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1.
Nat Med ; 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956195

RESUMO

Recent single-arm studies involving neoadjuvant camrelizumab, a PD-1 inhibitor, plus chemotherapy for resectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (LA-ESCC) have shown promising results. This multicenter, randomized, open-label phase 3 trial aimed to further assess the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant camrelizumab plus chemotherapy followed by adjuvant camrelizumab, compared to neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone. A total of 391 patients with resectable thoracic LA-ESCC (T1b-3N1-3M0 or T3N0M0) were stratified by clinical stage (I/II, III or IVA) and randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to undergo two cycles of neoadjuvant therapy. Treatments included camrelizumab, albumin-bound paclitaxel and cisplatin (Cam+nab-TP group; n = 132); camrelizumab, paclitaxel and cisplatin (Cam+TP group; n = 130); and paclitaxel with cisplatin (TP group; n = 129), followed by surgical resection. Both the Cam+nab-TP and Cam+TP groups also received adjuvant camrelizumab. The dual primary endpoints were the rate of pathological complete response (pCR), as evaluated by a blind independent review committee, and event-free survival (EFS), as assessed by investigators. This study reports the final analysis of pCR rates. In the intention-to-treat population, the Cam+nab-TP and Cam+TP groups exhibited significantly higher pCR rates of 28.0% and 15.4%, respectively, compared to 4.7% in the TP group (Cam+nab-TP versus TP: difference 23.5%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 15.1-32.0, P < 0.0001; Cam+TP versus TP: difference 10.9%, 95% CI 3.7-18.1, P = 0.0034). The study met its primary endpoint of pCR; however, EFS is not yet mature. The incidence of grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events during neoadjuvant treatment was 34.1% for the Cam+nab-TP group, 29.2% for the Cam+TP group and 28.8% for the TP group; the postoperative complication rates were 34.2%, 38.8% and 32.0%, respectively. Neoadjuvant camrelizumab plus chemotherapy demonstrated superior pCR rates compared to chemotherapy alone for LA-ESCC, with a tolerable safety profile. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry identifier: ChiCTR2000040034 .

2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5616, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965253

RESUMO

Patterns on polymers usually have different mechanical properties as those of the substrates, causing deformation or distortion and even detachment of the patterns from the polymer substrates. Herein, we present a wrinkling strategy, which utilizes photolithography to define the area of stress distribution by light-induced physical crosslinking of polymers and controls diffusion of residual solvent to redistribute the stress and then offers the same material for patterns as substrate by thermal polymerization, providing uniform wrinkles without worrying about force relaxation. The strategy allows the recording and hiding of up to eight switchable images in one place that can be read by the naked eye without crosstalk, applying the wrinkled polymer for optical anti-counterfeiting. The wrinkled polyimide film was also utilized to act as a substrate for the creation of fine copper circuit by a full-additive process. It generates flexible integrated circuit (IC) carrier board with copper wire density of 400% higher than that of the state-of-the-art in industry while fulfilling the standards for industrialization.

3.
Cell Biol Int ; 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973665

RESUMO

Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a critical digestive disorder frequently affecting premature infants. Characterized by intestinal inflammation caused by activated M1 macrophages, modulation of macrophage polarization is considered a promising therapeutic strategy for NEC. It has been demonstrated that the growth factor-like protein progranulin (PGRN), which plays roles in a number of physiological and pathological processes, can influence macrophage polarization and exhibit anti-inflammatory characteristics in a number of illnesses. However, its role in NEC is yet to be investigated. Our research showed that the levels of PGRN were markedly elevated in both human and animal models of NEC. PGRN deletion in mice worsens NEC by encouraging M1 polarization of macrophages and escalating intestinal damage and inflammation. Intravenous administration of recombinant PGRN to NEC mice showed significant survival benefits and protective effects, likely due to PGRN's ability to inhibit M1 polarization and reduce the release of pro-inflammatory factors. Our findings shed new light on PGRN's biological role in NEC and demonstrate its potential as a therapeutic target for the disease.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2402152, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38946585

RESUMO

Post-stroke depression is a common complication that imposes significant burdens and challenges on patients. The occurrence of depression is often associated with frontal lobe hemorrhage, however, current understanding of the underlying mechanisms remains limited. Here, the pathogenic mechanisms associated with the circuitry connectivity, electrophysiological alterations, and molecular characteristics are investigated related to the frontal lobe in adult male mice following unilateral injection of blood in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). It is demonstrated that depression is a specific neurological complication in the unilateral hematoma model of the mPFC, and the ventral tegmental area (VTA) shows a higher percentage of connectivity disruption compared to the lateral habenula (LHb) and striatum (STR). Additionally, long-range projections originating from the frontal lobe demonstrate higher damage percentages within the connections between each region and the mPFC. mPFC neurons reveal reduced neuronal excitability and altered synaptic communication. Furthermore, transcriptomic analysis identifies the involvement of the Janus Kinase-Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (JAK-STAT) signaling pathway, and targeting the JAK-STAT pathway significantly alleviates the severity of depressive symptoms. These findings improve the understanding of post-hemorrhagic depression and may guide the development of efficient treatments.

