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1.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1020444, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36312553

RESUMO

The outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) has heightened awareness of the importance of quick and easy testing. The convenience, speed, and timely results from point-of-care testing (POCT) in all vitro diagnostic devices has drawn the strong interest of researchers. However, there are still many challenges in the development of POCT devices, such as the pretreatment of samples, detection sensitivity, specificity, and so on. It is anticipated that the unique properties of nanomaterials, e.g., their magnetic, optical, thermal, and electrically conductive features, will address the deficiencies that currently exist in POCT devices. In this review, we mainly analyze the work processes of POCT devices, especially in nucleic acid detection, and summarize how novel nanomaterials used in various aspects of POCT products can improve performance, with the ultimate aims of offering new ideas for the application of nanomaterials and the overall development of POCT devices.

2.
Front Genet ; 13: 939328, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36003340

RESUMO

Among gynecological cancers, cervical cancer is a common malignancy and remains the leading cause of cancer-related death for women. However, the exact molecular pathogenesis of cervical cancer is not known. Hence, understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying cervical cancer pathogenesis will aid in the development of effective treatment modalities. In this research, we attempted to discern candidate biomarkers for cervical cancer by using multiple bioinformatics approaches. First, we performed differential expression analysis based on cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endocervical adenocarcinoma data from The Cancer Genome Atlas database, then used differentially expressed genes for weighted gene co-expression network construction to find the most relevant gene module for cervical cancer. Next, the Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses were performed on the module genes, followed by using protein-protein interaction network analysis and Cytoscape to find the key gene. Finally, we validated the key gene by using multiple online sites and experimental methods. Through weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we found the turquoise module was the highest correlated module with cervical cancer diagnosis. The biological process of the module genes focused on cell proliferation, cell adhesion, and protein binding processes, while the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway of the module significantly enriched pathways related to cancer and cell circle. Among the module genes, SOX9 was identified as the hub gene, and its expression was associated with cervical cancer prognosis. We found the expression of SOX9 correlates with cancer-associated fibroblast immune infiltration in immune cells by Timer2.0. Furthermore, cancer-associated fibroblast infiltration is linked to cervical cancer patients' prognosis. Compared to those in normal adjacent, immunohistochemical and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) showed that the protein and mRNA expression of SOX9 in cervical cancer were higher. Therefore, the SOX9 gene acts as an oncogene in cervical cancer, interactive with immune infiltration of cancer-associated fibroblasts, thereby affecting the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(13)2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806520

RESUMO

The machined-surface integrity plays a critical role in corrosion resistance and fatigue properties of ultra-high-strength steels. This work develops a multiphysics model for predicting the microstructure changes and microhardness of machined AerMet100 steel. The variations of stress, strain and temperature of the machined workpiece are evaluated by constructing a finite-element model of the orthogonal cutting process. Based on the multiphysics fields, the analytical models of phase transformation and dislocation density evolution are built up. The white layer is modeled according to the phase-transformation mechanism and the effects of stress and plastic strain on real phase-transformation temperature are taken into consideration. The microhardness changes are predicted by a model that accounts for both dislocation density and phase-transformation evolution processes. Experimental tests are carried out for model validation. The predicted results of cutting force, white-layer thickness and microhardness are in good agreement with the measured data. Additionally, from the proposed model, the correlation between the machined-surface characteristics and processing parameters is established.

