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1.
Genomics ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830526

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in a series of pathology of spinal cord injury (SCI). Although, locally expressed miRNAs have advantages in studying the pathological mechanism, they cannot be used as biomarkers. The "free circulation" miRNAs can be used as biomarkers, but they have low concentration and poor stability in body fluids. Exosomal miRNAs in body fluids have many advantages comparing with free miRNAs. Therefore, we hypothesized that the specific miRNAs in the central nervous system might be transported to the peripheral circulation and concentrated in exosomes after injury. Using next-generation sequencing, miRNA profiles in serum exosomes of sham and subactue SCI rats were analyzed. The results showed that SCI can lead to changes of serum exosomal miRNAs. These changed miRNAs and their associated signaling pathways may explain the pathological mechanism of suacute SCI. More importantly, we found some valuable serum exosomal miRNAs for diagnosis and prognosis of SCI.

2.
Foods ; 8(9)2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500248

RESUMO

Many delicious and nutritional macrofungi are widely distributed and used in East Asian regions, considered as edible and medicinal foods. In this study, 11 species of dried and fresh, edible and medicinal macrofungi, Ganoderma amboinense, Agaricus subrufescens, Dictyophora indusiata, Pleurotus sajor-caju, Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus geesteranu, Hericium erinaceus, Stropharia rugosoannulata, Pleurotus sapidus, Antrodia camphorata, and Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing, were investigated to determine the content of their nutritional components, including proteins, fat, carbohydrates, trace minerals, coarse cellulose, vitamins, and amino acids. The amino acid patterns and similarity of macrofungi were distinguished through principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analyses, respectively. A total of 103 metabolic small molecules of macrofungi were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and were aggregated by heatmap. Moreover, the macrofungi were classified by principal component analysis based on these metabolites. The results show that carbohydrates and proteins are two main components, as well as the nutritional ingredients, that differ among various species and varied between fresh and dried macrofungi. The amino acid patterns in L. edodes and A. subrufescens were different compared with that of the other tested mushrooms.

4.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 297, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), a well-known immunomodulator, has recently been found to be a promising and safe anti-proteinuric agent for treating IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of HCQ and corticosteroid treatment in patients with IgAN. METHODS: This is a case-control study. Ninety-two patients with IgAN who received HCQ in addition to routine renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi) therapy were included. Ninety-two matched historical controls who received corticosteroids were selected by propensity score matching. The clinical data over 6 months were compared. RESULTS: Baseline proteinuria levels were comparable between the HCQ and corticosteroid groups (1.7 [1.2, 2.3] vs. 1.8 [1.3, 2.5] g/d, p = 0.96). The percentage reduction in proteinuria at 6 months was smaller in the HCQ group than in the corticosteroid group (- 48.5% [- 62.6, - 31.4] vs. -62.9% [- 81.1, - 34.9], p = 0.006). The time averaged proteinuria within the 6 months of observation was comparable for the HCQ and corticosteroid groups (1.1 [0.8, 1.5] vs. 1.1 [0.5, 1.8] g/d, p = 0.48). The cumulative frequency of patients with a 50% reduction in proteinuria during the study was also comparable between the two groups (52.2% vs. 62.0%, p = 0.25). However, six of the 92 (6.5%) patients suffered from severe adverse events (SAEs) in the corticosteroid group, while no SAEs were observed in the HCQ group (6.5% vs. 0%, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The antiproteinuric effect of HCQ might be slightly inferior to that of corticosteroids over 6 months in patients with IgAN who were deemed to be candidates for HCQ and not corticosteroids treatment. However, HCQ treatment was safer than corticosteroid treatment.

