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1.
J Biomed Sci ; 28(1): 4, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have caught increasing attentions and interests for their important involvement in cancer initiation and progression. This study aims to investigate the biological functions of circNOL10 and its potential molecular mechanisms in breast cancer (BC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: qRT-PCR and western blot assays were performed to measure the expression of related genes. CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytomerty and transwell assays were used to assess cell proliferation, cell cycle, migration and invasion. RNA pull-down, luciferase reporter and RIP assays were applied to address the potential regulatory mechanism of circNOL10. RESULTS: CircNOL10 was down-regulated in BC tissues and cells. Low expression of circNOL10 was associated with larger tumor size, advanced TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and unfavorable prognosis. Overexpression of circNOL10 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT in vitro and slowed xenograft tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, circNOL10 could act as a molecular sponge for miR-767-5p, leading to the up-regulation of suppressors of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) and inactivation of JAK2/STAT5 pathway. Moreover, circNOL10-mediated suppression of malignant phenotypes was attenuated by miR-767-5p. Similar to circNOL10, enforced expression of SOCS2 also resulted in the suppression of cell proliferation and metastasis. Furthermore, knockdown of SOCS2 reversed the tumor-suppressive effect induced by circNOL10. CONCLUSIONS: CircNOL10 repressed BC development via inactivation of JAK2/STAT5 signaling by regulating miR-767-5p/SOCS2 axis. Our findings offer the possibility of exploiting circNOL10 as a therapeutic and prognostic target for BC patients.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1578, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452439

RESUMO

This paper describes a recent landslide event, which occurred at Liucheng village in Tianquan County, Sichuan Province, China, on July 15, 2018. The Laochang landslide described in this research is an outstanding and valuable reference for understanding the characteristics of such kind of landslides that are geologically similar to the landslide. The deformation characteristics of the landslide are investigated based on field investigations, drilled boreholes, and exploratory trenches. The 225 residents of 64 households living on the flat platform were threatened by the landslide. Therefore, to guarantee the safety of human life and property becomes the primary emergency task. The anti-sliding piles were taken to stabilize the landslide and mitigate impacts caused by the landslide. Based on the analysis of the monitoring data, the effectiveness of anti-sliding piles is evaluated. The results indicate that the anti-sliding piles are effective in increasing the stability of the landslide, and this work can provide a reference for similar slope engineering projects.

3.
JAMA ; 325(3): 234-243, 2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464335

RESUMO

Importance: For patients with large vessel occlusion strokes, it is unknown whether endovascular treatment alone compared with intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular treatment (standard treatment) can achieve similar functional outcomes. Objective: To investigate whether endovascular thrombectomy alone is noninferior to intravenous alteplase followed by endovascular thrombectomy for achieving functional independence at 90 days among patients with large vessel occlusion stroke. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial conducted at 33 stroke centers in China. Patients (n = 234) were 18 years or older with proximal anterior circulation intracranial occlusion strokes within 4.5 hours from symptoms onset and eligible for intravenous thrombolysis. Enrollment took place from May 20, 2018, to May 2, 2020. Patients were enrolled and followed up for 90 days (final follow-up was July 22, 2020). Interventions: A total of 116 patients were randomized to the endovascular thrombectomy alone group and 118 patients to combined intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular thrombectomy group. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was the proportion of patients achieving functional independence at 90 days (defined as score 0-2 on the modified Rankin Scale; range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The noninferiority margin was -10%. Safety outcomes included the incidence of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage within 48 hours and 90-day mortality. Results: The trial was stopped early because of efficacy when 234 of a planned 970 patients had undergone randomization. All 234 patients who were randomized (mean age, 68 years; 102 women [43.6%]) completed the trial. At the 90-day follow-up, 63 patients (54.3%) in the endovascular thrombectomy alone group vs 55 (46.6%) in the combined treatment group achieved functional independence at the 90-day follow-up (difference, 7.7%, 1-sided 97.5% CI, -5.1% to ∞)P for noninferiority = .003). No significant between-group differences were detected in symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (6.1% vs 6.8%; difference, -0.8%; 95% CI, -7.1% to 5.6%) and 90-day mortality (17.2% vs 17.8%; difference, -0.5%; 95% CI, -10.3% to 9.2%). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ischemic stroke due to proximal anterior circulation occlusion within 4.5 hours from onset, endovascular treatment alone, compared with intravenous alteplase plus endovascular treatment, met the prespecified statistical threshold for noninferiority for the outcome of 90-day functional independence. These findings should be interpreted in the context of the clinical acceptability of the selected noninferiority threshold. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-IOR-17013568.

