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1.
J Environ Manage ; 278(Pt 1): 111518, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113397

RESUMO

Nowadays, nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) has been extensively applied for the decontamination of various pollutants, but passivation of nZVI severely affects its reactivity in use. In this study, ultrasound (US)-assisted catalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by an acid mine drainage based nZVI (AMD-nZVI) coupling with FeS2 system was systematically examined. Results show that the presence of FeS2 and US induced a synergistic enhancement of Cr(VI) removal by AMD-nZVI. Nearly 98% of Cr(VI) removal was achieved by AMD-nZVI/FeS2/US process within 60 min under optimal reaction conditions. Several coexisting substances with lower concentration including Pb(II), Ni(II), bisphenol A (BPA) and 2,4-diclorophenol (2,4-DCP) could be effectively removed in simultaneous manner with Cr(VI) removal. The inhibitory order of water matrix species on Cr(VI) removal was NO3- > PO43- > HCO3- > Ca2+ > Mg2+ > Cl-, and a serious suppression effect was induced by humic acid (HA). Addition of ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) and citric acid (CA) could enhance Cr(VI) removal rate. An enhanced reaction mechanism was proposed, which involved the regeneration of more Fe2+ and H+ by AMD-nZVI/FeS2/US process, leading to the reduction of Cr(VI) by AMD-nZVI and FeS2 into Cr(III) species inculding Cr2O3 and Cr(OH)3. This study well demonstrates that AMD-nZVI/FeS2/US process is considered as a potential candidate for the remediation of Cr(VI) in real wasterwater.


Assuntos
Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ácidos , Adsorção , Cromo/análise , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Chemosphere ; 263: 128287, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297231

RESUMO

The applicability of sludge biochar catalyst (SBC) coupling with ultrasound (US) irradiation for the simultaneous removal of Pb(II) and phenol was firstly investigated in this study. Results indicate that Pb(II) removal of SBC/US process was superior to that of SBC without US. The inhibitory order of the coexisting anions on Pb(II) removal was PO43- > HCO3- > NO3- > F- > SO42- > Cl-. Also, several coexisting metals ions inculding Cr(VI), Ni(II) and Cu(II) could be removed in a simultaneous manner with Pb(II). A high removal performance of Pb(II) by SBC/US process and its synergism with phenol oxidation had been successfully achieved. The simultaneous removal efficiencies of Pb(II) and phenol were high up to 95% within 60 min at optimum reaction conditions. Four kinds of Pb species inculding Pb0, PbCO3, PbO and Pb(OH)2 were formed during the reaction, whereas five kinds of transformation compounds of phenol such as 1,4-benzoquinone, acetic acid, formic acid, maleic acid and propionic acid were detected. Both HO and O2- contributed to the oxidation of phenol by SBC/US process, but HO was dominant radical. A reaction mechanism for the synergistic removal of Pb(II) and phenol by SBC/US process involving in four stages-namely adsorption, precipitation, reduction and Fenton-like oxidation processes was proposed. This study demonstrates that SBC/US process could be considered as a potential candidate for the remediation of real wastewaters containing Pb(II) and phenol.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Chumbo , Fenol , Fenóis/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
ACS Omega ; 5(24): 14261-14266, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596562

RESUMO

Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence has attracted much attention in biomedical fields because it offers deep tissue penetration and high spatial resolution. Herein, a method is developed for the preparation of NIR fluorescent nanocomposites (NCs) by encapsulating natural chlorophyll (Chl) into the micelles of octylamine-modified poly(acrylic acid) (OPA). Both femtosecond transient absorption spectra and isothermal titration calorimetry thermogram reveal that the micelles of OPA provide a hydrophobic environment for the improved fluorescence efficiency. Hence the resulted Chl NCs possess unique properties such as ultrasmall size, outstanding photostability, good biocompatibility, and superbright NIR fluorescence emission. In vivo imaging of sentinel lymph node is achieved in nude mice, demonstrating the potential of Chl NCs in biomedical applications. This work provides a new strategy for the preparation of highly biocompatible NIR fluorescence labeling nanocomposites.

