Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.676
Filtrar
1.
Recent Results Cancer Res ; 217: 13-45, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200360

RESUMO

Seven viruses including the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), Kaposi's sarcoma herpes virus (KSHV), human immunodeficiency virus, type-1 (HIV-1), human T cell lymphotrophic virus, type-1 (HTLV-1), and human papillomavirus (HPV) have been classified as Group 1 human carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The conclusions are based on the findings of epidemiological and mechanistic studies. EBV, HPV, HTLV-1, and KSHV are direct carcinogens; HBV and HCV are indirect carcinogens through chronic inflammation; and HIV-1 is an indirect carcinogen through immune suppression. Some viruses may cause more than one cancer, while some cancers may be caused by more than one virus. However, only a proportion of persons infected by these oncogenic viruses will develop specific cancers. A series of studies have been carried out to assess the viral, host, and environmental cofactors of EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma, HBV/HCV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma, and HPV-associated cervical carcinoma. Persistent infection, high viral load, and viral genotype are important risk predictors of these virus-caused cancers. Risk calculators incorporating host and viral risk predictors have been developed for the prediction of long-term risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and cervical cancer. These risk calculators are useful for the triage and clinical management of infected patients. Both clinical trials and national programs of immunization, antiviral therapy and screening have demonstrated a significant reduction in the incidence of cancers caused by HBV, HCV, and HPV. Future research on gene-gene and gene-environment interactions of oncogenic viruses and the human host using large-scale longitudinal studies with serial measurements of biosignatures are in urgent need.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(47): e23328, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217871

RESUMO

To compare the effects of different photon energies on radiation planning by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and helical tomotherapy (TOMO) for proximal gastric cancer (PGC). Network analysis with microarray procession and gene ontology were used to identify the effect of radiotherapy (RT) on PGC. Then, we retrospectively analyzed 8 PGC patients after receiving irradiation with a prescribed dose of 50.4 Gy. The Pinnacle treatment planning system (TPS, V9.8) was used to generate IMRT and VMAT plans by using 6 or 10 MV. TOMO plans were calculated on the Tomotherapy Planning Station Hi-Art Version 4.2.3 workstation (Tomotherapy Incorporated, Madison, WI, USA). PGC is associated with high DNA repair ability. TOMO plan results in higher tumor coverage and a better conformity index than IMRT and VMAT. 10-MV VMAT yields better dosimetric quality of the gradient index than 6-MV VMAT (P = .012). TOMO was associated with a lower irradiation dose in the mean dose to the right kidney (P = .049), left kidney and heart than 6-MV IMRT and 6-MV VMAT. 6-MV IMRT plan presented a higher dose of lung Dmean (P = .017) than 10-MV IMRT. Additionally, VMAT, using a planning energy of 6 MV, was associated with a significantly higher left kidney Dmean (P = .018) and V10 (P = .036) than a planning energy of 10 MV. TOMO is a better RT plan not only for tumor coverage but also for sparing organs at risk. IMRT and VMAT plans with 10 MV beams are more suitable than 6 MV beams for PGC treatment.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229564

RESUMO

Synaptotagmin-7 (Syt7) probably plays an important role in bipolar-like behavioral abnormalities in mice; however, the underlying mechanisms for this have remained elusive. Unlike antidepressants that cause mood overcorrection in bipolar depression, N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-targeted drugs show moderate clinical efficacy, for unexplained reasons. Here we identified Syt7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with bipolar disorder and demonstrated that mice lacking Syt7 or expressing the SNPs showed GluN2B-NMDAR dysfunction, leading to antidepressant behavioral consequences and avoidance of overcorrection by NMDAR antagonists. In human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived and mouse hippocampal neurons, Syt7 and GluN2B-NMDARs were localized to the peripheral synaptic region, and Syt7 triggered multiple forms of glutamate release to efficiently activate the juxtaposed GluN2B-NMDARs. Thus, while Syt7 deficiency and SNPs induced GluN2B-NMDAR dysfunction in mice, patient iPSC-derived neurons showed Syt7 deficit-induced GluN2B-NMDAR hypoactivity that was rescued by Syt7 overexpression. Therefore, Syt7 deficits induced mania-like behaviors in mice by attenuating GluN2B activity, which enabled NMDAR antagonists to avoid mood overcorrection.

