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1.
Exp Cell Res ; : 111561, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476289

RESUMO

Previous studies demonstrated that variants in dipeptidyl aminopeptidase-like protein-6 (DPP6) are involved in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. However, its role in early repolarization syndrome (ERS) remains largely elusive. The aim of this study is to determine whether the novel DPP6-L747P variant is associated with ERS, and explore the underlying mechanisms. In our study, whole genome sequencing was used to identify a genetic variant in 4 Chinese families with sudden cardiac arrest induced by ERS. Then, wild-type (WT) DPP6 or mutant (c.2240T > C/p.L747P) DPP6 were respectively expressed in HEK293 cells, co-expressed with KV4.3 and KChIP2. Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and whole-cell patch clamp experiments were performed to reveal possible underlying mechanisms. A novel missense variant (c.2240T > C/p.L747P) in DPP6 was identified in the 4 families. Both DPP6-WT and DPP6-L747P were mainly located on the cell membrane. Compared with DPP6-WT, the intensity of DPP6 protein bands was downregulated in DPP6-L747P. Functional experiments showed that macroscopic currents exhibited an increase in DPP6-L747P, and the current intensity of DPP6-L747P was increased more than that of DPP6-WT (63.1 ± 8.2 pA/pF vs.86.5 ± 15.1 pA/pF at +50 mV, P < 0.05). Compared with DPP6-WT, the slope of the activation curve of DPP6-L747P was slightly decreased (15.49 ±â€¯0.56 mV vs. 13.88 ±â€¯0.54 mV, P < 0.05), the slope of the inactivation curve was increased (13.65 ±â€¯1.57 mV, vs. 24.44 ±â€¯2.79 mV, P < 0.05) and the recovery time constant was significantly reduced (216.81 ±â€¯18.59 ms vs. 102.11 ±â€¯32.03 ms, P < 0.05). In conclusion, we identified a novel missense variant (c.2240T > C/p. L747P) in DPP6 in 4 Chinese families with sudden cardiac arrest induced by ERS. Patch clamp experiments revealed that this variant could generate a gain of function of Ito and affect the potassium current. These results demonstrated that changes caused by the variant may be the underlying mechanisms of malignant arrhythmias in the individuals with ERS.

3.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 862: 172639, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491406

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of dextromethorphan (DXM) against Parkinson's disease (PD) in rats and explored the association between DXM dose and PD risk in elderly patients 65 years and older using a population-based database. The PD rat model (Sprague Dawley rats) was induced by injecting 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the unilateral medial forebrain bundle of the rat brain. DXM (20 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally twice daily from 7 days before the appearance of a 6-OHDA lesion to 28 days after the lesion appeared. The availability of dopamine transporter (DAT) and serotonin transporter (SERT) in the striatum of the rat brain was measured using positron emission tomography. The apomorphine-induced rotation test was performed to study the hypersensitivity of the brain regions with lesions. This animal study demonstrated that DXM significantly attenuated 6-OHDA-induced DAT and SERT loss, correlating to rotational behaviors. The population-based human study analyzed the data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 between January 2005 and December 2013 and then used the DXM dose-response curve to investigate the trend of its protective effect against PD. In the human study, low cumulative doses of DXM may potentially achieve a protective effect for PD; however, high cumulative doses seem to be a risk for PD.

4.
Behav Processes ; 168: 103955, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493492

RESUMO

Theory predicts that parents will not raise unrelated offsprings. For colonial breeding birds, evolving an ability to recognize their own eggs and chicks can prevent misdirecting parental behaviour. To verify this hypothesis, egg recognition experiments were performed on colonial breeding Chinese pond herons (Ardeola bacchus) and cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis) in Chengmai and Lingao, tropical Hainan Island, China. Furthermore, a chick discrimination experiment was conducted on Chinese pond herons. In our study area, we did not record conspecific or interspecific brood parasitism in the two heron species. The results showed that Chinese pond herons had similar recognition rates for the four types of experimental eggs and lacked recognition ability. Cattle egrets had variable abilities to recognize different types of foreign eggs and have low egg recognition ability. Chinese pond herons cannot discriminate foreign chicks. Therefore, we suggest that the two species of colonial breeding herons may lack or have low egg recognition ability, and Chinese pond herons show no nestling recognition ability.

