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1.
Dalton Trans ; 49(7): 2063-2067, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998908

RESUMO

Two mononuclear, seven-coordinate Co(ii) and Fe(ii) complexes [CoII(BPA-TPA)](BF4)2 (1-Co) and [FeII(BPA-TPA)](ClO4)2 (2-Fe) with a capped trigonal prismatic coordination geometry have been synthesized from the pentapyridyldiamine (BPA-TPA) ligand. 1-Co exhibits easy plane anisotropy in which slow magnetic relaxation is observed under a 1.0 kOe dc field. It is the first example of a single-ion magnet (SIM) of a 3d transition metal ion with a capped trigonal prismatic configuration. 2-Fe is not a SIM at 1.8 K.

2.
Chemistry ; 25(69): 15846-15857, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529652

RESUMO

Large separations between ground and excited magnetic states in single-molecule magnets (SMMs) are desirable to reduce the likelihood of spin reversal in the molecules. Spin-phonon coupling is a process leading to magnetic relaxation. Both the reversal and coupling, making SMMs lose magnetic moments, are undesirable. However, direct determination of large magnetic states separations (>45 cm-1 ) is challenging, and few detailed investigations of the spin-phonon coupling have been conducted. The magnetic separation in [Co(12-crown-4)2 ](I3 )2 (12-crown-4) (1) is determined and its spin-phonon coupling is probed by inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and far-IR spectroscopy. INS, using oriented single crystals, shows a magnetic transition at 49.4(1.0) cm-1 . Far-IR reveals that the magnetic transition and nearby phonons are coupled, a rarely observed phenomenon, with spin-phonon coupling constants of 1.7-2.5 cm-1 . The current work spectroscopically determines the ground-excited magnetic states separation in an SMM and quantifies its spin-phonon coupling, shedding light on the process causing magnetic relaxation.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 58(19): 12555-12564, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553166

RESUMO

Two mononuclear tetrahedral Co(II) complexes (HNEt3)2[Co(L1)2]·H2O (1) and (Bu4N)2[Co(L2)2]·H2O (2) (H2L1 = N,N'-bis(p-toluenesulfony1)oxamide, H2L2 = N,N'-diphenyloxamide) have been synthesized, and their structures have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both complexes adopt distorted tetrahedral coordination geometries surrounding the Co(II) center, which is ligated by two doubly deprotonated oxamide ligands oriented perpendicularly to each other. Their axial magnetic anisotropies were revealed by the direct current (dc) magnetic measurements, high-field and high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance, and theoretical calculations. Both complexes display slow magnetic relaxation in the absence of an applied dc field. Upon the application of the 0.15 T dc field, the quantum tunneling of magnetization is efficiently suppressed. In addition, both complexes display hysteresis loops with different field sweep rates at 1.8 K, which is rarely observed for Co(II) single-ion magnets (SIMs).

4.
Dalton Trans ; 48(28): 10743-10752, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250855

RESUMO

Three mononuclear six-coordinate Co(ii)-pseudohalide complexes [Co(L)X2] with two N-donor pseudohalido coligands occupying the cis-positions (X = NCS- (1), NCSe- (2) or N(CN)2- (3)), and a five-coordinate complex [Co(L)(NCO)][B(C6H5)4] (4) [L = 1,4,7,10-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (12-TMC)] have been prepared and structurally characterized. Easy-plane magnetic anisotropy for 1-3 and easy-axis anisotropy for 4 were revealed via the analyses of the direct-current magnetic data, high-frequency and -field EPR (HFEPR) spectra and ab initio theoretical calculations. They display slow magnetic relaxations under an external applied dc field. Typically, two slow relaxation processes were found in 1 and 2 while only one relaxation process occurs in 3 and 4. The Raman-like mechanism is found to be dominant in the studied temperature range in 1. For 2-4, the Raman process is dominant in the low temperature region, while the Orbach mechanism dominates in the high temperature range.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 58(4): 2330-2335, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648391

RESUMO

A mononuclear low spin ( S = 1/2) Co(II) molecule crystallized in a 4-fold symmetry is fully investigated by CW and pulsed EPR on a single crystal sample. The quantum phase memory time of the molecule around 1 µs at 5 K is direction-independent, while the Rabi oscillation frequency is anisotropic. The spin Hamiltonian analyses reveal that the anisotropic Landé factor and hyperfine tensor do not influence the anisotropy apparently when the microwave magnetic field is applied along a certain direction. It is considered that the possibly involved nuclear spin forbidden transitions may be responsible for the small distinction of Rabi frequencies in two directions.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 57(21): 13618-13630, 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335996

