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1.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in the world. AIMS: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to investigate the changes in the incidence, treatment patterns, and outcomes of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in octogenarians and older from 1995 to 2015. METHODS: Using the SEER database, we identified patients ≥ 80 years stage I-IIa NSCLC diagnosed from 1995 to 2015. Changes in the treatment patterns, incidence and proportion, and survival were assessed by years of diagnosis. RESULTS: In total, 25,394 patients were identified. The incidence number sharply increased from 260 in 1995 to 2120 in 2015. There was a tremendous increase in the proportion who underwent radiotherapy from 22.7% in 1995 to 50% in 2015 (P < 0.0001), with a corresponding decrease in surgical treatment, from 50 to 28.6% (P < 0.0001). The 2-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) improved for patients treated with radiation alone and relatively subtly for those who received surgery alone. CONCLUSION: At present, RT has replaced surgery as the most commonly used modality in early-stage NSCLC in patients ≥ 80 years in the United States. An improvement was observed in CSS and OS for patients treated with definitive RT and surgery.

2.
J Appl Genet ; 2020 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248406

RESUMO

Triticum boeoticum (2n = 2x = 14, AbAb) contains beneficial traits for common wheat improvement. The discrimination of Ab-genome chromosomes from A-genome chromosomes is an important step in gene transfer from T. boeoticum to common wheat. In this study, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis using nine oligonucleotide probes revealed high divergence between chromosomes of the common wheat germplasm Crocus and T. boeoticum accession G52. The combination of Oligo-pTa535-HM and Oligo-pSc119.2-HM can differentiate Ab and A chromosomes within homologous groups 2, 4, 5, and 6; chromosomes 2Ab and 6Ab can be identified by using (ACT)7, (CTT)7, and (GAA)7. The probes Oligo-pTa713 and (ACT)7 can be utilized for the identification of chromosomes 1Ab and 3Ab, respectively. Probes (CAG)7 and (CAC)7 can be applied in the identification of 7Ab. Moreover, probe combinations consisting of Oligo-pTa535-HM and (AAC)7 with (ACT)7 or (CTT)7 and of Oligo-pTa535-HM and Oligo-pTa713 with (CAC)7 or (CTT)7 will help discriminate the Ab-genome chromosomes of T. boeoticum. These probes are being used as potential markers to select common wheat Crocus-T. boeoticum G52 alien chromosome lines. Moreover, FISH patterns are highly divergent between Ab- and A-genome chromosomes, indicating that obvious chromosome structural variations arose during wheat evolution.

3.
Clin Chim Acta ; 506: 172-175, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229107

RESUMO

We report the dynamic change process of target genes by RT-PCR testing of SARS-Cov-2 during the course of a COVID-19 patient: from successive negative results to successive single positive nucleocapsid gene, to two positive target genes (orf1ab and nucleocapsid) by RT-PCR testing of SARS-Cov-2, and describe the diagnosis, clinical course, and management of the case. In this case, negative results of RT-PCR testing was not excluded to diagnose a suspected COVID-19 patient, clinical signs and symptoms, other laboratory findings, and chest CT images should be taken into account for the absence of enough positive evidence. This case highlights the importance of successive sampling and testing SARS-Cov-2 by RT-PCR as well as the increased value of single positive target gene from pending to positive in two specimens to diagnose laboratory-confirmed COVID-19.

4.
Zootaxa ; 4743(3): zootaxa.4743.3.6, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230325

RESUMO

The species of the genus Aspicolpus Wesmael, 1838 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Brachistinae) from China are revised. Four new species, namely A. clypeconcavus Yan et Chen, sp. n., A. frontirugatus Yan et Chen sp. n., A. jilinensis Yan et Chen, sp. n., and A. striatus Yan et Chen, sp. n. are described and illustrated. A key to the Chinese species of the genus Aspicolpus is updated.

