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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535172

RESUMO

Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), the formation of an alternative microvascular circulation independent of VEGF-driven angiogenesis, is reluctant to anti-angiogenesis therapy for glioma patients. However, treatments targeting VM are lacking due to the poor understanding of the molecular mechanism involved in VM formation. By analysing the TCGA database, microRNA-29a-3p (miR-29a-3p) was found to be highly expressed in normal brain tissue compared with glioma. An in vitro study revealed an inhibitory role for miR-29a-3p in glioma cell migration and VM formation, and further study confirmed that ROBO1 is a direct target of miR-29a-3p. Based on this, we engineered human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to produce miR-29a-3p-overexpressing exosomes. Treatment with these exosomes attenuated migration and VM formation in glioma cells. Moreover, the anti-glioma role of miR-29a-3p and miR-29a-3p-overexpressing exosomes were confirmed in vivo. Overall, the present study demonstrates that MSCs can be used to produce miR-29a-3p-overexpressing exosomes, which have great potential for anti-VM therapy and may act as supplements to anti-angiogenetic therapy in the clinic.

2.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 20, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are considered the initial cells of gliomas, contributing to therapeutic resistance. Patient-derived GSCs well recapitulate the heterogeneity of their parent glioma tissues, which can be classified into different subtypes. Likewise, previous works identified GSCs as two distinct subtypes, mesenchymal (MES) and proneural (PN) subtypes, and with general recognition, the MES subtype is considered a more malignant phenotype characterized by high invasion and radioresistance. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms involved in the MES phenotype is necessary for glioblastoma treatment. METHODS: Data for bioinformatic analysis were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. An antibody was used to block cell surface glucose-regulated protein 78 (csGRP78). Apoptosis and cell cycle analyses were performed to evaluate radiation damage. Immunofluorescence staining was applied to assess protein expression and distribution. Mass spectrometry combined with bioinformatic analysis was used to screen downstream molecules. Intracranial GSC-derived xenografts were established for in vivo experiments. RESULTS: Total GRP78 expression was associated with MES GSC stemness, and csGRP78 was highly expressed in MES GSCs. Targeting csGRP78 suppressed the self-renewal and radioresistance of MES GSCs in vitro and in vivo, accompanied by downregulation of the STAT3, NF-κB and C/EBPß pathways. Mass spectrometry revealed the potential downstream ß-site APP-cleaving enzyme 2 (BACE2), which was regulated by csGRP78 via lysosomal degradation. Knockdown of BACE2 inactivated NF-κB and C/EBPß and significantly suppressed the tumorigenesis and radioresistance of MES GSCs in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Cell surface GRP78 was preferentially expressed in MES GSCs and played a pivotal role in MES phenotype maintenance. Thus, blocking csGRP78 in MES GSCs with a high-specificity antibody might be a promising novel therapeutic strategy.

3.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 1533033820979669, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue tumor in children. Rhabdomyosarcoma commonly results in pain and bleeding caused by tumor compression and is prone to early metastasis and recurrence, which can seriously affect the therapeutic outcomes and long-term prognosis. Up to 37.7% of rhabdomyosarcomas may metastasize. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms underlying rhabdomyosarcoma must be explored to identify an effective target for its early diagnosis and specific treatment. METHODS: A dataset of 18 rhabdomyosarcoma tissue samples and 6 healthy skeletal muscle samples was downloaded. Differentially expressed genes between rhabdomyosarcoma and healthy tissue samples were identified by GEO2R. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and gene ontology pathway enrichment analyses were performed. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed, and hub genes were identified. Expression and survival analyses of hub genes were performed. Additionally, 30 patients with rhabdomyosarcoma were recruited, and overall survival information and samples were collected. Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays were performed to verify the expression of MYBPC2 and MYL1 in rhabdomyosarcoma tumor tissues. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to explore overall survival based on our clinical data. RESULTS: In total, 164 genes were up-regulated and 394 were down-regulated in rhabdomyosarcoma tumor tissues. Gene ontology analysis revealed that variations were predominantly enriched in the cell cycle, muscle contraction, muscle system processes, cytoskeleton, nucleotide binding, and cytoskeletal protein binding. The protein-protein interaction network revealed 3274 edges, and 441 nodes were constructed. Ten hub genes were identified; of these, MYBPC2 and MYL1 were significantly up-regulated in rhabdomyosarcoma. Compared with the healthy group, patients with rhabdomyosarcoma exhibiting high expression of MYBPC2 and MYL1 exhibited significantly worse overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: We found differentially expressed genes between rhabdomyosarcoma and healthy tissue samples. MYBPC2 and MYL1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of rhabdomyosarcoma and therefore deserve further exploration.

