Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 27
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 138: 111521, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311525

RESUMO

Euphorbiae pekinensis Radix (EP) is effective in treating various diseases, but it's toxicity is a major obstacle in use in clinical. Although EP was processed with vinegar to reduce it's toxicity, the detailed mechanism of toxicity in EP have not been clearly delineated. This study investigate the toxicity attenuation-mechanism of Euphorbiae pekinensis after being processed with vinegar (VEP) and the toxic mechanism of four compounds from EP on zebrafish embryos. The contents of four compounds decreased obviously in VEP. Correspondingly, slower development on embryos can be seen as some symptoms like reduction of heart rate, liver area and gastrointestinal peristalsis after exposed to the compounds. Some obvious pathological signals such as pericardial edema and yolk sac edema were observed. Furthermore, the compounds could increase the contents of MDA and GSH-PX and induce oxidative damage by inhibiting the activity of SOD. Also, four compounds could provoke apoptosis by up-regulating the expression level of p53, MDM2, Bax, Bcl-2 and activating the activity of caspase-3, caspase-9. In conclusion, the four compounds play an important role in the toxicity attenuation effects of VEP, which may be related to the apoptosis induction and oxidative damage. This would contribute to the clinical application and further toxicity-reduction mechanism research.


Assuntos
Euphorbia/toxicidade , Trato Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/patologia , Euphorbia/química , Trato Gastrointestinal/embriologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Coração/embriologia , Fígado/embriologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
2.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749258

RESUMO

Imidazolium-based ionic liquids have been widely applied in the synthesis of organic hybrid chalcogenidometalates, while the other types of ionic liquids are rarely tried. Reported here is the first application of a pyridinium-based ionic liquid in the preparation of two main-group heterometallic selenides featuring isomorphic three-dimensional frameworks. Of particular interest is that three gallium-tin selenides possessing another type of three-dimensional framework have been prepared by replacing the pyridinium-based ionic liquid with imidalolium-based ionic liquids under the same reaction conditions.

3.
Analyst ; 146(5): 1620-1625, 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599635

RESUMO

Nanoparticles are often used to serve as drug delivery systems to improve the therapeutic efficacy of some hydrophobic drugs. In this work, PEG and peptide-modified titanium phosphate nanoparticles (TiP-PEG/peptide) were synthesized to enhance the drug delivery efficacy of tirucalla-8,24-diene-3ß,11ß-diol-7-one (KS-01), a major bioactive and hydrophobic component extracted from Euphorbia kansui. This drug delivery system with a loading efficiency of about 29.8 mg KS-01/1 g TiP-PEG/peptide exerted a significantly lower cell viability rate of MCF-7 than free KS-01, indicating that these carriers can effectively increase the therapeutic efficacy by improving its water solubility. Moreover, according to the fluorescence intensity of FAM which can be generated by caspase-3 cleaving DEVD-embedded peptide, the caspase-3 level could be determined and the therapeutic efficacy could be visualized in real time.


Assuntos
Euphorbia , Nanopartículas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Portadores de Fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato , Polietilenoglicóis , Titânio
4.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(3): 192-197, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of Radix Kansui (RK) stir-fried with vinegar (VRK) decreased hepatotoxicity in mice. METHODS: According to a random number table, 40 mice were randomly divided into negative control group (0.5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium, 20 mL/kg), positive control group (0.1% mixture of carbon tetrachloride in soybean oil, 20 mL/kg), RK group (the ethyl acetate extracts of RK, 250 g crude drug/kg) and VRK group (the ethyl acetate extracts of VRK, 250 g crude drug/kg) with 10 mice per group. All mice were administered orally by gavage daily for 7 continuous days. The morphology of liver tissues was examined to assess the liver injury by a transmission electron microscope. Hepatocyte apoptosis in vivo was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nickend labeling (TUNEL) assay. Immunohistochemical technique was adopted to detect the expression of particular antiapoptotic and proapoptotic proteins in the mitochondrial pathways, including B-cell lymphoma (Bcl-2) and caspase-3, as well as the expression of inflammatory mediators, including nuclear factor kappa B (NF- κ B) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). RESULTS: Liver injury and hepatocyte apoptosis were observed in RK mice, and the liver injury were significantly reduced in VRK-treated mice. In immunohistochemistry study, compared with the negative control group, RK inhibited dramatically the Bcl-2 protein expression and significantly increased the expression of caspase-3, NF- κ B and ICAM-1 (all P<0.01). Compared with the RK group, VRK group induced significant increase on Bcl-2 protein expression, and decreased the caspase-3, NF- κ B and ICAM-1 protein expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The mechanism of reduced hepatotoxicity of VRK may be associated with the reduced inflammation, regulation of antiapoptotic and proapoptotic mediators in the mitochondrial pathway.

