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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(10): 1113-7, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the temperature field distribution and variation rules during treatment with mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion of TCM. METHODS: Six healthy subjects were selected. Mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion were exerted at Zusanli (ST 36) respectively, for 25 min. Using infrared thermal imaging instrument, the temperature field distribution was measured during moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36). The simulated thermometer was adopted to measure the temperature field distribution during moxibustion at the imitated cortex. At 20 min of mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion, the temperature field distribution generated by moxibustion was observed at the imitated cortex and Zusanli (ST 36) separately. The temperature values were collected at the sites 0.7, 2.1 and 3.5 cm far from the center of the moxibustion-exerted places successively, and then the characteristics of temperature field distribution and variation rules were compared between different moxibustion methods at the imitated cortex and Zusanli (ST 36). RESULTS: At 20 min of mild moxibustion and sparrow-pecking moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36), the temperature field distribution focused on the center of moxibustion-exerted site and the temperature was reduced to all directions and illustrated as a curved surface graph, whereas, the temperature field distribution at the imitated cortex was consistent with that at Zusanli (ST 36). With mild moxibustion, the temperature field was distributed uniformly along the longitudinal temperature gradient; whereas, with sparrow-pecking moxibustion, the longitudinal temperature of the temperature field was greatly different, in which, the maximum temperature and the average temperature were higher than those with mild moxibustion respectively and the first time up to the peak value of sparrow-pecking moxibustion was shorter than that with mild moxibustion. The thermal transfer was presented at the non-moxibustion exerted areas during the moxibustion experiment at Zusanli (ST 36). CONCLUSION: A distance feature is presented in the temperature field measured by simulated thermometer and generated under suspension moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36). The warm stimulation effect of sparrow-pecking moxibustion is much more obvious at the moxibustion-exerted center as compared with mild moxibustion and the area of warm stimulation generated by sparrow-pecking moxibustion is more concentrated as compared with mild moxibustion. The radiation energy produced by suspension moxibustion is scattered and attenuated in skin tissue, resulting in a certain temperature gradient in the temperature field. The warm stimulation generated at skin surface by moxibustion has a warming-dredging effect.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Pardais , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Humanos , Temperatura , Tronco
2.
Blood Adv ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614508

RESUMO

Aside from the cell-intrinsic factors such as genetic alterations, immune dysregulation in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment plays a role in the development and progression of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). However, the prognostic implications of various immune cells in MDS patients remain unclear. We adopted CIBERSORTx to estimate the relative fractions of 22 subtypes of immune cells in the BM of 316 MDS patients and correlated the results with clinical outcomes. A lower fraction of unpolarized M0 macrophages and higher fractions of M2 macrophages and eosinophils were significantly associated with inferior survival. An immune cell scoring system (ICSS) was constructed based on the proportion of these three immune cells in the BM. The ICSS high-risk patients had higher BM blast counts, higher frequencies of poor-risk cytogenetics, and NPM1, TP53, and WT1 mutations than intermediate- and low-risk patients. The ICSS could stratify MDS patients into three risk groups with distinct leukemia-free survival and overall survival among the total cohort and in the subgroups of patients with lower and higher disease risk based on the revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R). The prognostic significance of ICSS was also validated in another independent cohort. Multivariable analysis revealed that ICSS independently predicted prognosis, irrespective of age, IPSS-R, and mutation status. Bioinformatic analysis demonstrated a significant correlation between high-risk ICSS and nuclear factor kappa B signaling, oxidative stress, and leukemic stem cell signature pathways. Further studies investigating the mechanistic insight into the crosstalk between stem cells and immune cells are warranted.

3.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623207

RESUMO

A new ß-class milbemycin, 13α-hydroxy milbemycin ß6 (1), was isolated from the fermentation broth of a mutant of genetically engineered strain Streptomyces avermitilis AVE-H39. Its structure and absolute configuration were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(10): 901, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601488