4.
Pain ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433144

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Adults are more likely to suffer from chronic pain than minors, and its underlying mechanism remains unclear. SIRT1 as important aging-related protein with function of lifespan extension, whether SIRT1 plays a role in the different pain vulnerability of adult and juvenile remains unclear. Here, we found that the expression level of SIRT1 in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) was related to the pain vulnerability. Following nerve injury, the expression of SIRT1 in DRG was decreased in adult rodents while increased in juvenile rodents. Differential manipulation of SIRT1 abolished the different pain vulnerability between adult and juvenile rodents. Furthermore, SIRT1 interacted with ClC-3 channel and mediated ClC-3 membrane trafficking and Cl¯ current in DRG neurons. Differential manipulation of ClC-3 also abolished the difference in pain vulnerability between adult and juvenile rodents. The different anti-inflammatory ability determined the different change trends of SIRT1 and ClC-3 trafficking contributed to the different pain vulnerability in adult and juvenile rodents. In addition, the serum SIRT1 level was negatively correlated with pain score in chronic pain patients. These findings revealed the mechanism of the difference in pain vulnerability between adult and juvenile rodents and provided evidence for age-specific treatment of chronic pain.

5.
Lab Invest ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446893

RESUMO

Hypoxia is an important feature of the tumor microenvironment and is associated with glioma progression and patient outcome. Exosomes have been implicated in the intercellular communication in the tumor microenvironment. However, the effects of hypoxic glioma exosomes on glioma migration and invasion and the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we found that exosomes derived from hypoxic glioma cells (H-GDEs) promoted normoxic glioma migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Given that exosomes can regulate recipient cell functions by delivering microRNAs, we further revealed miR-1246 and miR-10b-5p were upregulated significantly in H-GDEs and delivered to normoxic glioma cells by H-GDEs. Moreover, we determined the clinical relevance of miR-1246 and miR-10b-5p in glioma patients. Subsequent investigations indicated that miR-1246 and miR-10b-5p markedly induced glioma migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Finally, we demonstrated that miR-1246 and miR-10b-5p induced glioma migration and invasion by directly targeting FRK and TFAP2A respectively. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the hypoxic microenvironment stimulates glioma to generate miR-1246- and miR-10b-5p-rich exosomes that are delivered to normoxic glioma cells to promote their migration and invasion; treatment targeting miR-1246 and miR-10b-5p may impair the motility of gliomas, providing a novel direction for the development of antitumor therapy.

6.
Ann Hematol ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389024

RESUMO

Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) account for a large proportion of tumour microenvironment (TME) in angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (AITL), and at present the significance of TIL in TME of AITL remains unclear. Overall, 50 de novo AITL patients undergoing lymph node flow cytometry from 2014 to 2019 were retrospectively analysed to assess the relationship between TILs and AITL prognosis. We found that high TIL-Bs (≥ 42.4%, p = 0.004) and high CD4:CD8 (≥ 0.85, p = 0.024) were independent favourable prognostic factors for de novo AITL in univariate or multivariate analyses. New TIL-related risk stratification was established based on TIL-Bs and CD4:CD8 factors. Patients in the low-risk group (TIL-Bs ≥ 42.4% and CD4:CD8 ≥ 0.85) had significantly better overall survival than the high-risk (TIL-Bs < 42.4% and CD4:CD8 < 0.85) (p < 0.001) or intermediate-risk group (TIL-Bs ≥ 42.4% and CD4:CD8 < 0.85 or TIL-Bs < 42.4% and CD4:CD8 ≥ 0.85) (p = 0.011). To our knowledge, our cohort is the largest one focusing on the TILs in de novo cases of AITL by analysing lymph node samples using flow cytometry, which is the first time to comprehensively consider humoral immunity and cellular immunity influence on AITL. Our new risk stratification was valuable and useful in evaluating prognosis of AITL and guiding immunotherapy strategies.

