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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 105973, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677992

RESUMO

Sepsis is a syndrome of life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by dysregulated host responses to infection. Macrophage polarization is a key process involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Recent evidence has demonstrated that autophagy participates in the regulation of macrophage polarization in different phases of inflammation. Here, we investigated whether trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, promotes the macrophage M2 phenotype by enhancing autophagy to counteract excessive inflammation in a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) mouse model. TSA stimulation increased the proportions of M2 marker (CD206, CD124 and CD23)-labeled RAW264.7 macrophages. Furthermore, with increasing TSA doses, autophagy was enhanced gradually. Interestingly, the autophagy activator rapamycin (Rap), also known as an mTOR inhibitor, unexpectedly decreased the proportions of M2 marker-labeled macrophages. However, TSA treatment reversed the Rap-induced decreases in CD206-labeled macrophages. Next, we stimulated different groups of RAW264.7 cells with the autophagy inhibitors MHY1485 or 3-methyladenine (3-MA). Inhibition of autophagy at any stage in the process suppressed TSA-induced macrophage M2 polarization, but the effect was not associated with mTOR activity. In vivo, TSA administration promoted peritoneal macrophage M2 polarization, increased LC3 II expression, attenuated sepsis-induced organ (lung, liver and kidney) injury, and altered systemic inflammatory cytokine secretion. However, 3-MA abolished the protective effects of TSA in CLP mice and decreased the number of M2 peritoneal macrophages. Therefore, TSA promotes the macrophage M2 phenotype by enhancing autophagy to reduce systemic inflammation and ultimately improves the survival of mice with polymicrobial sepsis.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15616, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666604

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are known to play essential role in the gene expression regulation in cancer. In our research, next-generation sequencing technology was applied to explore the abnormal miRNA expression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in Chinese hamster. A total of 3 novel miRNAs (Novel-117, Novel-118, and Novel-135) and 11 known miRNAs (crg-miR-130b-3p, crg-miR-142-5p, crg-miR-21-3p, crg-miR-21-5p, crg-miR-542-3p, crg-miR-486-3p, crg-miR-499-5p, crg-miR-504, crg-miR-34c-5p, crg-miR-34b-5p and crg-miR-34c-3p) were identified. We conducted functional analysis, finding that 340 biological processes, 47 cell components, 46 molecular functions were associated with OSCC. Meanwhile the gene expression of Caspase-9, Caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and the protein expression of PTEN and p-AKT by immunohistochemistry. Our research proposed further insights to the profiles of these miRNAs and provided a basis for investigating the regulatory mechanisms involved in oral cancer research.

3.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 289-292, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701707

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of Sestrin2 protein on lung epithelial Beas-2B cells in the heat-exposure environment and its mechanism. METHODS: Lung epithelial Beas-2B cells were cultured at 37℃, 39℃, 40℃ and 41℃ respectively. Cells were harvested at different times (0, 3, 6 and 12 h) after pancreatin digestion. The expressions of Sestrin2, superoxide dismutase(SOD), reactive oxygen species(ROS), cell mitochondrial membrane potential and apoptosis rate of cells were detected by Western blot, fluorescence spectrophotometer and flow cytometry, respectively. Gene expression sequence was cloned into high expression plasmid pcDNA3.1+. Beas-2B cells were transfected by Lipfectamine 2000 to construct Sestrin2 and SOD high expression cells. The changes of mitochondrial membrane potential and cell apoptosis were observed in the Sestrin2 and SOD high expression cells. RESULTS: With the increase of temperature, the expression level of Sestrin2 protein in heat treatment group was decreased compared with the control group. When Beas-2B cells were exposed to 41℃, the ROS level was increased, mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased significantly and apoptosis rate was increased at different time points. After high expression of Sestrin2 and SOD in the Beas-2B cells, the expression level of ROS was decreased and the change tendency of mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased, and the apoptosis rate was reduced at 41℃ exposure. CONCLUSION: Sestrin2 can alleviate the apoptosis of lung epithelial cells induced by heat exposure through mitochondrial membrane potential and SOD, which has protective effect on lung epithelial Beas-2B cells.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15340, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653960

