Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 816
Filtrar
1.
Chin Chem Lett ; 34(1): 107701, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911611

RESUMO

The SARS­CoV­2 virus is released from an infectious source (such as a sick person) and adsorbed on aerosols, which can form pathogenic microorganism aerosols, which can affect human health through airborne transmission. Efficient sampling and accurate detection of microorganisms in aerosols are the premise and basis for studying their properties and evaluating their hazard. In this study, we built a set of sub-micron aerosol detection platform, and carried out a simulation experiment on the SARS­CoV­2 aerosol in the air by wet-wall cyclone combined with immunomagnetic nanoparticle adsorption sampling and ddPCR. The feasibility of the system in aerosol detection was verified, and the influencing factors in the detection process were experimentally tested. As a result, the sampling efficiency was 29.77%, and extraction efficiency was 98.57%. The minimum detection limit per unit volume of aerosols was 250 copies (102 copies/mL, concentration factor 2.5).

2.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383055

RESUMO

Hypoxia has been reported to be an important factor leading to male infertility, and it has been reported that hypoxia can induce the apoptosis of mouse spermatogenic cells. Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) has been reported to promote the degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1α), and thus we hypothesized that SIRT3 may influence hypoxia-induced apoptosis of spermatogonia. In this study, we over-expressed or inhibited SIRT3 in mouse type B spermatogonia GC-2 cells and then subjected the cells to hypoxia or normoxia, before examining hypoxia-responsive gene expression and cell viability. We report that SIRT3 stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and activates its downstream target gene expression in GC-2 cells. We also show that the SIRT3 inhibitor 3-TYP suppresses HIF-1α target gene expression and alleviates hypoxia-induced apoptosis of GC-2 cells. Our study reveals the critical role and underlying mechanisms of SIRT3 in hypoxia-induced apoptosis of mouse type B spermatogonia GC-2 cells.

3.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1022793, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419535

RESUMO

Objectives: To quantitatively summarize the specific changes in brain structure and function in migraine patients. Methods: A literature screening of migraine was conducted from inception to Sept 1, 2022, in PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Medline databases using the keyword combination of "migraine and MRI." Activation likelihood estimation (ALE) was performed to assess the differentiation of functional connectivity (FC), regional homogeneity (ReHo), and gray matter volume (GMV) of migraine patients. Results: Eleven voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies and 25 resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) studies (16 FC and 9 ReHo studies) were included in this study. ALE analysis revealed the ReHo increase in the brainstem and left thalamus, with no decreased area. Neither increased nor decreased regions were detected in FC and GMV of migraine patients. Conclusions: The left thalamus and brainstem were the significantly activated regions of migraine. It is a meaningful insights into the pathophysiology of migraine. The consistent alterated brain areas of morphometrical and functional in migraine patients were far from reached based on current studies.

4.
Curr Biol ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423638

RESUMO

In addition to innate immunity in a physiological context, insects have evolved behavioral defenses against parasite attacks. Here, we report that Drosophila can sense the CFEM (common in fungal extracellular membrane) protein Mcdc9, which acts as a negative virulence factor of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii. The individual deletions of 18 CFEM genes in Metarhizium followed by fly infection identified three null mutants that could kill the flies more quickly than the wild-type strain, among which Mcdc9 can coat fungal spores and interact with the fly chemosensory protein CheA75a. The deletion of Mcdc9 in the fungus or the knockdown of CheA75a in flies had a similar effect, in which a greater number of fungal spores were left on flies than on the respective controls after topical infection. Thus, similar to the accelerated death of the wild-type flies treated with ΔMcdc9, the CheA75aRNAi flies succumbed more quickly than the control insects topically challenged with the wild-type strain. The CheA75a gene is highly transcribed in fly legs and wings, and positive electrophysiological responses were evidenced in tarsal sensilla after stimulation with the Mcdc9 protein. The results imply that this CFEM protein could be sensed as a contact elicitor inducing the hygienic behavior of flies against fungal parasitic infection, which reveals a previously unsuspected mechanism of fungus-insect interactions.