5.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 74(1): 15-22, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922594

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Despite optimization of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibition, patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and persistent proteinuria remain at risk for kidney failure. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), an immunomodulator, when added to the treatment regimen of patients with IgAN. STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 2 clinical trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants had IgAN (proteinuria with protein excretion of 0.75-3.5g/d and estimated glomerular filtration rate>30mL/min/1.73m2) and were receiving optimized RAAS inhibitor therapy. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive daily oral HCQ or a placebo for 6 months. OUTCOMES: The primary outcome was percentage change in proteinuria between baseline and 6 months. RESULTS: 60 participants (mean estimated glomerular filtration rate, 53.8mL/min/1.73m2; median urine protein excretion, 1.7g/d) were recruited and randomly assigned to receive HCQ (n=30) or placebo (n=30). Percentage change in proteinuria at 6 months was significantly different between the HCQ group and the placebo group (-48.4% [IQR, -64.2%, -30.5%] vs 10.0% [IQR, -38.7%, 30.6%]; P<0.001, respectively). At 6 months, median proteinuria level was significantly lower in the HCQ group than in the placebo group (0.9 [IQR, 0.6, 1.0] g/d vs 1.9 [IQR, 0.9, 2.6] g/d; P=0.002, respectively). No serious adverse events were recorded during the study in either study group. LIMITATIONS: The short treatment period and lack of postwithdrawal observations limit conclusions about long-term renoprotective efficacy and safety. CONCLUSIONS: HCQ in addition to optimized RAAS inhibition significantly reduced proteinuria in patients with IgAN over 6 months without evidence of adverse events. These findings require confirmation in larger treatment trials. FUNDING: This study was supported by grants from a government entity, the Capital of Clinical Characteristics, and the Applied Research Fund. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov with study number NCT02942381.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(23): 2792-2799, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511681

RESUMO

Background: Hyperphosphatemia is a risk factor associated with mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Gut absorption of phosphate is the major source. Recent studies indicated that the intestinal flora of uremic patients changed a lot compared with the healthy population, and phosphorus is an essential element of bacterial survival and reproduction. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of intestinal microbiota in phosphorus metabolism. Methods: A prospective self-control study was performed from October 2015 to January 2016. Microbial DNA was isolated from the stools of 20 healthy controls and 21 maintenance hemodialysis patients. Fourteen out of the 21 patients were treated with lanthanum carbonate for 12 weeks. Thus, stools were also collected before and after the treatment. The bacterial composition was analyzed based on 16S ribosomal RNA pyrosequencing. Bioinformatics tools, including sequence alignment, abundance profiling, and taxonomic diversity, were used in microbiome data analyses. Correlations between genera and the serum phosphorus were detected with Pearson's correlation. For visualization of the internal interactions and further measurement of the microbial community, SparCC was used to calculate the Spearman correlation coefficient with the corresponding P value between each two genera. Results: Thirteen genera closely correlated with serum phosphorus and the correlation coefficient was above 0.4 (P < 0.05). We also found that 58 bacterial operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were significantly different and more decreased OTUs were identified and seven genera (P < 0.05) were obviously reduced after using the phosphate binder. Meanwhile, the microbial richness and diversity presented downward trend in hemodialysis patients compared with healthy controls and more downward trend after phosphorus reduction. The co-occurrence network of genera revealed that the network complexity of hemodialysis patients was significantly higher than that of controls, whereas treatment with lanthanum carbonate reduced the network complexity. Conclusions: Gut flora related to phosphorus metabolism in hemodialysis patients, and improving intestinal microbiota may regulate the absorption of phosphate in the intestine. The use of phosphate binder lanthanum carbonate leads to a tendency of decreasing microbial diversity and lower network complexity.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Fósforo/metabolismo , Diálise Renal , Criança , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lantânio/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Uremia/tratamento farmacológico , Uremia/metabolismo , Uremia/microbiologia
7.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(3): 1941-1950, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29707350