4.
Front Genet ; 13: 788670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386285

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with poor prognosis and invalid therapeutical response to immunotherapy due to biological heterogeneity. There is an urgent need to screen for reliable indices, especially immunotherapy-associated biomarkers that can predict patient outcomes. Pyroptosis, as an inflammation-induced type of programmed cell death, is shown to create a tumor-suppressive environment and improve the chemotherapeutic response in multiple tumors. However, the specific therapeutic effect of pyroptosis in TNBC remains unclear. In this study, we present a consensus clustering by pyroptosis-related signatures of 119 patients with TNBC into two subtypes (clusterA and clusterB) with distinct immunological and prognostic characteristics. First, clusterB, associated with better outcomes, was characterized by a significantly higher pyroptosis-related signature expression, tumor microenvironment prognostic score, and upregulation of immunotherapy checkpoints. A total of 262 differentially expressed genes between the subtypes were further identified and the Ps-score was built using LASSO and COX regression analyses. The external GEO data set demonstrated that cohorts with low Ps-scores consistently had higher expression of pyroptosis-related signatures, immunocyte infiltration levels, and better prognosis. In addition, external immunotherapy and chemotherapy cohorts validated that patients with lower Ps-scores exhibited significant therapeutic response and clinical benefit. Combined with other clinical characteristics, we successfully constructed a nomogram to effectively predict the survival rate of patients with TNBC. Finally, using the scRNA-seq data sets, we validated the landscape of cellular subtypes of TNBC and successfully constructed an miRNA-Ps-score gene interaction network. These findings indicated that the systematic assessment of tumor pyroptosis and identification of Ps-scores has potential clinical implications and facilitates tailoring optimal immunotherapeutic strategies for TNBC.

5.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 389, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was usually associated with poor prognosis and invalid therapeutical response to immunotherapy due to biological heterogeneity. It is urgent to screen reliable biomarkers, especially immunotherapy-associated biomarkers, that can predict outcomes of these patients. METHODS: Gene expression profiles of 1026 NSCLC patients were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets with their corresponding clinical and somatic mutation data. Based on immune infiltration scores, molecular clustering classification was performed to identify immune subtypes in NSCLC. After the functional enrichment analysis of subtypes, hub genes were further screened using univariate Cox, Lasso, and multivariate Cox regression analysis, and the risk score was defined to construct the prognostic model. Other microarray data and corresponding clinical information of 603 NSCLC patients from the GEO datasets were applied to conduct random forest models for the prognosis of NSCLC with 100 runs of cross-validation. Finally, external datasets with immunotherapy and chemotherapy were further applied to explore the significance of risk-scores in clinical immunotherapy response for NSCLC patients. RESULTS: Compared with Subtype-B, the Subtype-A, associated with better outcomes, was characterized by significantly higher stromal and immune scores, T lymphocytes infiltration scores and up-regulation of immunotherapy markers. In addition, we found and validated an eleven -gene signatures for better application of distinguishing high- and low-risk NSCLC patients and predict patients' prognosis and therapeutical response to immunotherapy. Furthermore, combined with other clinical characteristics based on multivariate Cox regression analysis, we successfully constructed and validated a nomogram to effectively predict the survival rate of NSCLC patients. External immunotherapy and chemotherapy cohorts validated the patients with higher risk-scores exhibited significant therapeutic response and clinical benefits. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrated the immunological and prognostic heterogeneity within NSCLC and provided a new clinical application in predicting the prognosis and benefits of immunotherapy for the disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Transcriptoma
6.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(7)2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918276

RESUMO

In order to study the degradation laws and mechanisms of admixture concretes with single-added SO42- and composite of Mg2+ and SO42-, respectively, the durability tests were conducted on three types of mineral admixture concretes (concretes with single-added metakaolin (MK), single-added ultra-fine fly ash (UFA), and composite of metakaolin and ultra-fine fly ash (MF), and one reference concrete. In these tests, the 10% Na2SO4 solution and the 10% MgSO4 solution were used as the erosion medium, and the drying-wetting circle method was applied. It can be seen from the compressive tests and grey relational analysis that the MK admixture can improve the anti-Na2SO4-erosion capability of the concrete significantly, but weaken its anti-MgSO4-erosion capability; the UFA admixture can improve both the anti-Na2SO4-erosion and the anti-MgSO4-erosion capability of the concrete; and the composite admixture has superimposed effects and can enhance erosion resistance against these two erosion mediums. The phase composition and the changes of the macro morphology and the micro structure during the erosion process caused by mono sulfate ions and complex ions has been observed through X-ray diffraction (XRD), FTIR spectrum (FTIR), and scanning electron microscope (SEM), based on which it was determined that the erosion of single-added SO42- ions can produce erosive outputs of ettringite, gypsum, and mirabilite in the concrete, and cause corner scaling or deformation. Mg2+ and SO42- reacted in the concrete and produced brucite, M-S-H, ettringite, and gypsum, etc. The erosion of complex ions can cause scaling of the cement mortar and aggregate from the surface or the desquamation of corners.

