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1.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate whether capsular stroke (CS) and pontine stroke (PS) have different topological alterations of structural connectivity (SC) and functional connectivity (FC), as well as correlations of SC-FC coupling with movement assessment scores. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging were prospectively acquired in 46 patients with CS, 36 with PS, and 29 healthy controls (HCs). Graph theoretical network analyses of SC and FC were performed. Patients with left and right lesions were analyzed separately. RESULTS: With regard to FC, the PS and CS groups both showed higher local efficiency than the HCs, and the CS group also had a higher clustering coefficient (Cp) than the HCs in the right lesion analysis. With regard to SC, the PS and CS groups both showed different normalized clustering coefficient (γ), small-worldness (σ), and characteristic path length (Lp) compared with the HC group. Additionally, the CS group showed higher normalized characteristic path length (λ) and a lower Cp than the HCs and the PS group showed higher λ and lower global efficiency than the HCs in the right-lesion analysis. However, γ, σ, Cp and Lp were only significantly different in the PS and CS groups compared with the HC group in the right-lesion analysis. Importantly, the CS group was found to have a weaker SC-FC coupling than the PS group and the HC group in the right-lesion analysis. In addition, both patient groups had weaker structural-functional connectome correlation than the HCs. CONCLUSIONS: The CS and PS groups both showed FC and SC disruption and the CS group had a weaker SC-FC coupling than the PS group in the right lesion analysis. This may provide useful information for individualized rehabilitative strategies.

2.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(7): 1600-1608, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33746576

RESUMO

Background: Luteal-phase ovarian stimulation (LPOS) is an alternative in vitro fertilization (IVF) protocol. However, limited data showed the genes expression of cumulus cells (CCs) in LPOS. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate CC genes expression between LPOS and follicular-phase ovarian stimulation (FPOS) in poor ovarian responders (PORs) undergoing IVF cycles. Methods: This was a prospective non-randomized trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03238833). A total of 36 PORs who met the Bologna criteria and underwent IVF cycles were enrolled. Fifteen PORs were allocated to the LPOS group, and 21 PORs were allocated to the FPOS group. The levels of CC genes involved in inflammation (CXCL1, CXCL3, TNF, PTGES), oxidative phosphorylation (NDUFB7, NDUFA4L2, SLC25A27), apoptosis (DAPK3, BCL6B) and metabolism (PCK1, LDHC) were analyzed using real-time quantitative PCR and compared between the two groups. Results: The number of retrieved oocytes, metaphase II oocytes, fertilized oocytes, day-3 embryos and top-quality day-3 embryos, clinical pregnancy rates and live birth rates were similar between the two groups except for significantly high progesterone levels in the LPOS group. The mRNA expression levels of CXCL1 (0.51 vs 1.00, p < 0.001) and PTGES (0.30 vs 1.00, p < 0.01) were significantly lower in the LPOS group than in the FPOS group. The LPOS group had significantly lower mRNA expression of NDUFB7 (0.12 vs 1.00, p < 0.001) and NDUFA4L2 (0.33 vs 1.00, p < 0.01) than the FPOS group. DAPK3 (3.81 vs 1.00, p < 0.05) and BCL6B (2.59 vs 1.00, p < 0.01) mRNA expression was significantly higher in the LPOS group than in the FPOS group. Increased expression of PCK1 (3.13 vs. 1.00, p < 0.001) and decreased expression of LDHC (0.12 vs. 1.00, p < 0.001) were observed in the LPOS group compared to the FPOS group. Conclusions: Our data revealed different CC genes expression involving in inflammation, oxidative phosphorylation, apoptosis and metabolism between LPOS and FPOS in PORs. However, the results are non-conclusive; further large-scale randomized controlled trials are needed to validate the results.

