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1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977154

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most prevalent cancer among men and the second leading cause of tumor-associated death worldwide, with increasing incidence rates over the last 10 years. Recently, miR-195 was reported to be hypermethylated at its promoter CpG island and down-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the function of miR-195 and the underlying mechanisms in PCa remain unknown. Here we report that a significant down-regulation of miR-195 in PCa tissues and cell lines was associated with promoter methylation status. Overexpression of miR-195 significantly suppressed cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (increased E-cadherin and decreased N-cadherin) in PCa cells. We further demonstrated that transfection with a miR-195 inhibitor reversed the inhibitory effect of the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-AzaC on the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of PCa cells. In summary, our findings suggest that miR-195 may function as a crucial tumor suppressor in PCa.

2.
Cancer Lett ; 473: 74-89, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904482

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal cancer causes countless deaths every year due to therapeutic resistance. However, whether metabolic alterations contribute to chemoresistance is not well understood. In this study, we report that fatty acid (FA) catabolism was activated in gastrointestinal cancer cells treated with oxaliplatin, which exhibited higher expression of the rate-limiting enzymes carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1B (CPT1B) and CPT2. The clinical analysis also showed that high expression of these enzymes was associated with poor oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy outcomes in patients. Furthermore, genetic or pharmacological inhibition of CPT2 with perhexiline disturbed NADPH and redox homeostasis and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and cell apoptosis in gastrointestinal cancer cells following oxaliplatin treatment. Specifically, the combination of oxaliplatin and perhexiline significantly suppressed the progression of gastrointestinal cancer in cell-based xenograft and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. Mechanistically, CPT2 was transcriptionally upregulated by nuclear factor of activated T cells 3 (NFATc3), which translocated to the nucleus in response to oxaliplatin treatment. In summary, our study suggests that the inhibition of CPT-mediated FA catabolism combined with conventional chemotherapy is a promising therapeutic strategy for patients with gastrointestinal cancers.

3.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(2): e1079, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in managing invasive breast cancer (BC) is the lack of reliable biomarkers to track response. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) from liquid biopsy, as a candidate biomarker, provides a valuable assessment of BC patients. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the utility of ctDNA to reflect the efficacy of treatment and to monitor resistance mechanisms. METHODS: Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 416 cancer-relevant genes was performed on 41 plasma biopsy samples of 19 HER2+ and 12 HER2- BC patients. Longitudinal ctDNA samples were analyzed in three BC patients over the treatment course for detecting acquired mutations. RESULTS: In HER2+ BC patients, ERBB2 somatic copy numbers in ctDNA samples were significantly higher in patients progressed on HER2-targeted therapy than those who were still responding to the treatment. Recurrent acquired mutations were detected in genes including ERBB2, TP53, EGFR, NF1, and SETD2, which may contribute to trastuzumab resistance. In longitudinal analyses, the observed mutation allele frequencies were tracked closely in concordance with treatment responses. A novel ERBB2 p.(Leu869Arg) mutation was acquired in one patient upon resistant to trastuzumab therapy, which was further validated as an oncogenic mutation in vitro and contributed to resistance. In HER2- BC patients with chemotherapy resistance, genetic alterations on TP53, PIK3CA, and DNA damage repair genes were frequently observed. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, ctDNA monitoring, particularly longitudinal analyses, provides valuable insights into the assessment of targeted therapy efficacy and gene alterations underlying trastuzumab resistance and chemotherapy resistance in HER2+ and HER2- BC patients, respectively.

