Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 103
Filtrar
1.
Hypertension ; 78(4): 1027-1038, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495675

RESUMO

[Figure: see text].

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(36): 43806-43819, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478269

RESUMO

The development of transparent and flexible sensors suitable for the full-range monitoring of human activities is highly desirable, yet presents a daunting challenge due to the need for a combination of properties such as high stretchability, high sensitivity, and good linearity. Gradient structures are commonly found in many biological systems and exhibit excellent mechanical properties. Here, we report a novel surface-confined gradient conductive network (SGN) strategy to construct conductive polymer hydrogel-based stain sensors (CHSS). This CHSS showed an ultrahigh stretchability of 4000% strain, transparency above 90% at a wavelength of 600 nm, as well as skin-like Young's modulus of 40 kPa. Impressively, the sensitivity was improved to 3.0 and outstanding linear sensing performance was achieved simultaneously in the ultrawide range of 0% to 4000% strain with a high R-square value of 0.994. With the help of SGN strategy, this CHSS was able to monitor both large-scale and small-scale human motions and activities. This SGN strategy can open a new avenue for the development of novel flexible strain sensors with excellent mechanical, transparent, and sensing performance for full-range monitoring of human activities.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569952

RESUMO

Autophagy is a basic physiological process maintaining cell renewal, the degradation of dysfunctional organelles, and the clearance of abnormal proteins and has recently been identified as a main mechanism underlying the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The APOE ɛ4 genotype is the strongest genetic determinant of AD pathogenesis and initiates autophagic flux at different times. This review synthesizes the current knowledge about the potential pathogenic effects of ApoE4 on autophagy and describes its associations with the biological hallmarks of autophagy and AD from a novel perspective. Via a remarkable variety of widely accepted signaling pathway markers, such as mTOR, TFEB, SIRT1, LC3, p62, LAMP1, LAMP2, CTSD, Rabs, and V-ATPase, ApoE isoforms differentially modulate autophagy initiation; membrane expansion, recruitment, and enclosure; autophagosome and lysosome fusion; and lysosomal degradation. Although the precise pathogenic mechanism varies for different genes and proteins, the dysregulation of autophagic flux is a key mechanism on which multiple pathogenic processes converge.

4.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Typically, prognostic capability of gene expression profiling (GEP) is studied in the context of clinical trials, for which 50%-80% of patients are not eligible, possibly limiting the generalizability of findings to routine practice. Here, we evaluate GEP analysis outside clinical trials, aiming to improve clinical risk assessment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients. METHODS: A total of 155 bone marrow samples from MM patients were collected from which RNA was analyzed by microarray. Sixteen previously developed GEP-based markers were evaluated, combined with survival data, and studied using Cox proportional hazard regression. RESULTS: Gene expression profiling-based markers SKY92 and the PR-cluster were shown to be independent prognostic factors for survival, with hazard ratios and 95% confidence interval of 3.6 [2.0-6.8] (P < .001) and 5.8 [2.7-12.7] (P < .01) for overall survival (OS). A multivariate model proved only SKY92 and the PR-cluster to be independent prognostic factors compared to cytogenetic high-risk patients, the International Staging System (ISS), and revised ISS. A substantial number of high-risk individuals could be further identified when SKY92 was added to the cytogenetic, ISS, or R-ISS. In the cytogenetic standard-risk group, ISS I/II, and R-ISS I/II, 13%, 23%, and 23% of patients with adverse survivals were identified. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, this study confirmed the prognostic value of GEP markers outside clinical trials. Conventional prognostic models to define high-risk MM are improved by the incorporation of GEP markers.

