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Chem Asian J ; 14(23): 4328-4336, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650678


Surface-modified thermally expandable microcapsules (TEMs) hold potential for applications in various fields. In this work, we discussed the possible surface coating mechanism and reported the properties of TEMs coated with polyaniline (PANI) and polydisperse graphene oxide sheets (ionic liquid-graphene oxide hybrid nanomaterial (ILs-GO)). The surface coating of PANI/ ILs-GO increased the corresponding particle size and its distribution range. The morphologies analyzed by scanning electron microscopy indicated that no interfacial gap was observed between the microspheres ink and substrate layer during the substrate application. The thermal properties were determined by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses. The addition of ILs-GO to the polyaniline coating significantly improved the thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of the microcapsules. The evaporation of hexane present in the core of TEMs was not prevented by the coating of PANI/ ILs-GO. The printing application of TEMs showed excellent adaptability to various flexible substrates with great 3D appearance. By incorporating a flame retardant agent into TEMs coated by PANI/ILs-GO, finally, these TEMs also demonstrated a great flame retardant ability. We expect that these TEM-coated PANI/ ILs-GO are likely to have the potential to improve the functional properties for various applications.

Micromachines (Basel) ; 10(11)2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652696


Flexible pressure sensors have attracted tremendous attention from researchers for their widely applications in tactile artificial intelligence, electric skin, disease diagnosis, and healthcare monitoring. Obtaining flexible pressure sensors with high sensitivity in a low cost and convenient way remains a huge challenge. In this paper, the composite dielectric layer based on the mixture of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with different aspect ratios and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was employed in flexible capacitive pressure sensor to increase its sensitivity. In addition, the screen printing instead of traditional etching based methods was used to prepare the electrodes array of the sensor. The results showed that the aspect ratio and weight fraction of the CNTs play an important role in improving the sensitivity of the printed capacitive pressure sensor. The prepared capacitive sensor with the CNTs/PDMS composite dielectric layer demonstrated a maximum sensitivity of 2.9 kPa-1 in the pressure range of 0-450 Pa, by using the CNTs with an aspect ratio of 1250-3750 and the weight fraction of 3.75%. The mechanism study revealed that the increase of the sensitivity of the pressure sensor should be attributed to the relative permittivity increase of the composite dielectric layer under pressure. Meanwhile, the printed 3 × 3 and 10 × 10 sensor arrays showed excellent spatial resolution and uniformity when they were applied to measure the pressure distribution. For further applications, the flexible pressure sensor was integrated on an adhesive bandage to detect the finger bending, as well as used to create Morse code by knocking the sensor to change their capacitance curves. The printed and flexible pressure sensor in this study might be a good candidate for the development of tactile artificial intelligence, intelligent medical diagnosis systems and wearable electronics.

Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 197, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172304


Highly conductive ink with low sintering temperature is important for printed electronics on paper substrate. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) of different average radii ranging from 48 to 176 nm were synthesized by adjusting the Ag+ concentration in the reaction process. The electric resistivity of the Ag NP-based ink film in relation to Ag NP size, sintering temperature, amount of PVP capping agent on Ag NP surface, and morphology evolution of the film during heating process was investigated. It was found that the resistivity of the films reduced very rapidly with increasing particle size due above all to reduced amount of protective agent capping on the Ag NPs. A semi-empirical relationship between the resistivity and the particle size was proposed. With the help of this mathematical expression, one gains both systematic and detailed insight to the resistivity evaluation with regard to the Ag particle size. The optimal electric resistivity of 4.6 µΩ cm was achieved at 140 °C for 10 min which was very close to the resistivity value of bulk Ag (1.58 µΩ cm). Mechanical flexibility of the printed electronics with the Ag NP-based ink on paper substrates was investigated. The prints on the art coated paper exhibited better flexibility compared to that on the photopaper. This might be attributed to the surface coating composition, surface morphology of the paper, and their corresponding ink absorption property.

Chem Asian J ; 13(19): 2781-2785, 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969186


Three-arm star azopyridinium salts self-organize into various morphologies in water/organic mixed solvents. Interesting AIE and self-assembling features are observed due to the strong interaction of the azopyridinium moieties with the highly polar H2 O molecules causing the salts to aggregate, which restricts the molecular motion and induces the fluorescence.

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 50(68): 9647-9, 2014 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24887204


A series of photoresponsive halogen-bonded liquid crystals (LCs) were successfully constructed using molecular halogen and azopyridine compounds, which show interesting properties of photoinduced phase transition upon UV irradiation. In addition, bromine-bonded LCs were first obtained with high mesophase stability.

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 50(6): 691-4, 2014 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24286108


A chiral nematic liquid crystal-photopolymerizable monomer-chiral azobenzene compound composite was prepared and then polymerized under UV irradiation. The reflection wavelength of the composite can be extended to cover the 1000-2400 nm range and also be adjusted to the visible light region by controlling the concentration of chiral compounds.