RESUMO

Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has a relatively unfavourable prognosis due to metastasis and chemoresistance. Our previous research established a comprehensive ESCC database (GSE53625). After analysing data from TCGA database and GSE53625, we found that PLEK2 predicted poor prognosis in ESCC. Moreover, PLEK2 expression was also related to the overall survival of ESCC patients undergoing chemotherapy. Repression of PLEK2 decreased the proliferation, migration, invasion and chemoresistance of ESCC cells in vitro and decreased tumorigenicity and distant metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay suggested that TGF-ß stimulated the process that Smad2/3 binds to the promoter sequences of PLEK2 and induced its expression. RNA-seq suggested LCN2 might a key molecular regulated by PLEK2. LCN2 overexpression in PLEK2 knockdown ESCC cells reversed the effects of decreased migration and invasion. In addition, TGF-ß induced the expression of LCN2, but the effect disappeared when PLEK2 was knockdown. Moreover, AKT was phosphorylated in all regulatory processes. This study detected the major role of PLEK2 in driving metastasis and chemoresistance in ESCC by regulating LCN2, which indicates the potential use of PLEK2 as a biomarker to predict prognosis and as a therapeutic target for ESCC.

5.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNA Ribonuclease P RNA Component H1 (circ-RPPH1) was confirmed to act as an oncogene in many cancers to promote cancer progression. However, the exact function and mechanism of circ-RPPH1 in breast cancer (BC) remain vague. METHODS: The expression of circ-RPPH1, microRNA (miR)-328-3p and high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) was detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion were determined using cell counting kit-8 assay, flow cytometry and transwell assay, respectively. Glucose metabolism was calculated by detecting glucose uptake and lactate production. The target correlations between miR-328-3p and circ-RPPH1 or HMGA2 were confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The murine xenograft model was established to conduct in vivo experiments. RESULTS: Circ-RPPH1 expression was elevated and miR-328-3p was decreased in BC tissues and cells. Circ-RPPH1 knockdown or miR-328-3p re-expression suppressed cell proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis but induced apoptosis in BC in vitro. Circ-RPPH1 was a sponge of miR-328-3p, and silencing of miR-328-3p reversed the inhibitory effects of circ-RPPH1 knockdown on BC cell malignant phenotypes and glycolysis. MiR-328-3p directly targeted HMGA2, and HMGA2 overexpression abolished the action of miR-328-3p in BC cells. Besides, circ-RPPH1 could regulate HMGA2 expression by miR-328-3p in BC cells. Moreover, murine xenograft model analysis suggested circ-RPPH1 knockdown inhibited tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Circ-RPPH1 knockdown retarded cell malignant phenotypes and glycolysis via miR-328-3p/HMGA2 axis in BC, providing a potential therapeutic target for BC treatment.

6.
J Pathol Clin Res ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480529

RESUMO

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are characterized by upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines and immune dysregulation, which provide a reasonable basis for immunotherapy in patients. Megakaryocytes are crucial in the pathogenesis of primary myelofibrosis (PMF), the most clinically aggressive subtype of MPN. In this study, we aimed to explore PD-L1 (programmed death-ligand 1) expression in megakaryocytes and its clinical implications in PMF. We analyzed PD-L1 expression on megakaryocytes in PMF patients by immunohistochemistry and correlated the results with clinicopathological features and molecular aberrations. We employed a two-tier grading system considering both the proportion of cells positively stained and the intensity of staining. Among the 85 PMF patients, 41 (48%) showed positive PD-L1 expression on megakaryocytes with the immune-reactive score ranging from 1 to 12. PD-L1 expression correlated closely with higher white blood cell count (p = 0.045), overt myelofibrosis (p = 0.010), JAK2V617F mutation (p = 0.011), and high-molecular risk mutations (p = 0.045), leading to less favorable overall survival in these patients (hazard ratio 0.341, 95% CI 0.135-0.863, p = 0.023). Our study provides unique insights into the interaction between immunologic and molecular phenotypes in PMF patients. Future work to explore the translational potential of PD-L1 in the clinical setting is needed.

7.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132149, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496337

RESUMO

Electrotrophic denitrification is a promising novel nitrogen removal technique. In this study, the performance and the mechanism of electrotrophic denitrification coupled with sulfate-sulfide cycle were investigated under different anodic influent COD/SO42- ratios. The results showed that electrotrophic denitrification contributed to more than 22% total nitrogen removal in cathode chamber. Higher COD/SO42- ratios would deteriorate the sulfate reduction but enhance methane production. Further mass balance indicated that the electron flow utilized by methanogenic archaea (MA) increased while that utilized by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) decreased as the COD/SO42- ratio increased from 0.44 to 1.11. However, higher COD/SO42- ratios would produce more electrons to strengthen electrotrophic denitrification. Microbial community analysis showed that the biocathode was predominantly covered by Thiobacillus that encoded with narG gene. These findings collectively suggest that electrotrophic denitrification could be a sustainable approach to simultaneously remove COD and nitrogen under suitable COD/SO42- ratio based on sulfur cycle in wastewater.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520365