RESUMO

To explore the association between methylation of antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) and coronary artery disease (CAD) development. Methylation levels of ANRIL in 100 subjects with CAD and 100 controls were quantitatively analyzed using Sequenom MassARRAY. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis was used to identify novel pathways. Our analyses indicated that 7 to 8 CpG sites within the 2nd CpG island located upstream of ANRIL, also known as cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B - antisense 1 (CDKN2B-AS1), are hyper-methylated in CAD subjects compared to controls (p = 0.034). The 40th CpG site within the 2nd CpG island located upstream of CDKN2B-AS1 was methylated to a lesser extent in CAD subjects compared to controls (p = 0.045). Both Pearson and Spearman analyses indicated that methylation levels were significantly associated with total cholesterol (r = 0.204, p = 0.004), fasting high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = 0.165, p = 0.020), and fasting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = 0.265, p = 0.000). KEGG pathway analysis revealed a significant enrichment of genes associated with the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway. Among them, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBPß) was identified as a key transcription factor that promotes expression of CDKN2B-AS1 through promotor interaction. DNA methylation of the ANRIL promoter was significantly associated with CAD development in our study. Our analyses suggest that C/EBPß is a key transcription factor that promotes CDKN2B-AS1 expression by directly interacting with the gene promotor mediated by TNF signaling.

5.
Radiol Oncol ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626590

RESUMO

Background Cervical cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies among females worldwide. Increasing evidence have indicated the participation of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the progression and metastasis of cervical cancer. Our present study was conducted to explore the effects of lncRNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) on the progression of cervical cancer and the underlying mechanisms. Materials and methods Expressions of PVT1, miR-140-5p and Smad3 in cervical cancer cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase assays were used to elucidate the potential correlations between PVT1, miR-140-5p and Smad3. The roles of PVT1 on the progression of cervical cancer cells were determined by transfecting sh-RNA through series function assays such as colony formation assay, wound healing assay, transwell assay. Results PVT1 and Smad3 were upregulated, and miR-140-5p was downregulated in cervical cancer cells. PVT1 could bind directly with miR-140-5p, and Smad3 was a downstream target of miR-140-5p. Inhibition of PVT1 could enhance expression of miR-140-5p, inhibit the expression of Smad3, significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion in cervical cancer cells. While transfection of miR-140-5p inhibitor could partially reverse the above changes in cervical cancer cells. Conclusions The results revealed that PVT1 could promote the proliferation and metastasis via increasing the Smad3 expression by sponging miR-140-5p, which might be a promising prognostic and therapeutic target for cervical cancer.

6.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 36(5): 763-768, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631624

RESUMO

Focus on the inconsistency of the shape, location and size of brain glioma, a dual-channel 3-dimensional (3D) densely connected network is proposed to automatically segment brain glioma tumor on magnetic resonance images. Our method is based on a 3D convolutional neural network frame, and two convolution kernel sizes are adopted in each channel to extract multi-scale features in different scales of receptive fields. Then we construct two densely connected blocks in each pathway for feature learning and transmission. Finally, the concatenation of two pathway features was sent to classification layer to classify central region voxels to segment brain tumor automatically. We train and test our model on open brain tumor segmentation challenge dataset, and we also compared our results with other models. Experimental results show that our algorithm can segment different tumor lesions more accurately. It has important application value in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of brain tumor diseases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Redes Neurais (Computação)
7.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(10): e1914084, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651972