4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5590-5603, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a major cause of cancer-related death, with a 5-year overall survival rate being below 5%. The main causes of poor prognosis in pancreatic cancer include easy metastasis, high recurrence rate, and robust drug resistance. Gemcitabine is a first-line drug for patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. However, due to drug resistance, the clinical effect is not satisfactory. ADAM28 is reported as a tumor promoter in some cancers, but its role in pancreatic cancer and gemcitabine chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer has not been elucidated. AIM: To identify if ADAM28 can act as an important target to reverse the gemcitabine drug resistance in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: RNA-sequence analysis was applied to explore the potential targets involved in the gemcitabine of pancreatic cancer. SW1990 pancreatic cancer cells were treated with an increased dose of gemcitabine, and the mRNA levels of ADAM28 were evaluated by RT-PCR. The protein and mRNA levels of ADAM28 were confirmed in the gemcitabine resistant and parallel SW1990 cells. The ADAM28 expression was also assessed in TCGA and GEO databases, and the results were confirmed in the collected tumor and adjacent normal tissues. The overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of pancreatic cancer patients with high ADAM28 level and low ADAM28 level in TCGA were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier Plotter. Furthermore, the OS rate was calculated in pancreatic cancer patients with high tumor mutation burden (TMB) and low TMB. CCK-8 assay was used to examine the effect of ADAM28 on the viability of SW1990 cells. The ADAM28 and its co-expressed genes were analyzed in the cBioPortal for cancer genomics and subjected to GSEA pathway analysis. The correlations of ADAM28 with GSTP1, ABCC1, GSTM4, and BCL2 were analyzed based on TCGA data on pancreatic cancer. RESULTS: RNA-sequence analysis identified that ADAM28 was overexpressed in gemcitabine-resistant cells, and gemcitabine treatment could induce the expression of ADAM28. The mRNA and protein levels of ADAM28 were elevated in gemcitabine-resistant SW1990 cells compared with parallel cells. Also, the expression of ADAM28 was upregulated in pancreatic tumor tissues against normal pancreatic tissues. Notably, ADAM28 was highly expressed in the classical type than in the basal tumor type. Furthermore, the high expression of ADAM28 was associated with low OS and RFS rates. Interestingly, the high levels of ADAM28 was associated with a significantly lower OS rate in the high TMB patients, but not in the low TMB patients. Moreover, overexpression of ADAM28 could reduce the cell viability inhibition by gemcitabine, and knockdown of ADAM28 could enhance the proliferation inhibition by gemcitabine. The GSEA analysis showed that ADAM28 was related to the regulation of drug metabolism, and ADAM28 was significantly positively correlated with GSTP1, ABCC1, GSTM4, and BCL2. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that ADAM28 is overexpressed in pancreatic cancer, and closely involved in the regulation of gemcitabine resistance. Overexpression of ADAM28 is a novel prognostic biomarker in pancreatic cancer.

5.
Cancer Med ; 8(12): 5544-5553, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous case reports have shown the promising antitumor activity of everolimus in solid tumors containing molecular aberrations in PI3K/ATK/mTOR pathway, however, whether it is effective in patients with breast cancer remains unknown. Therefore, we conducted this retrospective cohort study to compare the efficacy of molecularly matched targeted therapy with everolimus to conventional therapy in refractory breast cancer patients harboring PI3K/ATK/mTOR pathway activating mutations. METHODS: Refractory metastatic breast cancer patients who have received molecular screening using next-generation sequencing (NGS) between September 8, 2015 and October 30, 2017 in two sites were screened for this study. The primary outcome was progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary outcomes were overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and safety profile. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients were screened for analysis, amongst all, 52 (66.7%) had at least one gene mutation in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. The most common mutation fell in PIK3CA (76.9%, 40/52) with a mutational prevalence of 51.3%. Of the 32 patients who were eligible for efficacy analysis, patients in the everolimus group (n = 19) exhibited shorter PFS than those in the conventional group (n = 13) (median, 1.9 vs 6.1 months; HR, 3.6; 95% CI, 1.48-8.81; P = .0005). ORR was 15.4% (2/13) in the everolimus group and 23.1% (3/13) in the conventional group (P = 1.000), and DCR was 30.8% (4/13) and 100% (13/13) for each group, respectively (P = .000). The incidence of grade 3-5 adverse events was relatively higher in the conventional group (38.5%, 5/13) than that in the everolimus group (26.3%, 5/19). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that everolimus might not be effective for cancer patients harboring mutations in PI3K/ATK/mTOR pathway and physicians should be cautious about its off-label use in clinical practice.