4.
Chemosphere ; 257: 127168, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480089

RESUMO

Waste incineration is a preferred method in China to dispose the municipal solid waste, but controlling the production of highly toxic polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans effectively during incineration is both challenging and imperative. In this study, the suppression of PCDD/Fs by various phosphorus-containing compounds was explored, and the mechanisms responsible for the inhibition were studied in detail. The experiments took place in a lab-scale vertical tubular reactor at 350 °C under a simulated flue gas (12 vol% O2 in N2 flow), and both the off-gases and residues were collected for PCDD/Fs analysis. The scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to characterize the reaction residues. The experimental results revealed that NH4H2PO4 and (NH4)2·HPO4 showed the highest inhibitory effect (57.2% and 57.3%, respectively) on the PCDD/Fs formation, followed by CaHPO4 with inhibition efficiency of 39.1%. In contrast, KH2PO4 and K2HPO4 barely inhibited the generation of the PCDD/Fs. The inhibitory effect of NH4H2PO4 and (NH4)2·HPO4 was similar to that of nitrogen-based inhibitors. At the same time, it was proven that the inhibitory activity of CaHPO4 might be due to the reaction of it with Cu2+ forming stable compounds.


Assuntos
Dibenzofuranos Policlorados/toxicidade , Dibenzofuranos/toxicidade , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/toxicidade , China , Cinza de Carvão/química , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados/química , Gases/análise , Incineração/métodos , Fósforo , Compostos de Fósforo , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise , Resíduos Sólidos
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121385, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606253

RESUMO

Recently, clean-up of resistant organic compounds has attracted growing attention. In this study, a novel heterogeneous ultrasound-enhanced sludge biochar catalyst/persulfate (BC/PS/US) process was firstly developed for the degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) in water. The results revealed that BC/PS/US process could successfully achieve a positively synergistic effect between sonochemistry and catalytic chemistry on the degradation of BPA compared to its corresponding comparative process. Nearly 98% of BPA could be degraded within 80 min at optimum reaction conditions. The coexisting substances including Cl-, SO42- and NO3- had no obvious inhibition on the BPA degradation, whereas HCO3- and humic acid (HA) had significant inhibition effects on that. PS decomposition of BC/PS/US process was superior to that of BC/PS or US/PS process. Both SO4- and HO participated in the degradation of BPA, but SO4- was predominant radical in the BC/PS/US process. A possible pathway of BPA degradation was proposed, and the BPA molecule was attacked by SO4- and degraded into five kinds of intermediate products through hydroxylation and demethylation processes. This study helps to comprehend the application of sludge biochar catalyst as a persulfate activator for the degradation of organic compounds under ultrasound irradiation, and provides a new strategy in wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Carvão Vegetal/química , Fenóis/análise , Esgotos/química , Compostos de Sódio/química , Sulfatos/química , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Catálise , Oxirredução , Águas Residuárias/química
6.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(23): 4106-4110, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Groove pancreatitis (GP) is a type of chronic pancreatitis occurring in an anatomic area between the duodenum, head of the pancreas, and common bile duct. Duodenal obstruction is always caused by malignant pancreatic diseases, such as pancreatic head carcinoma, while is rarely induced by benign pancreatic diseases, such as pancreatitis. CASE SUMMARY: A 39-year-old man presented with a 1-mo history of upper abdominal discomfort. His concomitant symptoms were abdominal distension, postprandial nausea, and vomiting. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen showed thickening of the intestinal wall with enhancement of the descending segment of the duodenum, which could not be clearly differentiated from the head of the pancreas. Upper gastrointestinal radiographs and gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a complete obstruction of the descending duodenum. An operation found that a 3-cm mass was located in the "groove part" of the pancreas and oppressing the descending duodenum. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed to relieve the obstruction and thoroughly remove the pancreatic lesions. The pathologic diagnosis was pancreatitis. The patient had an uneventful recovery with no complications. CONCLUSION: Because of the special location and the contracture induced by long-term chronic inflammation, our case reminds surgeons that some benign pancreatic diseases, such as GP, can also present with symptoms similar to those of pancreatic cancer. This knowledge can help to avoid an unnecessary radical operation.

7.
Anal Chem ; 91(11): 7280-7287, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050409

RESUMO

The rapid and sensitive detection of pathogens is extremely crucial for timely clinical diagnosis and diseases control. Here, by employing cellular beacons with in situ synthesized QDs created from Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus), we efficiently fabricated an antibody (Ab) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-functionalized nanobioprobe, i.e., multifunctional cellular beacons (MCBs), avoiding complicated modification. Coupled with magnetic separation, a novel method for pathogen detection with the naked eye is established. With this method, enterovirus 71 (EV71) can be detected by the naked eye through the aggregation of gold nanoparticles that is triggered by the product of AChE catalyzed acetylthiocholine, with a detection limit of 0.5 ng/mL. Moreover, due to the MCBs have high luminance with perfect uniformity, the detection can also be realized by counting the number of MCBs, with a detection limit of 1 ng/mL. The method is validated with human throat swabs, resulting in a complete consistence with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction results. This study reports the first cellular beacons-based method for pathogen detection by the naked eye and broadens the applicability of cell self-synthesized nanoparticles-based immunoassays. Moreover, the MCBs-based method will provide a powerful tool for clinical detection.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Faringe/microbiologia , Pontos Quânticos/química , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Anticorpos/química , Ouro/química , Humanos , Nanoestruturas/química , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
8.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(6): 2911-2918, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965650

RESUMO

Amorphous iron oxides in paddy soil are critical adsorbents of arsenic. The flooding period during rice cultivation contributes to the reductive dissolution of these amorphous iron oxides, which releases sorbed arsenic into the paddy soil solution. However, more detailed work should be conducted to evaluate quantitatively arsenic immobilization, release, and transformation regulated by metastable amorphous iron oxides. In previous studies, arsenic in the soil solution phase and solid phase were classified into F1 (exchangeable arsenic), F2 (specifically sorbed arsenic), F3 (amorphous iron oxide bound arsenic), and F4 (crystalline iron oxide bound arsenic), according to a sequential extraction procedure using reagents of increasing dissolution strength. In this study, soil samples were collected from the vicinity of a silver smelting plant in Chenzhou, Hunan Province, and the contribution of different arsenic speciation (F1, F2, F3, and F4) to arsenic release during anaerobic enrichment incubation of paddy soil was investigated. Sample analysis was conducted at the end of the first phase (day 15) and the second phase (day 30). The effects of amorphous iron oxides in paddy soil on migration and transformation of arsenic were discussed. Results showed significant elevation of dissolved Fe(Ⅱ) and arsenic concentration (P<0.05) in enrichment solutions in the second phase compared with that in the first phase. Arsenic released in the soil solution in both phases originated from exchangeable arsenic and specifically sorbed arsenic, as indicated by its significantly positive correlation with F1 and F2 (r=0.73, P<0.05; r=0.657, P<0.05). However, an insignificant positive correlation was found between the arsenic released and F3. Moreover, HCl-extractable Fe(Ⅱ) was significantly and positively correlated with arsenic (r=0.577, P<0.05; r=0.613, P<0.05), while amorphous iron oxides were significantly and negatively correlated with arsenic (r=-0.428, P=0.126; r=-0.564, P<0.05). In conclusion, arsenic in the F1 and F2 fractions acted as the major source of released arsenic. Despite elevated levels of HCl-extractable Fe(Ⅱ) that might result from the slight reductive dissolution of amorphous iron oxide, the significant negative correlation between dissolved arsenic and amorphous iron oxides indicated that metastable amorphous iron oxides in anaerobic paddy soil can generally sorb dissolved arsenic effectively, resulting in lower mobility of arsenic. Increasing the level of amorphous iron oxides in paddy soil is conducive to inactivation of arsenic.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(6): 2927-2935, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965652

RESUMO

The safety of vegetable production is a key link in reducing cadmium consumption through the food chains. Field experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of composite materials (calcium silicate-biological humus fertilizer) on the growth of shallots and the uptake of Cd by shallots from contaminated agricultural soil. Four treatments (T1: 0.5% calcium silicate+0.5% biological humus fertilizer; T2: 0.5% calcium silicate+1.0% biological humus fertilizer; T3: 1.0% calcium silicate+0.5% biological humus fertilizer; and T4: 1.0% calcium silicate+1.0% biological humus fertilizer) and a control group (CK) were adopted. The changes in soil pH, DTPA-extractable Cd, biomass of shallots, and cadmium concentrations in shallots over time under different treatments were analyzed. The results show that the application of composite amendments decreased the concentrations of DTPA-extractable Cd in the soil. In particular, after T3 treatment, the concentrations of soil DTPA-extractable Cd decreased by 60.71%, 49.54%, 44.63%, and 58.94% after 14, 28, 42, and 56 d, respectively. The biomass of the shallots aboveground increased significantly by 107.99% and 107.19% after T3 and T4 treatment, respectively. The composite amendments exhibited different effects on the uptake of Cd by the shallots from the soil, and the T4 treatment was the most effective in immobilizing Cd and inhibiting translocation of Cd into the shallots. The cadmium concentration in the shallots decreased by 43.80% after 56 d with the T4 treatment. In conclusion, T4 is the optimum treatment for soil cadmium immobilization.


Assuntos
Cádmio/metabolismo , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Fertilizantes , Cebolinha Branca/metabolismo , Silicatos/química , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Solo/química , Cebolinha Branca/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(46): 39901-39906, 2017 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29120160

RESUMO

Monodisperse hydrophilic quantum dots (QDs) are promising labeling materials for biomedical applications. However, the controllable preparation of monodisperse hydrophilic QDs with amphiphilic polymers remains a challenge. Herein, the molecular structures of amphiphilic polymers assembled on different-sized QDs are investigated. Both the experimental results and the molecular dynamics (MD) calculation suggest that the grafting ratio of amphiphilic polymers assembled on QDs increases as the size of QDs increases. Thus, the controllable preparation of different-sized monodisperse hydrophilic QDs can be achieved by simply varying the grafting ratio of amphiphilic molecules and applied in the simultaneous labeling of three tumor biomarkers.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 38(1): 389-398, 2017 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965071

RESUMO

Vegetable is an indispensible component of human daily diet,and contamination of vegetables by heavy metals directly threatens human health.In this study,116 vegetable samples were collected from 12 administrative districts of Guangzhou City for analysis of six heavy metals,Cu,Zn,Pb,Cd,Ni,Cr.A combination of single factor evaluation and Nemero Index analysis was employed to determine specific heavy metals exceeding allowable standards and analyze the characteristics of pollution.Risk of exposure was utilized to assess human health risks originating from eating locally planted vegetables contaminated by heavy metals.The results showed that contents of Cu,Zn in the 8 sorts of vegetables were below the standards of maximum allowable content and the contents of heavy mental Cr of up to 91.67% vegetable samples were higher than their standard.Lettuce sativa var.angustana Irish,Luffa acutangula L.,Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.and Daucus carota L.were the 4 species of Pb exceeding vegetables,with the exceed ratio reaching up to 35.71% and Daucus carota L.exceeded the target value most seriously.Only the content of Cd in Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.was over-standard,with the rate of 31.25%.And the highest rate of over-standard of the content of Ni in 3 species of vegetables,which included Lactuca sativa L.,Ipomoea aquatica Forsk and Brassica parachinensis,reached 8.33%.For the contamination level of the eight kinds of vegetable,Lactuca sativa L.,Ipomoea aquatica Forsk,Brassica parachinensis,Raphanus sativus L.and Daucus carota L.were put into the class of alarming,while Lettuce sativa var.angustana Irish,Luffa acutangula L.and Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.were classified as secure.Heavy metals' comprehensive pollution degree of 4 species of vegetables presented a trend of leafy vegetables >rootstalk vegetables >stem vegetables >solanaceous fruits.Health risk assessment showed that Guangzhou citizens eat more frequently Ipomoea aquatica Forsk and Lactuca sativa L.and Brassica parachinensis were prone to higher accumulation of heavy metals,and the dietary intake of heavy metal Cr might cause harm to human health and intake of Cd would bring potential health risk to the human body.Risk of exposure to heavy metal through oral ingestion of vegetables was proved to be higher for children than adults.


Assuntos
Exposição Dietética/efeitos adversos , Exposição Dietética/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Verduras/química , Adulto , Criança , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Humanos , Medição de Risco
12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 38(6): 2530-2537, 2017 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965374

RESUMO

The massive release of soil arsenic and its enrichment in rice are significantly associated with the flooded and anaerobic management in paddy soil. Soil redox potential (Eh), pH and iron oxides exert remarkable impacts on arsenic release, which remain to be explored. In this study, long-term aerobic and anaerobic as well as intermittent aerobic incubation treatments were applied to investigate the influences of Eh, pH and iron content on arsenic release. It was found that anaerobic and flooded treatment contributed to the highest arsenic release. With decreasing Eh, significant enhancement in As(Ⅲ) and As(Ⅴ) contents in soil solution was observed. Particularly, As(Ⅲ) and As(Ⅴ) contents during the second phase increased by 1.37 and 0.99 µg·L-1compared with those in the first phase. Conversely, significant reduction in soil arsenic release (P<0.05) occurred when intermittent aerobic treatment was adopted, and the lowest level of arsenic release was observed along with the longest treatment time (6 d). The exponent relationships between arsenic and soil Eh, pH and Fe2+ content were also established, which indicated that arsenic release could be accelerated by lower pH and elevated Eh. In addition, a significant positive correlation was also found between iron(Ⅱ) content and arsenic content in soil solution. Since low Eh and elevated pH served as critical factors driving arsenic release, intermittent and aerobic water management was proved to be an effective method for the inhibition of arsenic release and uptake and accumulation of arsenic by rice.


Assuntos
Arsênio/química , Ferro/química , Oryza , Poluentes do Solo/química , Oxirredução , Solo
13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 38(3): 1201-1208, 2017 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965595

RESUMO

To explore the effects of different iron minerals on soil arsenic bioaccessibility, ferrihydrite, goethite and hematite were used in PBET, SBRC and IVG in-vitro experiments in this study. The relationship between arsenic bioavailability in gastric, small intestinal phases and arsenic speciation was also studied. The results showed that when 1% ferrihydrite was added, arsenic bioavailability in gastric phase was 2.22%, 5.11% and 7.43% by PBET, SBRC and IVG methods, respectively, while in the small intestinal phase it was 3.39%, 2.33% and 6.18%. At an elevated ferrihydrite dosage of 2%, significant difference in arsenic bioavailability was observed in both phases (P<0.05). According to in vitro experiments, the addition of the same amount of different iron minerals had contributed to the decrease in arsenic bioavailability to varying extents in contrast with the blank group, in the descending order of ferrihydrite(F1) > goethite(G1) > hematite(H1) (F2 > G2 > H2). Total arsenic in exchangeable (F1) and specifically sorbed (F2) state was found positively correlated with arsenic bioavailability in gastric phase by PBET, SBRC and IVG methods, the correlation coefficient of which being r=0.93, P=0.002, r=0.90, P=0.004 and r=0.89,P=0.006, respectively. It was also found that arsenic bioavailability in gastric phase was positively correlated with total arsenic in F1 and F2 states by PBET(r=0.94,P=0.001) and IVG (r=0.87,P=0.009) methods, but no significant correlation was observed by SBRC method. Additionally, three in vitro experiments showed that amorphous iron bound arsenic had significant negative correlation with arsenic bioavailability in gastric phase and small intestinal phase, except that no correlation was found in small intestinal phase by SBRC method.


Assuntos
Arsênio/farmacocinética , Ferro/química , Minerais/química , Poluentes do Solo/farmacocinética , Disponibilidade Biológica , Solo
14.
Talanta ; 159: 64-73, 2016 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27474280

RESUMO

Due to excellent optical properties, quantum dots (QDs) have been widely applied to sensing, labeling, and imaging. For the fabrication of QD-based bioprobes, purification is usually the crucial step. Hydrophilic octylamine grafted polyacrylic acid modified QDs (OPA-QDs) were prepared, and purified by high-performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) to remove excess OPA and aggregated QDs. The percentage of suspended agglomerates of OPA-QDs in the unpurified OPA-QDs increases from 4% to 31% through a year, but the purified OPA-QDs of the same batch possess excellent colloidal stability for at least one year. Subsequently, QD-based bioprobes were fabricated by the conjugation between QDs and streptavidin (SA) or antibody (IgG), generating QD-SA and QD-IgG, respectively, which were purified via HPSEC. Finally, the resulting QD-SA and QD-IgG were adopted to detect tumour markers on slices and showed specific positive signals without nonspecific adsorption, which was contrary to the unpurified QD-IgG. Thus, the HPSEC-coupled system proposed in the current work is potent and universal for the generation of purified and monodisperse QD-based bioprobes, which is promising in the nanobiodetection field.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos , Cromatografia em Gel , Pontos Quânticos/química , Anticorpos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Estreptavidina/metabolismo
15.
Biomaterials ; 99: 24-33, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27209260