5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1190, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132540

RESUMO

Genes in plant secondary metabolic pathways enable biosynthesis of a range of medically and industrially important compounds, and are often clustered on chromosomes. Here, we study genomic clustering in the benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) pathway in opium poppy (Papaver somniferum), exploring relationships between gene expression, copy number variation, and metabolite production. We use Hi-C to improve the existing draft genome assembly, yielding chromosome-scale scaffolds that include 35 previously unanchored BIA genes. We find that co-expression of BIA genes increases within clusters and identify candidates with unknown function based on clustering and covariation in expression and alkaloid production. Copy number variation in critical BIA genes correlates with stark differences in alkaloid production, linking noscapine production with an 11-gene deletion, and increased thebaine/decreased morphine production with deletion of a T6ODM cluster. Our results show that the opium poppy genome is still dynamically evolving in ways that contribute to medically and industrially important phenotypes.

6.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(13): 2398-2404, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191253

RESUMO

A highly regioselective and enantioselective N-alkylation of isoxazol-5-ones with para-quinone methides promoted by bi-functional squaramide catalysts was developed. This unexpected asymmetric N-addition of isoxazolinones afforded a series of enantioenriched N-diarylmethane substituted isoxazolinones with high yields and enantioselectivities (up to 97 : 3 er). This reaction not only provides a useful approach for intermolecular chiral C-N bond formation but also demonstrates the immense potential of isoxazol-5-ones as N-nucleophiles in catalytic asymmetric reactions.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 126: 110057, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145590

RESUMO

Platinum-based chemotherapy remains the cornerstone of treatment for many malignancies. However, although therapeutic efficiency varies greatly among individuals, there is a lack of pharmacogenomic biomarkers that can be used in clinical settings to identify chemosensitive patients and allow stratification. With the development of high-throughput screening techniques and systems biology approaches, a growing body of evidence has shown that platinum resistance is a multifactorial, multi-dimensional, dynamic process incorporating genetic background, tumor evolution and gut microbes. This review critically summarizes potential pharmacogenomic biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of platinum drugs and provides a comprehensive, time-varying perspective that integrates multiple markers.

8.
Cytokine ; 130: 155058, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222695

RESUMO

Alcohol-induced liver injury is characterized by strong inflammation. Polysaccharides separated from herbs can prevent ethanol-induced liver injury. Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo leaves (D. officinale) are a new food resource that contains a certain amount of polysaccharide. However, the hepatoprotective effects and the potential mechanisms of D. officinale polysaccharide (DOP) remain unknown. Thus, this study aimed to assess the hepatoprotective effects and potential mechanism in vivo and in vitro of DOP. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish alcohol-induced liver injury models through the oral gavage of absolute alcohol (5 mL/kg) after the oral administration of DOP (400 and 100 mg/kg) for 30 days. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used for the histological assessments of hepatocyte degeneration, and the AST and ALT levels in the serum and liver tissue were measured. The inflammatory markers were evaluated using ELISA and immunohistochemistry. The potential mechanism of DOP in alcohol-induced liver cell (LO2) injury in vitro was further identified. Results showed that DOP clearly decreased the AST in the serum and hepatic tissue, obviously reduced the production of inflammatory cytokines (such as IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α), and can successfully inhibit NF-κB phosphorylation in vivo. In vitro experiments indicated that DOP increased the LO2 cell viability; prevented LDH release prominently; reduced the secretion of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α; and reversed the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, caspase 1, NLRP3, p-NF-κB, and TLR4. Overall, DOP can alleviate ethanol-induced acute liver injury via the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173525

