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1.
Small ; 16(13): e1906433, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141179

RESUMO

The wide applications of Ni-rich LiNi1- x-y Cox Mny O2 cathodes are severely limited by capacity fading and voltage fading during the cycling process resulting from the pulverization of particles, interfacial side reactions, and phase transformation. The canonical surface modification approach can improve the stability to a certain extent; however, it fails to resolve the key bottlenecks. The preparation of Li(Ni0.4 Co0.2 Mn0.4 )1- x Tix O2 on the surface of LiNi0.8 Co0.1 Mn0.1 O2 particles with a coprecipitation method is reported. After sintering, Ti diffuses into the interior and mainly distributes along surface and grain boundaries. A strong surface and grain boundary strengthening are simultaneously achieved. The pristine particles are fully pulverized into first particles due to mechanical instability and high strains, which results in serious capacity fading. In contrast, the strong surface and the grain boundary strengthening can maintain the structural integrity, and therefore significantly improve the cycle stability. A general and simple strategy for the design of high-performance Ni-rich LiNi1- x - y Cox Mny O2 cathode is provided and is applicable to surface modification and grain-boundary regulation of other advanced cathodes for batteries.

2.
Epilepsy Behav ; 106: 107022, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We developed and validated a prediction score for predicting the probability of 6-month and 12-month seizure freedom of antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment in newly diagnosed patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative epilepsy. METHODS: The development cohort included 543 consecutive patients from the Epilepsy Center of Henan Provincial People's Hospital, while the validation cohorts included 493 consecutive patients in two independent cohorts. Univariate analysis and a forward and backward elimination of multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to select predictive factors. The performance of the score was evaluated with C-index, calibration plots, and decision curve analysis. The risk stratification was also performed. RESULTS: The score included five routinely available predictors including Circadian rhythms, Electroencephalography before AED treatment, Neuropsychiatric disorders, Perinatal brain injury, and History of central nervous system infection (CENPH score). When applied to the external validation cohort, the score showed good discrimination with C-index (development group: 0.83; validation group: 0.78), and calibration plots indicated well calibration, as well as the decision curve analysis showed good predictive accuracy and clinical values in four cohorts. The points of the score were categorized to the following three probability levels for predicting seizure freedom: high probability (0-83.11 points), medium probability (83.11-122.71 points), and low probability (>122.71 points). And online calculator was established to make this score easily applicable in clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: We established a simple, practical, and evidence-based prediction score for predicting seizure freedom with AEDs to aid in the clinical consultation and treatment decision for the newly diagnosed patients with MRI-negative epilepsy.

3.
Ther Drug Monit ; 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate how age and genetic polymorphisms of UGT1A6 and UGT2B7 contribute to the concentrations of valproic acid (VPA) and its hepatotoxic metabolites in Chinese pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: A total of 122 children with epilepsy were genotyped at 19T>G, 541A>G, and 552A>C in UGT1A6 and -161C>T and 802C>T in UGT2B7 using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method or direct sequencing method. The concentrations of VPA, 4-ene-VPA, and 2,4-diene-VPA were simultaneously determined using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Significant association was observed between the UGT2B7 802C>T genotype and dose-adjusted concentrations of VPA, 4-ene-VPA, and 2,4-diene-VPA. The younger children had increased concentrations of the hepatotoxic metabolites and decreased levels of VPA. The allele status of UGT2B7 802C>T had no influence on the metabolite ratios within age groups but showed a significant difference among the age groups. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that UGT2B7 802C>T polymorphism and age are factors affecting the concentrations of dose-adjusted VPA and its metabolites. No genotype-related differences were noted in the metabolite ratios of 4-ene-VPA and 2,4-diene-VPA within age-assigned groups. Therefore, careful administration is particularly necessary for younger patients who are UGT2B7 802C>T poor metabolizers.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(12): 1807-1810, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950128

RESUMO

A novel Golgi-targeting Cys-specific fluorescent probe (Gol-Cys) was synthesized. Probe Gol-Cys is not only sufficiently sensitive to native Cys in living cells and zebrafish, but also can be used for monitoring the Cys level during Golgi stress.