4.
J Environ Manage ; 282: 111976, 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465713

RESUMO

As Asia is the most populous continent in the world, the contradiction between water supply and demand is increasing. Wastewater treatment and reclaimed water use are important means to solve the contradiction between supply and demand and realize the sustainability of the water management system. Based on the data collected from 48 typical countries and regions in Asia, this study evaluates the possible influential factors on wastewater treatment and reclaimed water use such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) level, water resource availability, water withdrawn and water stress. It is identified that per capita GDP and water stress are important factors affecting wastewater treatment and reclaimed water use. Although reclaimed water use in most Asian countries is still at the early stage, the development of wastewater treatment is conducive to the development of reclaimed water. The results of this study are believed to be useful in improving water management and sustainability levels in Asian countries.

5.
Behav Pharmacol ; Publish Ahead of Print2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417335

RESUMO

We have reported that SMIP004, an inhibitor of S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2), displays antidepressant-like activities in stress-naïve and chronically stressed mice. Here, we investigated the antidepressant-like effect of C1, another inhibitor of Skp2, in mouse models following acute or chronic drug administration at different doses and treatment times by using the tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST), and social interaction test (SIT). The time- and dose-dependent results showed that the antidepressant-like effect of C1 occurred 8 days after the drug treatment, and C1 produced antidepressant-like activities at the dose of 5 and 10 but not 1 mg/kg in male or female mice. C1 administration (5 mg/kg) also induced antidepressant-like effects in stress-naïve mice in a three-times administration mode within 24 h (24, 5, and 1 h before the test) but not in an acute administration mode (1 h before the test). The C1 and fluoxetine co-administration produced additive effect on depression-like behaviors in stress-naïve mice. The antidepressant-like effect of C1 was not associated with the change in locomotor activity, as no increased locomotor activity was observed in different treatment modes. Furthermore, the long-term C1 treatment (5 mg/kg) was found to ameliorate the depression-like behaviors in chronic social defeat stress-exposed mice, suggesting that C1 can produce antidepressant-like actions in stress conditions. Since C1 is a specific inhibitor of Skp2, our results demonstrate that inhibition of Skp2 might be a potential strategy for the treatment of depression, and Skp2 may be potential target for the development of novel antidepressants.

6.
Cytotherapy ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461863

RESUMO

Autologous, antigen-specific, tolerogenic dendritic cells (tolDCs) are presently assessed to reverse and possibly cure autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1D). Good Manufacturing Practice production and clinical implementation of such cell therapies critically depend on their stability and reproducible production from healthy donors and, more importantly, patient-derived monocytes. Here the authors demonstrate that tolDCs (modulated using 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and dexamethasone) displayed similar features, including protein, transcriptome and epigenome profiles, between two international clinical centers and between T1D and healthy donors, validating reproducible production. In addition, neither phenotype nor function of tolDCs was affected by repeated stimulation with inflammatory stimuli, underscoring their stability as semi-mature DCs. Furthermore, tolDCs exhibited differential DNA methylation profiles compared with inflammatory mature DCs (mDCs), and this was already largely established prior to maturation, indicating that tolDCs are locked into an immature state. Finally, approximately 80% of differentially expressed known T1D risk genes displayed a corresponding differential DNA methylome in tolDCs versus mDCs and metabolic and immune pathway genes were also differentially methylated and expressed. In summary, tolDCs are reproducible and stable clinical cell products unaffected by the T1D status of donors. The observed stable, semi-mature phenotype and function of tolDCs are exemplified by epigenetic modifications representative of immature-stage cells. Together, the authors' data provide a strong basis for the production and clinical implementation of tolDCs in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as T1D.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393570

RESUMO

A bottom-up approach was developed to prepare TEMPO radical decorated hollow aromatic frameworks (HPAF-TEMPO) by using TEMPO radical functionalized monomers and SiO2 nanospheres as templates. The accessible inner layer, high density of TEMPO sites, and hybrid micro-/mesopores of the HPAF-TEMPO enable the aerobic oxidation of a broad range of alcohols with high efficiency and excellent selectivity.