RESUMO

Dinuclear Cu(I) complexes bearing hexadentate, macrocyclic N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands, [Cu2(L1)(CH3CN)][PF6]2 (1) and [Cu2(L2)(CH3CN)]2[Cu2(L2)(CH3CN)2][PF6]6 (2), have been synthesized by the reactions of [H4L][PF6]4 (L = L1, L2) with excess Cu2O in acetonitrile. Crystallizations of the heat-treated samples of 1 and 2 from acetone/methanol/ether or CH3NO2/ether result in [Cu2(L1)][PF6]2 (3) and [Cu2(L2)][PF6]2 (4). Complexes 1-4 are emissive with luminescent maxima at 464, 472, 540, and 488 nm in the solid state, respectively. The origin of the red shift of the emission maximum of 3 relative to the other three complexes has been studied by theoretical calculations, showing the cuprophilic interactions in the excited state of 3. The mechanochromic luminescent properties of 1-4 have been studied. After grinding in a mortar, a significant emission color change is found with a red shift of 98 nm for 1, 82 nm for 2, 20 nm for 3, and 64 nm for 4, respectively. These mechanochromic transformations are found to be a crystalline-to-amorphous conversion, which can be reverted by adding drops of the organic solvent or recrystallization. The possible correlations between the luminescent properties and structural modifications such as Cu···Cu distances are discussed.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 47(30): 10162-10171, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30010170

RESUMO

Experimental and theoretical studies of magnetic anisotropy and relaxation behavior of six-coordinate tris(pivalato)-Co(ii) and -Ni(ii) complexes (NBu4)[M(piv)3] (piv = pivalate, M = Co, 1; M = Ni, 2), with a coordination configuration at the intermediate between an octahedron and a trigonal prism, are reported. Direct current magnetic data and high-frequency and -field EPR spectra (HFEPR) of 1 have been modeled by a general Hamiltonian considering the first-order orbital angular momentum, while the spin Hamiltonian was used to interpret the data of 2. Both 1 and 2 show easy-axis magnetic anisotropies, which are further supported by ab initio calculations. Alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibilities reveal slow magnetic relaxation at an applied dc field of 0.1 T in 1, which is characteristic of a field-induced single-ion magnet (SIM), but 2 does not exhibit single-ion magnetic properties at 1.8 K. Detailed analyses of relaxation times show a dominant contribution of a Raman process for spin relaxation in 1.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(56): 7830-7833, 2018 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29947374

RESUMO

The reaction of a pentadentate NHC ligand precursor with Ni(OAc)2·4H2O or Pd(OAc)2 in the presence of a base yields four-coordinate square-planar Ni(ii) and Pd(ii) complexes with an unusual ligand generated in situ. A series of experimental studies point to a ring-opening and ring-closing process via novel C-N bond cleavage and formation.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 47(19): 6742-6753, 2018 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29713716

RESUMO

A series of Ag(i) and Cu(i) complexes [Ag3(L1)2][PF6]3 (8), [Ag3(L2)2][PF6]3 (9), [Cu(L1)][PF6] (10) and [Cu(L2)][PF6] (11) have been synthesized by reactions of the tridentate amine-bis(N-heterocyclic carbene) ligand precursors [H2L1][PF6]2 (6) and [H2L2][PF6]2 (7) with Ag2O and Cu2O, respectively. Complexes 10 and 11 can also be obtained by transmetalation of 8 and 9, respectively, with 3.0 equiv. of CuCl. A heterometallic Cu/Ag-NHC complex [Cu2Ag(L1)2(CH3CN)2][PF6]3 (12) is formed by the reaction of 8 with 2.0 equiv. of CuCl. All complexes have been characterized by NMR, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The luminescence properties of 10-12 in solution and the solid state have been studied. At room temperature, 10-12 exhibit evident luminescence in solution and the solid state. The emission wavelengths are found to be identical at 483 nm in CH3CN, but they are 484, 480 and 592 nm in the solid state for 10-12, respectively. These results suggest that 12 dissociates into two molecules of 10 and Ag(i) ions in solution. Complex 12 is the first luminescent heterometallic Cu/Ag-NHC complex.

10.
Nano Lett ; 18(6): 3428-3434, 2018 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29727571

RESUMO

We combine infrared and Raman spectroscopies to investigate finite length scale effects in CuGeO3 nanorods. The infrared-active phonons display remarkably strong size dependence whereas the Raman-active features are, by comparison, nearly rigid. A splitting analysis of the Davydov pairs reveals complex changes in chemical bonding with rod length and temperature. Near the spin-Peierls transition, stronger intralayer bonding in the smallest rods indicates a more rigid lattice which helps to suppress the spin-Peierls transition. Taken together, these findings advance the understanding of size effects and collective phase transitions in low-dimensional oxides.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 47(12): 4282-4292, 2018 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29487933