5.
Transl Pediatr ; 9(3): 231-236, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32775241

RESUMO

Background: Our study aimed to explore the anxiety levels and possible associated factors in the pediatric medical staff in Jiangsu province during an outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: Pediatric medical staff (n=534) from nine hospitals in Jiangsu province were enrolled. Their anxiety levels and quality of sleep were assessed using the online SAS and PSQI questionnaires. Results: The prevalence of anxiety was 14.0% among the medical staff. In children's hospital staff, anxiety levels in outpatient and emergency departments were significantly higher than those in inpatient departments, except for the intensive care unit. The SAS scores were significantly associated with educational background, professional title, lifestyle, and physical condition. Stepwise multiple linear regression showed that physical condition, lifestyle, attention to the epidemic, professional title, and educational background all had a linear relationship with the individual's anxiety levels. Pearson correlation analysis showed that sleep quality was moderately associated with anxiety levels. Conclusions: The prevalence of anxiety was 14.0% in pediatric medical staff in Jiangsu province during an outbreak of COVID-19. Department, professional title, and educational background were associated with anxiety levels in these workers. More attention should be paid to staff who are in poor health, and this anxiety can also be accompanied by poor sleep quality. Peer support can assist with anxiety relief.

6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1490-1496, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of multiple protein expressions and clinical features on the threapeutic effect and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: The clinical data of 68 DLBCL patients were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The clinical staging was performed according to Ann Arbor staging; the risk grading was performed by IPI index; the DLBCL typing (germinal center and non-germinal center) was performed according to B cell source; the expression of Ki67,BCL-2, BCL-6, C-MYC, MUM1 and CD10 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry method; the patients were divided into R-CHOP group(50 cases) and CHOP group(18 cases) according to chemotherapy regimen of using rituximab or not; finally, the related factors affecting the prognosis of patients(PFS and OS) were analysed statistically by using SPSS 22.0 software according to sex, age, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) and use of rituximab or no, as well as the above-mentioned clinical indicators. RESULTS: IPI grade high-risk, elevated LDH, positive expression of BCL-2 protein and negative expression of BCL-6 protein were independent prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS); elevated LDH and negative expression of BCL-6 protein were independent prognostic factors for overall survival time (OS); multivariate analysis showed that elevated LDH and positive expression of BCL-2 protein were independent prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS). The overall survival time (OS) associated with ESR, IPI classification and BCL-6 protein expression. CONCLUSION: The expression of BCL-2 and BCL-6 protein and some clinical features can be used as predictors of clinical efficacy for DLBCL. Choosing the treatment regimen combined with ritu-ximab can further improve the survival and prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6 , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 245: 112109, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395303

