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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488268

RESUMO

Objective: To investigation the situation of occupational noise exposure and hearing loss among workers in automobile manufacturing enterprise during 2017-2019 in Wuhan. Methods: Workers in automobile manufacturing who underwent physical examination in Wuhan Hospital for the Prevention and Treatment of Occupational Diseases from 2017 to 2019 were included as subjects in the cross-sectional survey. Questionnaire survey, noise detection and pure tone threshold test were used. Excluding individuals with working time less than 3 years and information deficiency, 3 948 individuals were finally included in the study. Results: Among 3 948 workers, 128 workers had hearing loss and the rate of hearing loss was 3.24%, among which 101 workers had high-frequency hearing loss and 27 workers were diagnosed as occupational noise deafness. The prevalence of hearing loss among workers previously exposed to noise was significantly higher than that without prior exposure (12.10%, 0.96%, P<0.05) . The prevalence of hearing loss among workers with occupational noise exposure <80 dB (A) , 80~<85 dB (A) and ≥85 dB (A) was 1.83%, 2.69% and 5.09%, respectively. The prevalence of high frequency hearing loss was 1.60%, 2.05% and 3.71%, respectively. The prevalence of occupational noise deafness was 0.23%, 0.64% and 1.38%, respectively. The prevalence of hearing loss and high frequency hearing loss among workers exposed to different occupational noise was statistically significant (P<0.05) , while the prevalence of occupational noise deafness was not statistically significant (P>0.05) . There were statistically significant differences in the prevalence of hearing loss (2.88%, 4.45%) and occupational noise deafness (0.46%, 1.41%) between those who used protective equipment and those who did not (P<0.05) . Compared with workers exposed to occupational noise <80 dB (A) , workers exposed to occupational noise ≥85 dB (A) had A 3.16-fold increased risk of hearing loss (OR=3.16, 95%CI: 1.44~6.95, P<0.05) . Compared to workers using hearing protective equipment, the risk of hearing loss (OR=1.96, 95%CI: 1.25~3.06, P<0.05) and occupational noise deafness (OR=3.46, 95%CI: 1.51-7.96, P<0.05) significantly increased among those without using hearing protective equipment. Conclusion: The risk of hearing loss in automobile manufacturing workers is significantly associated with occupational noise exposure and the use of hearing protective equipment. Good hearing protection may reduce the risk of occupational noise-induced hearing loss and occupational noise deafness.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Automóveis , Estudos Transversais , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/etiologia , Humanos , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(11): 6288-6298, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HULC in promoting angiogenesis after myocardial infarction (MI) and to further investigate its possible mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into two groups, namely, operation group and control group. The rats in the operation group were induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery, while those in control group received the same surgery without ligating the blood vessels. Seven days after the operation, the myocardial tissues of rats were collected to detect HULC expression by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). At the same time, the expression of HULC in primary myocardial cells and cardiac microvascular endothelial cells were induced by hypoxia. A hypoxia model was constructed in HUVEC cells, and the effects of HULC were explored by RT-PCR, Western blot Technology (WB), Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay, EdU staining, Tube-like structure formation experiments. Thereafter, HULC downstream miRNAs were verified by Luciferase, pull-down, and RNA IP experiments. Similarly, the effects of miR-29b on HUVEC were verified by RT-PCR, WB, CCK8 assay, EdU staining, and tube-like structure formation experiments, respectively. RESULTS: RT-PCR detection results showed that the expression of HULC in myocardial tissues was down-regulated after MI, and the expression of HULC in cardiac microvascular endothelial cells was decreased under hypoxia-induced inflammation. In addition, the overexpression of HULC in HUVEC cells could inhibit the expressions of inflammatory factors (IL-1, IL-6 and IL-8) and promote angiogenesis (increased cell viability, increased tube-like structure formation, and increased cell proliferation). Through Dual-Luciferase reporter gene experiments, it was found that HULC could directly target miR-29b. At the same time, miR-29 overexpression significantly reversed the effects of HULC on cell viability, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and angiogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA HULC protects HUVEC cells from hypoxia-induced inflammation damage by interacting with miR-29b and inhibiting its expression, and it can also promote angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo , Inflamação/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954386