RESUMO

Background: Standard management has been recommended for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by several guidelines, but patient choice in the practical setting is unclear. Methods: A survey nested in two prospective cohort studies of OSA (enrollment: 2001-2010) in China. The last interview was conducted between July 2014 and May 2015, using a comprehensive 10-point questionnaire administered in a face-to-face or telephone interview, and assessed (I) whether the participant had received any OSA treatment; (II) why he or she had decided for or against treatment; (III) what treatment was received; (IV) whether the participant used continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or OA daily; and (V) the perceived efficacy of therapy. Results: A total of 4,097 subjects with a mean age of 45 years [37-55] responded to this survey, with a response rate of 79.4% (4,097/5,160); 2,779 subjects (67.8%) did not receive any treatment: 1,485 (53.4%) believed that their condition was not serious, despite severe OSA in 53.7% of the patients. A multivariate regression showed that the decision to receive treatment was associated with: age between 45-59 years [odds ratio (OR) 0.805, 95% CI: 0.691-0.936; P<0.001], female gender (OR 0.492, 95% CI: 0.383-0.631; P<0.001), severe OSA (OR 1.92, 95% CI: 1.01-3.64; P<0.001), hypertension (OR 1.414, 95% CI: 1.209-1.654; P<0.001) and diabetes (OR 1.760, 95% CI: 1.043-2.972; P=0.034). In subjects receiving treatment (n=1,318), 50.9% reported negative perceptions about the treatments. Conclusions: Nearly two thirds of Chinese patients choose not to receive treatment after OSA diagnosis, and nearly half are negative about their treatments for OSA. This requires clinical attention, and warrants further study in different geographic settings.

8.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 34(8): 1491-1500, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29672176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: With limited data available on calcification prevalence in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on dialysis, the China Dialysis Calcification Study (CDCS) determined the prevalence of vascular/valvular calcification (VC) and association of risk factors in Chinese patients with prevalent hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: CKD patients undergoing HD/PD for ≥6 months were enrolled. Prevalence data for calcification and medical history were documented at baseline. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was assessed by electron beam or multi-slice computed tomography (EBCT/MSCT), abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) by lateral lumbar radiography, and cardiac valvular calcification (ValvC) by echocardiography. Serum phosphorus, calcium, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), and 25-hydroxyvitamin D and FGF-23 were evaluated. A logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between risk factors and VC. RESULTS: Of 1,497 patients, 1,493 (78.3% HD, 21.7% PD) had ≥1 baseline calcification image (final analysis cohort, FAC) and 1,423 (78.8% HD, 21.2% PD) had baseline calcification data complete (BCDC). Prevalence of VC was 77.4% in FAC (80.8% HD, 65.1% PD, p < .001) and 77.5% in BCDC (80.7% HD, 65.8% PD). The proportion of BCDC patients with single-site calcification were 20% for CAC, 4.3% for AAC, and 4.3% for cardiac valvular calcification (ValvC), respectively. Double site calcifications were 23.4% for CAC and AAC, 6.5% for CAC and ValvC, and 1.1% for AAC and ValvC, respectively. In total, 17.9% patients had calcification at all three sites. CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of total VC in Chinese CKD patients will supplement current knowledge, which is mostly limited, contributing in creating awareness and optimizing VC management.


Assuntos
Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/etiologia
9.
Am J Nephrol ; 47(3): 145-152, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29502121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a well-known immunomodulator that is useful as in the treatment for lupus because of its inhibitory effect on toll-like receptors and cytokines, which are speculated to play a role in the pathogenesis of Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN). However, there was only one study that investigated the effect of HCQ on proteinuria in patients with IgAN. METHODS: Ninety patients with IgAN who received HCQ in addition to optimized dosage of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi) were recruited for this study, and 90 matched historical controls who received RAASi alone were selected from our registry by the propensity score matching method. Their clinical data were compared at baseline and during follow-up till the termination of HCQ or addition of immunosuppressive agents. RESULTS: The median baseline proteinuria level of the 90 patients who received HCQ was comparable with the RAASi-alone group (1.5 [1.2, 2.1] vs. 1.5 [1.2, 1.9] g/day, p = 0.74). At 6 months post-study initiation, the median proteinuria level in the HCQ group was lower than that in the RAASi-alone group (0.8 [0.7, 1.2] vs. 1.2 [0.8, 1.8] g/day, p = 0.02). The percentage by which proteinuria was reduced in the HCQ group was significantly higher than that in the RAASi-alone group (-43% [-57, -12] vs. -19% [-46, 17], p = 0.01). No serious adverse effects were documented during treatment with HCQ. CONCLUSION: The addition of HCQ to RAASi resulted in a significant and safe reduction in proteinuria in patients with IgAN.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Proteinúria/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteinúria/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Int J Mol Med ; 41(4): 2193-2200, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29393363

