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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150086, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537705

RESUMO

Heavy metals driven co-selection of antibiotic resistance in soil and water bodies has been widely concerned, but the response of antibiotic resistance to co-existence of antibiotics and heavy metals in composting system is still unknown. Commonly used sulfamethoxazole and copper were individually and jointly added into four reactors to explore their effects on antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), mobile genetic elements (MGEs), heavy metal resistance genes (MRGs) and bacterial community structure. The abundance of total ARGs and MGEs were notably decreased by 68.64%-84.95% and 91.27-97.38%, respectively, after the composting. Individual addition of sulfamethoxazole, individual addition of copper, simultaneously addition of sulfamethoxazole and copper increased the abundance of ARGs and MGEs throughout the composting period. Co-exposure of sulfamethoxazole and copper elevated the total abundance of ARGs by 1.17-1.51 times by the end of the composting compared to individual addition of sulfamethoxazole or copper. Network analysis indicated that the shifts in potential host bacteria determined the ARGs variation. Additionally, MGEs and MRGs had significant effects on ARGs, revealing that horizontal gene transfer and heavy metals induced co-resistance could promote ARGs dissemination.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 723729, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776951

RESUMO

The Polycomb protein enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) has critical roles in prostate cancer (PCa) progression and drug-resistance, which remains an obstacle for PCa treatment. Enzalutamide (ENZ) is a second-generation androgen receptor antagonist employed for treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer A considerable proportion of tumors eventually develop resistance during treatment. Thus, agents that can overcome resistance to PCa are needed urgently. Ilicicolin A (Ili-A), an ascochlorin derivative isolated from the coral-derived fungus Acremonium sclerotigenum GXIMD 02501, shows antiproliferative activity in human PCa cells, but its mechanism of action against Castration-resistant prostate cancer is not known. Herein, RNA-sequencing showed the EZH2 pathway to be involved in PCa proliferation. Ili-A at low doses reduced the protein level of EZH2, leading to transcriptional change. Interestingly, Ili-A suppressed the binding of EZH2 to promoter regions in AR/serine/threonine polo-like kinase-1/aurora kinase A. Moreover, Ili-A could enhance the anticancer activity of enzalutamide in CRPC cancer models. These data suggest that Ili-A could be used in combination with enzalutamide to treat CRPC.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126378, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808315

RESUMO

Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) producer selection is a key step in mixed culture (MC) production. This study focused on incompatibility between PHA storage and floc settling of MCs in the selection process. In a selector using fermented waste activated sludge as substrate under varying organic loading, average maximum PHA content obtained in batch assays increased by ∼22 wt% and biomass concentration increased by ∼34% with the increasing of organic loading. However, poor floc settling occurred, causing decreased batch PHA production and costly downstream process. A flank community which can corporately use non-VFA organics existed in the selector. When organic loading increased, PHA producers had stronger negative interactions, but not cooperation with the flank community members. Thus, high PHA storage of MCs was bounded to the domination of core PHA producer. But the domination of Thauera bacteria under high organic loading indirectly induced a bloom of filamentous bacteria.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have suggested that soluble programmed death-1 (sPD-1) and soluble programmed cell death ligand-1 (sPD-L1) have prognostic implications in many malignant tumors. However, the correlation between sPD-1/sPD-L1 level and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unclear. METHODS: We searched several electronic databases from database inception to October 7, 2021. Meta-analyses were performed separately for overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), time to progression (TTP), and tumor-free survival (TFS). Random effects were introduced to this meta-analysis. The correlation between sPD-1/sPD-L1 level and prognosis was evaluated using hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs). RESULTS: A total of 11 studies (1291 patients) were incorporated into this meta-analysis, including seven on sPD-L1, two on sPD-1, and two about both factors. The pooled results showed that high sPD-L1 level was associated with worse OS (HR = 2.46, 95%CI 1.74-3.49, P < 0.001; I2 = 31.4, P = 0.177) and poorer DFS/RFS/TTP/TFS of patients with HCC (HR = 2.22, 95%CI 1.47-3.35, P < 0.001; I2 = 66.1, P = 0.011), irrespective of method of detection, study type, treatment, cut-off value and follow-up time. In contrast, the level of sPD-1 was not correlated to the OS (HR = 1.19, 95%CI 0.55-2.56, P = 0.657) and DFS/TFS of patients with HCC (HR = 0.94, 95%CI 0.36-2.49, P = 0.906). CONCLUSION: sPD-L1 rather than sPD-1 could be a good predictor for recurrence and survival after treatment for HCC. More high-quality prospective studies are warranted to assess the prognostic value of sPD-1 or sPD-L1 for HCC.