6.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 178(1): 63-73, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chromosomal instabilities (CIN) of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) are common in breast cancer. We aimed to investigate the value of cfDNA CIN in monitoring the breast cancer relapse and additionally to compare it with the traditional biomarkers (CA15-3 and CEA). METHODS: Overall 62 recurrent breast cancer patients and 20 healthy controls were recruited. Low-pass whole-genome sequencing (LPWGS) was performed to detect cfDNA CIN. A CIN score was calculated. The performance of CA15-3, CEA, and CIN score in monitoring the recurrence was investigated with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under curve (AUC). Multivariable Cox proportional hazard model was established to analyze the correlations between copy number gain/loss and disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: cfDNA CIN achieved the positive rate of 77.6% [(95% confidence interval (CI) 73.4-95.3%)] among recurrent breast cancer patients, with an AUC value of 0.933, superior to CA15-3 (positive rate: 38.7%; AUC: 0.864) and CEA (positive rate: 41.93%; AUC: 0.878) (P < 0.01). The combination of cfDNA CIN with two biomarkers further increased the positive rate to 88.7% (95% confidence interval 77.5-95.0%). cfDNA CIN achieved better performance in patients with shorter DFS (≤ 41 months), with an AUC value of 0.975. CONCLUSIONS: cfDNA CIN yields a higher accuracy in monitoring breast cancer recurrence compared to traditional biomarkers (CA15-3 and CEA), especially for biomarker-negative patients. The combination of cfDNA CIN to traditional biomarkers further improved the detection rate of recurrence, which may provide a new method for monitoring the early relapse of breast cancer, though further investigations are warranted.

7.
J Cancer ; 10(10): 2299-2311, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258733

RESUMO

Background: Lymphocytes were reported to play a significant part in host anticancer immune responses and influence tumour prognosis. Few studies have focused on the prognostic values of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to lymphocyte ratio (ALRI), aspartate aminotransferase to platelet count ratio index (APRI) and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with palliative treatments. Methods: Five hundred and ninety-eight HCC patients treated with palliative therapies were retrospectively analysed. We randomly assigned patients into the training cohort (429 patients) and the validation cohort I (169 patients). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify the best cut-off values for the ALRI, APRI and SII in the training cohort and the values were further validated in the validation cohort I. Correlations between ALRI and other clinicopathological factors were also analysed. A prognostic nomogram including ALRI was established. We validated the prognostic value of the ALRI, SII and APRI with two independent cohorts, the validation cohort II of 82 HCC patients treated with TACE and the validation cohort III of 150 HCC patients treated with curative resection. In the training cohort and all the validation cohorts, univariate analyses by the method of Kaplan-Meier and multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazards regression model were carried out to identify the independent prognostic factors. Results: The threshold values of ALRI, APRI and SII were 86.3, 1.37 and 376.4 respectively identified by ROC curve analysis in the training cohort. Correlation analysis showed that ALRI>86.3 was greatly associated with higher rates of Child-Pugh B&C, portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) and ascites (P < 0.05). Correspondingly, ALRI level of HCC patients with Child-Pugh B&C, PVTT and ascites was evidently higher than that of HCC patients with Child-Pugh A, without PVTT and without ascites (P < 0.001). In the training cohort and the validation cohort I, II, III, the OS of patients with ALRI >86.3 was obviously shorter than patients with ALRI ≤86.3 (P <0.001). We identified ALRI as an independent prognostic factor by univariate and multivariate analyses both in training Cohort (HR=1.481, P=0.004), validation cohort I (HR=1.511, P=0.032), validation cohort II (HR=3.166, P=0.005) and validation cohort III (HR=3.921, P=0.010). The SII was identified as an independent prognostic factor in training cohort (HR=1.356, P=0.020) and the validation cohort II (HR=2.678, P=0.002). The prognostic nomogram including ALRI was the best in predicting 3-month, 6-month, 1-year, 2-year survival And OS among TNM, ALRI, ALRI-TNM and nomogram. Conclusions: The ALRI was a novel independent prognostic index for the HCC patients treated with palliative treatments.