RESUMO

A series of Ni(ii), Pd(ii) and Pt(ii) complexes [ML][PF6]2 [L = L1, M = Ni (1), Pd (2), Pt (3); L = L2, M = Ni (4), Pd (5), Pt (6)] and [Pt(L2)(acac)] (7) have been prepared by the reactions of two tetradentate macrocyclic amine-NHC ligand precursors, [H2L1][PF6]2 and [H2L2][PF6]2, with Ni(OAc)2·4H2O, Pd(OAc)2 and Pt(acac)2 in the presence of NaOAc. Complex 7 is isolated along with 6 from the same reaction between [H2L2][PF6]2 and Pt(acac)2. There are two atropisomers in 1-3 and two achiral conformers in 4-6. The crystal structures of 1-3 and one conformer of 4-6 (4a-6a) have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The metal ion is found to reside in the cavity of the macrocyclic ring and adopts a square-planar configuration. Detailed NMR studies including variable-temperature NMR spectroscopy reveal a dynamic interconverting process between two atropisomers of 1-3 in the solutions via a ring twisting mechanism. Two conformers in the equilibrated solution of 4-6, probably arising from the orientation of two amine N-H bonds with respect to the coordination plane, exchange slowly. Time-dependent 1H NMR spectra show that one conformer (4a-6a) in solution converts into the other (4b-6b) via the inversion of the nitrogen atom.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 56(19): 11917-11928, 2017 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28933540

RESUMO

A hexadentate macrocyclic N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand precursor (H4L)(PF6)4 containing four benzimidazolium and two secondary amine groups, has been synthesized and characterized. Coordination chemistry of this new macrocyclic diamine-tetracarbene ligand has been studied by the synthesis of its Ag(I), Au(I), Ni(II), and Pd(II) complexes. Reactions of (H4L)(PF6)4 with different equiv of Ag2O result in Ag(I) complexes [Ag(H2L)](PF6)3 (1) and [Ag2(H2L)](PF6)4 (2). A mononuclear Au(I) complex [Au(H2L)](PF6)3 (3) and a trinuclear Au(I) complex [Au3(H2L)(Cl)2](PF6) (4) are obtained by transmetalation of 1 and 2 with AuCl(SMe2), respectively. Reactions of (H4L)(PF6)4 with Ni(OAc)2 and Pd(OAc)2 in the presence of NaOAc yield [Ni(L)](PF6)2 (5) and [Pd(L)](PF6)2 (6), respectively, containing one Ni(II) and Pd(II) ion with distorted square-planar geometry. Using more NaOAc results in the formation of unusual dinuclear complexes [Ni2(L-2H)](PF6)2 (7) and [Pd2(L-2H)](PF6)2 (8) (L-2H = deprotonated ligand after removing two H+ ions from two secondary amine groups in L), respectively, featuring a rare M2N2 core formed by two bridging amides. 7 is also formed by the reaction of 5 with 1.0 equiv of Ni(OAc)2·4H2O in the presence of NaOAc. Transmetalation of 2 with 2.0 equiv of Ni(PPh3)2Cl2 gives [Ni2(L)(µ-O)](PF6)2 (9), the first example of a dinuclear Ni(II) complex with a singly bridging oxo group. 9 is converted to 7 in good yield through the treatment with NaOAc.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(67): 9304-9307, 2017 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737799

RESUMO

We present the first examples of the coexistence of field induced slow magnetic relaxation and spin-crossover observed in five-coordinate cobalt(ii) complexes [Co(12-TMC)(CH3CN)](X)2 (12-TMC = 1,4,7,10-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane, X = BF4-, 1; PF6-, 2). The direct-current (dc) magnetic data show a gradual and incomplete spin-crossover at high temperature. 1 and 2 display frequency- and temperature-dependent alternating-current (ac) magnetic susceptibility under an applied dc field of 2500 Oe, which originates from the S = 1/2 spin state of Co(ii) ions.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 55(24): 12603-12617, 2016 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27989182

RESUMO

Three mononuclear cobalt(II) tetranitrate complexes (A)2[Co(NO3)4] with different countercations, Ph4P+ (1), MePh3P+ (2), and Ph4As+ (3), have been synthesized and studied by X-ray single-crystal diffraction, magnetic measurements, inelastic neutron scattering (INS), high-frequency and high-field EPR (HF-EPR) spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations. The X-ray diffraction studies reveal that the structure of the tetranitrate cobalt anion varies with the countercation. 1 and 2 exhibit highly irregular seven-coordinate geometries, while the central Co(II) ion of 3 is in a distorted-dodecahedral configuration. The sole magnetic transition observed in the INS spectroscopy of 1-3 corresponds to the zero-field splitting (2(D2 + 3E2)1/2) from 22.5(2) cm-1 in 1 to 26.6(3) cm-1 in 2 and 11.1(5) cm-1 in 3. The positive sign of the D value, and hence the easy-plane magnetic anisotropy, was demonstrated for 1 by INS studies under magnetic fields and HF-EPR spectroscopy. The combined analyses of INS and HF-EPR data yield the D values as +10.90(3), +12.74(3), and +4.50(3) cm-1 for 1-3, respectively. Frequency- and temperature-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal the slow magnetization relaxation in 1 and 2 at an applied dc field of 600 Oe, which is a characteristic of field-induced single-molecule magnets (SMMs). The electronic structures and the origin of magnetic anisotropy of 1-3 were revealed by calculations at the CASPT2/NEVPT2 level.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 44(25): 11482-90, 2015 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26027953