5.
Annu Rev Med ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509477

RESUMO

Current osteoporosis medications reduce fractures significantly but have rare and serious adverse effects (osteonecrosis of the jaw, atypical femoral fractures) that may limit their safety for long-term use. Insights from basic bone biology and genetic disorders have led to recent advances in therapeutics for osteoporosis. New approaches now in clinical use include the antisclerostin monoclonal antibody romosozumab, as well as the parathyroid hormone-related peptide analog abaloparatide. Clinical trial data show significant antifracture benefits with recently approved romosozumab. Studies using abaloparatide build on our longstanding experience with teriparatide and the importance of consolidating the bone mineral density gains achieved from an anabolic agent by following it with an antiresorptive. Combination and sequential treatments using osteoporosis medications with different mechanisms of action have also been tested with promising results. On the horizon is the potential for cell-based therapies (e.g., mesenchymal stem cells) and drugs that target the elimination of senescent cells in the bone microenvironment. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Medicine, Volume 71 is January 27, 2020. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

6.
J Virol ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511381

RESUMO

Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV), a member of the Potexvirus genus, has a monopartite positive-strand RNA genome, on which five open reading frames (ORFs) are organized. ORF1 encodes a 155-kDa non-structural protein (REPBaMV) that plays a core function in replication/transcription of the viral genome. To find out cellular factors modulating the replication efficiency of BaMV, a putative REPBaMV-associated protein complex from Nicotiana benthamiana leaf was isolated on a SDS-PAGE gel and a handful of proteins preferentially associated with REPBaMV were identified by tandem mass spectrometry. Among them, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was particularly noted. Overexpression of PCNA strongly suppressed the accumulation of BaMV coat protein and RNAs in leaf protoplasts. In addition, PCNA exhibited an inhibitory effect on BaMV polymerase activity. A pull-down assay confirmed a binding capability of PCNA toward BaMV genomic RNA. Mutations at D41 or F114 residues, which are critical for PCNA to function in nuclear DNA replication and repair, disabled PCNA from binding BaMV genomic RNA as well as suppressing BaMV replication. This suggests that PCNA bound to the viral RNA may interfere with the formation of a potent replication complex or block the replication process. Interestingly, BaMV is almost invisible in the newly emerging leaves where PCNA is actively expressed. Accordingly, PCNA is probably one of the factors restricting the proliferation of BaMV in young leaves. Foxtail mosaic virus and Potato virus X were also suppressed by PCNA in the protoplast experiment, suggesting a general inhibitory effect of PCNA on the replication of potexviruses.IMPORTANCE Knowing the dynamic interplay between plant RNA viruses and their host is a basic step toward firstly understanding how the viruses survive the plant defense mechanisms, and secondly gaining knowledge of pathogenic control in the field. This study found that plant proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) imposes a strong inhibition on the replication of several potexviruses including Bamboo mosaic virus, Foxtail mosaic virus and Potato virus X Based on the tests on Bamboo mosaic virus, PCNA is able to bind the viral genomic RNA and this binding is a prerequisite for the protein to suppress the virus replication. This study also suggests that PCNA plays an important role in restricting the proliferation of potexviruses in the rapidly dividing tissues of plants.

7.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 422-427, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512838

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of periodontal tissues initiated by oral biofilm. Cellular autophagy is an effective weapon against bacterial infection. Recent studies have shown that autophagy not only promotes the removal of bacteria and toxins from infected cells, but also helps to suppress the inflammatory response to maintain the homeostasis of intracellular environment, which is closely related to the development of periodontitis. Here, we reviewed the relationship between autophagy and periodontitis from three aspects: the interactions between autophagy and periodontal pathogen infection, the regulation of autophagy and immune inflammatory responses, and the relationship between autophagy and alveolar bone metabolism. We aim to provide ideas for further study on the mechanisms of autophagy and periodontitis, and ultimately contribute to a better prevention and treatment of periodontitis.