8.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 112, 2019 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors, and its main cause of death is tumor metastasis. RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is an emerging regulatory mechanism for gene expression and methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) participates in tumor progression in several cancer types. However, its role in CRC remains unexplored. METHODS: Western blot, quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemical (IHC) were used to detect METTL3 expression in cell lines and patient tissues. Methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq) and transcriptomic RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) were used to screen the target genes of METTL3. The biological functions of METTL3 were investigated in vitro and in vivo. RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation assays were conducted to explore the specific binding of target genes. RNA stability assay was used to detect the half-lives of the downstream genes of METTL3. RESULTS: Using TCGA database, higher METTL3 expression was found in CRC metastatic tissues and was associated with a poor prognosis. MeRIP-seq revealed that SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2) was the downstream gene of METTL3. METTL3 knockdown in CRC cells drastically inhibited cell self-renewal, stem cell frequency and migration in vitro and suppressed CRC tumorigenesis and metastasis in both cell-based models and PDX models. Mechanistically, methylated SOX2 transcripts, specifically the coding sequence (CDS) regions, were subsequently recognized by the specific m6A "reader", insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2), to prevent SOX2 mRNA degradation. Further, SOX2 expression positively correlated with METTL3 and IGF2BP2 in CRC tissues. The combined IHC panel, including "writer", "reader", and "target", exhibited a better prognostic value for CRC patients than any of these components individually. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study revealed that METTL3, acting as an oncogene, maintained SOX2 expression through an m6A-IGF2BP2-dependent mechanism in CRC cells, and indicated a potential biomarker panel for prognostic prediction in CRC.

9.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 2931-2936, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118664

RESUMO

Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is the most life-threatening disease in women worldwide. HER2-mutated breast carcinoma has been reported to benefit from HER2-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors recently. Here, we presented a heavy pretreated and harbored HER2 V777L mutation de novo stage IV Luminal B (HER2 unamplified) breast cancer patient who achieved an unexpected good response to trastuzumab combined with vinorelbine therapy. Although HER2-unamplified MBC patients do not regularly benefit from anti-HER2 target therapy, HER2 V777L mutation detected by next-generation sequencing from ctDNA may present as a predictive biomarker for anti-HER2-based strategy therapy in HER2-negative MBC patients.

10.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 196, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deregulation of protein translation control is a hallmark of cancers. Eukaryotic initiation factor 4A2 (EIF4A2) is required for mRNA binding to ribosome and plays an important role in translation initiation. However, little is known about its functions in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Analysis of CRC transcriptome data from TCGA identified that EIF4A2 was associated with poor prognosis. Immunohistochemistry study of EIF4A2 was carried out in 297 paired colorectal tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples. In vitro and in vivo cell-biological assays were performed to study the biological functions of EIF4A2 on experimental metastasis and sensitivity to oxaliplatin treatment. Bioinformatic prediction, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and dual-luciferase reporter assay were carried out to unveil the transcription factor of EIF4A2 regulation. RESULTS: EIF4A2 Expression is significantly higher in colorectal tumors. Multivariate analysis suggests EIF4A2 as an independent predictor of overall, disease-free and progression-free survival. Dysfunction of EIF4A2 by genetic knock-down or small-molecule inhibitor silvestrol dramatically inhibited CRC invasion and migration, sphere formation and enhanced sensitivity to oxaliplatin treatment in vitro and in vivo. Notably, EIF4A2 knock-down also suppressed lung metastasis in vivo. qRT-PCR and immunoblotting analyses identified c-Myc as a downstream target and effector of EIF4A2. ChIP and dual-luciferase reporter assays validated the bioinformatical prediction of ZNF143 as a specific transcription factor of EIF4A2. CONCLUSIONS: EIF4A2 promotes experimental metastasis and oxaliplatin resistance in CRC. Silvestrol inhibits tumor growth and has synergistic effects with oxaliplatin to induce apoptosis in cell-derived xenograft (CDX) and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Fator de Iniciação 4A em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
11.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 34(3): 181-188, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30855185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although androgen deprivation therapy remains the standard treatment for the initial therapy of advanced prostate cancer (PC), castration does not eliminate persistent intratumoral androgens within the prostate tumor microenvironment, which is capable of activating androgen receptor. Abiraterone effectively target adrenal and tumor androgen production in castration-resistant PC (CRPC). However, abiraterone-resistant CRPC is now common challenge in clinic via multiple mechanisms. METHODS: In this study, human CRPC cell line PC3 and androgen-sensitive cells LNCaP were used. The authors investigated the role of autophagy during the therapy of abiraterone in CRPC by analysis of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Western blot and immunofluorescence assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis using flow cytometry analysis. RESULTS: The analysis of TEM showed more autophagic vesicles (AVs) in PC3 cell line than that in LNCaP cell line and indicated the high basic cellular autophagy in CRPC cell line PC3, which was confirmed by the upregulation of autophagy-related protein LC3, Atg5, and Beclin1. Interestingly, the treatment of abiraterone reduced the level of autophagic vesicles in two cell lines and inhibited the expressions of autophagic markers LC3, Atg5 and Beclin1 in parallel with decreased cell vitality and induced G2/M arrest in PC3 cell line and LNCaP cell line. Moreover, the addition of the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine to the treatment of abiraterone inhibited the formation of AVs with downregulated autophagic markers, and inhibition of autophagy promoted the efficiency of cytotoxicity of abiraterone with further impaired cell vitality and G2/M arrest. CONCLUSION: These data suggested that inhibition of autophagy by its inhibitor benefits the treatment of abiraterone for CRPC patients.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Androstenos/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Adenina/farmacologia , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Androstenos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia
12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1710, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737426