5.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(16-17): 6477-6488, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424384

RESUMO

Co-existence of toxic metals causes complex toxicity to microorganisms during bioremediation in water and soil. This study investigated the immobilization of Pb2+ and Cd2+ by fungus Aspergillus niger, which has been widely applied to environmental remediation. Five treatments were set, i.e., CK (no toxic metals), Pb2+ only, Cd2+ only, Pb2+/Cd2+ = 1:1(molar ratio), and Pb2+/Cd2+ = 2:1. Cadmium induced strong toxicity to the fungus, and maintained the high toxicity during incubation. However, as Pb/Cd ratio increased from 0 to 2, the removal rates of Cd2+ by A. niger were raised from 30 to 50%. The elevated activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and citrate synthetase (CS) enzymes confirmed that Pb addition could stimulate the growth of A. niger. For instance, citric acid concentrations and CS activities were 463.22 mg/L and 78.37 nmol/min/g, respectively, during 3-day incubation as Pb/Cd = 1. However, these two values were as low as ~ 50 with addition of only Cd. It was hence assumed that appropriate co-existence of Pb2+ enhanced microbial activity by promoting TCA cycle of the fungus. Moreover, the SEM analysis and geochemical modeling demonstrated that Pb2+ cations were more easily adsorbed and mineralized on A. niger with respect to Cd2+. Therefore, instead of intensifying metal toxicity, the addition of appropriate Pb actually weakened Cd toxicity to the fungus. This study sheds a bright future on application of A. niger to the remediation of polluted water with co-existence of Pb and Cd. KEY POINTS: • Cd2+ significantly inhibited P consumption, suggesting its high toxicity to A. niger. • Pb2+ stimulated the growth of A. niger by promoting TCA cycle in the cells. • Cd2+ removal by A. niger were improved with co-existence of Pb2+.


Assuntos
Aspergillus niger , Cádmio , Bioacumulação , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/toxicidade , Chumbo/toxicidade
6.
Environ Pollut ; 286: 117577, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438498

RESUMO

Revealing the changes in chemical compositions and sources of PM2.5 is important for understanding aerosol chemistry and emission control strategies. High time-resolved characterization of water-soluble inorganic ions, elements, organic carbon (OC), and elemental carbon (EC) in PM2.5 was conducted in a coastal city of southeast China during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results showed that the average concentration of PM2.5 during the city lockdown (CLD) decreased from 46.2 µg m-3 to 24.4 µg m-3, lower than the same period in 2019 (PM2.5: 37.1 µg m-3). Concentrations of other air pollutants, such as SO2, NO2, PM10, OC, EC, and BC, were also decreased by 27.3%-67.8% during the CLD, whereas O3 increased by 28.1%. Although SO2 decreased from 4.94 µg m-3to 1.59 µg m-3 during the CLD, the concentration of SO42- (6.63 µg m-3) was comparable to that (5.47 µg m-3) during the non-lockdown period, which were attributed to the increase (16.0%) of sulfate oxidation rate (SOR). Ox (O3+NO2) was positively correlated with SO42-, suggesting the impacts of photochemical oxidation. A good correlation (R2 = 0.557) of SO42- and Fe and Mn was found, indicating the transition-metal ion catalyzed oxidation. Based on positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis, the contribution of secondary formation to PM2.5 increased during the epidemic period, consisting with the increase of secondary organic carbon (SOC), while other primary sources including traffic, dust, and industry significantly decreased by 9%, 8.5%, and 8%, respectively. This study highlighted the comprehensive and nonlinear response of chemical compositions and formation mechanisms of PM2.5 to anthropogenic emissions control under relatively clean conditions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , COVID-19 , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Pandemias , Material Particulado/análise , SARS-CoV-2 , Estações do Ano , Sulfatos , Emissões de Veículos/análise
7.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 6911192, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335722

RESUMO

Feature selection is a known technique to preprocess the data before performing any data mining task. In multivariate time series (MTS) prediction, feature selection needs to find both the most related variables and their corresponding delays. Both aspects, to a certain extent, represent essential characteristics of system dynamics. However, the variable and delay selection for MTS is a challenging task when the system is nonlinear and noisy. In this paper, a multiattention-based supervised feature selection method is proposed. It translates the feature weight generation problem into a bidirectional attention generation problem with two parallel placed attention modules. The input 2D data are sliced into 1D data from two orthogonal directions, and each attention module generates attention weights from their respective dimensions. To facilitate the feature selection from the global perspective, we proposed a global weight generation method that calculates a dot product operation on the weight values of the two dimensions. To avoid the disturbance of attention weights due to noise and duplicated features, the final feature weight matrix is calculated based on the statistics of the entire training set. Experimental results show that this proposed method achieves the best performance on compared synthesized, small, medium, and practical industrial datasets, compared to several state-of-the-art baseline feature selection methods.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13622, 2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193887

