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1.
Nanotechnology ; 31(4): 045403, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604342

RESUMO

A high-performance supercapacitor electrode NiCo2S4 (NCS) nanosheet on SiO2@C core-shell nanospheres (SiO2@C-NCS nanocomposite) is prepared via simple an effective solution-based method. Benefiting from compositional and structural advantages, the as-prepared SiO2@C-NCS nanocomposite exhibits a high specific capacitance (625 F g-1 at 1 mA cm-2) and a stable cycling performance. An asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) assembled with SiO2@C-NCS nanocomposite as a positive electrode and carbon nanotube paper as a negative electrode in aqueous KOH solution demonstrated a high energy density of 16 Wh kg-1 at an ultra-high specific power of 7200 W kg-1. These promising results suggest the possible application of mixed transition metal sulfides-based composites as advanced electrode materials for high-performance ASCs.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate pharmacist interventions in the cancer pain management of hospitalized patients, focusing on a clinically meaningful change in drug-related problems and pain score. METHODS: A retrospective data analysis was performed at a single academic comprehensive cancer center. Hospitalized patients with moderate to severe pain who had already received analgesic medication for at least 3 consecutive days were included. For patients who met the criteria for admission, a pharmacist followed up daily during hospitalization and evaluated the patient during pre- (first) and postintervention (second, third, and fourth) visits. Medication problems, medication changes, and changes in pain scores were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 195 patients were included in the study. The pharmacist identified 12 types of pharmacotherapeutic drug-related problems. The top 3 problems were nonadherence or missed doses (27.69%), inappropriate opioid selection (22.56%), and inappropriate dosage (16.41%). After the intervention of pharmacists, these drug-related problems decreased by 74.54% on average. Across all visits, the changes in pain scores (mean ± SD: 2.80 ± 1.92 vs. 1.90 ± 1.58, P < 0.05) and the number of patients with mild (172 vs. 128, P < 0.05), moderate (58 vs. 21, P < 0.05), and severe pain (9 vs. 2, P < 0.05) indicated a marked decrease in patients' pain levels after the inclusion of pharmacist in the cancer pain multidisciplinary management team (CPMMT). CONCLUSION: Participation by the pharmacist in the CPMMT led to a marked reduction in most of the drug-related problems and a statistically significant change in pain score during the 4 visits, indicating that pharmacists play an active role in CPMMT.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701733

RESUMO

Inducing immunogenic cell death (ICD) that enhances the immunogenicity of dead cancer cells is a new strategy for tumor immunotherapy, but efficiently triggering ICD is the biggest obstacle to achieving this strategy, especially for distant and deep-seated tumors. Here, a new therapeutic system (Pd-Dox@TGMs NPs) that can effectively trigger ICD by combining chemotherapy and photothermal therapy was designed. The nanosystem was fabricated by integrating doxorubicin (Dox) and a photothermal reagent palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) into amphiphile triglycerol monostearates (TGMs), which showed specific accumulation, deep penetration, and activation in response to the tumoral enzymatic microenvironment. It was proved that codelivery of Dox and Pd NPs not only effectively killed CT26 cells through chemotherapy and photothermal therapy but also promoted the release of dangerous signaling molecules, such as high mobility group box 1, calreticulin, and adenosine triphosphate, improving the immunogenicity of dead tumor cells. The effective ICD induction mediated by Pd-Dox@TGMs NPs boosted the PD-L1 checkpoint blockade effect, which efficiently improved the infiltration of toxic T lymphocytes at the tumor site and showed excellent tumor treatment effects to both primary and abscopal tumors. Therefore, this work provides a simple and effective immunotherapeutic strategy by combining chemical-photothermal therapy to enhance immune response.

