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Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 142-146, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672151


Objective: To screen the influencing factors of hypertensive heart disease (HHD), establish the predictive model of HHD, and provide early warning for the occurrence of HHD. Methods: Select the patients diagnosed as hypertensive heart disease or hypertensionfrom January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019, in the medical data science academy of a medical school. Influencing factors were screened through single factor and multi-factor analysis, and R software was used to construct the logistics model, random forest (RF) model and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) model. Results: Univariate analysis screened 60 difference indicators, and multifactor analysis screened 18 difference indicators (P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of Logistics model, RF model and XGBoost model are 0.979, 0.983 and 0.990, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the three HHD prediction models established in this paper are stable, and the XGBoost prediction model has a good diagnostic effect on the occurrence of HHD.

Cardiopatias , Aprendizado de Máquina , Biomarcadores , Humanos
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672459


Objective: Insufcient exercise blood pressure response(blunted ABPR) and lower blood pressure during the recovery period (LBP)after exercise are common abnormalities in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The purpose of this study was to analyze the related factors of these two types of abnormal blood pressure response in HCM patients and their relationship with cardiopulmonary function. Methods: A total of 219 consecutive HCM patients who underwent CPET in Fuwai hospital were recruited from April 1, 2018 to Jan 31, 2020 with a complete clinical assessment, including electrocardiography, HOLTER, rest echocardiography and cardiac MRI. One hundred and eleven healthy age- and gender-matched volunteers enrolled as control group. Results: The incidences of blunted ABPR and LBP in HCM patients were much higher than normal control group (8.7% vs 1.8%, P=0.016; 6.8% vs 0.0%, P=0.003, respectively). In HCM group, patients with blunted ABPR combined more coronary artery disease (CAD) (P=0.029), pulmonary hypertension (PH) (P=0.002) and atrial fibrillation/flutter (P=0.036) compared with patients without blunted ABPR. Compared with HCM patients without LBP, the patients with LBP had higher rest left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient (P=0.017) and left ventricular ejection fraction (P=0.043), more incidence of LVOT obstructive (P=0.015) and systolic anterior motion (P=0.022). After Logistic regression analysis, CAD and PH were independent factor of blunted ABPR, while LBP was only independently associated with rest LVOT gradient. Blunted ABPR was associated with lower Peak VO2, peak heart rate and hear rate reserve, and higher NT-proBNP (P=0.019), VE/VO2 (P=0.000). LBP was not associated with any index of cardiopulmonary function. Conclusion: The incidences of blunted ABPR and LBP in HCM patients were much higher than normal control group. In HCM patients, CAD and PH were independent determinants of blunted ABPR, while LBP was only independently associated with rest LVOT gradient. Patients with blunted ABPR had lower cardiopulmonary function, but LBP was not associated cardiopulmonary function.

Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Teste de Esforço , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672465


Objective: The patients with Hypertrophic CardioMyopathy (HCM), characterized by hypertrophy of the myocardium with a high risk of sudden death, was less clear for the exercise pathophysiology. Under the guidance of holistic integrative physiology and medicine (HIPM), the ramp protocol symptom-limited CardioPulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) is the only method to evaluate the overall functional status of human body. We investigated the CPET pathophysiology in patients with HCM. Methods: From April 2017 to January 2020, 244 subjects were enrolled after signed the informed consent form and completing CPET in Fuwai Hospital. They 219 HCM patients and 25 healthy normal subjects as control (NS). The changes of CPET core parameters between two them were calculated, compared and did Individual analysis. Results: ①The gender of HCM was 163 maleand 56 female. The gender of NS was 11 male and 14 female. The age of HCM was (46.7±12.8, 16.0~71.0) year; NS was (43.7±10.4, 26.0~61.0) year.②The core CPET parameters of HCM: peak oxygen uptake (Peak VO2) was (65.2±13.8, 22.8~103.4) %pred; anaerobic threshold (AT) was (66.4±13.0, 33.7~103.5) %pred; Peak O2 pulse was (84.3±19.0, 90.9~126.0)%pred; oxygen uptake efficiency platform (OUEP) was (99.2±13.4, 69.1~155.5) %pred; Lowest VE/VCO2 was (108.0±13.2, 70.4~154.0)%pred; VE/VCO2 Slope was (108.5±17.9, 66.9~164.9)%pred. Compared with NS, the Peak VO2, AT, Peak O2 pulse, and OUEP were significantly decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.05), but the Lowest VE/VCO2 and VE/VCO2 Slope were significantly increased (P<0.05). For Individual analysis of the overall functional status of CPET, some were very sever but some HCM were still within the normal range.③ The Peak VO2 was positively correlated with AT, OUEP, Peak O2 pulse, and peak systolic blood pressure, but was negative correlated with Lowest VE/VCO2 and VE/VCO2 Slope. Conclusion: CPET is safe and specific characteristics for patients with HCM, which deserve further research and clinical application. Under HIPM guidance, CPET can not only be used for overall functional evaluation, disease diagnosis and differential diagnosis, risk stratification, curative effect evaluation and accurate prognostic prediction, but also be utilized in formulating the individualized training prescription and management of chronic diseases.

Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Limiar Anaeróbio , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia , Masculino