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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 123: 109718, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918208

RESUMO

Tumor cell-induced platelet aggregation (TCIPA) is the core mechanism potentiating high viability for circulatory tumor cells,which is the rate-limiting factor for metastasis.Additionally,as supported by the successful application of aspirin,the pro-malignant effects during tumor-platelets interaction can be largely neutralized by pharmacological deactivation of platelets.Caulis Spatholobi is widely used as an anti-coagulation herb in traditional Chinese medicine,indicating its potential against TCIPA.In our study,three fractions of Caulis Spatholobi extracts were firstly prepared.In colorectal cancer(CRC) model,the anti-metastatic potential was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo followed by the detection of their platlet regulatory effects.Results showed that all three extracts significantly suppressed the invasion and metastasis of CRC.Mechanistically,by blocking platelet-derived PDGF-B releasing,they reversed the enhanced epithelial mesenchymal transition during MC38-platelets interation.Further,ethyl acetate fraction shows the most promising efficacy for the future application in treatment.Overall,our study have for the first time proved CaulisSpatholobi extracts,especially the ethyl acetate fraction,as a potent TCIPA inhibitor during metastatic progression,which provided a novel candidate for pharmacologically blockage of metastasis in CRC.

2.
Arch Oral Biol ; 111: 104653, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of nicotine on cell survival and cisplatin resistance in oral cancer and the possible involvement of α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7-nAChRs). DESIGN: The effects of nicotine on cell survival and cisplatin-induced apoptosis were assessed. Knockdown of α7-nAChRs by short hairpin RNA and the specific antagonist methyllycaconitine (MLA) was used to examine the involvement of α7-nAChRs in modulating the effects of nicotine. Apoptosis signal molecules were examined in nicotine- and cisplatin-treated cells. RESULTS: Nicotine increased the survival of the oral cancer cells YD8 and OEC-M1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Nicotine treatment accelerated cell cycle progression in the oral cancer cells, and significantly reduced cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis. In the α7-nAChR-silenced cells, the prosurvival effect of nicotine in the cisplatin-treated cells was attenuated. Co-treatment of cisplatin and nicotine attenuated the effect of cisplatin on Bcl-2 expression. In addition, the effect of nicotine on cell survival under cisplatin treatment was attenuated with the addition of the Bcl-2 inhibitor ABT-737. CONCLUSIONS: Treating oral cancer cells with nicotine increased cell survival and cisplatin resistance, in which α7-nAChRs were involved.

3.
Cells ; 9(1)2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31947943

RESUMO

Silicosis is an occupational lung disease characterized by persistent inflammation and irreversible fibrosis. Crystalline silica (CS) particles are mainly phagocytized by alveolar macrophages (AMs), which trigger apoptosis, inflammation, and pulmonary fibrosis. Previously, we found that autophagy-lysosomal system dysfunction in AMs was involved in CS-induced inflammation and fibrosis. Induction of autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis by transcription factor EB (TFEB) nuclear translocation can rescue fibrotic diseases. However, the role of TFEB in silicosis is unknown. In this study, we found that CS induced TFEB nuclear localization and increased TFEB expression in macrophages both in vivo and in vitro. However, TFEB overexpression or treatment with the TFEB activator trehalose (Tre) alleviated lysosomal dysfunction and enhanced autophagic flux. It also reduced apoptosis, inflammatory cytokine levels, and fibrosis. Both pharmacologically inhibition of autophagy and TFEB knockdown in macrophages significantly abolished the antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects elicited by either TFEB overexpression or Tre treatment. In conclusion, these results uncover a protective role of TFEB-mediated autophagy in silicosis. Our study suggests that restoration of autophagy-lysosomal function by Tre-induced TFEB activation may be a novel strategy for the treatment of silicosis.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951311