4.
Mar Genomics ; : 100719, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680055

RESUMO

The Acinetobacter baumanni J1 isolated from surface water of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, demonstrated significant algicidal activity on the algae Alexandrium tamarense. Interestingly, this strain showed the ability to produce an acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) quorum sensing molecule. To better understand its AHL producing mechanism and its ecological functions, the genome of A. baumanni strain J1 was completely sequenced. The genome contained a circular chromosome of 3,948,465 bp with an average GC content of 39.9 mol%. A total of 3707 protein coding genes, 41 tRNA genes and 16 rRNA genes were obtained. In silico genome annotation identified a LuxI putative gene located on contig 4. Subsequent thin-layer chromatography analysis indicated that C8-AHL could be produced by A. baumanni J1, which confirmed the authenticity of the LuxI gene. Taken together, this work describes an algicidal bacterium that is capable of producing an AHL molecule, which may represent a valuable tool for developing microbial methods to control harmful algae.

5.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2242, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681258

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.02047.].

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(21)2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653012

RESUMO

This paper addresses the problem of flexible and accurate global calibration for multiple non-overlapping vision sensors in a confined workspace. Instead of using an auxiliary calibration pattern, the proposed method uses one laser tracker and only its accessory target sphere to obtain all the 3D calibration points and then accomplish the initial estimation of pose between the vision sensors. Then, the 3D calibration points and the extrinsic parameters between vision sensors are further optimized via the bundle adjustment algorithm based on the distance and reprojection constraints. Experiments were conducted to validate the performance and the experimental results demonstrate that the distance error can be decreased from 3.5 mm to 0.8 mm after introducing the distance and reprojection constraints.

7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15322, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653907

RESUMO

In this paper, deep back propagation neural networks (DBP-NNs) and radial basis function neural networks (RBF-NNs) are employed to predict the dispersion relations (DRs) of one-dimensional (1D) phononic crystals (PCs). The data sets generated by transfer matrix method (TMM) are used to train the NNs and detect their prediction accuracy. In our work, filling fractions, mass density ratios and shear modulus ratios of PCs are considered as the input values of NNs. The results show that both the DBP-NNs and the RBF-NNs exhibit good performances in predicting the DRs of PCs. For one-parameter prediction, the RBF-NNs have shorter training time and remarkable prediction accuracy, for two- and three-parameter prediction, the DBP-NNs have more stable performance. The present work confirms the feasibility of predicting the DRs of PCs by NNs, and provides a useful reference for the application of NNs in the design of PCs and metamaterials.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628626

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, non-motile, asporogenous, aerobic and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated ZY113T, was isolated from the surface of a marine red alga collected from the coast in Weihai, Shandong Province, China. Strain ZY113T was found to grow at 4-37 °C (optimum at 28-30 °C), with 1.0-7.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2.0-3.0%) and at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum 7.0-8.0). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain ZY113T is a member of the genus Polaribacter, with Polaribacter dokdonensis KCTC 12392T as a close relative (97.4% similarity). The sole respiratory quinone was found to be menaquinone 6 (MK-6) and the major fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 3-OH and iso-C13:0. The polar lipids were found to consist of phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 30.1 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analysis, strain ZY113T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Polaribacter, for which the name Polaribacter aquimarinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ZY113T (= KCTC 62374T = MCCC 1H00296T).

10.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223970, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647827

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Child emotional or behavioral problems and insufficient social development has been a heavy burden on family and society. However, currently large-scale studies on emotional and behavioral problems as well as social competence among school children in China are still lacking. This cross-sectional study analyzed the current status and risk factors of behavioral problems and social competences in Beijing students. METHOD: A total of 9,295 students, with ages ranging from 6 to 16 years old, were enrolled in the study. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used to screen emotional and behavioral problems, social competences of students. We then assessed significant predictors factors associated with children behavioral problems and social competences. RESULTS: The total detection rate of behavioral problems of this cohort was 16.7%. All kinds of social competence scores of boys were lower than girls (P <0.05). The scores of social and learning ability in children with behavioral problems were significantly lower than those without behavior problems (P <0.05). Gender, developmental delay, recent life events, negative relationships and negative child-rearing styles were the shared influencing factors for behavioral problems and social competence. In addition, age, macrosomia, threatened abortion, hospitalization for physical illness, physical illness, poor sleep were independent risk factors for children's emotional and behavioral problems, and non-breastfeeding was an independent risk factor for abnormal social competence. CONCLUSION: The social competence, emotional and behavioral problems are serious among students in Beijing. More attention should be paid to mental health and effective intervention measures should be provided.

