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1.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(8): 448, 2024 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967796

RESUMO

Surface functionalization strategy is becoming a crucial bridge from magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) to their broad bio-application. To realize the multiple functions of MNPs such as magnetic manipulation, target capture, and signal amplification in their use of electrochemical biosensing, co-crosslinking strategy was proposed here to construct dual-functionalized MNPs by combining ultra-sensitive redox moieties and specific biological probes. In this work, MNPs with a TEM size of 10 nm were synthesized by co-precipitation for amination and PEGylation to maintain colloid stability once dispersed in high-ionic-strength buffer (such as phosphate-buffered saline). Then, MNPs@IgG were prepared via the bis(sulfosuccinimidyl) suberate (BS3) cross-linker to conjugate these IgG onto the MNP surface, with a binding efficiency of 73%. To construct dual-functionalized MNPs, these redox probes of ferrocene-NHS (Fc) were co-crosslinked onto the MNP surface, together with IgG, by using BS3. The developed MNPs@Redox@IgG were characterized by SDS‒PAGE to identify IgG binding and by square wave voltammetry (SWV) to validate the redox signal. Additionally, the anti-CD63 antibodies were selected for the development of MNPs@anti-CD63 for use in the bio-testing of exosome sample capture. Therefore, co-crosslinking strategy paved a way to develop dual-functionalized MNPs that can be an aid of their potential utilization in diagnostic assay or electrochemical methods.


Assuntos
Reagentes de Ligações Cruzadas , Imunoglobulina G , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Oxirredução , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Imunoglobulina G/química , Humanos , Reagentes de Ligações Cruzadas/química , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Metalocenos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Tetraspanina 30/imunologia , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos
3.
Nat Food ; 5(6): 480-490, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872016

RESUMO

Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are a diverse class of carbohydrates which support the health and development of infants. The vast health benefits of HMOs have made them a commercial target for microbial production; however, producing the approximately 200 structurally diverse HMOs at scale has proved difficult. Here we produce a diversity of HMOs by leveraging the robust carbohydrate anabolism of plants. This diversity includes high-value and complex HMOs, such as lacto-N-fucopentaose I. HMOs produced in transgenic plants provided strong bifidogenic properties, indicating their ability to serve as a prebiotic supplement with potential applications in adult and infant health. Technoeconomic analyses demonstrate that producing HMOs in plants provides a path to the large-scale production of specific HMOs at lower prices than microbial production platforms. Our work demonstrates the promise in leveraging plants for the low-cost and sustainable production of HMOs.


Assuntos
Leite Humano , Oligossacarídeos , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Humanos , Leite Humano/metabolismo , Leite Humano/química , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Prebióticos , Fotossíntese
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38897407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant global health challenge, particularly affecting older adults who are more susceptible to infections and their complications. Accurate diagnosis and documentation of antibiotic allergies are essential for effective antimicrobial stewardship. Despite the recognized overdiagnosis of antibiotic allergies, comprehensive studies on this subject in long-term care (LTC) settings are limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the point prevalence of antibiotic allergies and documentation quality in Massachusetts LTC facilities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, 1-day point prevalence survey from July 1, 2023, to March 31, 2024, across 20 participating LTC facilities in Massachusetts in partnership with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. The survey assessed the prevalence and documentation of antibiotic allergies among 2345 residents. Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore associations between documented penicillin allergy and demographic factors, including non-penicillin antibiotic allergies. RESULTS: The overall point prevalence of documented antibiotic allergies was 39.1%, with the most frequently reported classes being penicillins at 23.1%, sulfonamides at 15.4%, and cephalosporins at 5.2%. Significant documentation gaps were identified, with up to 92.8% of the allergy records found to be incomplete. Factors associated with documented penicillin allergies included female sex (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.50; 95% CI, 1.16-1.94), White race (aOR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.25-2.94), having allergies to non-penicillin antibiotics (aOR, 2.89; 95% CI, 2.33-3.59), and receipt of antibiotic (aOR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.68-2.71). CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of documented antibiotic allergies and the notable deficiencies in their documentation underscore the urgent need for enhanced antibiotic evaluation, documentation practices, and penicillin delabeling in LTC facilities.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(26): 33192-33204, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38885077

