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1.
Eur Spine J ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The existing classification in Chiari I malformation (CM-I) has limited significance for the selection of surgical methods. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgery of CM-I with syringomyelia based on the high-resolution MR imaging (HRMRI) findings. METHODS: Data from 115 patients were collected and retrospectively analyzed. For those with syringomyelia up to the level of C1, HRMRI was performed and according to the communication status between the fourth ventricle and the syringomyelia, patients can be divided into four types, namely Type A: classic communicating; Type B: partial communicating; Type C: non-communicating; Type D: atrophic. All operations were performed with Foramen magnum and Magendie dredging (FMMD), and all intradural factors that may have induced the obstruction of CSF circulation were recorded. The efficiency of operation on syringomyelia was evaluated by mJOA, imaging findings, and complications in the follow-up periods. RESULTS: The postoperative follow-up period was from 12 to 24 months, with an average of 14.3 months. At 1 year, the mJOA of 115 patients was significantly higher than that before the operations (before surgery 12.1 ± 2.3 vs. after surgery 14. 2 ± 1.4, P < 0.05). In addition, postoperative re-examination showed that the size of the syringomyelia was reduced or completely resolved in patients of Type A, 100% (2/2); Type B, 81% (9/11); Type C, 84% (81/97); and Type D, 20% (1/5). CONCLUSIONS: According to our new classification based on HRMRI, FMMD is the key to surgical treatment, especially for Type A and Type B patients.

2.
J Org Chem ; 86(3): 2866-2875, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467855

RESUMO

A novel and mild Cu-catalyzed oxidative dual arylation of carbon-carbon double bonds in acrylamides with 3-aminoindazoles is proposed for the synthesis of cyanoarylated oxindoles. Notably, 3-aminoindazoles are employed as efficient arylating agents via the cleavage of two C-N bonds. This oxidative dual arylation of active alkenes involves a radical process and undergoes a sequence of 3-aminoindazole oxidation, two-C-N-bond cleavage, cyanoaryl radical addition, and intramolecular cyclization.

3.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 20(3): E221, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372965

RESUMO

The anterior decompression technique, including vertebral body sliding osteotomy1 and anterior controllable antedisplacement fusion (ACAF),2 treats ossified posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) without actual excision of the OPLL.3 The fundamental strategy is to separate the mid-portion of the vertebral body along with the OPLL using bilateral anterior osteotomies followed by controllable antedisplacement. These techniques restore the space of the spinal canal anteriorly by anterior translation of the OPLL, avoiding excision and dural manipulation.4 We illustrate the case of a patient who had failed laminoplasty and the surgical decision making for ACAF. We discuss the other surgical options regarding patient selection, present preoperative and postoperative imaging, to demonstrate the efficacy of ACAF and show strategies of ACAF to make it a safe and effective procedure. We demonstrate our technique of ACAF using the intraoperative microscope and models in this video to illustrate the steps of ACAF. A written consent to the procedure was obtained from the patient.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) associated with basilar invagination (BI) is challenging, and traditional posterior-only approaches lack the ability to release the anterior soft tissue resulting in unsatisfactory reduction. Furthermore, vertebral artery anomalies and deformed anatomy increase surgical risks. OBJECTIVE: To introduce a safe and efficient technique to reduce congenital AAD and BI through a single-stage posterior-only approach. METHODS: A total of 65 patients with AAD and concomitant BI who had congenital osseous abnormalities were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had anterior soft tissue released through a posterior-only approach, followed by intra-facet cages implantation, cantilever correction, and instrumentation. Clinical results were measured using the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scale, and radiographic measurements included the atlanto-dental interval, the distance of odontoid tip above Chamberlain's line, clivus-canal angle (CCA), and syrinx length. Paired t-tests were used to compare preoperative and postoperative measurements. RESULTS: The mean JOA score increased from 10.98 to 14.40 at 1-yr follow-up. Complete reduction of AAD and BI was achieved in 48 patients (73.8%). The mean CCA improved from 115° preoperatively to 129° postoperatively. Reduction of syrinx size was observed in 14 patients at 1 wk and in 35 patients 1 yr after surgery. All patients achieved bony fusion. CONCLUSION: Posterior intra-articular distraction followed by cage implantation and cantilever correction can achieve complete reduction in most cases of congenitally anomalous AAD associated with BI.