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the serious complications of diabetes mellitus. Orientin, a major bioactive constituent of Fenugreek, has been reported to possess anti-hyperglycemic properties. However, its effects on DN remain unclear. Therefore, we explored the protective effect of orientin on podocytes. Here, we assessed cell viability and toxicity, level of autophagy, mitochondrial morphological changes, and podocyte apoptosis. The results indicated that high glucose (HG) induced podocyte apoptosis as well as mitochondrial injury. But orientin partially blocked these injuries. The results showed that orientin could repair autophagy disorder induced by HG, while 3-methyladenine (3-MA) reversed the protection of orientin. Our study demonstrated the possibility of treating DN with orientinDiabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the serious complications of diabetes mellitus. Orientin, a major bioactive constituent of Fenugreek, has been reported to possess anti-hyperglycemic properties. However, its effects on DN remain unclear. Therefore, we explored the protective effect of orientin on podocytes. Here, we assessed cell viability and toxicity, level of autophagy, mitochondrial morphological changes, and podocyte apoptosis. The results indicated that high glucose (HG) induced podocyte apoptosis as well as mitochondrial injury. But orientin partially blocked these injuries. The results showed that orientin could repair autophagy disorder induced by HG, while 3-methyladenine (3-MA) reversed the protection of orientin. Our study demonstrated the possibility of treating DN with orientin.

5.
Crit Care Med ; 48(2): e160, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939824
6.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916279

RESUMO

The effect of stem cell transplantation in the treatment of neural lesions is so far not satisfactory. Magnetic stimulation is a feasible exogenous interference to improve transplantation outcome. However, the effect of magnetic stimulation on the differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into neuron has not been studied. In this experiment, an in vitro neuron differentiation system from human iPSCs were established and confirmed. Three magnetic stimuli (high frequency [HF], low frequency [LF], intermittent theta-burst stimulation [iTBS]) were applied twice a day during the differentiation process. Immunofluorescence and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) were performed to analyze the effect of magnetic stimulation. Neural stem cells were obtained on day 12, manifested as floating neurospheres expressing neural precursor markers. All groups can differentiate into neurons while glial cell markers were not detected. Both Immunofluorescence and PCR results showed LF and iTBS increased the transcription and expression of neuronal nuclei (NeuN). HF significantly increased vesicular glutamate transporters2 transcription while iTBS promoted transcription of both synaptophysin and postsynaptic density protein 95. These results indicate that LF and iTBS can promote the generation of mature neurons from human iPSCs; HF may promote differentiate into glutamatergic neurons while iTBS may promote synapse formation during the differentiation.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899636

RESUMO

Theanine (thea) is the most abundant free amino acid in tea plant (Camellia sinensis) and one of the most important secondary metabolites conferring tea quality and health benefits. Great effort has recently been made to functionally dissect enzyme genes (e.g., GS, GDH, GOGAT) responsible for in vivo thea accumulation. However, the transcriptional regulation of its biosynthesis remains to be explored. Starting from publicly available (condition-independent) tea transcriptome data, we performed an exhaustive coexpression analysis between transcription factor (TF) genes and thea enzyme genes in tea plant. Our results showed that two typical plant-specialized (secondary) metabolites related TF families, such as MYB, bHLH, together with WD40 domain proteins, were prominently involved, suggesting a potential MYB-bHLH-WD40 (MBW) complex-mediated regulatory pattern in thea pathway. Aiming at the most involved MYB family, we screened seven MYB genes as thea candidate regulators through a stringent multistep selection (e.g., filtering with condition-specific nitrogen-treated transcriptome data). The control of MYB regulators in thea biosynthesis was further demonstrated using an integrated analysis of thea accumulation and MYB expression in several major tea tissues, including leave, bud, root, and stem. Our investigation aided tea researchers in having a comprehensive view of transcriptional regulatory landscape in thea biosynthesis, serving as the first platform for studying molecular regulation in thea pathway and a paradigm for understanding the characteristic components biosynthesis in nonmodel plants.

8.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919699

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease characterized by severe dyskinesia due to a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons along the nigro-striatal pathway. The current focus of treatment is to relieve symptoms through administration of levodopa, such as L-3,4-dihydroxy phenylalanine replacement therapy, dopaminergic agonist administration, functional neurosurgery, and gene therapy, rather than preventing dopaminergic neuronal damage. Hence, the application and development of neuroprotective/disease modification strategies is absolutely necessary. Currently, stem cell therapy has been considered for PD treatment. As for the stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seem to be the most promising. In this review, we analyze the mechanisms of action of MSCs in Parkinson's disease, including growth factor secretion, exocytosis, and attenuation of neuroinflammation. To determine efficacy and protect patients from possible adverse effects, ongoing rigorous and controlled studies of MSC treatment will be critical.