5.
PLoS Genet ; 18(10): e1010455, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206313

RESUMO

Many plant secondary substances are feeding deterrents for insects and play a key role in the selection of host plants. The taste sensilla of phytophagous insects contain gustatory sensory neurons sensitive to deterrents but the molecular basis of deterrent chemoreception remains unknown. We investigated the function of Gr180, the most highly expressed bitter gustatory receptor in the maxillary galea of Helicoverpa armigera larvae. Functional analyses using the Xenopus oocyte expression system and two-electrode voltage clamp revealed that the oocytes expressing Gr180 responded to coumarin. Tip recording results showed that the medial sensilla styloconica of the maxilla of fifth instar larvae exhibited electrophysiological responses to coumarin. Two-choice feeding bioassays confirmed that coumarin inhibited larval feeding. A homozygous mutant strain of H. armigera with truncated Gr180 proteins (Gr180-/-) was established using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. The responses of the medial sensilla styloconica in Gr180-/- to coumarin were almost abolished, and the responses to sinigrin and strychnine were also significantly decreased. Knockout of Gr180 alleviated the feeding deterrent effects of coumarin, sinigrin, and strychnine. Thus, we conclude that Gr180 is a receptor responding to coumarin,and also participates in sensing sinigrin and strychnine. These results enhance our understanding of the gustatory sensing mechanisms of phytophagous insects to deterrents.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Paladar , Animais , Larva/metabolismo , Paladar/genética , Estricnina/metabolismo , Estricnina/farmacologia , Maxila/metabolismo , Mariposas/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/farmacologia
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36233186

RESUMO

The genotype and phenotype of acral melanoma are obviously different from UV-radiation-induced melanoma. Based on the clinical data, mechanical stimulation is believed to be a potential cause of acral melanoma. In this case, it is desirable to clarify the role of mechanical stimulation in the progression of acral melanoma. However, the pathological process of cyclic straining that stimulates acral melanoma is still unclear. In this study, the influence of cyclic straining on melanoma cell proliferation was analyzed by using a specifically designed cell culture system. In the results, cyclic straining could promote melanoma cell proliferation but was inefficient after the disruption of cytoskeleton organization. Therefore, the mechanotransduction mechanism of promoted proliferation was explored. Both myosin and actin polymerization were demonstrated to be related to cyclic straining and further influenced the morphogenesis of melanoma cells. Additionally, the activation of mechanosensing transcription factor YAP was related to regulatory morphogenesis. Furthermore, expression levels of melanoma-involved genes were regulated by cyclic straining and, finally, accelerated DNA synthesis. The results of this study will provide supplementary information for the understanding of acral melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , DNA , Humanos , Mecanotransdução Celular/fisiologia , Melanoma/genética , Morfogênese , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
7.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36291007

RESUMO

Detection of foodborne pathogens at an early stage is very important to control food quality and improve medical response. Rapid detection of foodborne pathogens with high sensitivity and specificity is becoming an urgent requirement in health safety, medical diagnostics, environmental safety, and controlling food quality. Despite the existing bacterial detection methods being reliable and widely used, these methods are time-consuming, expensive, and cumbersome. Therefore, researchers are trying to find new methods by integrating spectroscopy techniques with artificial intelligence and advanced materials. Within this progress report, advances in the detection of foodborne pathogens using spectroscopy techniques are discussed. This paper presents an overview of the progress and application of spectroscopy techniques for the detection of foodborne pathogens, particularly new trends in the past few years, including surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, surface plasmon resonance, fluorescence spectroscopy, multiangle laser light scattering, and imaging analysis. In addition, the applications of artificial intelligence, microfluidics, smartphone-based techniques, and advanced materials related to spectroscopy for the detection of bacterial pathogens are discussed. Finally, we conclude and discuss possible research prospects in aspects of spectroscopy techniques for the identification and classification of pathogens.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Inteligência Artificial , Bactérias , Análise Espectral
8.
Cell Res ; 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36302855

RESUMO

Aberrant self-renewal of leukemia initiation cells (LICs) drives aggressive acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here, we report that UHRF1, an epigenetic regulator that recruits DNMT1 to methylate DNA, is highly expressed in AML and predicts poor prognosis. UHRF1 is required for myeloid leukemogenesis by maintaining self-renewal of LICs. Mechanistically, UHRF1 directly interacts with Sin3A-associated protein 30 (SAP30) through two critical amino acids, G572 and F573 in its SRA domain, to repress gene expression. Depletion of UHRF1 or SAP30 derepresses an important target gene, MXD4, which encodes a MYC antagonist, and leads to suppression of leukemogenesis. Further knockdown of MXD4 can rescue the leukemogenesis by activating the MYC pathway. Lastly, we identified a UHRF1 inhibitor, UF146, and demonstrated its significant therapeutic efficacy in the myeloid leukemia PDX model. Taken together, our study reveals the mechanisms for altered epigenetic programs in AML and provides a promising targeted therapeutic strategy against AML.