RESUMO

Scene parsing, or semantic segmentation, aims at labeling all pixels in an image with the predefined categories of things and stuff. Learning a robust representation for each pixel is crucial for this task. Existing state-of-the-art (SOTA) algorithms employ deep neural networks to learn (discover) the representations needed for parsing from raw data. Nevertheless, these networks discover desired features or representations only from the given image (content), ignoring more generic knowledge contained in the dataset. To overcome this deficiency, we make the first attempt to explore the meaningful supportive knowledge, including general visual concepts (i.e., the generic representations for objects and stuff) and their relations from the whole dataset to enhance the underlying representations of a specific scene for better scene parsing. Specifically, we propose a novel supportive knowledge mining module (SKMM) and a knowledge augmentation operator (KAO), which can be easily plugged into modern scene parsing networks. By taking image-specific content and dataset-level supportive knowledge into full consideration, the resulting model, called knowledge augmented neural network (KANN), can better understand the given scene and provide greater representational power. Experiments are conducted on three challenging scene parsing and semantic segmentation datasets: Cityscapes, Pascal-Context, and ADE20K. The results show that our KANN is effective and achieves better results than all existing SOTA methods.

9.
Circulation ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521217

RESUMO

Background: Among patients with diabetes mellitus (diabetes) and chronic coronary disease (CCD), it is unclear if invasive management improves outcomes when added to medical therapy. Methods: The ISCHEMIA Trials (ISCHEMIA and ISCHEMIA CKD) randomized CCD patients to an invasive (medical therapy + angiography and revascularization if feasible) or a conservative approach (medical therapy alone with revascularization if medical therapy failed). Cohorts were combined after no trial-specific effects were observed. Diabetes was defined by history, HbA1c ≥6.5%, or use of glucose-lowering medication. The primary outcome was all-cause death or myocardial infarction (MI). Heterogeneity of effect of invasive management on death or MI was evaluated using a Bayesian approach to protect against random high or low estimates of treatment effect for patients with vs. without diabetes and for diabetes subgroups of clinical (female sex and insulin use) and anatomic features (coronary artery disease [CAD] severity or left ventricular function). Results: Of 5,900 participants with complete baseline data, the median age was 64 years interquartile range (IQR) [57-70], 24% were female, and the median estimated glomerular filtration was 80 ml/min/1.732 IQR [64-95]. Among the 2,553 (43%) of participants with diabetes, median percent hemoglobin A1c was 7% IQR [7-8%], and 30% were insulin treated. Participants with diabetes had a 49% increased hazard of death or MI (HR 1.49; 95% CI: 1.31-1.70, P<0.001). At median 3.1-year follow-up the adjusted event-free survival was 0.54 (95% bootstrapped CI: 0.48, 0.60) and 0.66 (95% bootstrapped CI: 0.61, 0.71) for patients with vs. without diabetes - a 12% (95% bootstrapped CI: 4%, 20%) absolute decrease in event-free survival among participants with diabetes. Female and male patients with insulin-treated diabetes had an adjusted event-free survival of 0.52 (95% bootstrapped CI: 0.42, 0.56) and 0.49 (95% bootstrapped CI: 0.42, 0.56), respectively. There was no difference in death or MI between strategies for patients with vs. without diabetes, or for clinical (female sex or insulin use) or anatomic features (CAD severity or left ventricular function) of patients with diabetes. Conclusions: Despite higher risk for death or MI, CCD patients with diabetes did not derive incremental benefit from routine invasive management compared with initial medical therapy alone. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov Unique identifier: NCT01471522.

