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1.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 32, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Yigan mingmu oral liquid (YGMM) is a herbal medicine based on a famous Chinese herbal formula that has been used for sore eyes for more than 400 years. Eye health is closely associated with the liver based on TCM. This study aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of YGMM against acute liver injury induced by alcohol in rats. METHODS: Experimental rats were administered with silymarin and YGMM through the gastric gavage during the entire experiment. Starting from the 11th day, the rats were administered orally with 14 ml/kg Red Star Erguotou Liquor, a popular brand, at 4 h after the dose of silymarin (100 mg/kg) and YGMM (1, 2.5 and 5 ml/kg in low, middle and high dosage group, respectively) once a day for 4 weeks except for the rats in the normal group. Biochemical parameters, including ALT, AST, TB, TG, T-SOD, GSH, and MDA were detected to evaluate the protective effect of YGMM. Pathological changes were observed through histopathological examination. RESULTS: Treatment with YGMM exhibited a significant protective effect by reversing the biochemical parameters (ALT, AST, TB, TG, and GSH) and histopathological changes. Histopathological examination by Oil Red O Staining Solution showed that lipid droplets were significantly reduced in the silymarin and YGMM groups (p < 0.001) when compared to alcohol group. CONCLUSIONS: YGMM exhibits a significant hepatoprotective activity against acute liver injury induced by alcohol in rats.

2.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to explore the association of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) with the severity and long-term prognosis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB)-related liver diseases. METHODS: 1482 treatment-naïve CHB patients without liver cirrhosis (LC), 485 CHB-related LC (CHB-LC) patients and 325 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. The median follow-up time for CHB-LC patients was 33.9 months. RESULTS: RDW was significantly higher in CHB-LC (15.0%) than CHB (12.7%) patients or HCs (12.5%). RDW was slightly higher in CHB patients than HCs (p < 0.001). Among CHB patients, the RDW of immune clearance and HBeAg negative hepatitis patients was significantly higher than immune-tolerant and low-replicative phase patients. RDW was positively correlated with Child-Turcotte-Pugh (r = 0.363; p < 0.001) and the model of end-stage liver disease scores (r = 0.218; p < 0.001). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of RDW in predicting one-year, three-year, five-year and global mortality rates were 0.696, 0.668, 0.628 and 0.660, respectively. Through multivariable Cox regression analysis, RDW (p = 0.048) was identified as an independent predictor of liver-related mortality. Over a median follow-up of 33.9 months, CHB-LC patients with RDW ≥ 15.1% had significantly higher liver-related mortality than RDW < 15.1% patients (18.8% vs. 8.6%; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: RDW is positively associated with the severity of CHB and can independently predict the long-term prognosis of CHB-LC patients.

3.
J Viral Hepat ; 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981279

RESUMO

Noninvasive tests (NITs) for liver fibrosis are highly needed for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. We aimed to investigate whether plateletcrit (PCT) could be used as a NIT in predicting liver fibrosis for CHB patients. Five hundred and sixty-seven treatment-naïve CHB patients with available liver biopsies were included. Patients were randomly divided into a derivation cohort (n = 378) and a validation cohort (n = 189). The diagnostic accuracy of PCT was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. In the derivation cohort, PCT in CHB patients with S2-S4 (0.14%), S3-S4 (0.13%) and S4 (0.12%) was lower than patients with S0-S1 (0.17%, P < .001), S0-S2 (0.17%, P < .001) and S0-S3 (0.16%, P < .001), respectively. PCT was an independent predictor of significant fibrosis (≥S2), advanced fibrosis (≥S3) and cirrhosis (S4). The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) of PCT in predicting significant fibrosis, advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis was 0.645, 0.709 and 0.714, respectively. The AUROC of PCT was higher than the aspartate transaminase to platelet ratio index (APRI) in identifying advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis, while this was comparable with APRI in identifying significant fibrosis. The diagnostic value of PCT was comparable with fibrosis-4 score (FIB-4) in predicting significant fibrosis, advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. In the validation cohort, PCT could also identify significant fibrosis, advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis with similar diagnostic accuracy as in the derivation cohort. PCT represents a simple and inexpensive indictor for liver fibrosis in CHB patients. PCT is just as good or better than other more complex tools for staging liver fibrosis in CHB patients.