7.
Front Genet ; 12: 793628, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35069691

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) was usually associated with poor prognosis and invalid therapeutical response to immunotherapy due to biological heterogeneity. It is urgent to screen reliable indices especially immunotherapy-associated parameters that can predict the therapeutic responses to immunotherapy of GC patients. Methods: Gene expression profile of 854 GC patients were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets (GSE84433) with their corresponding clinical and somatic mutation data. Based on immune cell infiltration (ICI) levels, molecular clustering classification was performed to identify subtypes and ICI scores in GC patients. After functional enrichment analysis of subtypes, we further explored the correlation between ICI scores and Tumor Mutation Burden (TMB) and the significance in clinical immunotherapy response. Results: Three subtypes were identified based on ICI scores with distinct immunological and prognostic characteristics. The ICI-cluster C, associated with better outcomes, was characterized by significantly higher stromal and immune scores, T lymphocytes infiltration and up-regulation of PD-L1. ICI scores were identified through using principal component analysis (PCA) and the low ICI scores were consistent with the increased TMB and the immune-activating signaling pathways. Contrarily, the high-ICI score cluster was involved in the immunosuppressive pathways, such as TGF-beta, MAPK and WNT signaling pathways, which might be responsible for poor prognosis of GC. External immunotherapy and chemotherapy cohorts validated the patients with lower ICI scores exhibited significant therapeutic responses and clinical benefits. Conclusion: This study elucidated that ICI score could sever as an effective prognostic and predictive indicator for immunotherapy in GC. These findings indicated that the systematic assessment of tumor ICI landscapes and identification of ICI scores have crucial clinical implications and facilitate tailoring optimal immunotherapeutic strategies.

8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 740266, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35127697

RESUMO

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du decoction (HLJDD) has been widely applied to treat inflammation-associated diseases for thousands of years in China. However, the concrete molecular mechanism of HLJDD in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear. In this work, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to preliminarily analyze the potential active ingredients, drug targets, and related pathways of HLJDD on treating RA. A total of 102 active compounds with corresponding 189 targets were identified from HLJDD, and 41 common targets were further identified by intersecting with RA-related targets. Functional enrichment analysis was performed to screen the biological pathways associated with RA. Ten hub targets were further identified through constructing the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of common targets, which were mainly enriched in the interleukin-17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. Furthermore, a complex botanical drugs-ingredients-hub-targets-disease network was successfully constructed. The molecular docking results exhibited that these vital ingredients of HLJDD had a stable binding to the hub targets. Among these ingredients, quercetin (MOL000098) was the most common molecule with stable binding to all the targets, and PTGS2 was considered the most important target with multiple regulations by the most active ingredients. In vitro, we successfully validated the inhibitory role of quercetin in the cellular proliferation of human RA fibroblast-like synoviocyte cell line (MH7A cells). These findings indicated that the potential mechanisms of HLJDD for RA treatment might be attributed to inhibiting the immune-inflammatory response, reducing the release of chemokines, and alleviating the destruction of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the synovial compartment.