RESUMO

Importance: Physical activity is inversely associated with hip fracture risk in older women. However, the association of physical activity with fracture at other sites and the role of sedentary behavior remain unclear. Objective: To assess the associations of physical activity and sedentary behavior with fracture incidence among postmenopausal women. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Women's Health Initiative prospective cohort study enrolled 77 206 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years between October 1993 and December 1998 at 40 US clinical centers. Participants were observed for outcomes through September 2015, with data analysis conducted from June 2017 to August 2019. Exposures: Self-reported physical activity and sedentary time. Main Outcomes and Measures: Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for total and site-specific fracture incidence. Results: During a mean (SD) follow-up period of 14.0 (5.2) years among 77 206 women (mean [SD] age, 63.4 [7.3] years; 66 072 [85.6%] white), 25 516 (33.1%) reported a first incident fracture. Total physical activity was inversely associated with the multivariable-adjusted risk of hip fracture (>17.7 metabolic equivalent [MET] h/wk vs none: HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.72-0.95; P for trend < .001). Inverse associations with hip fracture were also observed for walking (>7.5 MET h/wk vs none: HR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.78-0.98; P for trend = .01), mild activity (HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.73-0.93; P for trend = .003), moderate to vigorous activity (HR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.81-0.96; P for trend = .002), and yard work (HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.82-0.99; P for trend = .04). Total activity was positively associated with knee fracture (>17.7 MET h/wk vs none: HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.05-1.50; P for trend = .08). Mild activity was associated with lower risks of clinical vertebral fracture (HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.78-0.96; P for trend = .006) and total fractures (HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.87-0.94; P for trend < .001). Moderate to vigorous activity was positively associated with wrist or forearm fracture (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.03-1.15; P for trend = .004). After controlling for covariates and total physical activity, sedentary time was positively associated with total fracture risk (>9.5 h/d vs <6.5 h/d: HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.07; P for trend = .01). When analyzed jointly, higher total activity mitigated some of the total fracture risk associated with sedentary behavior. Analysis of time-varying exposures resulted in somewhat stronger associations for total physical activity, whereas those for sedentary time were materially unchanged. Conclusions and Relevance: In older ambulatory women, higher total physical activity was associated with lower total and hip fracture risk but higher knee fracture risk. Mild activity and walking were associated with lower hip fracture risk, a finding with important public health implications because these activities are common in older adults. The positive association between sedentary time and total fracture risk requires further investigation.

8.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 146: 111581, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629228

RESUMO

Rapid thermal cycling (RTC) in an on-chip device can perform DNA amplification in vitro through precise thermal control at each step of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This study reports a straightforward fabrication technique for patterning an on-chip graphene-based device with hole arrays, in which the mechanism of surface structures can achieve stable and uniform thermal control for the amplification of DNA fragments. A thin-film based PCR device was fabricated using picosecond laser (PS-laser) ablation of the multilayer graphene (MLG). Under the optimal fluence of 4.72 J/cm2 with a pulse overlap of 66%, the MLG can be patterned with arrays of 250 µm2 hole surface structures. A 354-bp DNA fragment of VP1, an effective marker for diagnosing the BK virus, was amplified on an on-chip device in less than 60 min. A thin-film electrode with the aforementioned MLG as the heater was demonstrated to significantly enhance temperature stability for each stage of the thermal cycle. The temperature control of the heater was performed by means of a developed programmable PCR apparatus. Our results demonstrated that the proposed integration of a graphene-based device and a laser-pulse ablation process to form a thin-film PCR device has cost benefits in a small-volume reagent and holds great promise for practical medical use of DNA amplification.

9.
Redox Biol ; 28: 101343, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced mitochondrial oxidative damage is critical to intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and PRDX3 is an efficient H2O2 scavenger that protects cells from mitochondrial oxidative damage and apoptosis. However, the function of PRDX3 in intestinal I/R injury is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the precise mechanism underlying the involvement of PRDX3 in intestinal I/R injury. METHODS: An intestinal I/R model was established in mice with superior mesenteric artery occlusion, and Caco-2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) for the in vivo simulation of I/R. RESULTS: PRDX3 expression was decreased during intestinal I/R injury, and PRDX3 overexpression significantly attenuated H/R-induced mitochondrial oxidative damage and apoptosis in Caco-2 cells. The level of acetylated PRDX3 was clearly increased both in vivo and in vitro. The inhibition of SIRTs by nicotinamide (NAM) increased the level of acetylated PRDX3 and impaired the antioxidative activity of PRDX3. Furthermore, NAM did not increase the acetylation of PRDX3 in sirtuin-3 (SIRT3)-knockdown Caco-2 cells. Importantly, PRDX3 acetylation was increased in mice lacking SIRT3, and this effect was accompanied by serious mitochondrial oxidative damage, apoptosis and remote organ damage after intestinal I/R injury. We screened potential sites of PRDX3 acetylation in the previously reported acetylproteome through immunoprecipitation (IP) experiments and found that SIRT3 deacetylates K253 on PRDX3 in Caco-2 cells. Furthermore, PRDX3 with the lysine residue K253 mutated to arginine (K253R) increased its dimerization in Caco-2 cells after subjected to 12 h hypoxia and followed 4 h reoxygenation. Caco-2 cells transfected with the K253R plasmid exhibited notably less mitochondrial damage and apoptosis, and transfection of the K253Q plasmid abolished the protective effect of PRDX3 overexpression. Analysis of ischemic intestines from clinical patients further verified the correlation between SIRT3 and PRDX3. CONCLUSIONS: PRDX3 is a key protective factor for intestinal I/R injury, and SIRT3-mediated PRDX3 deacetylation can alleviate intestinal I/R-induced mitochondrial oxidative damage and apoptosis.