RESUMO

Objective: The consistency of 24-hour oropharyngeal Dx-pH monitoring and proton pump inhibitor(PPI) test in the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) was investigated. Methods: Sixty patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) related symptoms who had never received PPI treatment were assessed by reflux symptom index (RSI) and reflux finding score (RFS) between October 2017 and October 2018, including 28 males and 38 females, aged from 16 to 72 years, with a medium age of 38 years. Prior to treatment, all patients were evaluated with 24 hours oropharyngeal Dx-pH monitoring(Restech). After empiric therapy with PPI twice-daily for 8 weeks, the efficacy was evaluated according to posttreatment RSI score.The data was analysed with Kruskal-Wallis test, Student Newman Keuls test and consistency check. Results: (1)Among all 60 patients,13 patients (21.7%) had pathologic Ryan score and all resulted responsive to PPI;27 patients (45.0%) with a negative Ryan score were unresponsive to PPI; 20 patients (33.3%) despite a negative Ryan score resulted responsive to PPI therapy. Considering responsiveness to PPI therapy as the gold standard for the diagnosis of LPRD, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of Ryan score were 39.4%, 100%, 100% and 57.4% respectively. The Kappa value was 0.369 (P<0.01). (2)Among 34 patients (56.7%) with positive Dx-pH results (24-hour oropharyngeal acid reflux events≥ 3 times), 29 patients were positive and 5 patients were negative in PPI test. Among 26 patients with negative Dx-pH results (24-hour oropharyngeal acid reflux events<3 times), 4 patients were positive and 22 patients were negative in PPI test. Considering responsiveness to PPI therapy as the gold standard for the diagnosis of LPRD, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 24-hour oropharyngeal acid reflux events were 87.9%, 81.5%, 85.3% and 84.6% respectively. The Kappa value was 0.696(P<0.01). Conclusions: There is a positive correlation between 24-hour oropharyngeal Dx-pH monitoring positive results (24-hour oropharyngeal acid reflux events≥3 times) and PPI test in the diagnosis of LPRD. The 24-hour oropharyngeal Dx-pH monitoring can be a promising tool for the diagnosis of suspected LPRD patients, and more sensitive and accurate Dx-pH diagnostic index will be required in the clinic.


Assuntos
Monitoramento do pH Esofágico/métodos , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(31): 2459-2462, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434428

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the early warning informations of severepre-eclampsia before onset. Methods: The study was an observational case-control study. The study group consisted of 77 single-pregnancy preeclampsia pregnant women and the control group took 154 normal cases who were delivered to Tianjin Fifth Central Hospital (Peking University binhai Hospital) from January 2014 to December 2017 in the perinatal care referral system in Tianjin. To analyze changes in clinical indicators before the onset of severe pre-eclampsia with statistical methods. Results: Prehypertension, weight gain>0.85 kg/week, fetal growth restriction, edema and decline of plasma albumin, thrombocytopenia, poor compliance, perinatal examinations and examinations in tertiary hospitals were associated with severe pre-eclampsia (P<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the risk factors of severe preeclampsia were pre-hypertension, weight gain>0.85 kg/week, edema, thrombocytopeniaand poor compliance. The increase in the number of prenatal examinations in tertiary hospitals was a protective factor for severe preeclampsia. Conclusion: Prehypertension, weight gain during pregnancy (>0.85 kg/week), edema, thrombocytopenia, and poor compliance were warning informations of severe pre-eclampsia, and the increased number of prenatal examinations in tertiary hospitals was a protective factor for severe pre-eclampsia.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Edema , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Humanos , Gravidez , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 36(10): 764-767, 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30541200

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of neck and shoulder pain (NSP) among automobile manufacturing workers and to provide a theoretical basis for prevention of NSP. Methods: From November 5 to November 19, 2017, a total 446 works who had worked for more than one year were recruited from an automobile plant by cluster sampling method. Chi square test and unconditional logistic regression were used to exam the relation between influencing factors and NSP. Results: The annual prevalence rate of NSP was 34.8%. Multifactor regression analysis showed that age、work fatigue、department staff shortages、lifting heavy objects in awkward positions、neck flexion foreword and prolong sitting position work were the risk factors of NSP (OR=2.18, 95%CI:1.49~3.18; OR=4.52, 95%CI:1.27~16.00; OR=1.66, 95%CI:1.04~26.68; OR=2.10, 95%CI:1.16~3.81; OR=2.25, 95%CI:1.39~3.66; OR=2.42, 95%CI:1.06~5.56) and work break was the benefit factors of NSP (OR=0.58, 95%CI:0.36~0.94) . Conclusion: The annual prevalence rate of NSP among automobile manufacturing workers was high. Lifing heavy objects、awkward working positions and unreasonable work arrangement were the major risk factors of NSP, and work break can effectively reduce the risk of NSP. Effective ergonomic intervention should be carried out to prevent the occurrence of NSP.