4.
Theranostics ; 10(3): 1454-1478, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938074

RESUMO

Hair regeneration has long captured researchers' attention because alopecia is a common condition and current therapeutic approaches have significant limitations. Dermal papilla (DP) cells serve as a signaling center in hair follicles and regulate hair formation and cycling by paracrine secretion. Secreted EVs are important signaling mediators for intercellular communication, and DP-derived extracellular vesicles (DP-EVs) may play an important role in hair regeneration. However, the instability of EVs in vivo and their low long-term retention after transplantation hinder their use in clinical applications. Methods: Human DP-EVs were encapsulated in partially oxidized sodium alginate (OSA) hydrogels, yielding OSA-encapsulated EVs (OSA-EVs), which act as a sustained-release system to increase the potential therapeutic effect of DP-EVs. The ability of the OSA-EVs to protect protein was assessed. The hair regeneration capacity of OSA-EVs, as well as the underlying mechanism, was explored in hair organ culture and a mouse model of depilation. Results: The OSA-EVs were approximately 100 µm in diameter, and as the hydrogel degraded, DP-EVs were gradually released. In addition, the hydrogel markedly increased the stability of vesicular proteins and increased the retention of EVs in vitro and in vivo. The OSA-EVs significantly facilitated proliferation of hair matrix cells, prolonged anagen phase in cultured human hairs, and accelerated the regrowth of back hair in mice after depilation. These effects may be due to upregulation of hair growth-promoting signaling molecules such as Wnt3a and ß-catenin, and downregulation of inhibitory molecule BMP2. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that OSA hydrogels promote the therapeutic effects of DP-EVs, and indicate that our novel OSA-EVs could be used to treat alopecia.

5.
J Virol ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941770

RESUMO

Envelope glycoprotein (Env) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is an important target for the development of an HIV vaccine. Extensive glycosylation of Env is an important feature that both protects the virus from antibody responses and serves as a target for some highly potent broadly neutralizing antibodies. Therefore, analysis of glycans on recombinant Env proteins is highly significant. Here we present glycosylation profiles of recombinant gp120 proteins from four major clades of HIV-1 (A, B, C, and AE) produced either as research-grade material in 293 and CHO cells or as two independent lots of clinical material under GMP conditions. Almost all potential N-linked glycosylation sites were at least partially occupied in all proteins. The occupancy rates were largely consistent among proteins produced under different conditions, although a few sites showed substantial variability even between two GMP lots. Our data confirmed previous studies in the field showing high abundance of oligomannose on Env protein, with 40-50% of glycans having Man5-Man9 on all four proteins under all production conditions. Overall the differences in occupancy and glycan forms among Env from different subtypes produced under different conditions were less dramatic than anticipated and antigenicity analysis with a panel of six monoclonal antibodies showed that all four gp120s maintained their antibody-binding profiles, including antibodies that recognize glycan forms. Such findings have major implications to the final production of a clinical HIV vaccine including Env glycoprotein components.IMPORTANCE HIV-1 Env protein is a major target for the development of an HIV-1 vaccine. Env is covered with a large number of sugar-based glycan forms - about 50% of the Env molecular weight is composed of glycans. Glycan analysis of recombinant Env proteins is important to understand its roles in vial pathogenesis and immune responses. The current report presents the first extensive comparison of glycosylation patterns of recombinant gp120 proteins from four major clades of HIV-1 produced in two different cell lines, grown at either laboratory condition or at 50L GMP scale across different lots. Information learned in this study is valuable for the further design and production of HIV-1 Env proteins as the critical components of HIV-1 vaccine formulations.

6.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol ; 318(1): G189-G202, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760764