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Eclipta prostrata, a traditional herbal medicine, has long been used in Asia and South America for the therapy of hemorrhagic diseases (e.g. hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematuria, epistaxis and uterine bleeding), skin diseases, respiratory disorders, coronary heart disease, hair loss, vitiligo, snake bite and those caused by the deficiency of liver and kidney. AIM OF THE REVIEW: In this review, we highlight relatively comprehensive and up-to-date information of E. prostrata on traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicity, along with featuring the gaps in current knowledge, aiming to provide references for future research and possible opportunities for well applications of this medicinal plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on E. prostrata was gathered from scientific databases (Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scifinder, Baidu Scholar, PubMed and CNKI). Information was also obtained from local books, Ph.D. theses and M.Sc. dissertations and Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The plant taxonomy was validated by the database "The Plant List". RESULTS: Various phytochemical classes has been identified and isolated from the plant covering triterpenes, flavonoids, thiopenes, coumestans, steroids and others. Among these, coumestans are reported as the most common ingredients. The isolated crude extracts and individual compounds have been reported to exhibit promising pharmacological properties, such as hepatoprotective, osteoprotective, cytotoxic, hypoglycaemic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, hypolipidemic, promoting hair growth, rejuvenative and neuroprotective effects. CONCLUSIONS: Until now, significant progress has been witnessed in phytochemistry and pharmacology of E. prostrata. Thus, some traditional uses has been well supported and clarified by modern pharmacological studies. Moreover, E. prostrata also showed therapeutic potential in some refractory diseases such as cancer, dementia and diabetes. But, present findings are still insufficient that cannot satisfactorily explain some mechanisms of action. More well-designed studies in vitro especially in vivo are required to establish links between the traditional uses and bioactivities, discover new skeletons and activity molecules, as well as ensure safety before clinical use.


Assuntos
Eclipta , Animais , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade
8.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 237, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316949

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis, which leads to 20% of sufferers developing coronary artery aneurysm in children if not appropriately treated. Therefore, the early diagnosis of KD is essential for alleviating the risk of developing heart disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a large class of small non-coding RNAs which post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression and have been shown to play critical roles in numerous biological processes and diseases. In this study, we used high-throughput miRNA sequencing and found dozens of miRNAs are highly expressed in platelets. By comparing the miRNA expression profile of platelets of acute KD patients and other febrile patients, miR-222-3p is validated to be significantly upregulated in platelets of acute KD patients. Furthermore, KEGG pathway analysis shows that targets of miR-222-3p are enriched in immune-related signaling pathways. Our study uncovers the potential of miR-222-3p in platelets as biomarker for early diagnosis of Kawasaki disease.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 48(27): 10199-10209, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192327

RESUMO

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have attracted extensive attention in the field of material synthesis as green solvents. They have similar physical and chemical properties to the traditional ionic liquids (ILs) while being much cheaper and more environmentally friendly. Herein, seven transition metal-organic frameworks, namely [NH4][Zn(BTC)(NH3)2]·H2O (1), [Cu(PDC)(NH3)] (2), [Co(H2BTC)2(e-urea)2]·(e-urea)·1/4H2O (3), K0.63(NH4)0.37[Mn(PZDC)] (4), [NH4][Mn(BTC)(H2O)] (5), [CH3NH3][Mn3(HBTC)2(BTC)·3H2O (6), and [Co3(BTC)2(urea)2]·2H2O (7), were synthesized in deep eutectic solvents of choline chloride and urea/e-urea/m-urea (H3BTC = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid; H2PDC = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid; H2PZDC = 3,5-pyrazoledicarboxylic acid; e-urea = ethylene urea; m-urea = N,N-dimethylurea). Of particular interest is the fact that the utilization of different hydrogen bond donors in DES mixtures can lead to the formation of different frameworks. The multiple roles of hydrogen bond donors in the reactions were discussed. Furthermore, compound 7 exhibited catalytic activity for the oxidation of styrene, and thus it can be used as a heterogeneous catalyst due to its good stability. These results promote the understanding of the application of DESs in synthesizing novel transition metal-organic frameworks.

