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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(7)2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218148

RESUMO

A real-time electric nose (E-nose) with a metal oxide sensor (MOS) array was developed to monitor 5 highly flammable liquids (ethanol, tetrahydrofuran, turpentine, lacquer thinner, and gasoline) in this work. We found that temperature had a significant impact on the test results and temperature control could efficiently improve the performance of our E-nose. The results of our qualitative analysis showed that principal component analysis (PCA) could not efficiently distinguish these samples compared to a back-propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN) which had a 100% accuracy rate on the test samples. Quantitative analysis was performed by regression analysis and the average errors were 9.1%-18.4%. In addition, through anti-interference training, the E-nose could filter out the potential false alarm caused by mosquito repellent, perfume and hair jelly.

3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(1): 21-34, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate dependent Rac exchange factor 1 (PREX1) was reported to be overexpressed in some cancers and involved in cancer development, but its expression and significance in gastric cancer remain unclear. AIM: To evaluate the expression of PREX1 in gastric cancer and its significance in the development of gastric cancer, especially to evaluate the potential mechanism of PREX1 in gastric cancer. METHODS: Bioinformatic analysis was performed in order to examine the expression of PREX1 in gastric cancer. The relationship between the survival rate of gastric cancer patients and PREX1 expression was assessed by Kaplan Meier portal. The Gene Set Enrichment Analysis and the correlation between PREX1 and transforming growth factor (TGF) ß1 pathway-related mediators were evaluated by cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics. Western blotting and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay were used to test the role of TGFß1 on the expression of PREX1. Western blotting and dual-luciferase reporter system was used to evaluate the effect of PREX1 on the activation of TGFß1 pathway. Wound healing and Transwell assay were used to assess the effect of PREX1 on the metastasis activity of gastric cancer cells. RESULTS: PREX1 was overexpressed in the gastric tumors, and the expression levels were positively associated with the development of gastric cancer. Also, the high expression of PREX1 revealed poor prognosis, especially for those advanced and specific intestinal gastric cancer patients. PREX1 was closely involved in the positive regulation of cell adhesion and positively correlated with TGFß1-related mediators. Furthermore, TGFß1 could induce the expression of PREX1 at both the protein and mRNA level. Also, PREX1 could activate the TGFß1 pathway. The induced PREX1 could increase the migration and invasion activity of gastric cancer cells. CONCLUSION: PREX1 is overexpressed in gastric cancer, and the high level of PREX1 predicts poor prognosis. PREX1 is closely associated with TGFß signaling and promotes the metastasis of gastric cancer cells.

4.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897898

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerged as important regulators in cancer progression, circular RNAs have been tested to participate in diverse biological processes. Former studies have suggested that circular RNA_LARP4 (circLARP4) exerts indispensable function on the development of different cancers such as gastric cancer and ovarian cancer. Nonetheless, the specific role of circLARP4 has not been discovered in ESCC. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore the biological function and regulatory mechanism of circLARP4 in ESCC. METHODS: CircLARP4, miR-1323, and PTEN expression levels were quantified by RT-qPCR. CCK-8, EdU, caspase-3 activity, wound healing, transwell, and western blot assays were chosen to assess ESCC cell growth. Luciferase reporter, RIP, and RNA pull-down assays were performed to examine the interaction between miR-1323 and circLARP4 (or PTEN). RESULTS: CircLARP4 expression was observably downregulated in ESCC cell lines, and overexpressed circLARP4 restrained cell proliferation and migration whereas boosted cell apoptosis in ESCC. Molecular mechanism experiments revealed that circLARP4 could act as a sponge for miR-1323 and negatively modulated miR-1323 expression in ESCC. Interestingly, the repression of miR-1323 was correlated with inhibitive cell proliferation, migration, and promotive apoptosis. Besides, miR-1323 bound with PTEN, and PTEN expression was negatively regulated by miR-1323 whereas positively regulated by circLARP4 in ESCC. Moreover, rescue assays testified that miR-1323 overexpression or PTEN deficiency could countervail the function of circLARP4 overexpression on ESCC progression. More importantly, circLARP4 played an inhibitory role in PI3K/AKT pathway. CONCLUSIONS: CircLARP4 sponges miR-1323 and hampers tumorigenesis of ESCC through modulating PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(4): 3657-3668, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583713