RESUMO

The capacity of the colon to absorb microbially produced amino acids (AAs) and the underlying mechanisms of AA transport are incompletely defined. We measured the profile of 16 fecal AAs along the rat ceco-colonic axis and compared unidirectional absorptive AA fluxes across mucosal tissues isolated from the rat jejunum, cecum, and proximal colon using an Ussing chamber approach, in conjunction with 1H-NMR and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry chemical analyses. Passage of stool from cecum to midcolon was associated with segment-specific changes in fecal AA composition and a decrease in total AA content. Simultaneous measurement of up to 16 AA fluxes under native luminal conditions, with correction for endogenous AA release, demonstrated absorptive transfer of AAs across the cecum and proximal colon at rates comparable (30-80%) to those across the jejunum, with significant Na+-dependent and H+-stimulated components. Expression profiling of 30 major AA transporter genes by quantitative PCR revealed comparatively high levels of transcripts for 20 AA transporters in the cecum and/or colon, with the levels of 12 exceeding those in the small intestine. Our results suggest a more detailed model of major apical and basolateral AA transporters in rat colonocytes and provide evidence for a previously unappreciated transfer of AAs across the colonic epithelium that could link the prodigious metabolic capacities of the luminal microbiota, the colonocytes, and the body tissues.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study provides evidence for a previously unappreciated transfer of microbially generated amino acids across the colonic epithelium under physiological conditions that could link the prodigious metabolic capacities of the luminal microbiota, the colonocytes, and the body tissues. The segment-specific expression of at least 20 amino acid transporter genes along the colon provides a detailed mechanistic basis for uniport, heteroexchange, Na+-cotransport, and H+-cotransport components of colonic amino acid absorption.

7.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status is associated with the progression of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The authors aimed to investigate the relationship between HBeAg status and liver pathology in CHB patients. METHODS: A total of 683 treatment-naive CHB patients who had undergone liver biopsy were retrospectively enrolled from 2 medical centers. Propensity score-matching (PSM) method was performed to adjust the imbalance of baseline confounders between HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB patients. RESULTS: HBeAg-negative CHB patients (n=338) exhibited more advanced liver fibrosis than HBeAg-positive CHB patients (n=345) before PSM (P<0.001). However, there were no significant differences in the distribution of inflammation grades between HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB patients (P=0.051). Of these 683 CHB patients, 123 patients were included in each group after PSM. HBeAg-negative CHB patients still showed significantly advanced liver fibrosis as compared with HBeAg-positive CHB patients (P=0.03) after PSM. Furthermore, the distribution of liver inflammation grades in the HBeAg-negative CHB patients was also more severe than patients with HBeAg-positive (P=0.037). HBeAg-negative status was identified as an independent risk factor of significant liver fibrosis (P=0.011) by multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: HBeAg negativity is associated with more advanced liver fibrosis in CHB patients.

8.
Virol Sin ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792738

RESUMO

Viruses evolve rapidly and continuously threaten animal health and economy, posing a great demand for rapid and efficient genome editing technologies to study virulence mechanism and develop effective vaccine. We present a highly efficient viral genome manipulation method using CRISPR-guided cytidine deaminase. We cloned pseudorabies virus genome into bacterial artificial chromosome, and used CRISPR-guided cytidine deaminase to directly convert cytidine (C) to uridine (U) to induce premature stop mutagenesis in viral genes. The editing efficiencies were 100%. Comprehensive bioinformatic analysis revealed that a large number of editable sites exist in pseudorabies virus (PRV) genomes. Notably, in our study viral genome exists as a plasmid in E. coli, suggesting that this method is virus species-independent. This application of base-editing provided an alternative approach to generate mutant virus and might accelerate study on virulence and vaccine development.