5.
RSC Adv ; 14(31): 22497-22503, 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39015667

RESUMO

The development of a green, safe, and accurate sample preparation method for the determination of trace metal elements in environmental samples is of great importance. Choline chloride-based deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were used to extract heavy metal elements from litterfall and the target analytes were measured using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Factors such as the type, ratio, dosage, and extraction time and temperature of the DESs were studied. A DES system based on choline chloride and maleic acid had the highest extraction efficiency of 98.5%, 88.4%, 90.2%, and 93.7% for Cd, Cu, Zn, and Fe. Under the optimized conditions, the limits of detection and limits of quantification were in the range of 0.04-0.70 and 0.13-2.30 mg kg-1. The repeatability (n = 3), estimated in terms of the relative standard deviation, ranged from 1.14% to 3.40%. The proposed method was validated for accuracy using GBW10087. Notably, the energy consumption of the newly developed method was only one-fifth that of a traditional acid digestion method. This work not only presents an environmentally friendly method for the determination of trace element concentrations in environmental samples but also deepens our understanding of DES systems.

6.
J Gen Psychol ; : 1-28, 2024 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39023941

RESUMO

Affective feelings naturally infuse individuals' perceptions, serving as valid windows onto the real world. The affective realism hypothesis further explains how these feelings work: as properties of individuals' perceptual experiences, these feelings influence perception. Notably, this hypothesis based on affective feelings with different valences has been substantiated, whereas the existing evidence is not compelling enough. Moreover, whether specific affective feelings can be experienced as properties of target perception remains unclear. Addressing these two issues deepens our understanding of the nature of emotional representation. Hence, we investigated the affective realism hypothesis based on affective feelings with different valences and specific emotions, comparing it with the affective misattribution hypothesis. In Experiment 1, we examined the effects of affective feelings with various valences on targets' perception through the AM (1a) and CFS paradigms (1b). In Experiment 2, we investigated the effects of affective feelings with anger, sadness, and disgust using similar methods. Results from Experiments 1a and 1b consistently indicated significant differences in valence ratings of neutral faces under emotional contexts with varying valences. Experiment 2a revealed significant differences in specific emotion ratings of neutral faces under different specific emotional contexts in the AM paradigm, whereas such differences were not observed in the CFS paradigm in Experiment 2b. We concluded that affective feelings with different valences, rather than specific emotions, can be experienced as inherent properties of target perception, validating the affective realism hypothesis. These findings supported the view that the nature of emotional representation should be described as affective dimensions.

7.
Funct Integr Genomics ; 24(4): 125, 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38995475

RESUMO

MDS1 and EVI1 complex locus (MECOM), a transcription factor encoding several variants, has been implicated in progression of ovarian cancer. The function of regulatory regions in regulating MECOM expression in ovarian cancer is not fully understood. In this study, MECOM expression was evaluated in ovarian cancer cell lines treated with bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) inhibitor JQ-1. Oncogenic phenotypes were assayed using assays of CCK-8, colony formation, wound-healing and transwell. Oncogenic phenotypes were estimated in stable sgRNA-transfected OVCAR3 cell lines. Xenograft mouse model was assayed via subcutaneous injection of enhancer-deleted OVCAR3 cell lines. The results displayed that expression of MECOM is downregulated in cell lines treated with JQ-1. Data from published ChIP-sequencing (H3K27Ac) in 3 ovarian cancer cell lines displayed a potential enhancer around the first exon. mRNA and protein expression were downregulated in OVCAR3 cells after deletion of the MECOM enhancer. Similarly, oncogenic phenotypes both in cells and in the xenograft mouse model were significantly attenuated. This study demonstrates that JQ-1 can inhibit the expression of MECOM and tumorigenesis. Deletion of the enhancer activity of MECOM has an indispensable role in inhibiting ovarian cancer progress, which sheds light on a promising opportunity for ovarian cancer treatment through the application of this non-coding DNA deletion.