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN), the primary cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is often accompanied by dyslipidemia, which is closely related to the occurrence and development of DN and even the progression to ESRD. Mitophagy, the selective degradation of damaged and dysfunctional mitochondria by autophagy, is a crucial mitochondrial quality control mechanism, and largely regulated by PINK1 (PTEN-induced putative kinase 1)/Parkin signaling pathway. In the present study, we demonstrated that PA induced mitochondrial damage and excessive mitoROS generation in podocytes. We also found PA treatment resulted in the activation of mitophagy by increasing co-localization of GFP-LC3 with mitochondria and enhancing the formation of mitophagosome, stabilization of PINK1 and mitochondrial translocation of Parkin, which indicated that PINK1/Parkin pathway was involved in PA-induced mitophagy in podocytes. Furthermore, inhibition of mitophagy by silencing Parkin dramatically aggravated PA-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, mitoROS production, and further enhanced PA-induced apoptosis of podocytes. Finally, we showed that PINK1/Parkin pathway were up-regulated in kidney of high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats. Taken together, our results suggest that PINK1/Parkin mediated mitophagy plays a protective role in PA-induced podocytes apoptosis through reducing mitochondrial ROS production and that enhancing mitophagy provides a potential therapeutic strategy for kidney diseases with hyperlipidemia, such as DN.

10.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 61(3): 12, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176259

RESUMO

Purpose: The microRNA cluster miR-183C, which includes miR-183 and two other genes, is critical for multiple sensory systems. In mouse retina, removal of this cluster results in photoreceptor defects in polarization, phototransduction, and outer segment elongation. However, the individual roles of the three components of this cluster are not clearly known. We studied the separate role of mouse miR-183 in in vivo. Methods: miR-183 knockout mice were generated using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing system. Electroretinography were carried out to investigate the changes of retinal structures and function. miR-183 was overexpressed by subretinal adeno-associated virus (AAV) injection in vivo. Rnf217, a target of miR-183 was overexpressed by cell transfection of the photoreceptor-derived cell line 661W in vitro. RNA sequencing and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to compare the gene expression changes in AAV-injected mice and transfected cells. Results: The miR-183 knockout mice showed progressively attenuated electroretinogram responses. Over- or under-expression of Rnf217, a direct target of miR-183, misregulated expression of cilia-related BBSome genes. Rnf217 overexpression also led to compromised electroretinography responses in WT mice, indicating that it may contribute to functional abnormalities in miR-183 knockout mice. Conclusions: miR-183 is essential for mouse retinal function mediated directly and indirectly through Rnf217 and cilia-related genes. Our findings provide valuable insights into the explanation and analysis of the regulatory role of the individual miR-183 in miR-183C.

11.
QJM ; 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have focused initial clinical and Epidemiologic characteristics on the COVID-19, mainly revealing situation in Wuhan, Hubei. AIM: To reveal more data on the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients outside of Wuhan, in Zhejiang, China. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: 88 cases of laboratory-confirmed and 3 cases of clinical-confirmed COVID-19 were admitted to five hospitals in Zhejiang province, China. Data were collected from 20 January 2020 to 11 February 2020. RESULTS: Of all 91 patients, 88 (96.70%) were laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 with throat swab samples that tested positive for SARS-Cov-2 while 3 (3.30%) were clinical-diagnosed COVID-19 cases. The median age of the patients was 50 (36.5-57) years, and female accounted for 59.34%. In this sample 40 (43.96%) patients had contracted the diseases from local cases, 31 (34.07%) patients had been to Wuhan/Hubei, 8 (8.79%) cases had contacted with people from Wuhan, 11 (12.09%) cases were confirmed aircraft transmission. In particular within the city of Ningbo, 60.52% cases can be traced back to an event held in a temple. The most common symptoms were fever (71.43%), cough (60.44%) and fatigue (43.96%). The median of incubation period was 6 (IQR, 3-8) days and the median time from first visit to a doctor to confirmed diagnosis was 1 (1-2) days. According to the Chest computed tomography scans, 67.03% cases had bilateral pneumonia. CONCLUSIONS: Social activity cluster, family cluster and travel by airplane were how COVID-19 patients get transmitted and could be rapidly diagnosed COVID-19 in Zhejiang.

