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1.
Mar Genomics ; 63: 100952, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568402

RESUMO

Roseivivax marinus strain TCYB24 is a rod-shaped bacterium of Rhodobacteraceae isolated from the gill of deep-sea mussel Bathymodiolus marisindicus which collected from the Tiancheng hydrothermal vent under depth of 2700 m on the southwest Indian ridge. In our previous study, the strain TCYB24 was proved to produce quorum sensing signal of N-Acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) and form biofilm. In order to determine its adaptive mechanism against the extreme environment of deep-sea hydrothermal vents, the whole genome was sequenced by high-throughput Illumina tag sequencing. The results show the whole genome consists of one circular chromosome and eight circular plasmids, with a total length of 4.60 Mb (G + C content of 67.4%), 4338 open reading frames, 46 tRNAs and 6 rRNA operons. According to the genome-wide functional annotation, numbers of heavy metal resistance, high pressure and cold adapting related genes were found. In addition, genes about exopolysaccharide (EPS) biosynthesis and secretion and biofilm formation, which facilitate bacteria to resist extreme environments, were identified. Intriguingly, a pair of RaiI/R-type quorum sensing system was discovered firstly in the bacterium isolated from hydrothermal environment. The results may help to understand genetic underpinning of extreme environmental adaptation mechanism of bacteria in deep-sea hydrothermal area.

2.
ACS Omega ; 7(18): 15518-15528, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571827

RESUMO

Biodesulfurization under haloalkaline conditions requires limiting oxygen and additional energy in the system to deliver high mixing quality control. This study considers biodesulfurization in an airlift bioreactor with uniform microbubbles generated by a fluidic oscillation aeration system to enhance the biological desulfurization process and its hydrodynamics. Fluidic oscillation aeration in an airlift bioreactor requires minimal energy input for microbubble generation. This aeration system produced 81.87% smaller average microbubble size than the direct aeration system in a bubble column bioreactor. The biodesulfurization phase achieved a yield of 94.94% biological sulfur, 84.91% biological sulfur selectivity, and 5.06% sulfur oxidation performance in the airlift bioreactor with the microbubble strategy. The biodesulfurization conditions of thiosulfate via Thioalkalivibrio versutus D306 are revealed in this study. The biodesulfurization conditions in the airlift bioreactor with the fluidic oscillation aeration system resulted in the complete conversion of thiosulfate with 27.64% less sulfate production and 10.34% more biological sulfur production than in the bubble column bioreactor. Therefore, pleasant hydrodynamics via an airlift bioreactor mechanism with microbubbles is favored for biodesulfurization under haloalkaline conditions.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 4426-4433, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549480

RESUMO

To better understand the influence of electrolyte chemistry on the ion-desolvation portion of charge-transfer beyond the commonly applied techniques, we apply free-energy sampling to simulations involving diethyl ether (DEE) and 1,3-dioxoloane/1,2-dimethoxyethane (DOL/DME) electrolytes, which display bulk solvation structures dominated by ion-pairing and solvent coordination, respectively. This analysis was conducted at a pristine electrode with and without applied bias at 298 and 213 K to provide insights into the low-temperature charge-transfer behavior, where it has been proposed that desolvation dominates performance. We find that, to reach the inner Helmholtz layer, ion-paired structures are advantageous and that the Li+ ion must reach a total coordination number of 3, which requires the shedding of 1 species in the DEE electrolyte or 2-3 species in DOL/DME. This work represents an effort to predict the distinct thermodynamic states as well as the most probable kinetic pathways of ion desolvation relevant for the charge transfer at electrochemical interphases.

4.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The presence of autonomous cortisol secretion (ACS) in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) is common and potentially associated with poor outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between autonomous cortisol secretion and vascular remodeling in PA patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 436 PA patients from October 2006 to November 2019. ACS (defined as a cortisol level >1.8 µg/dL after a 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test) was detected in 23% of the PA patients. Propensity score matching with age, sex, systolic and diastolic blood pressure was performed. The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was examined at baseline and one year after targeted treatment. Small arteries of periadrenal fat in 46 patients were stained with Picro Sirus red to quantify the severity of vascular fibrosis. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, the PA patients with ACS had a significantly higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, higher plasma aldosterone concentration and higher aldosterone to renin ratio. The baseline mean baPWV was also significantly higher in the PA patients with ACS. After multivariable regression analysis, the presence of ACS was a significant predictor of worse baseline mean baPWV (ß: 235.745, 95% CI: 59.602~411.888, P=0.010). In addition, the PA patients with ACS had worse vascular fibrosis (fibrosis area: 25.6±8.4%) compared to those without ACS (fibrosis area: 19.8±7.7%, P=0.020). After one year of PA treatment, baPWV significantly improved in both groups. CONCLUSION: The presence of ACS in PA patients is associated with worse arterial stiffness and vascular remodeling.

5.
Langmuir ; 38(19): 6191-6200, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508911

RESUMO

Hydrophobins, a new class of potential protein emulsifiers, have been extensively employed in the food, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries. However, the knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanism of protein adsorption at the oil-water interface remains elusive. In this study, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations were performed to probe the adsorption orientation and conformation change of class II hydrophobin HFBI at the cyclohexane-water interface. It was proposed that a hydrophobic dipole of the protein could be used to quantitatively predict the orientation of the adsorbed HFBI. Simulation results revealed that HFBI adsorbed at the interface with the patch-up orientation toward the oil phase, regardless of its initial orientations. HFBI's secondary structure was maintained to be intact in the course of simulations despite relatively significant variations in the tertiary structure observed, which could well preserve the bioactivity of HFBI. From the energy analysis, the driving force for interface adsorption was primarily determined by van der Waals interactions between HFBI and cyclohexane. Further analysis indicated that the adsorption orientation and conformation of HFBI at the oil-water interface were typically regulated by the hydrophobic patch and some key residues. This study provides some insights into the orientation, conformation, and adsorption mechanism of proteins at the oil-water interface and theoretical guidelines for the design and development of novel biological emulsifiers involved in the food, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries.

6.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 24: 100464, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538934

RESUMO

Background: Tobacco dependence is the key barrier to successful smoking cessation. However, little is known about its prevalence, sociodemographic characteristics and determinants. We aimed to estimate the prevalence, associated factors and burden of tobacco dependence in China. Methods: During 2018-2019, the nationally representative 2018 China Health Literacy Survey (2018 CHLS) invited 87,708 participants to participate using a multistage stratified sampling method from 31 provinces (or equivalent) in mainland China, and 84,839 participants aged 20-69 with valid data were included in the analysis. We diagnosed tobacco dependence based on international criteria (ICD-10, DSM-4) and tailored to Chinese population according to China Clinical Guideline for Tobacco Cessation (2015 version). The prevalence of tobacco dependence was estimated overall and by sociodemographic factors. The Logistic regression was conducted to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for tobacco dependence and success of smoking cessation (being ex-smokers), with different levels of adjustment. These were used to estimate the total number of adults who were tobacco dependent in China. Findings: In China, the estimated prevalence of current smoking was 25.1%, significantly higher in men than in women (47.6% vs 1.9%). The prevalence of current smoking varied approximately 3-fold (12.9% to 37.9%) across 31 provinces of China. Among general population aged 20-69 years, the prevalence of tobacco dependence was 13.1% (95% CI:12.2-14.1). Among current smokers, the prevalence of tobacco dependence was 49.7% (46.5-52.9%), with no difference between men and women (49.7% vs 50.8%). The prevalence of tobacco dependence was associated significantly with smoking intensity, defined by pack-years (1.62 [1.54-1.70] per 10 pack-years), cigarettes smoked per day (2.01 [1.78, 2.27] per 10 cigarettes), and smoking starting age (0.93 [0.90, 0.97] per 5 years). Given smoking intensity, the prevalence of tobacco dependence also varied by age, gender, certain socioeconomic status and regions. Compared with those without tobacco dependence, ever smokers with tobacco dependence were less likely to be ex-smokers (2.88, 2.59-3.21). In China, 183.5 (170.4-197.4) million adults (177.5 million were men) were tobacco dependent in 2018. Interpretation: In China, tobacco dependence is highly prevalent, with approximately half of current smokers being addictive, highlighting the need for coordinated effort to improve awareness, diagnosis and treatment of tobacco dependence. Funding: Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS) Initiative for Innovative Medicine (CAMS 2021-I2M-1-010), National Key R&D Program of China (grant no 2017YFC1309400), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no 81720108001). Note: Chinese translation of abstract is available in appendix section.

