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1.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 735-742, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478228

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains the most common malignant tumor worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs can modulate various tumorigenic processes. In addition, growing evidence has indicated tha the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway is activated in multiple cancers, including HCC. Recently, it was found that LINC00346 can participate in several cancers. Nevertheless, the biological roles of LINC00346 in HCC have been barely investigated. In this study, the function of LINC00346 was specifically concentrated upon. We observed that LINC00346 was obviously elevated in HCC cells (Bel7404, Huh-6, HepG2, and QGY-7703 cells). Then, Bel7404 and HepG2 cells were overexpressed with LINC00346. Overexpression of LINC00346 repressed HCC cell survival and cell proliferation. In addition, apoptosis of Bel7404 and HepG2 cells was triggered by LINC00346 upregulation. Bel7404 and HepG2 cell cycle was arrested in the G1 phase by LINC00346. Meanwhile, we conducted wound-healing assay and Transwell invasion assays. As shown, we observed that the migratory and invasive capacities of Bel7404 and HepG2 cells were remarkably restrained by the increase of LINC00346. Moreover, we showed that LINC00346 overexpression activated the JAK-STAT3 pathway, which is involved in many cancers. Afterward, in vivo experiments were utilized and we proved that LINC00346 was able to induce HCC tumor growth via activating the JAK-STAT3 pathway. To conclude, we revealed the potential possibility of developing LINC00346 as an indicator for HCC.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221638, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in evaluating angiogenesis in a xenograft nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) model in nude mice and the evolution of CEUS parameters according to the growth of NPC. METHODS: Nude mice were divided into three groups according to experiments conducted at various times from tumor implantation (8 mice/group; group A: 4 weeks from implantation; group B:6 weeks from implantation; group C:8 weeks from implantation). CNE-2 cells were transplanted in 24 nude mice and CEUS evaluations of the tumors were performed at 4, 6 or 8 weeks from implantation. CEUS parametric perfusion images and pathological findings were recorded. R version 3.4.4 software was used to analyze the CEUS parameters and pathological findings. RESULTS: One-way anova analysis indicated statistically significant differences among the three groups with the parameters of peak intensity (PI) (p<0.001), area wash in (AWI) (p<0.001), area wash out (AWO) (p<0.001) and tumor volumes (p<0.001).Pearson correlation coefficient analysis indicated that microvessel density (MVD) was correlated with tumor volume (r = 0.644, p = 0.001), PI (r = 0.904, p<0.0001), AWI (r = 0.547, p = 0.008) and AWO (r = 0.744, P<0.0001). Tumor volume was correlated with MVD (r = 0.644, p = 0.001), PI (r = 0.625, p = 0.002), AWI (r = 0.528, p = 0.012) and AWO (r = 0.784, p<0.001). The percentage of necrosis in histological sections was correlated with the percentage of CEUS unperfused area (r = 0.446,p = 0.038). Spearman rank correlation coefficient analysis indicated that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was correlated with PI (r = 0.462, P = 0.032). Welch t test indicated PI, AWI and AWO parameters were significantly lower than that of kidneys (p<0.001, p = 0.009, p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The CEUS parameters PI, AWI and AWO indirectly reflect the MVD and the tumor volume in our model of subcutaneous transplanted NPC in nude mice, providing precious information on angiogenesis and tumor growth. VEGF may play a role in promoting angiogenesis of NPC.

3.
Discov Med ; 27(150): 227-233, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), including the enhancement patterns and the quantitative parameters. METHODS: Having been scanned using conventional ultrasonography (US) and CEUS, every case was confirmed to be NPC under endoscopic biopsy, and no case received any anti-tumor treatment before CEUS examinations. Tumor/node/metastasis stages were determined in accordance with 2002 AJCC 6th edition. Contrast enhancement patterns and quantitative parameters were observed. RESULTS: CEUS imaging of NPC showed that the tumor signal intensity enhanced early, rapidly, and remarkably, and decreased slowly later. The patterns of enhancement included spot/linear enhancement, peripheral enhancement, and mass enhancement, and two types of time intensity curves of NPC included type I and type II. There was a significant difference between peak intensity (PI) and T stage (P<0.05), whereas time-to-peak (TP) and slope did not show significant differences with T stage (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: CEUS is feasible to be applied to the nasopharynx region. The use of CEUS makes it possible to observe vascular permeability of NPC. Our results suggest that the quantitative parameter PI of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is significantly different from T stages. Thus, PI may serve as a potential noninvasive radiological prognostic indicator for NPC.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/química , Aumento da Imagem , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
4.
Nanotechnology ; 23(4): 045303, 2012 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22222308

RESUMO

In this paper, the high performance GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with embedded microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) were demonstrated. Microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask were clearly observed at the interface between GaN nanorods (NRs) and the overgrown GaN layer by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From the reflectance spectra we show strong reflectance differences due to the different refractive index gradient between the GaN grown on the nanotemplate and sapphire. It can increase the light extraction efficiency due to additional light scattering. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show the threading dislocations were suppressed by nanoscale epitaxial lateral overgrowth (NELOG). The LEDs with embedded microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask exhibit smaller reverse-bias current and large enhancement of the light output (65% at 20 mA) compared with conventional LEDs.

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