Assuntos
Azepinas , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Humanos , Animais , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Azepinas/farmacologia , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Triazóis/farmacologia , Proteína do Locus do Complexo MDS1 e EVI1/genética , Proteína do Locus do Complexo MDS1 e EVI1/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Supressores de Tumor
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38979948

RESUMO

In planta expression of recombinant antibodies has been proposed as a strategy for herbicide resistance but is not well advanced yet. Here, an atrazine nanobody gene fused with a green fluorescent protein tag was transformed to Arabidopsis thaliana, which was confirmed with PCR, ELISA, and immunoblotting. High levels of nanobody accumulation were observed in the nucleus, cytoderm, and cytosol. The nanobody expressed in the plant had similar affinity, sensitivity, and selectivity as that expressed in Escherichia coli. The T3 homozygous line showed resistance in a dose-dependent manner up to 380 g ai/ha of atrazine, which is approximately one-third of the recommended field application rate. This is the first report of utilizing a nanobody in plants against herbicides. The results suggest that utilizing a high-affinity herbicide nanobody gene rather than increasing the expression of nanobodies in plants may be a technically viable approach to acquire commercial herbicide-resistant crops and could be a useful tool to study plant physiology.

12.
Anal Chem ; 96(23): 9424-9429, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825761

RESUMO

Candida auris (C. auris) was first discovered in Japan in 2009 and has since spread worldwide. It exhibits strong transmission ability, high multidrug resistance, blood infectivity, and mortality rates. Traditional diagnostic techniques for C. auris have shortcomings, leading to difficulty in its timely diagnosis and identification. Therefore, timely and accurate diagnostic assays for clinical samples are crucial. We developed a novel, rapid recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay targeting the 18S rRNA, ITS1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS2, and 28S rRNA genes for C. auris identification. This assay can rapidly amplify DNA at 39 °C in 20 min. The analytical sensitivity and specificity were evaluated. From 241 clinical samples collected from pediatric inpatients, none were detected as C. auris-positive. We then prepared simulated clinical samples by adding 10-fold serial dilutions of C. auris into the samples to test the RAA assay's efficacy and compared it with that of real-time PCR. The assay demonstrated an analytical sensitivity of 10 copies/µL and an analytical specificity of 100%. The lower detection limit of the RAA assay for simulated clinical samples was 101 CFU/mL, which was better than that of real-time PCR (102-103 CFU/mL), demonstrating that the RAA assay may have a better detection efficacy for clinical samples. In summary, the RAA assay has high sensitivity, specificity, and detection efficacy. This assay is a potential new method for detecting C. auris, with simple reaction condition requirements, thus helping to manage C. auris epidemics.


Assuntos
Candida auris , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Recombinases , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Humanos , Recombinases/metabolismo , Candida auris/genética , Candidíase/diagnóstico , Candidíase/microbiologia , Limite de Detecção , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Fúngico/análise
13.
Food Microbiol ; 122: 104557, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839221

RESUMO

To investigate the potential antifungal mechanisms of rhizosphere Actinobacteria against Ceratocystis fimbriata in sweet potato, a comprehensive approach combining biochemical analyses and multi-omics techniques was employed in this study. A total of 163 bacterial strains were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of sweet potato. Among them, strain MEPS155, identified as Streptomyces djakartensis, exhibited robust and consistent inhibition of C. fimbriata mycelial growth in in vitro dual culture assays, attributed to both cell-free supernatant and volatile organic compounds. Moreover, strain MEPS155 demonstrated diverse plant growth-promoting attributes, including the production of indole-3-acetic acid, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase, phosphorus solubilization, nitrogen fixation, and enzymatic activities such as cellulase, chitinase, and protease. Notably, strain MEPS155 exhibited efficacy against various sweet potato pathogenic fungi. Following the inoculation of strain MEPS155, a significant reduction (P < 0.05) in malondialdehyde content was observed in sweet potato slices, indicating a potential protective effect. The whole genome of MEPS155 was characterized by a size of 8,030,375 bp, encompassing 7234 coding DNA sequences and 32 secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters. Transcriptomic analysis revealed 1869 differentially expressed genes in the treated group that cultured with C. fimbriata, notably influencing pathways associated with porphyrin metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, and biosynthesis of type II polyketide products. These alterations in gene expression are hypothesized to be linked to the production of secondary metabolites contributing to the inhibition of C. fimbriata. Metabolomic analysis identified 1469 potential differently accumulated metabolites (PDAMs) when comparing MEPS155 and the control group. The up-regulated PDAMs were predominantly associated with the biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites, including vanillin, myristic acid, and protocatechuic acid, suggesting potential inhibitory effects on plant pathogenic fungi. Our study underscores the ability of strain S. djakartensis MEPS155 to inhibit C. fimbriata growth through the production of secretory enzymes or secondary metabolites. The findings contribute to a theoretical foundation for future investigations into the role of MEPS155 in postharvest black rot prevention in sweet potato.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Ipomoea batatas , Doenças das Plantas , Rizosfera , Streptomyces , Ipomoea batatas/microbiologia , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/metabolismo , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Ascomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/genética , Microbiologia do Solo , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Multiômica
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12786, 2024 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834626