5.
World J Urol ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the management of 2-3 cm lower pole renal calculi (LPC) in obese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 120 obese patients with 2-3 cm LPC were randomly divided into mPNL group and RIRS group. Demography, clinical characteristics, perioperative complications, and stone free rate (SFR) were recorded. Stone-free status means no stone on computed tomography 3 months after surgery, or residual fragments were less than 3 mm. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. The mean stone burden was 585.39 ± 131.06 mm2 in the mPNL group and 548.64 ± 123.55 mm2 in the RIRS group (P = 0.125). The SFR of mPNL group was significantly better than that of RIRS group (86.2% vs 61.4%, P = 0.002). Besides, the overall complication rate was 22.4% in the mPNL group and 7% in the RIRS group (P = 0.02). Patients performed with mPNL required longer length of hospital stay than those with RIRS (P = 0.001). There were no significant differences in operative time and stone composition between the two groups. CONCLUSION: In our study, both mPNL and RIRS are safe and effective techniques for the treatment of 2-3 cm LPC in obese patients. Compared to RIRS, mPNL has better SFR at the expense of the higher incidence of complications and prolonged length of hospital stay.

6.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(9): 093507, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598508

RESUMO

Plasma electron density is one of the most fundamental parameters when studying tokamak plasma physics, which is widely used in plasma control systems and plasma physics analyses. A hydrogen cyanide laser interferometer is generally applied to measure the plasma electron density in many tokamak devices. Therein, the plasma electron density is calculated by measuring the phase difference between the reference signal and the detector signal. This work provides a new way to realize real-time measurements of the plasma electron density with a phase comparator and processing system based on a field-programmable gate array chip. The system integrates a signal processing module, an all-phase fast Fourier transform (ap-FFT) module realized via matrix operations and phase comparisons, and a network communication module all in one board. This work concludes that the ap-FFT is robust and accurate for phase calculations compared with a windowing FFT. A data-reuse method and a phase shift method are proposed to improve the time resolution and phase range. The phase error is less than 0.1° and the time resolution is 0.025 ms, which is better than hardware methods and traditional software methods. This system is highly flexible with reduced design costs to meet the requirements of a tokamak, which can provide a valuable reference for other tokamak and phase difference comparisons.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 733530, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659220

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been widely used in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while only a subset of patients experience clinical benefit. We aimed to investigate the effects of viral etiology on response to ICIs in HCC and depict the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) of virally infected and uninfected HCC. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials up to August 2021. Clinical trials reporting the efficacy of ICIs in HCC were eligible. Baseline characteristics including first author, year of publication, National Clinical Trials (NCT) registry number, study region, sample sizes, interventions, line of treatment, and viral status were extracted. Meta-analysis was conducted to generate combined odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) based on random or fixed effect model, depending on heterogeneity. Tumor immune microenvironment was depicted using ESTIMATE and CIBERSORT algorithm. Results: Eight studies involving 1,520 patients were included. Combined data suggested that there was no significant difference of objective response rate (ORR) between virally infected HCC and non-viral HCC patients [OR = 1.03 (95% CI, 0.77-1.37; I2 = 30.9%, pH = 0.152)]. Similarly, difference was not observed on ORR between HBV-HCC and HCV-HCC patients [OR = 0.74 (95% CI, 0.52-1.06; I2 = 7.4%, pH = 0.374)]. The infiltration of immune cells in the tumor microenvironment did not differ by etiology except for M0 macrophages, M2 macrophages, regulatory T cells, naive B cells, follicular helper T cells, activated dendritic cells, activated mast cells, and plasma cells. Despite differences in infiltration observed in specific cell types, the immune score and stromal score were generally comparable among etiology groups. Conclusion: Viral etiology may not be considered as the selection criteria for patients receiving ICIs in HCC, and viral status has little impact on TIME remodeling during HCC tumorigenesis.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 704703, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692482