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) responds poorly to treatment. Efforts have been exerted to prolong the survival time of PDA, but the 5-year survival rates remain disappointing. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of PDA development is significant. MEK/ERK pathway signaling has been proven to be important in PDA. lncRNA-mRNA networks have become a vital part of molecular mechanisms in the MEK/ERK pathway. Herein, weighted gene coexpression network analysis was used to investigate the coexpressed lncRNA-mRNA networks in the MEK/ERK pathway based on GSE45765. Differently expressed long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) were found and 10 modules were identified based on coexpression profiles. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes were then performed to analyze the coexpressed lncRNA and mRNA in different modules. PDA cells and tissues were used to validate the analysis results. Finally, we found that NONHSAT185150.1 and B4GALT6 were negatively correlated with MEK1/2. By analyzing GSE45765, the genome-wide profiles of lncRNA-mRNA network after MEK1/2 was established, which might aid the development of drug-targeting MEK1/2 and the investigation of diagnostic markers.

6.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(21)2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683738

RESUMO

The accurate prediction of the permeability is the key to optimizing the molding process of fiber reinforced composites, thus to improve the composite quality, and reduce the material and labor costs in the manufacturing process. In this paper, the permeability of 2.5D woven preform with shear deformation was studied by experiments and numerical simulations. The permeabilities of the samples under various shear angles were measured by the radial flow method. An RVE (representative volume element) model based on the fabric microstructure and shear deformation is developed to predict the permeability of preform and the simulation results are compared with experiments value to verify the effectiveness of this model. Using this model, the effect of the fiber volume fraction on the permeability of the 2.5D woven preform was determined. Based on the structural characteristics, experimental and simulation results of the 2.5D woven preform, an empirical equation for predicting its permeability under shear deformation was formulated. The prediction accuracy of the equation was evaluated, and the equation was used to determine the change of permeability with shear deformation for the 2.5D woven preform.

7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 8765-8768, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749622

RESUMO

Background: Hepatoid adenocarcinoma (HAC) of the lung, a very rare tumor, has been reported metastasizing to lymph nodes and distant tissue, with poor prognosis. We report a case of lung HAC metastasizing to the gingiva, which is a rare metastasis site. Case Report: A 70-year-old, 50-pack-year, male smoker was diagnosed with a lung mass on a health examination. A chest CT showed a lung mass in the superior lobe of the right lung and enlarged lymph nodes in the right hilum and mediastinum. Liver and other digestive tumors were excluded. The lung mass was confirmed to be HAC by biopsy with positivity of HepPar-1. Despite erlotinib therapy, the tumor metastasized to the gingiva. Then, docetaxel and nedaplatin therapy, radiotherapy, and bevacizumab therapy were administered successively. The patient died of tumor progression 9 months after presentation. Conclusion: Gingival metastasis of lung HAC is rare. The patient had a poor outcome. Further studies need to be conducted on lung HAC.

8.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 8125-8138, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686858

RESUMO

Background: Upregulation of CXCL8 (C-X-C motif ligand 8) in tumor cells has been reported in several types of cancer, and it correlates with a poor prognosis. However, the role of CXCL8 in glioma progression remains unknown. Materials and methods: In this study, we examined CXCL8 expression levels in human glioma cell lines and in sixteen human gliomas with different grades. The molecular role of CXCL8 in glioma cells was investigated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays, Western blotting, CCK-8 assays, EdU assays, colony formation assays, Transwell migration and invasion assays. Results: We found that high expression levels of CXCL8 were positively associated with progression and poor prognosis in human glioma. Mechanistically, CXCL8 promoted the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in glioma cells by activating the JAK/STAT1/HIF-1α/Snail signaling pathway. Conclusion: Taken together, our data provide a plausible mechanism for CXCL8-modulated glioma progression, which suggests that CXCL8 may represent a potential therapeutic target in the prevention and treatment of gliomas.

9.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(12): 152650, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: (Interleukin 17 Receptor Beta) IL17RB has been implicated in several malignancies. However, its role in the progression of and chemosensitivity in pancreatic cancer remains unknown. We aimed to determine the clinical significance of IL17RB expression in the prognosis of resectable pancreatic cancer and in the benefits from gemcitabine treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used microarray and immunohistochemical staining techniques to evaluate IL17RB expression in 91 resectable pancreatic cancer tissues and their respective matched adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to evaluate IL17RB in human pancreatic cancer cell lines after gemcitabine treatment. The correlation between IL17RB expression and overall survival and disease-free survival times were analyzed. RESULTS: IL17RB expression correlated with lymph node metastasis and (Vascular endothelial growth factor) VEGF expression. Cox proportional model showed that high IL17RB expression is a significant negative prognostic factor for both (overall survival) OS and (disease-free survival) DFS. Kaplan-Meier survival curves confirmed significantly reduced median overall and DFS time in high IL17RB patients as compared with low IL17RB patients. Furthermore, Cox proportional model confirmed a correlation between adjuvant treatment with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy and IL17RB expression. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that low IL17RB expression was associated with longer OS and DFS in patients than high IL17RB expression and gemcitabine-based adjuvant chemotherapy. In human pancreatic cancer cell lines, the messenger RNA and protein levels of IL17RB were significantly enhanced after gemcitabine treatment. CONCLUSIONS: IL17RB predicts the prognosis and benefit from gemcitabine in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.