7.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0049622, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579466

RESUMO

To investigate the contribution of a tet(A) variant to tigecycline resistance in Enterobacter hormaechei and the recombination events that occurred during transmission of this variant. MICs were determined by broth microdilution. E. hormaechei G17 was characterized by PCR, transfer assay, S1-PFGE, Southern blot hybridization, and WGS analysis. A tet(A) variant conferring resistance to tigecycline was present in E. hormaechei G17. This strain harbored two resistance plasmids (pG17-1, 264,084 bp and pG17-2, 68,610 bp) and its E. coli transformant Tm-G17TGC one resistance plasmid (pTm-G17, 93,013 bp). The comparative analysis of pG17-1, pG17-2, and pTm-G17 showed that a tet(A) variant-carrying multiresistance gene cluster (~23 kb) originating from pG17-1 had integrated into pG17-2, forming the novel plasmid pTm-G17. In a first step, this multiresistance gene cluster was excised from pG17-1 by recombination of homologous sequences, including △TnAs1 at both termini, thereby generating an unconventional circularizable structure (UCS). In a second step, this UCS integrated into pG17-2 via recombination between homologous sequences, including IS26 present on both, the UCS and pG17-2, thereby giving rise to the new plasmid pTm-G17. In summary, a tet(A) variant conferring resistance to tigecycline was reported in E. hormaechei. Transfer of a tet(A) variant-carrying multiresistance gene cluster between plasmids occurred in a two-step recombination process, in which homologous sequences, including either △TnAs1 or IS26, were involved. IMPORTANCE Tigecycline is an important last-resort broad spectrum antimicrobial agent. This study describes the two-step recombination processes resulting in the transfer of the tet(A) variant gene between different plasmids in E. hormaechei, which depicts the role of recombination processes in the generation of UCSs and new plasmids, both carrying a tet(A) variant conferring resistance to tigecycline. Such processes enhance the dissemination of resistance genes, which is of particular relevance for resistance genes, such as the tet(A) variant. The presence and transmission of a tet(A) variant in E. hormaechei will compromise the efficacy of tigecycline treatment for E. hormaechei associated infection.

10.
Front Oncol ; 12: 837560, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35480107

RESUMO

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the restoration of CD8+PD-1+ T cells through adoptive T-cell therapy (ACT) in relation to the prognosis and the therapeutic response to anti-PD-1 in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC). Methods: A total of 177 adult patients who underwent tumor resection as initial treatment for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) from February 2013 to July 2019 at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University were enrolled in this study. Another cohort of 32 patients with APC was prospectively enrolled from Capital Medical University Cancer Center between June 1, 2013, and May 30, 2019. Results: Of the 177 patients who received tumor resection, 67 tumor samples showed overexpression of PD-L1 and 110 patients with low expression of PD-L1. We found that overexpressed PD-L1 was a significant prognostic factor related to overall survival (OS). Furthermore, we tested the percentage of peripheral CD8+PD-1+ T cells in all patients and found that it was significantly correlated with the PD-L1 expression and the prognosis of patients with PDAC. The peripheral blood T lymphocyte subtypes were tracked for 30 months, and CD8+PD-1+ cells were shown to decrease. After that, we performed ACT for patients with APC in another cancer center. We found that the ratios of posttreatment of ACT/pre-ACT CD8+PD-1+ T cells were significantly related to the prognosis of patients with APC. Moreover, patients with combined treatment of ACT with anti-PD-1 had significantly favorable OS. Conclusions: This study showed that the CD8+PD-1+ T-cell level was related to the expression of PD-L1. Restoring CD8+PD-1+ T cells in patients with APC by treatment of ACT significantly benefits the prognosis and facilitates the response to anti-PD-1.