RESUMO

Fulvestrant (Ful) is an effective and widely used agent for first- and second-line treatment of hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-negative (HR+/HER2-) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). However, there is no evidence of treatment after progression on Ful. Our study aimed to investigate the profile of daily practice regarding therapy after Ful. A consecutive series of 131 HR+, HER2- MBC patients who failed Ful 500 mg as first-line or second-line therapy from June 2014 to June 2017 in 6 institutions were included and analysed. Among 131 patients who failed Ful with similar baseline characteristics, 31 (23.7%) received endocrine therapy (ET), and 100 (76.3%) were treated with chemotherapy (CT). The most frequently applied CT regimen was capecitabine (32%), and the ET regimen was exemestane + everolimus (35.5%). Multivariate analysis showed that patients with bone-only metastasis were associated with lower CT use (OR = 7.97, 95% CI 1.51-41.84, P = 0.01). Among patients who received CT and ET as subsequent treatments, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.5 months (95% CI 6.2-8.8) and 6.0 months (95% CI 4.1-7.9), respectively (p = 0.03). Among patients who were resistant to Ful (PFS < 6 months), the PFS on CT was significantly longer than that on ET (7.1 months vs 3.9 months, p = 0.024, HR = 0.5, 95% CI 0.26-0.97); however, among patients with a PFS ≥6 months on Ful, the efficacy of CT and ET was similar. Additionally, among patients with an older age, bone-only metastasis and ≥3 metastatic sites, no significant difference was observed between the CT and ET groups. Moreover, ET was much more tolerated than CT in terms of the incidence of grade 3/4 toxicities (9.6% vs 27%, P < 0.05). Median overall survival (OS) was not reached. Thus, our findings reveal the pattern of post-Ful treatment in current clinical practice and provide evidence on the efficacy, safety and choice of these treatments.

13.
Clin Lab ; 65(1)2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have established non-coding RNAs, which include microRNAs and lncRNAs, are aberrantly expressed in breast cancer. In this study, we explore the expression profile of microRNAs and lncRNAs in ER positive (ER+) breast and paracancerous tissues and define their possible correlations. METHODS: We collected ER+ breast cancer patients' and paracancerous tissues from the specimen bank of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital to extract total RNA for obtaining the expression level of microRNAs and lncRNAs by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: The relative expression results indicated that microRNAs such as MIR-191, MIR-213, MIR-122A had significantly higher expression and MIR-125B-1, MIR-125B-2, MIR-145 had lower expression in ER positive breast cancer compared to normal breast. The interaction of microRNA and lncRNA results exhibited upregulated MIR382-5P and lncRNA 362 in ER+ breast cancer compared to non-cancerous breast. By contrast, MIR222 and NFIA-AS1 are down-regulated. Furthermore, MIR222 and NFIA-AS1 showed different expressions in different TNM stages. CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNAs and lncRNAs are aberrantly expressed in ER+ breast cancer. It is inferred that these microRNAs and lncRNAs may be promising biomarkers for ER positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
14.
Cell Death Discov ; 4: 116, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588338

