Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.654
Filtrar
1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(11): 115001, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798346

RESUMO

We report on a precision energy loss measurement and theoretical investigation of 100 keV/u helium ions in a hydrogen-discharge plasma. Collision processes of helium ions with protons, free electrons, and hydrogen atoms are ideally suited for benchmarking plasma stopping-power models. Energy loss results of our experiments are significantly higher than the predictions of traditional effective charge models. We obtained good agreement with our data by solving rate equations, where in addition to the ground state, also excited electronic configurations were considered for the projectile ions. Hence, we demonstrate that excited projectile states, resulting from collisions, leading to capture-, ionization-, and radiative-decay processes, play an important role in the stopping process in plasma.

2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(4): 363-368, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831996

RESUMO

Objective: To construct a prediction model of gastric cancer related methylation using machine learning algorithms based on genomic data. Methods: The gene mutation data, gene expression data and methylation chip data of gastric cancer were downloaded from The Caner Genome Atlas database, feature selection was conducted, and support vector machine (radial basis function), random forest and error back propagation (BP) neural network models were constructed; the model was verified in the new data set. Results: Among the three machine learning models, BP neural network had the highest test efficiency (F1 score=0.89,Kappa=0.66, area under curve=0.93). Conclusion: Machine learning algorithms, particularly BP neural network, can be used to take advantages of the genomic data for discovering molecular markers, and to help identify characteristic methylation sites of gastric cancer.

4.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(4): 354-359, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832023

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the epidemiological characteristics and clinical features of patients with fatal coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in order to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods: In this retrospective study, we analyzed data on 141 fatal cases of confirmed COVID-19 that occurred among patients in Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan, China, from January 20 to March 6, 2020. We analyzed their epidemiological characteristics, clinical and radiological features, laboratory results, and treatment. Results: Of the 141 patients (49 females, 92 males), the median age was 77 years (range: 24-92 years). The most likely source of exposure included the Huanan seafood market (n=3, 2%), family members (n=6, 4%), and hospital-acquired infection (n=8, 6%). The remaining 116 patients (72%) had no known source of exposure. Of the patients, 101 (72%) had chronic diseases. The most common comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes and coronary heart disease. The most common clinical manifestations were fever (n=121, 85%), dry cough (n=77, 54%), shortness of breath (n=23, 16%), and chest pain (n=15, 10%). Less common clinical manifestations included fatigue (n=7, 4%), headache (n=3, 2%), disorders of consciousness (n=2, 1%), diarrhea (n=2, 1%) and lumbago (n=1, 0.7%). In terms of laboratory tests, the absolute value of lymphocytes in most patients was reduced (n=132, 94%), but C-reactive protein (n=141, 100%), procalcitonin(n=121, 89%), serum amyloid (n=140, 99%) were significantly increased. The most common findings on imaging of the lungs were bilateral multiple mottling and ground-glass opacity (n=101, 72%), mainly in the lower lobes (n=15, 10%), with lesions being more common on the right. Other imaging findings included diffuse consolidation (n=4, 3%), ground-glass opacity and consolidation (n=20, 14%), and pneumothorax (n=1, 0.7%). All patients were treated with antibiotics and antiviral drugs. Other treatments included immunoglobulin (n=49, 35%), corticosteroids (n=45, 32%), continuous renal replacement therapy (n=24, 17%), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (n=12, 9%). All patients were treated with oxygen therapy. The mode of administration included invasive mechanical ventilation (n=61, 43%), noninvasive mechanical ventilation (n=65, 46%), and nasal catheter oxygen inhalation (n=15, 11%). The direct causes of death were acute respiratory distress syndrome (n=90, 64%), multiple organ failure (n=24, 17%), sudden cardiac arrest (n=11, 8%), viral myocarditis (n=8, 5%), acute myocardial infarction (n=4, 3%), cerebrovascular accident (n=3, 2%), and acute gastrointestinal bleeding (n=1, 0.7%). Conclusions: Risk factors for death due to COVID-19 included older age, male sex, and the presence of comorbidities. The most common direct causes of death were acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ failure, sudden cardiac arrest, and viral myocarditis.

