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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(12): 1317-20, 2021 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area on residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuver in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). METHODS: Sixty-six patients with residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuver for BPPV were randomly divided into an observation group (34 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area, once every other day; three times were taken as a course of treatment, and two courses of treatment were given. The patients in the control group received no acupuncture and medication. The dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were observed before treatment and after 1 and 2 courses of treatment. RESULTS: Except for the emotional score of DHI in the control group after 1 course of treatment, the sub item scores and total scores of DHI and VAS scores in the two groups after treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). After 1 and 2 courses of treatment, the function scores, emotion scores, total scores of DHI and VAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Whether acupuncture or not, residual dizziness after repositioning maneuver for BPPV can be relieved within 2 weeks; horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area could improve dizziness symptoms and shorten the course of disease.


Assuntos
Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna , Tontura , Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna/terapia , Tontura/terapia , Humanos , Posicionamento do Paciente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares
2.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 169, 2021 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34922539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been indicated as potentially critical mediators in various types of tumor progression, generally acting as microRNA (miRNA) sponges to regulate downstream gene expression. However, the aberrant expression profile and dysfunction of circRNAs in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) need to be further investigated. This study mined key prognostic circRNAs and elucidates the potential role and molecular mechanism of circRNAs in regulating the proliferation and metastasis of ccRCC. METHODS: circCHST15 (hsa_circ_0020303) was identified by mining two circRNA microarrays from the Gene Expression Omnibus database and comparing matched tumor versus adjacent normal epithelial tissue pairs or matched primary versus metastatic tumor tissue pairs. These results were validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and agarose gel electrophoresis. We demonstrated the biological effect of circCHST15 in ccRCC both in vitro and in vivo. To test the interaction between circCHST15 and miRNAs, we conducted a number of experiments, including RNA pull down assay, dual-luciferase reporter assay and fluorescence in situ hybridization. RESULTS: The expression of circCHST15 was higher in ccRCC tissues compared to healthy adjacent kidney tissue and higher in RCC cell lines compared to normal kidney cell lines. The level of circCHST15 was positively correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics, and circCHST15 served as an independent prognostic indicator for overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with ccRCC after surgical resection. Our in vivo and in vitro data indicate that circCHST15 promotes the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccRCC cells. Mechanistically, we found that circCHST15 directly interacts with miR-125a-5p and acts as a microRNA sponge to regulate EIF4EBP1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: We found that sponging of miR-125a-5p to promote EIF4EBP1 expression is the underlying mechanism of hsa_circ_0020303-induced ccRCC progression. This prompts further investigation of circCHST15 as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for ccRCC.

3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 681, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794459

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a crucial prognosis predictor following several major operations. However, the association between NLR and the outcome after hip fracture surgery is unclear. In this meta-analysis, we investigated the correlation between NLR and postoperative mortality in geriatric patients following hip surgery. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar were searched for studies up to June 2021 reporting the correlation between NLR and postoperative mortality in elderly patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture. Data from studies reporting the mean of NLR and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were pooled. Both long-term (≥ 1 year) and short-term (≤ 30 days) mortality rates were included for analysis. RESULT: Eight retrospective studies comprising a total of 1563 patients were included. Both preoperative and postoperative NLRs (mean difference [MD]: 2.75, 95% CI: 0.23-5.27; P = 0.03 and MD: 2.36, 95% CI: 0.51-4.21; P = 0.01, respectively) were significantly higher in the long-term mortality group than in the long-term survival group. However, no significant differences in NLR were noted between the short-term mortality and survival groups (MD: - 1.02, 95% CI: - 3.98 to 1.93; P = 0.5). CONCLUSION: Higher preoperative and postoperative NLRs were correlated with a higher risk of long-term mortality following surgery for hip fracture in the geriatric population, suggesting the prognostic value of NLR for long-term survival. Further studies with well-controlled confounders are warranted to clarify the predictive value of NLR in clinical practice in geriatric patients with hip fracture.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(48)2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810257