5.
Neuromodulation ; 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The combination of epidural electrical stimulation (EES) and serotonin agonists (5-HTA) effectively restores rhythmic lower-limb movements and improves intraspinal hemodynamics after spinal cord injury (SCI). Nonetheless, whether EES + 5-HTA improves intraspinal metabolism remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of EES + 5-HTA on intraspinal metabolism in SCI rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wireless EES (WEES) implantation with complete T8 transection was performed in SCI rats. Electrodes were placed at the T12 and L2 vertebral levels. After rest for a week, the SCI rats received 11 weeks of WEES + 5-HTA treatment and treadmill training. WEES was switched off after each daily training. Locomotor function was evaluated by motion capture at week 12. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography was conducted to evaluate basal metabolism when WEES was switched off and assess task metabolism when WEES was switched on. RESULTS: With locomotor recovery after training for 11 weeks, WEES + 5-HTA conjointly improved basal metabolism (vs. each intervention alone; p < 0.05) and linearly modulated task metabolism in a frequency-dependent manner (R2 = 0.8901). Furthermore, 60 Hz of WEES was identified as the threshold for the extensive activation of the spinal cord's task metabolism below the transection plane (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: WEES + 5-HTA could conjointly restore basal metabolism to a healthy level and modulate task metabolism by adjusting the stimulation frequency.

6.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 550, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to atypical clinical symptoms, it is difficult to diagnose joint tuberculosis infection, which often results in misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. It is easy to cause joint disability. And there are few reports of using arthroscopy to diagnose and treat shoulder tuberculosis. This case series aims to introduce the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of shoulder tuberculosis. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with shoulder tuberculosis from September 2013 to February 2019 were included (10 males, 19 females; age range from 22 to 69; the average age is 37.6 years). All patients underwent arthroscopic lesion debridement, with preoperative and postoperative regular use of isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and streptomycin quadruple anti-tuberculosis drugs. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were recorded before and at the last follow-up. The shoulder function was evaluated according to the visual analogue scoring method (visual analogue scale, VAS) pain score and Constant score. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients were followed up from 12 months to 2 years, and the average follow-up time was 15.7 months. The pathological diagnosis of all patients after surgery was shoulder tuberculosis. No serious complications were found at the last follow-up, and the incision healed well. VAS pain score, Constant score, ESR, and CRP at the last follow-up were significantly improved compared with those before treatment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: On the basis of the standard use of anti-tuberculosis drugs before and after surgery, shoulder arthroscopy is used to treat early and mid-term shoulder tuberculosis, which can be diagnosed by direct observation under the arthroscope and postoperative pathological examination. It has the advantages of thorough lesion removal, minimal invasiveness, rapid recovery, and reliable clinical effect.