5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 541, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992713

RESUMO

The fast development of high-resolution electron microscopy (EM) demands a background-noise-free substrate to support the specimens, where atomically thin graphene membranes can serve as an ideal candidate. Yet the preparation of robust and ultraclean graphene EM grids remains challenging. Here we present a polymer- and transfer-free direct-etching method for batch fabrication of robust ultraclean graphene grids through membrane tension modulation. Loading samples on such graphene grids enables the detection of single metal atoms and atomic-resolution imaging of the iron core of ferritin molecules at both room- and cryo-temperature. The same kind of hydrophilic graphene grid allows the formation of ultrathin vitrified ice layer embedded most protein particles at the graphene-water interface, which facilitates cryo-EM 3D reconstruction of archaea 20S proteasomes at a record high resolution of ~2.36 Å. Our results demonstrate the significant improvements in image quality using the graphene grids and expand the scope of EM imaging.


Assuntos
Grafite/química , Microscopia Eletrônica/instrumentação , Microscopia Eletrônica/métodos , Fenômenos Químicos , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Elétrons , Desenho de Equipamento , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Membranas , Polímeros , Proteínas
6.
Int Health ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ultimate objective of rural health reform and development is to establish a mature healthcare service system that adapts to the socialist market economy and the developmental level of the Chinese economy and meets the health demands of the people. Reform of the payment system is one of the key elements. This article explores the effect of the system and the causes of benefit inequity, provides an objective evaluation of policy implementation and offers data support for policy adjustment. METHODS: A two-stage stratified random sampling data collection method comprising a survey in 2009 (the sample size was 3832 families) and a follow-up survey in 2015 (the sample size was 3992 families) was used. Qualitative data are presented as rates or ratios and the χ2 test was used for descriptive statistics. Quantitative data were analysed using a t test. A generalized linear model (GLM) with gamma distribution of the log connection function was adopted to analyse the factors of the compensation benefit inequity. The degree of the compensation benefit inequity contribution was analysed using the concentration index (CI) decomposition method and the Oaxaca decomposition method. RESULTS: Reimbursement refers to the reimbursement expense received by inpatients from the New Cooperative Medical System (NCMS). In the GLM, there were some positive factors for reimbursement in the NCMS, including economic level, level of health facility and deductibles. The CI decomposition analysis results show that the main factors that increased the compensation benefit inequity were economic levels and deductibles over the past 2 y. However, inpatient days (2009) and the actual reimbursement ratio (2015) decreased the inequity. The Oaxaca decomposition analysis results suggest that changes in compensation benefit inequity between 2009 and 2015 were more attributable to changes in economic status and variables related to policy compensation than to demographic variables. Conclusions: This study showed that inequity decreased from 2009 to 2015, which could be the result of adjustment of the compensation policy. However, we should remain vigilant lest the gap between the rich and the poor leads to an increase in inequity.

7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938961

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of distal caries in mandibular second molars (M2Ms) and its correlation with the three-dimensional position of mandibular third molars (M3Ms) by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT scans involving 421 M3Ms were assessed. The presence of distal caries of M2Ms, patient age and gender, impaction depths and mesial angulation of M3Ms, the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) distances and contact point localization, and the horizontal positions of M3Ms were assessed. Risk factors were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of distal caries in M2Ms was 31.6%. Mesial angulation (16°-75°) of M3Ms, contact point localization at or below the CEJ of M2Ms, and a buccal or lingual position of M3Ms relative to the molar line were identified as risk factors for the prevalence of distal caries in M2Ms (p < 0.05). Distal caries was more severe when the mesial angulation of M3Ms was 16°-75° (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Buccal or lingual position of M3Ms may represent a new risk factor for the distal caries in M2Ms. Mesial angulation (16°-75°) of M3Ms is a predictive parameter for both the presence and severity of distal caries in M2Ms. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: As the presence of distal caries in M2Ms is significantly associated with the three-dimensional position of M3Ms, watchful monitoring or prophylactic removal of M3Ms should be deliberated when M3Ms are mesially angulated (16°-75°), buccally or lingually positioned, and with the contact point localization at or below the CEJ of M2Ms.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 146(7): 1993-2006, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709528