9.
Saudi Pharm J ; 30(8): 1079-1087, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164567

RESUMO

Background: Although heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a serious disease, only limited options are available for its treatment. Recent studies have analyzed the effects of phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors, especially PDE5 and PDE3 inhibitors, in patients with HFpEF, with mixed outcomes. Methods: We searched PUBMED and EMBASE databases up to August 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical trials that tested the effects of PDE inhibitors on patients with HFpEF were included as eligible studies. Indicators of left ventricular (LV) function, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), right ventricular (RV) function, exercise capacity, and quality of life (QOL) were used to evaluate the efficacy of PDE inhibitors in HFpEF. Results: Six RCTs that reported in 7 studies were included to evaluate the efficiency of PDE inhibitors on HFpEF patients. In the pooled analysis, PDE inhibitors showed insignificant changes in the ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow to annular velocities, left atrial volume index, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), peak oxygen uptake, 6-minute walking test distance, as well as Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score. However, substantial improvement was observed in the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE). Additionally, the regression analysis showed that PDE inhibitor administration time is a critical factor for the decrease in PASP. Conclusions: PDE inhibitors did not effectively improve LV function, PAP, exercise capacity, and QOL in patients with HFpEF. However, they improved RV function with significant difference, suggesting that PDE inhibitors might be a promising option for HFpEF patients with RV dysfunction.

10.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 955713, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061450

RESUMO

Herpes disease is caused by Herpes simplex virus (HSV). It has become one of the global health problems. This paper reports a method for HSV type testing. First specific primers sequence for HSV-1 and HSV-2 were selected, designed, and synthesized. Then, these amplification products were proved by sequencing and analysis. Lastly, we optimized the reaction system and PCR reaction program by orthogonal design and sensitivity testing. Results showed that the lowest concentration in HSV-type testing is about 6.67 × 106 copies/ml. Moreover, the specificity of detection was very high. So, this method has very great potentials for HSV type testing in clinical practice.

11.
BMC Biol ; 20(1): 214, 2022 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Odorant receptors (ORs) as odorant-gated ion channels play a crucial role in insect olfaction. They are formed by a heteromultimeric complex of the odorant receptor co-receptor (Orco) and a ligand-selective Or. Other types of olfactory receptor proteins, such as ionotropic receptors (IRs) and some gustatory receptors (GRs), are also involved in the olfactory system of insects. Orco as an obligatory subunit of ORs is highly conserved, providing an opportunity to systematically evaluate OR-dependent olfactory responses. RESULTS: Herein, we successfully established a homozygous mutant (Orco-/-) of Helicoverpa armigera, a notorious crop pest, using the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique. We then compared the olfactory response characteristics of wild type (WT) and Orco-/- adults and larvae. Orco-/- males were infertile, while Orco-/- females were fertile. The lifespan of Orco-/- females was longer than that of WT females. The expressions of most Ors, Irs, and other olfaction-related genes in adult antennae of Orco-/- moths were not obviously affected, but some of them were up- or down-regulated. In addition, there was no change in the neuroanatomical phenotype of Orco-/- moths at the level of the antennal lobe (including the macroglomerular complex region of the male). Using EAG and SSR techniques, we discovered that electrophysiological responses of Orco-/- moths to sex pheromone components and many host plant odorants were absent. The upwind flight behaviors toward sex pheromones of Orco-/- males were severely reduced in a wind tunnel experiment. The oviposition selectivity of Orco-/- females to the host plant (green pepper) has completely disappeared, and the chemotaxis toward green pepper was also lost in Orco-/- larvae. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that OR-mediated olfaction is essential for pheromone communication, oviposition selection, and larval chemotaxis of H. armigera, suggesting a strategy in which mate searching and host-seeking behaviors of moth pests could be disrupted by inhibiting or silencing Orco expression.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Receptores Odorantes , Atrativos Sexuais , Animais , Eletrólitos , Feminino , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos , Larva/genética , Larva/metabolismo , Ligantes , Masculino , Mariposas/genética , Mutagênese , Feromônios , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Olfato
12.
Front Neurol ; 13: 923310, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090859

