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1.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(22): 2737-2744, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnosis of chronic wound biofilms and discuss current treatment approaches. DATA SOURCES: Articles included in this review were obtained from the following databases: Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, and the Web of Science. We focused on research published before August 2019 with keywords including chronic wound, biofilm, bacterial biofilms, and chronic wound infection. STUDY SELECTION: Relevant articles were selected by carefully reading the titles and abstracts. Further, different diagnosis and clinical treatment methods for chronic wound biofilm were compared and summarized from the selected published articles. RESULTS: Recent guidelines on medical biofilms stated that approaches such as the use of scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy are the most reliable types of diagnostic techniques. Further, therapeutic strategies include debridement, negative pressure wound therapy, ultrasound, antibiotic, silver-containing dressing, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and others. CONCLUSION: This review provides the identification and management of biofilms, and it can be used as a tool by clinicians for a better understanding of biofilms and translating research to develop best clinical practices.

2.
Cancer Nurs ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-related chronic pain is reported by many patients during treatment. There are very few Chinese tools for measuring psychological inflexibility caused by cancer pain, particularly with regard to psychological processes that might influence pain severity and function disorder during cancer treatment. OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Psychological Inflexibility in Pain Scale (PIPS) to Chinese cancer patients experiencing chronic pain, including the determination of psychometric properties of the translated PIPS. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 2 phases: (1) translation and cultural adaptation and (2) determination of psychometric properties of the translated PIPS. In total, 389 cancer patients with several types of cancer experiencing chronic pain enrolled from May to September 2018 at a tertiary cancer hospital in Yuelu District of Hunan Province, China. RESULTS: The Chinese PIPS version was semantically equivalent to the original. It had a 2-factor structure with satisfactory content validity (content validity index = 0.78-1.00), convergent and discriminant validity (composite reliability and average variance extracted at 0.41-0.89, P < .001), criterion-related validity (r = 0.54 and 0.41, P < .001), Cronbach's α coefficients (α = .87), and test-retest reliability (0.9 ≤ r ≤ 0.98). CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese PIPS version has been culturally adapted and has strong psychometric properties. The scale is a psychometrically sound assessment of psychological inflexibility that can be used for future studies of pain and pain management for cancer patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The study provides a vital tool for the psychological management of cancer patients with chronic pain.

3.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(23-24): 4488-4495, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410906

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore whether the risk of peripheral venous catheters failure remained constant throughout catheter use in adult patients. BACKGROUND: Peripheral venous catheters, widely used in adult patients, may have a critical threshold dwell time associated with increased risk of catheter failure. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. We have complied with the STROBE checklist of items. METHODS: This study was conducted from July-October 2018 in Hunan, China. Data on patient factors, catheter factors and catheter failure events were collected. Poisson regression was used to assess the effect of catheter dwell time on catheter failure while adjusting for other variables. RESULTS: A total of 1,477 patients were included in the analysis. There were 854 cases (57.8%) of catheter failure. The median dwell time to catheter failure was 52 hr (interquartile range: 36-73 hr). The incidence rate of catheter failure significantly increased by 1.1%/h in the first 38 hr after catheter insertion. From 39-149 hr, the incidence rate significantly decreased, and at >149 hr, there was no significant change in the incidence rate. Meanwhile, factors such as vascular quality and infused drugs showed having an impact on catheter failure events. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of catheter failure may not remain constant throughout the dwell time. The results suggest that nurses should assess the insertion site frequently in the first 38 hr. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The significant increase in the risk of catheter failure per hour may warrant close and frequent inspection of insertion site during the first 38 hr.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Falha de Equipamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Cateterismo Periférico/enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Chest ; 153(5): 1116-1124, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29625777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In COPD, functional status is improved by pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) but requires specific facilities. Tai Chi, which combines psychological treatment and physical exercise and requires no special equipment, is widely practiced in China and is becoming increasingly popular in the rest of the world. We hypothesized that Tai Chi is equivalent (ie, difference less than ±4 St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ] points) to PR. METHODS: A total of 120 patients (mean FEV1, 1.11 ± 0.42 L; 43.6% predicted) bronchodilator-naive patients were studied. Two weeks after starting indacaterol 150 µg once daily, they randomly received either standard PR thrice weekly or group Tai Chi five times weekly, for 12 weeks. The primary end point was change in SGRQ prior to and following the exercise intervention; measurements were also made 12 weeks after the end of the intervention. RESULTS: The between-group difference for SGRQ at the end of the exercise interventions was -0.48 (95% CI PR vs Tai Chi, -3.6 to 2.6; P = .76), excluding a difference exceeding the minimal clinically important difference. Twelve weeks later, the between-group difference for SGRQ was 4.5 (95% CI, 1.9 to 7.0; P < .001), favoring Tai Chi. Similar trends were observed for 6-min walk distance; no change in FEV1 was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Tai Chi is equivalent to PR for improving SGRQ in COPD. Twelve weeks after exercise cessation, a clinically significant difference in SGRQ emerged favoring Tai Chi. Tai Chi is an appropriate substitute for PR. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT02665130; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Tai Ji , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 3(1): 51-53, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27981138