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are crucial for the maintenance of peripheral tolerance, but they also limit beneficial responses through cancer-induced immunoediting. The roles of Treg subsets in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) are currently unknown. Here, we aimed to perform an extensive study with an increased resolution of the Treg compartment in the peripheral blood and tumor tissues of CSCC patients. We first identified that an HLADRhi Treg population in the peripheral blood was significantly increased in CSCC patients compared to precancer patients and healthy donors. We found that HLADRhi Tregs express high levels of a panel of inhibition and activation markers and the TCR-responsive transcription factors BATF and IRF4. However, this Treg subset showed reduced calcium influx after TCR crosslinking. In addition, HLADRhi Tregs are highly proliferative and vulnerable to apoptosis. Further studies demonstrated that the HLADRhi Tregs display high levels of suppressive activity. Quantitative multiplexed immunohistochemistry revealed that an increase in the number of tumor-infiltrating HLADRhi Tregs is associated with unfavorable classical risk parameters of advanced disease stage and stromal invasion. Context-based quantification revealed that a high frequency of stromal HLADRhi Tregs in patients is significantly associated with worse progression-free survival. In the current study, we characterized a population of highly activated and immunosuppressive HLADRhi Tregs in CSCC patients. An increased HLADRhi Treg frequency may be a potential biomarker to stratify CSCC patients and evaluate therapeutic efficacies in personalized immuno-oncology studies.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-DR/metabolismo , Imunomodulação , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biomarcadores , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Antígenos HLA-DR/imunologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ativação Linfocitária , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
9.
J Anim Sci ; 98(1)2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822918

RESUMO

The present study explored the potential effect of pterostilbene as a prophylactic treatment on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced intestinal injury of broiler chickens by monitoring changes in mucosal injury indicators, redox status, and inflammatory responses. In total, 192 one-day-old male Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly divided into four groups. This trial consisted of a 2 × 2 factorial design with a diet factor (supplemented with 0 or 400 mg/kg pterostilbene from 1 to 22 d of age) and a stress factor (intraperitoneally injected with saline or LPS at 5.0 mg/kg BW at 21 da of age). The results showed that LPS challenge induced a decrease in BW gain (P < 0.001) of broilers during a 24-h period postinjection; however, this decrease was prevented by pterostilbene supplementation (P = 0.031). Administration of LPS impaired the intestinal integrity of broilers, as indicated by increased plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) activity (P = 0.014) and d-lactate content (P < 0.001), reduced jejunal villus height (VH; P < 0.001) and the ratio of VH to crypt depth (VH:CD; P < 0.001), as well as a decreased mRNA level of jejunal tight junction protein 1 (ZO-1; P = 0.002). In contrast, pterostilbene treatment increased VH:CD (P = 0.018) and upregulated the mRNA levels of ZO-1 (P = 0.031) and occludin (P = 0.024) in the jejunum. Consistently, pterostilbene counteracted the LPS-induced increased DAO activity (P = 0.011) in the plasma. In addition, the LPS-challenged broilers exhibited increases in nuclear accumulation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 (P < 0.001), the protein content of tumor necrosis factor α (P = 0.033), and the mRNA abundance of IL-1ß (P = 0.042) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3; P = 0.019). In contrast, pterostilbene inhibited the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 (P = 0.039) and suppressed the mRNA expression of IL-1ß (P = 0.003) and NLRP3 (P = 0.049) in the jejunum. Moreover, pterostilbene administration induced a greater amount of reduced glutathione (P = 0.017) but a lower content of malondialdehyde (P = 0.023) in the jejunum of broilers compared with those received a basal diet. Overall, the current study indicates that dietary supplementation with pterostilbene may play a beneficial role in alleviating the intestinal damage of broiler chicks under the conditions of immunological stress.