11.
J Hypertens ; 37(12): 2354-2360, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether hypertriglyceridemic waist-to-height ratio (HWHtR) and its dynamic status was associated with hypertension (HTN). METHODS: We examined data for 10 312 nonhypertensive participants aged at least 18 years from the Rural Chinese Cohort Study at the baseline examination who were followed until 2014 with a median follow-up of 6 years. HWHtR was defined by combined triglyceride level and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine the probability of incident HTN according to HWHtR and its transformation, estimating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A total of 127 men and 225 women with high triglyceride level and high WHtR (HTHWH) had incident HTN during follow-up. After adjusting for potential confounders, the probability of HTN was increased with HTHWH for men [OR 1.49 (95% CI 1.01-2.20)] but this association was not significant for women [1.21 (0.88-1.66)]. The results of the sensitivity analyses were robust for men and women. The ORs were generally consistent on subgroup analysis by age,BMI, SBP and DBP for men. As compared with persistent normal triglyceride level and normal WHtR (NTNWH), the transformation from baseline NTNWH to follow-up HTHWH was associated with increased probability of HTN for men [OR 4.16 (95% CI 2.21-7.84)]. However, for women, the association of changed HWHtR from baseline to follow-up with probability of HTN was not significant for almost all transformation groups. CONCLUSION: HWHtR and its dynamic status was associated with incident HTN for rural Chinese men. From this cohort study, HWHtR may be an indicator for interventions aiming to reduce HTN among these men.

12.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(4): 382-387, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dynamic expression of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) and explore their roles in the progression of hepatic fibrosis induced by Schistosoma japonicum infection. METHODS: Fifty female mice of the ICR strain were randomly divided into the infection group and the normal control group, of 25 mice in each group. Each mouse in the infection group was infected with 20 ± 1 cercariae of S. japonicum via the abdominal skin, while uninfected animals served as normal control. Five mice were sacrificed 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks post-infection and liver tissues were sampled. Serum HSP47 and TGF-ß1 was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes of liver specimens were observed with hematoxylin & eosin (HE) staining. In addition, the synthesis of alpha 1 chain of type I collagen (COL1A1) was measured using Masson staining, and the mRNA expression of TGF-ß1, HSP47 and COL1A1 was determined using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. RESULTS: During the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis, the serum HSP47 and TGF-ß1 levels and the mRNA expression of TGF - ß1, HSP47 and COL1A1 gradually increased with the progression of hepatic fibrosis. The serum levels of HSP47 and TGF-ß1 were (179.26 ± 29.87) pg/mL and (22.37 ± 5.21) ng/mL 6 weeks post-infection, respectively, which were significantly greater than those [(150.29 ± 34.91) pg/mL and (18.54 ± 7.78) ng/mL, respectively] in the normal control group (both P values < 0.05). In addition, the mRNA expression of HSP47, COL1A1 and TGF-ß1 was (0.86 ± 0.04), (1.17 ± 0.06) and (0.64 ± 0.13) in mouse liver specimens, which was significantly higher than that (0.23 ± 0.03, 0.20 ± 0.02 and 0.38 ± 0.02) in the normal control group (all P values < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of TGF-ß1 and HSP47 during the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis is consistent with the progression of the hepatic fibrosis, and exhibits the same tendency with type I collagen expression. HSP47 is a novel promising diagnosis marker and therapeutic target for S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47 , Cirrose Hepática , Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Distribuição Aleatória , Esquistossomose Japônica/complicações , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
13.
Food Chem Toxicol ; : 110881, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622731