7.
Pain ; 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868747

RESUMO

Mechanical allodynia is a debilitating condition for millions of patients with chronic pain. Mechanical allodynia can manifest in distinct forms, including brush-evoked dynamic and filament-evoked static allodynia. In the nervous system, the forkhead protein Foxo1 plays a critical role in neuronal structures and functions. However, the role of Foxo1 in the somatosensory signal remains unclear. Here, we found that Foxo1 selectively regulated static mechanical pain. Foxo1 knockdown decreased sensitivity to static mechanical stimuli in normal rats and attenuated static mechanical allodynia in rat models for neuropathic, inflammatory, and chemotherapy pain. Conversely, Foxo1 overexpression selectively enhanced sensitivity to static mechanical stimuli and provoked static mechanical allodynia. Furthermore, Foxo1 interacted with voltage-gated sodium Nav1.7 channels and increased the Nav1.7 current density by accelerating activation rather than by changing the expression of Nav1.7 in dorsal root ganglia neurons. In addition, the serum level of Foxo1 was found to be increased in chronic pain patients and to be positively correlated with the severity of chronic pain. Altogether, our findings suggest that serum Foxo1 level could be used as a biological marker for prediction and diagnosis of chronic pain. Moreover, selective blockade of Foxo1/Nav1.7 interaction may offer a new therapeutic approach in patients with mechanical pain.

9.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 8(7): 966-981, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350000

RESUMO

Proneural-to-mesenchymal transition (PMT) is a common process in glioblastoma (GBM) progression that leads to increased radiotherapy resistance. However, the mechanism underlying PMT is poorly understood. Here, we found that tumor-associated macrophages triggered PMT in glioma stem cells (GSC) via small extracellular vesicles (sEV). sEVs from monocyte-derived macrophages transferred miR-27a-3p, miR-22-3p, and miR-221-3p to GSCs, and these miRNAs promoted several mesenchymal phenotypes in proneural (PN) GSCs by simultaneously targeting CHD7 We found that CHD7 played a critical role in the maintenance of the PN phenotype, and CHD7 knockdown significantly promoted PMT in GSCs via the RelB/P50 and p-STAT3 pathways. The induction of PMT by sEVs containing miR-27a-3p, miR-22-3p, and miR-221-3p in a xenograft nude mouse model exacerbated radiotherapy resistance and thus decreased the benefits of radiotherapy. Collectively, these findings identified macrophage-derived sEVs as key regulators of PMT in GSCs and demonstrated that CHD7 is a novel inhibitor of PMT.

10.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(3)2020 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32235709

RESUMO

Magnetron sputtering has become an effective method in Sb2Se3 thin film photovoltaic. Research found that post-selenization treatments are essential to produce stoichiometric thin films with desired crystallinity and orientation for the sputtered Sb2Se3. However, the influence of the sputtering process on Sb2Se3 device performance has rarely been explored. In this work, the working pressure effect was thoroughly studied for the sputtered Sb2Se3 thin film solar cells. High-quality Sb2Se3 thin film was obtained when a bilayer structure was applied by sputtering the film at a high (1.5 Pa) and a low working pressure (1.0 Pa) subsequently. Such bilayer structure was found to be beneficial for both crystallization and preferred orientation of the Sb2Se3 thin film. Lastly, an interesting power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.5% was obtained for the champion device.

11.
J Physiol ; 598(12): 2415-2430, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237255

RESUMO

KEY POINTS: Spinal cord dorsal horn srGAP3 (slit-robo GTPase activating protein 3) increases in the initiation phase of neuropathic pain and decreases in the maintenance phase. However, Rac1 activity, which can be reduced by srGAP3, decreases in the initiation phase and increases in the maintenance phase. The increased srGAP3 in the initiation phase promotes new immature dendritic spines instigating neuropathic pain. Decreased srGAP3 in the maintenance phase enhances Rac1 activity facilitating maturation of dendritic spines and the persistence of neuropathic pain. SrGAP3 small interfering RNA can ameliorate neuropathic pain only when administrated in the initiation phase. The Rac1 inhibitor can ameliorate neuropathic pain only when administrated in the maintenance phase. Combined targeting of srGAP3 in the initiation phase and Rac1 in the maintenance phase can produce optimal analgesic efficacy. ABSTRACT: Neuropathic pain includes an initiation phase and maintenance phase, each with different pathophysiological processes. Understanding the synaptic plasticity and molecular events in these two phases is relevant to exploring precise treatment strategies for neuropathic pain. In the present study, we show that dendritic spine density increases in the spinal dorsal horn in the initiation phase of neuropathic pain induced by paclitaxel and that the spine maturity ratio increases in the maintenance phase. Increased srGAP3 (slit-robo GTPase activating protein 3) facilitates dendritic spine sprouting in the initiation phase. In the maintenance phase, srGAP3 decreases to upregulate Rac1 activity, which facilitates actin polymerization and dendritic spine maturation and thus the persistence of neuropathic pain. Knockdown of srGAP3 in the initiation phase or inhibition of Rac1 in the maintenance phase attenuates neuropathic pain. Combined intervention of srGAP3 in the initiation phase, and Rac1 in the maintenance phase shows better analgesic efficacy against neuropathic pain. The present study demonstrates the role of srGAP3-Rac1 in dendritic spine plasticity in the two phases of neuropathic pain and, accordingly, provides treatment strategies for different phases of neuropathic pain.

