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1.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481017

RESUMO

Most genetic variants for colorectal cancer (CRC) identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are located in intergenic regions, implying pathogenic dysregulations of gene expression. However, comprehensive assessments of target genes in CRC remain to be explored. We conducted a multi-omics analysis using transcriptome and/or DNA methylation data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the Colonomics projects. We identified 116 putative target genes for 45 GWAS-identified variants. Using summary-data-based Mendelian Randomization approach (SMR), we demonstrated that the CRC susceptibility for 29 out of the 45 CRC variants may be mediated by cis-effects on gene regulation. At a cutoff of the Bonferroni-corrected PSMR < 0.05, we determined 66 putative susceptibility genes, including 39 genes that have not been previously reported. We further performed in vitro assays for two selected genes, DIP2B and SFMBT1, and provide functional evidence that they play a vital role in colorectal carcinogenesis via disrupting cell behavior, including migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Our study reveals a large number of putative novel susceptibility genes and provides additional insight into the underlying mechanisms for CRC genetic risk loci.

2.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 11485-11498, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204103

RESUMO

Purpose: CD276 protein expression and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formation are associated with the poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Although both the effects of CD276 and VM formation involve the activation of matrix metalloproteinases, and their relationship has not yet been explored. The following study investigated the effect of CD276 expression on VM formation and the potential mechanisms. Materials and Methods: CD276 expression and VM were examined in commercial tissue microarrays by immunohistochemistry and CD31/PAS double staining. Tumor cell proliferation, invasion, migration and, tube formation were detected in vitro after transfecting HCC cell lines with an shRNA lentiviral vector against CD276. The expression of MMP14, MMP2, VE-cadherin, E-cadherin, and vimentin and MMPs activation was detected by Western blot, immunofluorescence and gelatin zymography assay. In addition, an orthotopic xenograft model of HCC cells was established in vivo, after which VM was detected, along with its marker molecules. Results: CD276 expression was associated with VM and poor prognosis in HCC patients. RNA interference of CD276 reduced tumor cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and VM formation in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, CD276 knockdown up-regulated the expression of E-cadherin but inhibited the phosphorylation of AKT, the expression of MMP14, MMP2, VE-cadherin, vimentin and the activation of MMP2 and MMP9 in HCC cell lines. Conclusion: CD276 may promote VM formation by activating the PI3K/AKT/MMPs pathway and inducing the EMT process in HCC. CD276 may serve as a promising candidate for the anti-VM treatment of HCC.

3.
Cancer ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is increasing among younger birth cohorts. The etiology of early-onset OTSCC (diagnosed before the age of 50 years) and cancer driver genes remain largely unknown. METHODS: The Sequencing Consortium of Oral Tongue Cancer was established through the pooling of somatic mutation data of oral tongue cancer specimens (n = 227 [107 early-onset cases]) from 7 studies and The Cancer Genome Atlas. Somatic mutations at microsatellite loci and Catalog of Somatic Mutations in Cancer mutation signatures were identified. Cancer driver genes were identified with the MutSigCV and WITER algorithms. Mutation comparisons between early- and typical-onset OTSCC were evaluated via linear regression with adjustments for patient-related factors. RESULTS: Two novel driver genes (ATXN1 and CDC42EP1) and 5 previously reported driver genes (TP53, CDKN2A, CASP8, NOTCH1, and FAT1) were identified. Six recurrent mutations were identified, with 4 occurring in TP53. Early-onset OTSCC had significantly fewer nonsilent mutations even after adjustments for tobacco use. No associations of microsatellite locus mutations and mutation signatures with the age of OTSCC onset were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This international, multicenter consortium is the largest study to characterize the somatic mutational landscape of OTSCC and the first to suggest differences by age of onset. This study validates multiple previously identified OTSCC driver genes and proposes 2 novel cancer driver genes. In analyses by age, early-onset OTSCC had a significantly smaller somatic mutational burden that was not explained by differences in tobacco use. LAY SUMMARY: This study identifies 7 specific areas in the human genetic code that could be responsible for promoting the development of tongue cancer. Tongue cancer in young patients (under the age of 50 years) has fewer overall changes to the genetic code in comparison with tongue cancer in older patients, but the authors do not think that this is due to differences in smoking rates between the 2 groups. The cause of increasing cases of tongue cancer in young patients remains unclear.