9.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic analysis can be used to assess HIV transmission in populations. We inferred the direction of HIV transmission using whole-genome HIV sequences from couples with known linked infection and known transmission direction. METHODS: Complete next generation sequencing (NGS) data were obtained for 105 unique index-partner sample pairs from 32 couples enrolled in the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 052 trial (up to two samples/person). Index samples were obtained up to 5.5 years before partner infection; partner samples were obtained near the time of seroconversion. The bioinformatics method, phyloscanner, was used to infer transmission direction. Analyses were performed using samples from individual sample pairs, samples from all couples (one sample/person; group analysis) and all available samples (multi-sample group analysis). Analysis was also performed using NGS data from defined regions of the HIV genome (gag, pol, env). RESULTS: Using whole-genome NGS data, transmission direction was inferred correctly (index to partner) for 98/105 (93.3%) of the individual sample pairs, 99/105 (94.3%) sample pairs using group analysis, and 31 (96.9%) of the 32 couples using multi-sample group analysis. There were no cases where the incorrect transmission direction (partner to index) was inferred. The accuracy of the method was higher with greater time between index and partner sample collection. Pol region sequences performed better than env or gag sequences for inferring transmission direction. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate the potential of a phylogenetic method to infer the direction of HIV transmission between two individuals using whole-genome and pol NGS data.

10.
Neuroscience ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917345

RESUMO

Enkephalin (ENK) has been implicated in pain modulation within the spinal dorsal horn (SDH). Revealing the mechanisms underlying ENK analgesia entails the anatomical and functional knowledge of spinal ENK-ergic circuits. Herein, we combined morphological and electrophysiological studies to unravel local ENK-ergic circuitry within the SDH. First, the distribution pattern of spinal ENK-ergic neurons was observed in adult preproenkephalin (PPE)-GFP knock-in mice. Next, the retrograde tracer tetramethylrhodamine (TMR) or horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was injected into the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) in PPE-GFP mice. Immunofluorescent staining showed I-isolectin B4 (IB4) labeled non-peptidergic afferents were in close apposition to TMR-labeled PBN-projecting neurons within lamina I as well as PPE-immunoreactivity (-ir) neurons within lamina II. Some TMR-labeled neurons were simultaneously in close association with both IB4 and PPE-ir terminals. Synaptic connections of these components were further confirmed by electron microscopy. Finally, TMR was injected into the PBN in adult C57BL/6 mice. Whole-cell patch recordings showed that δ-opioid receptor (DOR) agonist, [D-Pen2,5]-enkephalin (DPDPE, 1 µM), significantly reduced the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC) and decreased the activity of TMR-labeled neurons. In conclusion, spinal ENKergic neurons receive direct excitatory inputs from primary afferents, which might be directly recruited to release ENK under the condition of noxious stimuli; ENK could inhibit the glutamatergic transmission towards projecting neurons via presynaptic and postsynaptic DORs. These morphological and functional evidence may explain the mechanisms underlying the analgesic effects exerted by ENK within the SDH.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemoprevention of colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer remains an important public health goal. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical potential and safety of berberine for prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence. METHODS: This double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was done in seven hospital centres across six provinces in China. Individuals aged 18-75 years who had at least one but no more than six histologically confirmed colorectal adenomas that had undergone complete polypectomy within the 6 months before recruitment were recruited and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive berberine (0·3 g twice daily) or placebo tablets via block randomisation (block size of six). Participants were to undergo a first follow-up colonoscopy 1 year after enrolment, and if no colorectal adenomas were detected, a second follow-up colonoscopy at 2 years was planned. The study continued until the last enrolled participant reached the 2-year follow-up point. All participants, investigators, endoscopists, and pathologists were blinded to treatment assignment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the recurrence of adenomas at any follow-up colonoscopy. Analysis was based on modified intention-to-treat, with the full analysis set including all randomised participants who received at least one dose of study medication and who had available efficacy data. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02226185; the trial has ended and this report represents the final analysis. FINDINGS: Between Nov 14, 2014, and Dec 30, 2016, 553 participants were randomly assigned to the berberine group and 555 to the placebo group. The full analysis set consisted of 429 participants in the berberine group and 462 in the placebo group. 155 (36%) participants in the berberine group and 216 (47%) in the placebo group were found to have recurrent adenoma during follow-up (unadjusted relative risk ratio for recurrence 0·77, 95% CI 0·66-0·91; p=0·001). No colorectal cancers were detected during follow-up. The most common adverse event was constipation (six [1%] of 446 patients in the berberine group vs one [<0·5%] of 478 in the placebo group). No serious adverse events were reported. INTERPRETATION: Berberine 0·3 g twice daily was safe and effective in reducing the risk of recurrence of colorectal adenoma and could be an option for chemoprevention after polypectomy. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China.