12.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 44(8): 1061-1072, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317607

RESUMO

Systemic Epstein-Barr virus-positive T-cell and natural killer (NK)-cell lymphoproliferative diseases of childhood are a group of lethal diseases mostly affecting children and young adults. The Ohshima Grading System and the 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) classification have been used for classifying this spectrum, but these systems have not been validated externally and compared. Therefore, we examined 36 cases of systemic Epstein-Barr virus-positive T-cell and NK-cell lymphoproliferative diseases of childhood with long-term follow-up, from Southwest China, to systematically summarize the clinicopathologic features and to validate and compare the Ohshima Grading System and the 2017 WHO classification in discrimination ability, predictive accuracy, concordance indices, and explained variation. Clinically, our cohort showed severe manifestations and poor prognoses. Morphologically, the hematopoietic and lymphoid specimens showed proliferation of small-sized to medium-sized bland-looking lymphocytes that might mask disease severity, whereas other extranodal lesions showed a disorganized to obliterated architecture infiltrated by medium-sized to large-sized, subtle to obvious atypical cells, which may mimic extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Immunophenotypically, our cases mainly originate from CD8 αß T cells. Therefore, clinical and pathologic features should be equally considered to avoid missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. In addition, the 2017 WHO classification shows a flexible grasp of pathologic features, thus classifying some cases (polymorphic and monoclonal cases with fulminant course) more reasonably; thereby, it showed statistically improved results compared with the Ohshima Grading System. However, underestimating the risk of some polyclonal cases and imprecisely discriminating monoclonal cases at diagnosis are common dilemmas in both systems. Therefore, the construction of a comprehensive grading algorithm for improved prognostic value and precise diagnosis requires additional studies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/classificação , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/classificação , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Proliferação de Células , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Genes Codificadores da Cadeia alfa de Receptores de Linfócitos T , Genes Codificadores da Cadeia beta de Receptores de Linfócitos T , Humanos , Lactente , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/imunologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/patologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Viral/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 59, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cullin-7 (CUL7) is a member of the DOC domain-containing cullin family and is involved in the regulation of cell transformation. However, the clinical significance, potential mechanism and upstream regulators of CUL7 in malignant gliomas remain to be determined. METHODS: Expression level data and clinical information were obtained via the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blot analysis. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to explore the potential molecular mechanisms of CUL7. RNA silencing was performed using siRNA or lentiviral constructs in U87MG and U251 glioma cell lines and GSC267 glioma stem cells. CUL7 overexpression was performed using the GV141-CUL7 plasmid construct. In addition, overexpression of miR-3940-5p was performed and validated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Cells were characterized in vitro or in vivo to evaluate their molecular status, cell proliferation, invasion, and migration by Cell Counting Kit (CCK)-8, EdU, flow cytometry, colony formation, Transwell and 3D tumour spheroid invasion assays. Coimmunoprecipitation (co-IP) and western blotting were performed to test the mechanisms of activation of the NF-κB signalling pathway. RESULTS: High CUL7 expression was associated with a high tumour grade, a mesenchymal molecular glioma subtype and a poor prognosis in patients. Gene silencing of CUL7 in U87MG and U251 cells significantly inhibited tumour growth, invasion and migration in vitro and in vivo. Western blot analysis revealed that cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) molecular markers changed under CUL7 silencing conditions. In contrast, CUL7 overexpression promoted tumour growth, invasion and migration. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and western blot analysis revealed that CUL7 was positively associated with the NF-κB pathway. Moreover, with coimmunoprecipitation assays, we discovered that CUL7 physically associated with MST1, which further led to ubiquitin-mediated MST1 protein degradation, which promoted activation of the NF-κB signalling pathway. Finally, CUL7 was found to be downregulated by miR-3940-5p, which suppressed the development of gliomas. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that CUL7 plays a significant role in promoting tumorigenesis via NF-κB activation and that it can be negatively regulated by miR-3940-5p in human gliomas. Furthermore, CUL7 might be a candidate molecular target for the treatment of glioma.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(3): 168, 2020 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127518