12.
Food Res Int ; 130: 108937, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156384

RESUMO

This study explored the shelf-life and bacterial community dynamics of beef cuts stored at super-chilled conditions (-1 ± 0.5 °C) for 20 weeks when sourced from two Chinese abattoirs, in order to determine whether domestic beef has equivalent quality as that imported from Australia. The initial total viable counts (TVC) were 4.15 and 4.87 log CFU/cm2 in beef from abattoirs A and B, respectively at the commencement of the storage period. The TVC of beef from abattoir A was above 6.0 log CFU/cm2 at 6 weeks and kept below 7.0 log CFU/cm2 at 20 weeks; while the counts were above 6.0 log CFU/cm2 at 3 weeks and reached at 7.3~7.6 log CFU/cm2 in beef from abattoir B. The beef shelf-life was deemed less than 12 and 9 weeks in abattoirs A and B, respectively, based on the total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN) threshold, although all samples were acceptable organoleptically. High-throughput sequencing showed that the initial bacteria community and bacterial succession during storage were different between the two abattoirs. Carnobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus spp. dominated in both abattoirs throughout 3-9 weeks while Serratia spp. co-dominated in abattoir B, and Lactobacillus spp. and Carnobacterium spp. were dominant for the rest of storage in abattoir A and B, respectively. Overall, the high initial TVC is a concern compared to imported beef from Australia. To achieve comparable shelf-life, domestic super-chilled stored beef would need to be sourced from abattoirs employing effective decontamination technologies or where strict hygiene procedures are adopted.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153173

RESUMO

Graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) heterostructures assembled by van der Waals (vdW) interactions show numerous unique physical properties such as quantum Hall effects and exotic correlated states, which have promising potential applications in the design of novel electronic devices. Understanding thermal transport in such junctions is critical to control the performance and stability of prospective nanodevices. In this work, using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, we systematically investigate the thermal transport in asymmetric graphene/h-BN vdW heterostructures. It is found that the heat prefers to flow from the monolayer to the multilayer regions, resulting in a significant thermal rectification (TR) effect. To determine the optimum conditions for TR, the influences of sample length, defect density, asymmetric degree, ambient temperature, and vdW interaction strength are studied. Particularly, we found that the TR ratio could be improved by about 1 order of magnitude via increasing the coupling strength from 1 to 10, which clearly distinguishes from the commonly held notion that the TR ratio is practically insensitive or even decreasing with the interaction strength. Detailed spectral analysis reveals that this unexpected increase of the TR ratio can be attributed to heavily modified phonon properties of encased graphene due to enhanced interlayer coupling. Our results elucidate the importance of vdW interactions to heat conduction in nanostructures.

14.
Aust Endod J ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196855

RESUMO

Multiple idiopathic external cervical root resorption is a rare condition with numerous predisposing factors that have not yet been clearly elucidated. In addition, its diagnosis and treatment pose challenges for clinicians, and thus, the extraction of the involved teeth is commonly performed. Here, we report a 29-year-old pregnant woman with no contributory medical or family/social history who experienced cervical root resorption that progressed aggressively and involved all permanent teeth. This case is unique owing to the involvement of all teeth. Reports of multiple idiopathic external cervical root resorption are rare in the literature, and the pathogenesis of the condition is poorly understood. This report aims to add an additional case to the existing literature, analyse the underlying mechanisms and provide clinicians with some guidance in diagnosing cervical root resorption.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197262

RESUMO

New classes of two-dimensional (2D) materials beyond graphene are now attracting intense interest owing to their unique properties and functions. By combining first-principle calculation and the Boltzmann transport equation, we investigated the thermal transport properties of monolayer honeycomb structures of group-IV (C, Si, Ge, Sn) binary compounds. It is found that the thermal conductivity ( ) of these compounds span an enormously large range from 0.04 to 144.29 W m-1 K-1, demonstrating promising applications to nanoscale thermoelectrics and thermal management. The of low-buckled structure such as SiGe, SiSn and GeSn is lower than that of planar structure such as SiC, GeC and SnC, which can be ascribed to heavy atomic mass and broken in-plane reflection symmetry. Moreover, the of planar or low-buckled compounds with Sn atom is much lower than others, and the detailed origin for this phenomenon and contribution of different phonon modes to the are investigated. This work has fully studied the diversity of the thermal phenomenon and provides more options for application on thermal transport.