8.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 30, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398021

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major complication of diabetes. Expression of members of the microRNA (miRNA) miR-379 cluster is increased in DKD. miR-379, the most upstream 5'-miRNA in the cluster, functions in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by targeting EDEM3. However, the in vivo functions of miR-379 remain unclear. We created miR-379 knockout (KO) mice using CRISPR-Cas9 nickase and dual guide RNA technique and characterized their phenotype in diabetes. We screened for miR-379 targets in renal mesangial cells from WT vs. miR-379KO mice using AGO2-immunopreciptation and CLASH (cross-linking, ligation, sequencing hybrids) and identified the redox protein thioredoxin and mitochondrial fission-1 protein. miR-379KO mice were protected from features of DKD as well as body weight loss associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, ER- and oxidative stress. These results reveal a role for miR-379 in DKD and metabolic processes via reducing adaptive mitophagy. Strategies targeting miR-379 could offer therapeutic options for DKD.

9.
Behav Pharmacol ; 32(1): 62-72, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416256

RESUMO

We have reported that SMIP004, an inhibitor of S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2), displays antidepressant-like activities in stress-naïve and chronically stressed mice. Here, we investigated the antidepressant-like effect of C1, another inhibitor of Skp2, in mouse models following acute or chronic drug administration at different doses and treatment times by using the tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST), and social interaction test (SIT). The time- and dose-dependent results showed that the antidepressant-like effect of C1 occurred 8 days after the drug treatment, and C1 produced antidepressant-like activities at the dose of 5 and 10 but not 1 mg/kg in male or female mice. C1 administration (5 mg/kg) also induced antidepressant-like effects in stress-naïve mice in a three-times administration mode within 24 h (24, 5, and 1 h before the test) but not in an acute administration mode (1 h before the test). The C1 and fluoxetine co-administration produced additive effect on depression-like behaviors in stress-naïve mice. The antidepressant-like effect of C1 was not associated with the change in locomotor activity, as no increased locomotor activity was observed in different treatment modes. Furthermore, the long-term C1 treatment (5 mg/kg) was found to ameliorate the depression-like behaviors in chronic social defeat stress-exposed mice, suggesting that C1 can produce antidepressant-like actions in stress conditions. Since C1 is a specific inhibitor of Skp2, our results demonstrate that inhibition of Skp2 might be a potential strategy for the treatment of depression, and Skp2 may be potential target for the development of novel antidepressants.

10.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(1): e24619, 2021 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 outbreak has increased challenges associated with health management, especially cancer management. In an effort to provide continuous pharmaceutical care to cancer patients, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) implemented a remote pharmacy service platform based on its already existing web-based hospital app known as Cloud SYSUCC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics, acceptance, and initial impact of the Cloud SYSUCC app during a COVID-19 outbreak in a tertiary cancer hospital in China. METHODS: The total number of online prescriptions and detailed information on the service were obtained during the first 6 months after the remote service platform was successfully set up. The patients' gender, age, residence, primary diagnosis, drug classification, weekly number of prescriptions, and prescribed drugs were analyzed. In addition, a follow-up telephonic survey was conducted to evaluate patients' satisfaction in using the remote prescription service. RESULTS: A total of 1718 prescriptions, including 2022 drugs for 1212 patients, were delivered to 24 provinces and municipalities directly under the Central Government of China between February 12, 2020, and August 11, 2020. The majority of patients were female (841/1212, 69.39%), and 90.18% (1093/1212) of them were aged 31-70 years old. The top 3 primary diagnoses for which remote medical prescriptions were made included breast cancer (599/1212, 49.42%), liver cancer (249/1212, 20.54%), and thyroid cancer (125/1212, 10.31%). Of the 1718 prescriptions delivered, 1435 (83.5%) were sent to Guangdong Province and 283 (16.5%) were sent to other provinces in China. Of the 2022 drugs delivered, 1012 (50.05%) were hormonal drugs. The general trend in the use of the remote prescription service declined since the 10th week. A follow-up telephonic survey found that 88% (88/100) of the patients were very satisfied, and 12% (12/100) of the patients were somewhat satisfied with the remote pharmacy service platform. CONCLUSIONS: The remote pharmacy platform Cloud SYSUCC is efficient and convenient for providing continuous pharmaceutical care to patients with cancer during the COVID-19 crisis. The widespread use of this platform can help to reduce person-to-person transmission as well as infection risk for these patients. Further efforts are needed to improve the quality and acceptance of the Cloud SYSUCC platform, as well as to regulate and standardize the management of this novel service.