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BCa) is a common heterogeneous urinary system tumor with high malignancy and limited advancement in treatment. Limited understanding of BCa has not contributed to any significant progress in diagnosis or treatment, exploring the mechanisms underlying BCa has become an urgent research focus. Exosomes, a type of extracellular vesicle (EV), have drawn substantial interest for their important roles in mediating intracellular communication. Exosomes shuttle numerous bioactive molecules, and noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are among the most numerous. ncRNAs including microRNA, long noncoding RNA, and circular RNA are sorted and packaged into exosomes selectively and transferred into recipient cells to regulate their function. Exosomal ncRNAs are associated with hallmarks of BCa, such as proliferation, apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cell cycle arrest, lymphangiogenesis, and chemotherapy resistance. Exosomal ncRNAs can also be detected in urine and serum, making them encouraging biomarkers for BCa diagnosis and prognosis. More importantly, exosomes exhibit excellent biocompatibility and potential for diversified applications. The delivery of bioactive substances and drugs into specific cells has become a promising approach for precision therapy for BCa patients. In addition, cancer vaccines have also received increasing attention. In this review, we summarize the current research on the regulatory roles of exosomal ncRNAs in BCa tumorigenesis and progression, as well as their potential clinical value in accelerating the diagnosis and therapy of BCa.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 691002, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631525

RESUMO

Background: The lung immune prognostic index (LIPI) is recently developed to predict immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) treatment outcomes for non-small cell lung cancer. However, its predictive value for other types of cancer remained unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between pretreatment LIPI score and therapeutic outcomes in cancer patients treated with ICIs. Methods: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library literature databases and EMBASE for abstracts and full-text articles published from the inception of the database until 16th, Nov 2020. Meta-analyses were performed separately for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) by using the random-effects model. Results: A total of 12 studies involving 4883 patients receiving ICIs treatment were identified for the primary analysis. The pooled results implied that compared with good LIPI score groups, patients with poor or intermediate LIPI score were significantly associated with worse OS (HR=3.33, 95%CI 2.64-4.21, P < 0.001, I2 = 64.2%; HR=1.71, 95%CI 1.43-2.04, P < 0.001, I2 = 43.6%, respectively) and PFS (HR=2.73,95%CI 2.00-3.73, P < 0.001, I2 = 78.2%; HR=1.43, 95%CI 1.28-1.61, P < 0.001, I2 = 16.3%, respectively). Also, for 1873 patients receiving chemotherapy, a poor LIPI score was significantly associated with worse OS (HR=2.30, 95%CI 1.73-3.07, P < 0.001; I2 = 56.2%) and PFS (HR=1.92,95%CI 1.69-2.17; P < 0.001; I2 = 0.0%) compared with good LIPI score groups. Conclusions: A good LIPI score was significantly correlated with improved OS and PFS in cancer patients receiving ICIs or chemotherapy, regardless of the types of cancer.

10.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e048646, 2021 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether early intensive care transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) can improve the prognosis of patients with mechanical ventilation (MV). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients undergoing MV for more than 48 hours, based on the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database and the eICU Collaborative Research Database (eICU-CRD), were selected. PARTICIPANTS: 2931 and 6236 patients were recruited from the MIMIC-III database and the eICU database, respectively. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were 30-day mortality from the date of ICU admission, days free of MV and vasopressors 30 days after ICU admission, use of vasoactive drugs, total intravenous fluid and ventilator settings during the first day of MV. RESULTS: We used propensity score matching to analyse the association between early TTE and in-hospital mortality and sensitivity analysis, including the inverse probability weighting model and covariate balancing propensity score model, to ensure the robustness of our findings. The adjusted OR showed a favourable effect between the early TTE group and in-hospital mortality (MIMIC: OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.65 to 0.94, p=0.01; eICU-CRD: OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.67 to 0.86, p<0.01). Early TTE was also associated with 30-day mortality in the MIMIC database (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.88, p=0.001). Furthermore, those who had early TTE had both more ventilation-free days (only in eICU-CRD: 23.48 vs 24.57, p<0.01) and more vasopressor-free days (MIMIC: 18.22 vs 20.64, p=0.005; eICU-CRD: 27.37 vs 28.59, p<0.001) than the control group (TTE applied outside of the early TTE and no TTE at all). CONCLUSIONS: Early application of critical care TTE during MV is beneficial for improving in-hospital mortality. Further investigation with prospectively collected data is required to validate this relationship.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Respiração Artificial , Cuidados Críticos , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(9)2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34573373