RESUMO

The human body's primary line of defense, the skin, is especially prone to harm. Although microRNA (miRNA)-based therapies have attracted increasing attention for skin wound healing, their applications remain limited owing to a range of issues. Tetrahedral framework DNA (tFNA), a nanomaterial possessing nucleic acid characteristics, exhibits an excellent biocompatibility, in addition to anti-inflammatory and transdermal delivery capabilities, and can accelerate skin wound healing. Due to its potential to exert synergistic action with therapeutic miRNA, tFNA has been considered an ideal vehicle for miRNA therapy. The design and synthesis of a bioswitchable miRNA delivery system (BiRDS) is reported, which contains three miRNAs as well as a nucleic acid core to maximize the loading capacity while preserving the characteristics of tFNA. A high stability, excellent permeability of cells as well as tissues and good biological compatibility are demonstrated. By selectively inhibiting heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF), the BiRDS can inhibit the NF-κB pathway while simultaneously controlling the PTEN/Akt pathway. As a result, the BiRDS helps wound healing go through the inflammation to the proliferative phase. This study demonstrates the advantages of the BiRDS in miRNA-based therapy and provides new research ideas for the treatment of skin-related diseases.


Assuntos
DNA , MicroRNAs , Cicatrização , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Animais , DNA/química , Camundongos , Nanoestruturas/química , NF-kappa B/metabolismo
6.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38869974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with high tumor burden and major portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) remains a great challenge. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib plus drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) and hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) with oxaliplatin, fluorouracil and leucovorin (Len+DEB-TACE+HAIC) versus lenvatinib plus DEB-TACE (Len+DEB-TACE) for HCC > 7.0 cm accompanied with major PVTT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study evaluated consecutive patients with HCC (> 7.0 cm) and major PVTT who received Len+DEB-TACE+HAIC (Len+DEB-TACE+HAIC group) or Len+DEB-TACE (Len+DEB-TACE group) between July 2019 and June 2021 from eight institutions in China. Objective response rate (ORR), time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), and treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were compared between the two groups by propensity score-matching (PSM). RESULTS: A total of 205 patients were included. After PSM, 85-paired patients remained in the study cohorts. Patients in the Len+DEB-TACE+HAIC group had higher ORR (61.2% vs. 34.1%, P < 0.001), longer TTP (median, 9.8 vs. 5.9 months, P < 0.001), and prolonged OS (median, 16.7 vs. 12.5 months, P < 0.001) than those in the Len+DEB-TACE group. The ORR and TTP of both intrahepatic tumor (ORR: 64.7% vs. 36.5%, P < 0.001; median TTP: 10.7 vs. 7.0 months, P < 0.001) and PVTT (ORR: 74.1% vs. 47.1%, P < 0.001; median TTP: 17.4 vs. 7.6 months, P < 0.001) were better in the Len+DEB-TACE+HAIC group than the Len+DEB-TACE group. The frequency of grade 3-4 TRAEs in the Len+DEB-TACE+HAIC group were comparable to those in the Len+DEB-TACE group (38.8% vs. 34.1%, P = 0.524). CONCLUSION: The addition of HAIC to Len+DEB-TACE significantly improved ORR, TTP, and OS over Len+DEB-TACE with an acceptable safety profile for large HCC with major PVTT.

7.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 38(16): e9780, 2024 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38887892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural medicines present a considerable analytical challenge due to their diverse botanical origins and complex multi-species composition. This inherent complexity complicates their rapid identification and analysis. Tangerine peel, a product of the Citrus species from the Rutaceae family, is widely used both as a culinary ingredient and in traditional Chinese medicine. It is classified into two primary types in China: Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (CP) and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium Viride (QP), differentiated by harvest time. A notable price disparity exists between CP and another variety, Citri reticulatae "Chachi" (GCP), with differences being based on the original variety. METHODS: This study introduces an innovative method using portable miniature mass spectrometry for swift on-site analysis of QP, CP, and GCP, requiring less than a minute per sample. And combined with machine learning to differentiate the three types on site, the method was used to try to distinguish GCP from different storage years. RESULTS: This novel method using portable miniature mass spectrometry for swift on-site analysis of tangerine peels enabled the characterization of 22 compounds in less than one minute per sample. The method simplifies sample processing and integrates machine learning to distinguish between the CP, QP, and GCP varieties. Moreover, a multiple-perceptron neural network model is further employed to specifically differentiate between CP and GCP, addressing the significant price gap between them. CONCLUSIONS: The entire analytical time of the method is about 1 minute, and samples can be analyzed on site, greatly reducing the cost of testing. Besides, this approach is versatile, operates independently of location and environmental conditions, and offers a valuable tool for assessing the quality of natural medicines.