RESUMO

Hypoxia is a critical factor in the malignant progression of glioma, especially for the highly-invasive mesenchymal (MES) subtype. But the detailed mechanisms in hypoxia-induced glioma MES transition remain elusive. Pseudogenes, once considered to be non-functional relics of evolution, are emerging as a critical factor in human tumorigenesis and progression. Here, we investigated the clinical significance, biological function, and mechanisms of protein disulfide isomerase family A member 3 pseudogene 1 (PDIA3P1) in hypoxia-induced glioma MES transition. In this study, we found that PDIA3P1 expression was closely related to tumor degree, transcriptome subtype, and prognosis in glioma patients. Enrichment analysis found that high PDIA3P1 expression was associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition, extracellular matrix (ECM) disassembly, and angiogenesis. In vitro study revealed that overexpression of PDIA3P1 enhanced the migration and invasion capacity of glioma cells, while knockdown of PDIA3P1 induced the opposite effect. Further studies revealed that PDIA3P1 functions as a ceRNA, sponging miR-124-3p to modulate RELA expression and activate the downstream NF-κB pathway, thus promoting the MES transition of glioma cells. In addition, Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1 was confirmed to directly bind to the PDIA3P1 promotor region and activate its transcription. In conclusion, PDIA3P1 is a crucial link between hypoxia and glioma MES transition through the PDIA3P1-miR-124-3p-RELA axis, which may serve as a prognostic indicator and potential therapeutic target for glioma treatment.

15.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 19: 1534735419900927, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129091

RESUMO

Background: Malignant glioma is a lethal brain tumor that is highly resistant to standard therapy. Our research aims to explore the suppressive effects of nitidine chloride (NC) on gliomas and the mechanisms involved, showing that it is a potential agent for integrative therapy of gliomas. Methods: After glioma cells were treated with NC, several experiments were performed to evaluate NC's antitumor effects. CCK-8 assay was used to detect viability. Transwell and 3-dimensional spheroid invasion assays were used to evaluate motility of glioma in vitro, and the sphere-formation assay showed NC's influence on glioma stem cells. Apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species were measured by means of flow cytometry. Subcellular structures were observed through transmission electron microscopy. Western blot analysis reflected expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) marker proteins. An orthotopic xenograft model was established to investigate the tumor suppressive effects in vivo. Results: Nitidine chloride inhibited glioma cell migration and invasion in vitro, downregulated the EMT proteins, and suppressed sphere formation of glioma stem cells. Furthermore, NC induced persistent ER stress that contributed to apoptosis and reactive oxygen species production. The xenograft model showed that NC effectively restricted glioma growth and invasion in vivo. Furthermore, we confirmed the signaling pathways that ER stress downregulates C/EBPß and slug, as well as inhibition of the AKT/GSK3ß/ß-catenin axis caused by NC, in U-87 MG. Conclusion: We demonstrated that NC inhibits gliomas in vitro and in vivo by activating ER stress and downregulating EMT, which provides a basis for glioma therapy.

17.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 44(4): 444-455, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609782

RESUMO

Primary adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PA-DLBCL) is a rare subtype of extranodal DLBCL. Because of the rarity of this disease, its morphologic and genetic features are not comprehensively studied. Here, we systematically reviewed the clinicopathologic features of 42 cases of PA-DLBCL from our institution and investigated the frequency of MYD88 L265P and CD79B (exon 5) mutation in 29 eligible cases using Sanger sequencing. Clinically, PA-DLBCL was predominant in elderly male patients with advanced clinical stage and poor outcomes. Morphologically, the tumors often showed a sinusoidal and/or cohesive pattern with condensed chromatin and inconspicuous nucleolus which mimicked neuroendocrine carcinoma. Moreover, increased Reed-Sternberg-like cells were observed frequently. These confounding morphologic manifestations may lead to misdiagnosis. Genetically, PA-DLBCL harbored a high prevalence of MYD88 L265P (24%) and CD79B mutations (52%) which may be involved in lymphomagenesis. The CD79B mutation was significantly associated with a worse prognosis. A novel Histo-Molecular Classification system (4 categories) was proposed based on correlation with genetic changes. Generally, the neuroendocrine carcinoma-like type was associated with CD79B mutation, whereas the RS-like cell type indicated MYD88 L265P. The biphasic type was correlated with coexisting mutations of MYD88 and CD79B, whereas the common type implied no mutation. Furthermore, the common type showed significantly better survival. In conclusion, the proposed new category system could indicate the genetic changes as well as facilitate risk stratification to guide treatment and predict prognosis. Although this study augmented our understanding of PA-DLBCL, further analysis is required to validate our results and extend them to extranodal DLBCL at other sites.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/genética , Antígenos CD79/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Mutação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/mortalidade , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Mutação , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Células de Reed-Sternberg/patologia
18.
Mol Oncol ; 14(2): 407-425, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856384