10.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 1479-1489, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621517

RESUMO

Reports on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of Mycobacterium leprae, relationship with bacteriological index (BI), and transmission in China are limited. We investigated the emergence of AMR mutations, the relationship between BI and AMR in complete, moderate and lack of BI decline cases, and molecular epidemiological features of AMR cases by enrolling 290 leprosy cases from four endemic provinces. Seven (2.41%), one (0.34%), five (1.72%), one (0.34%), and one (0.34%) strains had single mutations in folP1, rpoC, gyrA, gyrB, and 23S rRNA, respectively. Double mutations in folP1 and gyrA, rpoB and gyrA, and gyrA and 23S rRNA were observed in one (0.34%) strain each. Mutated strains occurred in three out of 81 (95% CI-0.005-0.079, p = 0.083) cases with complete BI decline, in seven out of 103 (95% CI 0.018-0.117, p = 0.008) cases with moderate BI decline, and in four out of 34 (95% CI 0.003-0.231, p = 0.044) cases with lack of BI decline. Most of these mutated strains were geographically separated and diverged genotypically. AMR mutations may not be the main cause of the lack of BI decline. The low transmission of AMR strains at the county level indicates an ongoing transmission at close contact levels.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Hansenostáticos/farmacologia , Hanseníase/microbiologia , Mycobacterium leprae/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Mycobacterium leprae/classificação , Mycobacterium leprae/genética , Mycobacterium leprae/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Adulto Jovem
11.
ISA Trans ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493878

RESUMO

To address the problem of control surface redundancy for compound high-speed rotorcraft in multi-mode conversion process, a hybrid multi-objective control allocation strategy based on adaptive particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed. First, the control allocation problem is converted to a hybrid multi-objective optimization problem to solve the control redundancy, and a hybrid multi-objective optimization performance function is designed to satisfy the multiple requirements of flight mission. Second, a preference matrix is designed to determine the weight coefficients of the optimization performance function. The preference matrix can simplify the complexity of hybrid multi-objective optimization problem. Finally, an adaptive PSO algorithm is designed to solve the hybrid multi-objective control allocation dynamically. The simulation verifies the feasibility and effectiveness of the control allocation strategy, which eliminates the need of extra controllers in the mode conversion, reduces the difficulty of flight control system design and improves the system security.

12.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 99(11): 997-1003, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396633

RESUMO

To identify the microorganism distribution clinical characteristics and management of cutaneous Mycobacterium tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infectious diseases in the past 10 years we collected and analyzed the patient records of all cutaneous M. tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infection cases diagnosed by culture and/or PCR from 2008 to 2017 in the Hospital of Dermatology Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Among 203 cases including 89 M. tuberculosis infections and 114 nontuberculous mycobacterial infections M. tuberculosis was the most common species in all patients and M. marinum predominated among the nontuberculous mycobacterial followed by M. abscessus. Cases of cutaneous mycobacterial infection especially nontuberculous mycobacterial infection increased in the past 10 years and infection with rapidly growing mycobacteria significantly increased in the last 5 years in this national hospital in Southeast China. Injuries were common causative factors. Approximately 91.3% of patients responded well to longstanding antibiotic therapy.