8.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; : 106610, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499190

RESUMO

A robust phylogeny is prerequisite to understand the evolution and biogeography of organisms. However, ancient and recent evolutionary radiations occurred in many plant lineages, which pose great challenges for phylogenetic analysis, especially for conifers characterized by large effective population sizes and long generation times. Picea is an important component of the dark coniferous forests in the Northern Hemisphere. Previous studies improved our understanding of its evolutionary history, but its interspecific relationships and biogeographic history remain largely unresolved. In the present study, we reconstructed a well-resolved phylogeny of Picea by comparative transcriptomic analysis based on a complete species sampling. The phylogenetic analysis, together with molecular dating and ancestral area reconstruction, further supports the North American origin hypothesis for Picea, and indicates that this genus experienced multiple out-of-North America dispersals by the Bering Land Bridge. We also found that spruces in the Japanese Archipelago have multiple origins, and P. morrisonicola from the Taiwan Island has a close relationship with species from the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and adjacent regions. Our study provides the first complete phylogeny of Picea at the genomic level, which is important for future studies of this genus.

9.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 5897-5922, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499744

RESUMO

In this paper by adding the factors of disease relapse and vaccination in the space hetero-geneous environment, we establish and discuss a class of reaction-diffusion SVIR model with relapse and a varying external source in spatial heterogeneous environment. By applying a different method than the Lyapunov function, we study the long-term dynamic behavior of this model by means of global exponential attractor theory and gradient flow method. The global asymptotic stability and the persistence of epidemic are proved. To test the validity of our theoretical results, we choose some specific epidemic disease with some more practical and more definitive official data to simulate the global stability and exponential attraction of the model. The simulation results showed that the factors of disease relapse, vaccination and spatial heterogeneity had a great influence on the persists uniformly of the disease.

10.
Carcinogenesis ; 2019 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400758

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is reported to associate with abnormal expression of SCF E3 ubiquitin ligases. FBXW10, an F-box protein of the E3 ubiquitin ligases, was abnormally regulated in HCC patients. However, whether FBXW10 is associated with HCC has not yet been evaluated. Here, we analyzed the associations between overall survival and various risk factors in 191 HCC tissues. Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that FBXW10 was an independent risk factor related to HCC prognosis. The results showed that FBXW10, gender and tumor state were strongly associated with overall survival in HCC patients. Furthermore, high expression of FBXW10 was associated with poor survival among male HCC patients but not female HCC patients. FBXW10 was more highly expressed in male HCC tissues and more strongly related to vascular invasion in male HCC patients. Consistent with these findings, the male FBXW10-Tg(+) mice were more susceptible to tumorigenesis, changes in regenerative capacity, and liver injury and inflammation but not changes in liver function than FBXW10-Tg(-) mice. FBXW10 promoted cell proliferation and migration in HCC cell lines. Our findings reveal that FBXW10, an independent risk factor for HCC, promotes hepatocarcinogenesis in male patients, and is also a potential prognostic marker in male patients with HCC.

12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3733, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427575

RESUMO

Hearing loss is the most common sensory disorder. While gene therapy has emerged as a promising treatment of inherited diseases like hearing loss, it is dependent on the identification of gene delivery vectors. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector-mediated gene therapy has been approved in the US for treating a rare inherited eye disease but no safe and efficient vectors have been identified that can target the diverse types of inner ear cells. Here, we identify an AAV variant, AAV-inner ear (AAV-ie), for gene delivery in mouse inner ear. Our results show that AAV-ie transduces the cochlear supporting cells (SCs) with high efficiency, representing a vast improvement over conventional AAV serotypes. Furthermore, after AAV-ie-mediated transfer of the Atoh1 gene, we find that many SCs trans-differentiated into new HCs. Our results suggest that AAV-ie is a useful tool for the cochlear gene therapy and for investigating the mechanism of HC regeneration.