10.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536013

RESUMO

Increasing evidence supports the role of the immune microenvironment and associated signalling in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Nevertheless, the clinical relevancy of immune signals in patients with MDS remains elusive. To address this, we used single-sample gene-set enrichment analysis to score immune signatures of bone marrow (BM) samples from 176 patients with primary MDS. Enhanced signatures of 'immature dendritic cells' and 'natural killer cells with cluster of differentiation (CD)56bright' were correlated with better overall survival (OS), whilst higher 'CD103+ signature' was associated with reduced survival. An MDS-Immune-Risk (MIR) scoring system was constructed based on the weighted sums derived from Cox regression analysis. High MIR scores were correlated with higher revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) scores and mutations in ASXL transcriptional regulator 1 (ASXL1), Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1), and tumour protein p53 (TP53). High-score patients had significantly inferior leukaemia-free survival (LFS) and OS than low-score patients. The prognostic significance of MIR scores for survival remained valid across IPSS-R subgroups and was validated in two independent cohorts. Multivariable analysis revealed that a higher MIR score was an independent adverse risk factor for LFS and OS. We further proposed a model with the combination of MIR score and gene mutations to be complementary to IPSS-R for the prognostication of LFS and OS of patients with MDS.

11.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(18): 10630-10643, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530450

RESUMO

Controlling proper RNA pool for nuclear export is important for accurate gene expression. ZFC3H1 is a key controller that not only facilitates nuclear exosomal degradation, but also retains its bound polyadenylated RNAs in the nucleus upon exosome inactivation. However, how ZFC3H1 retains RNAs and how its roles in RNA retention and degradation are related remain largely unclear. Here, we found that upon degradation inhibition, ZFC3H1 forms nuclear condensates to prevent RNA trafficking to nuclear speckles (NSs) where many RNAs gain export competence. Systematic mapping of ZFC3H1 revealed that it utilizes distinct domains for condensation and RNA degradation. Interestingly, ZFC3H1 condensation activity is required for preventing RNA trafficking to NSs, but not for RNA degradation. Considering that no apparent ZFC3H1 condensates are formed in normal cells, our study suggests that nuclear RNA degradation and retention are two independent mechanisms with different preference for controlling proper export RNA pool-degradation is preferred in normal cells, and condensation retention is activated upon degradation inhibition.

12.
Soft Matter ; 17(39): 8973-8981, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558595

RESUMO

The network structure in the amorphous domain of swollen iodine-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was systematically investigated by low-field (LF) NMR techniques to reveal the PVA-iodine complex formation mechanism. Three PVA-iodine complexes were obtained under different iodine concentrations (ciodine) of KI/I2 solution: (i) ciodine < 0.1 M: PVA-I3-/I5- complex only exists in the non-crystalline region, (ii) 0.1 M < ciodine < 1 M: formation of PVA-I3- complex I, and (iii) ciodine > 1 M: formation of PVA-I3- complex II. It was found that there is no intermediate-magnitude chain motion of PVA under dyeing conditions to induce the substance exchange, as evidenced by the unchanged second moment M2 (∼1.2 × 104 m s-2) at elevated temperature (<380 K). The introduction of iodine ions can affect the chain mobility of the interphase and mobile regions. With increasing ciodine, the chain dynamics become more restricted, as detected by the faster decay of the T2 relaxometry results, which further accelerates the complexation process. The residual dipolar coupling strength, Dres, obtained by the more quantitative double-quantum (DQ) NMR, increases abruptly at ciodine > 1 M. This suggests more constraints form in the amorphous network for the PVA-I3- complex II system. The constant defects fraction further reveals that the complexation prefers to happen along the tie chains. These results supply a possible formation pathway for the PVA-iodine complexes.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(37)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493685

RESUMO

Anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) for wastewater treatment has attracted much interest due to its efficacy in providing high-quality effluent with minimal energy costs. However, membrane biofouling represents the main bottleneck for AnMBR because it diminishes flux and necessitates frequent replacement of membranes. In this study, we assessed the feasibility of combining bacteriophages and UV-C irradiation to provide a chemical-free approach to remove biofoulants on the membrane. The combination of bacteriophage and UV-C resulted in better log cells removal and ca. 2× higher extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) concentration reduction in mature biofoulants compared to either UV-C or bacteriophage alone. The cleaning mechanism behind this combined approach is by 1) reducing the relative abundance of Acinetobacter spp. and selected bacteria (e.g., Paludibacter, Pseudomonas, Cloacibacterium, and gram-positive Firmicutes) associated with the membrane biofilm and 2) forming cavities in the biofilm to maintain water flux through the membrane. When the combined treatment was further compared with the common chemical cleaning procedure, a similar reduction on the cell numbers was observed (1.4 log). However, the combined treatment was less effective in removing EPS compared with chemical cleaning. These results suggest that the combination of UV-C and bacteriophage have an additive effect in biofouling reduction, representing a potential chemical-free method to remove reversible biofoulants on membrane fitted to an AnMBR.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574723