5.
ACS Synth Biol ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186034

RESUMO

The central carbon metabolite acetyl-CoA and the cofactor NADPH are important for the synthesis of a wide array of biobased products. Here, we constructed a platform yeast strain for improved provision of acetyl-CoA and NADPH, and used the production of 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) as a case study. We first demonstrated that the integration of phosphoketolase and phosphotransacetylase improved 3-HP production by 41.9% and decreased glycerol production by 48.1% compared with that of the control strain. Then, to direct more carbon flux toward the pentose phosphate pathway, we reduced the expression of phosphoglucose isomerase by replacing its native promoter with a weaker promoter, and increased the expression of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase by replacing their native promoters with stronger promoters. This further improved 3-HP production by 26.4%. Furthermore, to increase the NADPH supply we overexpressed cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase, and improved 3-HP production by another 10.5%. Together with optimizing enzyme expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and malonyl-CoA reductase, the final strain is able to produce 3-HP with a final titer of 864.5 mg/L, which is a more than 24-fold improvement compared with that of the starting strain. Our strategy combines the PK pathway with the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway for the efficient provision of acetyl-CoA and NADPH, which provides both a higher theoretical yield and overall yield than the reported yeast-based 3-HP production strategies via the malonyl-CoA reductase-dependent pathway and sheds light on the construction of efficient platform cell factories for other products.

7.
J Pediatr Surg ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is closely related to oncogenesis. PI3K/mTOR inhibitors are considered capable of counteracting the feedback mechanisms within the pathway. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effects of VS-5584, an orally administered PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor, on neuroblastomas. METHODS: The effects of VS-5584 on proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and related signaling molecules were examined in neuroblastoma cells using the (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide)-based colorimetric assay, flow cytometry, and western blotting, respectively. Nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with human neuroblastoma cells, followed by VS-5584 treatment for two weeks. Tumor growth was tracked and tumor tissues were subjected to immunohistochemical investigations. RESULTS: In neuroblastoma cells, VS-5584 significantly inhibited proliferation and induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest. Additionally, VS-5584 decreased the expression of phospho-S6 kinase 1 (p-S6K1), p-retinoblastoma protein, p-cyclin-dependent kinase 2, and cyclin E1, and increased the expression of p21 and p27 in neuroblastoma cells. In mice, VS-5584 significantly suppressed tumor growth in neuroblastomas and downregulated the expression of p-mTOR and p-S6K1 in tumor tissues. CONCLUSIONS: VS-5584 blocks the PI3K/mTOR pathway, induces a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, and exerts antitumor effects on neuroblastomas both in vitro and in vivo.

8.
Neuron ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176118

RESUMO

Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is of great interest due to its role as a cholesterol/lipid transporter in the central nervous system (CNS) and as the most influential genetic risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD). Work over the last four decades has given us important insights into the structure of ApoE and how this might impact the neuropathology and pathogenesis of AD. In this review, we highlight the history and progress in the structural and molecular understanding of ApoE and discuss how these studies on ApoE have illuminated the physiology of ApoE, receptor binding, and interaction with amyloid-ß (Aß). We also identify future areas of study needed to advance our understanding of how ApoE influences neurodegeneration.

9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152066

RESUMO

The axial stiffness of DNA origami is determined as a function of key nanostructural characteristics. Different constructs of two-helix nanobeams with specified densities of nicks and Holliday junctions are synthesized and stretched by fluid flow. Implementing single particle tracking to extract force-displacement curves enables the measurement of DNA origami stiffness values at the enthalpic elasticity regime, i.e. for forces larger than 15 pN. Comparisons between ligated and nicked helices show that the latter exhibit nearly a two-fold decrease in axial stiffness. Numerical models that treat the DNA helices as elastic rods are used to evaluate the local loss of stiffness at the locations of nicks and Holliday junctions. It is shown that the models reproduce the experimental data accurately, indicating that both of these design characteristics yield a local stiffness two orders of magnitude smaller than the corresponding value of the intact double-helix. This local degradation in turn leads to a macroscopic loss of stiffness that is evaluated numerically for multi-helix DNA bundles.