Assuntos
Instalações Industriais e de Manufatura , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia , Automóveis , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(11): 1438-1442, 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462950

RESUMO

Objective: To know the situation of extramarital sexual behaviors and HIV infection in middle-aged and elderly people in Chongqing, and provide reference for AIDS prevention and treatment. Methods: From October to December 2017, a multi-stage sampling method was used to recruit middleaged and elderly people aged ≥50 years who lived in Dazu and Hechuan districts of Chongqing for at least one year, with a sample size of 410. Face-to-face questionnaires survey and HIV antibody test were conducted. Results: A total of 408 people were surveyed, including 313 males and 95 females aged 50-88 (64.93±9.03) years. The HIV infection rate was 1.47% (6/408), with the rate of 1.28% (4/313) in males and 2.11% (2/95) in females. The awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge was 37.50% (153/408). And 18.87% (77/408) of subjects surveyed reported extramarital sexual behaviors, 7.60% (31/408) reported extramarital sexual behaviors in the past half year, the constant condom use rate was 19.35% (6/31). The results of multivariate logistics model analysis on extramarital sexual behaviors showed that the prevalence in males were 39.51 times higher than that in females (OR=39.51, 95%CI: 5.03-310.30), 4.60 times higher in those who were unmarried, divorced or widowed than that in the married or cohabitants (OR=4.60, 95%CI: 1.50-14.05), 2.03 times higher in those with outside activities than those with individual activities (OR=2.03, 95%CI: 1.08-3.81) and 3.94 times higher in those with self-evaluation of emptiness of living state than that in those with engaged life (OR=3.94, 95%CI: 1.86-8.36). Conclusions: The prevalence of extramarital sexual behavior in middle-aged and elderly people in some counties and districts in Chongqing is high. The factors such as gender, marital status, leisure activities, and self-evaluation of living state were related to the prevalence of extramarital sexual behaviors in this population. The condom use rate in extramarital sexual behavior was low. It is necessary to take effective interventions in this population.


Assuntos
Relações Extramatrimoniais , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sexual , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Preservativos , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(10): 762-766, 2018 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347564

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the tear film function of diabetic patients using the Keratograph 5M and to analyze its related factors. Methods: Case-control study. A total of 89 inpatients (174 eyes) diagnosed with diabetes in the Department of Endocrinology at our hospital were recruited. According to the fundus fluorescein angiography results, subjects were divided into two groups, diabetic retinopathy (DR) group and none-DR group. All subjects were examined for duration of diabetes, glycosylated hemoglobin, creatinine, 24-hour urinary protein, and 24-hour urinary microalbumin/urinary creatinine, and by electromyography. The Keratograph 5M was used to obtain the first and average tear film break-up time (BUTf and BUTav), tear meniscus height, the upper and lower meibomian gland loss scores. The data were analyzed by SPSS. Results: Compared to the non-DR group, the BUTf and the BUTav in the DR group were shorter [(8.42±4.71) s vs. (10.24±5.32) s, (11.20±5.25) s vs. (12.67±5.52) s; P=0.000]. There was no significant difference in the tear meniscus height between the three groups (P=0.067). The tear meniscus height were negatively related with glycosylated hemoglobin, and not related with duration of diabetes, 24-hour urinary microalbumin/urinary creatinine, creatinine, 24-h urinary protein, and electromyography results. As the duration of diabetic longer, the upper and lower meibomian gland loss scores added(Z=19.514, 15.342, P<0.05). Patients with EMG abnormal, the lower meibomian gland loss scores added(Z=-2.312, P<0.05). Conclusions: The Keratograph 5M can directly evaluate the tear film condition of diabetic patients.Diabetic patients with retinopathy and higher glycosylated hemoglobin tend to suffer tear film dysfunction. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2018, 54:762-766).


