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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 106: 103638, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017956

RESUMO

Small heat shock proteins (shsps) are conserved across invertebrate species. They are implicated in the modulation of various biological processes, such as immune responses, abiotic stress tolerance metamorphosis, and embryonic development. Herein, we identified a heat shock protein 20 from the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (named as Pc-Hsp20), and performed in vivo studies to elucidate its physiological functions in the innate immunity. The open reading frame of Pc-Hsp20 was 609 base pair, encoding a protein of 202 amino acid residues with a hsp20/alpha crystallin family domain. Pc-Hsp20 was ubiquitously expressed in various tissues; however, it was highest in the hepatopancreas. The challenge with immune elicitors remarkably enhanced the transcript level of Pc-Hsp20 in the hepatopancreas when compared with the control. Administration of double-stranded RNA could significantly reduce expression of the Pc-Hsp20 mRNAs, and most of the immune-related genes expression enhanced with a variable concentration in the hepatopancreas. Altogether, these results suggest that Pc-Hsp20 may participate in innate immunity against microbial pathogens.

2.
iScience ; 23(2): 100839, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058954

RESUMO

The epidemiological association between disrupted circadian rhythms and metabolic diseases is implicated in increased risk of human breast cancer and poor therapeutic outcomes. To define a metabolic phenotype and the underlying molecular mechanism, we applied chronic insulin treatment (CIT) to an in vitro model of triple-negative breast cancer to directly address how BMAL1, a key circadian transcription factor, regulates cancer cell respiration and governs tumor progression. At the cellular level, BMAL1 suppresses the flexibility of mitochondrial substrate usage and the pyruvate-dependent mitochondrial respiration induced by CIT. We established an animal model of diet-induced obesity/hyperinsulinemia and observed that BMAL1 functions as a tumor suppressor in obese, but not lean, mice. Downregulation of BMAL1 is associated with higher risk of metastasis in human breast tumors. In summary, loss of BMAL1 in tumors confers advantages to cancer cells in both intrinsic mitochondrial metabolism and extrinsic inflammatory tumor microenvironment during pre-diabetic obesity/hyperinsulinemia.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040293

RESUMO

Graphene has been applied to thermal technology including boiling and condensation heat transfer, from which the pool boiling enhancement is relay by adjusting the surface morphology and wettability that favorable to catalyze the vaporization on fluid/graphene interface. However, previous works using graphene or reduced graphene oxide (RGO) flakes coatings, where the morphology of graphene coating are non-uniform and most of the underlying structured cavities are sealed by graphene flakes. This block the studies for a long time to unravel the mechanism behind the enhanced boiling performance by graphene coatings. Moreover, the previous work relay on using water-based pool boiling, which limits the scope of its practical applications since the versatile non-polar refrigerant are been widely used in boiling heat transfer. In this letter, the pool boiling was carried out on plain copper surface to study the effect of fluorinated graphene (F-graphene) coating using non-polar refrigerant R-141b as working fluid along with bubble dynamic visualization. It was found out the increase of contact angle leads to more active cavities and enhances heat transfer performance up to twice by applying the F-graphene coating. by applying the F-graphene coating. Moreover, the mechanism of graphene-enhanced heat transfer performance was unrivaled and mainly attributed to the comprising the hydrophobic surface and effective cavity structure. This research provides a practical and reliable route for enhancing the heat transfer through F-graphene-coatings, which pave the way for potential applications in graphene-based thermal technologies.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 67: 153155, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Astragali Radix (AR) is a well-known Chinese herbal medicine. The quality of AR can be affected by many factors such as species, growth mode and production area, but there are still no chemical markers to distinguish it. PURPOSE: To explore chemical markers for improving the quality assessment of AR and discover chemical markers for identifying species, growth mode and production area of AR. METHODS: A highly sensitive, efficient and accurate method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS) for simultaneous quantitative determination of 14 major chemical components (five flavonoids and nine triterpene saponins) in 94 batches of AR from China, Republic of Korea and Germany was developed for the first time. To explore chemical markers and assess changes in the contents of 14 compounds in the 94 batches of AR samples from different regions, hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) were performed. RESULTS: Astragaloside III was not only an important chemical marker for distinguishing two species of AR, i.e.: Astragalus mongholicus and A. membranaceus, but also a potential chemical marker for the classification of cultivated and semi-wild AR. In addition, in the batches of cultivated AR, the content of isoastragaloside II and cyclocephaloside II were greater in batches from the region of Shaanxi Province than that of other Provinces in China, but the content of calycosin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside and astragaloside IV, which are the quality control markers of AR required by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, were higher than that of other Provinces in China. In addition, the content of calycosin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside, ononin, calycosin and astragaloside I could be used to identify samples of AR collected from China, Republic of Korea and Germany. CONCLUSION: This UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS method could be applied to the quantitative evaluation of AR and could be an important and meaningful reference to develop chemical markers for quality control of AR.