13.
Analyst ; 144(17): 5254-5260, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364615

RESUMO

In this paper we report a novel probe based on a luminescent 23-membered [1 + 1] Schiff-base macrocyclic mononuclear Sm(iii) complex Sm-2e, originating from the dialdehyde H2Qe and 1,2-bis(2-aminoethoxy)ethane precursors, which is synthesized by the Sm(iii) ion template method. X-ray structural analyses confirm that each ten-coordinate Sm(iii) center with the coordination geometry of a distorted bicapped square antiprism is fully encapsulated by a flexible macrocyclic ligand H2L2e to form a "lasso-type" architecture, and this architecture could enable efficient energy transfer in various solvents confirmed by long lifetimes (33.5-65.2 µs) and high quantum yields (0.23-0.76%) of the Sm(iii) ion. Simultaneously, complex Sm-2e could serve as a probe for sensing organic solvents. Particularly, this complex probe Sm-2e exhibits a highly selective, rapid and sensitive response to tetrahydrofuran (THF), which is easily distinguished by a large absorption shift, even visible to the naked eye, and complete fluorescence quenching. Moreover, the limit of detection for THF is about 0.20% determined by titration experiments, and good selectivity for THF could still be realized in mixture solvents. Consequently, this colorimetric and "turn off" fluorescent probe Sm-2e could be a valuable candidate as a sensor material for sensing THF which has been rarely reported.

14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1033-1039, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418353

RESUMO

]Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of induction regimens containing arsenite, allo-transretinoic acid (ATRA) and anthracyclines of different doses as induction chemotherapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). METHODS: The clinical data of 129 consecutive hospitalized newly diagnosed APL patients from January 2011 to December 2017 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Sixty-six patients received arsenite, ATRA and anthracyclines of low doses (low dose group), while other 63 patients received arsenite, ATRA and anthracyclines of standard doses (standard dose group), the efficacy and safety were compared and analyzed in 2 groups. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in terms of age, sex, routine blood indexes,LDH level, bone marrow promyelocyte count,prognostic stratification between patients in two groups (P>0.05). During the treatment, WBC count peak and its time point were not significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Both induction regimens showed good efficacy, the PML-RARα gene conversion rate from positive into negative, the 2-year overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate in the low-dose group were similar to those in the standard dose group(P>0.05). The recovery time of neutrophils and platelets in the low-dose group was 0 d and 11 d, respectively, which were statistically  significantly shorter than those in the standard dose group (3 d,15 d) (both P=0.000). The median value of platelet and erythrocyte transfusion in the low-dose group was 6.9 U and 4.2 U, respectively, which were statistically significantly lower than that in the standard dose group (8.4 U,6.8 U) (P=0.037,0.000). And the inpatient time in the low and the standard dose groups were 30.98 and 30.71 days, respectively (P=0.770). CONCLUSION: For newly diagnosed patients with APL, the efficacy was similar between induction therapy containing arsenite,ATRA and low dose anthracyclines and the induction therapy containing arsenite, ATRA and standard dose anthracyclines, however, the former appears even safer.