10.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(6): 877-881, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Galectin-3 binding protein (Gal-3BP) is one of the major fucosylated glycoprotein family members and has recently been implicated in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hyperlipaemia and coronary artery disease. Here, we analysed the serum concentrations of Gal-3BP in menopausal women to evaluate the association of circulating Gal-3BP and insulin resistance in females after menopause. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated serum levels of Gal-3BP in sixty-two non-diabetic women with menopausal status for at least one year. The clinical features, biochemical profiles and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) indices were obtained routinely. RESULTS: Gal-3BP levels increased in women with higher HOMA-IR indices and were positively correlated with HOMA-IR indices. The Gal-3BP level was also an independent risk factor for a high HOMA-IR index and showed the most influence on the HOMA-IR index compared to fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride, age and body mass index. The cut-off value of the serum Gal-3BP level was 2234.32 ng/ml, with areas under the ROC curve (AUCs) of 0.68 (HOMA-IR index 1.5), 0.81 (HOMA-IR index 2.0) and 0.93 (HOMA-IR index 2.5). CONCLUSION: Serum levels of Gal-3BP are associated with impaired insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic menopausal women.

11.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(6): 935-937, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We present low-level mosaic trisomy 13 at amniocentesis associated with a favorable outcome in a pregnancy. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 17 weeks of gestation because of advanced maternal age. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+13[8]/46,XY[20]. The woman underwent cord blood sampling at 22 weeks of gestation. Cytogenetic analysis of cord blood revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+13[2]/46,XY[98]. Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis on the DNA extracted from cord blood revealed 10% gene dosage increase in chromosome 13. Prenatal ultrasound findings were unremarkable. After genetic counseling, the parents decided to continue the pregnancy, and a 2,280-g healthy male baby was delivered at 38 weeks of gestation. The parental karyotypes were normal. The cord blood at birth had a karyotype of 47,XY,+13[1]/46,XY[49]. At age one month, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed no trisomy 13 signals in 100/100 buccal mucosal cells, and trisomy 13 signals in 2/54 (3.7%) urinary cells compared with 0/60 cells in the normal control. The neonate was doing well and presented neither phenotypic abnormalities nor psychomotor disorders at age two months. CONCLUSION: Low-level true mosaic trisomy 13 at amniocentesis without ultrasound abnormalities can be associated with a favorable outcome.

12.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(6): 938-940, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We present prenatal diagnosis of maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) 5 by amniocentesis associated with confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 5 and fetal trisomy 21 in a pregnancy. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old woman underwent chorionic villus sampling (CVS) at 11 weeks of gestation because of maternal advanced age and an increased nuchal translucency of 4.0 mm in the first-trimester screening. CVS revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+21[98]/48,XY,+5,+21[25]. Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis on the DNA extracted from chorionic villi revealed arr (5) × 3, arr (21) × 3 compatible with double trisomy 5 and trisomy 21. The woman underwent amniocenteses at 20 weeks and 22 weeks of gestation. Amniocenteses revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+21. The parental karyotypes were normal. Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) on the DNA extracted from uncultured amniocytes showed trisomy 21 of maternal origin and maternal UPD 5. aCGH and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on uncultured amniocytes confirmed trisomy 21. Prenatal ultrasound findings were unremarkable. The parents decided to continue the pregnancy, and a 2,198-g male baby was delivered at 38 weeks of gestation with characteristic phenotype of Down syndrome of hypertelorism, epicanthic folds and hypoplastic middle phalanx of the fifth fingers. Cytogenetic analysis of cord blood, umbilical cord and placenta revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+21. QF-PCR analysis of the DNA extracted from placenta revealed double trisomy 5 and trisomy 21 with maternal gene dosage increase in chromosome 5 and chromosome 21. CONCLUSION: Prenatal diagnosis of CPM for trisomy 5 at CVS can be associated with UPD 5 in the fetus, and UPD 5 causes no specific phenotype.