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , Humanos , Glândulas Tarsais , Lágrimas
10.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 89(5): 055108, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29864811

RESUMO

To improve the rate of penetration (ROP) in hard formations, a new high-speed drilling technique called Coiled Tubing Partial Underbalanced Drilling (CT-PUBD) is proposed. This method uses a rotary packer to realize an underbalanced condition near the bit by creating a micro-annulus and an overbalanced condition at the main part of the annulus. A new full-scale laboratory experimental system is designed and set up to study the hydraulic characteristics and drilling performance of this method. The system is composed of a drilling system, circulation system, and monitor system, including three key devices, namely, cuttings discharge device, rotary packer, and backflow device. The experimental results showed that the pressure loss increased linearly with the flow rate of the drilling fluid. The high drilling speed of CT-PUBD proved it a better drilling method than the conventional drilling. The experimental system may provide a fundamental basis for the research of CT-PUBD, and the results proved that this new method is feasible in enhancing ROP and guaranteeing the drilling safety.

11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 322-328, 2018 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609247

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence of major human parasitic diseases and related factors in Henan province. Methods: This stratified sampling survey was carried out according to the requirement of national survey protocol of major human parasitic diseases, 2014-2015. The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths infection, taeniasis and intestinal protozoiasis were surveyed in 104 sites selected from 35 counties (districts) and the prevalence of clonorchiasis was surveyed in 62 sites selected from 37 townships. In each survey spot, 250 persons were surveyed. A total of 26 866 persons and 15 893 persons were surveyed. Modified Kato-Katz thick smear was used to detect the eggs of intestinal helminthes. Tube fecal culture was used to identify the species of hookworm. The Enterobius eggs were detected in children aged 3 to 6 years by using adhesive tape. The cyst and trophozoite of intestinal protozoa were examined with physiological saline direct smear method and iodine stain method. Results: The overall infestation rate of intestinal parasites was2.02% in Henan, and the worm infection rate was higher than protozoa infection rate. Fourteen kinds of intestinal parasites were found, including nematode (5 species), trematode (2 species), and protozoan (7 species). The infection rate of Enterobius vermicularis was highest, and Qinba Mountain ecological area had the highest infestation rate of intestinal parasites in 4 ecological areas of Henan. There was no significant difference in intestinal parasite infection rate between males and females (χ(2)=3.630, P=0.057), and the differences in intestinal parasite infection rate among different age groups had significance (χ(2)=124.783, P=0.000 1). The infection rate reached the peak in age group ≤9 years and the major parasite was Enterobius vermicularis. Furthermore the overall human infection rate of parasite showed a downward trend with the increase of educational level of the people (χ(2)=70.969, P=0.000 1), the differences had significance (χ(2)=120.118, P=0.000 1). For different populations, the infection rate of intestinal parasites was highest among preschool children. The infection of intestinal helminth was mainly mild, only 2 severe cases were detected. The infection rate of Clonorchis sinensis in urban residents was only 0.006%. Logistic regression analysis showed that being preschool children (χ(2)=15.765, P=0.000 1) and drinking well water (χ(2)=45.589, P=0.000 1) were the risk factors for intestinal parasite infection, and annual income per capita of farmers was the protective factor against intestinal parasite infection. The infection rates of protozoa and intestinal parasites decreased sharply compared with the results of previous two surveys, and the rate of intestinal helminth infection also dropped sharply compared with the second survey. The numbers of protozoa, helminth and intestinal parasites detected in this survey were all less than the numbers found in the previous two surveys. Conclusions: Compared the results of three surveys in Henan, the infection rate of protozoa and intestinal parasites showed a downward trend. The prevention and treatment of Enterobius vermicularis infection in children should be the key point of parasitic disease control in the future.


Assuntos
Fezes/parasitologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/etnologia , Infecções por Trematódeos/etnologia , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Clonorquíase/epidemiologia , Fazendeiros , Feminino , Helmintíase/epidemiologia , Helmintos , Humanos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Microbiologia do Solo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Teníase/epidemiologia , Infecções por Trematódeos/parasitologia , População Urbana , Poços de Água
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699017