RESUMO

Objective: Neuroimaging meta-analysis identified abnormal neural activity alterations in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but there was no consistency or heterogeneity analysis between different brain imaging processing strategies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine consistent changes of regional brain functions in T2DM via the indicators obtained by using different post-processing methods. Methods: Since the indicators obtained using varied post-processing methods reflect different neurophysiological and pathological characteristics, we further conducted a coordinate-based meta-analysis (CBMA) of the two categories of neuroimaging literature, which were grouped according to similar data processing methods: one group included regional homogeneity (ReHo), independent component analysis (ICA), and degree centrality (DC) studies, while the other group summarized the literature on amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and cerebral blood flow (CBF). Results: The final meta-analysis included 23 eligible trials with 27 data sets. Compared with the healthy control group, when neuroimaging studies were combined with ReHo, ICA, and DC measurements, the brain activity of the right Rolandic operculum, right supramarginal gyrus, and right superior temporal gyrus in T2DM patients decreased significantly. When neuroimaging studies were combined with ALFF and CBF measurements, there was no clear evidence of differences in the brain function between T2DM and HCs. Conclusion: T2DM patients have a series of spontaneous abnormal brain activities, mainly involving brain regions related to learning, memory, and emotion, which provide early biomarkers for clarifying the mechanism of cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric disorders in diabetes. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=247071, PROSPERO [CRD42021247071].

13.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 390, 2022 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether periodontitis is associated with dietary vitamin C intake, using data from The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014. METHODS: The study included 5145 adults (age ≥ 30 years) with periodontitis as a dichotomous variable and daily intake of vitamin C as a continuous variable. Multiple sets of covariates, such as age, sex, number of flossing, etc., were selected. Using EmpowerStats version 3.0, multivariate logistic regression analysis and hierarchical analysis were performed on the data, and curve fitting graphs were made. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences (P > 0.05) between the four dietary vitamin C intake groups (quartiles, Q1-Q4) and covariates (drinking alcohol and hypertension). The low VC intake group (Q1) was more prone to periodontitis than Q2, Q3, and Q4 (all OR < 1.00). A threshold nonlinear association was found between vitamin C (mg) log10 transformation and periodontitis in a generalized additive model (GAM) (P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The relationship between dietary vitamin C intake and the likelihood of periodontitis was non-linear. The smallest periodontitis index occurred when dietary vitamin C intake was 158.49 mg. Too little or too much vitamin C intake increases periodontitis.


Assuntos
Dieta , Periodontite , Adulto , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estado Nutricional , Periodontite/epidemiologia
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077444

RESUMO

The closely related species Helicoverpa armigera (H. armigera) and Helicoverpa assulta (H. assulta) have different host plant ranges and share two principal components of sex pheromones but with reversed ratios. The antennae are the main olfactory organ of insects and play a crucial role in host plant selection and mate seeking. However, the genetic basis for gene expression divergence in the antennae of the two species is unclear. We performed an allele-specific expression (ASE) analysis in the antennal transcriptomes of the two species and their F1 hybrids, examining the connection between gene expression divergence and phenotypic differences. The results show that the proportion of genes classified as all cis was higher than that of all trans in males and reversed in females. The contribution of regulatory patterns to gene expression divergence in males was less than that in females, which explained the functional differentiation of male and female antennae. Among the five groups of F1 hybrids, the fertile males from the cross of H. armigera female and H. assulta male had the lowest proportion of misexpressed genes, and the inferred regulatory patterns were more accurate. By using this group of F1 hybrids, we discovered that cis-related regulations play a crucial role in gene expression divergence of sex pheromone perception-related proteins. These results are helpful for understanding how specific changes in the gene expression of olfactory-related genes can contribute to rapid evolutionary changes in important olfactory traits in closely related moths.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Atrativos Sexuais , Animais , Antenas de Artrópodes/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Mariposas/genética , Mariposas/metabolismo , Atrativos Sexuais/genética , Atrativos Sexuais/metabolismo , Olfato/genética , Transcriptoma
15.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140069