RESUMO

A detailed knowledge on the spatial distribution of pests is crucial for predicting population outbreaks or developing control strategies and sustainable management plans. The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, is one of the most destructive pests of cruciferous crops worldwide. Despite the abundant research on the species's ecology, little is known about the spatio-temporal pattern of P. xylostella in an agricultural landscape. Therefore, in this study, the spatial distribution of P. xylostella was characterized to assess the effect of landscape elements in a fine-scale agricultural landscape by geostatistical analysis. The P. xylostella adults captured by pheromone-baited traps showed a seasonal pattern of population fluctuation from October 2015 to September 2017, with a marked peak in spring, suggesting that mild temperatures, 15-25 °C, are favorable for P. xylostella. Geostatistics (GS) correlograms fitted with spherical and Gaussian models showed an aggregated distribution in 21 of the 47 cases interpolation contour maps. This result highlighted that spatial distribution of P. xylostella was not limited to the Brassica vegetable field, but presence was the highest there. Nevertheless, population aggregations also showed a seasonal variation associated with the growing stage of host plants. GS model analysis showed higher abundances in cruciferous fields than in any other patches of the landscape, indicating a strong host plant dependency. We demonstrate that Brassica vegetables distribution and growth stage, have dominant impacts on the spatial distribution of P. xylostella in a fine-scale landscape. This work clarified the spatio-temporal dynamic and distribution patterns of P. xylostella in an agricultural landscape, and the distribution model developed by geostatistical analysis can provide a scientific basis for precise targeting and localized control of P. xylostella.

10.
Sports Med ; 51(11): 2329-2347, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perinatal growth abnormalities program susceptibility to childhood obesity, which is further exaggerated by maternal overweight and obesity (MO) during pregnancy. Exercise is highly accessible, but reports about the benefits of maternal exercise on fetal growth and childhood obesity outcomes are inconsistent, reducing the incentives for pregnant women to participate in exercise to improve children's perinatal growth. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to establish evidence-based efficacy of exercise in mothers with normal weight (MNW) and MO during pregnancy in reducing the risks of perinatal growth abnormalities and childhood obesity. In addition, the impacts of exercise volume are also assessed. METHODS: The PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to February 15, 2020. We included randomized controlled trials with exercise-only intervention or exercise with other confounders in pregnant MNW (body mass index, BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) and MO (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2), which were further subgrouped in the meta-analysis. Primary outcomes included birth weight, preterm birth, small for gestational age (SGA), large for gestational age (LGA), infant and childhood weight, and childhood obesity. A linear meta-regression analysis was also used to explore the effects of exercise volume on outcomes. RESULTS: 99 studies were included in the meta-analysis (n = 596,876), and individual study quality ranged from fair to good according to the Newcastle-Ottawa scale assessment. Exercise only interventions in MNW reduced preterm birth by 15% (26 studies, n = 76,132; odds ratio [OR] 0.85; 95% CI 0.72, 1.01; I2 = 83.3%), SGA by 17% (33 studies, n = 92,351; OR 0.83; 95% CI 0.71, 0.98; I2 = 74.5%) and LGA by 17% (29 studies, n = 84,310; OR 0.83; 95% CI 0.74, 0.95; I2 = 60.4%). Exercise only interventions in MO reduced preterm birth by 33% (2 studies, n = 3,050; OR 0.67; 95% CI 0.70, 0.96; I2 = 0%), SGA by 27% (8 studies, n = 3,909; OR 0.73; 95% CI 0.50, 1.05; I2 = 40.4%) and LGA by 55% (9 studies, n = 81,581; OR 0.45; 95% CI 0.18, 1.11; I2 = 98.3%). Exercise only interventions in MNW reduced childhood obesity by 53% (3 studies, n = 6,920; OR 0.47; 95% CI 0.36, 0.63; I2 = 77.0%). However, no significant effect was observed in outcomes from exercise confounders in either MNW or MO. In the meta-regression, the volume of exercise-only intervention in MNW was negatively associated with birth weight, greatly driven by volumes more than 810 metabolic equivalents (MET)-min per week. Other outcomes were not associated with exercise volume. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that exercise during pregnancy in both MNW and MO safely and effectively reduce the risks of preterm birth, SGA, and LGA. Furthermore, MNW exercise also reduces the risk of childhood obesity. Overall, regardless of prepregnancy BMI, maternal exercise during pregnancy provides an excellent opportunity to mitigate the high prevalence of adverse birth outcomes and childhood obesity.