9.
Ann Plast Surg ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of medial sural vessels (MSVs) as recipient vessels to repair wounds in the lower limbs has been previously reported. However, there is controversy regarding the methods used to expose MSVs and the repairable area of the wound. METHODS: Eight fresh cadavers were used to determine the shape, outer diameter, and length of the MSVs arising from the popliteal vessels. Lower extremity wounds were repaired in 7 patients using free latissimus dorsi flaps with the MSVs as recipient vessels. The flap area ranged from 18 × 11 cm to 24 × 17 cm, and the postoperative follow-up time ranged from 7 to 60 months. RESULTS: The outer diameter of the medial sural artery from the starting point of the popliteal artery was 2.48 ± 0.24 mm. After descending 29.98 ± 4.62 mm, the vessels entered the muscle; the outer diameter of the blood vessel upon entry was 2.24 ± 0.17 mm. Notably, the outer diameter of the vessel was 1.88 ± 0.09 mm only 2 cm after entering the muscle. Seven cases were treated clinically. In 6 cases, we used an approach between the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle and the tibia to expose and anastomose the MSVs. In 1 case, the vascular diameter was mismatched. After surgery, the flap survived completely in 6 cases. The remaining case experienced epidermal necrosis in the distal part of the flap, which resolved spontaneously. There were no obvious complications. CONCLUSIONS: An approach between the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle and the tibia can easily expose and anastomose the MSVs in a lateral position. Latissimus dorsi flaps were useful in repairing limb wounds as far as the talocrural region with the MSVs as the recipient vessels.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), especially carbapenem-resistant KP (CRKP), results in high morbidity and mortality. AIMS: We aim to identify risk factors that associated with the mortality of patients with KP BSI, as well as predictors of developing CRKP BSI. RESULTS: In this retrospective cohort study, we examined 285 inpatients with BSI caused by KP in a tertiary hospital in China between 2014 and 2018, and 46 patients were infected with CRKP. We identified that hematological tumor (odds ratio (OR): 8.359, [95% CI: 2.162-33.721], P=0.002), CRKP isolation (OR: 7.766, [95% CI: 2.796-21.576], P=0.001), chronic lung disease (OR: 5.020, [95% CI: 1.275-19.768], P=0.020), and septic shock (OR: 4.591, [95% CI: 1.686-12.496], P=0.003) were independent risk factors for the death of KP BSI. A 28-day mortality of KP BSI score ranging from 0 to 22 was developed based on the above 4 independent variables. Our scoring system revealed that the 28-day mortality were 9.14%, 35.29%, 38.10 %, 75% and 100% for carriers with a score of 0, 5, 6-10, 11-13 and ≥14, respectively. Additionally, CRKP infection were independently associated with intensive care unit stay (OR: 5.506, [95% CI: 2.258-13.424], P=0.001), exposure to antifungals (OR: 4.679, [95% CI: 2.065-10.063], P=0.001), exposure to fluoroquinolones (OR: 2.892, [95% CI: 1.151-7.267], P=0.020), and the number of isolated bacterial species from the patient ≥ 3 (OR: 2.414, [95% CI: 1.306-4.463], P=0.005). CONCLUSION: Our study may be useful for the reduction of the mortality of patients with KP BSI and the prevention of developing CRKP BSI in hospitals.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121878, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882340

RESUMO

Fe-Al2O3 composites with different carbon contents were prepared by reactive sintering from high sulfur iron concentrate, bauxite, Al2O3 powder mixture. The effects of different carbon contents on emission form of sulfur were studied. The thermo gravimetric-infrared radiation results showed there were no gaseous compounds containing sulfur discharged during the sintering except CO2 and H2O. It is indicated that sulfur precipitates around the metal phase in the form of sulfide by the phases and microstructures analysis. And with an increase in carbon contents, sulfide gradually transformed from FeS to MnS. The mechanical properties and acid resistance of materials can be improved by MnS rather than FeS. Samples with higher carbon content had optimal physical and chemical properties with bending strength of 295 MPa, hardness of 13.0 GPa, acid resistance of 94.89 % and alkali-resistance of 98.45 %. This study provides a novel cleaner method for the high sulfur iron concentrate that avoids the emission of sulfur-containing substances while ensuring the performance of the composite.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873976

RESUMO

The traditional luminol-H2 O2 electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensing platform suffers from self-decomposition of H2 O2 at room temperature, hampering its application for quantitative analysis. In this work, for the first time we employ iron single-atom catalysts (Fe-N-C SACs) as an advanced co-reactant accelerator to directly reduce the dissolved oxygen (O2 ) to reactive oxygen species (ROS). Owing to the unique electronic structure and catalytic activity of Fe-N-C SACs, large amounts of ROS are efficiently produced, which then react with the luminol anion radical and significantly amplify the luminol ECL emission. Under the optimum conditions, a Fe-N-C SACs-luminol ECL sensor for antioxidant capacity measurement was developed with a good linear range from 0.8 µm to 1.0 mm of Trolox.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(46): 22931-22937, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666329

RESUMO

Noisy matrix completion aims at estimating a low-rank matrix given only partial and corrupted entries. Despite remarkable progress in designing efficient estimation algorithms, it remains largely unclear how to assess the uncertainty of the obtained estimates and how to perform efficient statistical inference on the unknown matrix (e.g., constructing a valid and short confidence interval for an unseen entry). This paper takes a substantial step toward addressing such tasks. We develop a simple procedure to compensate for the bias of the widely used convex and nonconvex estimators. The resulting debiased estimators admit nearly precise nonasymptotic distributional characterizations, which in turn enable optimal construction of confidence intervals/regions for, say, the missing entries and the low-rank factors. Our inferential procedures do not require sample splitting, thus avoiding unnecessary loss of data efficiency. As a byproduct, we obtain a sharp characterization of the estimation accuracy of our debiased estimators in both rate and constant. Our debiased estimators are tractable algorithms that provably achieve full statistical efficiency.