RESUMO

Heavy-ion irradiation is a powerful mutagen and is widely used for mutation breeding. In this study, using whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) techniques, we comprehensively characterized these dynamic changes caused by mutations at three time points (48, 96, and 144 h after irradiation) and the expression profiles of rice seeds irradiated with C ions at two doses. Subsequent WGS analysis revealed that more mutations were detected in response to 40 Gy carbon ion beam (CIB) irradiation than 80 Gy of CIB irradiation at the initial stage (48 h post-irradiation). In the mutants generated from both irradiation doses, single-base substitutions (SBSs) were the most frequent type of mutation induced by CIB irradiation. Among the mutations, the predominant ones were C:T and A:G transitions. CIB irradiation also induced many short InDel mutations. RNA-seq analysis at the three time points showed that the number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was highest at 48 h post-irradiation. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of the DEGs showed that the "replication and repair" pathway was enriched specifically 48 h post-irradiation. These results indicate that the DNA damage response (DDR) and the mechanism of DNA repair tend to quickly start within the initial stage (48 h) after irradiation.

12.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127149, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530271

RESUMO

Aerobic composting is commonly used in pig manure treatment, however, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and their unclear transformation during composting process make the treated manure land using risky. The effects of enhanced thermophilic phase strategy (external heating (HTC) and thermophiles inoculation (MC)) on ARGs removal and the underlying mechanisms were investigated during swine manure composting. HTC increased the total relative abundance (RA) of ARGs by 32.38%, and MC decreased by 21.50% compared to CK by the end of the composting. Mantel test indicated that it was not temperature (P > 0.05), but environmental parameters (pH, Electric Conductivity (EC), etc.) and metabolic products (nitrogen forms) significantly affected the ARGs profile. Partial least-squares path modeling (PLS-PM) suggested that microbial community structure (bacterial abundance and diversities) was the main factor for ARGs evolution. Co-occurrence analysis revealed that HTC could promote the propagation of ARG hosts in later stage of the composting because the strong selection of thermophiles resulted in ecological niches vacancy, and MC enhanced the competition between hosts and nonhosts for ecological niches by increasing thermophiles diversities. These results suggested that competitive inhibition to potential ARGs hosts could be a helpful strategy in ARGs threaten elimination during composting.

13.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have identified an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Sex and regional disparities in incidence of HCC in AIH continue to be reported worldwide. Nevertheless, the magnitude of this gap remains unknown. METHOD: We searched several databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang Data, CNKI and SinoMed. Incidence rates of HCC in AIH were combined and analyzed following the EBayes method. Incidence rate ratios were pooled to assess the sex differences. The impact of population difference, sex, age, cirrhotic condition was further analyzed with subgroup analysis and linear regression analysis. RESULT: 39 studies meeting our eligibility criteria were chosen for the analysis. The pooled incidence rate of HCC in AIH was 3.54 per 1000 person years (95% CI 2.76-4.55). Pooled IRR for the risk of HCC in male AIH patients compared to female was 2.16 (95% CI 1.25-3.75), with mild heterogeneity among studies. The pooled HCC incidence rate in AIH by continents was as follows: Europe 2.37 per 1000 person-years (95% CI 1.45-3.88), Asia 6.18 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 5.51-6.93), North America 2.97 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 2.40-3.68), Oceania 2.60 (95%CI 0.54-7.58). The pooled HCC incidence rate in AIH-related cirrhosis by continent was as follows: Europe 6.35 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 3.94-10.22), Asia 17.02 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 11.18-25.91), North America 10.89 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 6.69-17.74). CONCLUSION: A higher HCC incidence in AIH was observed among male and in Asian populations. Cirrhosis status at AIH diagnosis is significantly associated with an increased incidence rate for HCC, and routine HCC surveillance is recommended for patients with AIH cirrhosis, especially for those in Asia.

14.
Front Oncol ; 11: 731572, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540698

RESUMO

The efficacy of first-and second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in NSCLC patients with the EGFR L861Q mutation has been studied previously. However, there is little evidence on the efficacy of osimertinib in NSCLC patients with uncommon mutations. Here, we report the case of a 68-year-old man with advanced NSCLC with concurrent EGFR L861Q mutation as well as TP53 and RB1 mutations. The patient was treated with osimertinib as first-line therapy and achieved a remarkable progression-free survival of 15 months. His symptoms were significantly alleviated and the dose was well tolerated. The findings of the present study indicate that osimertinib might be a good treatment option for NSCLC patients with the L861Q mutation.