5.
Lasers Surg Med ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The picosecond (PICO) laser has been a new and promising device. But, so far, there have not been many prospective studies investigating the efficacy in acne scar treatment. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the dual-wavelength picosecond laser in the treatment of acne scar. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients with skin type III-IV were enrolled in this study. Eighteen patients completed the study. All patients completed six treatment sessions within a 1-month interval. All patients were treated using both 532 and 1,064 nm fractionated dual-wavelength picosecond handpieces. In evaluation, Goodman and Baron's quantitative global acne scarring grading system (GSS) was scored by two physicians. Patients also judged the results themselves by Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and pain score. RESULTS: The average baseline score of GSS quantity and quality were 15.22 and 3.00, respectively. The final scores were 10.61 and 2.33. The average baseline of patient VAS score was 4.28. The final score was 2.00. All scores achieved statistical significance (P < 0.05). No serious long-term side effects were recorded. CONCLUSION: Acne scar treatment with the fractionated dual-wavelength picosecond laser has shown both efficacy and safety in this study. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935174

RESUMO

Strain XY-J91T, a Gram-stain-negative, reddish orange, non-spore-forming and short-rod-shaped marine bacterium, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of the mangrove plant Kandelia candel (L.) Druce in Mai Po Nature Reserve, Hong Kong. The strain showed growth at 15-50 °C (optimum 40 °C), at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum 7.0-8.0) and with 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1-2 %). The only respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. The G+C content of strain XY-J91T was 40.4 mol%. Strain XY-J91T exhibited highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to the type strains of Algoriphagus marincola SW-2T (96.66 %), Algoriphagus taiwanensis CC-PR-82T (96.21%), Algoriphagus ornithinivorans JC2052T (96.16%), Algoriphagus confluentis HJM-2T (95.73%) and Algoriphagus zhangzhouensis 12C11T (95.52 %). Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence presented, strain XY-J91T represents a novel species of the genus Algoriphagus, for which the name Algoriphagus kandeliae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XY-J91T (=MCCC 1K03612T=KCTC 72216T).

7.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(1): 28-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both regorafenib and reduced-intensity FOLFOXIRI (riFOLFOXIRI) prolong survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, the sequence in which they should be administrated first in late-line treatment for refractory mCRC remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a single-center retrospective cohort study that reviewed data from patients at Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, with mCRC refractory to fluorouracil, irinotecan, oxaliplatin, cetuximab (wild-type RAS), and bevacizumab. Patients were divided into 2 groups: a regorafenib-first group and a riFOLFOXIRI-first group. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to analyze survival, and a Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate, multivariate, and subgroup analyses. RESULTS: A total of 136 and 55 patients followed a regorafenib-first or riFOLFOXIRI-first treatment strategy, respectively. At baseline, patient characteristics were similar between the groups, except for younger age in the riFOLFOXIRI-first group. The regorafenib-first group had better overall survival (13.8 vs. 10.7 mo, P=0.038), whereas patients in the riFOLFOXIRI-first group had a better partial response rate (P=0.005) but a higher rate of discontinuation due to adverse effects (P=0.004) and cross-over to regorafenib (P<0.001). Thus, no significant difference was observed in progression-free survival (regorafenib-first strategy: 3.17 mo; riFOLFOXIRI-first strategy: 4.97 mo; P=0.624). Regorafenib-first strategy, sex, and pathology were identified as independent prognostic factors. Subgroup analysis indicated that younger age, better performance status, stage IV disease, and mutant RAS gene favored the regorafenib-first strategy. CONCLUSION: Treatment with regorafenib-first followed by riFOLFOXIRI resulted in better overall survival when given as late-line treatment for patients with refractory mCRC.

8.
J Orthop Res ; 38(2): 329-335, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531986

RESUMO

The recommended treatment varies depending on the severity of muscle injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro myoblast proliferation and the in vivo histologic and physiologic effects of hyperbaric oxygen treatment on muscle healing after contusion. Cells from the C2C12 myoblast cell line were exposed to 100% O2 for 25 min then to air for 5 min at 2.5 atmospheres absolute in a hyperbaric chamber for a total treatment duration of 90 min per 48 h at intervals of 2, 4, 6 and 8 days. Cell growth measurements and western blot analysis of myogenin and actin were performed. Then, 18 mice aged 8-10 weeks were used in the muscle contusion model. The histologic and physiologic effects and muscle regeneration after hyperbaric oxygen treatment were evaluated. The myoblast growth rate was significantly higher (p < 0.05) after hyperbaric oxygen treatment. Densitometric evaluation demonstrated a 39% (p < 0.05) and 25% (p < 0.05) increase in myogenin and actin protein levels, respectively, in the cells treated with 1 dose of hyperbaric oxygen. Similarly, the myogenin and actin protein levels increased for samples receiving multiple hyperbaric oxygen treatments when compared with the control. Physiologic evaluation of fast twitch and tetanus strength revealed a significant difference between the control group and the 14-day hyperbaric oxygen group. In conclusion, hyperbaric oxygen treatment increases the myoblast growth rate and myogenin and actin production. Better histologic and physiologic performance were found after hyperbaric oxygen treatment in animal contusion model. © 2019 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 38:329-335, 2020.

9.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(2): 467-481, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655965

RESUMO

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have deficits in joint attention and play behaviors. We examined whether a robot-based play-drama intervention would promote these skills. Chinese-speaking preschool children were randomly assigned to an intervention group (N = 12) and a waitlist control group (N = 11). Children in the intervention group watched three robot dramas and engaged in role-plays with both robots and human experimenters over the course of 9 weeks. There were significant improvements in joint attention initiations and functional play behaviors in the intervention group. Parents of this group of children also reported less severe social impairments. It was therefore concluded that a robot-based play-drama intervention can enhance the joint attention and play behaviors of children with ASD.

10.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 119(1 Pt 2): 260-267, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The restoration longevity depends on a high dentin-composite bond quality. This study investigated learning outcomes when using etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives among general practitioners in a hands-on bonding test course. METHODS: We recruited 30 general practitioners to perform shear bond strength (SBS) tests using five adhesives: one Peak® Universal Bond (PUB) etch-and-rinse and four Futurabond DC, Single Bond universal (SBU), Versa Optibond (VOB), and Tetric-N Bond Self-Etch (TNS) self-etch adhesives. SBS tests were conducted at pre-demonstration (pre-demo), post-demonstration (post-demo), and 24-h storage (delayed bonding) stages. SBS data were analyzed with paired Student's t-tests. We defined 17 MPa as "qualified bond strength (QBS)". The percentages of samples with SBS achieving QBS were analyzed using Mantel-Haenszel chi-square tests. The fracture surfaces of the samples were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: Using PUB caused no significant differences in SBS between pre- and post-demo samples, whereas the SBS of the two self-etch adhesives (SBU and VOB) improved in post-demo samples (p < 0.05). SBU showed the highest percentage of samples with SBS achieving QBS in all three groups (pre-demo = 70%, post-demo = 83%, and delayed bonding = 76.5%). The QBS percentages of VOB and TNS notably improved from 0% (pre-demo) to 71.4% and 23.5% (post-demo), respectively. SEM indicated bubble-like defects at the dentin-resin interfaces in cases of low SBS. CONCLUSION: Bonding performance is both operator- and product-dependent. The continuing education hands-on course does help dentists to improve the bond strength especially when the self-etch system is used.

11.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 119(1 Pt 3): 413-419, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Abbott RealTime Genotype II assay can effectively identify hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes (GTs), but some GT 6 subtypes might not be differentiated from GT 1. Abbott RealTime Genotype II PLUS and sequencing might be needed to resolve these ambiguous results. Unlike the high prevalence of GT 6 in Southeast Asia, GT 6 had rarely been reported in Taiwan except in intravenous drug abusers (IDU). But the prevalence of GT 6 in Taiwan might be underestimated. We conducted this study to determine the GTs in a HCV endemic area in Southern Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 1147 patients with hepatitis C viremia for direct acting antivirals (DAA) treatment at the Chi Mei medical system in Tainan were enrolled. Genotype was determined using a working flow consisted of Abbott GT II, PLUS assays and 5' untranslated region (5' UTR)/core sequencing. RESULTS: Among the 1147 patients, 883 (77.0%) obtained GT results by GT II, 264 (23.0%) samples with ambiguous results by GT II assay received further tests, including 194 (73.5%) with PLUS assay and 70 (26.5%) with 5'UTR/core sequencing. Nearly three-quarters (73.5%) of ambiguous results by GT II assay were GT 6. Overall, 18.3% of samples were GT 6. Phylogenetic study of 11 samples of GT 6 subtypes showed 7 (63.6%) were 6 g. CONCLUSION: GT 6 is the major factor for high ambiguous rate by GT II. Unexpected high prevalence of GT 6 (18.3%) in Southern Taiwan, especially subtype 6 g, closely related to Indonesian strains, is first reported.

12.
Injury ; 51(2): 414-419, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870609

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures can be divided into intra-capsular and extra-capsular fracture based on fracture location; these two types of fracture have different pathogeneses, treatments and prognoses. Many factors influence the patterns of hip fractures, including the injury mechanism, areal bone mineral density and the geometry of the hip. However, the relationship between body composition and hip fracture pattern has not yet been discussed. In this investigation, an analysis of the body compositions of geriatric patients with hip fractures were conducted to identify differences between fat and muscle distributions between patients with intra- and extra-capsular hip fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From December 2017 to February 2019, 139 patients with a hip fracture were prospectively enrolled in this study. The groups of patients that were diagnosed as having intra- and extra-capsular hip fractures were compared in terms of patient demographics, pre-operative laboratory data, bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition including muscle and fat distributions obtained using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) . RESULTS: Eighty-six and 53 patients were diagnosed with intra-capsular and extra-capsular hip fractures, respectively. A significantly higher serum glucose level, a lower hemoglobin level, a lower T-score level in the proximal femur region, a lower T-score of all parts of interest, and a lower percentage fat content on the region of bilateral proximal hips (gynoid region) and in the lower limb region, were observed in patients with an extra-capsular hip fracture than in those with an intra-capsular hip fracture. However, with all confounding factors controlled for, only the T-score at the proximal femur, percentage fat content in the region of bilateral proximal hips and the ratio of android fat content to gynoid fat content (A/G ratio) are the most relevant factors in predicting the patterns of hip fracture in geriatric patients after falling. CONCLUSION: This work demonstrates that lower fat content in the region of bilateral proximal hips and a lower BMD on the proximal femur may predict greater vulnerability of geriatric patients to extra-capsular rather than intra-capsular hip fracture after a falling accident.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are many laboratory indices to assess liver fibrosis. Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index have been used as well-known serum markers of liver fibrosis. With the increasing use of non-invasive fibrosis assessment, it is important to recognize the limitations of these tests. The factors influencing the diagnostic accuracy to evaluate liver fibrosis are not well-established. This study aimed to perform a subgroup analysis of the predictive ability of laboratory indices. METHODS: Overall, 113 patients with chronic hepatitis C infection who underwent liver biopsy were retrospectively examined. The histological assessment of liver fibrosis was performed using the METAVIR scoring system, and the values of several laboratory tests were also evaluated on the same day. We categorized our study population by treatment status, body mass index (BMI), and age. RESULTS: The two laboratory indices APRI and FIB-4 index could predict advanced (F3-4) liver fibrosis and cirrhosis (F4), with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) > 0.8 and accuracy >70%. The AUROCs and accuracies were higher among patients with sustained virological response (SVR) than among those without SVR. A higher predictive ability was also observed among patients with BMI <25 kg/m2. Age did not appear to affect liver fibrosis predictability. CONCLUSIONS: The laboratory indices APRI and FIB-4 index exhibit good diagnostic performance for determining advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis among patients with hepatitis C infection. The diagnostic accuracy appears better among patients with SVR and those with BMI <25 kg/m2.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881805

RESUMO

The anti-tumor activity of diosgenin, a new steroidal constituent present in fenugreek, on two human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and Hs578T, was studied. Diosgenin treatment resulted in cell growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in concentration- and time-dependent manners in both cell lines. Western blot analyses of whole cell lysates for cell cycle proteins showed that diosgenin altered phosphorylated cyclin checkpoint1 (p-Chk1Ser345) and cyclin B expression, which resulted in G2/M phase blockade. Mechanistically, Cdc25C-Cdc2 signaling was involved in inactivating Chk1Ser345 by p53-dependence in MCF-7 cells and p21-dependence in Hs578T cells that are p53-deficient. Moreover, diosgenin induced a significant loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential in breast cancer cells, and prominently affected cell death through down-regulation of the anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2. This released cytochrome c and activated the caspase signaling cascade. Taken together, these findings reveal that the anti-proliferative activity of diosgenin involves the induction of G2/M phase arrest via modulating the Cdc25C-Cdc2-cyclin B pathway and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human breast cancer cell lines. This suggests the potential usefulness of diosgenin in treating breast cancer.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(21): 4691-4697, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872666

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the hemostatic effect and mechanism of carbonized Scutellariae Radix on uterine bleeding in the rats caused by early pregnancy termination. Eight unpregnant female rats were selected as normal group. Forty female rats conceived on the same day received mifepristone(11. 4 mg·kg-1) and misoprostol(125 µg·kg-1) to induce model of incomplete abortion in early pregnancy. Abortion models were randomly divided into model group,carbonized Scutellariae Radix water extract low dose group(0. 55 g·kg-1),medium group(1. 10 g·kg-1),high dose group(2. 20 g·kg-1) and positive control group(0. 45 g·kg-1).The uterine bleeding volume was detected by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The pathological changes of endometrium were detected by HE(hematixylin-eosin) staining. The levels of interleukin(IL-1ß),IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α) in the plasma of rats were determined by ELISA. The expression levels of IL-1ß,IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA in the uterus of rats were determined by RT-PCR.The protein expression levels of VEGF,MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined by Western blot. As compared with the normal group,the uterine bleeding volume and histopathological score were increased significantly; microvessel density of endometrial tissues was decreased significantly; the contents of TNF-α,IL-1ß and the levels of TNF-α mRNA and IL-1ß mRNA in the plasma were increased,while the content of IL-6 and level of IL-6 mRNA were decreased significantly. The protein expression levels of VEGF,MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the uterine tissues were also decreased. As compared with the model group,the uterine bleeding volume was decreased significantly in the carbonized Scutellariae Radix medium dose and high dose groups; endometrial repair was promoted,and the microvessel density of endometrial tissues was increased significantly; the contents of IL-1ß and TNF-α in the plasma of rats were decreased significantly,while the content of IL-6 in the plasma of rats was increased significantly; the expression levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α mRNA in the uterus of rats were decreased and the expression level of IL-6 mRNA showed an increase; the protein expressions of VEGF,MMP-2 and MMP-9 were decreased significantly in carbonized Scutellariae Radix medium and high dose groups. In conclusion,carbonized Scutellariae Radix showed good hemostatic effect,and its mechanism may be related to the repair of endometrium and inhibition of inflammatory reaction.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hemostáticos/farmacologia , Scutellaria baicalensis , Hemorragia Uterina , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-1beta , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
16.
Res Dev Disabil ; 95: 103515, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have deficits in their narrative skills and gestural communication. Very few intervention studies have been conducted with the aim of improving these skills. AIMS: We examined whether children with ASD who received the robot-based drama intervention had better narrative abilities and gestured more often than their peers who did not receive the intervention. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Preschool children were randomly assigned to the intervention group (N = 13) and waitlist control group (N = 13). Children in the intervention group watched three robot dramas and engaged in roleplays with both robots and human experimenters. Children in both groups took the pre-tests, immediate post-tests, and, two week later, delayed post-tests, in which they narrated three stories. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: There were significant improvements in various narrative measures, including narrative length, syntactic complexity, narrative structure, and cognitive inferences, in the intervention group. There was also an improvement in the average number of overall gestures per clause in this condition. These learning outcomes were maintained in the delayed post-test. These patterns were not found in the waitlist control group. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: A robot-based play-drama intervention can enhance the narrative abilities and gestural communication of children with ASD.

17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(11)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671586

RESUMO

It is essential to develop a novel and versatile strategy for constructing electrically conductive adhesives (ECAs) that have superior conductivity and high mechanical properties. In this work, easily synthesized polyaniline@cellulose (PANI@CNs) nanowhiskers with a high aspect ratio and excellent solubility in 1,4-dioxane were prepared and added to conventional Ag-containing adhesives. A small amount of PANI@CNs can dramatically tune the structure of the ECAs' conductive network and significantly improve the conductivity of the ECAs. Good solubility of PANI@CNs in solvents brings excellent dispersion in the polymer matrix. Thus, a three-dimensional (3D) conducting network formed with dispersed PANI@CNs and Ag flakes can enhance the conductivity of ECAs. The conductivity of the ECAs (with 1.5 wt% PANI@CNs and 55 wt% Ag flakes) showed three orders of magnitude higher than that of the ECAs filled with 55 wt% Ag flakes and 65 wt% Ag flakes. Meanwhile, the integration of PANI@CNs with Ag flakes in polymer matrices also significantly enhanced the mechanical compliance of the resulted ECAs. The resistivity remained unchanged after rolling the PANI@CNs-containing ECAs' film into a 4 mm bending radius for over 1500 cycles. A bendable printed circuit was fabricated using the above PANI@CNs-containing ECAs, which demonstrated their future potential in the field of flexible electronics.

18.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 19(1): 184, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current magnet-controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) for the stomach is not yet satisfactory with respect to navigation control, especially in the gastric fundus and cardia. A newly developed MCE system conducted in a standing rather than supine position may improve capsule maneuverability within the stomach. The aim of this phase 1 study was to assess the feasibility and safety of this system for examining the human stomach in healthy volunteers. METHODS: A cohort of 31 healthy volunteers were enrolled. Each swallowed a capsule after drinking water and gas producing agents intended to produce distention. Under the newly developed standing MCE system, subjects were examined endoscopically while standing with external guide magnets placed on the abdominal wall and left lower chest. Safety, gastric preparation, maneuverability, visualization of anatomical landmarks and the gastric mucosa, and examination time were the primary parameters assessed. The gastric preparation and examination procedures were well accepted by the subjects and there were no adverse events. RESULTS: Gastric examination took 27.8 ± 8.3 min (12-45 min). Gastric cleanliness was good in 24 participants (77.4%) and moderate in 7 participants (22.6%). Gastric distention was good in all of 31 participants (100%). Capsule maneuverability was also graded as good in all 31 subjects (100%), and manipulation in the fundus and cardia regions was as easy as that in the antrum and body. Visualization of the gastric cardia, fundus, body, angulus, antrum and pylorus was assessed subjectively as complete in all 31 subjects (100%). Visualization of the gastric mucosa was also good (> 75%) in all 31 subjects (100%). In areas where the mucosa could not be visualized, the low visibility was due to opaque fluid or foam. Polyps and erosive lesions were found in 25 subjects. CONCLUSION: MCE of the stomach conducted in a standing position is feasible and safe with satisfactory maneuverability.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(50): 47289-47298, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746197