14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 3227-3239, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686873

RESUMO

Background and purpose: To reduce the resistance and allergic reaction to chlorhexidine acetate (CHA) in the current treatment of (Bacterial vaginosis) BV and (vulvovaginal candidiasis) VVC in female vaginitis. In this study, the antimicrobial activities and mechanism of action of the synergistic effects of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) HPRP-A1 and HPRP-A2, and CHA, against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, and one fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans) were investigated in vitro and in mouse and rat vaginitis infection models in vivo. Results: HPRP-A1, HPRP-A2 and CHA showed significant synergistic effects on the antimicrobial activities against different Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and C. albicans. The combined application of HPRP-A2 and CHA exhibited strong synergistic effects in the mouse and rat vaginitis models caused by bacteria or C. albicans. Conclusion: This study may prompt the development of new drug combinations against vaginitis infections, including mixed bacterial and fungal infections and multi-drug-resistant infections.

15.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(22)2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698790

RESUMO

6A01-T5 aluminum alloy and SUS301L-DLT austenitic stainless steel sheets were welded by a laser-cold metal transfer (CMT) hybrid welding-brazing method with ER5183 filler wire. We researched the weld forming, intermetallic compounds, and mechanical character, which are influenced by laser power, wire feeding speed, and welding speed. Well-formed joints with uniformly distributed interface layers were obtained under certain parameters. The spreading and wetting distance on the steel upper surface increased initially and then decreased as the laser power increased, and increased progressively as the wire feeding speed increased or welding speed decreased. There were both Fe2Al5 and Fe4Al13 in the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) layer. The thickness was controlled to within 2.0-6.9 µm. The thickness of the IMCs layer increased as the heat input increased; however, the increasing rate decreased gradually. The tensile strength of the joints was not only completely dependent on the thickness of the IMCs, but also on the spreading and wetting distance on the steel surface. The highest tensile strength could reach up to 188.7 MPa, which is about 77.1% of that of the base aluminum alloy. The tensile sample fracture occurred at the IMCs layer, and regional metallurgical bonding happened in the interface layer.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(46): 43573-43580, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702884

RESUMO

Interfacial fracture and delamination of polymer interfaces can play a critical role in a wide range of applications, including fiber-reinforced composites, flexible electronics, and encapsulation layers for photovoltaics. However, owing to the low surface energy of many thermoplastics, adhesion to dissimilar material surfaces remains a critical challenge. In this work, we demonstrate that surface treatments using atomic layer deposition (ALD) on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) lead to significant increases in surface energy, without affecting the bulk mechanical response of the thermoplastic. After ALD film growth, the interfacial toughness of the PMMA-epoxy and FEP-epoxy interfaces increased by factors of up to 7 and 60, respectively. These results demonstrate the ability of ALD to engineer the adhesive properties of chemically inert surfaces. However, in the present case, the interfacial toughness was observed to decrease significantly with an increase in humidity. This was attributed to the phenomenon of stress-corrosion cracking associated with the reaction between Al2O3 and water and might have a significant implication for the design of these tailored interfaces.