RESUMO

Prognostic and predictive markers are needed to predict the clinical outcomes of patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) who receive standard first-line treatments. We performed a prospective cohort study in advanced CRC patients to identify a miRNA signature that could predict the benefit of receiving first-line chemotherapy for these patients. Twenty-one paired tumours and adjacent normal tissues were collected from advanced CRC patients and analysed by miRNA microarrays. Between tumour and normal tissues, 33 miRNAs were differentially expressed and was confirmed by qRT-PCR from another group of 67 patients from a prospective cohort study. A two-miRNA-based signature was obtained using the LASSO Cox regression model based on the association between the expression of each miRNA and the PFS of individual patients. Internal and external validation cohorts, including 40 and 44 patients with advanced CRC, respectively, were performed to prove the prognostic and predictive value of this signature. A signature was built based on two miRNAs, miR-125b-2-3p and miR-933. CRC patients were classified into low- and high-risk groups for disease progression based on this tool. The patients with low risk scores generally had better PFS than those with high risk scores. In the training set, the median PFS in the low- and high-risk groups were 12.00 and 7.40 months, respectively. In the internal validation set, the median PFS in the low- and high-risk groups were 9.90 and 5.10 months, respectively. In the external validation set, the median PFS in the low- and high-risk groups were 9.90 and 6.40 months, respectively. Furthermore, we detected miR-125b-2-3p associated with CRC cell sensitivity to first-line chemotherapy. Our two-miRNA-based signature was a reliable prognostic and predictive tool for tumour progression in patients with advanced CRC, and might be able to predict the benefit of receiving standard first-line chemotherapy in CRC.

15.
Onco Targets Ther ; 11: 8319-8326, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30538501

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the prognostic significance of mammary Paget's disease (PD) in breast cancer (BC) patients and to investigate the association between clinical manifestation and outcome in invasive ductal carcinoma patients with PD (PD-IDC). Patients and methods: Eighty-five patients diagnosed with mammary PD with underlying BC from 2006 to 2012 at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital were recruited. A matched group comprised 85 patients diagnosed with BC without PD. Patients were matched according to four variables: stage (0-IV), age at diagnosis (within 5 years), histologic subtype, and the year of surgery. The 74 patients diagnosed with PD-IDC were divided into three groups based on their clinical presentation. Results: Compared with the matched group, the PD group had more HER2 positivity (P<0.01) and hormone receptor negativity (P<0.01), and a worse outcome (Kaplan-Meier analysis, P<0.001 for disease-free survival and P=0.002 for overall survival). Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that PD was an independent prognostic predictor for BC patients with PD. In addition, the 22 PD-IDC patients who presented with skin lesions in the nipple/areola and a mass in the breast or axilla had a higher risk of disease relapse than patients who presented with a mass in the breast without skin lesions or patients who presented with skin changes without a palpable mass (adjusted hazards ratio, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.08-0.73; P=0.012 and adjusted hazard ratio, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.06-1.40; P=0.124, respectively). Conclusion: PD is an independent prognostic indicator of outcome in BC patients with PD. Furthermore, the primary symptoms at presentation may be an available indicator of prognosis in PD-IDC.