13.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(6): 2315-2323, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372268

RESUMO

Background: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a group of autoimmune disease which could be accompanied by thymoma. Many differences have been observed between thymoma-associated MG (TAMG) and non-MG thymoma (NMG). However, the molecular difference between them remained unknown. This study aimed to explore the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two categories and to elucidate the possible pathogenesis of TAMG further. Methods: DEGs were calculated using the RNA-Sequencing data from 11 TAMG and 10 NMG in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. GeneAnalytics was performed to characterize the associations between DEGs and tissues and cells, diseases, gene ontology (GO) terms, pathways, phenotypes, and drug/compounds, respectively. Genes related to T cells were sorted out using LifeMapDiscovery Cells and Tissues Database. Genes directly related to the phenotype of autoimmune diseases that were identified by VarElect were validated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Results: The expression level of 169 genes showed a significant difference between the two groups, with 94 up-regulated and 75 down-regulated. Overexpression of six genes (ATM, SFTPB, ANKRD55, BTLA, CCR7, TNFRSF25), which are expressed in T cells and directly related to autoimmune disease through VarElect, was identified. The overexpression of soluble BTLA (sBTLA) (P=0.027), CCR7 (P=0.0018), TNFRSF25 (P=0.0013) and ANKRD55 (P=0.0026) was validated by RT-qPCR in thymoma tissues from our center. Conclusions: Overexpression of sBTLA, CCR7, TNFRSF25 and ANKRD55 was identified and validated by RT-qPCR, which could partly explain the underlying pathogenesis in TAMG.

14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3789, 2019 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439836

RESUMO

ProMyelocyticLeukemia (PML) protein can polymerize into a mega-Dalton nuclear assembly of 0.1-2 µm in diameter. The mechanism of PML nuclear body biogenesis remains elusive. Here, PMLRBCC is successfully purified. The gel filtration and ultracentrifugation analysis suggest a previously unrecognized sequential oligomerization mechanism via PML monomer, dimer, tetramer and N-mer. Consistently, PML B1-box structure (2.0 Å) and SAXS characterization reveal an unexpected networking by W157-, F158- and SD1-interfaces. Structure-based perturbations in these B1 interfaces not only impair oligomerization in vitro but also abolish PML sumoylation and nuclear body biogenesis in HeLaPml-/- cell. More importantly, as demonstrated by in vivo study using transgenic mice, PML-RARα (PR) F158E precludes leukemogenesis. In addition, single cell RNA sequencing analysis shows that B1 oligomerization is an important regulator in PML-RARα-driven transactivation. Altogether, these results not only define a previously unrecognized B1-box oligomerization in PML, but also highlight oligomerization as an important factor in carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/patologia , Proteína da Leucemia Promielocítica/metabolismo , Multimerização Proteica , Animais , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células HeLa , Humanos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mutação , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/ultraestrutura , Proteína da Leucemia Promielocítica/genética , Proteína da Leucemia Promielocítica/ultraestrutura , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Receptor alfa de Ácido Retinoico/genética , Receptor alfa de Ácido Retinoico/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Ácido Retinoico/ultraestrutura , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Sumoilação , Difração de Raios X
15.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 25(8): 1604-1607, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310204

RESUMO

Whether Mycobacterium leprae transmits from placenta to fetus remains unknown. We describe the case of a pregnant woman with untreated histoid leproma. Although her newborn was healthy, laboratory examination revealed intact M. leprae present in the placenta, suggesting that the placental barrier might prevent vertical dissemination of M. leprae.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/microbiologia , Mycobacterium leprae/isolamento & purificação , Placenta/microbiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Pele/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
16.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 741-744, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114260

RESUMO

Lucio's phenomenon (LP) is a special reactional state associated with diffuse multibacillary leprosy; both exhibit a limitative global distribution mainly in Mexico and Central America. We report a case of a 28-year-old female leprosy patient in the People's Republic of China, together with LP and positive anticardiolipin antibody, characterized by vascular thrombosis and invasion of blood vessel walls by leprosy bacilli, causing extensive skin ulcers and followed by a large number of atrophic scars.