10.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 19(3): 868-881, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871268

RESUMO

Considerable evidence suggests that as breast cancer progresses, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms contribute to the emergence of self-renewing cells (CSC), which may also arise as a consequence of metastasis. Although the molecular pathways that trigger stemness and metastasis are known, key molecular and mechanistic gaps in our understanding of these processes remain unclear. Here, we first screened the inflammation-associated stemness gene phosphodiesterase 3A (PDE3A) using a medium-throughput siRNA library, which was overexpressed in breast tumors and significantly correlated with clinical progression. PDE3A induced the inflammatory nuclear factor NFκB signaling pathway by suppressing cAMP/PKA, which promotes the expression of the stem cell marker OCT4. In addition, PDE3A also promoted the translocation of CCDC88A from the cytoplasm to nuclei, thereby boosting the invasion-metastasis cascade in breast cancer. Most importantly, the PDE3A-selective inhibitor cilostazol dramatically suppressed breast tumor growth and reduced metastasis to the lungs in xenograft breast cancer models, with minimum toxicity. Taken together, we show that PDE3A could predispose patients with breast cancer to metastases by acting as a mediator of cancer stemness. PDE3A is a potential therapeutic target for advanced breast cancer.

11.
Small ; 16(4): e1904964, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867858

RESUMO

The development of new type electrocatalysts with promising activity and antipoisoning ability is of great importance for electrocatalysis on alcohol oxidation. In this work, Pd nanowire (PdNW)/CuOx heterogeneous catalysts with different types of PdOCu interfaces (Pd/amorphous or crystalline CuOx ) are prepared via a two-step hydrothermal strategy followed by an air plasma treatment. Their interface-dependent performance on methanol and ethanol oxidation reaction (MOR and EOR) is clearly observed. The as-prepared PdNW/crystalline CuOx catalyst with 17.2 at% of Cu on the PdNW surface exhibits better MOR and EOR activity and stability, compared with that of PdNW/amorphous CuOx and pristine PdNW catalysts. Significantly, both the cycling tests and the chronoamperometric measurements reveal that the PdNW/crystalline CuOx catalyst yields excellent tolerance toward the possible intermediates including formaldehyde, formic acid, potassium carbonate, and carbon monoxide generated during the MOR process. The detailed analysis of their chemical state reveals that the enhanced activity and antipoison ability of the PdNW/crystalline CuOx catalyst originates from the electron-deficient Pdδ+ active sites which gradually turn into Pd5 O4 species during the MOR catalysis. The Pd5 O4 species can likely be stabilized by moderate crystalline CuOx decorated on the surface of PdNW due to the strong PdOCu interaction.

12.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1850-1865, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338836

RESUMO

The kidney ankyrin repeat-containing protein 1 (Kank1) gene is one of the most important members of the KANK family. Kank1 has hybridity deletion and promoter methylation in the cancer tissues of the brain, lung, kidney and the corresponding cell lines, leading to downregulation of the gene expression. Meanwhile, Kank1 also plays a key role in the occurrence and development of various types of tumors, suggesting that Kank1 may be an anti-oncogene. However, its role and the potential mechanisms in the Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) remain unclear. We examined the expression of Kank1 in OSCC tissues and explored its clinical significance. In addition, we investigated the effects of Kank1 on the biological behavior of OSCC cells and their specific molecular mechanisms. We found that Kank1 was poorly expressed in OSCC tissues and it is correlated with the OSCC stage and the patient's poor prognosis. By overexpression of Kank1, we found that the proliferation ability of the OSCC cells decreased both in vitro and in vivo, the proportion of apoptotic cells increased, and the mitochondrial transmembrane potential decreased. In terms of the molecular mechanism, we confirmed that Kank1 could inhibit the occurrence of OSCC by regulating Yap to inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of the OSCC cells. Moreover, it was found that the overexpression of YAP reversed those effects caused by Kank1 overexpression on the OSCC cells. In conclusion, the research indicated that Kank1 might play an anti-oncogenic role in OSCC and it could be considered to be a target for the diagnosis and the treatment of OSCC.

13.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769593

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women. Although the mortality rate of breast cancer has fallen over the past 10 years, effective treatments that reduce the occurrence of breast cancer metastasis remain lacking. In this study, we explored the role of receptor for hyaluronan mediated motility (RHAMM) and the associated signaling pathway in cell migration in luminal A breast cancer. We first examined RHAMM expression levels using human breast tissue microarray and patient breast tissues. We then studied the role of RHAMM in migration in luminal A breast cancer using loss-of-function and gain-of-function strategies in in vitro models and confirmed these findings in an in vivo model. Finally, we investigated signaling molecules that play a role in cell migration using western blot. Our results demonstrated the following: (a) RHAMM shows high expression levels in malignant breast tissue, (b) RHAMM shows low expression levels in luminal A breast cancer compared to other subtypes of breast cancer, (c) RHAMM inhibits cell migration in luminal A breast cancer, and (d) RHAMM inhibits cell migration via the AKT/GSK3ß/Snail axis in luminal A breast cancer. This study demonstrates a novel role of RHAMM in cell migration in luminal A breast cancer and suggests that therapeutic strategies involving RHAMM should be considered for various subtypes of breast cancer.