10.
Analyst ; 144(9): 3103-3110, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920573

RESUMO

Receptor-targeted delivery systems have been proposed as means of concentrating therapeutic agents to improve therapeutic effects on disease sites and reduce side effects on normal issues. Herein, we synthesized biocompatible folic acid (FA)-functionalized DHE-modified TiP (TiP-PAH-DHE-FA) nanoparticles as a drug delivery system that possessed high drug loading capability and enhanced folate-receptor-mediated cellular uptake. Moreover, it also allowed drug effect evaluation based on the real-time monitoring of the fluorescence intensity of HE molecules that are triggered by intercellular ROS. This acquired drug delivery system provided a novel platform to integrate efficient cell-specific drug delivery with real-time monitoring of therapeutic efficacy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Titânio/química , Portadores de Fármacos/síntese química , Portadores de Fármacos/metabolismo , Endocitose/fisiologia , Etídio/análogos & derivados , Etídio/química , Etídio/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Ácido Fólico/química , Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Poliaminas/química , Poliaminas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Titânio/metabolismo
11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 9(1): 330, 2018 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Menstrual blood-derived endometrial stem cells (MenSCs) emerge as an ideal source for cell-based treatment in regenerative medicine and immunotherapy. However, the major obstacle is the low survival rate in tissues and the limited expansion number. Autophagy is an intracellular metabolic self-degradative process which plays important roles in normal cellular division and survival, and the present study aimed to explore the related mechanisms between autophagy and survival of MenSCs in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The MenSCs were obtained from menstrual blood procured from healthy female donors. In vitro, MenSCs were exposed to rapamycin and Earle's balanced salts solution (EBSS). We evaluated the MenSCs immunophenotypic cell cycle distribution by propidium iodide (PI) staining and cell apoptosis by Annexin V/PI staining as well as their proliferative potential by the MTT assay. We also assessed the expression of genes associated with the cell cycle and Gsk3ß signaling pathway by western blot analysis. We depressed Atg5 and Gsk3ß expression by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) and undertook the experiments. Moreover, the labeled MenSCs were observed and counted with DiI after transplantation into the mice via the tail vein by microscopy in vivo. RESULTS: In vitro, rapamycin and starvation induced autophagy of MenSCs. Hyperactive autophagy significantly induced G0/G1 arrest and slightly promoted apoptosis of MenSCs. Meanwhile, autophagy could stimulate p-GSK3ß expression in MenSCs. Further, knockdown GSK3ß can accelerate the proliferation of MenSCs by shRNA and CHIR99021. Moreover, the shGSK3ß MenSCs showed strong proliferative activity in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that autophagy induced G0/G1 arrest and apoptosis of MenSCs via GSK3ß/ß-catenin pathway. Inhibiting autophagy or reduced GSK3ß levels may improve survival rate in vivo, thus playing roles in MenSCs therapy.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Autofagia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Endométrio/patologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Menstruação/sangue , Células-Tronco/patologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Piridinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
12.
Analyst ; 143(21): 5170-5175, 2018 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30259917

RESUMO

Facile and sensitive detection methods of cancer cells in the early stage are beneficial for monitoring cancers and treating patients in time to reduce the death rate. In this work, an ultrasensitive cytosensor was constructed using aptamers as cell capturers and metal ion-exchanged titanium phosphate nanospheres as electrochemical probes. KH1C12 can specifically recognize HL-60 cells and distinguish them from other cell lines, K562 and CCRF-CEM, to obtain high selectivity. Cadmium ion functionalized titanium phosphate nanospheres show large quantities of electroactive cadmium ion output and a highly sensitive electrochemical signal. This proposed cytosensor showed a wide dynamic linear range from 102 cells per mL to 107 cells per mL with a low detection limit of 35 cells per mL, providing a new, simple and ultrasensitive platform for cancer diagnosis in biomedical and clinical research.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Nanosferas/química , Titânio/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Cádmio/química , Rastreamento de Células/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Tamanho da Partícula , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 219: 152-160, 2018 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29126989