RESUMO

Kinetochores, a protein complex assembled on centromeres, mediate chromosome segregation. In most eukaryotes, centromeres are epigenetically specified by the histone H3 variant CENP-A. CENP-T, an inner kinetochore protein, serves as a platform for the assembly of the outer kinetochore Ndc80 complex during mitosis. How CENP-T is regulated through the cell cycle remains unclear. Ccp1 (counteracter of CENP-A loading protein 1) associates with centromeres during interphase but delocalizes from centromeres during mitosis. Here, we demonstrated that Ccp1 directly interacts with CENP-T. CENP-T is important for the association of Ccp1 with centromeres, whereas CENP-T centromeric localization depends on Mis16, a homolog of human RbAp48/46. We identified a Ccp1-interaction motif (CIM) at the N terminus of CENP-T, which is adjacent to the Ndc80 receptor motif. The CIM domain is required for Ccp1 centromeric localization, and the CIM domain-deleted mutant phenocopies ccp1Δ. The CIM domain can be phosphorylated by CDK1 (cyclin-dependent kinase 1). Phosphorylation of CIM weakens its interaction with Ccp1. Consistent with this, Ccp1 dissociates from centromeres through all stages of the cell cycle in the phosphomimetic mutant of the CIM domain, whereas in the phospho-null mutant of the domain, Ccp1 associates with centromeres during mitosis. We further show that the phospho-null mutant disrupts the positioning of the Ndc80 complex during mitosis, resulting in chromosome missegregation. This work suggests that competitive exclusion between Ccp1 and Ndc80 at the N terminus of CENP-T via phosphorylation ensures precise kinetochore assembly during mitosis and uncovers a previously unrecognized mechanism underlying kinetochore assembly through the cell cycle.

5.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(10): 721-731, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688462

RESUMO

Chitooligosaccharide-zinc (COS·Zn) is a powerful anti-oxidant and anti-aging scavenger, whose anti-oxidative ability immensely exceeds vitamin C. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the protective effects of COS·Zn against premature ovarian failure (POF) and potential mechanisms. Female KM adult mice were divided into the following groups: a treatment group (150 mg·kg-1·d-1 COS·Zn), a treatment group (300 mg·kg-1·d-1 COS·Zn), a prevention group, two control groups and two CY/BUS groups. COS·Zn (150, 300 mg·kg-1·d-1) and COS·Zn (300 mg·kg-1·d-1) were therapeutically and preventatively administered to POF mice in the treatment and prevention studies, respectively. All the groups were administered for 21 days. Fewer primary and secondary follicles were observed in the COS·Zn-treated groups (including the treatment and prevention groups) than those of the control groups. Meanwhile, the ovarian index and the levels of FSH and LH notably increased in the treatment and prevention groups compared with those in the CY/BUS group. The levels of MVH, OCT4 and PCNA in the treatment group (300·kg-1·d-1 COS·Zn) and MVH in the prevention group remarkably increased compared with those in the CY/BUS groups. Meanwhile, the levels of P53 and P16 protein were down-regulated in the treatment and prevention groups compared with those in the CY/BUS groups. Additionally, the amounts of Sestrin2 (SESN2) and SOD2 protein were obviously higher in the treatment group (150 mg·kg-1·d-1 COS·Zn) than those in the CY/BUS groups. Similarly, the amounts of NRF2 and SESN2 protein were up-regulated in the prevention group. Besides, an increased GSH level was observed in the two treatment groups, compared with that in the CY/BUS groups, and the same trend was also present in the prevention group. Taken together, COS·Zn improves the ovarian and follicular development through regulating the SESN2/NRF2 signaling pathway. These results suggest the role of COS·Zn as a novel agent for the treatment and prevention of POF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Ovariana Primária , Animais , Quitosana , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Proteínas Nucleares , Oligossacarídeos , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Zinco
6.
Brief Bioinform ; 22(6)2021 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237133