4.
Gastroenterology ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Susceptibility genes and the underlying mechanisms for the majority of risk loci identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for colorectal cancer (CRC) risk remain largely unknown. We conducted a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) to identify putative susceptibility genes. METHODS: Gene-expression prediction models were built using transcriptome and genetic data from the 284 normal transverse colon tissues of European descendants from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), and model performance was evaluated using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 355). We applied the gene-expression prediction models and GWAS data to evaluate associations of genetically predicted gene-expression with CRC risk in 58,131 CRC cases and 67,347 controls of European ancestry. Dual-luciferase reporter assays and knockdown experiments in CRC cells and tumor xenografts were conducted. RESULTS: We identified 25 genes associated with CRC risk at a Bonferroni-corrected threshold of P < 9.1 × 10-6, including genes in 4 novel loci, PYGL (14q22.1), RPL28 (19q13.42), CAPN12 (19q13.2), MYH7B (20q11.22), and MAP1L3CA (20q11.22). In 9 known GWAS-identified loci, we uncovered 9 genes that have not been reported previously, whereas 4 genes remained statistically significant after adjusting for the lead risk variant of the locus. Through colocalization analysis in GWAS loci, we additionally identified 12 putative susceptibility genes that were supported by TWAS analysis at P < .01. We showed that risk allele of the lead risk variant rs1741640 affected the promoter activity of CABLES2. Knockdown experiments confirmed that CABLES2 plays a vital role in colorectal carcinogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals new putative susceptibility genes and provides new insight into the biological mechanisms underlying CRC development.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 880, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is associated with a unique mutational signature in the human cancer genome. It is unclear whether tobacco smoking-altered DNA methylations and gene expressions affect smoking-related mutational signature. METHODS: We systematically analyzed the smoking-related DNA methylation sites reported from five previous casecontrol studies in peripheral blood cells to identify possible target genes. Using the mediation analysis approach, we evaluated whether the association of tobacco smoking with mutational signature is mediated through altered DNA methylation and expression of these target genes in lung adenocarcinoma tumor tissues. RESULTS: Based on data obtained from 21,108 blood samples, we identified 374 smoking-related DNA methylation sites, annotated to 248 target genes. Using data from DNA methylations, gene expressions and smoking-related mutational signature generated from ~ 7700 tumor tissue samples across 26 cancer types from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we found 11 of the 248 target genes whose expressions were associated with smoking-related mutational signature at a Bonferroni-correction P < 0.001. This included four for head and neck cancer, and seven for lung adenocarcinoma. In lung adenocarcinoma, our results showed that smoking increased the expression of three genes, AHRR, GPR15, and HDGF, and decreased the expression of two genes, CAPN8, and RPS6KA1, which were consequently associated with increased smoking-related mutational signature. Additional evidence showed that the elevated expression of AHRR and GPR15 were associated with smoking-altered hypomethylations at cg14817490 and cg19859270, respectively, in lung adenocarcinoma tumor tissues. Lastly, we showed that decreased expression of RPS6KA1, were associated with poor survival of lung cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide novel insight into the contributions of tobacco smoking to carcinogenesis through the underlying mechanisms of the elevated mutational signature by altered DNA methylations and gene expressions.

6.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 321, 2020 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), through its surface spike glycoprotein (S-protein) recognition on the receptor Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in humans. However, it remains unclear how genetic variations in ACE2 may affect its function and structure, and consequently alter the recognition by SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: We have systemically characterized missense variants in the gene ACE2 using data from the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD; N = 141,456). To investigate the putative deleterious role of missense variants, six existing functional prediction tools were applied to evaluate their impact. We further analyzed the structural flexibility of ACE2 and its protein-protein interface with the S-protein of SARS-CoV-2 using our developed Legion Interfaces Analysis (LiAn) program. RESULTS: Here, we characterized a total of 12 ACE2 putative deleterious missense variants. Of those 12 variants, we further showed that p.His378Arg could directly weaken the binding of catalytic metal atom to decrease ACE2 activity and p.Ser19Pro could distort the most important helix to the S-protein. Another seven missense variants may affect secondary structures (i.e. p.Gly211Arg; p.Asp206Gly; p.Arg219Cys; p.Arg219His, p.Lys341Arg, p.Ile468Val, and p.Ser547Cys), whereas p.Ile468Val with AF = 0.01 is only present in Asian. CONCLUSIONS: We provide strong evidence of putative deleterious missense variants in ACE2 that are present in specific populations, which could disrupt the function and structure of ACE2. These findings provide novel insight into the genetic variation in ACE2 which may affect the SARS-CoV-2 recognition and infection, and COVID-19 susceptibility and treatment.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/etnologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Variação Genética , Geografia , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/química , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/etnologia , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Ligação Proteica , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Internalização do Vírus
7.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(10): 4214-4225, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898364