RESUMO

Front-line doctors are at high risk of exposure to COVID-19. The mental resilience of general practitioners and their areas of concerns and support required are important during this COVID-19 period. A total of 403 general practitioners attending a webinar on resiliency, hosted by the College of Family Physicians, Singapore, participated in the survey anonymously. Participants provided responses to questions relating to COVID-19 in the domains of Family and friends, Myself, Practice, and Community. Responses are categorized into LEARNING, FEAR, and GROWTH zones. The majority of the doctors reported to be in the GROWTH zone in relation to Family and friends (39%) and Myself (38%) as compared to Practice and Community, aOR = 4.5 (95% CI 3.4 to 5.9), p < 0.001. 34% of the participants reported being in the FEAR zone in relation to Family and friends, aOR = 8.0 (95% CI = 5.6 to 11.2), p < 0.001; at least 81% reported being in the LEARNING zone in relation to Practice and Community, aOR = 7.5 (95% CI = 5.8 to 9.6), p < 0.001, compared to other domains. Supporting and protecting the doctors is important in strategic planning and management of the current pandemic and building preparedness and an effective response towards future crises.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Clínicos Gerais , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Singapura
15.
Small ; 17(40): e2102470, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480417

RESUMO

Tumor cells adapt to excessive oxidative stress by actuating reactive oxygen species (ROS)-defensing system, leading to a resistance to oxidation therapy. In this work, self-delivery photodynamic synergists (designated as PhotoSyn) are developed for oxidative damage amplified tumor therapy. Specifically, PhotoSyn are fabricated by the self-assembly of chlorine e6 (Ce6) and TH588 through π-π stacking and hydrophobic interactions. Without additional carriers, nanoscale PhotoSyn possess an extremely high drug loading rate (up to 100%) and they are found to be fairly stable in aqueous phase with a uniform size distribution. Intravenously injected PhotoSyn prefer to accumulate at tumor sites for effective cellular uptake. More importantly, TH588-mediated MTH1 inhibition could destroy the ROS-defensing system of tumor cells by preventing the elimination of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine triphosphate (8-oxo-dG), thereby exacerbating the oxidative DNA damage induced by the photodynamic therapy (PDT) of Ce6 under light irradiation. As a consequence, PhotoSyn exhibit enhanced photo toxicity and a significant antitumor effect. This amplified oxidative damage strategy improves the PDT efficiency with a reduced side effect by increasing the lethality of ROS without generating superabundant ROS, which would provide a new insight for developing self-delivery nanoplatforms in photodynamic tumor therapy in clinic.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(20): 9753-9766, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514714

RESUMO

Oridonin, a natural diterpenoid compound extracted from a Chinese herb, has been proved to exert anti-oxidative stress effects in various disease models. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of oridonin on oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury in ischaemic stroke. We found oridonin repaired blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity presented with upregulation of tight junction proteins (TJ proteins) expression, inhibited the infiltration of periphery inflammatory cells and neuroinflammation and thereby reduced infarct volume in ischaemic stroke mice. Furthermore, our results showed that oridonin could protect against oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury via promoting nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf-2). The specific mechanism could be the activation of AKT(Ser473)/GSK3ß(Ser9)/Fyn signalling pathway. Our findings revealed the therapeutic effect and mechanism of oridonin in ischaemic stroke, which provided fundamental evidence for developing the extracted compound of Chinese herbal medicine into an innovative drug for ischaemic stroke treatment.