16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 110003, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187955

RESUMO

Chemotherapy drugs such as vincristine (Vin) could cause neuropathic pain. However, it is still lack of ideal therapeutic strategy to treat it. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been involved in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. The mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant, mitoquinone (MitoQ), is able to modify mitochondrial signaling, showing beneficial effects on various diseases. In the study, we investigated whether MitoQ could regulate Vin-induced neuropathic pain, and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The results showed that MitoQ significantly improved Vin-induced pain hypersensitivity and glial activation in mice. In addition, Vin resulted in severe oxidative stress in spinal cord tissues of mice, which were inhibited by MitoQ treatment through improving Nrf2 (NF-E2-related factor 2) expression in nuclear. Also, MitoQ treatment dose-dependently reduced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, indicating its anti-inflammatory effects. Importantly, Vin stimulation contributed to mitochondrial fission, as evidenced by the increased expression of phosphorylated Drp1 (dynamin related protein 1) and Fis (mitochondrial fission protein 1), whereas mitochondrial fussion was inhibited. However, these effects were notably abrogated by MitoQ, subsequently improving mitochondrial dysfunction. Moreover, neuron death evoked by Vin was significantly rescued by MitoQ treatment. We also observed significantly reduced expression of cleaved Caspase-3 and Bax expression in spinal cord of MitoQ-treated mice with Vin stimulation. In contrast, anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 protein levels decreased by Vin were restored by MitoQ. The process of Cyto-c release from mitochondria triggered by Vin was effectively inhibited in mice treated with MitoQ. These in vivo results were further verified in the primary neurons using the in vitro and ex vivo experiments. Furthermore, MitoQ treatment alleviated axonal degeneration and mitochondria dysfunction induced by Vin. Thus, mitoquinone could alleviate vincristine-induced neuropathic pain by inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis via the improvement of mitochondrial dysfunction.

17.
J Nat Prod ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159343

RESUMO

Environmental toxicant- and oxidant-induced [e.g., cigarette smoke (CS)] respiratory oxidative stress and inflammatory response play a vital role in the onset and progression of COPD. The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) represents an important mechanism for regulating intracellular oxidative stress and inflammatory response and is a promising target for developing agents against COPD. Herein, a bioactivity-guided purification of goldenberry (whole fruits of Physalis peruviana L.) led to the isolation of a novel and potent Nrf2 activator 4ß-hydroxywithanolide E (4ß-HWE). Our study indicated that (i) 4ß-HWE activated the Nrf2-mediated defensive response through interrupting Nrf2-Keap1 protein-protein interaction (PPI) via modification of Cys151 and Cys288 cysteine residues in Keap1 and accordingly suppressing the ubiquitination of Nrf2. (ii) 4ß-HWE enhanced intracellular antioxidant capacity and inhibited oxidative stress in normal human lung epithelial Beas-2B cells and wild-type AB zebrafish. (iii) 4ß-HWE blocked LPS-stimulated inflammatory response and inhibited LPS-stimulated NF-κB activation in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages. (iv) 4ß-HWE effectively suppressed oxidative stress and inflammatory response in a CS-induced mice model of pulmonary injury. Collectively, these results display the feasibility of using 4ß-HWE to prevent or alleviate the pathological progression of COPD and suggest that 4ß-HWE is a candidate or a leading molecule against COPD.