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of overexpressed suppressor of cytokine signaling­3 (SOCS3) on T-helper (Th)17 cell responses and neutrophilic airway inflammation in mice with chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infections. SOCS3 expression was enhanced via the administration of tail vein injections of therapeutic lentivirus in mice with chronic PA lung infections. SOCS3 expression in the blood and lung tissue was assessed using reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT­qPCR) and western blot analysis. Total and differential cell numbers and myeloperoxidase levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid were assessed, as well as the number of bacterial colonies in the lungs. Histological analysis of lung tissue was performed using hematoxylin and eosin staining and phosphorylated­signal transducer and activator of transcription­3 (p­STAT3) expression was measured by western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. The expression of STAT3 mRNA and retinoid­related orphan receptor (ROR)γt were measured by RT­qPCR. The percentage of interleukin (IL)­17+ cells among cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ cells was calculated using flow cytometry and levels of IL­17A and IL­6 were assessed by ELISA. The expression of SOCS3 was significantly increased in CD4+ T cells following lentivirus injection and the inflammation of neutrophilic airways was notably ameliorated. Enhanced SOCS3 expression was associated with a significant decrease in the expression of p­STAT3 and RORγt in CD4+ T cells. Additionally, the percentage of IL­17+ cells among CD4+ T cells and the IL­17 contents in the BAL fluid were significantly decreased. Lentivirus­mediated overexpression of SOCS3 was revealed to ameliorate neutrophilic airway inflammation by inhibiting pulmonary Th17 responses in mice with chronic PA lung infections.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Pneumonia Bacteriana/terapia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/terapia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/imunologia , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas/genética , Células Th17/imunologia , Animais , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Terapia Genética/métodos , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-8/imunologia , Lentivirus/genética , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pneumonia Bacteriana/complicações , Pneumonia Bacteriana/genética , Pneumonia Bacteriana/imunologia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/complicações , Infecções por Pseudomonas/genética , Infecções por Pseudomonas/imunologia , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas/imunologia , Células Th17/microbiologia , Regulação para Cima
11.
Int J Neurosci ; 128(3): 199-207, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28931339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2I (LGMD2I) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder caused by mutations in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene. Although the features of the disorder in European patients have been summarized, Asian patients with LGMD2I have rarely been reported. Thus, the clinical differences in LGMD2I between Asian and European patients and the associated genetic changes remain unclear. METHODS: We reported detailed clinical data as well as results from muscle biopsy, muscle MRI and genetic analysis of the FKRP gene in two unrelated Chinese families with LGMD2I. Additionally, a review of the literature focusing on the clinical and mutational features of LGMD2I in Asian patients was performed. RESULTS: The muscle biopsy results showed dystrophic features. Immunohistochemical staining revealed decreased glycosylations on α-dystroglycan. The muscle MRI results showed that the gluteus maximus, adductor, biceps femoris, vastus intermedius and vastus lateralis were severely affected. The patients in the two families harbored the same compound heterozygous mutations (c.545A>G and c.948delC). One patient showed significant clinical improvement after corticosteroid treatment. CONCLUSION: Our study expanded the reported spectrum of Asian LGMD2I patients. Our literature review revealed that pathogenic mutations in the FKRP gene in Asian LGMD2I patients are compound heterozygous rather than homozygous. Compound heterozygous Asian patients have a mild phenotype but frequently show respiratory and cardiac impairments. Corticosteroids may be beneficial for the treatment of LGMD2I and should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Saúde da Família , Distrofia Muscular do Cíngulo dos Membros/genética , Mutação/genética , Proteínas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Pré-Escolar , Testes Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Distrofia Muscular do Cíngulo dos Membros/patologia , Pentosiltransferases , Adulto Jovem
12.
Mol Med Rep ; 16(1): 778-786, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28560450