RESUMO

China has one of the largest numbers of cancer patients. The huge expenses of medical care for cancer patients has brought heavy economic burden to the family. This paper briefly introduces the tumor medical insurance situation in China from the construction and composition of China's medical security system, the access of cancer patients to get health insurance, the challenges and developmental trend of China's medical security system, and two case studies that highlight different financial situations.

6.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 3(3): 226-232, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27981165

RESUMO

Factors affecting the health outcomes of cancer patients have gained extensive research attention considering the increasing number and prolonged longevity of cancer survivors. Breast cancer survivors experience physical, psychological, social, and spiritual challenges. This systematic literature review aims to present and discuss an overview of main issues concerning breast cancer survivors after treatment. Treatment-related symptoms as well as psychosocial and spiritual aspects of breast cancer survivors are evaluated. Moreover, the benefits of intervention for emotional, physical, social, and spiritual needs of the patient during the survivorship are investigated. This review also proposes avenues for future studies in this field and develops a new, integrated, and complete interpretation of findings on the holistic well-being of women with breast cancer. Thus, this study provides clinicians with a more comprehensive source of information compared with individual studies on symptom experiences.

7.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 21 Suppl 2: 150-6, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24821459

RESUMO

The aim of this randomized controlled study was to investigate the effects of a novel external catheter fixation method for chemotherapy using inferior epigastric arterial catheterization for cervical cancer.Patients diagnosed with cervical cancer were randomly divided into a control group (n = 32) and a treatment group (n = 33). Patients in the control group underwent a traditional fixation method using a haemostat, elastic band and abdominal bandage. Patients in the treatment group underwent an improved fixation method using an indwelling needle and membrane cover. We used a visual analogue scale (VAS) to evaluate each patient's comfort score and also recorded the incidence of needlestick injury and the length of injection time in each group. The VAS scores measured before and after chemotherapy in the treatment group were lower than in the control group. The incidence of needlestick injury in the treatment group was significantly lower than in the control group. The length of injection time in treatment group was significantly lower than in the control group. Compared with the traditional fixation method, the improved fixation method not only increased patient comfort but also reduced both the risk of needlestick injury and the length of injection time. This improved technique deserves increased clinical use.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Artérias Epigástricas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Cateteres de Demora , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Peptides ; 51: 4-8, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24184419

RESUMO

Copeptin reflects the individual stress level, and is correlated with outcomes of critical illness. This study was designed to evaluate its relationship with disease severity, local complications, organ failure and mortality of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Seventy-eight SAP patients and 78 sex- and age-matched healthy individuals were recruited. Plasma samples were obtained on admission from SAP patients and at study entry from healthy individuals. Copeptin concentration was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plasma copeptin level was obviously higher in patients than in healthy individuals, was identified as an independent predictor of local complications, organ failure and in-hospital mortality, was highly associated with traditional predictors of disease severity and mortality including the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Care Evaluation II score, Ranson score, multiple organ dysfunction score, sequential organ failure assessment score, and predicted local complications, organ failure, and in-hospital mortality of SAP patients with high areas under receiver operating characteristic curve. Furthermore, its predictive value was similar to the traditional predictors'. However, it could not improve these traditional predictors' predictive values. Therefore, increased plasma copeptin level is associated with disease severity and identified as a novel prognostic marker of local complications, organ failure and mortality after SAP.


Assuntos
Glicopeptídeos/sangue , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/sangue , Pancreatite/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/patologia , Análise Multivariada , Pancreatite/mortalidade , Pancreatite/patologia , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Plant Physiol ; 161(3): 1409-20, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23307650