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the expression and function of bladder cancer (BC) long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) using a high-throughput platform. High-throughput sequencing was used to compare the expression profiles of lncRNA in BC and adjacent normal tissues. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), in situ hybridization, gene ontology, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis were performed to verify differential expression of lncRNA. The effect of lncRNA overexpression on cellular proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion was analyzed following the transfection of lncRNA overexpressing lentivirus into 5637 and T24 cell lines. The overexpressing cells were subcutaneously injected into nude mice to evaluate their effects on tumor growth. Tumor-associated RNA-binding proteins of lncRNA were analyzed by RNA pull-down combined with mass spectrometry. A total of 93 lncRNA genes were upregulated and 352 lncRNA genes were downregulated in the tissues of patients with BC. Of which, we investigated the function of downregulated lnc-MUC20-9. Overexpression of lnc-MUC20-9 in 5637 and T24 cells resulted in decreased tumor cell viability and cell clones, decreased migration and invasion, and increased apoptosis. Similarly, nude mice bearing lnc-MUC20-9 overexpressing tumor cells exhibited smaller tumor size and volume than that of mice bearing control cells. Mass spectrometry analysis showed that lnc-MUC20-9 binds to ROCK1, an oncogene whose expression was decreased in lnc-MUC20-9 overexpressing cells. The study revealed that lnc-MUC20-9 has the function of inhibiting tumor growth, migration, and invasion. In BC cells, lnc-MUC20-9 binds to ROCK1 and may be involved in lnc-MUC20-9-mediated tumor suppressor function, which might be potential therapeutic targets for BC.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 146(8): 2175-2181, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837001

RESUMO

The missing heritability of breast cancer could be partially attributed to rare variants (MAF < 0.5%). To identify breast cancer-associated rare coding variants, we conducted whole-exome sequencing (~50×) in genomic DNA samples obtained from 831 breast cancer cases and 839 controls of Chinese females. Using burden tests for each gene that included rare missense or predicted deleterious variants, we identified 29 genes showing promising associations with breast cancer risk. We replicated the association for two genes, OGDHL and BRCA2, at a Bonferroni-corrected p < 0.05, by genotyping an independent set of samples from 1,628 breast cancer cases and 1,943 controls. The association for OGDHL was primarily driven by three predicted deleterious variants (p.Val827Met, p.Pro839Leu, p.Phe836Ser; p < 0.01 for all). For BRCA2, we characterized a total of 27 disruptive variants, including 18 nonsense, six frameshift and three splicing variants, whereas they were only detected in cases, but none of the controls. All of these variants were either very rare (AF < 0.1%) or not detected in >4,500 East Asian women from the genome Aggregation database (gnomAD), providing additional support to our findings. Our study revealed a potential novel gene and multiple disruptive variants of BRCA2 for breast cancer risk, which may identify high-risk women in Chinese populations.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA2/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Complexo Cetoglutarato Desidrogenase/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
9.
BMC Med Genomics ; 12(1): 131, 2019 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although APOBEC-mutational signature is found in tumor tissues of multiple cancers, how a common germline APOBEC3A/B deletion affects the mutational signature remains unclear. METHODS: Using data from 10 cancer types generated as part of TCGA, we performed integrative genomic and association analyses to assess inter-relationship of expressions for isoforms APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B, APOBEC-mutational signature, germline APOBEC3A/B deletions, neoantigen loads, and tumor infiltration lymphocytes (TILs). RESULTS: We found that expression level of the isoform uc011aoc transcribed from the APOBEC3A/B chimera was associated with a greater burden of APOBEC-mutational signature only in breast cancer, while germline APOBEC3A/B deletion led to an increased expression level of uc011aoc in multiple cancer types. Furthermore, we found that the deletion was associated with elevated APOBEC-mutational signature, neoantigen loads and relative composition of T cells (CD8+) in TILs only in breast cancer. Additionally, we also found that APOBEC-mutational signature significantly contributed to neoantigen loads and certain immune cell abundances in TILs across cancer types. CONCLUSIONS: These findings reveal new insights into understanding the genetic, biological and immunological mechanisms through which APOBEC genes may be involved in carcinogenesis, and provide potential genetic biomarker for the development of disease prevention and cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Citidina Desaminase/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/citologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Deleção de Sequência
10.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(3): 477-492, 2019 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402092