11.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(1): 451, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185843

RESUMO

The original version of this article unfortunately has errors and should be corrected.

12.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 893: 173803, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359648

RESUMO

Diallyl disulfide (DADS), an oil-soluble sulfur compound that is responsible for the biological effects of garlic, displays numerous biological activities, among which its anti-cancer activities are the most famous ones. In recent years, the pharmacological effects of DADS other than its anti-carcinogenic activities have attracted numerous attentions. For example, it has been reported that DADS can prevent the microglia-mediated neuroinflammatory response and depression-like behaviors in mice. In the cardiovascular system, DADS administration was found to ameliorate the isoproterenol- or streptozotocin-induced cardiac dysfunction via the activation of the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (Akt) signaling. DADS administration can also produce neuroprotective effects in animal models of Alzheimer's disease and protect the heart, endothelium, liver, lung, and kidney against cellular or tissue damages induced by various toxic factors, such as the oxidized-low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), ethanol, acetaminophen, Cis-Diammine Dichloroplatinum (CisPt), and gentamicin. The major mechanisms of action of DADS in disease prevention and/or treatment include inhibition of inflammation, oxidative stress, and cellular apoptosis. Mechanisms, including the activation of Akt, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), protein kinase A (PKA), and cyclic adenosine monophosphate-response element binding protein (CREB) and the inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs), can also mediate the cellular protective effects of DADS in different tissues and organs. In this review, we summarize and discuss the pharmacological effects of DADS other than its anti-carcinogenic activities, aiming to reveal more possibilities for DADS in disease prevention and/or treatment.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(23)2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287387

RESUMO

Ti-5Al-4Sn-2Zr-1Mo-0.25Si-1Nb (TA32) titanium alloy is a kind of near α high temperature titanium alloy with great application prospects in aero-engine afterburners and cruise missiles. However, there are still few studies on the microstructure and mechanical properties of TA32 specimens produced by selective laser melting (SLM) technology. In this study, TA32 specimens with high strength (tensile strength of 1267 MPa) and moderate ductility (elongation after fracture of 8%) were obtained by selective laser melting. The effect of laser power on the microstructure and mechanical behavior was studied and the results demonstrated that the average grain size increases with increasing laser power from 200 W to 400 W. Micro-zone composition analysis was carried out by energy dispersion spectrum (EDS), showing that the Al concentration inner grains is higher than that near grain boundaries. Fracture analysis results demonstrated that the fracture mode of SLM TA32 specimens was cleavage fracture. The tensile strength of the specimens built with a laser power of 250 W at 500 °C, 550 °C and 600 °C was measured as 869 MPa, 819 MPa and 712 MPa, respectively.

14.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6418, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339827

RESUMO

Cellular RNA polymerases (RNAPs) can become trapped on DNA or RNA, threatening genome stability and limiting free enzyme pools, but how RNAP recycling into active states is achieved remains elusive. In Bacillus subtilis, the RNAP δ subunit and NTPase HelD have been implicated in RNAP recycling. We structurally analyzed Bacillus subtilis RNAP-δ-HelD complexes. HelD has two long arms: a Gre cleavage factor-like coiled-coil inserts deep into the RNAP secondary channel, dismantling the active site and displacing RNA, while a unique helical protrusion inserts into the main channel, prying the ß and ß' subunits apart and, aided by δ, dislodging DNA. RNAP is recycled when, after releasing trapped nucleic acids, HelD dissociates from the enzyme in an ATP-dependent manner. HelD abundance during slow growth and a dimeric (RNAP-δ-HelD)2 structure that resembles hibernating eukaryotic RNAP I suggest that HelD might also modulate active enzyme pools in response to cellular cues.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/metabolismo , Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Domínio Catalítico , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/química , Modelos Moleculares , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/química , Multimerização Proteica , Subunidades Proteicas/química
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5306509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33344640