18.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the biomechanical characteristics of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury by gait analysis, surface electromyography (SEMG), and proprioception test, and provide rehabilitation suggestions according to the results. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 90 adults with unilateral ACL injury, ranging in age from 19 to 45 years (66 men and 24 women, average age: 30.03 ± 7.91) were recruited for this study form May 2018 to July 2019. They were divided into three groups according to the time after the injury: group A (3-week to 1.5-month), group B (1.5-month to 1 year), and group C (more than 1 year). The SEMG signals were collected from the bilateral rectus femoris (RF), vastus medialis (VM), and vastus lateralis (VL) and the root mean square (RMS) were used to assess muscular activity. SEMG were used to analyze muscles function, gait analysis was used to evaluate the walking stability, balance and location assessment were used to analyze the proprioception. RESULTS: Through the comparison between bilateral limbs, all muscles strength shown decreased (RF: 239.94 ± 129.70 vs 364.81 ± 148.98, P = 0.001; VM: 298.88 ± 175.41 vs 515.79 ± 272.49, P = 0.001; VL:389.54 ± 157.97 vs 594.28 ± 220.31, P < 0.001) and the division of proprioception became larger (tandem position: 7.79 ± 1.57 vs 6.33 ± 1.49, P = 0.001; stance with one foot: 8.13 ± 0.84 vs 7.1 ± 0.57, P = 0.003; variance of 30°: 6.96 ± 3.15 vs 4.45 ± 1.67, P = 0.03; variance of 60°: 4.64 ± 3.38 vs 2.75 ± 1.98, P = 0.044) in the injured side when compared to the non-injured and 26 gait parameters were shown difference in group A. In group B, the muscle strength of VL shown decreased (VL: 381.23 ± 142.07 vs 603.9 ± 192.72, P < 0.001) and the division of location of 30° became larger (7.62 ± 4.98 vs 4.33 ± 3.24, P = 0.028) in the injured side when compared to the non-injured side and there were eight gait parameters that showed differences. In group C, the muscle strength and proprioception showed no differences and only 16 gait parameters showed differences between the bilateral limbs. CONCLUSION: The results proved the deterioration of proprioception in 30° of injured side will not recover and non-injury side and will become worse after 1 year from the injury; among the VL, VM, and RF, the recovery rate of VL is the slowest and bilateral straight leg raising (SLR) (30°) is the best way to train it; the gait stability will be worse after 1 year from the injury. Therefore, we suggest that the training for proprioception in 30° and VL are important for the rehabilitation, and the ACL reconstruction should be performed within 1 year.

19.
Biosci Rep ; 40(3)2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134466

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of lncRNA FENDRR on the migration and invasion of malignant melanoma (MM) cells. The expression levels of FENDRR in MM tissues and MM cell lines were detected using qRT-PCR, followed by construction of FENDRR-knocked down and overexpressed stable cells. Then the effects of FENDRR on cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected using MTT assay and Transwell assay. The protein expression levels of matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP2), MMP9, and related factors in JNK/c-Jun pathway were detected using Western blot. FENDRR was down-regulated in MM tissues and cell lines. Besides, its expression levels in different MM cells were diverse. Knockdown of FENDRR facilitated MM cells proliferation, migration and invasion in A375 cells, while overexpressing FENDRR had reverse results. In addition, MMPs and JNK/c-Jun pathway involved in the FENDRR-mediated regulation of MM cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Our results demonstrated that FENDRR mediated the metastasis phenotype of MM cells by inhibiting the expressions of MMP2 and MMP9 and antagonizing the JNK/c-Jun pathway.

20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1448, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193398

RESUMO

Elastic folding, a phenomenon widely existing in nature, has attracted great interests to understand the math and physical science behind the topological transition on surface, thus can be used to create frontier engineering solutions. Here, we propose a topo-optical sensing strategy with ultra-high contrast by programming surface folds on targeted area with a thin optical indicator layer. A robust and precise signal generation can be achieved under mechanical compressive strains (>0.4). This approach bridges the gap in current mechano-responsive luminescence mechanism, by utilizing the unwanted oxygen quenching effect of Iridium-III (Ir-III) fluorophores to enable an ultra-high contrast signal. Moreover, this technology hosts a rich set of attractive features such as high strain sensing, encoded logic function, direct visualisation and good adaptivity to the local curvature, from which we hope it will enable new opportunities for designing next generation flexible/wearable devices.

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