RESUMO

Increasing evidences show the clinical significance of the interaction between hypoxia and immune in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) microenvironment. However, reliable prognostic signatures based on a combination of hypoxia and immune have not been well established. Moreover, many studies have only used RNA-seq profiles to screen the prognosis feature of ccRCC. Presently, there is no comprehensive analysis of multiomics data to mine a better one. Thus, we try and get it. First, t-SNE and ssGSEA analysis were used to establish tumor subtypes related to hypoxia-immune, and we investigated the hypoxia-immune-related differences in three types of genetic or epigenetic characteristics (gene expression profiles, somatic mutation, and DNA methylation) by analyzing the multiomics data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) portal. Additionally, a four-step strategy based on lasso regression and Cox regression was used to construct a satisfying prognostic model, with average 1-year, 3-year and 5-year areas under the curve (AUCs) equal to 0.806, 0.776 and 0.837. Comparing it with other nine known prognostic biomarkers and clinical prognostic scoring algorithms, the multiomics-based signature performs better. Then, we verified the gene expression differences in two external databases (ICGC and SYSU cohorts). Next, eight hub genes were singled out and seven hub genes were validated as prognostic genes in SYSU cohort. Furthermore, it was indicated high-risk patients have a better response for immunotherapy in immunophenoscore (IPS) analysis and TIDE algorithm. Meanwhile, estimated by GDSC and cMAP database, the high-risk patients showed sensitive responses to six chemotherapy drugs and six candidate small-molecule drugs. In summary, the signature can accurately predict the prognosis of ccRCC and may shed light on the development of novel hypoxia-immune biomarkers and target therapy of ccRCC.

7.
Cell ; 184(13): 3528-3541.e12, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984278

RESUMO

Nucleotide-binding, leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs) are major immune receptors in plants and animals. Upon activation, the Arabidopsis NLR protein ZAR1 forms a pentameric resistosome in vitro and triggers immune responses and cell death in plants. In this study, we employed single-molecule imaging to show that the activated ZAR1 protein can form pentameric complexes in the plasma membrane. The ZAR1 resistosome displayed ion channel activity in Xenopus oocytes in a manner dependent on a conserved acidic residue Glu11 situated in the channel pore. Pre-assembled ZAR1 resistosome was readily incorporated into planar lipid-bilayers and displayed calcium-permeable cation-selective channel activity. Furthermore, we show that activation of ZAR1 in the plant cell led to Glu11-dependent Ca2+ influx, perturbation of subcellular structures, production of reactive oxygen species, and cell death. The results thus support that the ZAR1 resistosome acts as a calcium-permeable cation channel to trigger immunity and cell death.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(18)2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926963

RESUMO

Stomata in leaves regulate gas exchange between the plant and its atmosphere. Various environmental stimuli elicit abscisic acid (ABA); ABA leads to phosphoactivation of slow anion channel 1 (SLAC1); SLAC1 activity reduces turgor pressure in aperture-defining guard cells; and stomatal closure ensues. We used electrophysiology for functional characterizations of Arabidopsis thaliana SLAC1 (AtSLAC1) and cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) for structural analysis of Brachypodium distachyon SLAC1 (BdSLAC1), at 2.97-Å resolution. We identified 14 phosphorylation sites in AtSLAC1 and showed nearly 330-fold channel-activity enhancement with 4 to 6 of these phosphorylated. Seven SLAC1-conserved arginines are poised in BdSLAC1 for regulatory interaction with the N-terminal extension. This BdSLAC1 structure has its pores closed, in a basal state, spring loaded by phenylalanyl residues in high-energy conformations. SLAC1 phosphorylation fine-tunes an equilibrium between basal and activated SLAC1 trimers, thereby controlling the degree of stomatal opening.