Assuntos
Citrus , Aprendizado de Máquina , Espectrometria de Massas , Citrus/química , Citrus/classificação , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13152, 2024 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849408

RESUMO

To assess the effectiveness and safety of combining Saccharomyces boulardii powder with triple therapy as a primary approach for eradicating H. pylori infection, a total of 144 patients who tested positive for H. pylori and diagnosed with non-ulcer dyspepsia underwent endoscopy at two national centers between June 2017 and March 2019 were included. The patients were categorized into three groups using a subsection randomization method and received initial H. pylori eradication treatments. Microbial composition, eradication rates, symptom alleviation, and adverse reactions were monitored on the 14th and 44th days post-treatment. According to PP analysis showed the eradication rates for the SRAC group was 75%, BRAC was 93.18% and RAC was 65.2%. Group BRAC exhibited a marginally higher eradication rate compared to other groups. However, patients receiving Saccharomyces boulardii treatment exhibited an overall reduction in initial dyspepsia symptoms by the end of the treatment period. When employed as a primary strategy, the combination of Saccharomyces boulardii powder with triple therapy displayed notable efficacy and smaller gastrointestinal side effects in eradicating initial H. pylori infections among non-ulcer dyspepsia patients. Moreover, this approach demonstrated advantages in alleviating symptoms, exhibited favorable tolerance, and maintained a high level of clinical safety.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia Combinada , Dispepsia , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Probióticos , Saccharomyces boulardii , Humanos , Infecções por Helicobacter/terapia , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Feminino , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Dispepsia/microbiologia , Dispepsia/terapia , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Resultado do Tratamento , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Amoxicilina/administração & dosagem
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13224, 2024 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851783

RESUMO

To identify different patterns of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction management among Chinese community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury and explore the factors associated with latent classes. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in communities throughout China Mainland. Participants were recruited through the China Association of Persons with Physical Disability and a total of 2582 participants was included in the analysis. The data were collected by a questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic factors, disease-related factors, and a list of 8 bladder management methods. Latent class analysis was used to identify different latent classes of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction management. Then the multinomial logistic regression was applied to analyze the relationship between neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction management patterns and socio-demographic and disease-related factors. Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction management pattern among community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury was divided into four latent classes: "urinal collecting apparatus dominated pattern" (40.3%), "bladder compression dominated pattern" (30.7%), "intermittent catheterization dominated pattern" (19.3%) and "urethral indwelling catheterization dominated pattern" (9.6%). Multinomial logistic regression analysis found that the employment status, residential region, nursing need, payment method for catheterization products, hand function, time since spinal cord injury, urinary incontinence and concerns about social interaction affected by urination problems were significantly associated with latent classes. Only 19.3% of people used the intermittent catheterization as their main neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction management method. More attention needs to be paid to the promotion of the standardization process of intermittent catheterization in community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury. The associated factors of the four classes can be used for tailored and targeted interventions to increase the use of intermittent catheterization.


Assuntos
Vida Independente , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica , Humanos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/terapia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/etiologia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , População do Leste Asiático
10.
Theranostics ; 14(8): 3300-3316, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855182

RESUMO

Patient-derived organoids (PDOs) have emerged as a promising platform for clinical and translational studies. A strong correlation exists between clinical outcomes and the use of PDOs to predict the efficacy of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. To standardize interpretation and enhance scientific communication in the field of cancer precision medicine, we revisit the concept of PDO-based drug sensitivity testing (DST). We present an expert consensus-driven approach for medication selection aimed at predicting patient responses. To further standardize PDO-based DST, we propose guidelines for clarification and characterization. Additionally, we identify several major challenges in clinical prediction when utilizing PDOs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Consenso , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Neoplasias , Organoides , Medicina de Precisão , Organoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos/métodos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos
11.
J Exp Med ; 221(8)2024 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836810

RESUMO

Coxsackievirus A10 (CV-A10) infection, a prominent cause of childhood hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), frequently manifests with the intriguing phenomenon of onychomadesis, characterized by nail shedding. However, the underlying mechanism is elusive. Here, we found that CV-A10 infection in mice could suppress Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by restraining LDL receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6) phosphorylation and ß-catenin accumulation and lead to onychomadesis. Mechanistically, CV-A10 mimics Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) to interact with Kringle-containing transmembrane protein 1 (KRM1), the CV-A10 cellular receptor. We further found that Wnt agonist (GSK3ß inhibitor) CHIR99021 can restore nail stem cell differentiation and protect against nail shedding. These findings provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of CV-A10 and related viruses in onychomadesis and guide prognosis assessment and clinical treatment of the disease.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Proteína-6 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína-6 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/metabolismo , Proteína-6 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/genética , Camundongos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Humanos , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Doenças da Unha/metabolismo , Doenças da Unha/virologia , Doenças da Unha/patologia , Unhas/metabolismo , Unhas/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/metabolismo , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/patologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/complicações , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/complicações , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Piridinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas
12.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 240, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been linked to the occurrence of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKHD)-like uveitis. Among the ICIs, there has been no report of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) caused by a new programmed death protein-1(PD-1) monoclonal antibody (Toripalimab). CASE PRESENTATION: This paper presents a case of VKHD-like uveitis that arose following Toripalimab therapy for urothelial cancer of the bladder, and the patient experienced symptoms 10 days after the final dosage of 20 months of medication treatment. This patient with bladder uroepithelial carcinoma had severe binocular acute panuveitis with exudative retinal detachment after receiving Toripalimab therapy. Binocular VKHD-like uveitis was suggested as a diagnosis. Both eyes recovered after discontinuing immune checkpoint inhibitors and local and systemic corticosteroid treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This report suggests that VKHD-like uveitis can also occur in patients receiving novel PD-1 antibodies and the importance of paying attention to eye complications in patients receiving treatment over a long period.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica , Humanos , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/diagnóstico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Uveíte/induzido quimicamente , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos
13.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 50(9): 108475, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870872