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease marked by inflammatory cell infiltration and joint damage. The Chinese government has approved the prescription medication sinomenine (SIN), an effective anti-inflammation drug, for treating RA. This study evaluated the possible anti-inflammatory actions of SIN in RA based on bioinformatics analysis and experiments. Six microarray datasets were acquired from the gene expression omnibus (GEO) database. We used R software to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and perform function evaluations. The CIBERSORT was used to calculate the abundance of 22 infiltrating immune cells. The weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to discover genes associated with M1 macrophages. Four public datasets were used to predict the genes of SIN. Following that, function enrichment analysis for hub genes was performed. The cytoHubba and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were employed to select hub genes, and their diagnostic effectiveness was predicted using the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. Molecular docking was undertaken to confirm the affinity between the SIN and hub gene. Furthermore, the therapeutic efficacy of SIN was validated in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells line using Western blot and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) was identified as the hub M1 macrophages-related biomarker in RA using bioinformatic analysis and molecular docking. Our study indicated that MMP9 took part in IL-17 and TNF signaling pathways. Furthermore, we found that SIN suppresses the MMP9 protein overexpression and pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the LPS-induced RAW264.7 cell line. In conclusion, our work sheds new light on the pathophysiology of RA and identifies MMP9 as a possible RA key gene. In conclusion, the above findings demonstrate that SIN, from an emerging research perspective, might be a potential cost-effective anti-inflammatory medication for treating RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Biologia Computacional , Citocinas , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Morfinanos , Morfinanos/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Camundongos , Animais , Células RAW 264.7 , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
16.
Opt Lett ; 49(11): 3006-3009, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824314

RESUMO

In analogy to a wavelength selective switch in wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) optical fiber communication systems, a spatial and optical mode selective switch (SMSS) would be an important component in future ultrahigh capacity optical fiber communication systems based on space and mode division multiplexing. In this work, a free-space SMSS for orbital angular momentum (OAM) mode-division multiplexing (MDM) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The SMSS consists of a separating part for transforming OAM modes to spatial modes and a recombining part for selecting and recombining the modes to any spatial channel. The SMSS is able to implement strictly non-blocking switching between a total of 36 SDM/MDM channels configured as four spatial channels each supporting nine OAM mode channels.

17.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(6): e14796, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867395

RESUMO

AIMS: The extent of perihematomal edema following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) significantly impacts patient prognosis, and disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) exacerbates perihematomal edema. However, the role of peripheral IL-10 in mitigating BBB disruption through pathways that link peripheral and central nervous system signals remains poorly understood. METHODS: Recombinant IL-10 was administered to ICH model mice via caudal vein injection, an IL-10-inhibiting adeno-associated virus and an IL-10 receptor knockout plasmid were delivered intraventricularly, and neurobehavioral deficits, perihematomal edema, BBB disruption, and the expression of JAK1 and STAT3 were evaluated. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated that the peripheral cytokine IL-10 mitigated BBB breakdown, perihematomal edema, and neurobehavioral deficits after ICH and that IL-10 deficiency reversed these effects, likely through the IL-10R/JAK1/STAT3 signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral IL-10 has the potential to reduce BBB damage and perihematomal edema following ICH and improve patient prognosis.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico , Hemorragia Cerebral , Interleucina-10 , Janus Quinase 1 , Receptores de Interleucina-10 , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia Cerebral/metabolismo , Edema Encefálico/etiologia , Edema Encefálico/tratamento farmacológico , Janus Quinase 1/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo
18.
Epilepsia Open ; 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38888005