13.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(6): 941-944, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of mosaicism for a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) derived from 2q11.1-q12.1 associated with fetal bilateral radial dysplasia. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation because of club hands on fetal ultrasound. The internal organs of the fetus were normal. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 47,XY,+mar [13]/46,XY [11]. The parental karyotypes were normal. Simultaneous array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis of the DNA extracted from uncultured amniocytes revealed the result of arr 2q11.1q12.1 (95,529,039-102,825,556) × 3.0 [GRCh37 (hg19)]. The pregnancy was terminated at 20 weeks of gestation, and a malformed fetus was delivered with isolated bilateral radial dysplasia. The cord blood had a karyotype of 47,XY,+mar[24]/46,XY[16]. Polymorphic DNA marker analysis of the DNAs extracted from umbilical cord and parental bloods excluded uniparental disomy for chromosome 2. Metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis confirmed an sSMC derived from chromosome 2q11.1-q12.1 in cultured amniocytes. CONCLUSION: High-level mosaicism for an sSMC derived from chromosome 2q11.1-q12.1 can be associated with fetal abnormalities.

14.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(11)2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184065

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic caused a healthcare crisis in China and continues to wreak havoc across the world. This paper evaluated COVID-19's impact on national and regional healthcare service utilisation and expenditure in China. METHODS: Using a big data approach, we collected data from 300 million bank card transactions to measure individual healthcare expenditure and utilisation in mainland China. Since the outbreak coincided with the 2020 Chinese Spring Festival holiday, a difference-in-difference (DID) method was employed to compare changes in healthcare utilisation before, during and after the Spring Festival in 2020 and 2019. We also tracked healthcare utilisation before, during and after the outbreak. RESULTS: Healthcare utilisation declined overall, especially during the post-festival period in 2020. Total healthcare expenditure and utilisation declined by 37.8% and 40.8%, respectively, while per capita expenditure increased by 3.3%. In a subgroup analysis, we found that the outbreak had a greater impact on healthcare utilisation in cities at higher risk of COVID-19, with stricter lockdown measures and those located in the western region. The DID results suggest that, compared with low-risk cities, the pandemic induced a 14.8%, 26.4% and 27.5% reduction in total healthcare expenditure in medium-risk and high-risk cities, and in cities located in Hubei province during the post-festival period in 2020 relative to 2019, an 8.6%, 15.9% and 24.4% reduction in utilisation services; and a 7.3% and 18.4% reduction in per capita expenditure in medium-risk and high-risk cities, respectively. By the last week of April 2020, as the outbreak came under control, healthcare utilisation gradually recovered, but only to 79.9%-89.3% of its pre-outbreak levels. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic had a significantly negative effect on healthcare utilisation in China, evident by a dramatic decline in healthcare expenditure. While the utilisation level has gradually increased post-outbreak, it has yet to return to normal levels.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias
16.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217076

RESUMO

Recent research has shown that premature ejaculation (PE) is associated with negative psychological effects (e.g., depression) and the decline of control over ejaculation is accompanied by structural and functional abnormalities in specific brain areas and connections. However, little is known about the alterations of topological organization in the brain network of patients with PE and its relationship with depressive symptom. We acquired diffusion tensor images, sexual function and depression assessment in 16 lifelong PE patients with depressive symptom, 16 lifelong PE patients without depression and 32 age- and education matched healthy controls (HC). The differences in nodal centrality and different hub regions among the three groups were compared. Correlation analyses were conducted between the nodal centrality of brain regions displaying significant group differences and the clinical parameters of PE patients. PE patients with depression had increased nodal degree in the right middle frontal gyrus (orbital part) (ORBmid.R) (survived FDR-correction) compared with HC and PE without depression. PE patients with depression also had increased nodal degree in the left and right posterior cingulate gyrus (PCG.L; PCG.R) compared with HC. In addition, PE with depression had increased nodal betweenness in ORBmid.R compared with HC and PE without depression. Moreover, PE with depression had decreased nodal participation in the right rolandic operculum (ROL.R), postcentral gyrus (PoCG.R) and supramarginal gyrus (SMG.R) compared with HC, and had decreased nodal participation in ROL.R and the right inferior parietal gyrus (IPL.R) compared with PE without depression, while PE without depression had increased nodal participation in the left precuneus (PCUN.L) compared with HC. The degree and betweenness of ORBmid.R were positively correlated with the total scores of Beck depression inventory (BDI) while the participation of IPL.R had a negative association with the total scores of BDI. Different hubs were found among PE patients with and without depression and HC based on nodal degree, betweenness and participation, however, no significant group differences were found in the frequency distribution of high-degree hubs, high-betweenness hubs, provincial hubs and connector hubs. These findings demonstrated that PE was a brain disorder with altered structural connectivity pattern of brain network and depressive symptom, which suggested that altered structural connectivities of the fronto-cingulate-parietal control network were core neurobiological features associated with PE and depression. Together, these alterations could prove helpful for understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms of PE in depression.

