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1.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(6): 440-445, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594702

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of two dimensional gray-scale blood flow imaging (hereinafter referred to as " B-flow" ) combined with color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in guiding arterial puncture and catheterization through wounds in patients with large burns. Methods: Sixty-seven patients with large burns who met the inclusion criteria and hospitalized in the First Hospital of Jilin University from January 2017 to January 2019 were enrolled in the prospectively randomized control study. According to the random number table, CDFI alone group was allocated with 35 patients (23 males and 12 females) and B-flow+ CDFI group with 32 patients (22 males and 10 females), aged 19-60 and 18-58 years, respectively. According to the progress of the disease, arterial puncture and catheterization were performed in the right time. During the operation, CDFI was used alone for guidance in patients of CDFI alone group, while B-flow and CDFI were used together for guidance in patients of B-flow+ CDIF group. Based on the first time of catheterization, the catheterization location, one-time catheterization success rate, post-back stitching re-catheterization success rate, catheterization failure rate, catheterization duration, and incidences of wound sepsis, catheter-related bloodstream infection, and arterial thrombosis within post catheterization day (PCD) 3 of patients in the two groups were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed with the independent-sample t test, chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test. Results: (1) All the patients underwent catheterization through wounds, and there was no statistically significant difference in catheterization location of patients between the two groups (χ(2)=0.574, P>0.05). The one-time catheterization success rate of patients in B-flow+ CDFI group was 81.25% (26/32), which was obviously higher than 51.43% (18/35) in CDFI alone group (χ(2)=6.594, P<0.05). The catheterization failure rate of patients in B-flow+ CDFI group was 3.12% (1/32), which was obviously lower than 20.00% (7/35) in CDFI alone group (P<0.05). The post-back stitching re-catheterization success rate of patients was similar between the two groups (χ(2)=1.029, P>0.05). (3) The catheterization duration of patients was (15.7±1.1) min in B-flow+ CDFI group, which was obviously shorter than (17.1±2.2) min in CDFI alone group (t=11.316, P<0.01). (4) Within PCD 3, the incidences of wound sepsis and catheter-related bloodstream infection of patients in CDFI alone group were 2.86% (1/35) and 0, close to 0 and 3.12% (1/32) in B-flow+ CDFI group (P>0.05); the incidence of arterial thrombosis of patients in B-flow+ CDFI group was 0, which was obviously lower than 20.00% (7/35) in CDFI alone group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with CDFI alone, B-flow combined with CDFI can improve the success rate of arterial puncture and catheterization through wounds in large area burn patients, shorten the catheterization duration, and effectively reduce the incidence of arterial thrombosis after catheterization, with a good clinical application value.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(20): 207003, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501057

RESUMO

We report terahertz (THz) light-induced second harmonic generation, in superconductors with inversion symmetry that forbid even-order nonlinearities. The THz second harmonic emission vanishes above the superconductor critical temperature and arises from precession of twisted Anderson pseudospins at a multicycle, THz driving frequency that is not allowed by equilibrium symmetry. We explain the microscopic physics by a dynamical symmetry breaking principle at sub-THz-cycle by using quantum kinetic modeling of the interplay between strong THz-lightwave nonlinearity and pulse propagation. The resulting nonzero integrated pulse area inside the superconductor leads to light-induced nonlinear supercurrents due to subcycle Cooper pair acceleration, in contrast to dc-biased superconductors, which can be controlled by the band structure and THz driving field below the superconducting gap.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(15): 157401, 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357060

RESUMO

We discover hidden Rashba fine structure in CH_{3}NH_{3}PbI_{3} and demonstrate its quantum control by vibrational coherence through symmetry-selective vibronic (electron-phonon) coupling. Above a critical threshold of a single-cycle terahertz pump field, a Raman phonon mode distinctly modulates the middle excitonic states with persistent coherence for more than ten times longer than the ones on two sides that predominately couple to infrared phonons. These vibronic quantum beats, together with first-principles modeling of phonon periodically modulated Rashba parameters, identify a threefold excitonic fine structure splitting, i.e., optically forbidden, degenerate dark states in between two bright ones with a narrow, ∼3 nm splitting. Harnessing of vibronic quantum coherence and symmetry inspires light-perovskite quantum control and sub-THz-cycle "Rashba engineering" of spin-split bands for ultimate multifunction device.