RESUMO

Dietary peptide has been of great interest because of its perspective in nutrition and health of human body. The aim of this study was to develop a dietary nutritional supplement exerting both antioxidant and anti-aging effects. Peptide, named as ERJ-CP, was prepared by mixing enzyme-treated royal jelly (ERJ) with collagen peptide (CP), showing stronger antioxidant activity in vitro. Drosophila was used as model animal to investigate anti-aging effect of ERJ-CP in vivo. ERJ-CP significantly prolonged the average life span of Drosophila treated with H2O2 and paraquat, reducing malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PCO) levels in Drosophila. In addition, 3 mg/mL of ERJ-CP could prolong the lifespan of natural aging Drosophila by 11.16%. ERJ-CP could up-regulate the levels of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT) and down-regulate the contents of MDA and PCO. Moreover, the intake of ERJ-CP increased the food consumption, weight gain and exercise capacity of Drosophila. The results showed that ERJ-CP played a protective role in both antioxidant and anti-aging effects on Drosophila, and the anti-aging effect may be achieved by alleviating oxidative damage. It suggests that ERJ-CP could be developed as a health-promoting ingredient with antioxidant and anti-aging effects for human body.

14.
Chem Biodivers ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573145

RESUMO

The ginger extract obtained with supercritical CO2 fluid was purified by molecular distillation (MD), and the chemical compositions, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of ginger extract and its distillates were investigated. Analysis revealed that the ginger extract was rich in terpene hydrocarbons, along with oxygenated terpenes and other non-volatile compounds. The MD distillates were prepared in a series of stages and the active compounds like terpenes and gingerols could be separated by MD. The major compounds of the distillates purified by MD at 40 °C, 80 Pa and 60 °C, 80 Pa were terpene hydrocarbons. Additional distillates obtained by MD at 80 °C, 80 Pa and 100 °C, 60 Pa were predominated by terpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated terpenes. Until the operating conditions of MD reached 150 °C and 2 Pa, some non-volatile compounds were concentrated in the final distillate. Moreover, antioxidant activities and the cytotoxic effects on three human cancer cells in final MD distillate were superior to other extracts, and this phenomenon could be mainly supported by the phenols. The MD could be used to prepare ginger distillates with better antioxidant and cytotoxic activities.

15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(42): 21274-21284, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575745

RESUMO

Plasmodesmata (PD) are plant-specific membrane-lined channels that create cytoplasmic and membrane continuities between adjacent cells, thereby facilitating cell-cell communication and virus movement. Plant cells have evolved diverse mechanisms to regulate PD plasticity in response to numerous environmental stimuli. In particular, during defense against plant pathogens, the defense hormone, salicylic acid (SA), plays a crucial role in the regulation of PD permeability in a callose-dependent manner. Here, we uncover a mechanism by which plants restrict the spreading of virus and PD cargoes using SA signaling by increasing lipid order and closure of PD. We showed that exogenous SA application triggered the compartmentalization of lipid raft nanodomains through a modulation of the lipid raft-regulatory protein, Remorin (REM). Genetic studies, superresolution imaging, and transmission electron microscopy observation together demonstrated that Arabidopsis REM1.2 and REM1.3 are crucial for plasma membrane nanodomain assembly to control PD aperture and functionality. In addition, we also found that a 14-3-3 epsilon protein modulates REM clustering and membrane nanodomain compartmentalization through its direct interaction with REM proteins. This study unveils a molecular mechanism by which the key plant defense hormone, SA, triggers membrane lipid nanodomain reorganization, thereby regulating PD closure to impede virus spreading.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650352

RESUMO

The following review highlights pH shock, a novel environmental factor, as a tool for the improvement of fermentation production. The aim of this review is to introduce some recent original studies on the enhancement of microbial fermentation production by pH shock. Another purpose of this review is to improve the understanding of the processes that underlie physiological and genetic differences, which will facilitate future research on the improvement of fermentation production and reveal the associated molecular mechanisms. This understanding will simultaneously promote the application of this strategy to other microbial fermentation systems. Furthermore, improvement of the cellular tolerance of genetically engineered bacteria can also be a new field of research in the future to enhance fermentation production.