17.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 29(1): 194-203, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Heredity has a remarkable effect on obesity in an obesogenic environment. Despite the numerous genetic variants that contribute to obesity-related traits, none has been identified in Chinese children. This study aimed to identify novel variants associated with childhood obesity in China. METHODS: Promising single-nucleotide variants were obtained using whole-exome sequencing from 76 children who had obesity and 74 children with normal weight, and their associations with obesity-related traits in an additional 6,334-child cohort were investigated. The effects of the genome-wide significant (P < 5E-8) variants on the expression of the implicated genes in blood and adipose tissue were then depicted using transcriptome sequencing. RESULTS: Two coding variants associated with obesity with genome-wide significance were identified: rs1059491 (P = 2.57E-28) in SULT1A2 and rs189326455 (P = 8.98E-12) in MAP3K21. In addition, rs1059491 was also significantly associated with several obesity traits. Transcriptome sequencing demonstrated that rs1059491 and rs189326455 were expression quantitative trait loci relevant to the expression levels of several obesity-related genes, such as SULT1A2, ATXN2L, TUFM, and MAP3K21. CONCLUSIONS: This work identified two coding variants that were significantly associated with pediatric adiposity and were expression quantitative trait loci for obesity-related genes. This study provides new insights into the pathophysiology of Chinese childhood obesity.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4730-4735, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581082

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the mechanism of the sweating of Dipsacus asper on content changes of triterpene sa-ponins by detecting the total triterpene saponins and the index component asperosaponin Ⅵ in the crude and sweated D. asper, and analyzing the differentially expressed proteins by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification(iTRAQ) combined with LC-MS/MS. After sweating, the content of total triterpene saponins decreased manifestly, while that of asperosaponin Ⅵ increased significantly. As revealed by the iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS analysis, 140 proteins with significant differential expression were figured out, with 50 up-regulated and 90 down-regulated. GO analysis indicated a variety of hydrolases, oxido-reductases, and transferases in the differential proteins. The results of activity test on two differentially expressed oxido-reductases were consistent with those of the iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS analysis. As demonstrated by the analysis of enzymes related to the triterpene saponin biosynthesis pathway, two enzymes(from CYP450 and UGT families, respectively, which are involved in the structural modification of triterpene saponins) were significantly down-regulated after sweating. The findings suggested that sweating of D. asper presumedly regulated triterpene saponins by affecting the expression of downstream CYP450 s and UGTs in the biosynthesis pathway of triterpene saponins of D. asper.


Assuntos
Dipsacaceae , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Sudorese , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
19.
Front Immunol ; 12: 720363, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447386

RESUMO

Severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can manifest as a viral-induced hyperinflammation with multiorgan dysfunction. It has been documented that severe COVID-19 is associated with higher levels of inflammatory mediators than a mild disease, and tracking these markers may allow early identification or even prediction of disease progression. It is well known that C-reactive protein (CRP) is the acute-phase protein and the active regulator of host innate immunity, which is highly predictive of the need for mechanical ventilation and may guide escalation of treatment of COVID-19-related uncontrolled inflammation. There are numerous causes of an elevated CRP, including acute and chronic responses, and these can be infectious or non-infectious in etiology. CRP are normally lacking in viral infections, while adaptive immunity appears to be essential for COVID-19 virus clearance, and the macrophage activation syndrome may explain the high serum CRP contents and contribute to the disease progression. Nevertheless, for the assessment of host inflammatory status and identification of viral infection in other pathologies, such as bacterial sepsis, the acute-phase proteins, including CRP and procalcitonin, can provide more important information for guiding clinical diagnosis and antibiotic therapy. This review is aimed to highlight the current and most recent studies with regard to the clinical significance of CRP in severe COVID-19 and other viral associated illnesses, including update advances on the implication of CRP and its form specifically on the pathogenesis of these diseases. The progressive understanding in these areas may be translated into promising measures to prevent severe outcomes and mitigate appropriate treatment modalities in critical COVID-19 and other viral infections.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana/sangue , Influenza Humana/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Viroses
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(59): 7296-7299, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223569

RESUMO

A chlorine e6 (Ce6) and curcumin (Cur) based self-delivery nanomedicine (CeCu) is prepared for chemotherapy sensitized photodynamic therapy (PDT). The chemotherapeutic agent of Cur could inhibit the TrxR activity to destroy the cellular ROS-defence system for enhanced PDT, which provides synergistic effects for tumor precision therapy in consideration of the unfavorable tumor microenvironments.


Assuntos
Nanomedicina , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Curcumina/química , Curcumina/metabolismo , Curcumina/farmacologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Microscopia Confocal , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Porfirinas/química , Porfirinas/metabolismo , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tiorredoxina Dissulfeto Redutase/antagonistas & inibidores , Tiorredoxina Dissulfeto Redutase/metabolismo , Transplante Heterólogo , Microambiente Tumoral
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