16.
Oncol Rep ; 40(6): 3821-3829, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30272330

RESUMO

Acquisition of resistance to paclitaxel is a major obstacle to successful treatment of breast cancer patients, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of drug resistance remain largely unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role and mechanism of action of miR­200c­3p in the resistance of breast cancer to paclitaxel. It was observed that miR­200c­3p expression, as determined by reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, was significantly downregulated in paclitaxel­resistant MCF­7/Tax cells compared with parental MCF­7 cells. Overexpression of miR­200c­3p increased the chemosensitivity to paclitaxel and enhanced apoptosis in MCF­7/Tax cells, whereas the downregulation of miR­200c­3p exerted the opposite effect. In addition, upregulation of miR­200c­3p in MCF­7/Tax cells suppressed the expression of sex­determining region Y­box 2 (SOX2) at the mRNA and protein levels. Dual­luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that SOX2 is a target of miR­200c­3p in MCF­7/Tax cells. Moreover, knockdown of SOX2 expression increased chemosensitivity to paclitaxel and upregulated miR­200c­3p expression in MCF­7/Tax cells. Taken together, the results of the present study indicated that miR­200c­3p plays a key role in the development of paclitaxel resistance in breast cancer, possibly partially through regulating SOX2 expression, suggesting that the miR­200c­3p­SOX2 loop may serve as a potential target for the reversal of paclitaxel resistance in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , MicroRNAs/genética , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/metabolismo
17.
J Cancer ; 9(19): 3467-3478, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310503

RESUMO

Background: We have previously reported the prognostic value of the albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who are not receiving any standard anticancer therapy. However, the prognostic value of the AAPR for HCC patients treated with trans-catheter arterial chemoembolization therapy (TACE) was not investigated. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 372 HCC patients treated with TACE (the training cohort) and applied receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC curves) to identify the best cut-off value for the AAPR in this cohort. Then, univariate analyses by the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analysis by a Cox proportional hazards regression model were conducted. Both comparisons of the ROC curves and the likelihood ratio test (LRT) were employed to evaluate the abilities of different factors in predicting the survival of patients in this cohort. Finally, the prognostic value of the AAPR was validated in two cohorts: one included 202 HCC patients treated with supportive care (validation cohort I), and the other included 82 HCC patients treated with TACE (validation cohort II). Results: We identified 0.439 as the best cut-off value of the AAPR by ROC curve analysis. An AAPR > 0.439 was significantly correlated with a lower frequency of Child-Pugh grade B, portal vein tumour thrombus (PVTT), T3-4 and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). The median overall survival (OS) of the patients with an AAPR > 0.439 was significantly longer than that of those with an AAPR ≤ 0.439 (58.4 m vs 17.8 m, respectively, P < 0.001). The AAPR was identified as an independent prognostic factor after univariate and multivariate analyses (HR = 0.636, P = 0.003). The independent prognostic value of the AAPR was also confirmed in validation cohorts I and II. Additionally, we substituted the AAPR for the Child-Pugh grade in the CLIP system and integrated the AAPR into the TNM system. We found that the area under the curve (AUC) of the AAPR-CLIP system was significantly larger than that of the CLIP and the TNM when predicting 3-month, 6-month, 1-year and 2-year survival (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the AUCs for the AAPR-CLIP and the AAPR-TNM. The LRT suggested that both AAPR-CLIP and AAPR-TNM had significantly larger χ2 values and smaller AIC values than that of their corresponding primary system (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The AAPR was an independent prognostic index for the HCC patients treated with TACE. Both AAPR-CLIP and AAPR-TNM outperformed their corresponding primary system in predicting OS in the current study.

18.
Cancer Med ; 7(8): 3662-3672, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29984918

RESUMO

The hematogenous metastatic pattern of gastric cancer (GC) was not fully explored. Here we analyzed the frequency and clinicopathological features of metastasis to liver, lung, bone, and brain from GC patients. Data queried for this analysis included GC patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database from 2010 to 2014. All of statistical analyses were performed using the Intercooled Stata 13.0 (Stata Corporation, College Station, TX). All statistical tests were two-sided. Totally, there were 19 022 eligible patients for analysis. At the time of diagnosis, there were 7792 patients at stage IV, including 3218 (41.30%) patients with liver metastasis, 1126 (14.45%) with lung metastasis, 966 (12.40%) with bone metastasis and 151 (1.94%) with brain metastasis. GC patients with lung or liver metastasis have a higher risk of bone and brain metastasis than those without lung nor liver metastasis. Intestinal subtype had significantly higher rate of liver and lung metastasis, while diffuse type was more likely to have bone metastasis. Proximal stomach had significantly higher risk to develop metastasis than distal stomach. African-Americans had the highest risk of liver metastasis and Caucasian had the highest prone to develop lung and brain metastasis. The median survival for patients with liver, lung, bone, and brain metastasis was 4 months, 3 months, 4 months and 3 months, respectively. It is important to evaluate the status of bone and brain metastasis in GC patients with lung or liver metastasis. Knowledge of metastatic patterns is helpful for clinicians to design personalized pretreatment imaging evaluation for GC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/história , Neoplasias Encefálicas/história , Feminino , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/história , Neoplasias Pulmonares/história , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Neoplasias Gástricas/história , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
J Cancer ; 9(13): 2380-2388, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026834

