tumor invasion, metastasis, and poor prognosis. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying DAPK3-mediated tumor suppression remains unclear. Here, we showed that the tumor suppressive function of DAPK3 was dependent on autophagy process. Mass spectrometry, in vitro kinase assay, and immunoprecipitation revealed that DAPK3 increased ULK1 activity by direct ULK1 phosphorylation at Ser556. ULK1 phosphorylation by DAPK3 facilitates the ULK1 complex formation, the VPS34 complex activation, and autophagy induction upon starvation. The kinase activity of DAPK3 and ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation were required for DAPK3-modulated tumor suppression. The coordinate expression of DAPK3 with ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation was confirmed in clinical GC samples, and this co-expression was correlated with favorable survival outcomes in patients. Collectively, these findings indicate that the tumor-suppressor roles of DAPK3 in GC are associated with autophagy and that DAPK3 is a novel autophagy regulator, which can directly phosphorylate ULK1 and activate ULK1. Thus, DAPK3 might be a promising prognostic autophagy-associated marker.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020774

RESUMO

A clathrate tetrahedral DNA gel was assembled by combining tetrahedral DNA and rigid linker PCR products to achieve visible detection of Salmonella spp. This method overcame the shortcomings of AuNPs in coloration and enriched the use of tetrahedral DNA for the visible detection of virtually any target concerned with pathogens.

6.
Science ; 370(6512): 82-89, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004515

RESUMO

Knowledge of somatic mutation accumulation in normal cells, which is essential for understanding cancer development and evolution, remains largely lacking. In this study, we investigated somatic clonal events in morphologically normal human urothelium (MNU; epithelium lining the bladder and ureter) and identified macroscopic clonal expansions. Aristolochic acid (AA), a natural herb-derived compound, was a major mutagenic driving factor in MNU. AA drastically accelerates mutation accumulation and enhances clonal expansion. Mutations in MNU were widely observed in chromatin remodeling genes such as KMT2D and KDM6A but rarely in TP53, PIK3CA, and FGFR3 KMT2D mutations were found to be common in urothelial cells, regardless of whether the cells experience exogenous mutagen exposure. Copy number alterations were rare and largely confined to small-scale regions, along with copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity. Single AA-associated clones in MNU expanded to a scale of several square centimeters in size.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation (CA) is a recognized first-line treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) in selected patients; however, the differences between CA and antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in terms of long-term outcomes and quality of life (QoL) have not often been compared. OBJECTIVES: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare long-term outcomes and QoL with CA and AADs in the treatment of AF. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database for English-language RCTs of CA or AADs in AF from 1 January 2005 to 30 October 2019 with no other restrictions. We included studies that reported sample sizes and the long-term outcomes of interest as well as sample size, mean ± standard deviation or 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for QoL outcomes with CA and AADs. RESULTS: We identified 20 RCTs involving 5425 participants. Compared with patients who received only AADs, patients receiving CA had a significantly decreased risk of all-cause death (relative risk [RR] 0.72; 95% CI 0.58-0.90) and cardiovascular hospitalization (RR 0.85; 95% CI 0.79-0.91). We found a significant increase in the risk of cardiac tamponade (RR 5.86; 95% CI 1.77-19.44) but no difference in the risk of heart failure, stroke or transient ischemic attack, atrial tachycardia, bleeding or hematoma, and pulmonary vein stenosis. For long-term QoL after treatment, both therapies resulted in improved scores on the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36): weighted mean differences (WMDs) for the physical component score (PCS) were 5.89 for CA and 4.26 for AADs and for the mental component score (MCS) were 7.12 for CA and 5.06 for AADs. At the end of follow-up, groups receiving CA had significantly higher scores in both areas. The change in PCS and MCS between baseline and end of follow-up was also significantly higher in the CA groups: WMD 1.51 for change in PCS and 1.49 for change in MCS. All eight SF-36 subscale scores improved for patients receiving CA, whereas patients receiving AADs recorded no improvement in the general health and bodily pain subscales. At the end of follow-up, CA groups had significantly higher scores than AAD groups in the following subscales: physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health problems, bodily pain, general health, vitality, and role limitations due to emotional problems. CONCLUSIONS: In the treatment of AF, CA appeared to be superior to AADs, decreasing the risk of all-cause death and cardiovascular hospitalization and improving the long-term QoL of patients with AF. CA was better tolerated and more effective than pharmacological therapy and allowed for improved QoL.