Assuntos
Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Antraciclinas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tretinoína
15.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221638, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in evaluating angiogenesis in a xenograft nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) model in nude mice and the evolution of CEUS parameters according to the growth of NPC. METHODS: Nude mice were divided into three groups according to experiments conducted at various times from tumor implantation (8 mice/group; group A: 4 weeks from implantation; group B:6 weeks from implantation; group C:8 weeks from implantation). CNE-2 cells were transplanted in 24 nude mice and CEUS evaluations of the tumors were performed at 4, 6 or 8 weeks from implantation. CEUS parametric perfusion images and pathological findings were recorded. R version 3.4.4 software was used to analyze the CEUS parameters and pathological findings. RESULTS: One-way anova analysis indicated statistically significant differences among the three groups with the parameters of peak intensity (PI) (p<0.001), area wash in (AWI) (p<0.001), area wash out (AWO) (p<0.001) and tumor volumes (p<0.001).Pearson correlation coefficient analysis indicated that microvessel density (MVD) was correlated with tumor volume (r = 0.644, p = 0.001), PI (r = 0.904, p<0.0001), AWI (r = 0.547, p = 0.008) and AWO (r = 0.744, P<0.0001). Tumor volume was correlated with MVD (r = 0.644, p = 0.001), PI (r = 0.625, p = 0.002), AWI (r = 0.528, p = 0.012) and AWO (r = 0.784, p<0.001). The percentage of necrosis in histological sections was correlated with the percentage of CEUS unperfused area (r = 0.446,p = 0.038). Spearman rank correlation coefficient analysis indicated that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was correlated with PI (r = 0.462, P = 0.032). Welch t test indicated PI, AWI and AWO parameters were significantly lower than that of kidneys (p<0.001, p = 0.009, p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The CEUS parameters PI, AWI and AWO indirectly reflect the MVD and the tumor volume in our model of subcutaneous transplanted NPC in nude mice, providing precious information on angiogenesis and tumor growth. VEGF may play a role in promoting angiogenesis of NPC.

16.
Biochemistry ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454239

RESUMO

Carbohydrates make up one of the four major classes of biomolecules, often conjugated with proteins as glycoproteins or with lipids as glycolipids, and participate in many important biochemical functions in living species. However, glycoproteins or glycolipids often exist as mixtures, and as a consequence, it is difficult to isolate individual glycoproteins or glycolipids as pure forms to understand the role carbohydrates play in the glycoconjugate. Currently, the only feasible way to obtain pure glycoconjugates is through synthesis, and of the many methods developed for the synthesis of oligosaccharides, those with automatic and programmable potential are considered to be more effective for addressing the issues of carbohydrate diversity and related functions. In this Perspective, we describe how data science, including algorithm and machine learning, can be used to assist the chemical synthesis of oligosaccharide in a programmable and one-pot manner and how the programmable method can be used to accelerate the construction of diverse oligosaccharides to facilitate our understanding of glycosylation in biology.

17.
Nat Rev Cancer ; 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462760

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapies targeting adaptive immune checkpoints have substantially improved patient outcomes across multiple metastatic and treatment-refractory cancer types. However, emerging studies have demonstrated that innate immune checkpoints, which interfere with the detection and clearance of malignant cells through phagocytosis and suppress innate immune sensing, also have a key role in tumour-mediated immune escape and might, therefore, be potential targets for cancer immunotherapy. Indeed, preclinical studies and early clinical data have established the promise of targeting phagocytosis checkpoints, such as the CD47-signal-regulatory protein α (SIRPα) axis, either alone or in combination with other cancer therapies. In this Review, we highlight the current understanding of how cancer cells evade the immune system by disrupting phagocytic clearance and the effect of phagocytosis checkpoint blockade on induction of antitumour immune responses. Given the role of innate immune cells in priming adaptive immune responses, an improved understanding of the tumour-intrinsic processes that inhibit essential immune surveillance processes, such as phagocytosis and innate immune sensing, could pave the way for the development of highly effective combination immunotherapy strategies that modulate both innate and adaptive antitumour immune responses.