3.
Theranostics ; 11(7): 3131-3149, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537078

RESUMO

Rationale: Cardiovascular diseases, such as myocardial infarction (MI), are the leading causes of death worldwide. Reperfusion therapy is the common standard treatment for MI. However, myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) causes cardiomyocyte injury, including apoptosis and fibrosis. We aimed to investigate the effects of conditioned medium from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC-CM) on apoptosis and fibrosis in I/R-treated hearts and hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-treated cardiomyocytes and the underlying mechanisms. Methods: ADSC-CM was collected from ADSCs. The effects of intramuscular injection of ADSC-CM on cardiac function, cardiac apoptosis, and fibrosis examined by echocardiography, Evans blue/TTC staining, TUNEL assay, and Masson's trichrome staining in I/R-treated mice. We also examined the effects of ADSC-CM on apoptosis and fibrosis in H/R-treated H9c2 cells by annexin V/PI flow cytometry, TUNEL assay, and immunocytochemistry. Results: ADSC-CM treatment significantly reduced heart damage and fibrosis of I/R-treated mice and H/R-treated cardiomyocytes. In addition, the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, such as p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA), p-p53 and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2), as well as the fibrosis-related proteins ETS-1, fibronectin and collagen 3, were significantly reduced by ADSC-CM treatment. Moreover, we demonstrated that ADSC-CM contains a large amount of miR-221/222, which can target and regulate PUMA or ETS-1 protein levels. Furthermore, the knockdown of PUMA and ETS-1 decreased the induction of apoptosis and fibrosis, respectively. MiR-221/222 overexpression achieved similar results. We also observed that cardiac I/R markedly increased apoptosis and fibrosis in miR-221/222 knockout (KO) mice, while ADSC-CM decreased these effects. The increased phosphorylation of p38 and NF-κB not only mediated myocardial apoptosis through the PUMA/p53/BCL2 pathway but also regulated fibrosis through the ETS-1/fibronectin/collagen 3 pathway. Conclusions: Overall, our results show that ADSC-CM attenuates cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis by reducing PUMA and ETS-1 expression, respectively. The protective effect is mediated via the miR-221/222/p38/NF-κB pathway.

4.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479923

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore associations between brain activity in the auditory cortex and clinical and psychiatric characteristics in patients with migraine without aura (MwoA) during interictal periods. Resting-state data were acquired from patients with episodic MwoA (n = 34) and healthy controls (n = 30). Independent component analysis was used to extract and calculate the resting-state auditory network. Subsequently, we analyzed the correlations between spontaneous activity in the auditory cortex and clinical and psychiatric features in interictal MwoA. Compared with healthy controls, patients with MwoA showed increased activity in the left superior temporal gyrus (STG), postcentral gyrus (PoCG) and insula. Brain activity in the left STG was positively correlated with anxiety scores, and activity in the left PoCG was negatively correlated with anxiety and depression scores. No significant differences were found in intracranial volume between the two groups. This study indicated that functional impairment and altered integration linked to the auditory cortex existed in patients with MwoA in the interictal period, suggesting that auditory-associated cortex disruption as a biomarker may be implemented for the early diagnosis and prediction of neuropsychiatric impairment in interictal MwoA patients.

5.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928463, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33424019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) manifestations of new-onset rib fractures and determine the utility of MRI through a comparative study of MRI and computed tomography (CT). MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-one patients with mild chest trauma who sought medical care from February 2019 to June 2020 were included in this study. The patients were subjected to CT and MRI scanning within 2 weeks after the trauma, and CT rescanning was scheduled 4-8 weeks later to classify rib fractures and determine the diagnostic accuracy of MRI and CT for new-onset rib fractures. RESULTS Seventy-seven rib fractures were confirmed by CT rescanning, of which 72 (93.51%) were type I fractures and 5 (6.49%) were type II. MRI identified 76 fractures, of which 3 were false positive, with the diagnostic accuracy rate of 91.25% and sensitivity rate of 94.81%. Among them, type I fractures (n=71, 3 were false positive) showed the MRI "sandwich" sign (heterogeneous high-signal shadow within bone marrow of the inner layer, low-signal bony cortex of the middle layer, and high-signal subperiosteal effusion of the outer layer) in T2-weighted fat-suppressed sequences; type II fractures (n=5) displayed intramedullary high-signal intensities and no subperiosteal effusion. Forty-four fractures (all type I) were discovered in the initial CT examination, and the corresponding diagnostic accuracy rate and sensitivity rate were 57.14%, which were lower than that of MRI. CONCLUSIONS MRI is highly sensitive for new-onset rib fractures, especially type I, so it is a preferred method for patients with mild chest trauma.