9.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 75: 246-251, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971446

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several complications of intravenous administration of Methylprednisolone in spine surgery have been reported previously. However, perioperative Addisonian crisis resulting from postoperative routine cessation of intravenous Methylprednisolone has been rarely reported. We here report a case of perioperative Addisonian crisis induced by postoperative routine cessation of intravenous Methylprednisolone. PRESENTATION OF CASE: To report a 56-year-old lady was diagnosed with Addisonian crisis on postoperative duration of lumbar spine surgery after routine cessation of intravenous Methylprednisolone on postoperative day 5. DISCUSSION: There are potential risk and medical complexity of the intravenous administration of Methylprednisolone perioperatively when patients underwent spine surgery, especially the patients with a history of adrenal insufficiency or hypothyroidism, and other endocrine diseases. The early diagnosis and effective replacement therapy after cessation of intravenous glucocorticoid to keep normal serum hormone levels can reduce risk and complication of Addisonian crisis. CONCLUSION: Addisonian crisis may be triggered by the discontinuation of exogenous glucocorticoid. Physicians need to be immediately aware of this potentially lethal complication in patients with endocrine system diseases.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(18)2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916982

RESUMO

Vehicle re-identification plays an important role in cross-camera tracking and vehicle search in surveillance videos. Large variance in the appearance of the same vehicle captured by different cameras and high similarity of different vehicles with the same model poses challenges for vehicle re-identification. Most existing methods use a center proxy to represent a vehicle identity; however, the intra-class variance leads to great difficulty in fitting images of the same identity to one center feature and the images with high similarity belonging to different identities cannot be separated effectively. In this paper, we propose a sampling strategy considering different viewpoints and a multi-proxy constraint loss function which represents a class with multiple proxies to perform different constraints on images of the same vehicle from different viewpoints. Our proposed sampling strategy contributes to better mine samples corresponding to different proxies in a mini-batch using the camera information. The multi-proxy constraint loss function pulls the image towards the furthest proxy of the same class and pushes the image from the nearest proxy of different class further away, resulting in a larger margin between decision boundaries. Extensive experiments on two large-scale vehicle datasets (VeRi and VehicleID) demonstrate that our learned global features using a single-branch network outperforms previous works with more complicated network and those that further re-rank with spatio-temporal information. In addition, our method is easy to plug into other classification methods to improve the performance.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919703

RESUMO

Activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is known to promote protein synthesis by enhancing mRNA translation. However, there have been few literatures on the effect of mTOR on protein metabolism in non-mammals. The main source of ammonia in fish comes from protein catabolism. The key step of protein catabolism involves the deamination and/or transamination of amino acids. This study is aimed to explore the mechanism underlying mTOR pathway influencing protein retention from the perspective of protein catabolism. Chinese perch were fasted for 24 h and divided into 4 groups randomly before intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection: (1) control group for leucine; (2) leucine group; (3) control group for leucine and rapamycin; (4) leucine and rapamycin group. Food intake was equivalent between each control and treatment groups at each time point (0.5, 4, 12 and 24 h post-injection). Ammonia-N excretion rate, blood glucose, S6 phosphorylation level, and expression of relative genes of protein catabolism (GDH, AMPD, AST, ALT) were determined. The results indicated that the pS6 level was increased, and that the ammonia-N excretion rate, blood glucose, and mRNA level of protein catabolism genes (GDH and AMPD) were significantly decreased after injection with leucine, while those changes were reversed after injection with leucine and rapamycin. Our study not only reveals the mechanism by which mTOR mediates protein synthesis by inhibiting protein catabolism in Chinese perch, but also provides reference for improving the utilization of feed protein.