17.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165823

RESUMO

Hypertrophic scar (HS) is a severe skin disorder characterized by excessive extracellular matrix production and abnormal function of fibroblasts. Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in HS formation. This study aims to investigate the role of miR-3613-3p in the formation of HS. The mRNA and miRNA levels were measured by quantitative RT-PCR analysis. The protein levels were examined by Western blot assay. Cell proliferation was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 activities were measured using flow cytometry assay. Dual-luciferase activity reporter assay and mRNA-miRNA pulldown assay were conducted to validate the target of miR-3613-3p. miR-3613-3p was downregulated, while arginine and glutamate-rich 1 (ARGLU1) was upregulated in HS fibroblasts (HSFs) and tissues. Overexpression of miR-3613-3p or knockdown of ARGLU1 markedly inhibited the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) production-associated proteins and promoted Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 activations in HSFs. ARGLU1 was further identified as a direct target of miR-3613-3p. Restoration of ARGLU1 abrogated the suppressive effect of miR-3613-3p on cell proliferation and ECM protein expression of HSFs. Our results demonstrated that miR-3613-3p inhibited HS formation via targeting ARGLU1, which may provide potential therapeutic targets for the management of HS.

19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5950, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230138

RESUMO

TDP-43 inclusions are found in many Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients presenting faster disease progression and greater brain atrophy. Previously, we showed full-length TDP-43 forms spherical oligomers and perturbs amyloid-ß (Aß) fibrillization. To elucidate the role of TDP-43 in AD, here, we examined the effect of TDP-43 in Aß aggregation and the attributed toxicity in mouse models. We found TDP-43 inhibited Aß fibrillization at initial and oligomeric stages. Aß fibrillization was delayed specifically in the presence of N-terminal domain containing TDP-43 variants, while C-terminal TDP-43 was not essential for Aß interaction. TDP-43 significantly enhanced Aß's ability to impair long-term potentiation and, upon intrahippocampal injection, caused spatial memory deficit. Following injection to AD transgenic mice, TDP-43 induced inflammation, interacted with Aß, and exacerbated AD-like pathology. TDP-43 oligomers mostly colocalized with intracellular Aß in the brain of AD patients. We conclude that TDP-43 inhibits Aß fibrillization through its interaction with Aß and exacerbates AD pathology.

20.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 63(4): 581-586, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154309

RESUMO

Background: Although liquid-based cytology (LBC) has gained popularity among clinical laboratories, it is unclear whether it is equivalent to conventional smears for making a definite diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) suggests a definite diagnosis of PTC is preferred when there are at least one of three features (papillary architecture, psammomatous calcifications, and frequent pseudonuclear inclusions) plus other typical cytomorphological findings. This study evaluated whether an additional cell block (CB), prepared from the residual LBC material, could help improve the diagnosis of PTC. Materials and Methods: A total of 62 cases with both ThinPrep LBC and CB preparations and histopathological follow-up of PTC were retrieved between November 2016 and March 2019. The ThinPrep LBC and CB slides were reviewed separately to identify any papillary architecture, psammomatous calcifications, or pseudonuclear inclusions for diagnosing PTC. Results: Among the 51 cases with cytological diagnosis of PTC in the LBC+CB slides, the CB provided additional diagnostic information in 15 cases, which were initially diagnosed as suspicious for PTC based on the LBC slides alone. This information included papillary architecture (n=11), psammomatous calcification (n=1) and pseudonuclear inclusions (n=5). The number of specimens in the 51 cases containing at least one of the three features increased from 42 (LBC) to 51 (LBC+CB). The accuracy for diagnosing PTC increased from 58.1% for LBC alone to 82.3% for the LBC+CB examination. Conclusion: An adjunctive CB preparation may improve the LBC technique for diagnosing PTC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA