Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 220
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130541, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273855

RESUMO

Penicillium oxalicum has been used as a biocontrol fungus in agriculture for many years, but the antimicrobial substances are still uncertain. Herein, we isolated a linear peptide named Sanxiapeptin in the culture broth of Penicillium oxalicum SG-4 collecting from the Three Gorges riparian zone. Sanxiapeptin exhibited potent inhibitory effect on citrus green mold Penicillium digitatum, the main fungi responsible for postharvest decay. Sanxiapeptin was elucidated as composing of five amino acids, which were ß-amino-α-methoxybutyric acid (Amoba), N-Me-l-Thr, d-Thr, N-Me-l-Val and l-Ser. By analyzing three chemically synthesized oligopeptides with similar structures, we found that the first amino acid of Amoba was crucial to the antifungal activity, as was the methylation of peptide bond. Sanxiapeptin may act as an antimicrobial agent by affecting the function of cell membranes or walls. The antimicrobial spectrum, safety and stability analysis supported that Sanxiapeptin was a promising antifungal agent for citrus preservation.


Assuntos
Citrus , Penicillium , Frutas , Doenças das Plantas
2.
J Magn Reson ; 332: 107081, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653907

RESUMO

This article reports a simple, compact, and cost-effective electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometer for monitoring automobile lubrication oil degradation. Lubrication oil degradation strongly correlates with the concentration of stable free radicals caused by hydrocarbon chain decomposition due to heating. For the prototype spectrometer, the amplitude shift in a marginal oscillator output detects ESR absorption in a sample. The spectrometer's spin sensitivity of 2.3 × 1014 spins for a used oil sample was achieved using the marginal oscillator with a loop-gap resonator. For the prototype spectrometer, the oscillation frequency was 2.09 GHz. The volume of the prototype spectrometer was 1.3 L, including a permanent magnet, microwave circuits, and digital communication circuitry on printed circuit boards. The weight of the spectrometer setup was 1.45 kg. This prototype spectrometer successfully detected the ESR signal from a 50 µL oil sample (spin concentration 8.3 x1019 spins/L) with a signal-to-noise ratio of 37 and an acquisition time of 30 s.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687144

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) is a major disease of the genitourinary tract, and chemotherapy is one of the main treatments commonly used at present. SC66 is a new type of allosteric AKT inhibitor that is reported to play an effective inhibitory role in the progression of many other types of tumours, but there is no reported research on its role in BC. In this study, we found that SC66 significantly inhibited the proliferation and EMT-mediated migration and invasion of T24 and 5637 cells. In addition, experiments confirmed that SC66 achieved its antitumour effect by inducing cell apoptosis and affecting the cell cycle. Luciferase assays confirmed that SC66 exerted an antitumour effect through the AKT/ß-catenin signalling pathway, and this inhibitory effect was reversed after the addition of the ß-catenin signalling pathway activator, CHIR-99021. In addition, animal studies have shown that, compared with the control group, the experimental group with SC66 intraperitoneal injection showed significantly reduced the tumour weight and volume in nude mice with T24 tumours and that SC66 combined with cisplatin achieved better inhibition on tumours. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry staining confirmed that SC66 inhibited the EMT process in vivo and induced apoptosis through the AKT/ß-catenin signalling pathway. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that SC66 exerts a significant antitumour effect through the AKT/ß-catenin signalling pathway, thereby providing a new potential treatment for BC.

4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(20): 9767-9783, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547172

RESUMO

Renal ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury may induce kidney damage and dysfunction, in which oxidative stress and apoptosis play important roles. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) are reported to be closely related to renal I/R, but the specific molecular mechanism is still unclear. The purpose of this research was to explore the regulatory effect of lncRNA TUG1 on oxidative stress and apoptosis in renal I/R injury. This research revealed that in renal I/R injury and hypoxia/reperfusion (H/R) injury in vitro, the expression level of lncRNA TUG1 was upregulated, and oxidative stress levels and apoptosis levels were negatively correlated with the expression level of lncRNA TUG1. Using bioinformatics databases such as TargetScan and microRNA.org, microRNA-144-3p (miR-144-3p) was predicted to be involved in the association between lncRNA TUG1 and Nrf2. This study confirmed that the level of miR-144-3p was significantly reduced following renal I/R injury and H/R injury in vitro, and miR-144-3p was determined to target Nrf2 and inhibit its expression. In addition, lncRNA TUG1 can reduce the inhibitory effect of miR-144-3p on Nrf2 by sponging miR-144-3p. In summary, our research shows that lncRNA TUG1 regulates oxidative stress and apoptosis during renal I/R injury through the miR-144-3p/Nrf2 axis, which may be a new treatment target for renal I/R injury.

5.
Theranostics ; 11(18): 8660-8673, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522205

RESUMO

Rationale: Ureteral obstruction-induced hydronephrosis is associated with renal fibrosis and progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). Exosome-mediated cell-cell communication has been suggested to be involved in various diseases, including renal fibrosis. However, little is known regarding how exosomes regulate renal fibrosis in obstructed kidneys. Methods: We first examined the secretion of exosomes in UUO (unilateral ureteral obstruction) mouse kidneys and TGF-ß1-stimulated tubular epithelial cells (NRK-52E). Exosomes from NRK-52E cells were subsequently harvested and incubated with fibroblasts (NRK-49F) or injected into UUO mice via the tail vein. We next constructed Rab27a knockout mice to further confirm the role of exosome-mediated epithelial-fibroblast communication relevant to renal fibrosis in UUO mice. High-throughput miRNA sequencing was performed to detect the miRNA profiles of TGFß1-Exos. The roles of candidate miRNAs, their target genes and relevant pathways were predicted and assessed in vitro and in vivo by setting specific miRNA mimic, miRNA inhibitor, siRNA or miRNA LNA groups. Results: Increased renal fibrosis was associated with prolonged UUO days, and the secretion of exosomes was markedly increased in UUO kidneys and TGF-ß1-stimulated NRK-52E cells. Purified exosomes from TGF-ß1-stimulated NRK-52E cells could activate fibroblasts and aggravate renal fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the inhibition of exosome secretion by Rab27a knockout or GW4869 treatment abolished fibroblast activation and ameliorated renal fibrosis. Exosomal miR-21 was significantly increased in TGFß1-Exos compared with Ctrl-Exos, and PTEN is a certain target of miR-21. The promotion or inhibition of epithelial exosomal miR-21 correspondingly accelerated or abolished fibroblast activation in vitro, and renal fibrosis after UUO was alleviated by miR-21-deficient exosomes in vivo through the PTEN/Akt pathway. Conclusion: Our findings reveal that exosomal miR-21 from tubular epithelial cells may accelerate the development of renal fibrosis by activating fibroblasts via the miR-21/PTEN/Akt pathway in obstructed kidneys.

6.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 99: 108022, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339961

RESUMO

Cisplatin is a highly effective and broad-spectrum anticancer drug for the clinical treatment of solid tumors. However, it causes acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with cancer. Consequently, its clinical application is limited. The occurrence, development, and prognosis of AKI are closely associated with microRNA (miRNA), which needs validation as a biomarker, especially for the early stages of cisplatin-induced AKI. An example of miRNA is miR-132-3p, which plays important roles in inflammatory responses, cell proliferation, and apoptosis in a variety of diseases. However, variations in its expression, potential mechanisms, and downstream targets in cisplatin-induced AKI remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the functions of miR-132-3p in cisplatin-induced AKI. Sequencing and qRT-PCR revealed that miR-132-3p was significantly upregulated in cisplatin-induced AKI models of mouse and human proximal renal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells. Apoptosis and inflammatory responses were significantly suppressed by the inhibition of the miR-132-3p expression in cisplatin-stimulated HK-2 cells, and this suppression was blocked by miR-132-3p mimics. Bioinformatics and dual luciferase reporter gene assay identified the 3'- UTR of SIRT1 mRNA as a direct target of miR-132-3p. RNA-FISH and immunofluorescence co-localization demonstrated that miR-132-3p and SIRT1 directly combined and interacted in the cytoplasm of HK-2 cells. Mechanistically, the SIRT1 expression was suppressed and the NF-κB signaling pathway was activated by the upregulation of miR-132-3p in cisplatin-induced AKI. By contrast, the SIRT1 expression was upregulated after the inhibition of miR-132-3p. The ratios of p-p65/p65 and p-IκBα/IκBα were significantly reduced, and the expression levels of inflammatory biomarkers and apoptotic proteins induced by cisplatin were obviously attenuated. Our results suggested that miR-132-3p exacerbated cisplatin-induced AKI by negatively regulating SIRT1 and activating the NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, targeting miR-132-3p might be a potential adjuvant therapy for ameliorating AKI in cisplatin-treated patients.

7.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(14): 1141, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430582

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the efficiency of endodontic retreatment using different instruments and observe whether the Nd:YAP laser can assist. Methods: Eighty premolars were selected, of which the root canals were prepared, and were filled with both gutta-percha and AH plus. The teeth were randomly divided into eight groups, respectively using and not using the Nd:YAP laser with the use of H files, Reciproc files, Mtwo R files, and Mtwo R + H files to remove the root-canal filling material. The retreatment time of each sample was recorded, and the amount of residual gutta-percha was calculated by Image J. Results: (I) In the four no-Nd:YAP laser groups, the Mtwo R group and Reciproc group took the least time, and there was no statistical difference between them (P>0.05). The Mtwo R + H file group took longer than the Mtwo R group and Reciproc group (P<0.05). The H file group took the longest time (P<0.05). (II) In the Nd:YAP laser group, the H file group took the longest time (P<0.05), and there were no significant statistical difference between the other three groups (P>0.05). (III) The Nd:YAP laser groups took a longer time than the no-Nd:YAP laser groups (P<0.05). (IV) All of the groups had residues. (V) The residues in the Mtwo R + H files group and the Reciproc group were the least among the four groups (P<0.05), and the residues in the Mtwo R group were the most (P<0.05). (VI) The residues in the Mtwo R and H file groups of the Nd:YAP laser groups were less than those of the no-Nd:YAP laser groups (P<0.05), and the residues in the Reciproc and the Mtwo R + H file groups of the Nd:YAP laser group showed no statistical difference with that of the no-Nd:YAP laser group (P>0.05). Conclusions: None of the experimental methods could altogether remove the root-filling material. The Nd:YAP laser could assist, but the procedure still took a long time and the efficiency of endodontic retreatment was limited. Using the Mtwo R + H or Reciproc file was the most efficient.

8.
Urol Int ; : 1-6, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a randomized controlled trial comparing the outcomes of different access sizes used in the solo ultrasonic-guided minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL). METHODS: From January 2018 to December 2019, a total of 160 cases with single renal stones of <25 mm were randomized to undergo mini-PCNLs with Fr16, Fr18, Fr20, or Fr22 accesses. All accesses were established with the axis of the target calyx as the marker for puncture location and then expanded to the desired size. Hemoglobin reduction, operative time, stone-free rate, complications, etc., were all recorded and assessed. RESULTS: The demographic data were similar, and there were no significantly intergroup differences in stone-free rate, complications, and hospital stay time. The hemoglobin reduction was comparable and was 0.9 ± 0.6, 0.9 ± 0.7, 1.0 ± 0.5, and 1.1 ± 0.7 g/dL for the groups Fr16, Fr18, Fr20, and Fr22, respectively. The operative time was 53.4 ± 14.5, 48.5 ± 15.2, 42.8 ± 13.3, and 43.3 ± 13.1 min for the 4 groups, which decreased significantly from group Fr16 to Fr20, but there was no significant difference between Fr20 and Fr22 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The axis of target calyx is a reliable marker for establishment of percutaneous renal access under ultrasonic guidance. The surgical outcomes of different access sizes were comparable, but the operation time was significantly shortened with the increase of size. However, Fr22 was not more efficient than Fr20.

9.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 671613, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222244

RESUMO

Increasing evidence shows that the abnormal long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression is closely related to ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) progression. Studies have previously described that lncRNA MEG3 regulates pyroptosis in various organs I/R. Nevertheless, the related mechanisms of MEG3 in testicular I/R has not been clarified. The aim of this research is to unravel underlying mechanisms of the regulation of pyroptosis mediated by MEG3 during testicular I/R. We have established a testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D) model and an oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R)-treated spermatogenic cell model. Testicular ischemic injury was assessed by H&E staining. Western blotting, quantitative real-time PCR, MDA, and SOD tests and immunohistochemistry measured the expression of MEG3 and related proteins and the level of ROS production in testicular tissues. Quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting determined the relative expression of MEG3, miR-29a, and relevant proteins in GC-1. Cell viability and cytotoxicity were measured by CCK-8 and LDH assays. Secretion and expression levels of inflammatory proteins were determined by ELISA, immunofluorescence and western blotting. The interaction among MEG3, miR-29a, and PTEN was validated through a dual luciferase reporter assay and Ago2-RIP. In this research, we identified that MEG3 was upregulated in animal specimens and GC-1. In loss of function or gain of function assays, we verified that MEG3 could promote pyroptosis. Furthermore, we found that MEG3 negatively regulated miR-29a expression at the posttranscriptional level and promoted PTEN expression, and further promoted pyroptosis. Therefore, we explored the interaction among MEG3, miR-29a and PTEN and found that MEG3 directly targeted miR-29a, and miR-29a targeted PTEN. Overexpression of miR-29a effectively eliminated the upregulation of PTEN induced by MEG3, indicating that MEG3 regulates PTEN expression by targeting miR-29a. In summary, our research indicates that MEG3 contributes to pyroptosis by regulating miR-29a and PTEN during testicular I/R, indicating that MEG3 may be a potential therapeutic target in testicular torsion.

10.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 20(11): 1275-1289, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187265

RESUMO

Introduction: Existing oral prophylaxis for chronic migraine (CM) are often ineffective or poorly tolerated. OnabotulinumtoxinA (onabotA) is approved for headache prophylaxis in CM and ameliorates headaches in patients refractory to multiple preventatives.Areas covered: We appraise evidence regarding action mechanisms, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics of onabotA in CM prophylaxis. We critically evaluate salient clinical and real-world studies demonstrating its efficacy in improving multiple aspects of CM. We discuss onabotA safety, tolerability, and adverse events (AEs) for CM prophylaxis from clinical trials, post-authorization studies and meta-analyses, including novel pregnancy safety data and comparisons with oral prophylactics. We explore areas of future interest, particularly onabotA safety and efficacy in the context of novel antibody-based prophylaxis.Expert opinion: Clinical and real-world evidence demonstrate onabotA safety, tolerability and efficacy for CM prophylaxis. Most AEs are mild/moderate and self-limiting, with few serious AEs and no treatment-related deaths. Common AEs include neck pain, ptosis, muscle weakness, and stiffness. Modifying existing responder-criteria enables more patients to benefit from onabotA. OnabotA shows superior safety and efficacy to oral preventatives, and appears safe in pregnancy. Future pregnancy-risk register will clarify pregnancy and lactation safety further. Future research comparing onabotA safety and efficacy with newly emergent antibody-based prophylaxis is keenly awaited.

11.
Hematol Oncol Clin North Am ; 35(3): 613-632, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33958154

RESUMO

At diagnosis, more than 70% of bladder cancers (BCs) are at the non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) stages, which are usually treated with transurethral resection followed by intravesical instillation. For the remaining advanced cancers, systemic therapy is the standard of care, with addition of radical cystectomy in cases of locally advanced cancer. Because of the difference in treatment modalities, different models are needed to advance the care of NMIBC and advanced BC. This article gives a comprehensive review of both in vitro and in vivo BC models and compares the advantages and drawbacks of these preclinical systems in BC research.

12.
Int J Mol Med ; 47(6)2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907827

RESUMO

NF­κB inhibitor ζ (NFKBIZ), a member of the IκB family that interacts with NF­κB, has been reported to be an important regulator of inflammation, cell proliferation and survival. However, the role of NFKBIZ in bladder cancer (BC) remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the functions of NFKBIZ in BC. First, the expression levels of NFKBIZ and the associations between NFKBIZ expression and the clinical survival of patients were determined using BC tissue samples, BC cell lines and datasets from different databases. Two BC cell lines (T24 and 5637) were selected to overexpress NFKBIZ, and the proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities of cells were determined; additionally, tumor growth following transplantation in in vivo mouse models was analyzed using T24 cells overexpressing NFKBIZ. Subsequently, the association between NFKBIZ and PTEN was determined using data from databases and immunohistochemistry analysis of clinical and nude mice tumor tissues. Finally, the interactions between NFKBIZ, PTEN and the downstream PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway were evaluated using western blotting. In conclusion, the present results indicated that NFKBIZ expression was low in BC, and NFKBIZ inhibited the proliferation of BC cells through the PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, suggesting that NFKBIZ may represent a novel prognostic biomarker in BC and may provide a potential therapeutic tumor­associated antigen for BC.

13.
Am J Infect Control ; 49(4): 484-488, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771325

RESUMO

In China, the COVID-19 epidemic has had a definite turning point under the nationwide efforts to combat it. The battle against the epidemic has lasted for more than one and a half months and will continue in the short term. Severe infectious risks, massive consumption of medical personnel and materials bring unprecedented challenges to the treatment of non-COVID-19 with emergency and severe cases. To improve the management of emergency and severe cases of non-COVID-19 during the epidemic period, attention should be paid not only to "cure" but also to "prevent." Through the prehospital triage and in-hospital buffer, this paper provides the admission and treatment experience for emergency and severe cases of non-COVID-19, expecting to provide a valuable reference for saving more patients during the outbreak of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , SARS-CoV-2 , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Humanos , Triagem/métodos
14.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667171

RESUMO

In recent years, multiobjective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs) have been demonstrated to show promising performance in feature selection (FS) tasks. However, designing an MOEA for high-dimensional FS is more challenging due to the curse of dimensionality. To address this problem, in this article, a steering-matrix-based multiobjective evolutionary algorithm, called SM-MOEA, is proposed. In SM-MOEA, a steering matrix is suggested and harnessed to guide the evolution of the population, which not only improves the search efficiency greatly but also obtains the feature subsets with high quality. Specifically, each element SM(i, j) in the steering matrix SM reflects the probability of the jth feature that is selected in the ith individual (feature subset), which is generated by considering the importance of both the feature j and the individual i. Based on the suggested steering matrix, two important operators referred to as dimensionality reduction and individual repairing operators are developed to effectively steer the population evolution in each generation. In addition, an effective initialization and update strategy for the steering matrix is also designed to further improve the performance of SM-MOEA. The experimental results on 12 high-dimensional datasets with the number of features ranging from 3000 to 13,000 demonstrate the superiority of the proposed algorithm over several state-of-the-art algorithms (including single-objective and MOEAs for high-dimensional FS) in terms of both the number and quality of the selected features.

15.
Exp Ther Med ; 21(4): 368, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33732341

RESUMO

Psoralen is an effective active component extracted from Psoraleacorylifolia, which can promote bone formation in osteoporotic animals. However, to the best of our knowledge, its effect on fracture healing has not yet been examined. In the present study, open femur fractures were created in ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporotic mice. OVX mice were treated with psoralen (psoralen+OVX group) or physiological saline (OVX group) by oral gavage. Radiographic and histological results demonstrated progressed callus consolidation in the psoralen+OVX group compared with the OVX group after 10 and 21 days of treatment. Qualitative histological analysis showed that the number of osteoclasts was significantly reduced in the psoralen+OVX group after treatment. Moreover, reverse transcription-quantitative PCR analysis of callus samples showed increased expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and osteoprotegerin (OPG), and decreased expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) at 10 and 21 days post injury in the psoralen+OVX group compared with the OVX group. Furthermore, western blot analysis showed that psoralen significantly increased the expression of estrogen receptor (ER)-α, but had no effect on ER-ß expression; these results were further confirmed by immunohistochemistry. To conclude, these results indicated that psoralen may promote callus formation and inhibit osteoclast genesis by increasing BMP-2 and ER-α levels, and OPG/RANKL ratio. Consequently, psoralen could be a possible treatment for osteoporotic fracture-related complications.

16.
Cancer Res ; 81(12): 3270-3282, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771897

RESUMO

Current clinical trials of combined EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapies show no additional effect. This raises questions regarding whether EGFR-TKIs attenuate ICB-enhanced CD8+ T lymphocyte function. Here we show that the EGFR-TKI afatinib suppresses CD8+ T lymphocyte proliferation, and we identify CAD, a key enzyme of de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis, to be a novel afatinib target. Afatinib reduced tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte numbers in Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC)-bearing mice. Early afatinib treatment inhibited CD8+ T lymphocyte proliferation in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, but their proliferation unexpectedly rebounded following long-term treatment. This suggests a transient immunomodulatory effect of afatinib on CD8+ T lymphocytes. Sequential treatment of afatinib with anti-PD1 immunotherapy substantially enhanced therapeutic efficacy in MC38 and LLC-bearing mice, while simultaneous combination therapy showed only marginal improvement over each single treatment. These results suggest that afatinib can suppress CD8+ T lymphocyte proliferation by targeting CAD, proposing a timing window for combined therapy that may prevent the dampening of ICB efficacy by EGFR-TKIs. SIGNIFICANCE: This study elucidates a mechanism of afatinib-mediated immunosuppression and provides new insights into treatment timing for combined targeted therapy and immunotherapy. GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/canres/81/12/3270/F1.large.jpg.

17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560588

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer, with a high recurrence rate and metastasis capacity. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been suggested to act as the critical regulator in several diseases. This study is designed to investigate the role of circCSNK1G3 on RCC progression. We observed a highly expression of circCSNK1G3 in RCC tissues compared with normal tissues. The aberrantly circCSNK1G3 promoted the tumour growth and metastasis in RCC. In the subsequent mechanism investigation, we discovered that the tumour-promoting effects of circCSNK1G3 were, at least partly, achieved by up-regulating miR-181b. Increased miR-181b inhibits several tumour suppressor gene, including CYLD, LATS2, NDRG2 and TIMP3. Furthermore, the decreased TIMP3 leads to the enhanced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, thus promoting the cancer metastasis. In conclusion, we identified the oncogenic role of circCSNK1G3 in RCC progression and demonstrated the regulatory role of circCSNK1G3 induced miR-181b expression, which leads to TIMP3-mediated EMT process, thus resulting in tumour growth and metastasis in RCC. This study reveals the promise of circCSNK1G3 to be developed as a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in the clinic. And the roles of circCSNK1G3 in cancer research deserve further investigation.

18.
ACS Nano ; 15(3): 4561-4575, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629830

RESUMO

In accordance with the fourth industrial revolution (4IR), thin-film all-solid-state batteries (TF-ASSBs) are being revived as the most promising energy source to power small electronic devices. However, current TF-ASSBs still suffer from the perpetual necessity of high-performance battery components. While every component, a series of a TF solid electrolyte (i.e., lithium phosphorus oxynitride (LiPON)) and electrodes (cathode and Li metal anode), has been considered vital, the lack of understanding of and ability to ameliorate the cathode (or anode)-electrolyte interface (CEI) (or AEI) has impeded the development of TF-ASSBs. In this work, we suggest an ensemble design of TF-ASSBs using LiPON (500 nm), an amorphous TF-V2O5-x cathode with oxygen vacancies (Ovacancy), a thin evaporated Li anode (evp-Li) with a thickness of 1 µm, and an artificial ultrathin Al2O3 layer between evp-Li and LiPON. Well-defined Ovacancy sites, such as O(II)vacancy and O(III)vacancy, in amorphous TF-V2O5-x not only allow isotropic Li+ diffusion at the CEI but also enhance both the ionic and electronic conductivities. For the AEI, we employed protective Al2O3, which was specially sputtered using the facing target sputtering (FTS) method to form a homogeneous layer without damage from plasma. In regard to the contact with evp-Li, interfacial stability, electrochemical impedance, and battery performance, the nanometric Al2O3 layers (1 nm) were optimized at different temperatures (40, 60, and 80 °C). The TF-ASSB cell containing Al2O3 (1 nm) delivers a high specific capacity of 474.01 mAh cm-3 under 60 °C at 2 C for the 400th cycle, and it achieves a long lifespan as well as ultrafast rate capability levels, even at 100 C; these results were comparable to those of TF Li-ion battery cells using a liquid electrolyte. We demonstrated the reaction mechanism at the AEI utilizing time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for a better understanding. Our design provides a signpost for future research on the rational structure of TF-LIBs.

19.
Audiol Res ; 11(1): 38-46, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33525531

RESUMO

Temporal acuity is the ability to differentiate between sounds based on fluctuations in the waveform envelope. The proximity of successive sounds and background noise diminishes the ability to track rapid changes between consecutive sounds. We determined whether a physiological correlate of temporal acuity is also affected by these factors. We recorded the auditory brainstem response (ABR) from human listeners using a harmonic complex (S1) followed by a brief tone burst (S2) with the latter serving as the evoking signal. The duration and depth of the silent gap between S1 and S2 were manipulated, and the peak latency and amplitude of wave V were measured. The latency of the responses decreased significantly as the duration or depth of the gap increased. The amplitude of the responses was not affected by the duration or depth of the gap. These findings suggest that changing the physical parameters of the gap affects the auditory system's ability to encode successive sounds.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 773: 145601, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588220

RESUMO

Since the process of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) coupled with ferric iron reduction (termed Feammox) was discovered, it has been observed in various natural environments. However, besides the vertical distribution of Feammox in paddy soils, its differences and relationships with traditional nitrogen loss processes, including denitrification and anammox, remain unclear. Here, we studied the distribution of nitrogen loss pathways in different layers (0-50 cm) of paddy soil in southeastern China using 15N isotope tracer technology and molecular analysis. Our study showed that denitrification had a rate of 2.19 ± 0.39 mg N·kg-1·d-1, which was the highest activity in the surface layer (0-10 cm). The activities of anammox and Feammox reached peak values in the 10-20 cm (1.13 ± 0.16 mg N·kg-1·d-1) and 20-30 cm (0.23 ± 0.02 mg N·kg-1·d-1) soil layer, respectively. The nitrogen loss in the surface layer was more serious than that in the deep layer under paddy cultivation. In this study, denitrification was the main nitrogen loss pathway in the surface soil, but Feammox became an important nitrogen loss pathway (up to 26.1%) in the 20-40 cm depth. Overall, our research could improve and perfect the nitrogen cycle pathways in paddy soil.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Solo , Anaerobiose , China , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise , Oxirredução
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...