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rubia cordifolia is a common traditional Chinese medicine that promotes blood circulation and eliminates blood stasis, and has been used to cure diseases related to blood stasis syndrome (BSS) clinically for many years. It has been previously demonstrated that anti-thrombosis and pro-angiogenesis can improve BSS. However, the anti-thrombotic and pro-angiogenic activities of Rubia cordifolia have not been well investigated. AIM OF STUDY: To determine the potential anti-thrombotic and pro-angiogenic activities of Rubia cordifolia and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. In addition, the major chemical constituents of Rubia cordifolia extract (QC) were qualitatively analysed by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS to explore the association between pharmacological activity and chemical constituents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The QC samples were composed of a 95% ethanol extract and an aqueous extract following extraction using 95% ethanol. UPLC-Q-TOF/MS was used to analyse the major chemical constituents of QC. For the anti-thrombotic experiment of QC, a phenylhydrazine (PHZ)-induced AB strain zebrafish thrombosis model was used. The zebrafish larvae were stained using O-dianisidine, and the heart and caudal vein of the zebrafish were observed and imaged with a fluorescence microscope. The staining intensity of erythrocytes in the heart (SI) of each group and the morphology of thrombus in the caudal vein were used to assess the anti-thrombotic effect of QC. For the pro-angiogenic assay of QC, the intersegmental blood vessel (ISV) insufficiency model of Tg(fli-1: EGFP)y1 transgenic zebrafish (Flik zebrafish), which was induced by the VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor II (VRI), was used. The morphology of the intact ISVs and defective ISVs was observed to evaluate the pro-angiogenic activity of QC. The mechanism involved in promoting angiogenesis was studied with real-time PCR. RESULTS: A total of 12 components in QC were identified based on standard compounds and references, including nine anthraquinones and three naphthoquinones. After treatment with QC, the PHZ-induced thrombosis in AB strain zebrafish larvae decreased to a certain degree, which we believe was related to its dosages, and the therapeutic effect within the 50-200 µg/mL QC treatment groups was especially prominent (P < 0.01, P < 0.001) compared to that in the PHZ model group. Similarly, QC also recovered the loss of the ISVs, which was induced by VRI in Flik zebrafish larvae, which have a certain dose-effect relationship. The pro-angiogenic activity of QC was also conspicuous (P < 0.01, P < 0.001) compared to that of the VRI model group. The following real-time PCR assay proved that QC significantly restored the VRI-induced downregulation of vWF, VEGF-A, kdrl, and flt-1 in Flik zebrafish (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A total of 12 compounds from QC were analysed by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. The data of the pharmacological experiments demonstrated that QC presented anti-thrombotic and pro-angiogenic activities in zebrafish, and the principal active components were likely anthraquinones and naphthoquinones. Thus, the current study provided a theoretical basis for the clinical use of Rubia cordifolia as a traditional Chinese medicine in promoting blood circulation and eliminating stasis.


Assuntos
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Rubia , Indutores da Angiogênese/isolamento & purificação , Indutores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/isolamento & purificação , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/agonistas , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/biossíntese , Peixe-Zebra
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671128

RESUMO

The traditional processing method for the slices preparation of Rehmanniae roots is time- and energy-consuming and is prone to result in loss of active components during twice water-treatment (once for wash and the other for softening) and drying steps. In this study, we firstly explored an integrative processing technique for Rehmanniae Radix by 2x3 factorial experiment based on the contents of catalpol and verbascoside as measured by HPLC. The potential differences between the traditional stepwise processing technique and the integrative processing technique for catalpol and verbascoside in the prepared slices were investigated. To further confirm the effectiveness of drugs using the integrative processing technique, some pharmacological variables, such as rectal temperature, hematologic parameters (RBC, HGB, HCT, and blood viscosity), and coagulation parameters (TT, APTT, PT and FIB), were detected in a blood-heat and hemorrhage syndrome rat model. Two-way ANOVA analysis showed that drying for 18 h at 50°C was considered as the best combination of process conditions. The mean catalpol and verbascoside contents in the integrative method-processed samples (4.30% and 0.33%, respectively) were higher than those in the traditional method-processed samples (2.61% and 0.21%, respectively). Significant increases in rectal temperature, and hematologic parameters, TT, APTT, and FIB, were observed in the model group rats, compared to the blank group animals (P<0.01). Both in the integrative groups and traditional groups, the extracts caused significant decreases in rectal temperature, RBC, HGB, and HCT with increased concentration compared to the model group animals. All coagulation parameters tested were shortened in model rats received two kind prepared slices. There were no significant therapeutic differences between the integrative and the traditional method-processed slices on the hemostasis and hemorheological parameters in this blood-heat and hemorrhage syndrome rat model, indicating that our integrative method may be a feasible technique for processing Rehmanniae Radix slices.