12.
Toxicol Lett ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931077

RESUMO

Failure of all-trans-retinal (atRAL) clearance contributes to retina degeneration. However, whether autophagy can be activated by excess atRAL accumulation in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is not known. This study showed that atRAL provoked mitochondria-associated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, activated the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 and apoptosis in a human RPE cell line, ARPE-19 cells. Moreover, we found that autophagic flux was functionally activated after atRAL treatment. The antioxidant N-acetylcysteine attenuated the expression of autophagy markers, suggesting that ROS triggered atRAL-activated autophagy. In addition, autophagic cell death was observed in atRAL-treated RPE cells, while inhibition of autophagy with 3-methyladenine or LC3, Beclin1, p62 silencing ameliorated atRAL-induced cytotoxicity. Suppression of autophagy quenched mitochondrial ROS and inhibited HO-1 and γ-GCSh expression, indicating that atRAL-activated autophagy enhances intracellular oxidative stress, thereby promoting RPE cell apoptosis. Furthermore, we found that inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress suppressed atRAL-induced mitochondrial ROS generation, subsequently attenuated autophagy and apoptosis in RPE cells. Taken together, these results suggest that atRAL-induced oxidative stress and ER stress modulate autophagy, which may contribute to RPE degeneration. There may be positive feedback regulatory mechanisms between atRAL-induced oxidative stress and autophagy or ER stress.

13.
Nat Genet ; 52(1): 106-117, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907489

RESUMO

Snakebite envenoming is a serious and neglected tropical disease that kills ~100,000 people annually. High-quality, genome-enabled comprehensive characterization of toxin genes will facilitate development of effective humanized recombinant antivenom. We report a de novo near-chromosomal genome assembly of Naja naja, the Indian cobra, a highly venomous, medically important snake. Our assembly has a scaffold N50 of 223.35 Mb, with 19 scaffolds containing 95% of the genome. Of the 23,248 predicted protein-coding genes, 12,346 venom-gland-expressed genes constitute the 'venom-ome' and this included 139 genes from 33 toxin families. Among the 139 toxin genes were 19 'venom-ome-specific toxins' (VSTs) that showed venom-gland-specific expression, and these probably encode the minimal core venom effector proteins. Synthetic venom reconstituted through recombinant VST expression will aid in the rapid development of safe and effective synthetic antivenom. Additionally, our genome could serve as a reference for snake genomes, support evolutionary studies and enable venom-driven drug discovery.

14.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900833

RESUMO

Hydroquinone (HQ), a major metabolic product of benzene, causes acute myeloid leukemia (AML) elicited by benzene exposure. Past studies found that continuous exposure of human AML U937 cells to HQ selectively produces malignant U937/HQ cells in which FOXP3 upregulation modulates malignant progression. Other studies revealed that AMPK promotes TET2 activity on DNA demethylation and that TET2 activity is crucial for upregulating FOXP3 expression. This study was conducted to elucidate whether compound C, an AMPK inhibitor, blocked the AMPK-TET2-FOXP3 axis in AML and in HQ-selected malignant cells. We found higher levels of AMPKα, TET2, and FOXP3 expression in U937/HQ cells compared to U937 cells. Treatment of parental Original Article and HQ-selected malignant U937 cells with compound C induced ROS-mediated p38 MAPK activation, leading to a suppression of AMPKα, TET2, and FOXP3 expression. Moreover, compound C induced apoptosis and mTOR-independent autophagy. The suppression of the autophagic flux inhibited the apoptosis of compound C-treated U937 and U937/HQ cells, whereas co-treatment with rapamycin, a mTOR inhibitor, sensitized the two cell lines to compound C cytotoxicity. Overexpression of AMPKα1 or pretreatment with autophagic inhibitors abrogated compound C-induced autophagy and suppression of TET2 and FOXP3 expression. Restoration of AMPKα1 or FOXP3 expression increased cell survival after treatment with compound C. In conclusion, our results show that compound C suppresses AMPK/TET2 axis-mediated FOXP3 expression and induces autophagy-dependent apoptosis in parental and HQ-selected malignant U937 cells, suggesting that the AMPK/TET2/FOXP3 axis is a promising target for improving AML therapy and attenuating benzene exposure-induced AML progression.