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified hundreds of genetic risk variants for human cancers. However, target genes for the majority of risk loci remain largely unexplored. It is also unclear whether GWAS risk-loci-associated genes contribute to mutational signatures and tumor mutational burden (TMB) in cancer tissues. We systematically conducted cis-expression quantitative trait loci (cis-eQTL) analyses for 294 GWAS-identified variants for six major types of cancer-colorectal, lung, ovary, prostate, pancreas, and melanoma-by using transcriptome data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) Project, the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and other public data sources. By using integrative analysis strategies, we identified 270 candidate target genes, including 99 with previously unreported associations, for six cancer types. By analyzing functional genomic data, our results indicate that 180 genes (66.7% of 270) had evidence of cis-regulation by putative functional variants via proximal promoter or distal enhancer-promoter interactions. Together with our previously reported associations for breast cancer risk, our results show that 24 genes are shared by at least two cancer types, including four genes for both breast and ovarian cancer. By integrating mutation data from TCGA, we found that expression levels of 33 and 66 putative susceptibility genes were associated with specific mutational signatures and TMB of cancer-driver genes, respectively, at a Bonferroni-corrected p < 0.05. Together, these findings provide further insight into our understanding of how genetic risk variants might contribute to carcinogenesis through the regulation of susceptibility genes that are related to the biogenesis of somatic mutations.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Neoplasias/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas
11.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 28(8): 1308-1315, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathogenic variants in susceptibility genes lead to increased breast cancer risk. METHODS: To identify coding variants associated with breast cancer risk, we conducted whole-exome sequencing in genomic DNA samples from 831 breast cancer cases and 839 controls of Chinese women. We also genotyped samples, including 4,580 breast cancer cases and 6,695 controls, using whole exome-chip arrays. We further performed a replication study using a Multi-Ethnic Global Array in samples from 1,793 breast cases and 2,059 controls. A single marker analysis was performed using the Fisher exact test. RESULTS: We identified a missense variant (rs139379666, P2974L; AF = 0.09% for breast cancer cases, but none for controls) in the ATM gene for breast cancer risk using combing data from 7,204 breast cancer cases and 9,593 controls (P = 1.7 × 10-5). To investigate the functionality of the variant, we first silenced ATM and then transfected the overexpression vectors of ATM containing the risk alleles (TT) or reference alleles (CC) of the variant in U2OS and breast cancer SK-BR3 cells, respectively. Our results showed that compared with the reference allele, the risk allele significantly disrupts the activity of homologous recombination-mediated double-strand breaks repair efficiency. Our results further showed that the risk allele may play a defected regulation role in the activity of the ATM structure. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings identified a novel mutation that disrupts ATM function, conferring to breast cancer risk. IMPACT: Functional investigation of genetic association findings is necessary to discover a pathogenic variant for breast cancer risk.


Assuntos
Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Reparo de DNA por Recombinação , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/métodos
12.
Front Plant Sci ; 9: 1636, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30498503

RESUMO

The ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase (UCH) and ubiquitin-specific processing protease (UBP) protein families both function in protein deubiquitination, playing important roles in a wide range of biological processes in animals, fungi, and plants. Little is known about the functions of these proteins in rice (Oryza sativa), and the numbers of genes reported for these families have not been consistent between different rice database resources. To further explore their functions, it is necessary to first clarify the basic molecular and biochemical nature of these two gene families. Using a database similarity search, we clarified the numbers of genes in these two families in the rice genome, examined the enzyme activities of their corresponding proteins, and characterized the expression patterns of all OsUCH and representative OsUBP genes. Five OsUCH and 44 OsUBP genes were identified in the rice genome, with four OsUCH proteins and 10 of 16 tested representative OsUBP proteins showing enzymatic activities. Two OsUCHs and five OsUBPs were found to be preferentially expressed in the early development of rice stamens. This work thus lays down a reliable bioinformatic foundation for future investigations of genes in these two families, particularly for exploring their potential roles in rice stamen development.