RESUMO

The homeostasis of iron (Fe) in plants is strictly regulated to maintain an optimal level for plant growth and development but not cause oxidative stress. About 30% of arable land is considered Fe deficient because of calcareous soil that renders Fe unavailable to plants. Under Fe-deficient conditions, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) shows retarded growth, disordered chloroplast development, and delayed flowering time. In this study, we explored the possible connection between Fe availability and the circadian clock in growth and development. Circadian period length in Arabidopsis was longer under Fe-deficient conditions, but the lengthened period was not regulated by the canonical Fe-deficiency signaling pathway involving nitric oxide. However, plants with impaired chloroplast function showed long circadian periods. Fe deficiency and impaired chloroplast function combined did not show additive effects on the circadian period, which suggests that plastid-to-nucleus retrograde signaling is involved in the lengthening of circadian period under Fe deficiency. Expression pattern analyses of the central oscillator genes in mutants defective in CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED1/LATE ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL or GIGANTEA demonstrated their requirement for Fe deficiency-induced long circadian period. In conclusion, Fe is involved in maintaining the period length of circadian rhythm, possibly by acting on specific central oscillators through a retrograde signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferro/farmacologia , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/ultraestrutura , Cloroplastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/ultraestrutura , Relógios Circadianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes de Plantas/genética , Ferro/deficiência , Lincomicina/farmacologia , Modelos Biológicos , Mutação/genética , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Piridazinas/farmacologia , S-Nitrosoglutationa/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Plant Signal Behav ; 6(10): 1428-30, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21897129

RESUMO

In a previous study, we found copper (Cu) accumulated to a higher level in the aerial parts of soil-grown plants of the SUMO E3 ligase siz1 mutant than in those of the wild type. Here, we found that all superoxide dismutase (SOD) isoforms, such as FeSOD, MnSOD and different types of Cu/ZnSOD, were more active in the siz1 mutant than in the wild type under normal growth conditions. We further examined the expression and enzymatic activity of Cu/ZnSOD1 (CSD1) in shoots of the siz1 mutant under excess Cu. Shoot CSD1 protein level and activity were reduced in siz1 with excess Cu but induced in the wild type. SIZ1-dependent SUMOylation may be involved in maintaining CSD1 protein stability or repelling a feedback regulation under Cu stress.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Ligases/metabolismo , Mutação/genética , Proteínas Modificadoras Pequenas Relacionadas à Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Plant Physiol ; 156(4): 2225-34, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21632972

RESUMO

The reversible conjugation of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) to protein substrates occurs as a posttranslational regulatory process in eukaryotic organisms. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), several stress-responsive SUMO conjugations are mediated mainly by the SUMO E3 ligase SIZ1. In this study, we observed a phenotype of hypersensitivity to excess copper in the siz1-2 and siz1-3 mutants. Excess copper can stimulate the accumulation of SUMO1 conjugates in wild-type plants but not in the siz1 mutant. Copper accumulated to a higher level in the aerial parts of soil-grown plants in the siz1 mutant than in the wild type. A dramatic difference in copper distribution was also observed between siz1 and wild-type Arabidopsis treated with excess copper. As a result, the shoot-to-root ratio of copper concentration in siz1 is nearly twice as high as that in the wild type. We have found that copper-induced Sumoylation is involved in the gene regulation of metal transporters YELLOW STRIPE-LIKE 1 (YSL1) and YSL3, as the siz1 mutant is unable to down-regulate the expression of YSL1 and YSL3 under excess copper stress. The hypersensitivity to excess copper and anomalous distribution of copper observed in the siz1 mutant are greatly diminished in the siz1ysl3 double mutant and slightly in the siz1ysl1 double mutant. These data suggest that SIZ1-mediated sumoylation is involved specifically in copper homeostasis and tolerance in planta.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Cobre/toxicidade , Ligases/metabolismo , Proteínas Modificadoras Pequenas Relacionadas à Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Cobre/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Mutação/genética , Fenótipo , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sumoilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Physiol Plant ; 136(3): 324-35, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19470092

RESUMO

Bacterial wilt (BW), caused by Ralstonia solanacearum, is a devastating vascular disease of tomato worldwide. However, information on tomato's defense mechanism against infection by this soil-borne bacterium is limited. In this study, virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) was employed to decipher signaling pathways involved in the resistance of tomato to this pathogen. Defined sequence fragments derived from a group of genes known or predicted to be involved in ethylene (ET) and salicylic acid (SA) signaling transduction pathways and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades were subjected to VIGS in 'Hawaii 7996', a tomato cultivar with stable resistance to BW, and their effect on resistance was determined. The results indicated that silencing of ACO1/3, EIN2, ERF3, NPR1, TGA2.2, TGA1a, MKK2, MPK1/2 and MPK3 caused significant increase in bacterial proliferation in stembases and/or mid-stems. Partial wilting symptoms appeared on plants in which TGA2.2, TGA2.1a, MKK2 and MPK1/2 were silenced. These results suggested that ET-, SA- and MAPK-related defense signaling pathways are involved in the resistance of tomato to BW. This is the first report elucidating the multiple layers of defense governing the resistance of tomato to BW. The results are discussed to enlighten an important and complex interaction between tomato and a soil-borne vascular pathogen.


Assuntos
Etilenos/metabolismo , Inativação Gênica , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , RNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Ralstonia , Transdução de Sinais/genética
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