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the reproductive health status of female workers in petrochemical industry, and to provide a reference for improving reproductive health status and developing preventive and control measures for female workers in petrochemical industry. Methods: A face-to-face questionnaire survey was performed from January to October, 2016. The Questionnaire on Women's Reproductive Health was used to investigate the reproductive health of female workers in petrochemical industry. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the influencing factors for reproductive health of female workers in petrochemical industry. Results: Among the 7485 female workers, 1 268 (40.9%) had abnormal menstrual period, 1 437 (46.4%) had abnormal menstrual volume, 177 (28.5%) had hyperplasia of mammary glands, and 1 807 (24.6%) had gynecological inflammation. The reproductive system diseases in female workers in petrochemical industry were associated with the factors including age, marital status, education level, unhealthy living habits, abortion, overtime work, work shift, workload, video operation, occupational exposure, positive events, and negative events, and among these factors, negative events (odds ratio[OR]= 1.856) , unhealthy living habits (OR=1.542) , and positive events (OR=1.516) had greater impact on reproductive system diseases. Conclusion: Many chemical substances in the occupational environment of petrochemical industry can cause damage to the reproductive system, which not only affects the health of the female workers, but also poses potential threats to the health of their offspring. Occupational exposure, unhealthy living habits, overtime work, and work shift have great influence on reproductive system diseases in female workers.


Assuntos
Indústria Química , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Petróleo/toxicidade , Saúde Reprodutiva , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 30(5): 759-765, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29121483

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) and arginine (ARG) supplementation improves reproductive performance in livestock. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of NCG and ARG on GT1-7 cell gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion, gene expression and cell proliferation. GT1-7 cells were treated in vitro with different concentrations of NCG (0-1.0mM) or ARG (0-4.0mM) in serum-free medium for 12 or 24h. For GnRH secretion and cell proliferation, GT1-7 cells were more sensitive to NCG than ARG. NCG treatment after 12h increased cell numbers and inhibited GnRH secretion in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05), although there was no significant effect of NCG on these parameters after 24h culture. ARG treatment decreased GnRH secretion after 24h (P<0.05), whereas it had no effect after 12h. GT1-7 cells express GnRH, Kiss-1 metastasis-suppressor (Kiss1), G-protein coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and estrogen receptor α (ERα) genes. High concentrations of NCG (1.0mM) and ARG (4.0mM) inhibited (P<0.05) GnRH and nNOS mRNA abundance in GT1-7 cells. ARG treatment decreased Kiss1 and increased ERα mRNA abundance. Thus, high concentrations of NCG (1.0mM) and ARG (4.0mM) may act both directly and indirectly to regulate GnRH neuron function by downregulating genes related to GnRH synthesis and secretion to slow GnRH production while stimulating GT1-7 cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Arginina/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutamatos/farmacologia , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/genética , Kisspeptinas/genética , Kisspeptinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Receptores de Kisspeptina-1/genética , Receptores de Kisspeptina-1/metabolismo
14.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(5): 294-299, 2017 May 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28482445

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in submandibular gland of diabetic mice and to investigate the influence of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) on PCNA expression and its possible mechanism. Methods: Sixteen db/db diabetic male mice were randomly divided into diabetic group and diabetic-FGF-1 group (n=8). Eight age-matched db/m mice served as a control group. After FGF-1 was administered intraperitoneally to diabetic-FGF-1 group continuously for 16 weeks, blood glucose and body weight of each mouse in the three groups were detected at 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 weeks. Then the flow rate of saliva in three groups was compared at 0, 8, 16 weeks. At 16 week, bilateral submandibular glands were resected. Then HE staining was performed to observe the histological morphology of submandibular gland and PCNA expression was examined by immunohistochemical staining. Results: Four weeks after administration, the blood glucose in diabetic-FGF-1 group decreased markedly, close to the control group (P>0.05). Weight loss in diabetic-FGF-1 group was noticeable at 8 weeks after administration, but still higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The flow rate of saliva in diabetic-FGF-1 group increased gradually after administration, which was higher at 8, 16 weeks ([260.1±43.3], [308.5±34.0] mg·min(-1)·kg(-1)) respectively than that in the diabetic group at the same time point ([181.8±37.5], [194.9±49.8] mg·min(-1)·kg(-1)) (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, submandibular glands in diabetic group significantly atrophied and the glandular atrophy in diabetic-FGF-1 group was alleviated. The submandibular gland index in the control group, diabetic group and diabetic-FGF-1 group were (7.45±0.63), (2.23±0.26), (3.97±0.15) mg/g, respectively (P<0.05). HE staining showed that the histological morphology of submandibular gland in diabetic-FGF-1 group was clearer, and acinar and ductal atrophy were less significant than diabetic group. Immunohistochemistry showed that the rate of PCNA-positive cells in the control group, diabetic group and diabetic-FGF-1 group were (45.23±7.78)%, (11.50±1.69)%, (36.98±6.53)% respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: FGF-1 can up-regulate the expression of PCNA in submandibular gland of diabetic mice. This effect may be one of the important mechanisms of FGF-1 reversing the structural atrophy and dysfunction of submandibular gland caused by diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Glândula Submandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Camundongos , Distribuição Aleatória , Saliva/metabolismo , Salivação/efeitos dos fármacos , Salivação/fisiologia , Glândula Submandibular/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 39(3): 202-206, 2017 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28316220