12.
J Diabetes Complications ; : 107712, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the association of the ratio of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C/HDL-C) and its dynamic changes with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 11,487 nondiabetic participants ≥18 years old in rural China were recruited in 2007-2008 and followed up in 2013-2014. A Cox proportional-hazards model was used to assess the risk of incident T2DM by quartiles of baseline non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio and dynamic absolute and relative changes in non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio, estimating hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Risk of incident T2DM was increased with quartiles 2, 3, and 4 versus quartile 1 of baseline non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio (HR 1.46 [95% CI 1.08-1.98], 1.51 [1.12-2.03], and 2.16 [1.62-2.88], Ptrend < 0.001). As compared with stable non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio during follow-up, an absolute gain in non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio was associated with increased risk of T2DM (HR 1.67 [95% CI 1.25-2.24] for quartile 3 and 2.00 [1.52-2.61] for quartile 4). A relative increase in non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio was also associated with increased risk of T2DM (HR 1.56 [95% CI 1.19-2.04] for quartile 3 and 1.97 [1.49-2.60] for quartile 4). Subgroup analyses showed that the association of non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio with T2DM risk remained consistent. CONCLUSIONS: Increased non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio is associated with increased risk of incident T2DM among rural Chinese adults, so the index may be an important indicator for identifying individuals at T2DM risk.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965543

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Tumor budding (TB) is reported to predict nodal involvement and recurrence in multiple human malignancies. However, it is not clear how TB forms. The purpose of this study is to find markers related to TB formation in gastric cancer and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: TB was scored on hematoxylin-eosin staining slides in 122 gastric cancer cases. Immunostaining score of CREB1, GAGE12I, CTNND1, KIF26B and ZBTB7A both at the invasive front and in the center of the tumor were assigned to each case. Spearman's correlation with the TB score was performed to find the TB-related markers. In vitro study and RNA-seq using gastric cancer cell lines were done to unveil the mechanisms. RESULTS: TB could predict lymph node metastasis and is negatively associated with overall survival of the patients. The expression of ZBTB7A in the invasive front, rather than the other four markers, was much higher than that in the tumor center and was positively correlated with TB score. ZBTB7A could enhance migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells in vitro. RNA-seq data followed by RT-qPCR and western blot verification demonstrated the activation of EGFR-MAPK-ERK and PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathways and increased expression of EMT related markers upon ZBTB7A over-expression. CONCLUSION: Higher ZBTB7A expression in the tumor margin may contribute to the dissociation of tumor cells from the tumor mass to form TB by initiating EMT via EGFR-MEK-ERK and PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway.

14.
Int J Mol Med ; 46(4): 1301-1310, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945353

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to have important regulatory roles in the progression of several types of cancer, including cervical cancer (CC). However, the biological roles and regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs in CC remain to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine the functions of miRNAs in CC and the possible mechanisms. Using a microarray, it was identified that miRNA­15a­5p (miR­15a­5p) was one of the most downregulated miRNAs in CC tissues compared with adjacent noncancerous tissues. The low expression of miR­15a­5p was observed in CC tumor tissues with distant metastasis and in CC cell lines. In addition, the effects of miR­15a­5p upregulation on cell viability, apoptosis, invasion and migration of CC cells were investigated using CCK­8, flow cytometry, Transwell and wound healing assays, respectively. It was demonstrated that upregulation of miR­15a­5p significantly suppressed the viability, migration and invasion, and promoted the apoptosis of SiHa and C­33A cells. Furthermore, yes­associated protein 1 (YAP1), a well­known oncogene, was confirmed to be directly targeted by miR­15a­5p and was found to be negatively regulated by miR­15a­5p. Further correlation analysis indicated that miR­15a­5p expression was negatively correlated with YAP1 expression in CC tissues. Notably, overexpression of YAP1 abrogated the tumor suppressive effects of miR­15a­5p in CC cells. Taken together, these present findings indicated that the miR­15a­5p/YAP1 axis may provide a novel strategy for the clinical treatment of CC.