RESUMO

Neutrophilic airway inflammation in chronic lung infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is associated with T helper (Th)17 responses. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is the major negative modulator of Th17 function through the suppression of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 activation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of SOCS3 in lung CD4+ T cells in a mouse model of chronic PA lung infection and the effect of exogenous SOCS3 on Th17­mediated neutrophil recruitment in vitro. A mouse model of chronic PA lung infection was established and the activation of STAT3 and Th17 response in lung tissues and lung CD4+ T cells was assessed. The protein and mRNA expression of SOCS3 in lung CD4+ T cells was analyzed by western blotting and reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The authors constructed a recombinant lentivirus carrying the SOCS3 gene and transferred it into lung CD4+ T cells isolated from a mouse model. These transfected cells were stimulated with interleukin (IL)­23 in vitro and the protein level of p­STAT3 and retinoid­related orphan receptor (ROR)γt was determined by western blotting. The expression of IL­17A+ cells was analyzed by flow cytometry and the level of IL­17A in cell culture supernatant was measured by ELISA. The mouse lung epithelial cell line, MLE­12, was cocultured with lung CD4+ T cells that overexpressed the SOCS3 gene and the culture supernatant was harvested and used for a chemotaxis assay. Compared with control mice, mice with chronic PA lung infection had significantly higher level of p­STAT3 and Th17 response in both lung tissues and lung CD4+ T cells. The protein and mRNA level of SOCS3 in lung CD4+ T cells increased as the chronic PA lung infection developed. Exogenous SOCS3 gene transfer in PA­infected lung CD4+ T cells decreased p­STAT3 and RORγt expression and suppressed the level of IL­17A+ cells in vitro. MLE­12 cells cocultured with SOCS3­overexpressing lung CD4+ T cells expressed a significantly lower level of neutrophil chemoattractants chemokine (C­X­C motif) ligand (CXCL) 1 and CXCL5, and recruited significantly smaller numbers of migrating neutrophils than those cocultured with control cells. SOCS3 was upregulated in lung CD4+ T cells following the activation of STAT3/Th17 axis in a mouse model of chronic PA lung infection. Exogenous SOCS3 transfer in PA­infected lung CD4+ T cells suppresses Th17­mediated neutrophil recruitment in vitro.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas/genética , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th17/metabolismo , Animais , Doença Crônica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Camundongos , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/genética , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Pneumonia/genética , Pneumonia/imunologia , Pneumonia/metabolismo , Pneumonia/patologia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/genética , Infecções por Pseudomonas/imunologia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Infecções por Pseudomonas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transdução Genética
13.
J Pain Res ; 10: 1143-1153, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28553135