9.
Genetics ; 218(1)2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693625

RESUMO

Heterochromatin, a transcriptionally silenced chromatin domain, is important for genome stability and gene expression. Histone 3 lysine 9 methylation (H3K9me) and histone hypoacetylation are conserved epigenetic hallmarks of heterochromatin. In fission yeast, RNA interference (RNAi) plays a key role in H3K9 methylation and heterochromatin silencing. However, how RNAi machinery and histone deacetylases (HDACs) are coordinated to ensure proper heterochromatin assembly is still unclear. Previously, we showed that Dpb4, a conserved DNA polymerase epsilon subunit, plays a key role in the recruitment of HDACs to heterochromatin during S phase. Here, we identified a novel RNA-binding protein Dri1 that interacts with Dpb4. GFP-tagged Dri1 forms distinct foci mostly in the nucleus, showing a high degree of colocalization with Swi6/Heterochromatin Protein 1. Deletion of dri1+ leads to defects in silencing, H3K9me, and heterochromatic siRNA generation. We also showed that Dri1 physically associates with heterochromatic transcripts, and is required for the recruitment of the RNA-induced transcriptional silencing (RITS) complex via interacting with the complex. Furthermore, loss of Dri1 decreases the association of the Sir2 HDAC with heterochromatin. We further demonstrated that the C-terminus of Dri1 that includes an intrinsically disordered (IDR) region and three zinc fingers is crucial for its role in silencing. Together, our evidences suggest that Dri1 facilitates heterochromatin assembly via the RNAi pathway and HDAC.

10.
Genomics ; 113(2): 740-754, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516849

RESUMO

Clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) carries a variable prognosis. Prognostic biomarkers can stratify patients according to risk, and can provide crucial information for clinical decision-making. We screened for an autophagy-related long non-coding lncRNA (lncRNA) signature to improve postoperative risk stratification in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. We confirmed this model in ICGC and SYSU cohorts as a significant and independent prognostic signature. Western blotting, autophagic-flux assay and transmission electron microscopy were used to verify that regulation of expression of 8 lncRNAs related to autophagy affected changes in autophagic flow in vitro. Our data suggest that 8-lncRNA signature related to autophagy is a promising prognostic tool in predicting the survival of patients with ccRCC. Combination of this signature with clinical and pathologic parameters could aid accurate risk assessment to guide clinical management, and this 8-lncRNAs signature related to autophagy may serve as a therapeutic target.

11.
J Prosthet Dent ; 126(6): 742-748, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139056

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The immediate loading protocol for 2-implant mandibular overdentures has been widely reported. Nevertheless, the clinical effects reported in different articles are quite different. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to compare the clinical effects of immediate and delayed loading of 2-implant mandibular overdentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The review followed the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, ScienceDirect, CBM, CNKI, and Wan Fang databases were searched electronically for RCTs published before March 25, 2020. Two authors independently conducted literature screening, quality assessment, and data extraction. The outcomes of interest were implant failure rate, marginal bone loss (MBL), implant stability quotient (ISQ), periotest value (PTV), and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: A total of 2498 unduplicated records were identified. After full-text analysis, 7 eligible RCTs were included. All studies were followed for at least 12 months, and the meta-analysis was based on this. The meta-analysis showed that the implant failure rate in the immediate group was higher than that in the delayed group, but there was no statistically significant difference (I2=0%; n=7; risk difference [RD]=0.03; 95% confidence interval [CI]=-0.01 to 0.08). The difference of MBL between immediate and delayed loading was not significant (I2=88%; n=6; mean difference [MD]=-0.04; 95% CI=-0.16 to 0.24). Because of the limited articles reporting on ISQ, PTV, and patient satisfaction, no quantitative analysis was conducted for these outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Although the implant failure rate was more likely to favor the delayed group, available evidence indicates no statistical difference in implant failure and marginal bone loss between immediate and delayed loading protocols.

12.
Mol Cell ; 79(5): 728-740.e6, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721385

RESUMO

Cytosine base editors (CBEs) generate C-to-T nucleotide substitutions in genomic target sites without inducing double-strand breaks. However, CBEs such as BE3 can cause genome-wide off-target changes via sgRNA-independent DNA deamination. By leveraging the orthogonal R-loops generated by SaCas9 nickase to mimic actively transcribed genomic loci that are more susceptible to cytidine deaminase, we set up a high-throughput assay for assessing sgRNA-independent off-target effects of CBEs in rice protoplasts. The reliability of this assay was confirmed by the whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of 10 base editors in regenerated rice plants. The R-loop assay was used to screen a series of rationally designed A3Bctd-BE3 variants for improved specificity. We obtained 2 efficient CBE variants, A3Bctd-VHM-BE3 and A3Bctd-KKR-BE3, and the WGS analysis revealed that these new CBEs eliminated sgRNA-independent DNA off-target edits in rice plants. Moreover, these 2 base editor variants were more precise at their target sites by producing fewer multiple C edits.