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the differences between the social support for breast cancer patients and healthy female, and to explore the correlation between social support and quality of life (QOL) in the patients. Methods: From January 2013 to December 2014, 101 patients with operable breast cancer treated at Xinyu City People's Hospital were recruited as the experimental group. They completed questionnaires in the preoperative, postoperative chemoradiotherapy and rehabilitation periods, respectively.101 healthy female volunteers recruited from the community were included as control group, whose age and level of education were matched with those of the experimental group.The general questionnaire including basic information, disease conditions and other projects, perceived social support scale (PSSS), quality of life of breast cancer patients (FACT-B) were applied to evaluate the general situation, social support and QOL of the subjects. The differences in PSSS scores between the experimental and control groups were compared. The correlation between PSSS score and FACT-B score in the experimental group was analyzed. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The general situations of the experimental and control groups were comparable (all P>0.05). The rates of the total social support score ≥50 in the experimental and control groups were not significantly different (93.6% vs. 94.7%, P=0.067). Compared with that of the control group (23.2±4.8), the scores of family support in the experimental group in preoperative, postoperative chemoradiotherapy and rehabilitation periods were statistically higher (25.6±3.2, 24.2±4.2 and 24.0±3.4, respectively, P=0.034). The social support scores of patients with different demographic characteristics were different. Among the demographic characteristics, years of education and place of residence had the largest impact. The scores of social support in patients with longer education years and living in the urban area were higher than those with shorter education years and living in the rural areas (P<0.001). The scores of QOL among preoperative, postoperative chemoradiotherapy and rehabilitation periods in the experimental group were significantly different (all P<0.05). The patients gained the highest score of QOL in the preoperative period (110.7±5.1) and the lowest in the postoperative chemoradiotherapy period (95.3±18.1). The QOL of patients in the experimental group in preoperative, postoperative chemoradiotherapy and rehabilitation periods were all positively correlated with the overall social support (all P<0.01). Conclusions: The QOL of breast cancer patients at different periods of treatment is positively correlated with the social support. The quality of life can be enhanced by improving the social support for the patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Apoio Social , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Período Pós-Operatório , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 97(2): 131-136, 2017 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28088959

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of exendin-4, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, on reducing lipid deposition and improving insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and the underlying mechanisms in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Methods: Twelve male C57BL/6J mice were challenged with HFD for 12 weeks to induce obesity and then randomly divided into two groups: exendin-4 group (intraperitoneal injection of 24 nmol·kg-1·d-1 exendin-4 for 4 weeks) and HFD group (intraperitoneal injection of normal saline for 4 weeks), with 6 mice in each group. Additional 6 mice were also selected as control group. Body weight, fasting blood glucose were recorded. Serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), insulin and skeletal muscle triglyceride levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosobent assay (ELISA). Oil red O staining was used for morphologic changes of frozen sections from skeletal muscle. The protein levels of lipid metabolic pathway mediated by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and insulin signailing pathway were determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with mice in HFD group, exendin-4 significantly decreased body weight[(37.68±1.80) vs (46.03±5.00) g, P<0.025], fasting blood glucose[(5.40±0.33) vs (7.65±1.92) mmol/L, P<0.025], serum TG[(37.78±7.14) vs (80.76±34.22) mg/dl, P<0.025], TC[(180.13±18.75) vs (217.57±22.52) mg/dl, P<0.025], insulin[(0.58±0.01) vs (1.67±1.23) ng/ml, P<0.025]and skeletal muscle TG levels[(9.84±1.08) vs (19.35±7.44) mg/g, P<0.025]of obese mice. Oil red O staining revealed that exendin-4 alleviated the accumulation of larger lipid droplets in skeletal muscle. The protein expressions of lipolysis and lipid oxidation mediated by AMPK and insulin signailing pathway were up-regulated, and the protein expressions of lipogenesis mediated by AMPK were down-regulated after intervention of exendin-4. Conclusion: Exendin-4 reduces lipid deposition and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle of HFD-induced obese mice via activating AMPK and up-regulating insulin signailing pathway.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Músculo Esquelético , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Animais , Exenatida , Insulina , Resistência à Insulina , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade , Peptídeos , Peçonhas
17.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 31(21): 1658-1661;1665, 2017 Nov 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29798122