6.
Am J Audiol ; : 1-15, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465315

RESUMO

Purpose Tinnitus and hyperacusis are debilitating conditions often associated with age-, noise-, and drug-induced hearing loss. Because of their subjective nature, the neural mechanisms that give rise to tinnitus and hyperacusis are poorly understood. Over the past few decades, considerable progress has been made in deciphering the biological bases for these disorders using animal models. Method Important advances in understanding the biological bases of tinnitus and hyperacusis have come from studies in which tinnitus and hyperacusis are consistently induced with a high dose of salicylate, the active ingredient in aspirin. Results Salicylate induced a transient hearing loss characterized by a reduction in otoacoustic emissions, a moderate cochlear threshold shift, and a large reduction in the neural output of the cochlea. As the weak cochlear neural signals were relayed up the auditory pathway, they were progressively amplified so that the suprathreshold neural responses in the auditory cortex were much larger than normal. Excessive central gain (neural amplification), presumably resulting from diminished inhibition, is believed to contribute to hyperacusis and tinnitus. Salicylate also increased corticosterone stress hormone levels. Functional imaging studies indicated that salicylate increased spontaneous activity and enhanced functional connectivity between structures in the central auditory pathway and regions of the brain associated with arousal (reticular formation), emotion (amygdala), memory/spatial navigation (hippocampus), motor planning (cerebellum), and motor control (caudate/putamen). Conclusion These results suggest that tinnitus and hyperacusis arise from aberrant neural signaling in a complex neural network that includes both auditory and nonauditory structures.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24262, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429834

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The study aimed to explore the cortical thickness and gyrification abnormalities in acute brainstem ischemic patients in both the ipsilateral and contralateral hemisphere compared with healthy controls. Structural magnetic resonance imaging data were prospectively acquired in 48 acute brainstem ischemic patients, 21 patients with left lesion and 27 with right lesion, respectively. Thirty healthy controls were recruited. Cortical morphometry based on surface-based data analysis driven by CAT12 toolbox implemented in SPM12 was used to compare changes in cortical thickness and gyrification. Significant decreases of cortical thickness loss were found in bilateral cerebral hemispheres of the brainstem ischemic patients compared to the healthy controls (P < .05, family-wise error (FWE)-corrected). We also found significant gyrification decreases in the insula, transverse temporal, supramarginal of the ipsilateral on hemisphere in the right brainstem ischemic patients compared to the healthy controls (P < .05, FWE-corrected). Brainstem ischemic patients have widely morphological changes in the early phase and may be helpful in designing individualized rehabilitative strategies for these patients.


Assuntos
Tronco Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , /diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Nutrients ; 12(12)2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302352

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is defined as aging-related loss of muscle mass and function. Telomere length in chromosomes shortens with age and is modulated by telomeric repeat-containing RNA (TERRA). This study aimed to explore the impact of aging and sarcopenia on telomere length and TERRA expression, and changes following strengthening exercise and nutrition intervention (supplement of branched-chain amino acids, calcium and vitamin D3) for 12 weeks in the sarcopenic population. Older adults (≥65 years old) were divided into non-sarcopenic controls (n = 36) and sarcopenic individuals (n = 36) after measurement of grip strength and body composition. The relative telomere length of leukocytes in all research participants was evaluated using the T/S ratio (telomere/single copy gene), and relative TERRA expression of leukocytes was determined by reverse-transcription qPCR (RT-qPCR). Generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to analyze the influence of sarcopenia and intervention on the outcomes. There was no significant difference in telomere length between control subjects and participants with sarcopenia. TERRA expression was lower in sarcopenic participants compared to that in non-sarcopenic controls (5.18 ± 2.98 vs. 2.51 ± 1.89; p < 0.001). In the sarcopenic group, intervention significantly increased TERRA expression, but not telomere length. The GEE analysis demonstrated that TERRA expression was negatively associated with sarcopenia (ß coefficient = -2.705, p < 0.001) but positively associated with intervention (ß coefficient = 1.599, p = 0.023). Sarcopenia is associated with a decrease in TERRA expression in leukocytes. Rebound TERRA expression (returning to the level similar to the non-sarcopenic controls) was observed in the sarcopenic group after exercise and nutrition intervention. Future studies are warranted to examine the potential of TERRA as a biomarker for sarcopenia and its subsequent responses to intervention.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23490, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327283