Assuntos
Citidina Desaminase/genética , Citosina , Edição de Genes/métodos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Oryza/genética , Citosina/química , Genes de Plantas , Humanos , Mutação , RNA Guia/química , RNA de Plantas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(3): 2272-2283, 2020 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233534

RESUMO

Injury of cervical spine is a common injury of locomotor system usually accompanied by spinal cord injury, however the injury mechanism of contusion load to the spinal cord is not clear. This study aims to investigate its injury mechanism associated with the contusion load, with different extents of spinal cord compression. A finite element model of cervical spinal cord was established and two scenarios of contusion injury loading conditions, i.e. back-to-front and front-to-back loads, were adopted. Four different compression displacements were applied to the middle section of the cervical spinal cord. The distributions of von Mises stress in middle transverse cross section were obtained from the finite element analysis. For the back-to-front loading scenario, the stress concentration was found in the area at and near the central canal and the damage may lead to the central canal syndrome from biomechanical point of view. With the front-to-back load, the maximum von Mises stress located in central canal area of gray matter when subject to 10% compression, whilst it appeared at the anterior horn when the compression increased. For the white matter, the maximum von Mises stress appeared in the area of the anterior funiculus. This leads to complicated symptoms given rise by damage to multiple locations in the cervical spinal cord. The illustrative results demonstrated the need of considering different loading scenarios in understanding the damage mechanisms of the cervical spinal cord, particularly when the loading conditions were given rise by different pathophysiological causes.


Assuntos
Medula Cervical , Contusões , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos
14.
Nat Biotechnol ; 38(7): 875-882, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932727

RESUMO

Targeted saturation mutagenesis of crop genes could be applied to produce genetic variants with improved agronomic performance. However, tools for directed evolution of plant genes, such as error-prone PCR or DNA shuffling, are limited1. We engineered five saturated targeted endogenous mutagenesis editors (STEMEs) that can generate de novo mutations and facilitate directed evolution of plant genes. In rice protoplasts, STEME-1 edited cytosine and adenine at the same target site with C > T efficiency up to 61.61% and simultaneous C > T and A > G efficiency up to 15.10%. STEME-NG, which incorporates the nickase Cas9-NG protospacer-adjacent motif variant, was used with 20 individual single guide RNAs in rice protoplasts to produce near-saturated mutagenesis (73.21%) for a 56-amino-acid portion of the rice acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (OsACC). We also applied STEME-1 and STEME-NG for directed evolution of the OsACC gene in rice and obtained herbicide resistance mutations. This set of two STEMEs will accelerate trait development and should work in any plants amenable to CRISPR-based editing.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Edição de Genes , Genoma de Planta/genética , Mutagênese/genética , Adenina/metabolismo , Citosina/metabolismo , Desoxirribonuclease I , Genes de Plantas/genética , Humanos , Mutação/genética , Oryza/genética , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , RNA Guia
15.
PeerJ ; 7: e7953, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681517

RESUMO

Late Pleistocene climate oscillations are believed to have greatly influenced the distribution, population dynamics, and genetic variation of many marine organisms in the western Pacific. However, the impact of the late Pleistocene climate cycles on the demographic history and population genetics of pelagic fish in the northern South China Sea (SCS) remains largely unexplored. In this study, we explored the demographic history, genetic structure, and genetic diversity of Decapterus maruadsi, a typical pelagic fish, over most of its range in the northern SCS. A 828-832 bp fragment of mitochondrial control region were sequenced in 241 individuals from 11 locations. High haplotype diversity (0.905-0.980) and low nucleotide diversity (0.00269-0.00849) was detected, revealing low levels of genetic diversity. Demographic history analysis revealed a pattern of decline and subsequent rapid growth in the effective population size during deglaciation, which showed that D. maruadsi experienced recent demographic expansion after a period of low effective population size. Genetic diversity, genetic structure, and phylogenetic relationship analysis all demonstrated that no significant genetic differentiation existed among the populations, indicating that D. maruadsi was panmictic throughout the northern SCS. Periodic sea-level changes, fluctuation of the East Asian Monsoon, and Kuroshio variability were responsible for the population decline and expansion of D. maruadsi. The demographic history was the primary reason for the low levels of genetic diversity and the lack of significant genetic structure. The life history characteristics and ocean currents also had a strong correlation with the genetic homogeneity of D. maruadsi. However, the genetic structure of the population (genetic homogeneity) is inconsistent with biological characteristics (significant difference), which is an important reminder to identify and manage the D. maruadsi population carefully.