10.
Nanoscale ; 11(43): 20614-20619, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641724

RESUMO

Moisture-responsive actuators based on graphene oxide (GO) have attracted intensive research interest in recent years. However, current GO actuators suffer from low mechanical strength. Inspired by the robustness of nacre's structure, moisture-responsive actuators with high mechanical strength and self-healing properties were successfully developed based on GO and cellulose fiber (CF) hybrids. The hybrid paper demonstrated significantly improved tensile strength, ∼20 times higher than that of pure GO paper, and self-healing properties. A broken paper can be well cured under moist conditions, and the mechanical properties of the self-healed hybrid paper can still maintain similar tensile strength to the pristine one. After controllable ultraviolet light photoreduction treatment, a hybrid paper with a photoreduction gradient along the normal direction was prepared, which can act as a moisture-responsive actuator. A maximum bending curvature of ∼1.48 cm-1 can be achieved under high relative humidity (RH = 97%). As a proof-of-concept, a butterfly-like actuator that can deform itself with moisture actuation was demonstrated. Our approach may pave a new way for designing robust and self-healable graphene actuators.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 248: 112302, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614203

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The pregnane-X-receptor (PXR) is involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patchouli alcohol (PA) has anti-inflammatory effects; however, the effect of PA on IBD pathogenesis remains largely unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of PA, primarily focused on crosstalk between PA-mediated PXR activation and NF-κB inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of PA with respect to PXR/NF-κB signalling using in vitro and in vivo models. In vitro, PA, identified as a PXR agonist, was evaluated by hPXR transactivation assays and through assessing for CYP3A4 expression and activity. NF-κB inhibition was analysed based on NF-κB luciferase assays, NF-κB-mediated pro-inflammatory gene expression, and NF-κB nuclear translocation after activation of PXR by PA. In vivo, colonic mPXR and NF-κB signalling were analysed to assess PA-mediated the protective effect against dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of PXR was further evaluated by examining PA protection against DSS-induced colitis. RESULTS: PA induced CYP3A4 expression and activity via an hPXR-dependent mechanism. PA-mediated PXR activation attenuated inflammation by inhibiting NF-κB activity and nuclear translocation. The anti-inflammatory effect of PA on NF-κB was abolished by PXR knockdown. PA prevented DSS-induced inflammation by regulating PXR/NF-κB signalling, whereas pharmacological PXR inhibition abated PA-mediated suppressive effects on NF-κB inflammation signalling. CONCLUSIONS: PA activates PXR signalling and suppresses NF-κB signalling, consequently causing amelioration of inflammation. Our results highlight the importance of PXR-NF-κB crosstalk in colitis and suggest a novel therapeutic reagent.

12.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(11): 104352, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retinoic acid (RA), an active metabolite of vitamin A, possesses enormous protective effects on vascular systems. It may also be positively related to good functional outcome after ischemic stroke. However, whether circulating RA concentration is associated with poststroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) remains unclear. This study aimed to detect the association between RA level and PSCI among patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Two hundred and 61 consecutive patients were prospectively recruited during March 2018 and March 2019. Serum RA concentration was measured at admission for all patients. We also performed cognitive function examination using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) at admission and at every follow-up visit. Patients with MoCA score less than 26 were identified as developing PSCI. RESULTS: The median serum RA level was 2.0 ng/mL (interquartile range, 1.1-3.2 ng/mL) after admission. Patients diagnosed as PSCI at admission, 1-month and 3-month were 53 (20.3%), 91 (34.6%), and 141 (54.0%), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that reduced RA level was correlated with PSCI at 3-month (P = .003), but not at admission (P = .416) and 1-month poststroke (P = .117). After adjusting for all potential confounders, the odds ratio for the lowest tertile of RA, compared with the highest tertile, was 1.97 (95% confidence interval, 1.01-3.83, P = .046) for PSCI at 3 months. Furthermore, multiple-adjusted spline regression model further confirmed the dose-response relationships between RA level and 3-month PSCI (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Decreasing serum RA level might be associated with 3-month PSCI in ischemic stroke patients.