14.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(12): e974, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study sought to determine the effects of earthquake on the working memory of adults who experienced earthquake either as infants or fetuses and also investigates whether earthquake exposure and corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 (CRHR1) variants rs242924 and rs7209436 interacted with each other in modulating working memory. METHODS: We enrolled subjects who experienced the Tangshan Earthquake as fetuses (group I) or infants (group II), as well as those who did not experience the earthquake (group III). Their working memory was measured using Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) and Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R). Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CRHR1 rs242924 and rs7209436 were analyzed by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: The study enrolled 535 subjects, including 172 subjects in group I, 176 subjects group II, and 187 subjects in group III. Both group I and II had significantly lower BVMT-R scores than group III (p < .05). Moreover, no difference was observed in HVLT-R scores among the three groups (p > .05). The allele frequency was 84.7% for AA, 82.8% for TT, 13.6% for AC, and 15.9% for TC. C gene carriers in group II (t = -4.231, p < .01) and group I (t = -3.201, p < .05) had significantly lower visual spatial memory scores than group III. Furthermore, AT gene carriers had significantly lower visual spatial memory scores than C gene carriers in group III (t = 2.215, p < .05). Moreover, there was significant interaction between earthquake exposure and CRHR1 genotype in their effects on visual spatial memory (F = 4.028, p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Our cross-sectional study has demonstrated that infant or fetus exposure to earthquake impairs visual spatial memory during adulthood and CRHR1 polymorphisms and earthquake exposure may interact with each other to accentuate this impairment.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(45): 41946-41956, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638766

RESUMO

A nanoplatform for magnetic resonance imaging guidance and oxygen self-supplementing photodynamic therapy (PDT) was constructed on the basis of a porous metal-organic framework (PCN-222(Mn)), which was built by simple Mn-porphyrin ligands and biocompatible Zr4+ ions. Because of the good dispersibility of Mn3+ in the open framework and the high water affinity of the channel, PCN-222(Mn) exhibits a high longitudinal relaxivity of ∼35.3 mM-1 s-1 (1.0 T). In addition, it shows good catalytic activity for the conversion of endogenous hydrogen peroxide into oxygen, thereby improving tumor hypoxia during photodynamic therapy. The intravenous injection of PCN-222(Mn) into tumor-bearing mice mode provided good T1-weighted contrast of the tumor site and effectively inhibited tumor growth upon a single-laser irradiation. The findings provide insights for the development of multifunctional theranostic nanoplatforms based on simple components.

16.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 170: 113669, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628911

RESUMO

Valproic acid (VPA), a widely prescribed antiepileptic drug, is known to induce hepatotoxicity. However, the mechanisms underlying this toxicity are not well understood. In this study, we performed a nontargeted metabolomic analysis of children with epilepsy treated with VPA (n = 23). Metabolic pathway analysis showed that the fatty acid pathway, citrate cycle, urea cycle, amino acid metabolism, and bile acid pathway were altered in children with epilepsy exhibiting VPA hepatotoxicity. In particular, the VPA-induced perturbation of bile acid homeostasis has not been observed previously. Based on these findings, we performed a targeted metabolomic analysis to characterize bile acid profiles and further determined the effects of VPA on the synthesis, transport, and regulation of bile acids in mice. The bile acid metabolomic profiles of the livers of mice treated with VPA indicated an increase in most bile acids, especially chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and deoxycholic acid (DCA), as well as unconjugated bile acids. The upregulation of genes related to bile acid synthesis (CYP7A1 and CYP8B1) and the downregulation of genes related to conjugation (BAAT and BACS) and regulation (FXR and SHP) were detected in the liver, suggesting that hydrophobic bile acid production was increased and FXR signaling was impaired. Our results suggest that the perturbation of bile acid homeostasis and impaired FXR signaling are involved in VPA-induced hepatotoxicity, providing a novel insight into VPA hepatotoxicity.