4.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 4(5): 572, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251393

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(3): 244-246, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241051

RESUMO

The early accurate diagnosis of burn depth is of great significance in determining the corresponding clinical intervention methods and judging the prognosis quality of burn patients. However, the current diagnostic method of burn depth still relies mainly on the empirical subjective judgment of clinicians, with low diagnostic accuracy. Especially for deep partial-thickness burn wounds, the error of early diagnosis is pretty big. In recent years, with the rapid development of artificial intelligence technology, deep learning algorithm combined with image analysis technology can better identify and analyze the information of medical images. This article reviews the research progress of artificial intelligence technology in the diagnosis of burn depth.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Queimaduras , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Queimaduras/patologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Prognóstico , Pele/patologia , Tecnologia
7.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 131-132, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114731

RESUMO

Suspension bed are often used to treat and nurse the wounds of burn patients in clinic. Because of the suspension force, the patients' activities are limited, and they stay in bed for a long time, which is very easy to cause foot drop, affecting the recovery of the patients. Aiming at this problem, we designed and made a foot drop prevention baffle made of stainless steel, which could withstand the buoyancy of the suspension bed, adjust the feet forwardly and backwardly, to the left and right according to the height of the patients and the distance of the feet to be separated, and keep the foot in a positive and external rotation position according to the comfort of the patients, which achieved good results in clinical application.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Fibulares , Queimaduras , , Humanos
8.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 76-80, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023724

RESUMO

Children are a high-risk group of burn, and burn pain is a special type of pain. Because children of different ages have different cognitive ability and behavioral response to pain, thus it is particularly difficult to effectively evaluate the pain. It is very important for medical staff to understand the pain of children, to define the adverse reactions of pain, to evaluate and take appropriate pain intervention measures in time and effectively. In this paper, different evaluation methods of burn pain in children and non-drug intervention related measures were reviewed in order to provide references for clinical practice.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Medição da Dor , Criança , Humanos , Dor , Manejo da Dor
9.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 757-762, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607064

RESUMO

Objective: To observe changes in foveal avascular zone(FAZ) and capillary plexus in idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane (IMEM) in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and analyze their correlation with the visual acuity. Methods: Cross-sectional study. 42 patients (15 Males and 27 females, age 64.8) from the Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were included with 51 eyes diagnosed as IMEM (IMEM group), and 23 normal eyes (9 Males and 14 females, control group). All patients received the examination of fissure lamp combined with fundus pre-set lens, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), OCT angiography (OCTA) and fundus photo. OCTA was performed on 3 mm× 3 mm sections centred on the fovea. The software automatically measured the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) vessel density(VD) and retinal thickness(RT) and FAZ area. The IMEM eyes were compared with the normal eyes and correlation between the parameters of OCTA and BCVA was analyzed in IMEM. Independent-sample t test and MannWhitney test were used for comparison between groups, and Spearman test was used for correlation analysis. Results: LogMAR BCVA in the IMEM group was 0.40(0.15, 0.70), in the control group was 0.10(0.05, 0.22). FAZ area of IMEM group was (0.09±0.05) mm(2), while that of control group was (0.34±0.13)mm(2).Compared with the control group, in IMEM group, the BCVA was worse (Z=-4.443, P<0.001), FAZ area was smaller (t=-9.198, P<0.001), RT was increased (P<0.001), The foveal DCP and SCP vessel density was increased (t=4.280, 9.079, P<0.01), The parafoveal DCP vessel density was decreased (P<0.05), The parafoveal SCP vessel density was decreased in superior, inferior and nasal side (t=-2.759, Z=-3.998, Z=-2.108; P<0.05). The BCVA was negatively correlated with FAZ area (r=-0.337, P=0.017), positively correlated with center macular thickness (r=0.324, P=0.020). The BCVA was no correlated with foveal VD and parafoveal DCP vessel density (P>0.05), but correlated with SCP vessel density(P<0.05). Conclusions: In the IMEM eyes the BCVA was worse, FAZ area was smaller, foveal vessel density was increased and the parafoveal vessel density was decreased compared with the normal eyes. The smaller the FAZ area, the smaller foveal SCP vessel density, the poorer BCVA. There was no correlation between BCVA and DCP vessel density. Changes in VD in IMEM eyes may lead to changes in vision. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2019, 55:757-762).


Assuntos
Membrana Epirretiniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Fóvea Central/irrigação sanguínea , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Angiografia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fóvea Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Acuidade Visual
11.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 624-625, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474048

RESUMO

Children with burns often have uncooperative behaviors such as crying and struggling when changing dressing because of pain and fear, which affects dressing change of medical staff and increases the psychological burden of the family members of children and dressing change personnel. In order to solve the above problems, the author's team designs and makes the mobile soothing screen for pediatric dressing change. Dressing change personnel are isolated from the children's sight through the screen's shielding function, and the children's favorite program showed on the tablet computer attracts the children's attention. The wound dressing change is completed by using the disposal window on the screen, which has good clinical application effects.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Queimaduras , Enfermagem Pediátrica/métodos , Criança , Desenho de Equipamento , Medo , Humanos , Dor Processual/prevenção & controle , Cooperação do Paciente
12.
Anim Genet ; 50(5): 475-483, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305959

RESUMO

Ten indigenous chicken breeds were originally distributed in Jiangxi Province, China, and they define a critical component of Chinese chicken genetic resources. We have investigated the population genetics of seven Jiangxi chicken breeds using 600K chicken BeadChip SNP data. To provide a genome-wide perspective for the population structure of all 10 Jiangxi chicken breeds, we herein genotyped 78 additional individuals from the seven breeds and 63 chickens from three uninvestigated breeds-Yugan Black (YG), Nancheng Black (NC) and Wanzai Yellow using 55K chicken SNP arrays. We then explored merged data of 17 101 SNPs from 235 individuals to infer the population structure of the 10 breeds. We showed that NC and YG are two regional populations of the same breed, as individuals from the two populations clustered together to form a branch separate from the other breeds in the neighbor-joining tree, they always grouped together in multidimensional principal component analyses and they displayed an identical pattern of ancestral lineage composition. Hence, NC and YG should be considered a single breed in the state-supported conservation scheme. Moreover, we conducted a genome scan for signatures of selection for black plumage. bayescan and hapflk analyses of two contrasting groups (three black-feathered breeds vs. six non-black-feathered breeds) consistently detected 25 putative regions under selection. Nine pigmentation- associated genes (DCT, SLC24A5, SLC30A4, MYO5A, CYP19A1, NADK2, SLC45A2, GNAQ and DCP2) reside within these regions, and these genes are interesting candidates for black plumage and provide a starting point for further identification of causative mutations for black feathers in chicken.


Assuntos
Galinhas/classificação , Galinhas/genética , Plumas/fisiologia , Animais , Galinhas/fisiologia , China , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Pigmentação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
13.
J Dent Res ; 98(8): 879-887, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282843

RESUMO

In epidemiologic studies, patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are classified mainly by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes. However, some patients are of an unclear subsite, the "gray zone" cases, which could reflect ICD coding error, absence of primary subsite, or extensive primary tumors that cross over multiple subsites of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Patients with gray zone squamous cell carcinomas were compared with patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) or oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and stratified by human papillomavirus (HPV) status that was determined by p16 immunostaining or HPV serology. Comparisons consisted of clinicodemographic features and prognostic outcomes presented by Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards regression models, reported as hazard ratios. There were 158 consecutive patients with gray zone HNSCC diagnosed at the Princess Margaret Cancer Center between 2006 and 2017: 66 had subsite coding discrepancies against the clinician's documentation ("discrepant" cases; e.g., the diagnosis by the clinician was OSCC, while the classification by ICD coding was OPSCC), while 92 were squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary of the head and neck (SCCUPHN) after complete diagnostic workup. Comparators included 721 consecutive OSCC and 938 OPSCC adult cases. All HPV-positive cohorts (OPSCC, discrepant, and SCCUPHN) had similar clinicodemographic characteristics and better 3- and 5-y overall survival and disease-free survival than their HPV-negative counterparts. In contrast, HPV-negative discrepant cases had prognostic outcomes most similar to HPV-negative OPSCC cases, while HPV-negative SCCUPHN had survival outcomes most similar to those of patients with OSCC in this study. HPV-positive status can improve the classification of patients with unclear or discrepant oral/oropharyngeal subsite, an improvement over classification systems that are solely clinician defined or conducted through ICD coding. However, due to clinical practice, we could not make definitive reclassification for patients with HPV-negative gray zone HNSCC.

14.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(5): 350-354, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060127

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate application and safety of pediatric interfacility-transport with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in China. Methods: The data of 48 patients transported inter-hospital from February 2016 to May 2018 were collected from the following 4 centers: pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated to the 7th Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, Pediatric Hospital of Fudan University, Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The data of patients' characteristics, ECMO mode and wean rate, and mortality were reviewed, which was further compared with the data of 57 compatible inner-hospital ECMO cases with t test, Rank sum test or chi-square test. Results: All the 48 interfacility-transports were accomplished by ambulance on land, with an average transfer distance of (435±422) km. The incidence of ECMO complications was 13% (6 case), without death. There were no significant differences in lactic acid, PaO(2) or SaO(2) before and after transport (4.0 (2.0, 7.5) vs. 3.0 (1.5, 6.0) mmol/L, Z=-1.579, P>0.05; 112(47, 405) vs. 166(122, 240) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), Z=-0.104, P>0.05; 0.97±0.02 vs. 0.96±0.03, t=1.570, P>0.05). Instead, PaCO(2) and pH were significantly different ((47±8) vs. (42±5) mmHg, t=2.687, P<0.05; 7.3±0.2 vs. 7.5±0.2, t=3.379, P<0.05). The total ECMO weaned rate was 73% (35/48) and the survival rate was 67% (32/48). No significant differences in demographic characteristics, ECMO mode or duration, transport distance or duration, or complications existed between the survival group and the death group (7/25 vs. 2/14, χ(2)=0.615, P>0.05; 4/28 vs. 2/14, χ(2)=0, P>0.05; (405±404) vs. (493±465) km, t=0.525, P>0.05; (5±4) vs. (5±5) h, t=0.388, P>0.05; 166 (128, 239) vs. 187(52, 405) h, Z=-0.104, P>0.05; 3/32 vs. 3/16, χ(2)=0.734, P>0.05). The lowest lactate value in survival group before ECMO transport was significantly lower than that in the death group ((5±5) vs. (8±6) mmol/L, t=2.151, P<0.05). There were neither significant differences in age, ECMO mode or support pattern (9/39 vs. 15/42, χ(2)=0.845, P>0.05; 6/42 vs. 7/50, χ(2)=0.001, P>0.05; 29/19 vs. 38/19, χ(2)=0.441, P>0.05), nor in ECMO weaned rate, survival rate or complications between interfacility-transport group and inner-hospital group (35/48 vs. 37/57, χ(2)=0.775, P>0.05; 32/48 vs. 35/57, χ(2)=0.313, P>0.05; 20/48 vs. 22/57, χ(2)=0.102, P>0.05). Conclusion: With appropriate transport equipment and mature teams who handle problems timely during the transport, critically ill children could be safely transported to the destination with ECMO.


Assuntos
Ambulâncias , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Transferência de Pacientes , Criança , China , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
HIV Med ; 20(7): 450-455, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In the late 1990s, when the current Russian opioid epidemic began, illicit opioids used in Russia consisted almost exclusively of heroin. The type of opioids used has evolved in the early 21st Century. The objective of this study was to describe the evolution of illicit opioid use among people living with HIV (PLWH) reporting recent opioid use in St Petersburg, Russia. METHODS: We examined baseline data from four research studies conducted in the period 2004-2015 that included PLWH who used opioids [Partnership to Reduce the Epidemic Via Engagement in Narcology Treatment (PREVENT; 2004-2005; n = 17), HIV Evolution in Russia-Mitigating Infection Transmission and Alcoholism in a Growing Epidemic (HERMITAGE; 2007-2010; n = 281), Linking Infectious and Narcology Care (LINC; 2013-2014; n = 119) and Russia Alcohol Research Collaboration on HIV/AIDS (Russia ARCH; 2012-2015; n = 121)] and reported recent use of heroin and other opioids. RESULTS: Although these studies spanned more than a decade, the participants represented similar birth cohorts; the mean age was 24.5 years in 2004 and 33.3 years in 2014. The use of opioid types, however, evolved across cohorts, with the use of any illicit drug other than heroin increasing from 6% [95% confidence interval (CI) 000.2, 29%] in PREVENT (2004-2005) to 30% (95% CI 25, 36%) in HERMITAGE (2007-2010) to 70% (95% CI 61, 78%) in LINC (2013-2014) to 77% (95% CI 68, 84%) in ARCH (2012-2015). Any heroin use consistently decreased over the 10-year period in the cohorts, from 100% (95% CI 80, 100%) in 2004-2005 to 54% (95% CI 44, 63%) in 2012-2015. CONCLUSIONS: Among PLWH who use opioids in St Petersburg, Russia, illicit use of opioids other than heroin appears to be more common than heroin use.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(12): 889-894, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917436

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinicopathologic features and prognostic of patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) superimposed on transplant glomerulopathy (TG+ IgAN). Methods: Electronic medical records of Jinling Hospital were searched for TG+ IgAN patients that was diagnosed during January 2004 to December 2016. Clinicopathologic features and prognoses information were retrieved and analyzed. The primary outcome was initiation of replacement therapy or an eGFR declined to<15 ml·min(-1)·(1.73m(2))(-1). Results: A total of 49 patients with pathologically confirmed TG+ IgAN were enrolled in this study. The median time from renal transplantation to allograft biopsy was 85 months. There were 131 patients with TG in the control group. There was no statistical difference in the age, gender, and immunosuppressive regimen during renal biopsy in the two groups. In TG+ IgAN patients, the median serum creatinine level was 175 µmol/L, the median urinary protein was 1.45 g/24 h, and 16.3% of the patients had nephrotic range proteinuria, the incidence of microscopic hematuria was 40.8%, and the average hemoglobin was 105 g/L. In terms of pathology, the degree of glomerular mesangial matrix hyperplasia in the TG+ IgAN group was significantly heavier compared with TG group (P=0.004), and the degree of hyaline degeneration of the small arteries was lighter (P=0.043). There was no significant difference in interstitial inflammation (i), tubulitis (t), glomerulitis (g), peritubular capillaritis (ptc) and intimal arteritis (v). Calculated by Kaplan-Meier method, the median survival time of 49 patients with TG+ IgAN was 36.9 months, and there was no difference in survival rate of allografts compared with TG group. Conclusions: Compared with TG patients without IgA, TG+ IgAN patients had higher incidence of microscopic hematuria, more severe glomerular mesangial matrix hyperplasia, and no significant differences in other clinicopathological features. The prognosis of TG+ IgAN patients was not significantly different from those without IgAN.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Biópsia , Humanos , Glomérulos Renais , Transplante de Rim , Prognóstico , Proteinúria
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 607, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723197

RESUMO

Topology-protected surface transport of ultimate thinness in three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs) is breaking new ground in quantum science and technology. Yet a challenge remains on how to disentangle and selectively control surface helical spin transport from the bulk contribution. Here we use the mid-infrared and terahertz (THz) photoexcitation of exclusive intraband transitions to enable ultrafast manipulation of surface THz conductivity in Bi2Se3. The unique, transient electronic state is characterized by frequency-dependent carrier relaxations that directly distinguish the faster surface channel than the bulk with no complication from interband excitations or need for reduced bulk doping. We determine the topological enhancement ratio between bulk and surface scattering rates, i.e., γBS/γSS ~3.80 in equilibrium. The ultra-broadband, wavelength-selective pumping may be applied to emerging topological semimetals for separation and control of the protected transport connected with the Weyl nodes from other bulk bands.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(1): 89-92, 2019 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669738

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the disease progression and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) gene polymorphism of HIV-infected persons without disease progress for long term, also known as long-term non-progressors (LTNPs), in Henan province. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 48 LTNPs with complete detection and follow-up information during 2011-2016 in Henan. Changes of CD(4)(+)T cells counts (CD(4)) and viral load (VL) during follow-up period were discussed. Polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe (PCR-SSOP) was used for the analyses of HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-DRB1 alleles between LTNPs and healthy controls. Results: From 2011 to 2016, forty-eight LTNPs showed a decrease of the quartile (P(25)-P(75)) of CD(4) from 601.00 (488.50-708.72)/µl to 494.00 (367.00-672.00)/µl, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). The increase of the quartile (P(25)-P(75)) of log(10)VL from 3.40 (2.87-3.97) to 3.48 (2.60-4.37), but the difference was not significant (P>0.05). HLA polymorphism analysis revealed that HLA-B*13:02 and HLA-B*40:06 were more common in LTNPs (P<0.05), while HLA-B*46:01 and HLA-DRB1*09:01 were more common in healthy controls (P<0.05). Conclusions: The CD(4) of LTNPs in Henan showed a downward trend year by year. HLA-B*13:02 and B*40:06 might be associated with delayed disease progression for HIV infected persons in Henan.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/genética , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , HIV-1/imunologia , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , HIV , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Viral
19.
Anim Genet ; 50(1): 82-86, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421435

RESUMO

Jiangxi province in China is rich in indigenous chicken breeds, which have diverse phenotypes and represent a valuable genetic resource for further genetic improvement of modern breeds. Here, we conducted a series of analyses to reveal genetic diversity, phylogenetic relationships and population structure of seven chicken breeds in Jiangxi province in the context of nine non-local chicken breeds, using 600K SNP data. We show that Jiangxi indigenous breeds have more abundant nucleotide diversity than do European local and commercial breeds. Among Jiangxi breeds, Dongxiang Blue-eggshell (DX) and Chongren Partride (CR) display remarkably reduced genetic diversity, as the two breeds exhibit increased inbreeding coefficients, runs of homozygosity, extent of linkage disequilibrium and reduced expected heterozygosity. DX, CR and Taihe Silkie (TH) represent three ancestral lineages of the Jiangxi chicken and display genetic differentiation from the other four Jiangxi breeds, which show a signature of admixture with European commercial breeds. These findings provide insight for the establishment of an efficient conservation program for Jiangxi chicken breeds. Considering the current status of genetic diversity and ancestral representativeness, particular attention should be paid to DX, CR and TH chickens.


Assuntos
Galinhas/genética , Variação Genética , Genética Populacional , Animais , Cruzamento , China , Homozigoto , Endogamia , Desequilíbrio de Ligação
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 275: 109-122, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30579101

RESUMO

Ever-increasing swine wastewater (SW) has become a serious environmental concern. High levels of nutrients and toxic contaminants in SW significantly impact on the ecosystem and public health. On the other hand, swine wastewater is considered as valuable water and nutrient source for microalgae cultivation. The potential for converting the nutrients from SW into valuable biomass and then generating bioenergy from it has drawn increasing attention. For this reason, this review comprehensively discussed the biomass production, SW treatment efficiencies, and bioenergy generation potentials through cultivating microalgae in SW. Microalgae species grow well in SW with large amounts of biomass being produced, despite the impact of various parameters (e.g., nutrients and toxicants levels, cultivation conditions, and bacteria in SW). Pollutants in SW can effectively be removed by harvesting microalgae from SW, and the harvested microalgae biomass elicits high potential for conversion to valuable bioenergy.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Biomassa , Microalgas/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias , Animais , Suínos
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