RESUMO

Envelope, capsid and nucleic acids are key viral components that are all involved in crucial events during virus infection. Thus simultaneous labeling of these key components is an indispensable prerequisite for monitoring comprehensive virus infection process and dissecting virus infection mechanism. Baculovirus was genetically tagged with biotin on its envelope protein GP64 and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) on its capsid protein VP39. Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) cells were infected by the recombinant baculovirus and subsequently fed with streptavidin-conjugated quantum dots (SA-QDs) and cell-permeable nucleic acids dye SYTO 82. Just by genetic engineering and virus propagation, multi-labeling of envelope, capsid and nucleic acids was spontaneously accomplished during virus inherent self-assembly process, significantly simplifying the labeling process while maintaining virus infectivity. Intracellular dissociation and transportation of all the key viral components, which was barely reported previously, was real-time monitored based on the multi-labeling approach, offering opportunities for deeply understanding virus infection and developing anti-virus treatment.


Assuntos
Baculoviridae/metabolismo , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Ácidos Nucleicos/metabolismo , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo , Estruturas Virais/metabolismo , Animais , Baculoviridae/genética , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Humanos , Imagem Óptica , Pontos Quânticos , Células Sf9 , Spodoptera , Estreptavidina/metabolismo
16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 37(6): 2345-2352, 2016 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29964906

RESUMO

Arsenic toxicity, mobility and bioaccessibility are influenced by its different speciation in soil, which exerts different impacts on the environment. In this study, coal fly ash, dried sludge, ferrous sulfate and broken peanut shell were used as stabilizers to investigate their stabilizing effects on As in soil as well as relationships between pH, soil organic matter content, cation exchange capacity and speciation of soil As. The results showed rise in soil pH, soil organic matter content and residual arsenic content after the addition of stabilizers. Addition of 10% coal fly ash and 10% dried sludge led to the decrease in the content of exchangeable As, carbonate bound As, Fe-Mn oxide bound As, organic bound As by 34.2%, 17.5%, 19.9%, 53.7%, respectively. Addition of ferrous sulfate could preferably stabilize As in soil. When 10% coal fly ash, 10% dried sludge and 1% ferrous sulfate were added concurrently, the decrease in the content of exchangeable As, carbonate bound As, Fe-Mn oxide bound As, organic bound As was 62.3%, 55.2%, 29.6%, 58.2%, respectively, with an increase in residual arsenic content by 8.1%. After the addition of 10% coal fly ash, 10% dried sludge, 1% ferrous sulfate and 1% broken peanut shell, a most conspicuous decrease in the content of exchangeable As by 73.3% was observed. Appropriate application of coal fly ash, dry sludge and ferrous sulfate converted a proportion of exchangeable, carbonate bounded, Fe-Mn bounded, organic bounded As into residual As, which reduced As's toxicity. The rise in pH led to increasing residual As content and decreasing exchangeable As, carbonate bounded As, Fe-Mn bounded As and organic bounded As content, and As was most stable at the approach of neutral condition. The rise in organic matter content led to increasing carbonate bounded As and residual As content and decreasing exchangeable As, Fe-Mn bounded As, organic bounded As content. The rise in cation exchange capacity led to increasing residual As content and decreasing exchangeable As, carbonate bounded As, Fe-Mn bounded As and organic bounded As content.


Assuntos
Arsênio/química , Poluentes do Solo/química , Solo/química , Arachis , Cinza de Carvão , Compostos Ferrosos , Esgotos
17.
Tumour Biol ; 37(6): 7277-86, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26666823