11.
Aging Cell ; 20(6): e13377, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969611

RESUMO

Vascular calcification is a common pathologic condition in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and aging individuals. It has been established that vascular calcification is a gene-regulated biological process resembling osteogenesis involving osteogenic differentiation. However, there is no efficient treatment available for vascular calcification so far. The natural polyamine spermidine has been demonstrated to increase life span and protect against cardiovascular disease. It is unclear whether spermidine supplementation inhibits vascular calcification in CKD. Alizarin red staining and quantification of calcium content showed that spermidine treatment markedly reduced mineral deposition in both rat and human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) under osteogenic conditions. Additionally, western blot analysis revealed that spermidine treatment inhibited osteogenic differentiation of rat and human VSMCs. Moreover, spermidine treatment remarkably attenuated calcification of rat and human arterial rings ex vivo and aortic calcification in rats with CKD. Furthermore, treatment with spermidine induced the upregulation of Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in VSMCs and resulted in the downregulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling components, such as activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP). Both pharmacological inhibition of SIRT1 by SIRT1 inhibitor EX527 and knockdown of SIRT1 by siRNA markedly blocked the inhibitory effect of spermidine on VSMC calcification. Consistently, EX527 abrogated the inhibitory effect of spermidine on aortic calcification in CKD rats. We for the first time demonstrate that spermidine alleviates vascular calcification in CKD by upregulating SIRT1 and inhibiting ER stress, and this may develop a promising therapeutic treatment to ameliorate vascular calcification in CKD.

13.
Mol Ther ; 29(9): 2873-2885, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895326

RESUMO

Dysregulated long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. However, the potential role of lncRNAs in post-stroke microglial activation remains largely unknown. Here, we uncovered that lncRNA-U90926 was significantly increased in microglia exposed to ischemia/reperfusion both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, adenovirus-associated virus (AAV)-mediated microglial U90926 silencing alleviated neurological deficits and reduced infarct volume in experimental stroke mice. Microglial U90926 knockdown could reduce the infiltration of neutrophils into ischemic lesion site, which might be attributed to the downregulation of C-X-C motif ligand 2 (CXCL2). Mechanistically, U90926 directly bound to malate dehydrogenase 2 (MDH2) and competitively inhibited the binding of MDH2 to the CXCL2 3' untranslated region (UTR), thus protecting against MDH2-mediated decay of CXCL2 mRNA. Taken together, our study demonstrated that microglial U90926 aggravated ischemic brain injury via facilitating neutrophil infiltration, suggesting that U90926 might be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for ischemic stroke.