RESUMO

Development of n-/p-type semiconducting graphenes is a critical route to implement in graphene-based nanoelectronics and optronics. Compared to the p-type graphene, the n-type graphene is more difficult to be prepared. Recently, phosphorous doping was reported to achieve air-stable and high mobility of n-typed graphene. The phosphorous-doped graphene (P-Gra) by ion implantation is considered as an ideal method for tailoring graphene due to its IC compatible process; however, for a conventional ion implanter, the acceleration energy is in the order of kiloelectron volts (keV), thus severely destroys the sp2 bonding of graphene owing to its high energy of accelerated ions. The introduced defects, therefore, degrade the electrical performance of graphene. Here, for the first time, we report a low-damage n-typed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene by an industrial-compatible ion implanter with an energy of 20 keV where the designed protection layer (thin Au film) covered on as-grown CVD graphene is employed to efficiently reduce defect formation. The additional post-annealing is found to heal the crystal defects of graphene. Moreover, this method allows transferring ultraclean and residue-free P-Gra onto versatile target substrates directly. The doping configuration, crystallinity, and electrical properties on P-Gra were comprehensively studied. The results indicate that the low-damaged P-Gra with a controllable doping concentration of up to 4.22 at % was achieved, which is the highest concentration ever recorded. The doped graphenes with tunable work functions (4.85-4.15 eV) and stable n-type doping while keeping high-carrier mobility are realized. This work contributes to the proof-of-concept for tailoring graphene or 2D materials through doping with an exceptional low defect density by the low energy ion implantation, suggesting a great potential for unconventional doping technologies for next-generation 2D-based nanoelectronics.

20.
Database (Oxford) ; 20192019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688940

RESUMO

Tripal is an open-source, resource-efficient toolkit for construction of genomic, genetic and breeding databases. It facilitates development of biological websites by providing tools to integrate and display biological data using the generic database schema, Chado, together with Drupal, a popular website creation and content management system. Tripal MapViewer is a new interactive tool for visualizing genetic map data. Developed as a Tripal replacement for Comparative Map Viewer (CMap), it enables visualization of entire maps or linkage groups and features such as molecular markers, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and heritable phenotypic markers. It also provides graphical comparison of maps sharing the same markers as well as dot plot and correspondence matrices. MapViewer integrates directly with the Tripal application programming interface framework, improving data searching capability and providing a more seamless experience for site visitors. The Tripal MapViewer interface can be integrated in any Tripal map page and linked from any Tripal page for markers, QTLs, heritable morphological markers or genes. Configuration of the display is available through a control panel and the administration interface. The administration interface also allows configuration of the custom database query for building materialized views, providing better performance and flexibility in the way data is stored in the Chado database schema. MapViewer is implemented with the D3.js technology and is currently being used at the Genome Database for Rosaceae (https://www.rosaceae.org), CottonGen (https://www.cottongen.org), Citrus Genome Database (https://citrusgenomedb.org), Vaccinium Genome Database (https://www.vaccinium.org) and Cool Season Food Legume Database (https://www.coolseasonfoodlegume.org). It is also currently in development on the Hardwood Genomics Web (https://hardwoodgenomics.org) and TreeGenes (https://treegenesdb.org). Database URL: https://gitlab.com/mainlabwsu/tripal_map.

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