9.
Comput Vis ECCV ; 12363: 103-120, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345257

RESUMO

For large-scale vision tasks in biomedical images, the labeled data is often limited to train effective deep models. Active learning is a common solution, where a query suggestion method selects representative unlabeled samples for annotation, and the new labels are used to improve the base model. However, most query suggestion models optimize their learnable parameters only on the limited labeled data and consequently become less effective for the more challenging unlabeled data. To tackle this, we propose a two-stream active query suggestion approach. In addition to the supervised feature extractor, we introduce an unsupervised one optimized on all raw images to capture diverse image features, which can later be improved by fine-tuning on new labels. As a use case, we build an end-to-end active learning framework with our query suggestion method for 3D synapse detection and mitochondria segmentation in connectomics. With the framework, we curate, to our best knowledge, the largest connectomics dataset with dense synapses and mitochondria annotation. On this new dataset, our method outperforms previous state-of-the-art methods by 3.1% for synapse and 3.8% for mitochondria in terms of region-of-interest proposal accuracy. We also apply our method to image classification, where it outperforms previous approaches on CIFAR-10 under the same limited annotation budget. The project page is https://zudi-lin.github.io/projects/#two_stream_active.

10.
BMJ Open ; 8(6): e020530, 2018 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29903789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91.3%. We excluded 1232 subjects due to missing data or having a history of cardiovascular diseases; a total of 39 840 participants were included in the analysis. OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence and clustering of five major CRFs including hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, overweight or obesity and current smoking. RESULTS: Of 39 840 participants (mean age 47.9±16.2 years), 17 964 (45.1%) were men and 21 876 (54.9%) were women. The weighted prevalence of CRFs ranged between 6.2% for diabetes and 35.6% for overweight or obesity. The proportion of CRFs tended to be higher in men, the elderly, participants who lost a life partner, or lived in rural areas, or had lower level of education and total annual income. Overall, 30.1% and 35.2% of participants had one and at least two CRFs, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that men, older age, loss of a life partner, lower level of socioeconomic status, rural areas, insufficient physical activity or unhealthy diets were positively associated with CVD risk factor clustering, compared with their counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: High regional prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidaemia, overweight or obesity and their clustering are present in Nanjing. The Nanjing government should develop effective public health policies at the regional level especially for high-risk groups, such as enhancing the public's health awareness, organising health promotion programmes, implementing smoke-free law, producing healthy nutrient foods, providing free or low-cost public sports and fitness facilities.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Appl Spectrosc ; 72(5): 740-749, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29617151

RESUMO

Near-infrared spectroscopy is an efficient, low-cost technology that has potential as an accurate method in detecting the nitrogen content of natural rubber leaves. Successive projections algorithm (SPA) is a widely used variable selection method for multivariate calibration, which uses projection operations to select a variable subset with minimum multi-collinearity. However, due to the fluctuation of correlation between variables, high collinearity may still exist in non-adjacent variables of subset obtained by basic SPA. Based on analysis to the correlation matrix of the spectra data, this paper proposed a correlation-based SPA (CB-SPA) to apply the successive projections algorithm in regions with consistent correlation. The result shows that CB-SPA can select variable subsets with more valuable variables and less multi-collinearity. Meanwhile, models established by the CB-SPA subset outperform basic SPA subsets in predicting nitrogen content in terms of both cross-validation and external prediction. Moreover, CB-SPA is assured to be more efficient, for the time cost in its selection procedure is one-twelfth that of the basic SPA.