7.
Environ Res ; : 110430, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) is known to be associated with metabolic disorders. However, whether PFAAs isomers are associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) still remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations between serum PFAAs isomers and MetS. METHODS: We recruited 1,501 adults from a cross-sectional study, the "Isomers of C8 Health Project in China" to investigate the associations between PFAAs isomers and MetS. A total of 20 PFAAs including the isomers of PFOS and PFOA were detected. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline models were used to evaluate the relationship of serum PFAAs isomers exposure with MetS and its components as well after adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: The MetS prevalence in our study was 43.0%. The serum levels of both PFOS and PFOA isomers were higher in participants with MetS than that with non-MetS (p < 0.05). We found positive associations for per natural log-transformed ng/mL of branched perfluorooctane sulfonate (br-PFOS) (odds ratio (OR) = 1.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01, 1.38)) linear perfluoronanoic acid (n-PFOA) (OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.16, 1.58) and perfluoro-6-methylpheptanoic acid (6 m-PFOA) (OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.11, 1.57) with higher odds of MetS after covariates adjustment, while null association was observed for linear isomers of PFOS (OR = 1.09, 95% CI: 0.94, 1.25). We found a nonlinear dose-response relationship with a "threshold" effect in serum br-PFOS isomers with MetS, in which the odds of MetS increased quickly with increasing serum br-PFOS isomers under low exposure (p for nonlinearity = 0.030). CONCLUSION: We report new evidence of associations between PFAAs isomers and MetS and the nonlinearity of dose-response relationship with br-PFOS isomers. Our findings indicate that more attention is needed to pay on the nonlinearity of dose-response relationship when investigate the association of PFAAs isomers with human health.

8.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; : 106309, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Failure to detect dangerous anatomic vertebral artery anomalies (AVAAs) and dangerous functional vertebral artery anomalies (FVAAs) at the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) in patients with basilar invagination (BI) can result in major complications such as intraoperative vertebral artery injury, brain infarctions, and even death. Iatrogenic vertebral artery injury is a rare but severe complication of cervical spine surgery. We aimed to evaluate dangerous vertebral artery anomalies at the CVJ in patients with BI using computed tomographic angiography (CTA). METHODS: CTA images of 61 BI patients were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate AVAAs and FVAAs at the CVJ. Dangerous AVAAs include a persistent first intersegmental artery (FIA), fenestration of the vertebral artery (FEN), and posterior inferior cerebellar artery with an extradural C1/2 origin (PICA-C1/2). Dangerous FVAAs include a dominant vertebral artery (DVA) and hypoplastic vertebral artery ending in the PICA (HVA-PICA) without joining the basilar artery. RESULTS: Overall, 31 female and 30 male patients (mean age, 42.3 years) were included. The incidences of FIA, FEN, and PICA-C1/2 were 29.5 % (18/61), 3.3 % (2/61), and 3.3 % (2/61), respectively, whereas the incidences of DVA and HVA-PICA were 36.1 % (22/61) and 1.65 % (1/61), respectively. CONCLUSION: Dangerous vertebral artery anomalies at the CVJ have a high incidence in patients with BI. Preoperative CTA is highly recommended in such patients to identify anomalous vertebral arteries and reduce the risk of intraoperative injury.

9.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(42): 8677-8685, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078807

RESUMO

A copper-promoted oxidative cyanomethylation/ring-expansion of vinylcyclopropanes with α-C(sp3)-H bonds in alkyl nitriles is established for the generation of 1-cyanoethylated 3,4-dihydronaphthalenes. This cyanomethylation/ring-expansion involves a radical pathway and proceeds via cyanomethyl radical formation, radical addition and ring-expansion. This ring-expansion strategy offers a highly atom-economical route for the construction of nitrile-containing 3,4-dihydronaphthalenes, which can be transformed into other useful products under simple conditions.

10.
Neurospine ; 17(3): 574-584, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of quantitative reduction and fixation to treat basilar invagination (BI) with atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD). METHODS: Posterior occipitocervical angle (POCA), occiput-C2 angle (Oc-C2A), clivusaxial angle (CAA), and C2-7 angle (C2-7A) were considered for quantitative reduction. Twelve patients with BI complicated with AAD received posterior interarticular release and individualized cage implantation to restore vertical dislocation. The POCA was adjusted using cantilever technology to further reduce the horizontal dislocation and adjust lower cervical vertebral angle. All patients received a radiological follow-up for ≥12 months. Improvements in spinal cord function were evaluated using Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score. RESULTS: All the patients received successful quantitative reduction for BI-AAD, and bony fusion was achieved without spinal cord injury after surgery for 12 months. The JOA score was improved significantly to 15.2 ± 0.9 twelve months after surgery (p < 0.01). Radiological follow-up revealed that individualized cage and POCA play vital roles in quantitative correction: (1) distance of the dens above McRae's line and atlantodens interval were restored to normal level, respectively; (2) changes in Oc-C2 angle (ΔOc-C2A), C2-7 angle (ΔC2-7A), clivus-axial angle (ΔCAA), and POCA (ΔPOCA) were all caused by changes in axis tilt. Based on the changes of radiological parameter we deduced the formula for quantitative reduction by linear regression analysis: -ΔPOCA = ΔOc-C2A = -ΔC2-7A = ΔCAA. CONCLUSION: Quantitative posterior reduction by individualized cage and adjusting ΔPOCA is feasible for treating BI with AAD.