RESUMO

This study aimed to quantitatively assess the consistency and correlation between perfusion weighted imaging (PWI)/ diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) mismatch and PWI/DWI mismatch.Sixty-eight acute ischemic stroke with middle cerebral artery occlusion who underwent magnetic resonance imaging before thrombectomy were eligible. DWI volume, PWI volume and PWI-DWI mismatch were measured. DWI-, PWI-, PWI-DWI ASPECTS were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the correlation between volume and ASPECTS of DWI-, PWI- and PWI-DWI mismatch. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to assess the predictive value of the PWI-DWI ASPECTS mismatch for the occurrence of PWI-DWI mismatch in acute ischemic stroke patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion.Of 68 patients, the DWI volume, PWI volume and PWI-DWI mismatch volume were (27.76 ±â€Š17.53) mL, (167.09 ±â€Š59.64) mL and (139.33 ±â€Š58.18) mL respectively. DWI-ASPECTS was 6.75 ±â€Š1.90 with the interobserver agreement was κ=0.98 (95% CI, 0.95-0.99); PWI-ASPECTS was 3.09 ±â€Š2.11 with the interobserver agreement was κ=0.95 (95% CI, 0.91-0.99); PWI-DWI ASPECTS mismatch was 6.75 ±â€Š1.90. Spearman's rank correlation analysis revealed that PWI-DWI mismatch volume was negatively correlated with PWI-DWI ASPECTS mismatch (r = -0.802; P = .000). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that when the PWI-DWI ASPECTS mismatch cut point was ≥ 2, the under curve of PWI-DWI ASPECTS mismatch for predicting PWI-DWI mismatch was 0.954 (95%CI, 0.911-0.998), with the sensitivity and specificity were 84.00% and 100% respectively.PWI-DWI ASPECTS mismatch may represent a convenient surrogate for penumbra in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alberta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Perfusão , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244620, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Real-world clinical data on psoriasis patients receiving different biological agents is needed, especially in Asian populations. OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to compare and analyze the efficacy and safety profile of four biological agents (etanercept, adalimumab, ustekinumab and secukinumab) in a real-world setting in Taiwan. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) ≥ 10) who received etanercept, adalimumab, ustekinumab or secukinumab between January 2011 and December 2018 in a tertiary hospital in Taiwan. RESULTS: A total of 119 treatment episodes in 75 patients were included in this study. Ustekinumab was used in 49 treatment episodes, followed by secukinumab in 46 treatment episodes, adalimumab in 14 treatment episodes and etanercept in 10 treatment episodes. The proportion of the biologic-naïve was highest in etanercept (100%) and lowest in secukinumab (23.9%). The PASI-75, -90 and -100 were the highest in secukinumab (91.3%, 82.6%, 41.3%, respectively), followed by ustekinumab (79.6%, 44.9%, 16.3%), adalimumab (64.3%, 28.6%, 7.1%) and etanercept (50.0%, 30.0%, 0%). The rate of adverse events that required treatment was highest for secukinumab (15.2%), followed by adalimumab (14.3%), ustekinumab (8.2%), and etanercept (0%), including 4 cases of infections, 2 cases of cardiovascular diseases and 4 cases of cancers. CONCLUSIONS: This real world data showed differential efficacy and safety of the four biological agents.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Etanercepte/administração & dosagem , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Ustekinumab/administração & dosagem , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Fatores Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Fatores Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Etanercepte/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taiwan , Resultado do Tratamento , Ustekinumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Br J Anaesth ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Desflurane and sevoflurane are commonly used during inhalational anaesthesia, but few studies have investigated their effects on deep cerebral neuronal activity. In addition, the association between subthalamic nucleus (STN) neurophysiology and general anaesthesia induced by volatile anaesthetics are not yet identified. This study aimed to identify differences in neurophysiological characteristics of the STN during comparable minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) desflurane and sevoflurane anaesthesia for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Twelve patients with similar Parkinson's disease severity received desflurane (n=6) or sevoflurane (n=6) during DBS surgery. We obtained STN spike firing using microelectrode recording at 0.5-0.6 MAC and compared firing rate, power spectral density, and coherence. RESULTS: Neuronal firing rate was lower with desflurane (47.4 [26.7] Hz) than with sevoflurane (63.9 [36.5] Hz) anaesthesia (P<0.001). Sevoflurane entrained greater gamma oscillation power than desflurane (62.9% [0.9%] vs 57.0% [1.5%], respectively; P=0.002). There was greater coherence in the theta band of the desflurane group compared with the sevoflurane group (13% vs 6%, respectively). Anaesthetic choice did not differentially influence STN mapping accuracy or the clinical outcome of DBS electrode implantation. CONCLUSIONS: Desflurane and sevoflurane produced distinct neurophysiological profiles in humans that may be associated with their analgesic and hypnotic actions.