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several antiseizure medications (ASMs) have been approved for the treatment of focal epilepsy. However, there is a paucity of evidence on direct comparison of ASMs. We evaluated the comparative efficacy and safety of all approved add-on ASMs for the treatment of focal epilepsy using network meta-analysis. METHODS: Data through extensive literature search was retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and ClinicalTrial.gov databases using predefined search terms from inception through March 2023. PRISMA reporting guidelines (CRD42023403450) were followed in this study. Efficacy outcomes assessed were ≥50%, ≥75%, and 100% responder rates. Patient retention rate and safety outcomes such as overall treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and individual TEAEs were assessed. "Gemtc" 4.0.4 package was used to perform Bayesian analysis. Outcomes are reported as relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Literature search retrieved 5807 studies of which, 75 studies were included in the analysis. All ASMs showed significantly higher ≥50% responder rate compared with placebo. Except the ≥75% seizure frequency reduction for zonisamide (2.23; 95% CI: 1.00-5.70) and 100% for rufinamide (2.03; 95% CI: 0.54-11.00), all other interventions showed significantly higher ≥75% and 100% responder rates compared with placebo. Among treatments, significantly higher 100% responder rate was observed with cenobamate compared to eslicarbazepine (10.71; 95% CI: 1.56-323.9) and zonisamide (10.63; 95% CI: 1.37-261.2). All ASMs showed a lower patient retention rate compared to placebo, with the least significant value observed for oxcarbazepine (0.77; 95% CI: 0.7-0.84). Levetiracetam showed a lower risk of incidence (1.0; 95%CI: 0.94-1.1; SUCRA: 0.885067) for overall TEAE compared with other medications. SIGNIFICANCE: All approved ASMs were effective as add-on treatment for focal epilepsy. Of the ASMs included, cenobamate had the greatest likelihood of allowing patients to attain seizure freedom. PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY: This article compares the efficacy and safety of antiseizure medications (ASMs) currently available to neurologists in the treatment of epileptic patients. Several newer generation ASMs that have been developed may be as effective or better than the older medications. We included 75 studies in the analysis. In comparison, all drugs improved ≥50%, ≥75% and 100% responder rates compared to control, except for Zonisamide and Rufinamide in the ≥75% and 100% responder rate categories. Retention of patients undergoing treatment was lower in drugs than placebo. All drugs were tolerated, the levetiracetam showed the best tolerability. Cenobamate more likely help completely to reduce seizures.

19.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613241259357, 2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38895961

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to describe the experience of a single institution in China in treating adenoid cystic carcinoma of the nasopharynx. Methods: We reviewed the previous literature and conducted a retrospective analysis of 12 patients who diagnosed with nasopharyngeal adenoid cystic carcinoma (NACC) in clinical data, treatment, and follow-up data during 2019 to 2021. Results: Patients ranged in age from 32 to 68 years (mean 40.7 years, median 48.5 years), with a male to female ratio of 5:7. Most of our patients have T4a and T4b diseases (50% and 25%, respectively). A quarter of patients develop distant metastases. Among the 12 patients, 7 of them have positive margins under the microscope (7/12, 58.3%). The chief clinical manifestations were epistaxis, facial swelling, facial pain, headache ear stuffy, and hearing loss. If the tumors involved with cavernous sinus, brain stem infiltrated, and internal carotid artery circumvented, patients will undertake routine enhanced magnetic resonance imaging with Magnetic Resonance Angiography/Magnetic Resonance Venogram (MRA/MRV) to clearly show the lesion region. All patients underwent endoscopic endonasal approach. Fifty percent of patients received radiotherapy and 25% of patients received chemotherapy. None of the patients was lost and the follow-up time ranged from 16 to 45 months. The mean and median follow-up were 2.08 and 1.58 years. Two patients were dead of distant metastasis within 18 and 20 months after the surgery, and another patient with recurrent NACC died of hemorrhage. Conclusion: NACC is a rare malignant tumor that occurs in the nasopharynx, which can grow along the nerve, destroy the bone of the skull base, and metastasize to other organs. Up to now, there is no standard treatment. Our results show that endoscopic sinus surgery is a better choice for advanced or recurrent NACC.

20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4797, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839870

RESUMO

The exploration of post-Lithium (Li) metals, such as Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Aluminum (Al), and Zinc (Zn), for electrochemical energy storage has been driven by the limited availability of Li and the higher theoretical specific energies compared to the state-of-the-art Li-ion batteries. Post-Li metal||S batteries have emerged as a promising system for practical applications. Yet, the insufficient understanding of quantitative cell parameters and the mechanisms of sulfur electrocatalytic conversion hinder the advancement of these battery technologies. This perspective offers a comprehensive analysis of electrode parameters, including S mass loading, S content, electrolyte/S ratio, and negative/positive electrode capacity ratio, in establishing the specific energy (Wh kg-1) of post-Li metal||S batteries. Additionally, we critically evaluate the progress in investigating electrochemical sulfur conversion via homogeneous and heterogeneous electrocatalytic approaches in both non-aqueous Na/K/Mg/Ca/Al||S and aqueous Zn||S batteries. Lastly, we provide a critical outlook on potential research directions for designing practical post-Li metal||S batteries.

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