17.
Analyst ; 144(23): 6975-6980, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631198

RESUMO

A novel pH-sensitive fluorescent probe has been designed and synthesized for sensing intracellular pH. This probe showed excellent water solubility, it was sensitive toward the pH range from 4 to 12, and it was especially sensitive in alkaline environments. During the pH changes from acidic to alkaline environments, the color of the solution turned from yellow to purple, thus the difference in color can be used to distinguish between acidic and alkaline systems. The other major features of probe pH-DCN including high selectivity, low toxicity, good reversibility and stability allowed pH-DCN to visualize fluctuations of the pH in live cells. Moreover, probe pH-DCN has successfully discriminated cancer cells from normal cells by monitoring their different intracellular pH levels.

18.
Small ; 15(44): e1903720, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515943

RESUMO

Potassium-ion batteries (KIBs) have come into the spotlight in large-scale energy storage systems because of cost-effective and abundant potassium resources. However, the poor rate performance and problematic cycle life of existing electrode materials are the main bottlenecks to future potential applications. Here, the first example of preparing 3D hierarchical nanoboxes multidimensionally assembled from interlayer-expanded nano-2D MoS2 @dot-like Co9 S8 embedded into a nitrogen and sulfur codoped porous carbon matrix (Co9 S8 /NSC@MoS2 @NSC) for greatly boosting the electrochemical properties of KIBs in terms of reversible capacity, rate capability, and cycling lifespan, is reported. Benefiting from the synergistic effects, Co9 S8 /NSC@MoS2 @NSC manifest a very high reversible capacity of 403 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1 after 100 cycles, an unprecedented rate capability of 141 mAh g-1 at 3000 mA g-1 over 800 cycles, and a negligible capacity decay of 0.02% cycle-1 , boosting promising applications in high-performance KIBs. Density functional theory calculations demonstrate that Co9 S8 /NSC@MoS2 @NSC nanoboxes have large adsorption energy and low diffusion barriers during K-ion storage reactions, implying fast K-ion diffusion capability. This work may enlighten the design and construction of advanced electrode materials combined with strong chemical bonding and integrated functional advantages for future large-scale stationary energy storage.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535260

RESUMO

As a major agricultural province in China, it is necessary to study the content of heavy metals in farmland soil and crop in Jilin Province and to evaluate the risks to ecology and human health. This study presented the work completed on 79 soil samples, 10 rice samples, 66 maize samples and 15 soybean samples collected from Jilin Province farmland and evaluated six heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Hg and As) concentrations. The results showed that the concentrations of the six heavy metals in farmland soil and crop samples from Jilin Province basically met the soil standards and food health standards of China. The agricultural soil pollution spatial distribution was the most serious in the south of Jilin Province and the lightest in the west. The non-carcinogenic risks faced by children eating crops were higher than those of adults, but the carcinogenic risks were lower than those of adults. Both of the two health risks to adults and children from eating crops were very limited. The results would help determine the heavy metals pollution in farmland soil in Jilin Province efficiently and accurately and helped decision makers to achieve a balance between production and environmental regulation.

20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 617, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long stay in forensic psychiatric hospitals is common in patients who are defined as "not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder". However, little is known about how these patients experience and perceive the long stay within these settings. The aim of this study is to explore the perception and needs of long-stay patients in forensic psychiatric hospitals in China. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 participants who had lived in the forensic psychiatry hospital for more than 8 years. We used thematic analysis strategies to analyse the qualitative data. RESULTS: Participants' perceptions clustered seven themes: hopelessness, loneliness, worthlessness, low mood, sleep disturbances, lack of freedom, and lack of mental health intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The views and opinions expressed by long-stay patients showed that psychological distress is prevailing in forensic psychiatric hospitals. Adequate and effective care and mental health interventions are recommended to be tailored for their special needs.


Assuntos
Criminosos/psicologia , Psiquiatria Legal , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Transtornos Mentais , Satisfação do Paciente , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoimagem
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