13.
Stem Cell Res ; 40: 101555, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491691

RESUMO

The induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line XHCSUi001-A generated from urine cells of a female spinocerebellar ataxia type 3/Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3/MJD) patient by using the integration-free methods. The induced XHCSUi001-A retained the disease-causing ATXN3 mutation, expressed pluripotency markers, exhibited a normal karyotype and retained the ability to differentiate into the three germ layers in-vitro and in-vivo. This newly induced iPSC line could be a potential tool for researching the disease-specific mechanisms and drug screening of SCA3/MJD.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513096

RESUMO

: Study Design. Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze altered functional connectivity (FC)in the visual cortex of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients using resting-state fMRI. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: We previously showed changes in visual cortex neural activity in CSM patients. METHODS: Thirty CSM patients and 20 healthy controls were recruited. MR data were collected using a 3.0 T MR. FC of the regions of interest (ROI) (Brodmann's areas (BA) 17/18/19/7) were calculated in a voxel-wise manner and compared between groups. Correlation analyses were performed between preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores and altered FC, as well as between preoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and altered FC. Furthermore, the FC where was compared between the pre-operative and the postoperative CSM patients in an ROI-wise manner. RESULTS: Increased FC was found between BA19 and the cerebellum inferior lobe; between the left BA7 and bilateral calcarine, right lingual, right fusiform gyrus, and left precuneus (BA17);between the left BA7 and right fusiform gyrus and right inferior occipital gyrus (right BA19); and between the right BA7 and right superior lobe of cerebellum (right BA19)in CSM patients (P < 0.05). A negative correlation was found between JOA score and FC of the left and right BA19, and a positive correlation was found between the BCVA and FC of the left and right BA7 (P < 0.05). ROI analysis demonstrated statistically significant FC differences in between the pre-operative and the postoperative CSM patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: FC changes were present in the visual cortex of CSM patients, which negatively correlated with preoperative JOA scores and positively correlated with preoperative BCVA. Significant recovery of FC in the visual cortex was detected in CSM patients postoperatively. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 13429, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530864

RESUMO

In this paper, a band-pass filter based on half-mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) and double-layer spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SSPPs) consisting of two corrugated metal strips is proposed, which can realize band-pass transmission by etching periodic grooves at the top and bottom metal layers of the HMSIW. Moreover, the influences of important parameters on the performance of the proposed band-pass filter are analyzed by parametric study. By changing the key parameters, the low and high cut-off frequency can be controlled independently. The corresponding equivalent circuit of the proposed band-pass filter is put forward to explain the physical mechanism. Compared with the previous structures, this structure features smaller size, wider bandwidth and lower loss. Simulated results show that the proposed band-pass filter achieves a bandwidth (for |S11| < -10 dB and |S21| > -0.8 dB) of about 69.77% (15.6-32.1 GHz). The measured results have good agreements with the simulated ones, which verify that the proposed band-pass filter has good performances and potential applications at the microwave frequencies.

16.
J Neurol ; 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA8) is a rare autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by CTA/CTG repeat expansion in the ATXN8/ATXN8OS gene. METHODS: To analyze the frequency and clinical characteristics of SCA8 patients in mainland China, we combined polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and triplet repeat-primed PCR (TRP-PCR) to detect the CTA/CTG expansion. We studied a cohort of 362 ataxia patients in which the other known causative genes had been previously excluded, from among 1294 index patients. Positive samples were validated by southern blotting. RESULTS: The CTA/CTG expansion was observed in six probands, accounting for approximately 0.46% (6/1294) in all patients, and 1.66% (6/362) in patients without definite molecular diagnosis. Clinically, aside from the typical SCA8 phenotype, some patients carrying the CTA/CTG expansion exhibited the cerebellar form of multisystem atrophy (MSA-C) and ataxia with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD). CONCLUSION: For the first time, we described the PKD phenotype in association with CTA/CTG expansion, suggesting that CTA/CTG expansion might play a role in the pathogenesis of paroxysmal dyskinesia symptoms.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494851