11.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e049789, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to clarify the difference between extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) in postoperative cancer-specific death. DESIGN: Patients diagnosed with ECC and ICC after surgery, who are identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results programme, are eligible for this retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Survival between groups was compared using the traditional Kaplan-Meier method and the cumulative incidence function (CIF) method. Propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis was conducted to balance the differences in vital variables between groups. The HR and 95% CI for ECC relative to ICC were used to quantify the risk of death. Subgroup analysis was further used to evaluate the stability of the differences between groups. RESULTS: The study included 876 patients with ECC and 1194 patients with ICC. Before PSM, with the Kaplan-Meier method, postoperative overall survival and cancer-specific death for ECC were worse than those for ICC. However, with the CIF method, no difference in postoperative cancer-specific death was found. After PSM, all differences in the considered traits were balanced, and 173 pairs of patients were retained. Survival analysis found that there was no difference in postoperative all-cause death (Kaplan-Meier method, p=0.186) or cancer-specific death (Kaplan-Meier and CIF methods, p=0.500 and p=0.913, respectively), which was consistent with subgroup analysis. CONCLUSIONS: ECC and ICC showed no difference in postoperative cancer-specific death, both in the natural state and in multiple variable-matched conditions. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: researchregistry4175.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(4)2022 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456407

RESUMO

Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) leads to a large societal burden. Recently, tRNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs), a novel type of noncoding RNA (ncRNAs), have been identified. However, the expression patterns and functions of tsRNAs in MIBC have not yet been identified. Here, RNA sequencing, bioinformatics, and quantitative reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to screen the expression profiles and predict the potential roles of tsRNAs in MIBC. Of 406 tsRNAs differentially expressed in MIBC tissues, 91 tsRNAs were significantly differentially expressed. Then, four candidate tsRNAs, tiRNA-1:34-Val-CAC-2, tiRNA-1:33-Gly-GCC-1, tRF-1:32-Gly-GCC-1, and tRF-+1:T20-Ser-TGA-1, were selected. Next, a bioinformatics analysis showed the potential target genes and tsRNA-mRNA network. The most significant and meaningful terms of gene ontology were the positive regulation of the phosphate metabolic process, lamellipodium, and protein-cysteine S-acyltransferase activity in the biological process, cellular component, and molecular function, respectively. In addition, the top four pathways were predicted by the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database (KEGG). Finally, qRT-PCR demonstrated a similar expression pattern compared to sequencing data for the candidate tsRNAs. In short, we find differential expression profiles and predict that tiRNA-1:33-Gly-GCC-1, tRF-1:32-Gly-GCC-1, and tRF-+1:T20-Ser-TGA-1 are very likely to engage in the pathophysiological process of MIBC via regulating the target genes in the key pathways.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos/metabolismo , RNA , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética
13.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(4): 374, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440077

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by poor response to standard therapies and therefore unfavorable clinical outcomes. Better understanding of TNBC and new therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. ROR nuclear receptors are multifunctional transcription factors with important roles in circadian pathways and other processes including immunity and tumorigenesis. Nobiletin (NOB) is a natural compound known to display anticancer effects, and our previous studies showed that NOB activates RORs to enhance circadian rhythms and promote physiological fitness in mice. Here, we identified several TNBC cell lines being sensitive to NOB, by itself or in combination. Cell and xenograft experiments showed that NOB significantly inhibited TNBC cell proliferation and motility in vitro and in vivo. ROR loss- and gain-of-function studies showed concordant effects of the NOB-ROR axis on MDA-MB-231 cell growth. Mechanistically, we found that NOB activates ROR binding to the ROR response elements (RRE) of the IκBα promoter, and NOB strongly inhibited p65 nuclear translocation. Consistent with transcriptomic analysis indicating cancer and NF-κB signaling as major pathways altered by NOB, p65-inducible expression abolished NOB effects, illustrating a requisite role of NF-κB suppression mediating the anti-TNBC effect of NOB. Finally, in vivo mouse xenograft studies showed that NOB enhanced the antitumor efficacy in mammary fat pad implanted TNBC, as a single agent or in combination with the chemotherapy agent Docetaxel. Together, our study highlights an anti-TNBC mechanism of ROR-NOB via suppression of NF-κB signaling, suggesting novel preventive and chemotherapeutic strategies against this devastating disease.