16.
Org Lett ; 21(21): 8577-8581, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613107

RESUMO

The known benzonaphthyridine alkaloid, albogrisin A (1), and six new compounds, including two pyrazinone stereoisomers, albogrisin B (2)/B' (2'), together with four 4H-pyrroloquinolinones, two diastereoisomers, albogrisin C (3)/C' (3'), and their methyl esters, albogrisin D (4)/D' (4'), were isolated from mangrove-derived Streptomyces albogriseolus MGR072. 2 and 2' are converted into 1 in acidic aqueous solution but into 3/3' and 4/4' in 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid acetonitrile. 4 and 4' are new indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Naftiridinas/farmacologia , Streptomyces/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Naftiridinas/química , Estereoisomerismo
17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(10): 4238-4243, 2019 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770441

RESUMO

Trimeric intracellular cation (TRIC) channels are thought to provide counter-ion currents that facilitate the active release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. TRIC activity is controlled by voltage and Ca2+ modulation, but underlying mechanisms have remained unknown. Here we describe high-resolution crystal structures of vertebrate TRIC-A and TRIC-B channels, both in Ca2+-bound and Ca2+-free states, and we analyze conductance properties in structure-inspired mutagenesis experiments. The TRIC channels are symmetric trimers, wherein we find a pore in each protomer that is gated by a highly conserved lysine residue. In the resting state, Ca2+ binding at the luminal surface of TRIC-A, on its threefold axis, stabilizes lysine blockage of the pores. During active Ca2+ release, luminal Ca2+ depletion removes inhibition to permit the lysine-bearing and voltage-sensing helix to move in response to consequent membrane hyperpolarization. Diacylglycerol is found at interprotomer interfaces, suggesting a role in metabolic control.


Assuntos
Cálcio/metabolismo , Cátions/metabolismo , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos/química , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Animais , Sinalização do Cálcio/fisiologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares , Mutagênese , Conformação Proteica , Análise de Sequência de Proteína
18.
Food Res Int ; 116: 1289-1297, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30716918

RESUMO

Shuidouchi is a traditional Chinese fermented soybean product and its quality is largely affected by the microbes involved in the fermentation. In this study, eleven Shuidouchi samples were collected from southwest China and the microbial diversity and its correlations with chemical characteristics were investigated. Bacterial community was detected using 16S rRNA sequencing, along with bacterial and fungal viable plate counts. Biogenic amines and other chemical characteristics were determined by HPLC and corresponding chemical reaction methods. Among eleven Shuidouchi samples, 21 phyla and 356 genera were identified. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria were the predominant phyla while Bacillus, Bacteroides and Lactobacillus were the main genera. The average cell number of bacteria, lactic acid bacteria and fungi were 1.6 × 106, 5.9 × 104 and 7.6 × 103 CFU/g, respectively. HPLC results showed that the mean concentration of tryptamine, ß-phenylethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, spermidine and spermine were 23.11, 3.66, 12.21, 7.12, 8.13, 22.98, 24.72, and 39.00 mg/kg, respectively. The average content of other characteristics including amino acid nitrogen, titratable acidity, and reducing sugar were 2.08, 3.44, and 25.78 g/kg, respectively. Shuidouchi samples were slightly acidic or neutral. Fibrinolytic enzyme activity was detected only in one sample. Among top 52 identified genera, 9 genera showed positive correlations with the chemical characteristics of Shuidouchi while 15 genera were negatively associated. Our results indicated that Shuidouchi contained rich microbial resources and were edible safety based on the tested indexes. The associations identified between microbes and chemical characteristics could be further utilized in the food fermentation industry.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , /microbiologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Soja/química , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Aminas Biogênicas/análise , Cadaverina/análise , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Fermentação , Fungos/classificação , Fungos/genética , Histamina/análise , Fenetilaminas/análise , Putrescina/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Espermidina/análise , Espermina/análise , Triptaminas/análise , Tiramina/análise
19.
PLoS Genet ; 14(8): e1007572, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30089114