11.
Chin Neurosurg J ; 6: 33, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944290

RESUMO

Background: Although the single-stage posterior realignment craniovertebral junction (CVJ) surgery could treat most of the basilar invagination (BI) and atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD), there are still some cases with incomplete decompression of the spinal cord, which remains a technique challenging situation. Methods: Eleven patients were included with remained myelopathic symptoms after posterior correction due to incomplete decompression of the spinal cord. Transoral odontoidectomy assisted by image-guided navigation and intraoperative CT was performed. Clinical assessment and image measurements were performed preoperatively and at the most recent follow-up. Results: Eleven patients were followed up for an average of 47 months. Symptoms were alleviated in 10 of 11 patients (90.9%). One patient died of an unknown reason 1 week after the transoral approach. The clinical and radiological parameters pre- and postoperatively were reported. Conclusion: Transoral odontoidectomy as a salvage surgery is safe and effective for properly selected BI and AAD patients after inadequate indirect decompression from posterior distraction and fixation. Image-guided navigation and intraoperative CT can provide precise information and accurate localization during operation, thus enabling complete resection of the odontoid process and decompression of the spinal cord.

12.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(37): 7345-7354, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909577

RESUMO

Silver-promoted sulfonylation and ring-expansion of vinylcyclopropanes with sodium sulfinates is established for the construction of 1-sulfonylmethylated 3,4-dihydronaphthalenes. This sulfonylation process involves a radical pathway, including sulfonyl radical formation, radical addition, ring-opening and cyclization. The 1-sulfonylmethylated 3,4-dihydronaphthalenes can be converted into other useful products.

13.
World Neurosurg ; 144: e178-e188, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the procedure of foramina magnum and Magendie dredging, summarizing the pathologic changes in the intradural region of the craniocervical junction in patients with syringomyelia and the pathophysiologic mechanism of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation obstruction. METHODS: Clinical data from 50 adult patients with syringomyelia treated at Xuanwu Hospital from July 2018 to January 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. All operations were performed with foramina magnum and Magendie dredging, and all intradural factors that may have induced the obstruction of CSF circulation were recorded. RESULTS: Intradural pathology was found in all patients. The pathologic changes that may have caused obstruction of the CSF circulation include tonsil occupying the foramen magnum and overlying foramen of Magendie in 88% (44/50), intertonsillar arachnoid adhesions in 36% (18/50), tonsil to medulla arachnoid adhesions in 18% (9/50), medialized tonsils in 70% (35/50), vermian branch of posterior inferior cerebellar artery in 22% (11/50), arachnoid veil in 16% (8/50), cisterna magna cyst in 4% (2/50), and tonsil to dura mater arachnoid adhesions in 8% (4/50). Mean duration of follow-up was 13.3 months. The long-term effective rate was 96.0%. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the size of the syringomyelia was reduced or completely resolved in 88% of patients. The mean preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association score was 12.9 ± 3.1, which improved to 14.7 ± 3.2 (P < 0.05) at last clinical follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Intradural pathology that causes CSF circulation obstruction exists in many forms. Relieving the obstruction of the foramen magnum and foramen of Magendie is key to surgical treatment.