RESUMO

Background: As the important components in polycomb repressive complexes 1 (PRC1) and heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), Chromobox (CBX) family members are involved in epigenetic regulatory function, transcriptional repression, and other cellular metabolisms. Increasing studies have indicated significant associations between CBX and tumorigenesis, which is a progression in different types of cancers. However, the information about the roles of each CBX in gastric cancer is extremely limited. Methods: We explored CBX mRNA expression, corrections with clinicopathological parameters, protein expression, prognostic values, enrichment analysis with several databases including Oncomine, Human Protein Atlas, UALCAN, Kaplan-Meier plotter, cBioPortal, GeneMANIA, and Enrichr. Results: In our study, comparing to the normal tissues, higher mRNA expression of CBX1/2/3/4/5/8 and lower mRNA expression of CBX7 were found in GC tissues while upregulations of CBX1/2/3/4/5/8 and downregulations of CBX7 were indicated to be significantly correlated to the nodal metastasis status and individual cancer stages in GC patients. As for protein level, the expression of CBX2/3/4/5/6 was higher and the expression of CBX7 was lower in the GC tissues than those in the normal. What is more, higher mRNA expression of CBX1/5/6/8 and lower mRNA expression of CBX7 were markedly correlated to poor outcomes of OS and FP in GC patients. Besides, high mutation rate of CBXs (42%) was observed in GC patients. Conclusions: We suggest that CBX5/7 may serve as potential therapeutic targets for GC while CBX1/8 may serve as potential prognostic indicators for GC.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 144133, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279188

RESUMO

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) systems are promising technologies for wastewater treatment and renewable energy generation simultaneously. Performance of a double-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) to treat synthetic swine wastewater containing sulfonamide antibiotics (SMs) was evaluated in this study. The MFC was operated in continuous modes at different conditions. Results indicated that the current was successfully generated during the operation. The performance of MFC under the sequential anode-cathode operating mode is better than that under the single continuous running mode. Specifically, higher removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (>90%) was achieved under the sequential anode-cathode operating mode in comparison with that in the single continuous mode (>80%). Nutrients were also be removed in the MFC's cathode chamber with the maximum removal efficiency of 66.6 ± 1.4% for NH4+-N and 32.1 ± 2.8% for PO43--P. Meanwhile, SMs were partly removed in the sequential anode-cathode operating with the value in a range of 49.4%-59.4% for sulfamethoxazole, 16.8%-19.5% for sulfamethazine and 14.0%-16.3% for sulfadiazine, respectively. SMs' inhibition to remove other pollutants in both electrodes of MFC was observed after SMs exposure, suggesting that SMs exert toxic effects on the microorganisms. A positive correlation was found between the higher NH4+-N concentration used in this study and the removal efficiency of SMs in the cathode chamber. In short, although the continuous flow MFC is feasible for treating swine wastewater containing antibiotics, its removal efficiency of antibiotics requires to be further improved.

17.
J Psychopharmacol ; : 269881120972347, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Feedback evaluation of actions and error response detection are critical for optimizing behavioral adaptation. Oxytocin can facilitate learning following social feedback but whether its effects vary as a function of feedback valence remains unclear. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate whether oxytocin would influence responses to positive and negative feedback differentially or equivalently. METHODS: The present study employed a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled within-subject design to investigate whether intranasal oxytocin (24 IU) influenced behavioral and evoked electrophysiological potential responses to positive or negative feedback in a probabilistic learning task. RESULTS: Results showed that oxytocin facilitated learning and this effect was maintained in the absence of feedback. Using novel stimulus pairings, we found that oxytocin abolished bias towards learning more from negative feedback under placebo by increasing accuracy for positively reinforced stimuli. Oxytocin also decreased the feedback-related negativity difference (negative minus positive feedback) during learning, further suggesting that it rendered the evaluation of positive and negative feedback more equivalent. Additionally, post-learning oxytocin attenuated error-related negativity amplitudes but increased the late error positivity, suggesting that it may lower conflict detection between actual errors and expected correct responses at an early stage of processing but at a later stage increase error awareness and motivation for avoiding them. CONCLUSIONS: Oxytocin facilitates learning and subsequent performance by rendering the impact of positive relative to negative feedback more equivalent and also by reducing conflict detection and increasing error awareness, which may be beneficial for behavioral adaption.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143641, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261863