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most prevalent type of ovarian cancer, yet the impact of ovarian laterality has received limited attention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive investigation into the impact of laterality (left-right and bilateral-unilateral) on EOC incidence and prognosis, focusing on distinct subtypes. Binomial tests and Pearson's χ2 tests were employed to compare occurrence rates among laterality groups. Cox regression analyses were used to create a proportional hazards model for tumor prognosis. Nomograms were developed and validated, including internal validation via bootstrapping. RESULTS: Our study encompassed 20,790 EOC patients, revealing disparities in incidence and prognosis between unilateral and bilateral cases. Unilateral tumor development was notably predominant in clear cell, endometrioid, brenner, and mucinous subtypes, while bilateral involvement was more frequent in serous ovarian cancer. Laterality differences, reflecting disparities between the left and right sides, were chiefly evident in the incidence rates across various stages and in the prognosis of specific subtypes. Notably, mucinous ovarian cancer exhibited significantly better prognosis on the right side compared to the left (right tumors: HR = 0.745, p = 0.015, CI: 0.587-0.945). CONCLUSION: These findings emphasize the importance of considering ovarian laterality -both left-right and bilateral-unilateral aspects -as a critical factor influencing EOC incidence and prognosis, necessitating attention in clinical practice.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to develop an innovative classification and guidance system for renal hilar tumors and to assess the safety and effectiveness of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) for managing such tumors. METHODS: A total of 179 patients undergoing RAPN for renal hilar tumors were retrospectively reviewed. A novel classification system with surgical techniques was introduced and the perioperative features, tumor characteristics, and the efficacy and safety of RAPN were compared within subgroups. RESULTS: We classified the tumors according to our novel system as follows: 131 Type I, 35 Type II, and 13 Type III. However, Type III had higher median R.E.N.A.L., PADUA, and ROADS scores compared with the others (all p < 0.001), indicating increased operative complexity and higher estimated blood loss [180.00 (115.00-215.00) ml]. Operative outcomes revealed significant disparities between Type III and the others, with longer operative times [165.00 (145.00-200.50) min], warm ischemia times [24.00 (21.50-30.50) min], tumor resection times [13.00 (12.00-15.50) min], and incision closure times [22.00 (20.00-23.50) min] (all p < 0.005). Postoperative outcomes also showed significant differences, with longer durations of drain removal (77.08 ± 18.16 h) and hospitalization for Type III [5.00 (5.00-6.00) d] (all p < 0.05). Additionally, Type I had a larger tumor diameter than the others (p = 0.009) and pT stage differed significantly between the subtypes (p = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: The novel renal hilar tumor classification system is capable of differentiating the surgical difficulty of RAPN and further offers personalized surgical steps tailored to each specific classification. It provides a meaningful tool for clinical practice.

15.
Pharmacol Res ; 206: 107277, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38945379

RESUMO

Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (F. prausnitzii) has been recognized for its various intestinal and extraintestinal benefits to human. And reduction of F. prausnitzii has been linked to an increased risk of intestinal fibrosis in patients of Crohn's disease (CD). In this study, oral administration of either live F. prausnitzii or its extracellular vesicles (FEVs) can markedly mitigate the severity of fibrosis in mice induced by repetitive administration of DSS. In vitro experiment revealed that FEVs were capable of directing the polarization of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) towards an M2b macrophage phenotype, which has been associated with anti-fibrotic activities. This effect of FEV was found to be stable under various conditions that promote the development of pro-fibrotic M1/M2a/M2c macrophages. Proteomics and RNA sequencing were performed to uncover the molecular modulation of macrophages by FEVs. Notably, we found that FEVs reprogramed every metabolism of macrophages by damaging the mitochondria, and inhibited oxidative phosphorylation and glycolysis. Moreover, FEV-treated macrophages showed a decreased expression of PPARγ and an altered lipid processing phenotype characterized by decreased cholesterol efflux, which may promote energy reprogramming. Taken together, these findings identify FEV as a driver of macrophage reprogramming, suggesting that triggering M2b macrophage polarization by oral admiration of FEV may serve as strategy to alleviate hyperfibrotic intestine conditions in CD.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(12)2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38931736