12.
Br J Nutr ; 116(5): 842-52, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27405825

RESUMO

In the present study, we evaluated the reproducibility and validity of dietary patterns among Chinese adult populations. A random subsample of 203 participants (aged 31-80 years) from a community-based nutrition and health survey was enrolled. An eighty-seven-item FFQ was administered twice (FFQ1 and FFQ2) 1 year apart; four 3 consecutive day, 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR, as a reference method) were performed between the administrations of the two FFQ every 3 months. Dietary patterns from three separate dietary sources were derived using factor analysis based on twenty-eight predefined food groups. Comparisons between dietary pattern scores were made by using Pearson's or intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), cross-classification analysis, weighted κ statistic and Bland-Altman plots; the four major dietary patterns identified from FFQ1, FFQ2 and 24-HDR were similar. Regarding reproducibility, ICC for z-scores between FFQ1 and FFQ2 were all >0·6 for dietary patterns. The 'animal and plant protein' pattern had the highest ICC of 0·870. For validity, the adjusted Pearson's correlation coefficients for dietary pattern z-scores between two FFQ and the mean of four 3 consecutive day 24-HDR ranged from 0·387 for the 'Chinese traditional' pattern to 0·838 for the 'animal and plant protein' pattern. More than 75 % of the participants were classified into the same or adjacent quartile, and <5 % were misclassified into opposite quartiles. The weighted κ ranged from 0·259 to 0·680. Bland-Altman plots indicated that no significant deviation was found between two dietary assessment methods. Our findings indicate a good reasonable reproducibility and a reasonable validity of dietary patterns derived by factor analysis in China.


Assuntos
Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Br J Nutr ; 115(5): 887-94, 2016 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26785928

RESUMO

We evaluated the reproducibility and validity of an FFQ used in a Chinese community-based nutrition and health survey. A total of ninety-nine males and 104 females aged 31-80 years completed four three consecutive 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR, served as a reference method, one three consecutive 24-HDR for each season) and two FFQ (FFQ1 and FFQ2) over a 1-year interval. The reproducibility of the FFQ was estimated with correlation coefficients, misclassification and weighted κ statistic. The validity was evaluated by comparing the data obtained from FFQ2 with the mean 24-HDR (m24-HDR). Compared with the m24-HDR, the FFQ tended to underestimate intake of most nutrients and food groups. For all nutrients and food groups, the Spearman's and intra-class correlation coefficients between FFQ1 and FFQ2 ranged from 0·66 to 0·88 and from 0·65 to 0·87, respectively. Most correlation coefficients decreased after adjusting for energy. More than 90% of the subjects were classified into the same or adjacent categories by both FFQ. For all nutrients and food groups, the crude, energy-adjusted and de-attenuated Spearman's correlation coefficients between FFQ2 and the m24-HDR ranged from 0·21 to 0·69, 0·19 to 0·58 and 0·25 to 0·71, respectively. More than 70% of the subjects were classified into the same and adjacent categories by both instruments. Both weighted κ statistic and the Bland-Altman plots showed reasonably acceptable agreement between the FFQ2 and the m24-HDR. The FFQ developed for adults in the Nanjing area can be used to reliably and validly measure usual intake of major nutrients and food groups.


Assuntos
Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Estudos Transversais , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Rememoração Mental , Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 21(3): 944-52, 2015 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25624729

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of centralized culture and possible influencing factors. METHODS: From January 2010 to July 2012, 66452 patients with suspected Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection from 26 hospitals in Zhejiang and Jiangsu Provinces in China underwent gastrointestinal endoscopy. Gastric mucosal biopsies were taken from the antrum for culture. These biopsies were transported under natural environmental temperature to the central laboratory in Hangzhou city and divided into three groups based on their transport time: 5, 24 and 48 h. The culture results were reported after 72 h and the positive culture rates were analyzed by a χ (2) test. An additional 5736 biopsies from H. pylori-positive patients (5646 rapid urease test-positive and 90 (14)C-urease breath test-positive) were also cultured for quality control in the central laboratory setting. RESULTS: The positive culture rate was 31.66% (21036/66452) for the patient samples and 71.72% (4114/5736) for the H. pylori-positive quality control specimens. In the 5 h transport group, the positive culture rate was 30.99% (3865/12471), and 32.84% (14960/45553) in the 24 h transport group. In contrast, the positive culture rate declined significantly in the 48 h transport group (26.25%; P < 0.001). During transportation, the average natural temperature increased from 4.67 to 29.14 °C, while the positive culture rate declined from 36.67% (1462/3987) to 24.12% (1799/7459). When the temperature exceeded 24 °C, the positive culture rate decreased significantly, especially in the 48 h transport group (23.17%). CONCLUSION: Transportation of specimens within 24 h and below 24 °C is reasonable and acceptable for centralized culture of multicenter H. pylori samples.


Assuntos
Serviços Centralizados no Hospital , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Meios de Transporte , Biópsia , Serviços Centralizados no Hospital/organização & administração , China , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Estudos de Viabilidade , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
15.
PLoS One ; 9(2): e89222, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24586607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D), a new generic preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument, has been validated for use in young people in both the UK and Australia. The main objectives of this study were to examine the feasibility of using a Chinese version of the CHU9D (CHU9D-CHN) to assess HRQoL and to investigate the association of physical activity, homework hours and sleep duration with HRQoL in children and adolescents in Mainland China. METHODS: Data were collected using a multi-stage sampling method from grades 4-12 students in May 2013 in Nanjing, China. Consenting participants (N = 815) completed a self-administered questionnaire including the CHU9D-CHN instrument and information on physical activity, homework and sleep duration, self-reported health status, and socio-demographic characteristics. Descriptive and multivariate linear regression analyses were undertaken. CHU9D-CHN utility scores were generated by employing two scoring algorithms currently available for the instrument, the first derived from UK adults utilising the standard gamble (SG) valuation method and the second derived from Australian adolescents utilising the best-worst scaling (BWS) method. RESULTS: It was found that CHU9D utility scores discriminated well in relation to self-reported health status and that better health status was significantly associated with higher utility scores regardless of which scoring algorithm was employed (both p<0.001). The adjusted mean utilities were significantly higher for physically active than inactive students (0.023 by SG, 0.029 by BWS scoring methods, p<0.05). An additional hour of doing homework and sleep duration were, separately, associated with mean utilities of -0.019 and 0.032 based on SG, and -0.021 and 0.040 according to BWS scoring algorithms (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: The CHU9D-CHN shows promise for measuring and valuing the HRQoL of children and adolescents in China. Levels of self-reported physical activity, homework and sleep time were important influencers of utility scores.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Infantil , Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , China , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
BMC Genomics ; 15: 144, 2014 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24555742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Penicillium chrysogenum has been used in producing penicillin and derived ß-lactam antibiotics for many years. Although the genome of the mutant strain P. chrysogenum Wisconsin 54-1255 has already been sequenced, the versatility and genetic diversity of this species still needs to be intensively studied. In this study, the genome of the wild-type P. chrysogenum strain KF-25, which has high activity against Ustilaginoidea virens, was sequenced and characterized. RESULTS: The genome of KF-25 was about 29.9 Mb in size and contained 9,804 putative open reading frames (orfs). Thirteen genes were predicted to encode two-component system proteins, of which six were putatively involved in osmolarity adaption. There were 33 putative secondary metabolism pathways and numerous genes that were essential in metabolite biosynthesis. Several P. chrysogenum virus untranslated region sequences were found in the KF-25 genome, suggesting that there might be a relationship between the virus and P. chrysogenum in evolution. Comparative genome analysis showed that the genomes of KF-25 and Wisconsin 54-1255 were highly similar, except that KF-25 was 2.3 Mb smaller. Three hundred and fifty-five KF-25 specific genes were found and the biological functions of the proteins encoded by these genes were mainly unknown (232, representing 65%), except for some orfs encoding proteins with predicted functions in transport, metabolism, and signal transduction. Numerous KF-25-specific genes were found to be associated with the pathogenicity and virulence of the strains, which were identical to those of wild-type P. chrysogenum NRRL 1951. CONCLUSION: Genome sequencing and comparative analysis are helpful in further understanding the biology, evolution, and environment adaption of P. chrysogenum, and provide a new tool for identifying further functional metabolites.


Assuntos
Genoma Fúngico , Genômica , Penicillium chrysogenum/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Sistemas de Secreção Bacterianos/genética , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Biologia Computacional , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Penicillium chrysogenum/metabolismo , Filogenia , Regiões não Traduzidas/genética
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