13.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 857, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041748

RESUMO

Introduction: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a frequent non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Caudate and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) are biomarkers linked to CI in PD. There is little known about whether ApoE affects caudate in mild CI of PD (PD-MCI). We investigated the possible interactive effect of ApoE genotypes on caudate functional connectivity (FC) in PD-MCI. Methods: A total of 95 PD-MCI patients and 99 matched healthy controls underwent extensive neuropsychological assessment and magnetic resonance imaging. The two groups were separated into three subgroups according to their genotyping. Functional data were analyzed with FC analysis. Results: Decreased FC between the caudate and the bilateral inferior orbit frontal gyrus and bilateral middle occipital gyrus (MOG) was found between groups, along with poor performance in general, executive, episodic memory, language, and visual-spatial function. Decreased FC between the caudate and right MOG, right middle temporal gyrus, and right superior occipital gyrus was found as an interaction effect. The FC values of ε4 carriers with PD-MCI were much lower than the other carriers, and FC was positively correlated with the impairment of global and language function. Conclusion: These results support the idea that altered FC between the bilateral caudate and posterior cortical regions was interactively influenced by ApoE genotype and PD-MCI status, and the ε4 subtype associated with underlying pathology of global cognitive decline and semantic fluency impairment in an interactive manner. Gene-based imaging approaches might strengthen the credibility in imaging genetic associations, which might provide new powerful insights into the neural mechanisms underlying PD-MCI.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(20)2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050320

RESUMO

A novel interactive system for calligraphy called mind calligraphy that reflects the writer's emotions in real time by affective computing and visualization techniques is proposed. Differently from traditional calligraphy, which emphasizes artistic expression, the system is designed to visualize the writer's mental-state changes during writing using audio-visual tools. The writer's mental state is measured with a brain wave machine to yield attention and meditation signals, which are classified next into the four types of emotion, namely, focusing, relaxation, calmness, and anxiety. These emotion types then are represented both by animations and color palettes for by-standing observers to appreciate. Based on conclusions drawn from data collected from on-site observations, surveys via Likert-scale questionnaires, and semi-structured interviews, the proposed system was improved gradually. The participating writers' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral engagements in the system were recorded and analyzed to obtain the following findings: (1) the interactions with the system raise the writer's interest in calligraphy; (2) the proposed system reveals the writer's emotions during the writing process in real time via animations of mixtures of fish swimming and sounds of raindrops, insects, and thunder; (3) the dynamic visualization of the writer's emotion through animations and color-palette displays makes the writer understand better the connection of calligraphy and personal emotions; (4) the real-time audio-visual feedback increases the writer's willingness to continue in calligraphy; and (5) the engagement of the writer in the system with interactions of diversified forms provides the writer with a new experience of calligraphy.