15.
Hypertension ; 76(5): 1589-1599, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921193

RESUMO

Alteration in microbiota composition of respiratory tract has been reported in the progression of many chronic lung diseases, yet, the correlation and causal link between respiratory tract microbiota and the disease development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) remain largely unknown. This study aims to define and compare the respiratory microbiota composition in pharyngeal swab samples between patients with PH and reference subjects. A total of 118 patients with PH and 79 reference subjects were recruited, and the pharyngeal swab samples were collected to sequence the 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) V3-V4 region of respiratory microbiome. The relative abundances in patients with PH were profoundly different from reference subjects. The Ace and Sobs indexes indicated that the microbiota richness of pharynx value is significantly higher; while the community diversity value is markedly lower in patients with PH, comparing to those of the reference subjects. The microbiota on pharynx showed a different profile between the 2 groups by principal component analysis. The linear discriminant analysis effect size also revealed a significantly higher proportion of Streptococcus, Lautropia, and Ralstonia in patients with PH than reference subjects. The linear discriminant analysis effect size output, which represents the microbial gene functions, suggest genes related to bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, bacterial toxins were enhanced, while genes related to energy metabolism, protein digestion and absorption, and cell division pathways were attenuated in patients with PH versus reference subjects. In summary, our study reports the first systematic definition and divergent profile of the upper respiratory tract microbiota between patients with PH and reference subjects.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939872

RESUMO

AIM: Recently, microRNA-149 (miR-149) has been indicated to act as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor in various malignant tumors, while its inner mechanisms in recurrent miscarriage (RM) are still in infancy. Therein, this study intends to decode the mechanism of miR-149 in RM. METHODS: miR-149 and RUNX2 expression in the chorionic tissues of normal pregnant women and RM patients were first examined, and the correlation between miR-149 and RUNX2 was analyzed. Subsequently, miR-149 was upregulated in HTR-8 cells or downregulated in BEWO cells, and then the changes in biological functions of trophoblasts in RM were detected. Furthermore, the expression of PTEN/Akt signaling pathway-related factors in trophoblasts was detected by western blot analysis. RESULTS: miR-149 expression was increased while RUNX2 expression was suppressed in RM patients, and miR-149 was negatively correlated with RUNX2. Overexpressed miR-149 induced cell apoptosis and inhibited cell activity, while reduced miR-149 in trophoblasts contributed to opposite experimental results. Moreover, miR-149 promoted the expression of PTEN and inhibited Akt phosphorylation by targeting RUNX2, thereby inhibiting trophoblast activity and promoting their apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that miR-149 knockdown halted the RM development through upregulating RUNX2 and activation of the PTEN/Akt signaling pathway.

17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4637, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934226

RESUMO

An association between schizophrenia and subsequent breast cancer has been suggested; however the risk of schizophrenia following a breast cancer is unknown. Moreover, the driving forces of the link are largely unclear. Here, we report the phenotypic and genetic positive associations of schizophrenia with breast cancer and vice versa, based on a Swedish population-based cohort and GWAS data from international consortia. We observe a genetic correlation of 0.14 (95% CI 0.09-0.19) and identify a shared locus at 19p13 (GATAD2A) associated with risks of breast cancer and schizophrenia. The epidemiological bidirectional association between breast cancer and schizophrenia may partly be explained by the genetic overlap between the two phenotypes and, hence, shared biological mechanisms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Fatores de Transcrição GATA/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Idoso , Cromossomos Humanos Par 19/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Suécia
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(40): 11144-11150, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876450