15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 1676152, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512861

RESUMO

The roles of the lncRNA X inactive specific transcript (XIST) in many diseases, including cancers and inflammatory sickness, have been previously elucidated. However, renal calculus remained poorly understood. In this study, we revealed the potential effects of XIST on kidney stones that were exerted via inflammatory response and oxidative stress mechanisms. We established a glyoxylate-induced calcium oxalate (CaOx) stone mouse model and exposed HK-2 cells to calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM). The interactions among XIST, miR-223-3p, and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and their respective effects were determined by RNAs and protein expression, luciferase activity, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays. Cell necrosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and inflammatory responses were detected after silencing XIST, activating and inhibiting miR-223-3p, and both knocking down XIST and activating miR-223-3p in vitro and in vivo. The XIST, NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1ß levels were notably increased in kidney samples from glyoxylate-induced CaOx stone model mice. XIST knockdown significantly suppressed the inflammatory damage and ROS production and further attenuated oxalate crystal deposition. miRNA-223-3p mimics also exerted the same effects. Moreover, we verified the interactions among XIST, miRNA-223-3p and NLRP3, and the subsequent effects. Our results suggest that the lncRNA XIST participates in the formation and progression of renal calculus by interacting with miR-223-3p and the NLRP3/Caspase-1/IL-1ß pathway to mediate the inflammatory response and ROS production.

16.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 125, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of hemorrhage volume is critical for both the prediction of prognosis and the selection of appropriate clinical treatment after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed to evaluate the performance and accuracy of a deep learning-based automated segmentation algorithm in segmenting spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) volume either with or without intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) extension. We compared this automated pipeline with two manual segmentation techniques. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 105 patients with acute spontaneous ICH. Depending on the presence of IVH extension, patients were divided into two groups: ICH without (n = 56) and with IVH (n = 49). ICH volume of the two groups were segmented and measured using a deep learning-based artificial intelligence (AI) diagnostic system and computed tomography-based planimetry (CTP), and the ABC/2 score were used to measure hemorrhage volume in the ICH without IVH group. Correlations and agreement analyses were used to analyze the differences in volume and length of processing time among the three segmentation approaches. RESULTS: In the ICH without IVH group, the ICH volumes measured using AI and the ABC/2 score were comparable to CTP segmentation. Strong correlations were observed among the three segmentation methods (r = 0.994, 0.976, 0.974; P < 0.001; concordance correlation coefficient [CCC] = 0.993, 0.968, 0.967). But the absolute error of the ICH volume measured by the ABC/2 score was greater than that of the algorithm (P < 0.05). In the ICH with IVH group, there is no significant differences were found between algorithm and CTP(P = 0.614). The correlation and agreement between CTP and AI were strong (r = 0.996, P < 0.001; CCC = 0.996). The AI segmentation took a significantly shorter amount of time than CTP (P < 0.001), but was slightly longer than ABC/2 score technique (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The deep learning-based AI diagnostic system accurately quantified volumes of acute spontaneous ICH with high fidelity and greater efficiency compared to the CTP measurement and more accurately than the ABC/2 scores. We believe this is a promising tool to help physicians achieve precise ICH quantification in practice.

17.
Front Immunol ; 12: 668492, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456902

RESUMO

All the time, echinococcosis is a global zoonotic disease which seriously endangers public health all over the world. In order to speed up the development process of anti-Echinococcus granulosus vaccine, at the same time, it can also save economic cost. In this study, immunoinformatics tools and molecular docking methods were used to predict and screen the antigen epitopes of Echinococcus granulosus, to design a multi-epitope vaccine containing B- and T-cell epitopes. The multi-epitope vaccine could activate B lymphocytes to produce specific antibodies theoretically, which could protect the human body against Echinococcus granulosus infection. It also could activate T lymphocytes and clear the infected parasites in the body. In this study, four CD8+ T-cell epitopes, three CD4+ T-cell epitopes and four B-cell epitopes of Protein EgTeg were identified by immunoinformatics methods. Meanwhile, three CD8+ T-cell epitopes, two CD4+ T-cell epitopes and four B-cell epitopes of Protein EgFABP1 were identified. We constructed the multi-epitope vaccine using linker proteins. The study based on the traditional methods of antigen epitope prediction, further optimized the prediction results combined with molecular docking technology and improved the precision and accuracy of the results. Finally, in vivo and in vitro experiments had verified that the vaccine designed in this study had good antigenicity and immunogenicity.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Helmintos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Equinococose/prevenção & controle , Echinococcus granulosus/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Vacinas de DNA/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/sangue , Antígenos de Helmintos/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/parasitologia , Células Cultivadas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Equinococose/sangue , Equinococose/imunologia , Equinococose/parasitologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/farmacologia , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/parasitologia , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia , Vacinas de Subunidades/imunologia , Vacinas de Subunidades/farmacologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(17): 12009-12018, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431661