13.
Plant Physiol ; 176(1): 819-835, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158333

RESUMO

This study aimed at elucidating regulatory components behind floral organ identity determination and tissue development. It remains unclear how organ identity proteins facilitate development of organ primordia into tissues with a determined identity, even though it has long been accepted that floral organ identity is genetically determined by interaction of identity genes according to the ABC model. Using the chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing technique, we identified OsTGA10, encoding a bZIP transcription factor, as a target of the MADS box protein OsMADS8, which is annotated as an E-class organ identity protein. We characterized the function of OsTGA10 using genetic and molecular analyses. OsTGA10 was preferentially expressed during stamen development, and mutation of OsTGA10 resulted in male sterility. OsTGA10 was required for tapetum development and functioned by interacting with known tapetum genes. In addition, in ostga10 stamens, the hallmark cell wall thickening of the endothecium was defective. Our findings suggest that OsTGA10 plays a mediator role between organ identity determination and tapetum development in rice stamen development, between tapetum development and microspore development, and between various regulatory components required for tapetum development. Furthermore, the defective endothecium in ostga10 implies that cell wall thickening of endothecium is dependent on tapetum development.


Assuntos
Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flores/metabolismo , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/metabolismo , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , DNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Epistasia Genética , Flores/citologia , Flores/ultraestrutura , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Oryza/genética , Fenótipo , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
14.
Mol Plant ; 8(7): 1069-89, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25684654

RESUMO

Stamen is a unique plant organ wherein germ cells or microsporocytes that commit to meiosis are initiated from somatic cells during its early developmental process. While genes determining stamen identity are known according to the ABC model of floral development, little information is available on how these genes affect germ cell initiation. By using the Affymetrix GeneChip Rice Genome Array to assess 51 279 transcripts, we established a dynamic gene expression profile (GEP) of the early developmental process of rice (Oryza sativa) stamen. Systematic analysis of the GEP data revealed novel expression patterns of some developmentally important genes including meiosis-, tapetum-, and phytohormone-related genes. Following the finding that a substantial amount of nuclear genes encoding photosynthetic proteins are expressed at the low levels in early rice stamen, through the ChIP-seq analysis we found that a C-class MADS box protein, OsMADS58, binds many nuclear-encoded genes participated in photosystem and light reactions and the expression levels of most of them are increased when expression of OsMADS58 is downregulated in the osmads58 mutant. Furthermore, more pro-chloroplasts are observed and increased signals of reactive oxygen species are detected in the osmads58 mutant anthers. These findings implicate a novel link between stamen identity determination and hypoxia status establishment.


Assuntos
Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flores/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oryza/genética , Fotossíntese/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Núcleo Celular/genética , Cloroplastos/genética , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Flores/citologia , Flores/metabolismo , Genômica , Oryza/citologia , Oryza/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
15.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 13(5): 354-6, 2010 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20499304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Sapylin combined with intraperitoneal and systemic chemotherapy for advanced colon cancer following radical operation on local recurrence, hepatic metastasis, and overall survival rate. METHODS: From Jan. 2004 to Dec. 2005,132 patients with stage II or III colon carcinoma after radical operation were randomly divided into two groups: Sapylin combined with chemotherapy(Sapylin) group and the control group. Toxic reaction, local recurrence, hepatic metastasis, and overall survival rate between two groups were compared. RESULTS: Both groups successfully completed the trial. There was no significant difference in toxic reaction between two groups, the recurrence and hepatic metastasis rate in Sapylin group were lower than those in the control group(9/60, 15.0% vs. 22/72, 30.6%; 11/60,18.3% vs. 22/72, 34.7%, respectively), which were statistically significant (P<0.05 respectively). The 3- year survival rate in Sapylin group was higher than that in control group(73.3% vs. 54.2%), which was statistically significant (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Sapylin combined with intraperitoneal and systemic chemotherapy can effectively decrease local recurrence and hepatic metastasis,and improve the survival in patients with advanced colon cancer following radical operation.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Streptococcus pyogenes , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
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