RESUMO

In array signal processing, the mutual coupling among physical sensors can inevitably affect the estimation of the direction of arrival (DOA). Despite the fact that multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) radar can provide greater degrees of freedom (DOFs), the influence of mutual coupling is largely overlooked in many current MIMO radar designs. To tackle this issue, we propose the utilization of a generalized nested array (GNA) in transmitter array and we introduce an expansion factor into the nested array in the receiver array. Thereby, a novel GNA-MIMO radar is put forward. The proposed MIMO radar offers O(N4) consecutive DOFs with N sensors and avoids the adverse effects of high mutual coupling caused by closely located sensors. Furthermore, we derive the closed-form expressions for the position of physical sensors and the attainable consecutive DOFs of the proposed MIMO radar. Through simulation experiments, we demonstrate the superior accuracy of the proposed MIMO configuration in DOA estimation and angle resolution under the condition of mutual coupling effect.

18.
ACS Nano ; 18(26): 17293-17303, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38885180

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) tellurium (Te) is emerging as a promising p-type candidate for constructing complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) architectures. However, its small bandgap leads to a high leakage current and a low on/off current ratio. Although alloying Te with selenium (Se) can tune its bandgap, thermally evaporated SexTe1-x thin films often suffer from grain boundaries and high-density defects. Herein, we introduce a precursor-confined chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method for synthesizing single-crystalline SexTe1-x alloy nanosheets. These nanosheets, with tunable compositions, are ideal for high-performance field-effect transistors (FETs) and 2D inverters. The preformation of Se-Te frameworks in our developed CVD method plays a critical role in the growth of SexTe1-x nanosheets with high crystallinity. Optimizing the Se composition resulted in a Se0.30Te0.70 nanosheet-based p-type FET with a large on/off current ratio of 4 × 105 and a room-temperature hole mobility of 120 cm2·V-1·s-1, being eight times higher than thermally evaporated SexTe1-x with similar composition and thickness. Moreover, we successfully fabricated an inverter based on p-type Se0.30Te0.70 and n-type MoS2 nanosheets, demonstrating a typical voltage transfer curve with a gain of 30 at an operation voltage of Vdd = 3 V.

20.
Redox Biol ; 73: 103195, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781731

RESUMO

Accumulating oxidative damage is a primary driver of ovarian reserve decline along with aging. However, the mechanism behind the imbalance in reactive oxygen species (ROS) is not yet fully understood. Here we investigated changes in iron metabolism and its relationship with ROS disorder in aging ovaries of mice. We found increased iron content in aging ovaries and oocytes, along with abnormal expression of iron metabolic proteins, including heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), ferritin heavy chain (FTH), ferritin light chain (FTL), mitochondrial ferritin (FTMT), divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), ferroportin1(FPN1), iron regulatory proteins (IRP1 and IRP2) and transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1). Notably, aging oocytes exhibited enhanced ferritinophagy and mitophagy, and consistently, there was an increase in cytosolic Fe2+, elevated lipid peroxidation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and augmented lysosome activity. Additionally, the ovarian expression of p53, p21, p16 and microtubule-associated protein tau (Tau) were also found to be upregulated. These alterations could be phenocopied with in vitro Fe2+ administration in oocytes from 2-month-old mice but were alleviated by deferoxamine (DFO). In vivo application of DFO improved ovarian iron metabolism and redox status in 12-month-old mice, and corrected the alterations in cytosolic Fe2+, ferritinophagy and mitophagy, as well as related degenerative changes in oocytes. Thereby in the whole, DFO delayed the decline in ovarian reserve and significantly increased the number of superovulated oocytes with reduced fragmentation and aneuploidy. Together, our findings suggest that aging-related disturbance in ovarian iron homeostasis contributes to excessive ROS production and that iron chelation may improve ovarian redox status, and efficiently delay the decline in ovarian reserve and oocyte quality in aging mice. These data propose a novel intervention strategy for preserving the ovarian reserve function in elderly women.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Ferro , Oócitos , Ovário , Oxirredução , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Animais , Oócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Feminino , Ferro/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Mitofagia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Microambiente Celular , Reserva Ovariana
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