RESUMO

Objective:IgG4-related disease is a newly recognized systemic disease, and its elucidation is progressing. However, little is known about its sinonasal manifestations.The aim of this study was to assess the olfaction of patients with IgG4-related disease.Method:Twenty-two patients with IgG4-related disease underwent the odor stick identification test to measure olfactory function.We analyzed the clinical features, including serum IgG4 levels, involved organs, and sinonasal computed tomography scores to explore the etiology of olfactory dysfunction.Result:Eleven patients with IgG4-related disease were found to have olfactory dysfunction. There were no differences in the clinical features between the olfactory dysfunction group and the normal group.Conclusion:There were no correlation between olfactory function and serum IgG4 level, involved organs or sinonasal computed tomography scores.We found that the prevalence of olfactory dysfunction was high in patients with IgG4-related disease and that it could be reversed.Olfactory dysfunction appears to be a novel important manifestation of IgG4-related disease.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/complicações , Imunoglobulina G , Transtornos do Olfato/imunologia , Humanos , Olfato , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
19.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 24(12): 907-910, 2016 Dec 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28073411

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) on the immune function and prognosis of patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis. Methods: A total of 65 patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis were divided into observation group and control group. The patients in the observation group were given intervention (via the proper hepatic artery or the portal vein) and intravenous infusion of 4×108 hUCMSCs in two doses, as well as the same basic treatment as in the control group. The patients in the control group were given conventional medical treatment. ELISA as used to measure the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and transforming growth factor-ß (TGFß) in the observation group before surgery and at 1 week after surgery, as well as the serum levels of IL-6, TNFα, IL-10, and TGFß in the control group on admission and at 1 week after admission. Flow cytometry was used to measure the percentage of lymphocyte subsets in the observation group before surgery and at 1 week after surgery, as well as that in the control group on admission and at 1 week after admission. In addition, the patients' prognosis and major complications during hospitalization were observed in both groups, and the patients were followed up for 24 weeks to record the number of deaths. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data which were expressed as percentages. Results: At 1 week after the transplantation of hUCMSCs, compared with the control group, the observation group had significant reductions in the serum levels of IL-6 and TNFα and significant increases in the serum levels of IL-10 and TGFß (all P < 0.001), as well as significant increases in the percentages of T4 cells and Treg cells and significant reductions in the percentages of T8 cells and B cells (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the changes in T3 cells and natural killer cells between the two groups (P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had a significantly lower probability of progression to liver failure (6.45% vs 14.71%, P = 0.017). Conclusion: In the treatment of patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis, transplantation of UCMSCs can inhibit the proliferation of T cells and B cells and the differentiation of T8 cells, upregulate Treg cells, promote the secretion of immunosuppressive cytokines, and reduce the production of inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, it can alleviate liver inflammatory response and liver cell damage and reduce the probability of hepatic failure.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Hepatite B/cirurgia , Cirrose Hepática/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Cordão Umbilical , Linfócitos B , Diferenciação Celular , Citometria de Fluxo , Hepatite B/sangue , Humanos , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Prognóstico , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
20.
Neoplasma ; 63(1): 37-43, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26639232

RESUMO

In presented paper, a new chlorin derivative 5,10,15,20-tetrakis[(5-N-morpholino)pentyl] chlorin (TMC) was investigated as a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, intracellular location, biodistribution and antitumor effects were studied using human esophageal cancer cells (Eca-109) and human cervical cancer cells (Hela) in vitro and an esophageal cancer model in BALB/c nude mice. Cellular uptake and biodistribution of TMC were measured by fluorescence spectrophotometer. Cytotoxicity of TMC against Eca-109 and Hela cells was determined by MTT assay. The intracellular location of TMC was detected with a confocal microscopy. It was showed that TMC could rapidly accumulate in tumor cells and localize in cytoplasm. TMC was found to be low-toxic in dark but extensively photosensitive in vitro. A fast clearance rate of TMC was observed in Eca-109-bearing mice. In particular, TMC could significantly inhibit the tumor growth and exhibit a notable antitumor efficacy for PDT in vivo.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Porfirinas/química , Distribuição Tecidual
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