RESUMO

Centromere is a specialized chromatin domain that plays a vital role in chromosome segregation. In most eukaryotes, centromere is surrounded by the epigenetically distinct heterochromatin domain. Heterochromatin has been shown to contribute to centromere function, but the precise role of heterochromatin in centromere specification remains elusive. Centromeres in most eukaryotes, including fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe), are defined epigenetically by the histone H3 (H3) variant CENP-A. In contrast, the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has genetically-defined point centromeres. The transition between regional centromeres and point centromeres is considered as one of the most dramatic evolutionary events in centromere evolution. Here we demonstrated that Cse4, the budding yeast CENP-A homolog, can localize to centromeres in fission yeast and partially substitute fission yeast CENP-ACnp1. But overexpression of Cse4 results in its localization to heterochromatic regions. Cse4 is subject to efficient ubiquitin-dependent degradation in S. pombe, and its N-terminal domain dictates its centromere distribution via ubiquitination. Notably, without heterochromatin and RNA interference (RNAi), Cse4 fails to associate with centromeres. We showed that RNAi-dependent heterochromatin mediates centromeric localization of Cse4 by protecting Cse4 from ubiquitin-dependent degradation. Heterochromatin also contributes to the association of native CENP-ACnp1 with centromeres via the same mechanism. These findings suggest that protection of CENP-A from degradation by heterochromatin is a general mechanism used for centromere assembly, and also provide novel insights into centromere evolution.


Assuntos
Proteína Centromérica A/metabolismo , Centrômero/genética , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Heterocromatina/genética , Interferência de RNA , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Centrômero/metabolismo , Proteína Centromérica A/genética , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/genética , Segregação de Cromossomos , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Schizosaccharomyces/genética , Schizosaccharomyces/metabolismo , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/genética , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
20.
Trop Med Int Health ; 23(7): 704-713, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rotaviruses are the most common cause of severe diarrhoeal disease in young children. However, little is known about the epidemiological and clinical profile of rotavirus A (RVA) in diarrhoeal children or the efficacy of Lanzhou lamb rotavirus vaccine (LLR) in Chengdu, China. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical profile of RVA in diarrhoeal children and provide gene analysis information for RVA vaccination programmes. METHODS: A total of 1121 faecal samples were collected from outpatient children with diarrhoea between 2009 and 2014. RT-PCR was performed to detect RVA infection and other gastroenteritis viruses. VP4 and VP7 genes of 13 RVA strains were sequenced to compare their similarity with vaccine strains. RESULTS: The overall RVA infection rate was 17.48%. G1 (54.72%) and G3 (18.87%) were the predominant G genotypes; P[8] (72.36%) and P[4] (11.38%) were the main P genotypes. Sixteen genotypes were identified; G1P[8] (57.33%) and G9P[8] (12.00%) were the most prevalent. The proportion of coinfection with RVA and other gastroenteritis viruses was 18.88%. RVA was mostly detected in winter and in diarrhoeal children 1-2 years of age. The genotypes of Rotarix and RotaTeq vaccines were consistent with RVA strains prevalent in Sichuan and shared high identity. CONCLUSIONS: RVA was one of the major aetiological agents of diarrhoeal children in Chengdu. Genotype distribution differed within each year and the gene analysis implied low efficacy of LLR. Continuous epidemiological monitoring of RVA is essential for the national vaccination programme.


Assuntos
Diarreia Infantil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rotavirus/epidemiologia , Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Criança , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Diarreia Infantil/prevenção & controle , Diarreia Infantil/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Viral/análise , Rotavirus/genética , Rotavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Rotavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Rotavirus/virologia , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/administração & dosagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação
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