14.
Neuropharmacology ; 179: 108268, 2020 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791084

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Long-term depression (LTD) is a form of physiologic plasticity that is important for reversal learning and may be linked to major depression. Few studies have examined LTP-like plasticity in patients with depression. It is unclear if continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) induced LTD is altered in depression patients. METHODS: Here we recruited 29 healthy control subjects and 31 female patients with depression. We performed cTBS protocol on left motor cortex and employed motor evoked potentials (MEPs) response to measure LTD-like plasticity. Peripheral molecules were measured for correlation analyses to cortical plasticity. RESULTS: Our results revealed persistent LTD-like plasticity deficits in female patients with depression. LTD-like plasticity was impaired in patients with depression despite the fact that peripheral concentrations of BDNF were comparable to that of healthy subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence for impaired LTD-like plasticity in patients with depression which may be an important mechanism linked to the pathophysiology and treatment of this disorder.

15.
Langmuir ; 36(39): 11508-11516, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787056

RESUMO

Reclamation and recycling of heavy metal ions can offer environmental protection and sustainable development. Here, we report the preparation of L-cysteine (L-cys)-doped glucose carbon sphere (GCS)@polypyrrole (PPy) composites (GCS@PPy/L-cys). The adsorption performance and mechanism of GCS@PPy/L-cys toward Cr(VI) from water were investigated in detail. The chromate enrichment on GCS@PPy is significantly facilitated by doping with L-cys, which prevents the oxidative collapse of the structure. This approach leads to many reduction-adsorption sites that reduce the highly hazardous Cr(VI) into less toxic Cr(III). More significantly, the composite can be reused to fabricate supercapacitors that avoid secondary pollution. This strategy offers high-efficiency treatment and sustainable utilization of hypervalent metals in water.

16.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(12): 759, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647684

RESUMO

Background: Barn-integrated operating rooms have been used in an effort to save space and improve operating room efficiency during orthopedic surgeries. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of performing several thoracic surgeries in a barn-integrated operating room simultaneously. Methods: Both numerical simulation and field measurement approaches were applied to evaluate the performance of the ventilation system for the barn-integrated operating room. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was applied to simulate airflow velocity field and particle concentration field. On-site test of airflow velocities were measured with a thermal anemometer. Bacteria-carrying particle (BCP) deposition and distribution was estimated using passive air sampling (PAS) and active air sampling (AAS) methods during mock surgeries. Results: The airflow distribution and concentration contours showed the barn-integrated operating room to be highly effective in controlling the concentration of airborne bacteria in the operating fields. The airflow and bacteria count met the current standard of GB50333-2013 Specifications, and there was no evidence of air mixing between cabins. Conclusions: A barn-integrated operating room with several ultraclean operating tables in a single room would be a viable proposition for general thoracic surgeries in the future. As well as achieving a satisfactory level of contamination control, such an approach would reduce operating costs.

17.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 197: 106087, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of transverse process endoscopic transforaminal discectomy for the treatment of high-iliac-crest L5-S1 lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Seventeen patients with high-iliac-crest L5-S1 lumbar disc herniation who were treated with transforaminal endoscopy from April 2016 to January 2019 in the Department of Neurosurgery of Xuanwu Hospital were selected. The visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to evaluate the efficacy of the procedure. RESULTS: All of the patients successfully underwent the surgical treatment. Sixteen patients (94.1 %) completed effective follow-up for more than 12 months. The VAS was 7.8 ±â€¯1.9, 2.9 ±â€¯1.6, 2.3 ±â€¯1.5 and 2.2 ±â€¯1.6 before surgery and at one day, 3 months, and the last follow-up after surgery, respectively. The ODI scores were 52.8 ±â€¯15.2 and 16.9 ±â€¯9.7 before surgery and 3 months after surgery, respectively, both of which were lower than before surgery (both P < 0.01). EFFICACY EVALUATION: An excellent outcome was achieved in 13 (81.3 %) patients, a good outcome in 1 patient (6.3 %), an acceptable outcome in 1 patient (6.3 %), and a poor outcome in 1 patient (6.3 %). CONCLUSIONS: The transverse process endoscopic transforaminal discectomy is a safe and effective surgical method for the treatment of high-iliac-crest L5-S1 lumbar disc herniation.