15.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 89(Pt 2): 937-945, 2017 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27818049

RESUMO

Quantifying the glycan expression status on cell surfaces is of vital importance for insight into the glycan function in biological processes and related diseases. Here we developed a versatile aptasensor for electrochemical quantification of cell surface glycan by taking advantage of the cell-specific aptamer, and the lectin-functionalized gold nanoparticles acting as both a glycan recognition unit and a signal amplification probe. To construct the aptasensor, amine-functionalized mucin 1 protein (MUC1) aptamer was first covalently conjugated to carboxylated-magnetic beads (MBs) using the succinimide coupling (EDC-NHS) method. On the basis of the specific recognition between aptamer and MUC1 protein that overexpressed on the surface of MCF-7 cells, the aptamer conjugated MBs showed a predominant capability for cell capture with high selectivity. Moreover, a lectin-based nanoprobe was designed by noncovalent assembly of concanavalin A (ConA) on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). This nanoprobe incorporated the abilities of both the specific carbohydrate recognition and the signal amplification based on the gold-promoted reduction of silver ions. By coupling with electrochemical stripping analysis, the proposed sandwich-type cytosensor showed an excellent analytical performance for the ultrasensitive detection of MCF-7 cells and quantification of cell surface glycan. More importantly, taking advantage of Con A-gold nanoprobe catalyzed silver enhancement, the proposed method was further used for naked-eye tracking glycolytic inhibition in living cells. This aptasensor holds great promise as a new point-of-care diagnostic tool for analyzing glycan expression on living cells and further helps cancer diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Mucina-1/química , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Concanavalina A/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Polissacarídeos/química , Succinimidas/química
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(23): 4604-4610, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29376259

RESUMO

The protective effect of different polar fractions of Carbonized Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma (cRRR) against ox-LDL-induced damage to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was investigated by MTT assay, and the components were identified by using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. According to the study, ethyl acetate extract and n-butanol extract could increase cell viability (P<0.01), while petroleum ether extract had no influence, and water extract could even inhibit the cell viability to some degree. Moreover, 32 compounds in four polar fractions were analyzed, including 31 quinones and their glycosides, and one rubiprasins C. Petroleum ether extract, ethyl acetate extract, n-butanol extract and water extract contained 23, 32, 26, 15 compounds, respectively. According to cell experiments in vitro, active fractions were ethyl acetate extract and n-butanol extract. The results could provide scientific references for further studies on effective material basic of cRRR, and lay a foundation for studies on the relationship between efficacies and materials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Rizoma/química , Rubia/química , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo
17.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 85: 891-896, 2016 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27311114

RESUMO

MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is a promising diagnostic biomarker for breast cancer screening and disease progression, thus the method for the sensitive and selective detection of miR-21 is vital to its clinical diagnosis. Herein, we develop a novel method to quantify miR-21 levels as low as attomolar sensitivity by a target-triggered triple isothermal cascade amplification (3TICA) strategy. An ingenious unimolecular DNA template with three functional parts has been designed: 5'-fragment as the miR-21 recognition unit, middle fragment as the miR-21 analogue amplification unit, and 3'-fragment as the 8-17 DNAzyme production unit. Triggered by miR-21 and accompanied by polymerase-nicking enzyme cascade, new miR-21 analogues autonomously generated for the successive re-triggering and cleavage process. Simultaneously, the 8-17 DNAzyme-contained sequence could be exponentially released and activated for the second cyclic cleavage toward a specific ribonucleotide (rA)-contained substrate, inducing a remarkably amplified generation of HRP-mimicking DNAzyme in the presence of hemin. Finally, the amperometric technique was used to record the catalytic reduction current of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of H2O2. The increase in the steady-state current was proportional with the increase of the miR-21 concentration from 1 aM to 100 pM. An ultra-low detection limit of 0.5 aM with an excellent selectivity for even discriminating differences between 1-base mismatched target and miR-21 was achieved. This simple and cost-effective 3TICA strategy is promising for the detection of any short oligonucleotides, simply by altering the target recognition unit in the template sequence.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , MicroRNAs/sangue , Benzidinas/química , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , DNA Catalítico/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Limite de Detecção , MicroRNAs/análise , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 36(6): 2292-9, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26387338