RESUMO

A number of animal models have been developed to examine the pathophysiological consequences of surgical procedures, but anesthetic methods, monitoring, and management measures in these models are very different from those used in humans. This study was designed to create a rat model of abdominal surgery using anesthetic methods and perioperative treatment similar to those used in the clinic and to investigate the effects of different injury severities and depths of anesthesia and analgesia on surgical stress and postoperative recovery. Abdominal skin/muscle incision was compared with exploratory laparotomy in rats under propofol intravenous anesthesia, accompanied by perioperative measures such as oxygen inhalation, fluid infusion, warmth, blood gas analysis, and infection prevention. Stress indices (mean arterial pressure, heart rate, blood glucose, and plasma corticosterone) were monitored during anesthesia and surgery, and recovery indicators (body weight, food consumption, and pain) were measured after surgery. In addition, animals undergoing laparotomy were subjected to low and high dosages of propofol and sufentanil, in order to examine the relationship between anesthetic and analgesic depth and stress on recovery. Exploratory laparotomy induced a greater stress response and caused slower postoperative recovery as measured than somatic injury. High-dose sufentanil downregulated plasma corticosterone and improved postoperative recovery more effectively than high-dose propofol (P<0.05). Taken together, a rat model of abdominal surgery using anesthetic methods and perioperative treatment similar to those used in the clinic was successfully developed. It showed a positive correlation between severity of surgical trauma and stress response and postoperative recovery and a significant role of adequate analgesia in reducing surgical stress and improving postoperative recovery.

14.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 509, 2017 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28360411

RESUMO

ß-elemene, a compound extracted from Curcuma wenyujin plant, exhibits anticancer activity in many cancer types. However, the detailed mechanism by which ß-elemene inhibits growth of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells remains unknown. We showed that ß-elemene reduced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3), and protein expressions of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). Exogenously expressed Stat3 antagonized the effect of ß-elemene on DNMT1 and EZH2 expressions. Furthermore, overexpressions of DNMT1 and EZH2 reversed the effect of ß-elemene on phosphorylation of Stat3 and cell growth inhibition. Intriguingly, exogenously expressed DNMT1 overcame ß-elemene-inhibited EZH2 protein expression and promoter activity. On the contrary, silencing of EZH2 and DNMT1 genes feedback strengthened the effect of ß-elemene on phosphorylation of Stat3. Consistent with this, ß-elemene inhibited tumor growth, phosphorylation of Stat3, expressions of DNMT1 and EZH2 in a mouse xenograft model. Collectively, this study shows that ß-elemene inhibits NPC cell growth via inactivation of Stat3, and reduces DNMT1 and EZH2 expressions. The interplay of DNMT1 and EZH2, and the mutual regulations among Stat3, EZH2 and DNMT1 contribute to the overall responses of ß-elemene. This study uncovers a novel mechanism by which ß-elemene inhibits growth of NPC cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma/patologia , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferase 1/metabolismo , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética
15.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 41(1): 339-357, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28214826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emodin has anti-neoplastic activities on multiple tumors. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect still remain to be fully understood. METHODS: Cell viability and cell cycle distribution were measured using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays and flow cytometry, respectively. Cell invasion and migration were examined by transwell invasion and wound healing assays. Western blot analysis was performed to examine the phosphorylation and protein expression of AMP-activated protein kinase alpha (AMPKα), extracellular signaling-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein 1 (IGFBP1) and the transcription factor Sp1. QRT-PCR was used to examine the mRNA levels of the IGFBP1 gene. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were used to knockdown PPARγ and IGFBP1 genes. Exogenously expression of IGFBP1 and Sp1 was determined by transient transfection assays. IGFBP1 promoter activity was measured by Secrete-Pair Dual Luminescence Assay Kit. In vivo nude mice xenograft model and bioluminescent imaging system were used to confirm the findings. RESULTS: We showed that emodin induced cell cycle arrest of NSCLC cells. Emodin increased PPARγ protein and luciferase reporter activity, which were abolished by inhibitors of MAPK extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK)/ERK and AMPK. Silencing of PPARγ abrogated emodin-inhibited cell growth and cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, emodin elevated IGFBP1 mRNA, protein, and promoter activity through activation of PPARγ. Intriguingly, overexpressed Sp1 attenuated emodin-induced IGFBP1 expression, which was not observed in cells with silenced PPARγ gene. Moreover, silencing of IGFBP1 gene blunted emodin-induced inhibition of cell growth and cell cycle arrest. On the contrary, overexpressed IGFBP1 enhanced emodin-induced phosphorylation of AMPKα and ERK1/2, and restored emodin-inhibited growth in cells with silenced endogenous IGFBP1 gene. Emodin also inhibited growth of lung xenograft tumors and Sp1, and increased IGFBP1 and PPARγ protein expressions In vivo. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our results show that emodin inhibits growth of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells through ERK and AMPKα-mediated induction of PPARγ, followed by reduction of Sp1. This in turn induces IGFBP1 gene expression. Thus, the signaling cascades, positive feedback loop and cooperative interplay between transcription factors-induced the expression of IGFBP1 gene contribute to the overall responses of emodin. This study provides a novel mechanism by which emodin inhibits growth of human lung cancer cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Emodina/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/metabolismo , Células A549 , Animais , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Emodina/uso terapêutico , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , PPAR gama/antagonistas & inibidores , PPAR gama/genética , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo
16.
Int J Oncol ; 50(3): 815-822, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28112369