Assuntos
Flavonas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Flavonas/farmacologia , Flavonas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessment of quality in the perioperative period is critical to ensure good patient care. Textbook outcomes (TO) have been proposed to combine several parameters into a single defined quality metric. The association of preoperative body mass index (BMI) with incidences of achieving or not achieving TO (non-TO) among patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was characterized. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative-intent hepatectomy for HCC between 2015 and 2018 were identified from a multicenter database. These patients were divided into three groups based on preoperative BMI: low-BMI (≤ 18.4 kg/m2), normal-BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), and high-BMI (≥ 25.0 kg/m2). The incidences of non-TO among these three groups were compared. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify whether there was any independent association between preoperative BMI and non-TO. RESULTS: Among 1206 patients, 100 (8.3%), 660 (54.7%), and 446 (37.0%) were in the low-BMI, normal-BMI, and high-BMI groups, respectively. The incidence of non-TO was 65.6% in the whole cohort. The incidence of non-TO was significantly higher among patients in the low- and high-BMI cohorts versus the normal-BMI cohort (75.0% and 74.7% versus 58.0%, both P < 0.01). After adjustment of other confounding factors on multivariate analysis, low-BMI and high-BMI were independently associated with higher incidences of non-TO compared with normal-BMI (OR: 1.98 and 2.27, both P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Two out of three patients did not achieve TO after hepatectomy for HCC. Both preoperative low-BMI and high-BMI were independently associated with lower odds to achieve optimal TO following HCC resection.

15.
Imaging Sci Dent ; 52(1): 19-25, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387101

RESUMO

Purpose: This study evaluated the distance from the posterior root apices to the maxillary sinus floor (MSF) and the frequency of roots touching or protruding through the MSF using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: This study included 100 subjects divided into different vertical and anteroposterior skeletal growth patterns. On CBCT images, the distance from the posterior root apices to MSF was measured and the frequency of roots touching or protruding through the MSF was evaluated using NNT software (version 5.3.0.0; ImageWorks, Elmsford, NY, USA). Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the distance from the posterior root apices to the MSF among vertical skeletal groups (P>0.05). The palatal roots of the first molar and the palatal, mesio-buccal and disto-buccal roots of the second molars had significantly less distance from MSF in skeletal class II than in class III (P<0.05). The high-angle group had the highest frequencies of roots touching or protruding into the maxillary sinus (49.8%); the lowest proportion of these roots was found in skeletal class III (28.3%) and the highest proportion in class II (50.3%). Males had shorter distances from the posterior root apices to the MSF and higher frequencies of roots protruding through or touching the MSF than females. Conclusion: Anteroposterior skeletal growth patterns and sex affected the distances from the maxillary posterior roots to the MSF. The frequency of roots protruding into or touching the sinus was affected by both vertical and anteroposterior skeletal groups and sex. These findings have implications for dental practice.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 834: 155108, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398128

RESUMO

Polylactic acid (PLA), an alternative to petroleum-based plastics, has been widely used in food packaging and disposable tableware for biodegradable properties. As a result, PLA fragments were often mixed with kitchen waste (KW) and disposed of together. This study aimed to assess the fate of polylactic acid microplastics (PMP) when co-digested with KW. The spiked PMP did not increase the methane yield of KW but had deformation and fragmentation at mesophilic and thermophilic conditions, respectively. Identification of physicochemical properties and leachates showed that the anaerobic digestion of the KW process caused the aging and fragmentation of PMP, including the generation of irregular cracking and tiny daughter particles, the increase of oxygen-containing functional groups, and the releasing of dissolved organic matters (DOM). The thermophilic anaerobic digestion with KW enhanced the aging and fragmentation of PMP to the highest degree, which was attributed to the high temperature and enriched microorganisms (Peptococcaceae, Tepidimicrobium, and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_7) in the biofilm. Clostridium_sensu_stricto_7 was only found in the anaerobic digestion with KW, which meant the KW anaerobic digestion could contribute to the enrichment of microorganisms that promoted the PMP degradation.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468610