15.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017507

RESUMO

Persisting asymmetry of motor symptoms are characteristic of Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated the possible lateralized effects on regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), CBF-connectivity, and laterality index (LI) among PD subtypes using arterial spin labeling (ASL). Forty-four left-sided symptom dominance patients (PDL), forty-eight right-sided symptom dominance patients (PDR), and forty-five matched HCs were included. Group comparisons were performed for the regional normalized CBF, CBF-connectivity and LI of basal ganglia (BA) subregions. The PDL patients had lower CBF in right calcarine sulcus and right supramarginal gyrus compared to the PDR and the HC subjects. Regional perfusion alterations seemed more extensive in the PDL than in the PDR group. In the PDL, correlations were identified between right thalamus and motor severity, between right fusiform gyrus and global cognitive performance. None of correlations survived after multiple comparisons correction. The significantly altered CBF-connectivity among the three groups included: unilateral putamen, unilateral globus pallidus, and right thalamus. LI score in the putamen was significantly different among groups. Motor-symptom laterality in PD may exhibit asymmetric regional and interregional abnormalities of CBF properties, particularly in PDL patients. This preliminary study underlines the necessity of classifying PD subgroups based on asymmetric motor symptoms and the potential application of CBF properties underlying neuropathology in PD.

16.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979169

RESUMO

To investigate resting-state connectivity and further understand directional aspects of implicit alterations in presbycusis patients, we used degree centrality (DC) and Granger causality analysis (GCA) to detect functional hubs of the whole-brain network and then analyze directional connectivity. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans were performed on 40 presbycusis patients and 40 healthy controls matched for age, gender, and education. We used DC analysis and GCA to characterize abnormal brain networks in presbycusis patients. The associations of network centrality and directed functional connectivity (FC) with clinical measures of presbycusis were also examined according to the above results. We found that the network centrality of left frontal middle gyrus (MFG) was significantly lower than that of healthy control group. Unidirectionally, the left MFG revealed increased directional connectivity to the left superior frontal gyrus (SFG), while the left MFG exhibited decreased directional connectivity to the left middle temporal gyrus (MTG) and right lingual gyrus (LinG). And the decreased directional connectivity was found from the left precentral gyrus (PrCG) to the left MFG. In addition, the Trail-Making Test B (TMT-B) score was negatively correlated with the decreased DC of the left MFG (r = -0.359, p = 0.032). Resting-state fMRI provides a novel method for identifying aberrant brain network architecture. These results primarily indicate altered functional hubs and abnormal frontal lobe connectivity patterns that may further reflect executive dysfunction in patients with presbycusis.

17.
J Headache Pain ; 21(1): 111, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (Rs-fMRI) has confirmed sensorimotor network (SMN) dysfunction in migraine without aura (MwoA). However, the underlying mechanisms of SMN effective functional connectivity in MwoA remain unclear. We aimed to explore the association between clinical characteristics and effective functional connectivity in SMN, in interictal patients who have MwoA. METHODS: We used Rs-fMRI to acquire imaging data in 40 episodic patients with MwoA in the interictal phase and 34 healthy controls (HCs). Independent component analysis was used to profile the distribution of SMN and calculate the different SMN activity between the two groups. Subsequently, Granger causality analysis was used to analyze the effective functional connectivity between the SMN and other brain regions. RESULTS: Compared to the HCs, MwoA patients showed higher activity in the bilateral postcentral gyri (PoCG), but lower activity in the left midcingulate cortex (MCC). Moreover, MwoA patients showed decreased effective functional connectivity from the SMN to left middle temporal gyrus, right putamen, left insula and bilateral precuneus, but increased effective functional connectivity to the right paracentral lobule. There was also significant effective functional connectivity from the primary visual cortex, right cuneus and right putamen to the SMN. In the interictal period, there was positive correlation between the activity of the right PoCG and the frequency of headache. The disease duration was positively correlated with abnormal effective functional connectivity from the left PoCG to right precuneus. In addition, the headache impact scores were negatively correlated with abnormal effective functional connectivity from the left MCC to right paracentral lobule, as well as from the right precuneus to left PoCG. CONCLUSIONS: These differential, resting-state functional activities of the SMN in episodic MwoA may contribute to the understanding of migraine-related intra- and internetwork imbalances associated with nociceptive regulation and chronification.