18.
Eur Spine J ; 29(12): 3203-3213, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594232

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Primary spinal cord glioblastoma (GBM) is a rare and devastating disease. Little attention was ever paid to this rare disease. As a result, the standard treatment protocol and prognostic factors of primary spinal cord GBM were not well established. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors associated with survival in patients with primary spinal cord GBM. METHODS: A total of 122 patients with primary spinal cord GBM from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and our institution were included in this retrospective analysis. Information about age, sex, race, tumor invasion, extent of resection, radiation, chemotherapy and year of diagnosis was collected. Univariate and multivariate accelerated failure time (AFT) regression model was performed to identify prognostic factors. RESULTS: Of the 122 patients, 102 (83.6%) expired at the time of data collection. Overall survival at 1 year, 2 years, 3 years and 5 years was 48.4%, 22.8%, 17.1% and 8.4%, respectively, and median survival time was 12 months. Only radiation was found to be associated with survival in the AFT regression model (time ratio 1.94, 95% CI 1.01-3.72, p < 0.05). Radiotherapy could improve survival slightly; patients who received RT survived approximately two times as long as patients who did not receive RT, but the advantage was short term. CONCLUSION: The survival of primary spinal cord GBM is poor in the current treatment strategy. Radiotherapy was associated with better survival, but the advantage was short term.

19.
World Neurosurg ; 140: e289-e293, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the application of a microsurgical space restrictor in microsurgical simulation training. METHODS: A microsurgical space restrictor that can restrict the operation space was designed and produced. Forty neurosurgery residents with standardized training were selected as the study subjects and were randomly divided into the experimental group (group A) and the control group (group B). Group A was trained using the space restrictor, and group B was trained using the traditional method. The skills and overall performance of the 2 groups of trainees were assessed by the Stanford Microsurgery and Resident Training (SMaRT) scale. The assessment was divided into 2 stages: the unobstructed microsurgery test, and the test with the microsurgical operation space restrictor. RESULTS: In group A, the score for the first stage (A1) was 3.9 ± 0.6, the score for the second stage (A2) was 3.4 ± 0.6, and the score for A1 was better than that for A2 (P = 0.000); in group B, the score for the first stage (B1) was 3.57 ± 0.6, the score for the second stage (B2) was 3.0 ± 0.6, and the score for B1 was better than that for B2 (P = 0.000). Overall, the score for A1 was better than that for B1 (P = 0.046), and the score for A2 was better than that for B2 (P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Microsurgical space restrictor use can improve the effect of microsurgical simulation training and help trainees better master microsurgical operation skills.

20.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 225, 2020 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: VGF (nonacronymic) is a neuropeptide that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, no studies have yet investigated VGF levels in patients with MDD who are at risk of suicide. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether serum VGF levels are related to suicide risk in patients with MMD. METHODS: A total of 107 patients with MDD and 40 normal control participated in the present study. The risk of suicide was assessed using the Nurses Global Assessment of Suicide Risk (NGASR). On this basis, 60 patients were assigned to a high-risk group (NGASR≥9) and 47 were assigned to a low-risk group (NGASR< 9). The severity of depression was measured using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). Levels of serum VGF were determined using a double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Serum VGF levels in the high-risk group (883.34 ± 139.67 pg/mL) were significantly lower than in the low-risk group (1020.56 ± 131.76 pg/mL) and in the control group (1107.00 ± 155.38 pg/mL) (F = 31.90, p < 0.001). In patients with MDD, suicide risk was significantly negatively correlated with VGF levels (r = - 0.55, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced serum VGF levels are related to risk of suicide in patients with MDD, so VGF may be a biomarker of suicide risk in MDD.

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