14.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(7): 3519-3528, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opsins are crucial for animal vision. The identity and function of opsins in Plutella xylostella remain unknown. The aim of the research is to confirm which opsin gene(s) contribute to phototaxis of P. xylostella. RESULTS: LW-opsin, BL-opsin and UV-opsin, were identified in the P. xylostella genome. LW-opsin was more highly expressed than the other two opsin genes, and all three genes were specifically expressed in the head. Three P. xylostella strains, LW-13 with a 13-bp deletion in LW-opsin, BL + 2 with a 2-bp insertion in BL-opsin, and UV-29 with a 5-bp insertion and a 34-bp deletion in UV-opsin, were established from the strain G88 using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Among the three opsin-knockout strains, only male and female LW-13 exhibited weaker phototaxis to lights of different wavelengths and white light than G88 at 2.5 lx due to defective locomotion, and LW-13 was defective to sense white, green and infrared lights. The locomotion of LW-13 was reduced compared with G88 at 2.5, 10, 20, 60, 80, 100, and 200 lx under the green light, but the locomotion of LW-13 female was recovered at 80, 100 and 200 lx. The defective phototaxis to the green light of male LW-13 was not affected by light intensity, while the defective phototaxis to the green light of female LW-13 was recovered at 10, 20, 60, 80, 100, and 200 lx. CONCLUSION: LW-opsin is involved in light sensing and locomotion of P. xylostella, providing a potential target gene for controlling the pest. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Opsinas , Fototaxia , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Feminino , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Masculino , Mariposas/genética , Opsinas/genética
15.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0249139, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare surgical outcomes between 27 and 25-gauge vitrectomy in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with tractional retinal detachment (TRD). METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted to compare the intraoperative status, operation time, use of instruments, endotamponade substance, wound suture number, and iatrogenic break, between 27 and 25-gauge vitrectomy in 43 eyes afflicted by PDR with TRD. The post-surgical results, best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, recurrent vitreous haemorrhage, and re-operation rate were regularly followed up for 6 months. RESULTS: Patients in the 25 and the 27-gauge groups did not differ significantly in terms of pre-surgical conditions, such as age, gender, pre-existing glaucoma, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and the severity of their TRD. The mean operation time was 56.7 minutes in the 27-gauge group and 63.7 minutes in the 25-gauge group (p = 0.94). There is significantly less use of micro forceps in the 27-gauge group (p = 0.004). No difference between micro scissors and chandelier usage were noted; neither was their difference in iatrogenic retinal breaks. Significantly fewer wound sutures were noted in the 27-gauge group (p < 0.001). The post-operative results revealed no significant difference in ocular hypertension, hypotony, BCVA improvement, recurrent vitreous haemorrhage and re-operation rate. CONCLUSIONS: The 27-gauge vitrectomy system offers comparable surgical outcomes in PDR with TRD. The 27-gauge vitrectomy system is suitable for complicated retinal surgery.


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Vitrectomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reoperação , Descolamento Retiniano/complicações , Descolamento Retiniano/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acuidade Visual , Vitrectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Vítrea/etiologia
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 770: 145402, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736387

RESUMO

Identifying the nature and extent of atmospheric PM2.5-bound toxic organic pollutants is beneficial to evaluate human health risks of air pollution. Seasonal observations of PM2.5-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nitro-PAHs (NPAHs) in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) were investigated, along with criteria air pollutants and meteorological parameters. With the elevated PM2.5 level, the percentage of 4-ring PAHs and typical NPAH including 3-Nitrobiphenyl (3-NBP) and 2-Nitrofluoranthene (2-NFLT) increased by 19-40%. PM2.5-bound 2-NFLT was positively correlated with O3 and NO2, suggesting the contribution of atmospheric oxidation capacity to enhance the secondary formation of NPAHs in the atmosphere. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis indicated that traffic emissions (44.9-48.7%), coal and biomass combustion (27.6-36.0%) and natural gas and volatilization (15.3-27.5%) were major sources of PAHs, and secondary formation (39.8-53.8%) was a predominant contributor to total NPAH concentrations. Backward trajectory analysis showed that air masses from North China transported to the YRD region increased PAH and NPAH concentrations. Compare to clean days, the BaP equivalent concentrations of total PAHs and NPAHs during haze pollution days were enhanced by 10-25 and 2-6 times, respectively. The Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risks (ILCRs) of PAHs by inhalation exposure also indicated high potential health risks in the YRD region. The results implied that the health risks of PM2.5-bound PAHs and NPAHs could be sharply enhanced with the increase of PM2.5 concentrations.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Rios , Estações do Ano
17.
Pharmacol Res ; 165: 105469, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524541

RESUMO

The communication between neurons constitutes the basis of all neural activities, and synaptic vesicle exocytosis is the fundamental biological event that mediates most communication between neurons in the central nervous system. The SNARE complex is the core component of the protein machinery that facilitates the fusion of synaptic vesicles with presynaptic terminals and thereby the release of neurotransmitters. In synapses, each release event is dependent on the assembly of the SNARE complex. In recent years, basic research on the SNARE complex has provided a clearer understanding of the mechanism underlying the formation of the SNARE complex and its role in vesicle formation. Emerging evidence indicates that abnormal expression or dysfunction of the SNARE complex in synapse physiology might contribute to abnormal neurotransmission and ultimately to synaptic dysfunction. Clinical research using postmortem tissues suggests that SNARE complex dysfunction is correlated with various neurological diseases, and some basic research has also confirmed the important role of the SNARE complex in the pathology of these diseases. Genetic and pharmacogenetic studies suggest that the SNARE complex and individual proteins might represent important molecular targets in neurological disease. In this review, we summarize the recent progress toward understanding the SNARE complex in regulating membrane fusion events and provide an update of the recent discoveries from clinical and basic research on the SNARE complex in neurodegenerative, neuropsychiatric, and neurodevelopmental diseases.