RESUMO

HIST1H3D gene encodes histone H3.1 and is involved in gene-silencing and heterochromatin formation. HIST1H3D expression is upregulated in primary gastric cancer tissue. In this study, we explored the effects of HIST1H3D expression on lung cancer, and its mechanisms. HIST1H3D expression was measured by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR in lung cancer tissues and human lung cancer cell lines. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay. Flow cytometric analysis was used to determine cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. Levels of related proteins were detected by western blotting. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to investigate related signaling pathways. cDNA microarray analysis was performed to identify differentially expressed genes following HIST1H3D knockdown. HIST1H3D expression was upregulated in lung cancer tissue samples and the H1299 human lung cancer cell line (P<0.01). Regulation of HIST1H3D expression in nucleus of cells in lung cancer tissues was significant associated with tumor stage (P=0.02) and lymph node metastases (P=0.04). Downregulation of HIST1H3D expression led to suppression of proliferation and colony forming ability, cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase, and promotion of cell apoptosis. The microarray data revealed 522 genes that were differentially expressed after HIST1H3D knockdown in H1299 cells. These genes were shown to be linked to numerous pathways, including the cell cycle, p53 signaling, and MCM. Western blot analysis confirmed upregulated expression of the THBS1 and TP53I3 genes, and downregulated expression of the CDK6, CDKN1 and CCNE2 genes. In conclusion, our results suggest that HIST1H3D is highly expressed in lung cancer cell lines and tissues. Furthermore, HIST1H3D may be important in cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle progression, and is implicated as a potential therapeutic target for lung cancer.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Histonas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Células A549 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Ciclinas/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Trombospondina 1/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
17.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 41(6): 986-996, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27988515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cognitive impairment and abnormal structural neuroimaging is common in chronic kidney disease patients. We aimed to explore its association with dialysis modality and the relationship between cognitive impairment and abnormal structural neuroimaging. METHODS: Sixty peritoneal dialysis patients and 30 hemodialysis and 30 non-dialyzed stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease patients without history of stroke were enrolled for the study. Participants were matched for age, gender, education, diabetes status, and dialysis duration (if appropriate). Cognitive functions were measured using a battery of recognized instruments. Brain features were examined with 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Cognitive impairment was significantly more severe in dialysis patients than in non-dialyzed patients. The global and specific cognitive function were not significantly different between patients on peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. Hemodialysis patients had more severe white matter hyperintensity, sulcal and ventricular atrophy, and SVIs than other patients. In all groups, higher white matter grade, ventricular grade, and hippocampal atrophy were significantly associated with global cognitive impairment, with hazard ratios of 1.80 (1.22-2.64), 1.67 (1.09-2.57), and 2.49 (1.07-5.77), respectively. White matter grade was also significantly associated with delayed memory (hazard ratio 1.63; 1.12-2.39). CONCLUSION: Dialysis modality showed no association with cognitive impairment, although hemodialysis patients had more severe neuroimaging abnormalities. For the whole group, white matter hyperintensity, and ventricular and hippocampal atrophy, were independently associated with global cognitive impairment in chronic kidney disease patients.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Neuroimagem/métodos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Idoso , Atrofia/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/anormalidades , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia
18.
BMC Womens Health ; 16(1): 60, 2016 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27596852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of CD138 immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of chronic endometritis (CE) and the risk factors for assisted conception patients having CE complications. METHODS: Ninety-three patients, with normal uterine shape confirmed by examination and who were planning to undergo assisted conception treatments, were selected as research subjects. Endometrial tissue was isolated for routine hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and CD138 immunohistochemical staining. Additionally, the disease histories of patients were collected, and the reproductive prognosis was followed up. RESULTS: ① CE detection rate: The rate of CD138 immunohistochemical staining was greater than that of HE staining (27.96 % vs. 26.89 %, P <0.05); ② Pregnancy rate: the pregnancy rate of CD138-positive patients (7.7 %) was lower than the pregnancy rate of CD138-negative patients (31.3 %) (p = 0.017 < 0.05); ③ The results from univariate analysis showed that a previous history of prolonged menstrual bleeding episodes, an abortion history, and complications of fallopian tube obstruction were associated with CE (P <0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis confirmed that prolonged menstrual bleeding episodes (P = 0.014, OR = 5.394, 95 % CI 1.405-20.699), a previous abortion history (P = 0.029, OR = 3.194, 95 % CI 1.125-9.073), and fallopian tube obstruction (P = 0.028, OR = 3.274, 95 % CI 1.139-9.415) were independent risk factors for positive CD138 results. CONCLUSIONS: CD138 immunohistochemistry can improve the CE diagnosis rate. A previous history of prolonged menstrual bleeding episodes, an abortion history, and a history of fallopian tube obstruction are risk factors for chronic endometritis, and a CD138 immunohistochemical examination should be advised among them.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica , Endometrite/diagnóstico , Sindecana-1/uso terapêutico , Virulência , Aborto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/complicações , Feminino , Hematoxilina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
19.
Biochim Biophys Acta ; 2016 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27615428