RESUMO

Intake of contaminated soils is considered as an important exposure pathway of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) to humans, especially for children during their outdoor hand-to-mouth activities. Oral bioaccessibility is an essential tool to quantitatively assess the exposure risk of pollutants. In this study, we employed an in vitro digestion model to mimic the gastrointestinal digestion of typical PBDEs (BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-99 and BDE-153 at a series of initial concentrations) in three natural soil samples with different TOC contents and to verify a previous hypothesis that the sorption of PBDE fraction mobilized from soil into digestive fluid on the surface of residual solid phase may lead to an underestimation of bioaccessibility of PBDEs. In addition, a method with multiple fluid-to-solid ratios was applied to calibrate the underestimation. The results indicated that the calibrated digestibility values were commonly higher than those without correction. For the different soil samples, the averaged increasing rates of PBDE digestibility at different initial concentrations ranged from 14.3% to 42.3%, from 11.1% to 32.1%, from 4.9% to 12.3% and from 0.0% to 7.7% for BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-99 and BDE-153, respectively. Therefore, the bioaccessibility of PBDEs in gastrointestinal gut would be significantly underestimated without calibration, especially for tri- and tetra-BDEs and soil samples with low TOC contents or high PBDEs concentrations. The corrected digestibility values of BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-99 and BDE-153 were 21.9%-54.7%, 18.8%-43.1%, 13.4%-27.2% and 9.3%-19.9%, respectively. The results indicated that the PBDEs digestibility was negatively correlated with lgK(ow); whereas there was no significant correlation of PBDE bioaccessibility with TOC contents in soils or with initial concentrations of PBDEs, particularly for the highly brominated components.


Assuntos
Éteres Difenil Halogenados/farmacocinética , Bifenil Polibromatos/farmacocinética , Poluentes do Solo/farmacocinética , Disponibilidade Biológica , Digestão , Trato Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Solo/química
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(4): 2979-85, 2015 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25588109

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as new candidates as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for the detection of a wide variety of cancers; thus, sensitive and selective detection of microRNAs is significant for early-phase cancer diagnosis and disease prevention. A novel and simple electrochemical miRNA biosensor was developed using Cd(2+)-modified titanium phosphate nanoparticles as signal unit, two DNA as capture probes, and Ru(NH3)6(3+) as electron transfer mediator. Large quantities of cadmium ions were mounted in titanium phosphate spheres to output the electrochemical signal. Because of the presence of Ru(NH3)6(3+) molecules that interacted with DNA base-pairs as electron wire, the electrochemical signal significantly increased more than 5 times. This approach achieved a wide dynamic linear range from 1.0 aM to 10.0 pM with an ultralow limit detection of 0.76 aM, exerting a substantial enhancement in sensitivity. Moreover, the proposed biosensor was sufficiently selective to discriminate the target miRNAs from homologous miRNAs and could be used for rapid and direct analysis of miRNAs in human serum. Therefore, this strategy provides a new and ultrasensitive platform for miRNA expression profiling in biomedical research and clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Cádmio/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , MicroRNAs/química , Titânio/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , DNA/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Transporte de Elétrons , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , MicroRNAs/sangue , Nanosferas/química
20.
Analyst ; 139(16): 3860-5, 2014 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24976373

RESUMO

The expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is related to some cancer diseases. Recently, miRNAs have emerged as new candidate diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for detecting a wide variety of cancers. Due to low levels, short sequences and high sequence homology among family members, the quantitative miRNA analysis is still a challenge. A novel electrochemical biosensor with triple signal amplification for the ultrasensitive detection of miRNA was developed based on phosphatase, redox-cycling amplification, a bimetallic Pd-Pt supported graphene functionalized screen-printed gold electrode, and two stem-loop structured DNAs as target capturers. The proposed biosensor is highly sensitive due to the enhanced electrochemical signal of Pd-Pt supported graphene and sufficiently selective to discriminate the target miRNA from homologous miRNAs in the presence of loop-stem structure probes with T4 DNA ligase. Therefore, this strategy provided a new and ultrasensitive platform for amplified detection and subsequent analysis of miRNA in biomedical research and clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Grafite/química , MicroRNAs/análise , Paládio/química , Platina/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sondas de DNA/química , Ouro/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Oxirredução
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...