RESUMO

Two mononuclear seven-coordinate cobalt(II) complexes [Co(L)3(NO3)2] (L = 4-tert-butylpyridine, 1; L = isoquinoline, 2) were prepared and structurally analyzed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The coordination spheres of 1 and 2 exhibit distorted pentagonal bipyramid geometry. Analysis of their direct-current magnetic data reveals the existence of easy plane anisotropy (D > 0) with a small transverse anisotropy (E), which was further confirmed by high-field electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) spectroscopy. Field-induced slow magnetic relaxations were observed under the applied dc field in complexes 1 and 2 by alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements. Importantly, these complexes are new instances of mononuclear high-coordinate cobalt(II)-based single-molecule magnets.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 44(3): 908-11, 2015 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25470141

RESUMO

Both square planar and tetrahedral isomers of the four-coordinate complex [Co(Bc(tBu))2] with a bis(3-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand (Bc(tBu)) have been isolated while only a tetrahedral configuration was found for the Fe(ii) analogue [Fe(Bc(tBu))2]. Novel co-crystals containing both isomers of [Co(Bc(tBu))2] have been obtained from recrystallization.

17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 136(35): 12213-6, 2014 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25119268

RESUMO

The quest for the single-molecular magnets (SMMs) based on mononuclear transition-metal complexes is focused on the low-coordinate species. No transition-metal complex with a coordination number of eight has been shown to exhibit SMM properties. Here the magnetic studies have been carried out for a mononuclear, eight-coordinate cobalt(II)-12-crown-4 (12C4) complex [Co(II)(12C4)2](I3)2(12C4) (1) with a large axial zero-field splitting. Magnetic measurements show field-induced, slow magnetic relaxation under an applied field of 500 Oe at low temperature. The magnetic relaxation time τ was fitted by the Arrhenius model to afford an energy barrier of Ueff = 17.0 cm(-1) and a preexponential factor of τ0 = 1.5 × 10(-6) s. The work here presents the first example of the eight-coordinate, mononuclear, 3d metal complex exhibiting the slow magnetic relaxation.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 394: 69-77, 2013 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23317770

RESUMO

Flower-like Bi(2)WO(6) and Bi(2)O(3)-Bi(2)WO(6) composite microstructures have been synthesized via a facile and rapid microwave-assisted hydrothermal method through controlling the experimental parameters. The phases and morphologies of the products are characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersion X-ray analysis (EDX), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Photocatalytic experiments indicate that such Bi(2)O(3)-Bi(2)WO(6) composite possesses higher photocatalytic activity for RhB degradation under visible-light irradiation in comparison with pure Bi(2)O(3) and Bi(2)WO(6). On the basis of the calculated energy band positions, the enhanced photocatalytic activity is attributed to the effective separation of electron-hole pairs between the two semiconductors. The present study provides a new strategy to design composite materials with enhanced photocatalytic activity.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 41(36): 10919-22, 2012 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22885774

RESUMO

The reactions of FeCl(2) and CoCl(2) with a bistriazolium salt yields the NHC complexes [Fe(III)(L1)(2)]I·H(2)O, [Fe(III)(L2)(2)]PF(6)·CH(3)CN and [Co(III)(L1)(2)]I·0.5CH(3)CN, through an unusual ring opening of one of the triazoyl rings, which leads to the formation of C,N,O tridentate ligands L1 or L2. Furthermore, a Fe(ii) species [Fe(II)(L1)(2)]·CH(2)Cl(2) was also obtained.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 51(1): 25-7, 2012 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22168235

RESUMO

Ta(NMe(2))(4)[N(SiMe(3))(2)] (1) undergoes the elimination of Me(3)Si-NMe(2) (2), converting the -N(SiMe(3))(2) ligand to the ═NSiMe(3) ligand, to give the imide "Ta(NMe(2))(3)(═NSiMe(3))" (3) observed as its dimer 4. CyN═C═NCy captures 3 to yield guanidinates Ta(NMe(2))(3-n)(═NSiMe(3))[CyNC(NMe(2))NCy](n) [n = 1 (5), 2 (6)]. The kinetic study of α-SiMe(3) abstraction in 1 gives ΔH(‡) = 21.3(1.0) kcal/mol and ΔS(‡) = -17(2) eu.

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