RESUMO

Disinfection of secondary effluents is vital to provide a sustainable aquatic environment, minimize microbial risks and guarantee public and environmental safety. This study investigated the effectiveness of six treatment trains including single and combined disinfection processes (i.e., ozone alone, ultraviolet (UV) irradiation alone, chlorine alone, sequential ozone-UV, sequential ozone-chlorine and sequential ozone-UV-chlorine) on bacterial inactivation, as well as bulk water quality parameters such as color, turbidity, absorbance at 254 nm (UV254), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and fluorescence based on samples collected from an actual water reclamation plant (WRP). For the single disinfection processes, when the ozone, UV and chlorine doses reached 5 mg/L, 15 mJ/cm2 and 4 mg/L, respectively, the log removal of Escherichia coli (E. coli) reached 5 log. A trailing phenomenon was observed with further increases in the disinfectant dosage. Under the combined treatment scenarios, ozone pretreatment resulted in substantial removal of color, turbidity, UV254, fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (FEEM) and chlorine consuming organics, thus enhancing the efficiency of subsequent UV irradiation or chlorine treatments. In the sequential ozone-UV-chlorine experiments, E. coli inactivation reached 7 log with ozone, UV and available chlorine of 3 mg/L, 5 or 10 mJ/cm2 and 2.5 mg/L, respectively. On the basis of the results from the actual WRP, the estimated operating cost per unit for the disinfection systems is 0.065 CNY/t, which is economical for long-term operation.

19.
Life Sci ; 267: 118942, 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359247

RESUMO

AIMS: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) induces serious neuroinflammation and damage of blood-brain barrier. We aim to investigate the role of brown fat enriched lncRNA 1 (Blnc1) in the development of ICH in mice. METHODS: An ICH model was established with autologous blood injection in C57BL/6 mice, and Blnc1 siRNA was injected intracranially. Blnc1 levels were detected and brain injury was evaluated at day 3. Primary brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) were isolated from new born mice and gain- and loss-of-function experiments were performed to investigate the role of Blnc1. Then, ICH cell model was established by treating BMVECs with oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) plus hemin, and Blnc1 siRNA was transfected into the cells. BMVEC functions, including viability, invasion, apoptosis, permeability and secretion of inflammatory cytokines were analyzed. KEY FINDINGS: Blnc1 was upregulated in perihematomal edema, hematoma and microvessel in the brain of ICH mice. Blnc1 negatively regulated viability and migration, and facilitated apoptosis, permeability and inflammatory cytokine secretion in BMVECs. Silencing Blnc1 restrained OGD plus hemin-caused reduction of BMVEC viability and migration and the induction of apoptosis, permeability and inflammation response, and suppressed PPAR-γ/SIRT6-mediated FoxO3 activation, which could be reversed by T0070907 (PPAR-γ inhibitor). Downregulation of Blnc1 ameliorated ICH-induced nerve injury, brain edema, blood brain barrier destruction, inflammation response and hematoma. Moreover, Blnc1 levels were positively correlated with PPAR-γ levels, and Blnc1 interference suppressed PPAR-γ/SIRT6-mediated activation of FoxO3 signaling in ICH mice. SIGNIFICANCE: Silencing Blnc1 alleviated nerve injury and inflammatory response caused by ICH through activating PPAR-γ/SIRT6/FoxO3 pathway.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 267: 115591, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254646

RESUMO

Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) have been widely used in indoor applications and cause severe sicknesses. In this study, we developed an ionizer-assisted filtration method with an external electrostatic field to efficiently remove gaseous DiBP (Diisobutyl phthalate) and DnBP (Dibutyl phthalate). We used low-pressure drop polyurethane (PU) foams as substrate filters, and loaded fine activated carbon powder into PU foams as PU-C foams. The pressure drop of new filters ranged from 5.28 Pa to 14.3 Pa at the face velocity of 1 m/s. We investigated the influence of filter materials and electrostatic charging on the single-pass filtration efficiency of PAEs and net ozone production. The filtration efficiency of 30 ppi (pores per inch) filter increased from 15.4% (PU) to 29.3% (PU-C) for DiBP. Only pollutant pre-charging cannot enhance the filtration efficiency of PAEs. It may be because negative ions accumulate on the filter surface and cause electrostatic repulsive forces between the charged gaseous PAEs and filters, which lowers the electrostatic filtration efficiency. When charging the pollutants at -8.0 kV and the filter at +10.0 kV simultaneously, the filtration efficiency of 30 ppi PU-C filter increased from 29.3% to 45.5% for DiBP. However, the simultaneous charging on pollutants and filters did not improve the efficiency of 40 ppi PU-C filter. The reason may be that the specific resistance of 40 ppi PU-C filter was 6 times larger than that of 30 ppi PU-C filter, which leads to more negative ions accumulating on the filter surface. The tendency for the removal of DnBP is similar. The net ozone productions of all experiments were less than 0.38 mg/h. Overall, this study developed an ionizer-assisted filtration method with an external electrostatic field, which is based on inexpensive, low pressure drop coarse filters, and is efficient for the active control of gaseous PAEs.

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