RESUMO

The traditional infectious disease detection process is cumbersome, and there is only a single application scenario. In recent years, with the development of the medical industry and the impact of the epidemic situation, the number of infectious disease detection instruments based on nursing point detection has been increasing. Due to this trend, many detection instruments and massive detection data urgently need to be managed. In addition, the experiment failed due to the abnormal fluorescence curve generated by a human operator or sample impurities. Finally, the geographic information system has also played an active role in spreading and preventing infectious diseases; this paper designs a "detection-service-mobile" three-terminal system to realize the control of diagnostic instruments and the comprehensive management of data. Machine learning is used to classify the enlarged curve and calculate the cycle threshold of the positive curve; combined with a geographic information system, the detection results are marked on the mobile terminal map to realize the visual display of the positive results of nucleic acid amplification detection and the early warning of infectious diseases. In the research, applying this system to portable field pathogen detection is feasible and practical.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Ácidos Nucleicos , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Humanos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Software
16.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140149

RESUMO

As an important detection tool in biochemistry, fluorescence detection has wide applications. Quantitative detection can be achieved by detecting fluorescence signals excited by excitation light at a specific wavelength range. Therefore, the key to fluorescence detection is the stable control of the excitation light and the accurate acquisition of weak photoelectric signals. Moreover, to improve portability and instantaneity, devices are developing in miniaturization and integration. As the core of such devices, fluorescence detectors should also have these features. Under this circumstance, we designed a highly integrated and diminutive fluorescence detector and focused on its excitation light driving and photoelectric signal processing. A current-light dual negative feedback light-emitting diode (LED) driving circuit was proposed to obtain constant current and luminance. In addition, a silicon photodiode (PD) was used to receive and convert the fluorescence signal to an electric signal. Then, amplifying, filtering, and analog-to-digital (A/D) converting were applied to make the detection of weak fluorescence signals possible. The test results showed that the designed circuit has wonderful performance, and the detector shows good linearity (R2 = 0.9967) and sensitivity (LOD = 0.077 nM) in the detection of fluorescein sodium solution. Finally, a real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) of Legionella pneumophila was carried out on a homemade platform equipped with this detector, indicating that the detector met the requirements of real-time PCR detection.


Assuntos
Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Silício , Retroalimentação , Fluoresceína , Luz
17.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 992714, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36158200

RESUMO

The ETO-family transcriptional corepressors, including ETO, ETO2, and MTGR1, are all involved in leukemia-causing chromosomal translocations. In every case, an ETO-family corepressor acquires a DNA-binding domain (DBD) to form a typical transcription factor-the DBD binds to DNA, while the ETO moiety manifests transcriptional activity. A directly comparative study of these "homologous" fusion transcription factors may clarify their similarities and differences in regulating transcription and leukemogenesis. Here, we performed a side-by-side comparison between AML1-ETO and ETO2-GLIS2, the most common fusion proteins in M2-and M7-subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia, respectively, by inducible expression of them in U937 leukemia cells. We found that, although AML1-ETO and ETO2-GLIS2 can use their own DBDs to bind DNA, they share a large proportion of genome-wide binding regions dependent on other cooperative transcription factors, including the ETS-, bZIP- and bHLH-family proteins. AML1-ETO acts as either transcriptional repressor or activator, whereas ETO2-GLIS2 mainly acts as activator. The repressor-versus-activator functions of AML1-ETO might be determined by the abundance of cooperative transcription factors/cofactors on the target genes. Importantly, AML1-ETO and ETO2-GLIS2 differentially regulate key transcription factors in myeloid differentiation including PU.1 and C/EBPß. Consequently, AML1-ETO inhibits, but ETO2-GLIS2 facilitates, myeloid differentiation of U937 cells. This function of ETO2-GLIS2 is reminiscent of a similar effect of MLL-AF9 as previously reported. Taken together, this directly comparative study between AML1-ETO and ETO2-GLIS2 in the same cellular context provides insights into context-dependent transcription regulatory mechanisms that may underlie how these seemingly "homologous" fusion transcription factors exert distinct functions to drive different subtypes of leukemia.