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer with poor prognosis. The multikinase inhibitor sorafenib is the only clinically proved systematic treatment for HCC. However, few patients respond to sorafenib. Hypoxic microenvironments contribute to sorafenib resistance. LB-100, a serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibitor was previously found to be a chemosensitizer in HCC. Here, we tested whether LB-100 could sensitize HCC to the effects of sorafenib. Intriguingly, LB-100 enhanced the effects of sorafenib in HCC cells only during hypoxic environments. LB-100 dramatically increased intracellular p-Smad3 level, which was responsible for the effect of LB-100 as a sensitizer. LB-100 downregulated Bcl-2 expression and enhanced sorafenib-induced apoptosis in HCC cells. We further proved that PP2A mediated LB-100-induced p-Smad3 overexpression. In addition, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway was activated in hypoxic conditions, and enhanced p-Smad3-dependent Bcl-2 inhibition and consequent apoptosis. In conclusion, LB-100 sensitized HCC cells to sorafenib in hypoxic environments. This effect was mediated by inactivation of PP2A, resulting in enhanced level of p-Smad3. Increased p-Smad3 downregulated Bcl-2, causing increased apoptosis of HCC cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes bcl-2 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Fosfatase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Distribuição Aleatória , Proteína Smad3/genética , Sorafenibe , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(7): 1235-9, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26281538

RESUMO

Zebrafish has unique advantages over other animal models in the aspect of drug screens for active ingredients and gains more and more attentions in drug research and development recently. Thus, this article reviews the recent advance of zebrafish-based drug screens in Chinese traditional medicine (TCM) effective part research, monomer drug screening, activity evaluation of natural products, discovery of new uses for old drugs, and toxicity assessment in early-phase drug discovery.


Assuntos
Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Modelos Animais , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/instrumentação
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 35(4): 1548-54, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24946616

RESUMO

Different forms of heavy metals in soil will produce different environmental effects, and will directly influence the toxicity, migration and bioavailability of heavy metals. This study used lime, fly ash, dried sludge, peanut shells as stabilizers in the treatment of heavy metals in mineral waste residues. Morphological analyses of heavy metal, leaching experiments, potted plant experiments were carried out to analyze the migration and transformation of heavy metals. The results showed that after adding stabilizers, the pH of the acidic mineral waste residues increased to more than neutral, and the organic matter content increased significantly. The main existing forms of As, Pb, and Zn in the mineral waste residues were the residual. The contents of exchangeable and organic matter-bound As decreased by 65.6% and 87.7% respectively after adding fly ash, dried sludge and peanut shells. Adding lime, fly ash and peanut shells promoted the transformation of As from the Fe-Mn oxide-bound to the carbonate-bound, and adding lime and fly ash promoted the transformation of Pb and Zn from the exchangeable, Fe-Mn oxide-bound, organic matter-bound to the residual. After the early stage of the stabilization treatment, the contents of As, Pb and Zn in the leachate had varying degrees of decline, and adding peanut shells could reduce the contents of As, Pb and Zn in the leachate further. Among them, the content of As decreased most significantly after treatment with fly ash, dried sludge and peanut shells, with a decline of 57.4%. After treatment with lime, fly ash and peanut shells, the content of Zn decreased most significantly, by 24.9%. The addition of stabilizers was advantageous to the germination and growth of plants. The combination of fly ash, dried sludge and peanut shell produced the best effect, and the Vetiveria zizanioides germination rate reached 76% in the treated wasted mineral residues.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Metais Pesados/química , Solo/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Cinza de Carvão/química , Minerais/química , Óxidos/química , Esgotos/química
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 19(43): 7788-94, 2013 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24282367

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)/insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and to analyze their correlation with lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate IGF-1 and IGF-1R expression and lymphatic vessel density (LVD) in 40 CRC specimens. The correlation between IGF-1/IGF-1R and LVD was investigated. Effects of IGF-1 on migration and invasion of CRC cells were examined using transwell chamber assays. A LoVo cell xenograft model was established to further detect the role of IGF-1 in CRC lymphangiogenesis in vivo. RESULTS: Elevated IGF-1 and IGF-1R expression in CRC tissues was correlated with lymph node metastasis (r = 0.715 and 0.569, respectively, P < 0.05) and tumor TNM stage (r = 0.731 and 0.609, P < 0.05). A higher LVD was also found in CRC tissues and was correlated with lymphatic metastasis (r = 0.405, P < 0.05). A positive correlation was found between LVD and IGF-1R expression (r = 0.437, P < 0.05). Transwell assays revealed that IGF-1 increased the migration and invasion of CRC cells. In vivo mouse studies showed that IGF-1 also increased LVD in LoVo cell xenografts. CONCLUSION: IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling induces tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis and contributes to lymphatic metastasis of CRC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Linfangiogênese , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
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