15.
J Neuroinflammation ; 17(1): 4, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both human and animal studies have shown beneficial effects of physical exercise on brain health but most tend to be based on aerobic rather than resistance type regimes. Resistance exercise has the advantage of improving both muscular and cardiovascular function, both of which can benefit the frail and the elderly. However, the neuroprotective effects of resistance training in cognitive impairment are not well characterized. METHODS: We evaluated whether short-term resistant training could improve cognitive function and pathological changes in mice with pre-existing cognitive impairment. Nine-month-old 3xTg mouse underwent a resistance training protocol of climbing up a 1-m ladder with a progressively heavier weight loading. RESULTS: Compared with sedentary counterparts, resistance training improved cognitive performance and reduced neuropathological and neuroinflammatory changes in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of mice. In line with these results, inhibition of pro-inflammatory intracellular pathways was also demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: Short-term resistance training improved cognitive function in 3xTg mice, and conferred beneficial effects on neuroinflammation, amyloid and tau pathology, as well as synaptic plasticity. Resistance training may represent an alternative exercise strategy for delaying disease progression in Alzheimer's disease.

16.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912932

RESUMO

We combined fMRI with eye tracking and speech recording to examine the neural and cognitive mechanisms that underlie reading. To simplify the study of the complex processes involved during reading we used naming speed (NS) tasks (also known as rapid automatized naming or RAN) as a focus for this study, in which average reading right-handed adults named sets of stimuli (letters or objects) as quickly and accurately as possible. Due to the possibility of spoken output during fMRI studies creating motion artifacts, we employed both an overt session and a covert session. When comparing the two sessions, there were no significant differences in behavioral performance, sensorimotor activation (except for regions involved in the motor aspects of speech production), or activation in regions within the left-hemisphere dominant neural reading network. This established that differences found between the tasks within the reading network were not attributed to speech production motion artifacts or sensorimotor processes. Both behavioral and neuroimaging measures showed that letter naming was a more automatic and efficient task than object naming. Furthermore, specific manipulations to the NS tasks to make the stimuli more visually and/or phonologically similar differentially activated the reading network in the left hemisphere associated with phonological, orthographic, and orthographic-to-phonological processing, but not articulatory/motor processing related to speech production. These findings further our understanding of the underlying neural processes that support reading by examining how activation within the reading network differs with both task performance and task characteristics.

17.
RNA ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907208

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small and endogenous molecules that control gene expression, are broadly involved in biological processes. Although a number of cofactors that assist or antagonize let-7 miRNA biogenesis are well-established, more auxiliary factors remain to be investigated. Here, we identified SYNCRIP (Synaptotagmin Binding Cytoplasmic RNA Interacting Protein) as a new player for let-7a miRNA. SYNCRIP interacts with pri-let-7a both in vivo and in vitro. Knockdown of SYNCRIP impaired, while overexpression of SYNCRIP promotes the expression of let-7a miRNA. A broad miRNA profiling analysis revealed that silencing of SYNCRIP regulates the expression of a set of mature miRNAs positively or negatively. In addition, SYNCRIP is associated with microprocessor complex and promotes the processing of pri-let-7a. Strikingly, terminal loop of pri-let-7a was shown to be the main contributor for its interaction with SYNCRIP. Functional studies demonstrated that SYNCRIP RRM2-3 domain can promote the processing of pri-let-7a. Structure based alignment of RRM2-3 with other RNA binding proteins identified the residues likely to participate in protein-RNA interaction. Taken together, these findings suggest the promising role that SYNCRIP plays in miRNA regulation, thus providing insights into the function of SYNCRIP in eukaryotic development.