6.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(4): 245-250, 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832047

RESUMO

Adolescent myopia has become one of the researchers' focuses among visual problems around the world. Carrying out a scientific and efficient epidemiological study on myopia is an essential basis for discovering the rules of the occurrence and the development of myopia, exploring related influencing factors and identifying the mechanisms, which are critical for the policy-making for myopia control. The epidemiological studies of myopia at home and abroad have a long history of exploration, standardization and unification, and are enriched by new technologies and up-to-date discoveries. Based on the characteristics of social development and the prevalence of adolescent myopia in the past six decades, the epidemiological studies on myopia are divided into four stages in this article. Each stage is specified and analyzed to identify the difference in research methods and strategies. The main scientific issues and research elements in the current epidemiology of myopia in adolescents are put forward. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57:245-250).

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(6): 2511-2516, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application of computed tomography (CT) perfusion imaging in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its correlation with angiogenesis and lymph node metastasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients with NSCLC were selected as the study subjects. They were admitted to our hospital from January 2013 to January 2018. All patients were examined by CT perfusion imaging after admission. The differences and correlations of CT perfusion imaging parameters between patients with different angiogenesis and pathological conditions were analyzed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in CT perfusion imaging parameters between patients with different tissue types. Blood flow (BF) in patients with lymph node metastasis was significantly higher than that in patients with non-lymph node metastasis. Blood value (BV) and peak enhancement index (PEI) in patients with lymph node metastasis were lower than those in patients with non-lymph node metastasis. There was no significant difference in mean transit time (MTT) between patients with different lymph node metastasis. The BF of stage I-II patients was significantly higher than that of stage III-IV patients, and there was no significant difference in other indexes (p < 0.05). There was significant difference in micro-vessel density (MVD) between patients with different pathological tissues and lymphatic metastasis (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in MVD between patients with different TNM stages (p > 0.05). Lymph node metastasis and MVD are negatively correlated with CT perfusion imaging indices BF, BV and PEI, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CT perfusion imaging technology can reflect the formation of pulmonary capillaries and the ability of metastasis and dissemination of tumors to a certain extent.

8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(6): 2637-2653, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829451

RESUMO

There are potential concerns related to bleeding caused by oral anticoagulants, especially in the elderly. Andexanet alfa has been authorized for use to reverse the effects of oral anticoagulants. Off-label use of four factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) for the reversal of oral factor Xa inhibitors is common. However, not much is known about their efficacy and safety profile. The intent of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 4F-PCC and andexanet alfa for management of major bleeding due to oral factor Xa inhibitors. Comprehensive searches were done systematically through PubMed, Scopus and Google scholar databases. Studies that were retrospective record based or adopted prospective cohort approach and reported either of the three main outcomes, i.e., achieved hemostasis rate or rate of thrombotic events or mortality rate were included in the meta-analysis. Statistical analyses were done using STATA version 13.0. A total of 22 studies were included in the meta-analysis. All the studies had a single arm with no control/comparator group. The pooled rate of good to excellent hemostatic control upon use of andexanet was 80% (95% CI; 72% to 88%) and for 4F-PCC, it was 76% (95% CI; 70% to 83%). A comparatively higher pooled rate of thrombotic complications upon use of andexanet [13% (95% CI; 5% to 20%) was noted, compared to use of aPCC/4F-PCC [4% (95% CI; 3% to 5%). The pooled all-cause mortality rate within 30 days of administration was 24% (95% CI; 12% to 35%) with andexanet use and 19% (95% CI; 14% to 25%) for aPCC/4F-PCC. The findings suggest that use of both andexanet and aPCC/4F-PCC achieves a good hemostasis but there is an associated risk of thrombotic events and mortality. Future studies should have a control group to better establish evidence on efficacy and safety of these agents.