RESUMO

The different part powders of rape straw as adsorbents were performed to remove zinc ions from aqueous solution in this work. The various factors on influencing removal efficiency of Zn(II) were investigated, and the operational conditions were optimized using the Box-Behnken design of response surface methodology (RSM). Under the optimum conditions obtained, the removal rates of Zn(II) were attained to 100.00%, 78.02%, and 17.00% by straw pith core, seedpods, and shell of rape straw, respectively. Equilibrium and kinetic models were applied to evaluate the adsorption behaviors of Zn(II) on the adsorbents. The equilibrium data were best described by the Langmuir isotherm model, which indicated that the adsorption behaviors were favorably monolayer adsorption processes. The biosorption capacities of Zn(II) were 34.66 mg g-1, 36.41 mg g-1, and 36.74 mg g-1 of rape straw pith core; 23.33 mg g-1, 23.85 mg g-1, and 24.30 mg g-1 of seedpods; and 11.19 mg g-1, 11.23 mg g-1, and 11.27 mg g-1 of shell, respectively, at the various temperatures of 20 °C, 30 °C, and 40 °C based on Langmuir isotherm equation. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model was well to determine the adsorption kinetics, which suggested that ion exchange were occurred during adsorption processes of Zn(II). The characteristics of adsorbents before and after adsorption of Zn(II) were measured using the methods of scanning electron microscope (SEM), zeta potential classes, energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), respectively. The results provided evidences for the adsorption mechanisms of Zn(II) including electrostatic attraction, ion exchange, and functional group involvement on the three part powders of rape straw in aqueous water.

18.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 297, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547871

RESUMO

Odontoblasts are cells that contribute to the formation of the dental pulp complex. The differentiation of dental tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells into odontoblasts comprises many factors and signaling pathways. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), comprising a substantial part of poly-A tail mature RNAs, are considered "transcriptional noise." Emerging evidence has shown that ncRNAs have key functions in the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. In this review, we discussed two major types of ncRNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), in terms of their role in the odontogenic differentiation of dental tissue-derived stem cells. Recent findings have demonstrated important functions for miRNAs and lncRNAs in odontogenic differentiation. It is expected that ncRNAs will become promising therapeutic targets for dentin regeneration based on stem cells.

19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anatomical etiology of right iliac vein compression syndrome (RIVCS) differs from that of left iliac vein compression syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the clinical features and therapeutic characteristics of RIVCS. METHODS: Sixteen patients with nonthrombotic RIVCS were admitted to our hospital from May 2013 to July 2017. All patients underwent computed tomography venography (CTV) examinations of the right lower limb, which indicated that the right iliac veins were compressed by extrinsic structures. RIVCS was divided into 3 types according to the CTV findings. Stenting was conducted in patients with the appropriate indications. The superficial varicose veins in the lower limbs were simultaneously treated during endovascular treatment in a compound operating room. Antiplatelet therapy was administered after discharge. RESULTS: Most RIVCS cases were types II and III, and the most frequently compressed segments were the middle and distal parts of the iliac vein. Most stents did not require stretching into the inferior vena cava and therefore seldom affected contralateral blood flow. Fifteen patients required stenting; the diameters of the stents ranged from 10 to 16 mm. All symptoms were alleviated, and the ulcers healed postoperatively. The remaining single patient with superficial varicose veins did not have an indication for endovascular therapy. During follow-up, all patients were symptom free, and the stents showed excellent patency. CONCLUSIONS: CTV is a simple, accurate, and important method for diagnosing RIVCS. Endovascular therapy is an effective therapeutic method for RIVCS. Compared with the left side, stent implantation for RIVCS is safer and has fewer effects on contralateral blood flow.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449014

RESUMO

This paper quantitatively analyzes the impact of bit errors in digitized RF data on ultrasound image quality. The quality of B-mode images in both linear and phased array imaging is evaluated by means of three objective image quality metrics: peak signal-to-noise ratio, structural similarity index and contrast-to-noise ratio, when bit errors are introduced to the RF data with different bit-error rates (BERs). The effectiveness of coding schemes for forward error detection and correction to improve the image quality is also studied. The results show that ultrasound imaging is inherently resilient to high BER. The image quality suffers unnoticeable degradation for BER lower than 1E-6. Simple 1-bit parity coding with 9% added redundancy helps to retain similar image quality for BER up to 1E-4, and Hamming coding with 33.3% added redundancy allows the BER to increase to 1E-3. These results can serve as a guideline in the datalink design for ultrasound probes with in-probe receive digitization. With much more relaxed BER requirements than in typical datalinks, the design can be optimized by allowing fewer cables with higher data rate per cable or lower power consumption with the same cable count.

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