18.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468597

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to explore the quantitative dose-response association of total sedentary behavior and TV viewing with overweight/obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension in a meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched 3 databases to identify English language reports that assessed the association of total sedentary behavior or TV viewing with above health outcomes. Restricted cubic splines were used to evaluate possible linear or nonlinear association of total sedentary behavior and TV viewing with above health outcomes. RESULTS: We included 48 articles (58 studies) with 1,071,967 participants in the meta-analysis; 21 (6 cohort and 15 cross-sectional studies) studies examined the association of total sedentary behavior with overweight/obesity, 23 (13 cohort and 10 cross-sectional studies) with type 2 diabetes and 14 (1 cohort and 13 cross-sectional studies) with hypertension. We found linear association between total sedentary behavior and type 2 diabetes (Pnonlinearity =0.190) and hypertension (Pnonlinearity =0.225) and a nonlinear association for overweight/obesity (Pnonlinearity =0.003). For each 1-h/day increase in total sedentary behavior, the risk increased by 5% for type 2 diabetes and 4% for hypertension. We also found linear association between TV viewing and type 2 diabetes (Pnonlinearity =0.948) and hypertension (Pnonlinearity =0.679) and a nonlinear association for overweight/obesity (Pnonlinearity =0.007). For each 1-h/day increase in TV viewing, the risk increased by 8% for type 2 diabetes and 6% for hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: High levels of total sedentary behavior and TV viewing were associated with overweight/obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
J Clin Nurs ; 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of how Chinese adults cope with multiple chronic conditions in everyday life. BACKGROUND: Having multiple chronic conditions is stressful, requiring people to make physical and mental adaptations. There is little evidence exploring how people cope with multiple chronic conditions, especially in an Asian context. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design was employed. The Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ) was used to report this study. METHODS: This study was conducted in a tertiary referral and teaching hospital in Bengbu, Anhui, China, between August and October 2018. A purposive sample of 14 people with multiple chronic conditions, aged between 32 and 75 years, completed a demographic questionnaire and semi-structured face-to-face interviews. The interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Qualitative content analysis guided data analysis. RESULTS: Four distinctive themes comprising subthemes were developed from participants' narratives pertaining to coping with multiple chronic conditions: (a) appraising multiple chronic conditions, (b) addressing multiple chronic conditions management, (c) maintaining psychological well-being and (d) fulfilling a social role. Illustrative quotations were cited to support each theme. CONCLUSIONS: This study underscores that people cope with multiple chronic conditions in everyday life by using a compendium of coping strategies. As one of the influencing factors, culture dominates the ways of coping at different levels among people with multiple chronic conditions. These findings expand the current literature on coping based on an Asian perspective and inform further cross-culture research on this topic. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Healthcare professionals should understand peoples' experiences of coping with multiple chronic conditions to provide more holistic and dynamic health care to address their actual needs. Healthcare professionals should be acquainted with how culture impacts individuals' coping and develops culture-tailored supportive programmes such as family-based interventions, to promote the health of people with multiple chronic conditions.

20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(7): 2309-2319, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418234

RESUMO

We estimated grassland NPP using CASA model in the Loess Plateau during 2000-2015 and further analyzed the spatiotemporal dynamics, stability and persistence of grassland NPP. The driving factors of grassland NPP were analyzed from four aspects, i.e., vegetation types, topographic factors, climate change, and human activities. The results showed that the average NPP was 202.93 g C·m-2·a-1. The grassland NPP showed an increasing trend with an average increase rate of 2.43 g C·m-2·a-1. The distribution of NPP in grassland had obvious spatial heterogeneity, which was generally high in the south and low in the north. 91.2% of the total grassland area showed an increasing trend, mainly distributed in most areas of Shaanxi Province, Longdong and Longzhong areas of Gansu Province, and most parts of Qinghai Province. The regions with a stable growth condition of grassland NPP mainly located in the south of Ordos, northern Shaanxi, and Gansu. The future change trend of grassland NPP would be consistent with that of the past in most areas. The grassland NPP would continue to increase in most areas of Shaanxi Province, Longzhong and Longdong areas in Gansu Province. The average NPP of slope grassland was 703.37 g C·m-2·a-1, while that of alpine and subalpine grassland was 57.28 g C·m-2·a-1. The grassland NPP was higher in high altitude area and relative low in plain and hilly area. The increased precipitation promoted the increase of grassland NPP during the study period. Human activities such as improvement of overgrazing and returning cropland to grassland also played an important role in the increase of grassland NPP in the Loess Plateau.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Modelos Teóricos , China , Mudança Climática , Atividades Humanas
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