17.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0223738, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703065

RESUMO

The apoptosis-inducing peptide kla (KLAKLAK)2 possesses the ability to disrupt mitochondrial membranes and induce cancer cell apoptosis, but this peptide has a poor eukaryotic cell-penetrating potential. Thus, it requires the assistance of other peptides for effective translocation at micromolar concentrations. In this study, breast and lung cancer cells were treated by kla peptide co-administrated with membrane-active anticancer peptide HPRP-A1. HPRP-A1 assisted kla to enter cancer cells and localized on mitochondrial membranes to result in cytochrome C releasing and mitochondrial depolarization which ultimately induced apoptosis.The apoptosis rate was up to 65%and 45% on MCF-7 and A549 cell lines, respectively, induced by HPRP-A1 coadministration with kla group. The breast cancer model was constructed in mice, and the anticancer peptides were injected to observe the changes in cancer volume, andimmunohistochemical analysis was performed on the tissues and organs after the drug was administered. Both the weight and volume of tumor tissue were remarkable lower in HPRP-A1 with kla group compared with thosepeptidealonggroups. The results showed that the combined drug group effectively inhibited the growth of cancer and did not cause toxic damage to normal tissues, as well as exhibited significantly improvement on peptide anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo.

18.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(20)2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614445

RESUMO

Laser-CMT (Cold Metal Transfer) and plasma-CMT hybrid welding are two promising alternative joining technologies for traditional Metal-Inert-Gas (MIG) welding of the aluminum alloy joints in the high speed trains manufacturing industry. In this work, a comparative study on the weld formation, microstructure, micro-hardness, and mechanical properties of the butt joints in the two welding methods was conducted. The results indicate that the overall quality of the laser-CMT and plasma-CMT welds were good, especially of the laser-CMT hybrid weld, and the laser-CMT hybrid welding process needed a lower heat input. The width of the partially melted zone of the laser-CMT hybrid weld was narrower than that in the plasma-CMT hybrid weld. Micro-hardness test results show that two distinct softening regions were identified in the heat affected zone, and the micro-hardness values of each zone in the laser-CMT hybrid weld were lower than that in the plasma-CMT hybrid weld. The tensile strength of the laser-CMT hybrid welded joints was higher than that of the plasma-CMT hybrid welded joints, which could reach up to 79.4% and 73.7% of the base materials, respectively. All the fractures occurred in the softening region and exhibited a ductile shear fracture with a shear angle of approximately 45°. The fractographs manifested that the laser-CMT and plasma-CMT hybrid welded joints presented ductile fracture and ductile-brittle fracture features, respectively.

19.
Chin J Integr Med ; 25(9): 648-653, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650485

RESUMO

As an interdisciplinary subject of medicine and artificial intelligence, intelligent diagnosis and treatment has received extensive attention. The standardization of Chinese medicine (CM) diagnosis has been always a bottleneck in the modernization and globalization of CM. Studying the application technology of artificial intelligence in CM and solving the problems is an urgent need for the development of modern CM in the era of artificial intelligence. Taking the pneumonia with dyspnea and cough in CM as an example, this article gives an overview of intelligent medical technology and application development, brings forward the present technical problems faced and the new advances in intelligent technology on CM diagnosis and treatment.

20.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 33(12): e22411, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621980

RESUMO

To date, microRNA-4709 (miR-4709) has not been studied in colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) on the basis of experiments. In our study, we aimed to investigate the biological roles and clinical significance of miR-4709 in COAD. The expression difference between miR-4709 and NR3C2 was measured based on The Cancer Genome Atlas database and cells. Kaplan-Meier and logrank tests were applied to determine the overall survival (OS) differences according to the miR-4709 and NR3C2 expression levels. To measure whether the miR-4709 level was associated with COAD cell growth, migration, and invasion, we respectively conducted 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, wound healing, and transwell assays. A luciferase reporter assay was applied to confirm the relationship between miR-4709 and its predicted target. High expression of miR-4709 was found in COAD tissues and cells. The OS rate in the miR-4709 low expression group was significantly higher than that in the miR-4709 high expression group. Univariate and multivariate analyses exhibited that miR-4709 expression was an independent adverse prognostic factor. Exogenous miR-4709 overexpression promoted proliferation, migration, and invasion of LOVO and SW480 cells. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase assay demonstrated that miR-4709 directly binds to the 3'-untranslated region of NR3C2. NR3C2 was lowly expressed in COAD and high expression of NR3C2 had a better prognosis compared with that in the low expression of NR3C2. Correlation analysis showed that there is a close association between the level of expression of NR3C2 and miR-4709. Accordingly, miR-4709 may function as an oncogene in COAD and provide a preclinical proof for candidate management to target new miR-4709-NR3C2 signaling for COAD therapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/metabolismo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Antagomirs , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Invasividade Neoplásica , Oncogenes , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transfecção
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