9.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 49-53, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780184

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To explore the causes and characteristics of medical disputes caused by death after cardiac surgery and to analyze the pathological changes after cardiac surgery and the key points of forensic anatomy, thus to provide pathological evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment of cardiac surgery and judicial appraisal as well as reference for the prevention of medical disputes in such cases. Methods Forensic pathological cases of medical disputes caused by death after cardiac surgery which were accepted by the Center for Medicolegal Expertise of Sun Yat-Sen University from 2013 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively from aspects such as causes of death, pathological diagnosis, surgery condition, medical misconduct, and so on. Results The causes of death after cardiac surgery of 43 patients were abnormal operation, low cardiac output syndrome, postoperative infection, postoperative thrombosis, and other diseases. Among the 43 cases, there were 18 cases without medical fault while 25 cases had medical fault. Conclusion The medical disputes caused by death after cardiac surgery are closely related to the operative technique and postoperative complications. The causes of medical faults include defects in diagnosis and treatment technique, as well as unfulfillment of duty of care.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Dissidências e Disputas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Medicina Legal , Patologia Legal , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(11): 786-791, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765719

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effects of neuromuscular exercise therapy on joint stability of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Methods: One hundred and ten patients with knee OA were enrolled in this ongoing prospective cohort study at Arthritis Clinic and Research Center, Peking University People's Hospital from September 2017 to October 2018. The treatment consisted of six-week neuromuscular exercise therapy. The participants were followed up at 6 weeks and 3 months after the therapy. The stability of the joint was evaluated by the index of knee joint stability (IKJS), which was extracted by a novel knee-aiming task combined with the multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis of the complexity of the light spot trajectories. The secondary outcomes were pain on the visual analogue scale (VAS, 0-100), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), quality of life on the Euro-quality of life-5 Dimensional (EQ-5D) VAS form, 30-second chair stand test and 40-meter walk test. One-way repeated measures ANOVA analysis was applied to compare the outcomes at baseline and 6 weeks and 3 months. Pearson partial analysis was used to investigate the correlation between the IKJS and the Kellgren-Lawrence (K/L) rate, pain and knee function. Results: Ninety-six participants ((65±8) years, 21 males, 75 females) completed 3-month follow-up. There was a significant improvement in IKJS at the 6-week visit compared with that at baseline (0.369, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.241-0.496, P<0.001). The IKJS dropped at 3-month visit compared with 6-week visit, but was still better than that at baseline (0.178, 95%CI: 0.042-0.314, P=0.008). The correlation between IKJS and K/L rate, severity of pain, WOMAC or knee function was not significant (r=-0.131, -0.059, -0.231, 0.124, all P>0.05). There was improvement in pain VAS, WOMAC, EQ-5D-VAS, 30-second chair stand test and 40-meter walk test at 6 weeks and 3 months (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The neuromuscular exercise therapy is effective in improving the joint stability of the knee OA patients. However, the effect gradually diminished over time. In addition, neuromuscular exercise can help relieve pain, improve the function and quality of life in patients with knee OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 180: 392-402, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737185

RESUMO

The present work focuses on the development of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) film that derived from sustainable biomass resources, which potentially to work as bio-based conductive membranes that assembled into supercapacitors. The chemically purified cellulose was isolated from different parts of coconut (coconut shell and its husk) and further subjected to 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical (TEMPO)-mediated oxidation for CNF preparation. Physicochemical properties of prepared CNFs were studied in terms of chemical characteristics & crystallinity, surface functionalities, surface morphology, and thermal properties. Both coconut shell-derived CNF and coconut husk-derived CNF fulfilled with nanocellulose's characteristics with fibres width ranged of 70-120 nm and 150-330 nm, respectively. CNF films were further prepared by solvent casting method to measure the modulus elasticity, piezoelectric and dielectric properties of the films. Mechanical study indicated that coconut shell-derived CNF film showed a higher value of elastic modulus than the coconut husk-derived CNF film, which was 8.39 GPa and 5.36 GPa, respectively. The effectiveness of electrical aspects for CNF films are well correlated with the crystallinity and thermal properties, associated with it's composition of different coconut's part.

12.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662140

RESUMO

Dedicator of cytokinesis 2 (Dock2), an atypical guanine exchange factor, is specifically expressed on immune cells and mediates cell adhesion and migration by activating Rac and regulates actin cytoskeleton remodeling. It plays a crucial role in the migration, formation of immune synapses, cell proliferation, activation of T and B lymphocytes and chemotaxis of pDCs and neutrophils. However, in-vivo physiological functions of Dock2 have been relatively seldom studied. Our previous studies showed that Dock2-/- mice were highly susceptible to colitis induced by Citrobacter rodentium infection, and in early infection, Dock2-/- mice had defects in macrophage migration. However, the specific roles of Dock2 in the migration and functions of macrophages are not clear. In this study, we found that the expression of chemokines such as chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL)4 and CCL5 and chemokine receptors such as chemokine (C-C motif) receptor (CCR)4 and CCR5 in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) of Dock2-/- mice decreased after infection, which were supported by the in-vivo infection experimental results; the Transwell experiment results showed that Dock2-/- BMDM had a defect in chemotaxis. The bacterial phagocytic and bactericidal experiment results also showed that Dock2-/- BMDM had the defects of bacterial phagocytosis and killing. Furthermore, the adoptive transfer of wild-type BMDM alleviated the susceptibility of Dock2-/- mice to C. rodentium infection. Our results show that Dock2 affects migration and phagocytic and bactericidal ability of macrophages by regulating the expression of chemokines, chemokine receptors and their responses to chemokine stimulation, thus playing an essential role in the host defense against enteric bacterial infection.

13.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675535

RESUMO

Malignant lymphoma (ML) is a common hematological malignancy with many subtypes. Patients with ML usually undergo traditional treatment failure and become relapsed or refractory (R/R) cases. Recently, immunotherapy, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and cellular treatment, has gradually emerged and used in clinical trials with encouraging achievements for ML treatment, which exerts anti-tumor activity by blocking the immune evasion of tumor cells and enhancing the attack ability of immune cells. Targets of immune checkpoints include programmed cell death-1 (PD-1), programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), T cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT), T cell immunoglobulin-3 (TIM-3) and lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG-3). Examples of cellular treatment are chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells and natural killer (NK) cells. This review aimed to present the current progress and future prospects of immunotherapy in lymphoma, with the focus upon ICIs and cellular treatment.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(10): 5927-5935, 2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662067

RESUMO

Sulfate aerosol is responsible for a net cooling of the Earth's atmosphere due to its ability to backscatter light. Through atmospheric multiphase chemistry, it reacts with isoprene epoxydiols leading to the formation of aerosol and organic compounds, including organosulfates and high-molecular weight compounds. In this study, we evaluate how sulfate aerosol light backscattering is modified in the presence of such organic compounds. Our laboratory experiments show that reactive uptake of isoprene epoxydiols on sulfate aerosol is responsible for a decrease in light backscattering compared to pure inorganic sulfate particles of up to - 12% at 355 nm wavelength and - 21% at 532 nm wavelength. Moreover, while such chemistry is known to yield a core-shell structure, the observed reduction in the backscattered light intensity is discussed with Mie core-shell light backscattering numerical simulations. We showed that the observed decrease can only be explained by considering effects from the complex optical refractive index. Since isoprene is the most abundant hydrocarbon emitted into the atmosphere, and isoprene epoxydiols are the most important isoprene secondary organic aerosol precursors, our laboratory findings can aid in quantifying the direct radiative forcing of sulfates in the presence of organic compounds, thus more clearly resolving the impact of such aerosol particles on the Earth's climate.

15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(3): 207-214, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721960

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and its related factors in Wenzhou. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis. A total of 339 POAG patients diagnosed in the Wenzhou glaucoma progression study conducted in the Eye Hospital, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University from March 2014 to October 2019 were included. Quality of life of POAG patients was assessed by EQ-5D including the visual analogue scale (VAS). The effects of gender, age, visual field loss (VFL), family history of glaucoma, hypertension, diabetes, migraine, sleep quality, and amateur exercise on the quality of life were analyzed. The utility value (UV) and VAS score were expressed as the median (P25, P75), and Mann-Whitney U was used for the comparison between two groups. Kruskal-Wallis H was performed to compare the differences among multiple groups. Results: A total of 339 POAG patients were included in the study; 164 were males (48.4%), and 175 were females (51.6%). The mean age was (63±10) years. Thirty-four patients (10.0%) had received medication (including one with combined surgical treatment), while the remaining 305 patients (90.0%) had received no anti-glaucoma treatment. Among the patients, 10.5% (32/305) had no VFL, 68.9% (210/305) had mild VFL, 17.0% (52/305) had moderate VFL, and 3.6% (11/305) had severe VFL. In all patients, the median of UV was 1.000 (1.000, 1.000), the mean of UV was 0.964, and the median of VAS score was 80 (75, 90), the mean of VAS score was 81.58. Anxiety or depression and pain or discomfort occurred in 45.7% (43/94) and 34.1% (32/94), respectively, of POAG patients with decreased UVs, as well as mobility constraints in 13.8 % (13/94) and usual activity constraints in 6.4% (6/94). The median of UV of the eye with a better visual field in the group without VFL or with mild or moderate VFL was 1.000 (1.000, 1.000), and in the group with severe VFL was 1.000 (0.862, 1.000), but there was no significant difference in the UV and the VAS score of the eye with a better visual field among groups with different degrees of VFL (both P>0.05). There was statistically significant difference in the UV among groups with different sleep qualities (H=17.465; P<0.01). Using pairwise comparison, the median of UV of the very good sleep group was 1.000 (1.000, 1.000), significantly different to the slightly poor sleep group 1.000 (0.866, 1.000) (z=3.613; P<0.05). The median of UV in patients with migraine was 1.000 (0.875, 1.000), without migraine 1.000 (1.000, 1.000), and in patients with hypertension was 1.000 (0.875, 1.000), without hypertension 1.000 (1.000, 1.000), and in patients with diabetes was 1.000 (0.875, 1.000), without diabetes was 1.000 (1.000, 1.000), the difference was statistically significant (Z=-2.189, -3.864, -2.417; all P<0.05). The UV was not related to age, gender, family history of glaucoma, amateur exercise, alcohol and tobacco, and history of anti-glaucoma medication (all P>0.05). Conclusions: VFL is related to the UV of POAG patients in Wenzhou. Quality of life in mild POAG patients is good but decrease in advanced POAG patients. Sleep quality, systemic complications and physical or psychological discomfort impact on quality of life in POAG patients. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 207-214).


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Campos Visuais
16.
Methods ; 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662562

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of RNAs distinguished by their single-stranded, covalently-closed topology. Although initially perceived as rare byproducts of aberrant splicing, circRNAs are now recognized as ubiquitously expressed and functionally significant. These discoveries have led to a growing need for ways to model circRNAs in living cells to advance our understanding of their biogenesis, regulation, and function, and to adopt them as new technologies for application within research and medicine. In this review, we provide an updated summary of approaches used to produce circRNAs in vitro and in vivo, the latter of which has grown considerably in recent years. Given increased interest in the unique functions carried out by individual circRNAs, we further dedicate a section on how to customize synthesized circRNAs for specific biological roles. We focus on the most common applications, including designing circRNAs for protein delivery, to target miRNAs and proteins, to act as fluorescent reporters, and to modulate cellular immunity.

17.
Poult Sci ; 100(3): 100949, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652523

RESUMO

Intestinal integrity, digestive enzyme activity, nutrient utilization, and egg quality of laying hens at different ages were evaluated and compared in this study. A total of 192 Hy-line Brown laying hens at 195-d-old (D195 group), 340-d-old (D340 group), and 525-d-old (D525 group) were allocated into one of 3 groups in accordance with their ages. Each group had 8 replicates of 8 birds each, and all birds were fed a maize-soybean meal basal diet for a 2-wk experiment. Compared with the D195 group, intestinal villus height and ratio of villus height to crypt depth, as well as serum D-lactate content increased in the D525 group (P < 0.05). The sucrase and maltase activities in the jejunal mucosa, amylase activity in the pancreas, and trypsin activity in the jejunal chyme of 525-d-old hens were lower than their 195-d-old counterparts (P < 0.05). In addition, there was a decline of trypsin and lipase activities in the ileal chyme of hens from D525 group in comparison with D195 or D340 group (P < 0.05). Apparent retention of dry matter and crude protein of birds in D340 and D525 group decreased when compared with the D195 group (P < 0.05). Moreover, birds in the D525 group exhibited a lower level of ether extract retention, and higher contents of several excreted amino acids than those in the D195 group (P < 0.05). Compared with the D195 group, eggs harvested from D525 group exhibited lower albumen height, eggshell strength and thickness, and a higher egg weight (P < 0.05). In conclusion, increased intestinal permeability (higher serum D-lactate content), compromised digestive function (lower digestive enzyme activities and apparent nutrient retention, and higher concentrations of excreted amino acids), and poor egg quality (lower albumen height, eggshell strength, and thickness) were observed with increasing age in the laying hens.

18.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(3): 218-224, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721935

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the distribution of blood eosinophils (EOS) in COPD patients in the community and outpatient clinics, and to study the clinical characteristics and influencing factors of COPD patients with high EOS counts. Methods: This study included 237 patients with stable COPD, of which the median age was 68 years and males accounted for 81.2%. There were 45 community patients from the China Pulmonary Health study conducted in 2012-2013 and another 192 outpatients who attended the Respiratory Department of Peking University Third Hospital from August 2013 to November 2014 or from September 2015 to May 2018. Taking 100 cells/µl as the cut-off value, it was divided into high EOS group (146 people, 61.6%) and low EOS group (91 people, 38.4%). We compared demographic characteristics, respiratory symptoms, acute exacerbation, lung function, inflammation, imaging and other indicators. Results: The median EOS count of community patients was 110.4 cells/µl, and that of outpatients was 110.0 cells/µl. There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of blood EOS among community and outpatients. The median EOS count of the general population was 110.0 cells/µl, and the median percentage was 1.8%. EOS≥300 cells/µl accounted for 11.4%. In the high EOS group, the percentage of male gender was higher (85.6% vs 74.7%), the GOLD grade was more severe, and the percentage of neutrophils was lower (61.70% vs 64.70%) (P<0.05 for these three characteristics). After multivariate analysis, the high EOS group was closely related to older age (OR=1.035, 95%CI:1.004-1.067, P=0.029), heavier GOLD grade (P=0.015) and lower percentage of neutrophils (OR=0.956, 95%CI:0.923-0.991, P=0.015). Conclusion: The distribution of blood EOS of COPD patients between the community and the outpatient clinics is not significantly different. About 60% of COPD patients have blood EOS≥100 cells/µl, which is associated with advanced age, male, severe airflow limitation, and low neutrophils.

19.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 130, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The research into the recurrence of cough variant asthma (CVA) in congenital heart disease (CHD) are few in number. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of CHD on the risk of the recurrence of CVA. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study of 489 children with CVA aged between one and 14 years, of whom 67 had CHD complicated with CVA and 134 had CVA without CHD at a ratio of 1:2 according to age, sex and index year. The adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of CVA recurrence in both the CHD cohort and the non-CHD cohort was determined by multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazard regression model. RESULTS: Adjusting for CHD classification, Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP) infection and immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization, the recurrence hazard of CVA in the complex congenital heart disease (CCHD) group (aHR = 3.281; 95% CI 1.648-6.530; P < 0.01) was significantly higher than that in the simple congenital heart disease group (aHR = 2.555; 95% CI 1.739-3.752; P < 0.01). Further, children with IgE sensitization (aHR = 2.172; 95% CI 1.482-3.184; P < 0.01) had a higher recurrence hazard of CVA than those without IgE sensitization, and children with MP infection (aHR = 1.777; 95% CI 1.188-2.657; P < 0.01) had a higher recurrence hazard of CVA than those without the MP infection. CONCLUSION: The hazard of recurrent CVA is higher in children with CHD, especially in the CCHD children. In addition, those children with IgE sensitization or a MP infection had an increased hazard of recurrent CVA.

20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(9): 647-653, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685047

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness and safety of different methods to construct animal models of aortic arch dissection (AAD), and explore safe and effective methods for constructing AAD animal models. Methods: Twenty-four healthy mongrel dogs were divided into 4 groups by random number table (n=6). Group A: Venous incision needle high pressure water flow impact method; Group B: Venous incision needle non-high pressure water flow impact method; Group C: Transarterial sheath non-high pressure water flow impact method; Group D: Two-way balloon expansion combined with elastase perfusion method. Imaging examinations were performed immediately and 7 days after operation, aortic tissue biopsy and pathological staining were performed 15 days after operation to observe the formation of AAD. The operation time, aortic blood flow block time, model construction success rate, dissection tear length, postoperative survival rate and survival time of four groups of experimental dogs were collected to compare the effectiveness and safety of different construction methods. Results: There were no significant difference of the gender, age and weight between four groups of experimental dogs (all P>0.05). The operation time of four groups of experimental dogs were (111.6±8.0), (168.0±17.4), (164.4±13.9), (202.8±21.5)min, and the difference was statistically significant (F=39.973, P<0.001). The operation time of group A was significantly lower than group B, C and D (all P<0.001). The aortic blood flow block time of four groups of experimental dogs were (5.2±1.8), (19.6±3.8), (20.6±3.9), and (18.6±3.0) min, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.001). The aortic blood flow block time of group A was significantly lower than group B, C and D (F=27.598, P<0.001). The four groups of experimental dogs had 5, 5, 4, and 1 model were successfully constructed, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.008). The successful rate of model construction in group A was significantly higher than that in group D (P=0.040). The dissection tear length of four groups were (14.4±3.0), (11.3±4.2), (7.0±2.3), (4.7±0.6) cm,and the difference was statistically significant (F=8.103, P=0.003). The dissection tear length of group A was significantly longer than group C, D (all P<0.05). The postoperative survival time were 15.0(10.0, 15.0), 5.0(3.0, 10.0), 3.5(1.5, 4.8), 10.0(2.8, 15.0) days, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=7.825,P=0.036). The postoperative survival time of group A was significantly higher than group B, C (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the survival rate of the four groups (P=1.000). The pathological staining results showed that the elastic fiber at the tearing point of AAD was destroyed, and the elastic fiber on the outer wall of the false cavity was over-stretched, which was consistent with the pathological changes of aortic dissection. Conclusion: Transvenous incision needle high-pressure water flow impact modeling method is easy to operate. The aortic blood flow block time is short, the dissection tear length is wide, and the postoperative survival time is long, can be used as the preferred method of animal AAD model construction.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Animais , Aorta Torácica , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Dissecação , Cães , Humanos , Modelos Animais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...