18.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 46, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graves' disease(GD) has a tendency for familial aggregation, but it is uncommon to occur in more than two generations. However, little is known about susceptibility genes for GD in the three-generation family. METHODS: DNA were extracted from three-generation familial GD patient with a strong genetic background in a Chinese Han population. The Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) was utilized to screen the genome for SNVs associated with GD and the Sanger Sequencing was used to confirm the potential disease-causing genes. RESULTS: In the case study, there were five patients with Graves' disease(GD) from a three-generation family. The SNVs of MAP7D2(c. 452C > T: p. A151V), SLC1A7(c. 1204C > T: p. R402C), TRAF3IP3(c. 209A > T: p. N70I), PTPRB(c. 3472A > G: p. S1158G), PIK3R3(c. 121C > T: p. P41S), DISC1(c. 1591G > C: p. G531R) were found to be associated with the familial GD and the Sanger sequencing had confirmed these variations. Furthermore, PolyPhen-2 score showed that the variants in TRAF3IP3, PTPRB, PIK3R3 are more likely to change protein functions. CONCLUSION: The MAP7D2, SLC1A7, TRAF3IP3, PTPRB, PIK3R3, DISC1 may be the candidate susceptibility genes for familial GD from a three generations family.

19.
Cell Rep ; 33(9): 108461, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264618

RESUMO

Although maternal exercise (ME) becomes increasingly uncommon, the effects of ME on offspring muscle metabolic health remain largely undefined. Maternal mice are subject to daily exercise during pregnancy, which enhances mitochondrial biogenesis during fetal muscle development; this is correlated with higher mitochondrial content and oxidative muscle fibers in offspring muscle and improved endurance capacity. Apelin, an exerkine, is elevated due to ME, and maternal apelin administration mirrors the effect of ME on mitochondrial biogenesis in fetal muscle. Importantly, both ME and apelin induce DNA demethylation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (Ppargc1a) promoter and enhance its expression and mitochondrial biogenesis in fetal muscle. Such changes in DNA methylation were maintained in offspring, with ME offspring muscle expressing higher levels of PGC-1α1/4 isoforms, explaining improved muscle function. In summary, ME enhances DNA demethylation of the Ppargc1a promoter in fetal muscle, which has positive programming effects on the exercise endurance capacity and protects offspring muscle against metabolic dysfunction.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 741: 140470, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886967

RESUMO

Chemical compositions of non-refractory submicron aerosol (NR-PM1) were measured via an Aerodyne Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor at the coastal city Xiamen during the 2017 BRICS summit from August 10 to September 10. Mean hourly concentration of NR-PM1 was 13.55 ± 8.83 µg m-3 during the study period, decreasing from 18.83 µg m-3 before-BRICS to 13.02 µg m-3 in BRCIS I and 8.42 µg m-3 in BRICS II. Positive matrix factor analyses resolved four organic aerosols (OA): a hydrocarbon-like OA (HOA, 14.78%), a cooking-related OA (COA, 28.21%), a biomass burning OA (BBOA, 18.00%), and an oxygenated OA (OOA, 39.22%). The contributions of local pollutants like nitrate and HOA reduced, while the proportions of sulfate and OOA increased during the control episodes. The diurnal patterns of NR-PM1 species and OA components in each episode were characterized. The results showed that BC, nitrate, COA, and HOA had peaks in the morning and evening, which became less obvious under the emission control. Moreover, the diurnal variations of all species in Ep 3 with emission control were much flatter due to the effect of transport. Backward trajectories analysis confirmed the long-range transport of air masses from the continent, which resulted in the high proportions of sulfate (43.69%) and OOA (50.28%) in Ep 3. Our study implies the significant effect of emission control on reducing primary pollutants, but the formation of particles during the long-range transport need to be paid more attention when set the air quality control strategies in coastal cities.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...