RESUMO

Diatrizoate, a refractory ionic iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM) compound, cannot be efficiently degraded in a complex wastewater matrix even by advanced oxidation processes. We report in this research that a homogeneous process, thiourea dioxide (TDO) coupled with trace Cu(II) (several micromoles, ubiquitous in some wastewater), is effective for reductive deiodination and degradation of diatrizoate at neutral pH values. Specifically, the molar ratio of iodide released to TDO consumed reached 2 under ideal experimental conditions. TDO eventually decomposed into urea and sulfite/sulfate. Based on the results of diatrizoate degradation, TDO decomposition, and Cu(I) generation and consumption during the TDO-Cu(II) reaction, we confirmed that Cu(I) is responsible for diatrizoate degradation. However, free Cu(I) alone did not work. It was proposed that Cu(I) complexes are actual reactive species toward diatrizoate. Inorganic anions and effluent organic matter negatively influence diatrizoate degradation, but by increasing the TDO dosage, as well as extending the reaction time, its degradation efficiency can still be guaranteed for real hospital wastewater. This reduction reaction could be potentially useful for in situ deiodination and degradation of diatrizoate in hospital wastewater before discharge into municipal sewage networks.


Assuntos
Diatrizoato , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Meios de Contraste , Oxirredução , Tioureia/análogos & derivados , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
19.
Pathol Res Pract ; 225: 153563, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the preoperative risk factors associated with the unfavorable pathology (UP) of clinical T1 (cT1) renal lesions. The aims of this study were to develop and compare several novel models capable of accurately identifying those patients at high risk of harboring occult adverse histopathological characteristics. METHODS: The clinical parameters and preoperative laboratory test results from 1281 cT1 renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) patients who underwent partial nephrectomy (PN) or radical nephrectomy (RN) were collected. The data was randomly split into training (70%) and testing (30%) datasets. We performed univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses for significant predictors and, subsequently, constructed predictive models based on those significant risk factors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine the model with the highest discrimination power with corresponding area under the curve (AUC). Calibration curves were plotted and decision curve analyses (DCAs) were applied to explore clinical net benefit. RESULTS: UP was identified in 21.1% (n = 270), 21.0% (n = 188) and 21.3% (n = 82) patients in the total population, training cohort and validation cohort, respectively. R.E.N.A.L. (radius, exophytic/endophytic properties, nearness of tumor to collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior, location relative to the polar lines) nephrometry score, tumor size, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and albumin-to-globulin ratio (AGR) were independent predictors of UP. Among those predictive models, the model that consisted of tumor size, hemoglobin, NLR and AGR performs best according to the highest AUC of 0.70 and the highest net benefit. When tumor histology was added to the biomarker-based model, including tumor size, hemoglobin, NLR and AGR, the AUC improved from 0.60 to 0.63 in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: In this analytical model study, our findings verified that systemic inflammation response markers showed high potential for identifying UP. Our biomarker-based models well predicted occult aggressive histopathological characteristics among patients with cT1 renal lesions, and the use of models may be greatly beneficial to urologists in tailoring precise management and therapy for patients. Robust validation is warranted prior to adoption into clinical practice.

20.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 4383092, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422032

RESUMO

Color is the basic element of printmaking art creation and also an important medium for artists to express their emotions. In order to improve the understanding of the print by tourists, the research first carries out image analysis of different colors, summarizes the common color image adjectives in the art of publishing and painting, then optimizes BP neural network algorithm by gradient promotion (GP) algorithm, and constructs a color language analysis technology based on GP-BP neural network review paradigm. Through this technology, the content of color expression of different types of print art works is analyzed. Then, the subjective evaluation of these print art works is carried out by questionnaire adjustment method. Finally, the subjective evaluation and network evaluation results are compared. On the three materials, the expression effect of color image adjectives such as "heavy light fast," "modern classical," "lively steady," and "soft Yang Gang" is consistent (P value is greater than 0.05). The first set of print works mainly reflects the artist's "affinity cold" emotion. The MSE values of the evaluation results are less than 0.01. That is, the color language analysis technology of print art based on GP-BP neural network can reflect the artist's emotion to a certain extent when analyzing the color language of the print.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Pinturas , Algoritmos , Estética , Idioma
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