17.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625721

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a clinical cancer treatment modality based on the induction of therapeutic reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can trigger immunogenic cell death (ICD). With the aim of simultaneously improving both PDT-mediated intracellular ROS production and ICD levels, we designed a serum albumin (SA)-coated boehmite ("B"; aluminum hydroxide oxide) organic-inorganic scaffold that could be loaded with chlorin e6 (Ce6), a photosensitizer, and a honey bee venom melittin (MLT) peptide, denoted Ce6/MLT@SAB. Ce6/MLT@SAB was anchored by a boehmite nanorod structure and exhibited particle size of approximately 180 nm. Ce6/MLT@SAB could significantly reduce hemolysis relative to that of free MLT, while providing MLT-enhanced PDT antitumor effects in vitro. Compared with Ce6@SAB, Ce6/MLT@SAB improved Ce6 penetration of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo, thereby providing enhanced intracellular ROS generation with 660 nm light treatment. Following phototreatment, Ce6/MLT@SAB-treated cells displayed significantly improved levels of ICD and abilities to activate dendritic cells. In the absence of laser irradiation, multidose injection of Ce6/MLT@SAB could delay the growth of subcutaneous murine tumors by more than 60%, compared to controls. When combined with laser irradiation, a single injection and phototreatment with Ce6/MLT@SAB eradicated one-third of subcutaneous tumors in treated mice. The addition of an immune checkpoint blockade to Ce6/MLT@SAB phototreatment further augmented antitumor effects, generating increased numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in tumors with concomitant reduction of myeloid-derived suppressor cells.

18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4767, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628345

RESUMO

Directly harvesting solar energy for battery charging represents an ultimate solution toward low-cost, green, efficient and sustainable electrochemical energy storage. Here, we design a sunlight promotion strategy into rechargeable zinc-air battery with significantly reduced charging potential below the theoretical cell voltage of zinc-air batteries. The sunlight-promoted zinc-air battery using BiVO4 or α-Fe2O3 air photoelectrode achieves a record-low charge potential of ~1.20 and ~1.43 V, respectively, under illumination, which is lowered by ~0.5-0.8 V compared to the typical charge voltage of ~2 V in conventional zinc-air battery. The band structure and photoelectrochemical stability of photoelectrodes are found to be key factors determining the charging performance of sunlight-promoted zinc-air batteries. The introduction of photoelectrode as an air electrode opens a facile way for developing integrated single-unit zinc-air batteries that can efficiently use solar energy to overcome the high charging overpotential of conventional zinc-air batteries.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the sex-specific association of height and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in rural Chinese adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 17,263 participants (10,448 women) ≥18 years old were randomly enrolled during 2007-2008 and followed up during 2013-2014. Sex-specific hazard ratios (HRs) for the height-mortality association, assessed in quintiles or 5 cm increments, were calculated by Cox proportional-hazards models. For both men and women, tall participants showed a baseline prevalence of high levels of socioeconomic factors including income and education but low systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol level. During a median of 6.01 years of follow-up, 620 men (in 39,993.45 person-years) and 490 women (in 61,590.10 person-years) died. With increasing height, the risk of all-cause mortality decreased in a curvilinear trend after adjustment for baseline age, socioeconomic and behavioral factors, and anthropometric and laboratory measurements. For men, height was inversely associated with all-cause mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.83-0.96) and cardiovascular mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.72-0.91). For women, height was inversely associated with all-cause mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.81-0.96) and other mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.71-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated a sex-specific inverse effect of height on mortality from different major causes in rural Chinese adults.

20.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-6, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580185

RESUMO

Purpose: To summarize the prognostic factors of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis (CMVR) in HIV-negative patients treated with multiple intravitreal injections (IVs) of ganciclovir. Methods: A retrospective cohort study (70 eyes) was conducted. Clinical signs, initial and final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), initial aqueous load of CMV DNA, course of treatment, and occurrence of complications were recorded and analyzed. Results: A positive correlation was found between the baseline and the final best corrected visual acuity (P < .001) and between the initial aqueous CMV DNA load and the number of IVs (P = .01). A lesion close to the posterior pole (P < .001) and a larger retinal lesion (P = .002) remarkably led to worse visual prognosis. Conclusions: Poor visual prognosis was significantly associated with poor initial visual acuity, proximity of lesion to the posterior pole, and an extensive CMV lesion. The treatment duration was positively correlated with the initial aqueous CMV DNA load.

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