RESUMO

Most chemotherapeutics are hydrophobic molecules and need to be converted into hydrophilic formulations before administration. To address this issue, a novel cyclodextrin-based nanoparticle was proposed as a versatile carrier for cellular delivery of hydrophobic molecules. First, the effect of the polylysine (PL)/NH2-ß-cyclodextrin (NH2-ß-CD) ratio on particle size and encapsulation efficiency in prepared complexes was investigated. Subsequently, transmission electron microscopy images showed that the sizes of PL/NH2-ß-CD nanoparticles ranging from 10 to 260 nm decreased with the reduction in the PL/NH2-ß-CD ratio, which was completely consistent with the findings of size distributions. At a PL/NH2-ß-CD ratio of 10, the surface charge on the PL/NH2-ß-CD nanoparticle was maximized at (+52.8 mV), and encapsulation efficiency was optimal (47.2%), which revealed a great advantage in delivery of hydrophobic allicin. In addition, the positive charge of PL chains facilitated the cellular uptake of the PL/NH2-ß-CD-DOX by interacting with the negatively charged cell membrane. Conclusively, this study suggests that the combination of allicin and PL/NH2-ß-CD nanoparticles acting on the S and G2/M phases in cell cycle regulation induces apoptosis and exhibits substantial application in killing cancer cells.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To characterize serum microRNA (miR) and the miR interactome of active RA patients in RA aetiology and pathogenesis. METHODS: The differentially expressed miRs (DEmiRs) in serum of naïve active RA patients (NARAPs, n = 9, into three pools) vs healthy controls (HCs, n = 15, into five pools) were identified with Agilent human miR microarray analysis. Candidate driver genes in epigenetic and pathogenic signalling pathway modules for RA were analysed using miRTarBase and a molecular complex detection algorithm. The interactome of these DEmiRs in RA pathogenesis were further characterized with gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes. RESULTS: Three upregulated DEmiRs (hsa-miR-187-5p, -4532, -4516) and eight downregulated DEmiRs (hsa-miR-125a-3p, -575, -191-3p, -6865-3p, -197-3p, -6886-3p, -1237-3p, -4436b-5p) were identified in NARAPs. Interactomic analysis from heterogeneous experimentally validated sources yielded 1719 miR-target interactions containing 5.67% strong and 94.33% less strong experimental evidence. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes analyses allocated the upregulated DEmiRs in the infection modules and the downregulated DEmiRs in the immune signalling pathways. Specifically, these DEmiRs revealed the significant contributions of the intestinal microbiome dysbiosis in the infection-inflammation-immune network for activation of T cells, immune pathways of IL-17, Toll-like receptor, TNF, Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription, osteoclast cell differentiation pathway and IgA production to the active RA pathogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our experiment-based interactomic study of DEmiRs in serum of NARAPs revealed novel clinically relevant miRs interactomes in the infection-inflammation-immune network of RA. These results provide valuable resources for understanding the integrated function of the miR network in RA pathogenesis and the application of circulating miRs as biomarkers for early aetiologic RA diagnosis.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876427

RESUMO

Cubic N,S codoped carbon coating MnS-FeS2 composites (MnS-FeS2@NSC) with a hollow structure were prepared and used as anode materials for sodium-ion batteries. MnS-FeS2@NSC exhibits excellent cycle performance and high rate capability and delivered a reversible capacity of 501.0 mAh g-1 after 800 cycles at a current density of 0.1 A g-1 with a capacity retention of 81%. More importantly, the MnS-FeS2@NSC anode holds long-term cycle stability; the capacity can remain 134.0 mAh g-1 after 14 500 cycles at 4 A g-1. Kinetic analysis demonstrated that Na+ storage follows a pseudocapacitive dominating process, which is ascribed to the origin of the outstanding rate performance of the MnS-FeS2@NSC material. The enhancement of electrochemical performance is attributed to the hollow structure and the N,S codoped carbon coating structure, which can reduce the diffusion distance for sodium ions and electrons, alleviate volume expansion during sodium-ion insertion/extraction, and retain the structural integrity effectively. Furthermore, a two-step sodiation processes with FeS2 sodiation prior to MnS was demonstrated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) spectra might indicate that the accumulation of the metallic elements in the preconversion reaction can accelerate the transfer of electrons and ions in the further conversion process.

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