RESUMO

Due to an error in the publishing process, this article has been withdrawn at the request of the editors. We wish to clarify that this is in no way related to the integrity of the authors. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.

20.
Am J Transl Res ; 8(3): 1581-92, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27186283

RESUMO

Results of this study showed that the bacterial composition in vagina (V) greatly differed from intrauterine microbiome (I). Microbiomes were present in all intrauterine samples of healthy women (Group H (I)) and patients with endometrial polyps (EP) (including Group EP (I) and Group EP/chronic endometritis (CE) (I)). Indeed, the intrauterine bacteria population in Group EP/CE (I) were more diverse than those in Groups EP (I) and H (I). The result also confirmed the bacterial composition differences between vagina and uterus as well as the intrauterine microbiome alteration in the patients, compared to the healthy. Although bacteria of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Actinobacteria, dominated the intrauterine microbiome in all samples, however, proportions of Firmicutes from Group EP/CE (I) and Group EP (I) were much higher than that from Group H (I), in contrast, the proportions of Proteobacteria were far lower than the healthy. At the genus level, compared to Group H (I), it is found that proportions of Lactobacillus, Gardnerella, Bifidobacterium, Streptococcus, and Alteromonas were significantly higher, and that of Pseudomonas were significantly lower in Group EP/CE (I) or Group EP (I). In addition, lower proportions of Enterobacter and Sphingomonas and a higher proportion of Prevotella were also observed in Group EP/CE (I). In conclusion, uterine microbiomes between patients with EP and the healthy are significantly different and all the potentially important variation of uterine microbes may cause EP, but not definitively related to CE. Further experiments should be performed to test these relationships to endometritis occurrence.

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