18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 996456, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36172017

RESUMO

A portable nucleic acid detection (PNAD) system based on real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) has been developed for point-of-care testing (POCT) of infectious disease pathogens. In order to achieve "sample-in, result-out" while keeping the system compact, the hardware system integrates optical, thermal and motion control modules in a limited space for nucleic acid extraction, purification, amplification and detection. Among these hardware modules, the fluorescence module is one of the most important modules, because its performance directly affects the accuracy and sensitivity of the testing results. In this paper, a miniaturized, high-sensitivity and integrated dual-channel fluorescence module have been proposed for the homemade PNAD system. Based on the principle of confocal optical path, two group of excitation-emission optical paths of different wavelengths are integrated in a small space. In terms of circuitry, a current-light dual negative feedback light emitting diode (LED) drive circuit is applied to improve the stability of the excited light source. All optical and electronic components are integrated in a metal box of 55 mm × 45 mm × 15 mm, that helps miniaturize the detection system. Two different modules have been assembled to fit various fluorescent dyes or probes with the set of excitation and emission as follow: module 1#: 470 nm/525 nm, 570 nm/630 nm; module 2#: 520 nm/570 nm, 630 nm/690 nm. Finally, hepatitis B virus (HBV) concentration gradient detection and multiplex detection of different gene targets of SARS-CoV-2 are carried out on the PNAD system equipped with these two fluorescence modules for evaluating their performances. Compared with the commercial real-time PCR instrument, our fluorescence module has good stability and detection sensitivity.

19.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 343, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence shows that cardiovascular injuries and events in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) should be considered. The current study was conducted to develop an early prediction model for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during hospitalizations of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter, observational study. Hospitalized COVID-19 patients from Wuhan city, Hubei Province and Sichuan Province, China, between January 14 and March 9, 2020, were randomly divided into a training set (70% of patients) and a testing set (30%). All baseline data were recorded at admission or within 24 h after admission to hospitals. The primary outcome was MACE during hospitalization, including nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke and cardiovascular death. The risk factors were selected by LASSO regression and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The nomogram was assessed by calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Ultimately, 1206 adult COVID-19 patients were included. In the training set, 48 (5.7%) patients eventually developed MACE. Six factors associated with MACE were included in the nomogram: age, PaO2/FiO2 under 300, unconsciousness, lymphocyte counts, neutrophil counts and blood urea nitrogen. The C indices were 0.93 (95% CI 0.90, 0.97) in the training set and 0.81 (95% CI 0.70, 0.93) in the testing set. The calibration curve and DCA demonstrated the good performance of the nomogram. CONCLUSIONS: We developed and validated a nomogram to predict the development of MACE in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. More prospective multicenter studies are needed to confirm our results.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infarto do Miocárdio , Adulto , Humanos , Nomogramas , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 2'-Fucosyllactose, a representative oligosaccharide in human milk, is an emerging and promising food and pharmaceutical ingredient due to its powerful health benefits, such as participating in immune regulation, regulation of intestinal flora, etc. To enable economically viable production of 2'-fucosyllactose, different biosynthesis strategies using precursors and pathway enzymes have been developed. The α-1,2-fucosyltransferases are an essential part involved in these strategies, but their strict substrate selectivity and unsatisfactory substrate tolerance are one of the key roadblocks limiting biosynthesis. RESULTS: To tackle this issue, a semi-rational manipulation combining computer-aided designing and screening with biochemical experiments were adopted. The mutant had a 100-fold increase in catalytic efficiency compared to the wild-type. The highest 2'-fucosyllactose yield was up to 0.65 mol mol-1 lactose with a productivity of 2.56 g mL-1  h-1 performed by enzymatic catalysis in vitro. Further analysis revealed that the interactions between the mutant and substrates were reduced. The crucial contributions of wild-type and mutant to substrate recognition ability were closely related to their distinct phylotypes in terms of amino acid preference. CONCLUSION: It is envisioned that the engineered α-1,2-fucosyltransferase could be harnessed to relieve constraints imposed on the bioproduction of 2'-fucosyllactose and lay a theoretical foundation for elucidating the substrate recognition mechanisms of fucosyltransferases. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...