17.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 193, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several targeted immunotherapies have recently showed significant advances in treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including antibodies and inhibitors targeting programmed death-1 (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1). METHODS: Tumor tissue samples were prospectively collected from 183 patients with NSCLC including lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC). PD-L1 expression level was measured by immunohistochemistry assay and tumor mutational burden (TMB) status was assessed by next generation sequencing. Correlations between PD-L1 expressions, TMB status with clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: PD-L1 expression was detected in 37% of ADC group and 55% in SQCC group while all clinicopathological characteristics were found comparable between these two groups. PD-L1 expression was negatively associated with overall survival in ADC group (P < 0.0001) but not in SQCC group (P = 0.418). In consistent with PD-L1 expression level, TMB status was significantly lower in ADC subjects as compared to SQCC subjects (P = 0.024) while PD-L1 positive subgroup and TMB high subgroup shared less subjects within ADC group than SQCC group. More importantly, the combination of TMB status and PD-L1 expression successfully identified responders, who showed significant longer median overall survival than non-responders (32 months vs. 8.5 months) in ADC subjects (P < 0.0001) but not in SQCC subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Here we tested the hypothesis that monitoring TMB, in addition to the existing PD-L1 expression level, could represent valuable non-invasive biomarkers for the chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Further analyses are in need to further assess the prognostic value of TMB for ADC and SQCC patients receiving immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento , Fluxo de Trabalho
18.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(2): 111-115, 2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To invstigate the influence of femoral neck area on larger anteversion angle of lag screw guide pin initial placement in proximal femoral intertrochanteric fracture treated with intramedullary nail. METHODS: From June 2014 to June 2016, 60 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures were treated with intramedullary nail, including 27 males and 33 females with an average age of 75 years old ranging from 49 to 88 years old. The lateral images of femoral neck were divided into areas during operation. The anteversion angle of lag screw guide pin of proximal femoral nail was observed at the time of initial insertion. The incidence of normal and larger was counted and the angle index of influencing factors was recorded. RESULTS: Among 60 patients, the screw guide pins of 23 cases were in the central region of the femoral neck and the anteversion angle was normal;screw guide pins of 37 cases were in the front area of the femoral neck, leading to larger anteversion angle. The single factor analysis showed that the independent variables influence factors of larger anteversion were internal collection of the affected limb, internal rotation of the affected limb, hip elevation and screw guide pin level(P<0.05). The multi-factor regression analysis showed that the anteversion angle larger was significantly related to the internal rotation of the affected limb and screw guide pin level, and the screw guide pin level was the most relevant(P=0.030). CONCLUSIONS: The internal rotation of the affected limb and screw guide pin level may affect the anteversion angle of femoral neck when lag screw guide pin initial insertion, cause it to be too large and the screw guide pin level is the main influencing factor.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pinos Ortopédicos , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Fêmur , Colo do Fêmur , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 2073-2085, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881131

RESUMO

Background: Previous accidental findings showed that administration of immunoglobulin G (IgG) in treating autoimmune diseases was able to inhibit cancers that happened to grow in these patients. However, such treatment has not been used to treat cancer patients clinically. The mechanism and optimal dosages of this treatment have not been established. Subsequent animal experiments confirmed this effect, but all previous studies in animal models used human IgG which was heterogeneous to the animal hosts and therefore could adversely interfere with the results. Materials and methods: We tested different dosages of mouse IgG in treating and preventing three syngeneic cancer types (melanoma, colon cancer, and breast cancer) in three immune potent mouse models. The expression of Ki67, CD34, VEGF, MMPs, and cytokines in tumor tissues were examined with immunohistochemistry or quantitative real-time PCR to evaluate tumor proliferation, vascularization, metastasis, and proinflammatory response in the tumor microenvironment. Results: We found that low-dose IgG could effectively inhibit cancer progression, regulate tumor vessel normalization, and prolong survival. Administration of IgG before cancer cell inoculation could also prevent the development of cancer. In addition, IgG caused changes in a number of cytokines and skewed macrophage polarization toward M1-like phenotype, characterized by proinflammatory activity and inhibition of proliferation of cancer cells. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that nonspecific IgG at low dosages could be a promising candidate for cancer prevention and treatment.

20.
Viruses ; 11(3)2019 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871248

RESUMO

The complete sequence of a novel RNA virus isolated from Tetrastichus brontispae (TbRV-1) was determined to be 12,239 nucleotides in length with five non-overlapping, linearly arranged coding sequences (CDS), potentially encoding nucleoproteins, hypothetical proteins, matrix proteins, glycoproteins, and RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. Sequence analysis indicated that the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of TbRV-1 shares a 65% nucleotide and 67% amino acid sequence identity with Hubei dimarhabdovirus 2, suggesting that TbRV-1 is a member of the dimarhabdovirus supergroup. This corresponded to the result of the phylogenetic analysis. The affiliation of TbRV-1 with members of the family Rhabdoviridae was further validated by similar transcription termination motifs (GGAACUUUUUUU) to the Drosophila sigmavirus. The prevalence of TbRV-1 in all tissues suggested that the virus was constitutive of, and not specific to, any wasp tissue. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the complete genome sequence of a dimarhabdovirus in parasitoids.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral , Himenópteros/virologia , Filogenia , Vírus de RNA/genética , Animais , Vírus de RNA/classificação , Vírus de RNA/isolamento & purificação , RNA Viral/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
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