18.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907569

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate 18F-FDG PET/CT feature of pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma (PASC) in contrast with conventional pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and its correlation with pathological findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with PASC or PDAC confirmed by surgical pathology, who underwent FDG PET/CT scanning before surgical resection, were retrospectively studied. PASC group and conventional PDAC group included 13 and 104 patients, respectively. Delayed phase of PET/CT scanning was performed in 12 patients with PASC and 99 with PDAC. Maximum standardized value (SUVmax) was measured, and the mean retention index (RI) was calculated by ([PET120min SUVmax]-[PET 60min SUVmax]) ÷ PET 60min SUVmax × 100%. RESULTS: On PET/CT, all lesions of PASC group showed intense FDG uptake, and the SUVmax were significantly higher than the lesions of conventional PDAC group both on the early [10.43 ± 5.10 (4.37-24.00) vs. 7.31 ± 3.86 (1.93-21.08), P = 0.011] and delayed phase [13.29 ± 6.04 (5.72-28.16) vs. 8.84 ± 5.14 (1.92-27.58), P = 0.005]. On the delayed phase, all lesions of PASC group had increased SUVmax with positive RI value (27.04% ± 8.87%, 7.14-39.27%). For conventional PDAC group, 81 lesions had increased SUVmax with positive RI value (27.25% ± 19.10%, 1.09-104.49%), while eighteen (18.18%) lesions of PDAC group had slightly decreased SUVmax, and their RI value were negative (- 11.35% ± 13.50%, - 43.17 to - 0.14%). The proliferative index (Ki-67) of lesions of PASC group was positively correlated with both the early (P = 0.034, r = 0.671) and delayed SUVmax (P = 0.019, r = 0.721). The RI value of lesions with adjacent organ invasion in PASC group was significantly higher than those without invasion (33.25% ± 4.92% vs. 20.83% ± 7.49%, P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: PASC has more intense FDG uptake than conventional PDAC both on early and delayed phase. RI value of PASC was positive. Negative RI value may be helpful for differentiating PDAC from PASC. SUVmax and RI value may be helpful for prediction of its malignancy and invasion.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907757

RESUMO

LncRNA TUG1 has the potential to promote the osteogenic differentiation of several cells, but the role of lncRNA TUG1 in osteogenic differentiation of tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) is still unknown. This study aims to determine the role of lncRNA TUG1 in osteogenic differentiation of TSPCs. bFGF, RUNX2, and Osterix protein expressions were detected by western blot. LncRNA TUG1 and bFGF expression was detected by qRT-PCR. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay was used to confirm the interaction between TUG1 and bFGF2. Ubiquitination assay was used to determine the ubiquitination of bFGF protein. During osteogenic differentiation, the protein expression of bFGF was significantly downregulated in TSPCs, and the expression of TUG1 was significantly elevated in TSPCs. Interfering TUG1 or overexpressing bFGF suppressed osteogenic differentiation of TSPCs. In addition, lncRNA TUG1 interacted with bFGF, and lncRNA TUG1 promoted the ubiquitination of bFGF protein. We also determined that lncRNA TUG1 downregulated bFGF protein expression through promoting the ubiquitination of bFGF. LncRNA TUG1 promoted the osteogenic differentiation of TSPCs through promoting bFGF ubiquitination.

20.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; : e13221, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a mind map-based life review programme (MBLRP) on psychological distress, hope, meaning in life and self-transcendence in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: Eighty-four cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy from a university-affiliated hospital in Fujian, China. The participants were randomly allocated to a MBLRP group (n = 40) or usual care group (n = 44). Data were collected at baseline (T0), on the second day (T1) and four weeks after the programme (T2) using the Distress Thermometer, Meaning in Life Questionnaire, Herth Hope Scale and Self-transcendence Scale. RESULTS: No significant interaction effects for time and group membership were found for psychological distress either at T1 (t = -1.707, p = .090) or at T2 (t = -1.123, p = .263). The interaction effects for T1 and group membership were statistically significant for meaning in life (t = 3.487, p = .001) and hope (t = 5.313, p < .001), but not statistically significant for self-transcendence (t = 0.148, p = .882). The interaction effects for T2 and group membership were statistically significant for meaning in life (t = 2.592, p = .01), hope (t = 5.215, p < .001) and self-transcendence (t = 2.843, p = .005). CONCLUSIONS: The MBLRP could improve hope, meaning in life and self-transcendence in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

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