18.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 22: 126-131, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889248

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the association of preeclampsia with serum estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) levels on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). METHODS: This was a hospital-based cohort study using clinical data from the Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Obstetric and Neonatal Database (KCGMHOND) from Jan 1, 2001 to December 1, 2018. RESULTS: A total of 622 women who had live births after fresh IVF/ICSI-ET during the study period met our inclusion criteria. Twenty-eight women (4.5%) met the diagnostic criteria for preeclampsia. However, women in the preeclampsia group had a significantly higher body weight at delivery (80.5 vs. 70.0 kg, p < 0.001) and gestational weight gain (19.6 vs. 13.0 kg, p = 0.002) and had lower use of ICSI (10.7% vs. 29.9%, p = 0.021). We performed logistic regression analysis of the relationship of patient and treatment characteristics with preeclampsia. The crude ORs indicated that young female age ≤ 34, not using ICSI, E2 on hCG day < 1200 pg/mL and gestational weight gain > 20 kg were associated with preeclampsia. After adjustment for confounding, the only factors that remained significant were E2 on hCG day < 1200 pg/mL (aOR = 4.634, 95% CI = 1.061-20.222), and gestational weight gain > 20 kg (aOR: 13.601, 95% CI: 3.784, 48.880). CONCLUSIONS: For women receiving IVF/ICSI, lower estradiol hormone levels on the day of hCG administration and higher pregnancy weight gain are related with subsequent preeclampsia.

19.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 12: 246, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903748

RESUMO

Purpose: Individuals with presbycusis often show deficits in cognitive function, however, the exact neurophysiological mechanisms are not well understood. This study explored the alterations in intra- and inter-network functional connectivity (FC) of multiple networks in presbycusis patients, and further correlated FC with cognitive assessment scores to assess their ability to predict cognitive impairment. Methods: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) was performed in 40 presbycusis patients and 40 matched controls, and 12 resting-state networks (RSNs) were identified by independent component analysis (ICA) approach. A two-sample t-test was carried out to detect the intra-network FC differences, and functional network connectivity (FNC) was calculated to compare the inter-network FC differences. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis was subsequently used to explore the correlation between altered FC and cognitive assessment scores. Results: Our study demonstrated that patients with presbycusis showed significantly decreased FC in the subcortical limbic network (scLN), default mode network (DMN), executive control network (ECN), and attention network (AN) compared with the control group. Moreover, the connectivity for scLN-AUN (auditory network) and VN (visual network)-DMN were found significantly increased while AN-DMN was found significantly decreased in presbycusis patients. Ultimately, this study revealed the intra- and inter-network alterations associated with some cognitive assessment scores. Conclusion: This study observed intra- and inter-network FC alterations in presbycusis patients, and investigated that presbycusis can lead to abnormal connectivity of RSNs and plasticity compensation mechanism, which may be the basis of cognitive impairment, suggesting that FNC can be used to predict potential cognitive impairment in their early stage.

20.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(5): 740-743, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aortic dissection is a rare but lethal disease. We demonstrate a rare case of acute complicated Stanford type A aortic dissection in the third trimester. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old primiparous patient with chronic hypertension was brought to our emergency department at 34 weeks of gestation. She presented with acute tearing chest pain radiating to her back. Computed tomography revealed a Stanford type A aortic dissection. Primary cesarean section followed by open cardiovascular surgery was performed. However, ischemic bowels and bowel perforation occurred on the 9th and 11th postoperative days, respectively, and the patient died of septic shock on the 12th postoperative day. CONCLUSION: Aortic dissection must be taken into consideration for pregnant women with chronic hypertension who present with acute tearing chest pain and pulseless unilateral extremities. Bowel ischemia may occur in patients with complicated Stanford type A aortic dissection.

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