RESUMO

Gliomas are the most common primary malignant tumours of the central nervous system, and new molecular biomarkers are urgently needed for diagnosis and targeted therapy. Here, we report that increased beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 2 (BACE2) expression is associated with increases in the grade of human glioma, the incidence of the mesenchymal molecular glioblastoma multiforme subtype and the likelihood of poor prognoses for patients. BACE2 knockdown suppressed cell invasion, cell migration and tumour growth both in vitro and in vivo, while BACE2 overexpression promoted the mesenchymal transition and cell proliferation. Furthermore, TGFß1 stimulated BACE2 expression through Smad-dependent signalling, which modulated TNF-α-induced NF-κB activity through the PP1A/IKK pathway to promote tumorigenesis in both U87MG and U251 cells. Our study indicated that BACE2 plays a significant role in glioma development. Therefore, BACE2 is a potential therapeutic target for human gliomas due to its function and ability to be regulated.

19.
Oncogene ; 39(2): 428-442, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485019

RESUMO

Exosomes are emerging as important elements that participate in intercellular communication and tumor microenvironment modulation, but the exact mechanisms by which tumor exosomes facilitate the generation of the immunosuppressive microenvironment remain unclear. Here we investigated the effects of glioma-derived exosomes (GDEs) on macrophage polarization and glioma progression. We also performed microRNA sequencing analysis of GDEs to identify the microRNA that mediated macrophage polarization. The microRNA-associated intracellular signaling pathway in macrophages was further investigated. Compared with normoxic glioma-derived exosomes (N-GDEs), hypoxic glioma-derived exosomes (H-GDEs) markedly induced M2 macrophage polarization, which subsequently promoted glioma proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. MicroRNA sequencing analysis identified miR-1246 as the most enriched microRNA in H-GDEs. Moreover, miR-1246 was enriched in the CSF of GBM patients and decreased after tumor resection. Further investigation determined that miR-1246 mediated H-GDE-induced M2 macrophage polarization by targeting TERF2IP to activate the STAT3 signaling pathway and inhibit the NF-κB signaling pathway. Our study elucidated a mechanism by which hypoxia and glioma influence M2 macrophage polarization via exosomes, which could facilitate the formation of the immunosuppressive microenvironment. Moreover, our results suggested that miR-1246 in the CSF of GBM patients may be a novel biomarker for GBM diagnosis and that treatment targeting microRNA-1246 may contribute to antitumor immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Exossomos/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Macrófagos/citologia , MicroRNAs/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Macrófagos/imunologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fagocitose/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Hipóxia Tumoral
20.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(12)2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835756

RESUMO

Lead-free double perovskites have been considered as a potential environmentally friendly photovoltaic material for substituting the hybrid lead halide perovskites due to their high stability and nontoxicity. Here, lead-free double perovskite Cs2AgBiBr6 films are initially fabricated by single-source evaporation deposition under high vacuum condition. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy characterization show that the high crystallinity, flat, and pinhole-free double perovskite Cs2AgBiBr6 films were obtained after post-annealing at 300 °C for 15 min. By changing the annealing temperature, annealing time, and film thickness, perovskite Cs2AgBiBr6 solar cells with planar heterojunction structure of FTO/TiO2/Cs2AgBiBr6/Spiro-OMeTAD/Ag achieve an encouraging power conversion efficiency of 0.70%. Our preliminary work opens a feasible approach for preparing high-quality double perovskite Cs2AgBiBr6 films wielding considerable potential for photovoltaic application.

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