RESUMO

Background: The Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score is commonly used for prognosis prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The CLIP includes the Child-Pugh grade, which is relatively subjective, for hepatic encephalopathy assessment. A newly developed scoring system called albumin-bilirubin grade (ALBI grade), consists of albumin and bilirubin to assess liver function reserve objectively. Here, we substituted the ALBI grade for the Child-Pugh grade to establish the ALBI-CLIP scoring system and validated its prognostic value in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC patients treated with trans-catheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) therapy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed HBV-related HCC patients who received TACE therapy. Baseline characteristics were collected and evaluated to classify patients according to ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM systems. Univariate analyses using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test, as well as multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazards regression model, were conducted to detect independent prognostic factors for overall survival. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and a likelihood ratio test (LRT) were both utilized to compare the values of ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM staging systems in predicting survival. Results: With a total of 389 patients included in the current study, 301 (77.4%) and 88 (22.6%) were classified as Child-Pugh grade A and B, respectively. However, 152 (39.1%), 227 (58.4%) and 10 (2.5%) patients were correspondingly classified into ALBI grade 1, 2 and 3. The areas under the curves of ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM systems were 0.804, 0.778 and 0.734, respectively, for predicting 3-month survival; 0.796, 0.778 and 0.733, respectively, for 6-month survival; 0.697, 0.687 and 0.644, respectively, for 1-year survival; and 0.618, 0.612 and 0.569, respectively, for 2-year survival. The LRT indicated that the ALBI-CLIP and the CLIP had similar values of χ2 and Akaike information criterion (AIC) while the TNM system had the smallest χ2 value (χ2 = 12.1, 11.9, 10.5; AIC = 2620.2, 2620.5, 2621.1 for ALBI-CLIP, CLIP and TNM, respectively). Conclusions: In conclusion, our present study suggested that the ALBI-CLIP scoring system retained the prognostic value of the CLIP in HBV-related HCC treated with TACE therapy.

20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 99: 445-450, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29665645

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in neoplasm growth, metastasis, vasculogenesis, and drug resistance. It has been validated that abnormal miR-195 expression was related with poor survival of prostate cancer (PC); however, its role in the resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs docetaxel (DOC) in PC is still acquainted scarcely. In our study, the lower expression of miR-195 was appeared in DOC-resistant PC cells (DU145/DOC) rather than DOC-sensitive DU145 cells. The up-regulation of miR-195 lowered the IC50 of DOC, facilitated the apoptosis and inhibited the colony formation ability in DU145/DOC cells. Moreover, we also found that miR-195 had the binding site with clusterin (CLU) by the online TargetScan database mining. Luciferase tests revealed that miR-195 binds to the 3'-UTR of CLU. MiR-195 overexpression decreased the amassment of CLU in DU145/DOC cells. Knockdown of CLU diminished the IC50 of DOC and enhanced the apoptosis of DU145/DOC cells, which was consistent with the influence of miR-195 on DOC-induced cell apoptosis. Taken together, our results illuminated that miR-195 improved the sensitivity of resistant PC cells to DOC by suppressing CLU. Hence, miR-195 may be a potentially promising molecular target for drug resistance of PC.


Assuntos
Clusterina/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Clusterina/metabolismo , Docetaxel , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Taxoides/farmacologia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/genética
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