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: CD8+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play an important role in human's immune tolerance. The study was aimed to assess the influence of budesonide nasal spray on CD8+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs and to evaluate their cellular functions in neutrophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNPs). METHODS: Fifteen patients with neutrophilic CRSwNPs were enrolled and received physiological saline or budesonide nasal spray treatment (Saline or Budesonide group) for 3 months. Nasal tissue samples were obtained from normal subjects or those patients and cultured in vitro. CD8+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs were separated from normal or NP tissues and also cultured in vitro. Then interleukin (IL)-10 and its mRNA were evaluated in the above cell cultures. The cells were applied into NP cultures. Finally, myeloperoxidase (MPO), interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were assessed in the tissue cultures. RESULTS: CD8+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs decreased in NP tissues. Budesonide administration did not enhance the percentage of these cells in polypoid tissues. IL-10 and its mRNA were increased in the above cell cultures from NPs. However, there were no statistical differences between the two treatments in the IL-10 expression. Additionally, levels of MPO, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, and TNF-α were totally elevated in NP tissue cultures and reduced after the administration of CD8+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs. However, there were no significant differences in concentrations of these mediators between these two groups of the CD8+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs treatment in vitro. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that CD8+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs might regulate the neutrophilic inflammation, and budesonide nasal spray therapy could not ameliorate the inflammation in neutrophilic CRSwNPs.

19.
Front Immunol ; 13: 862415, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371044

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory and destructive disease caused by periodontal microbial infection and mediated by host immune response. As the main cause of loosening and loss of teeth in adults, it is considered to be one of the most common and serious oral diseases in the world. The co-existence of periodontitis and systemic chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes and so on is very common. It has been found that interleukin-17A (IL-17A) secreted by various innate and adaptive immune cells can activate a series of inflammatory cascade reactions, which mediates the occurrence and development of periodontitis and related systemic chronic inflammatory diseases. In this work, we review the role of IL-17A in the pathomechanisms of periodontitis and related systemic chronic inflammatory diseases, and briefly discuss the therapeutic potential of cytokine targeted agents that modulate the IL-17A signaling. A deep understanding of the possible molecular mechanisms in the relationship between periodontitis and systemic diseases will help dentists and physicians update their clinical diagnosis and treatment ideas.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Periodontite , Psoríase , Doença Crônica , Citocinas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Interleucina-17/fisiologia , Periodontite/complicações
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409923

RESUMO

Overloaded transport can certainly improve transportation efficiency and reduce operating costs. Nevertheless, several negative consequences are associated with this illegal activity, including road subsidence, bridge collapse, and serious casualties caused by accidents. Given the complexity and variability of mountainous highways, this study examines 1862 overloaded-truck-related crashes that happened in Yunnan Province, China, and attempts to analyze the key factors contributing to the injury severity. This is the first time that the injury severity has been studied from the perspective of crashes involving overloaded trucks, and meanwhile in a scenario of mountainous highways. For in-depth analysis, three models are developed, including a binary logit model, a random parameter logit model, and a classification and regression tree, but the results show that the random parameter logit model outperforms the other two. In the best-performing model, a total of fifteen variables are found to be significant at the 99% confidence level, including random variables such as freeway, broadside hitting, impaired braking performance, spring, and evening. In regards to the fixed variables, it is likely that the single curve, rollover, autumn, and winter variables will increase the probability of fatalities, whereas the provincial highway, country road, urban road, cement, wet, and head-on variables will decrease the likelihood of death. Our findings are useful for industry-related departments in formulating and implementing corresponding countermeasures, such as strengthening the inspection of commercial trucks, increasing the penalties for overloaded trucks, and installing certain protective equipment and facilities on crash-prone sections.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Ferimentos e Lesões , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Veículos Automotores , Tempo (Meteorologia)
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